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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327782/development-of-manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-rostral-ventrolateral-medulla-of-conscious-rats-importance-of-normalization-and-comparison-with-other-regions-of-interest
#1
Daniel J Huereca, Konstandinos A Bakoulas, Farhad Ghoddoussi, Bruce A Berkowitz, Avril Genene Holt, Patrick J Mueller
Spinally projecting neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) are believed to contribute to pathophysiological alterations in sympathetic nerve activity and the development of cardiovascular disease. The ability to identify changes in the activity of RVLM neurons in conscious animals and humans, especially longitudinally, would represent a clinically important advancement in our understanding of the contribution of the RVLM to cardiovascular disease. To this end, we describe the initial development of manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) for the rat RVLM...
January 12, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277401/mn2-dynamics-in-manganese-enhanced-mri-memri-cav1-2-channel-mediated-uptake-and-preferential-accumulation-in-projection-terminals
#2
Benedikt T Bedenk, Suellen Almeida-Corrêa, Angela Jurik, Nina Dedic, Barbara Grünecker, Andreas J Genewsky, Sebastian F Kaltwasser, Caitlin J Riebe, Jan M Deussing, Michael Czisch, Carsten T Wotjak
Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) exploits the biophysical similarity of Ca2+ and Mn2+ to map the brain's activity in vivo. However, to what extent different Ca2+ channels contribute to the enhanced signal that MEMRI provides and how Mn2+ dynamics influence Mn2+ brain accumulation after systemic administration of MnCl2 are not yet fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that mice lacking the L-type Ca2+ channel 1.2 (Cav1.2) in the CNS show approximately 50% less increase in MEMRI contrast after repeated systemic MnCl2 injections, as compared to control mice...
December 19, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248445/intracellular-manganese-enhanced-mri-signals-reflect-the-frequency-of-action-potentials-in-aplysia-neurons
#3
Pavel Svehla, Alexis Bédécarrats, Caroline Jahn, Romuald Nargeot, Luisa Ciobanu
BACKGROUND: Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) is an increasingly popular alternative to standard functional MRI methods in animal studies. The contrast in MEMRI images is based on the accumulation of Mn2+ ions inside neurons, and, since manganese can serve as calcium analogue, this accumulation reflects calcium dynamics providing versatile information about brain neuroarchitecture and functionality. However, despite its use as a functional imaging tool, the exact relationship between the MEMRI signal and neuronal activity remains elusive...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193339/a-rapid-t1-mapping-method-for-assessment-of-murine-kidney-viability-using-dynamic-manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Kai Jiang, Hui Tang, Prasanna K Mishra, Slobodan I Macura, Lilach O Lerman
PURPOSE: Dynamic manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) allows assessment of tissue viability by tracing manganese uptake. We aimed to develop a rapid T1 mapping method for dynamic MEMRI to facilitate assessments of murine kidney viability. METHODS: A multi-slice saturation recovery fast spin echo (MSRFSE) was developed, validated, and subsequently applied in dynamic MEMRI at 16.4T on ischemic mouse kidneys after 4 weeks of unilateral renal artery stenosis (RAS). Baseline T1 values and post-contrast R1 (1/T1 ) changes were measured in cortex (CO), outer (OSOM), inner (ISOM) strips of outer medulla, and inner medulla (IM)...
November 28, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181695/memri-reveals-altered-activity-in-brain-regions-associated-with-anxiety-locomotion-and-cardiovascular-reactivity-on-the-elevated-plus-maze-in-the-wky-vs-shr-rats
#5
Jasenka Zubcevic, Jacqueline Watkins, Pablo D Perez, Luis M Colon-Perez, Maureen T Long, Marcelo Febo, Linda Hayward
Individuals with anxiety/depression often have exaggerated cardiovascular responses to stressful stimuli and a comorbidity with hypertension. Alternatively, individuals with hypertension can be more anxious. In the present study cardiovascular changes were evaluated during behavioral testing of anxious behavior on the elevated plus maze (EPM) in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), a rodent model of neurogenic hypertension, and compared to the response of the more anxious, but normotensive, Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY)...
November 27, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118417/brain-activation-induced-by-chronic-psychosocial-stress-in-mice
#6
Mikaela A Laine, Ewa Sokolowska, Mateusz Dudek, Saija-Anita Callan, Petri Hyytiä, Iiris Hovatta
Chronic psychosocial stress is a well-established risk factor for neuropsychiatric diseases. Abnormalities in brain activity have been demonstrated in patients with stress-related disorders. Global brain activation patterns during chronic stress exposure are less well understood but may have strong modifying effects on specific brain circuits and thereby influence development of stress-related pathologies. We determined neural activation induced by chronic social defeat stress, a mouse model of psychosocial stress...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114174/mr-assessment-of-acute-pathologic-process-after-myocardial-infarction-in-a-permanent-ligation-mouse-model-role-of-magnetic-nanoparticle-contrasted-mri
#7
Cheongsoo Park, Eun-Hye Park, Jongeun Kang, Javeria Zaheer, Hee Gu Lee, Chul-Ho Lee, Kiyuk Chang, Kwan Soo Hong
We evaluated the relationship between myocardial infarct size and inflammatory response using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) mouse model. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in 14 mice by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending artery. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI), and magnetofluorescent nanoparticle MRI (MNP-MRI) were performed 1, 2, and 3 days after MI, respectively. The size of the enhanced lesion was quantitatively determined using Otsu's thresholding method in area-based and sector-based approaches and was compared statistically...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912720/a-single-angiotensin-ii-hypertensive-stimulus-is-associated-with-prolonged-neuronal-and-immune-system-activation-in-wistar-kyoto-rats
#8
Jasenka Zubcevic, Monica M Santisteban, Pablo D Perez, Rebeca Arocha, Helmut Hiller, Wendi L Malphurs, Luis M Colon-Perez, Ravindra K Sharma, Annette de Kloet, Eric G Krause, Marcelo Febo, Mohan K Raizada
Activation of autonomic neural pathways by chronic hypertensive stimuli plays a significant role in pathogenesis of hypertension. Here, we proposed that even a single acute hypertensive stimulus will activate neural and immune pathways that may be important in initiation of memory imprinting seen in chronic hypertension. We investigated the effects of acute angiotensin II (Ang II) administration on blood pressure, neural activation in cardioregulatory brain regions, and central and systemic immune responses, at 1 and 24 h post-injection...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857310/orotracheal-manganese-enhanced-mri-memri-an-effective-approach-for-lung-tumor-detection
#9
Andrea Bianchi, Oliviero L Gobbo, Sandrine Dufort, Lucie Sancey, François Lux, Olivier Tillement, Jean-Luc Coll, Yannick Crémillieux
Lung cancer is a primary cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Timely detection of this pathology is necessary to delay or interrupt lung cancer progression, ultimately resulting in a possible better prognosis for the patient. In this context, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is especially promising. Ultra-short echo time (UTE) MRI sequences, in combination with gadolinium-based contrast agents, have indeed shown to be especially adapted to the detection of lung neoplastic lesions at submillimeter precision. Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) increasingly appears to be a possible effective alternative to gadolinium-enhanced MRI...
August 31, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854148/a-new-opportunity-for-memri
#10
Ryan Cloyd, Moriel Vandsburger, Jose F Abisambra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747592/investigation-of-spinal-nerve-ligation-mediated-functional-activation-of-the-rat-brain-using-manganese-enhanced-mri
#11
Keun-Yeong Jeong, Ji-Hyuk Kang
To provide clear information on the cerebral regions according to peripheral neuropathy, the functional activation was investigated using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI). L5-spinal nerve ligation (SNL) was applied to the rats to induce neuropathic pain. Mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia were measured to confirm neuropathic pain induction following before and after gabapentin (GBP) treatment. The cerebral regions were investigated using a 4.7T MRI system in the sham, SNL, and GBP-treated SNL rats...
July 26, 2017: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743804/paracrine-effects-of-the-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiac-myocytes-salvage-the-injured-myocardium
#12
Atsushi Tachibana, Michelle R Santoso, Morteza Mahmoudi, Praveen Shukla, Lei Wang, Mihoko Bennett, Andrew B Goldstone, Mouer Wang, Masahiro Fukushi, Antje D Ebert, Y Joseph Woo, Eric Rulifson, Phillip C Yang
RATIONALE: Cardiac myocytes derived from pluripotent stem cells have demonstrated the potential to mitigate damage of the infarcted myocardium and improve left ventricular ejection fraction. However, the mechanism underlying the functional benefit is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the transplantation of cardiac-lineage differentiated derivatives enhance myocardial viability and restore left ventricular ejection fraction more effectively than undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells after a myocardial injury...
September 1, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729937/manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-combined-with-electrophysiology-in-the-evaluation-of-visual-pathway-in-experimental-rat-models-with-monocular-blindness
#13
Zuohua Tang, Jie Wang, Zebin Xiao, Xinghuai Sun, Xiaoyuan Feng, Weijun Tang, Qian Chen, Lingjie Wu, Rong Wang, Yufeng Zhong, Wentao Wang, Jianfeng Luo
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to explore the feasibility of manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) combined with visual evoked potentials (VEP) and auditory evoked visual cortex responses (AVR) in evaluating for the establishment of visual/auditory compensatory pathways after monocular blindness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 healthy neonatal male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups (n = 7 for Groups A and B). Right optic nerve (ON) transection was performed on the 7 rats of Group A to obtain a monocularly blind model, and the 7 rats of Group B were chosen as the control group...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687812/blast-induced-tinnitus-and-elevated-central-auditory-and-limbic-activity-in-rats-a-manganese-enhanced-mri-and-behavioral-study
#14
Jessica Ouyang, Edward Pace, Laura Lepczyk, Michael Kaufman, Jessica Zhang, Shane A Perrine, Jinsheng Zhang
Blast-induced tinitus is the number one service-connected disability that currently affects military personnel and veterans. To elucidate its underlying mechanisms, we subjected 13 Sprague Dawley adult rats to unilateral 14 psi blast exposure to induce tinnitus and measured auditory and limbic brain activity using manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI). Tinnitus was evaluated with a gap detection acoustic startle reflex paradigm, while hearing status was assessed with prepulse inhibition (PPI) and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs)...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678440/automated-computational-processing-of-3-d-mr-images-of-mouse-brain-for-phenotyping-of-living-animals
#15
Christopher S Medina, Brett Manifold-Wheeler, Aaron Gonzales, Elaine L Bearer
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides a method to obtain anatomical information from the brain in vivo that is not typically available by optical imaging because of this organ's opacity. MR is nondestructive and obtains deep tissue contrast with 100-µm(3) voxel resolution or better. Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) may be used to observe axonal transport and localized neural activity in the living rodent and avian brain. Such enhancement enables researchers to investigate differences in functional circuitry or neuronal activity in images of brains of different animals...
July 5, 2017: Current Protocols in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646692/specific-subcortical-structures-are-activated-during-seizure-induced-death-in-a-model-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-sudep-a-manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#16
Srinivasa P Kommajosyula, Marcus E Randall, Thomas J Brozoski, Boris M Odintsov, Carl L Faingold
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a major concern for patients with epilepsy. In most witnessed cases of SUDEP generalized seizures and respiratory failure preceded death, and pre-mortem neuroimaging studies in SUDEP patients observed changes in specific subcortical structures. Our study examined the role of subcortical structures in the DBA/1 mouse model of SUDEP using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI). These mice exhibit acoustically-evoked generalized seizures leading to seizure-induced respiratory arrest (S-IRA) that results in sudden death unless resuscitation is rapidly instituted...
May 25, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633971/manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-depicts-brain-activity-in-models-of-acute-and-chronic-pain-a-new-window-to-study-experimental-spontaneous-pain
#17
I M Devonshire, J J Burston, L Xu, A Lillywhite, M J Prior, D J G Watson, C M Greenspon, S J Iwabuchi, D P Auer, V Chapman
Application of functional imaging techniques to animal models is vital to understand pain mechanisms, but is often confounded by the need to limit movement artefacts with anaesthesia, and a focus on evoked responses rather than clinically relevant spontaneous pain and related hyperalgesia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) to measure neural responses during on-going pain that underpins hyperalgesia in pre-clinical models of nociception...
August 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579797/manganese-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-studies-of-rat-behavior-transient-motor-deficit-in-skilled-reaching-rears-and-activity-in-rats-after-a-single-dose-of-mncl2
#18
Mariam Alaverdashvili, Valerie Lapointe, Ian Q Whishaw, Albert R Cross
Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) has been suggested to be a useful tool to visualize and map behavior-relevant neural populations at large scale in freely behaving rodents. A primary concern in MEMRI applications is Mn(2+) toxicity. Although a few studies have specifically examined toxicity on gross motor behavior, Mn(2+) toxicity on skilled motor behavior was not explored. Thus, the objective of this study was to combine manganese as a functional contrast agent with comprehensive behavior evaluation...
2017: Magnetic Resonance Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539242/manganese-enhanced-mr-imaging-memri-combined-with-electrophysiology-in-the-study-of-cross-modal-plasticity-in-binocularly-blind-rats
#19
Zuohua Tang, Lingjie Wu, Zebin Xiao, Xinghuai Sun, Xiaoyuan Feng, Qian Chen, Jiawen Fan, Jie Wang, Wentao Wang, Jianfeng Luo, Lixin Jin
Our study aimed to determine and verify the establishment of visual to auditory cross-modal plasticity using manganese-enhanced MR imaging (MEMRI) combined with examinations of the visual evoked potential (VEP), auditory brainstem response (ABR) and bilateral visual cortex response to a bilateral auditory stimulus (AVR). Fourteen healthy male Sprague-Dawley newborn rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=7 per group). Optic nerve transection was performed in the 7 rats of Group A three weeks after birth to obtain binocularly blind models, and the 7 rats of Group B were maintained as the control group...
May 21, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528319/quantitative-dla-based-compressed-sensing-for-t1-weighted-acquisitions
#20
Pavel Svehla, Khieu-Van Nguyen, Jing-Rebecca Li, Luisa Ciobanu
High resolution Manganese Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MEMRI), which uses manganese as a T1 contrast agent, has great potential for functional imaging of live neuronal tissue at single neuron scale. However, reaching high resolutions often requires long acquisition times which can lead to reduced image quality due to sample deterioration and hardware instability. Compressed Sensing (CS) techniques offer the opportunity to significantly reduce the imaging time. The purpose of this work is to test the feasibility of CS acquisitions based on Diffusion Limited Aggregation (DLA) sampling patterns for high resolution quantitative T1-weighted imaging...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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