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Jinpu Jia, Chunjuan Bi, Xue Guo, Xueping Wang, Xiaoxiao Zhou, Zhenlou Chen
Road dusts and agricultural soil samples were collected from eight sites close to steel mills, chemical plants, and municipal solid waste incinerator in suburban Shanghai. Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) priority controlled list were analyzed quantitatively using GC-MS. The total PAH concentrations ranged from 0.79 to 6.2 μg g(-1) in road dust samples with a mean value of 2.38 μg g(-1) and 0.26 to 0.54 μg g(-1) in agricultural soils with an average of 0...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Naoto Suzuki, Takeshi Fujita, Konstantin Yu Amsharov, Junji Ichikawa
Selective synthesis of benzo[f]tetraphenes or benzo[g]chrysenes was achieved via aromatic C-F bond cleavage and unprecedented regioselective C-C bond formation depending upon the choice of aluminium reagents. On treatment with AlCl3, 2-(biphenyl-2-yl)-1-fluoronaphthalenes afforded exclusively benzo[f]tetraphenes via C-C bond formation on the carbon atom γ to the original position of the fluorine substituent. In contrast, α-selective C-C bond formation was promoted by treatment with γ-Al2O3 to give benzo[g]chrysenes...
October 7, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Olga Monago-Maraña, Rocío L Pérez, Graciela Mónica Escandar, Arsenio Muñoz de la Peña, Teresa Galeano-Díaz
This work presents a strategy for quantifying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in smoked paprika samples. For this, a liquid chromatographic method with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) has been optimized. In order to resolve some interferences co-eluting with the target analytes, the second order multivariate curve resolution - alternating least-squares (MCR-ALS) algorithm has been employed combined with this liquid chromatographic method. Among the eight PAHs quantified (fluorene, phenantrene, pyrene, chrysene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(b)fluorantene and benzo(a)pyrene) by HPLC-FLD, only in the case of fluorene, pyrene and benzo(b)fluorantene was necessary to apply the second-order algorithm for their resolution...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Wenfen Zhang, Yanhao Zhang, Qiong Jiang, Wenjie Zhao, Ajuan Yu, Hong Chang, Ximei Lu, Fuwei Xie, Baoxian Ye, Shusheng Zhang
To satisfy the requirement of simultaneous extraction and characterization of diverse kinds of multi-target analytes, the preparation, characterization and application of a novel tetraazacalix[2]arene[2]triazine (TCT) coated magnetic nanoparticular (TCT MNP) adsorbent are presented in this paper. TCT assembles two benzene rings and two triazines with nitrogen cross-bridging links, which exhibits a unique structural framework and versatile recognition features based on the multiple recognition sites. These include π electron stacking, charge transfer, hydrogen bonding and ion-exchange...
October 7, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Laura Pereira Garcia, Fernanda M L Gomes, Silvia Tfouni, Eduardo Vicente, Geovana D Savi, Karolina Santos, Vildes M Scussel
A total of 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were surveyed in dry whole soybeans (Glycine max L.) sold for human consumption. The analysed samples were commercialised in vegetarian shops and food stores in Southern Brazil regions. The determination of PAHs levels was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)with fluorescence detection. PAHs were present in 89.7% of the samples. Chrysene (Chy) and 5 methyl chrysene (5MeChy) were the main PAHs detected (76.9% and 71.8%, respectively) followed by dibenzo(ai)pyrene (DaiP), however in a much less percentage of samples (23...
October 6, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Jyotilima Saikia, Puja Khare, Prasenjit Saikia, Binoy K Saikia
In the present investigation, the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated with PM2.5, PM10 and dust particles emitted from two tea processing industrial units were studied that uses high-sulfur coal as their energy source. A total of 16 PAHs (viz. naphthalene (Nap), acenaphthene (Ace), acenaphthylene (Acen), phenanthrene (Phe), fluorene (Flu), anthracene (Ant), fluoranthene (Fluo), pyrene (Pyr), benz[a]anthracene (BaA), chrysene (Chry), benzo[b]fluoranthene (BbF), benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), dibenz[a,h]anthracene (DBahA), indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene (IP) and benzo[ghi]perylene (BghiP) were measured...
September 27, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Ruiming Guo, Luqing Pan, Pengfei Lin, Lei Zheng
This study aimed to investigate the detoxification responses, damage effects and biotransformation in scallop Chlamys farreri exposed to benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) (0.1, 1μg/L), chrysene (CHR) (0.1, 1μg/L) and BaP+CHR (0.1+0.1, 1+1μg/L) for 15days. Results demonstrated that BaP and CHR concentration (BaP<CHR) in tissues increased rapidly in a time and dose effect. The mRNA expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), CYP1B1, multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) were induced especially in the mixtures of BaP and CHR...
September 11, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Kin-Fai Ho, Chih-Cheng Chang, Linwei Tian, Chi-Sing Chan, Benjamin A Musa Bandowe, Ka-Hei Lui, Kang-Yun Lee, Kai-Jen Chuang, Chien-Ying Liu, Zhi Ning, Hsiao-Chi Chuang
Induction of PM2.5-associated lung cancer in response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) remains unclear. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their polar derivatives (oxygenated PAHs: OPAHs and azaarenes: AZAs) were characterized in fine particulates (PM2.5) emitted from indoor coal combustion. Samples were collected in Xuanwei (Yunnan Province), a region in China with a high rate of lung cancer. Human lung adenocarcinoma cells A549 (with wild-type EGFR) and HCC827 (with EGFR mutation) were exposed to the PM2...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Angel Belles, Claire Alary, Justine Criquet, Gabriel Billon
In this paper, a method for evaluating the in-situ degradation of nitro polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nitro-PAH) in sediments is presented. The methodology is adapted from the passive sampler technique, which commonly uses the dissipation rate of labeled compounds loaded in passive sampler devices to sense the environmental conditions of exposure. In the present study, polymeric passive samplers (made of polyethylene strips) loaded with a set of labeled polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and nitro-PAH were immersed in sediments (in field and laboratory conditions) to track the degradation processes...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Cameron J Mackie, Alessandra Candian, Xinchuan Huang, Elena Maltseva, Annemieke Petrignani, Jos Oomens, Andrew L Mattioda, Wybren Jan Buma, Timothy J Lee, Alexander G G M Tielens
The study of interstellar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) relies heavily on theoretically predicted infrared spectra. Most earlier studies use scaled harmonic frequencies for band positions and the double harmonic approximation for intensities. However, recent high-resolution gas-phase experimental spectroscopic studies have shown that the harmonic approximation is not sufficient to reproduce experimental results. In our previous work, we presented the anharmonic theoretical spectra of three linear PAHs, showing the importance of including anharmonicities into the theoretical calculations...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Yoshiaki Shoji, Naoki Tanaka, Sho Muranaka, Naoki Shigeno, Haruka Sugiyama, Kumiko Takenouchi, Fatin Hajjaj, Takanori Fukushima
C-C bond coupling reactions illustrate the wealth of organic transformations, which are usually mediated by organotransition metal complexes. Here, we show that a borafluorene with a B-Cl moiety can mediate sequential alkyne insertion (1,2-carboboration) and deborylation/Csp(2)-Csp(2) coupling reactions, leading to aromatic molecules. The first step, which affords a borepin derivative, proceeds very efficiently between the borafluorene and various alkynes by simply mixing these two components. The second step is triggered by a one-electron oxidation of the borepin derivative, which results in the formation of a phenanthrene framework...
2016: Nature Communications
Carlos A Manzano, Derek Muir, Jane Kirk, Camilla Teixeira, May Siu, Xiaowa Wang, Jean-Pierre Charland, David Schindler, Erin Kelly
Atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) via and onto snow, and their releasing during spring snowmelt has been a concern in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Alberta. This study was designed to evaluate the concentrations, loadings, and distribution of PACs in springtime snowpack and how they have changed since the first study in 2008. Snowpack samples were collected in late winters 2011-2014 at varying distances from the main developments. PAC concentration and deposition declined exponentially with distance, with pyrenes, chrysenes, and dibenzothiophenes dominating the distribution within the first 50 km...
September 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Rafael Friedrich de Lima, Rafael Gomes Dionello, Maria do Carmo Ruaro Peralba, Simone Barrionuevo, Lauri Lourenço Radunz, Francisco Wilson Reichert Júnior
Grain drying using firewood as fuel for air heating, with direct fire, is still widely used in Brazil. The combustion of organic material, such as wood, can generate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) which are known to have carcinogenic potential. In the present work corn grain drying was carried out at three drying air temperatures: 60°C, 60/80°C and 80°C. Following the drying process, the presence and quantification of PAH in the corn grains was investigated. After extracting the PAHs of the matrix, the material was subjected to analysis by gas chromatography with mass detector...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Lingkui Meng, Takao Fujikawa, Motonobu Kuwayama, Yasutomo Segawa, Kenichiro Itami
A simple yet effective method for the formation of thiophene-fused π-systems is reported. When arylethynyl-substituted polycyclic arenes were heated in DMF in the presence of elemental sulfur, the corresponding thiophene-fused polycyclic arenes were obtained via cleavage of the ortho-C-H bond. Thus, arylethynylated naphthalenes, fluoranthenes, pyrenes, corannulenes, chrysenes, and benzo[c]naphtho[2,1-p]chrysenes were effectively converted into the corresponding thiophene-fused π-systems. Apart from polycyclic hydrocarbons, thiophene derivatives are also susceptible to this reaction...
August 17, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Aarif H El-Mubarak, Ahmed I Rushdi, Khalid F Al-Mutlaq, Falah Z Al Mdawi, Khalid Al-Hazmi, Ramil S Dumenden, Rex A Pascua
The main objectives of this work were to identify and determine the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals in carpet dust samples from various mosques of the city of Riyadh and to assess the health risks associated with the exposure to these pollutants. Therefore, 31 samples of mosque's carpet dust from Riyadh were collected. The results showed that 14 PAHs were present in the dust samples with concentrations ranged from 90 to 22,146 ng g(-1) (mean = 4096 ± 4277 ng g(-1)) where low molecular weight compounds were dominant...
August 6, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Adam Smoliński, Leszek Drobek, Václav Dombek, Andrzej Bąk
The main objective of the study presented was to investigate the differences between 20 mine waste dumps located in the Silesian Region of Poland and Czech Republic, in terms of trace elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contents. The Principal Component Analysis and Hierarchical Clustering Analysis were applied in exploration of the studied data. Since the data set was affected by outlying objects, the employment of a relevant analysis strategy was necessary. The final PCA model was constructed with the use of the Expectation-Maximization iterative approach preceded by a correct identification of outliers...
November 2016: Chemosphere
Erin P Madeen, Ted J Ognibene, Richard A Corley, Tammie J McQuistan, Marilyn C Henderson, William M Baird, Graham Bench, Ken W Turteltaub, David E Williams
Metabolism is a key health risk factor following exposures to pro-carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC), an IARC classified 2A probable human carcinogen. Human exposure to PAHs occurs primarily from the diet in nonsmokers. However, little data is available on the metabolism and pharmacokinetics in humans of high molecular weight PAHs (≥4 aromatic rings), including DBC. We previously determined the pharmacokinetics of DBC in human volunteers orally administered a microdose (29 ng; 5 nCi) of [(14)C]-DBC by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) analysis of total [(14)C] in plasma and urine...
October 17, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
Scott A Stout, James R Payne
Chemical analysis of sediment cores collected up to 8km from the Macondo well in 2010/2011 demonstrates the extent of weathering of the Macondo oil deposited in deep-sea sediments following the Deepwater Horizon disaster. On average, dissolution and biodegradation of the oil on the seafloor increased with distance from the well indicating that weathering occurred rapidly and overwhelmingly during the oil's transport as dispersed oil droplets within the deep-sea plume. Beyond about 5km from the well, the oil deposited on the seafloor had lost most mass below C25, was relatively enriched in n-C25+ n-alkanes and C3- and C4-alkylated benz[a]anthracenes/chrysenes, the latter owing to 95% depletion of total PAHs...
October 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Daniela M Pampanin, Jeremie Le Goff, Karianne Skogland, Cristian R Marcucci, Kjell Birger Øysæd, Marianne Lorentzen, Kåre B Jørgensen, Magne O Sydnes
The monitoring of the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the aquatic environment is a worldwide activity since some of these compounds are well-established carcinogens and mutagens. Contaminants in this class are in fact regarded as priority hazardous substances for environmental pollution (Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC). In this study, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) was selected to assess in vivo effects of two PAH and their first metabolic products, namely, the corresponding trans-dihydrodiols, using biological markers...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Lisbet Sørensen, Sonnich Meier, Svein A Mjøs
RATIONALE: Due to the inherent toxicity of these compounds, analysis of petrogenic alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heteroaromatic compounds in environmental samples is crucial. However, most existing methods are not sensitive enough when the analyte concentrations are low. Gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS) is well suited to tackle this challenge, but methods are yet to be fully developed. METHODS: A gas chromatograph coupled with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer operated in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was applied for the analysis...
September 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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