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mr cartilage 5 tesla

Luning Wang, Mikko J Nissi, Ferenc Toth, Casey P Johnson, Michael Garwood, Cathy S Carlson, Jutta Ellermann
PURPOSE: To use quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) to investigate changes in cartilage canals in the distal femur of juvenile goats after their surgical transection. METHODS: Chondronecrosis was surgically induced in the right medial femoral condyles of four 4-day-old goats. Both the operated and control knees were harvested at 2, 3, 5, and 10 weeks after the surgeries. Ex vivo MRI scans were conducted at 9.4 Tesla using TRAFF (relaxation time along a fictitious field)-weighted fast spin echo imaging and QSM to detect areas of chondronecrosis and investigate cartilage canal abnormalities...
March 28, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Andrea Lazik, Jens M Theysohn, Christina Geis, Sören Johst, Mark E Ladd, Harald H Quick, Oliver Kraff
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the technical feasibility and applicability of quantitative MR techniques (delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC), T2 mapping, T2* mapping) at 7 T MRI for assessing hip cartilage. METHODS: Hips of 11 healthy volunteers were examined at 7 T MRI with an 8-channel radiofrequency transmit/receive body coil using multi-echo sequences for T2 and T2* mapping and a dual flip angle gradient-echo sequence before (T10) and after intravenous contrast agent administration (T1Gd; 0...
May 2016: European Radiology
Mario Ronga, Gloria Angeretti, Sergio Ferraro, Giovanni DE Falco, Eugenio A Genovese, Paolo Cherubino
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard method for non-invasive assessment of joint cartilage, providing information on the structure, morphology and molecular composition of this tissue. There are certain minimum requirements for a MRI study of cartilage tissue: machines with a high magnetic field (> 1.5 Tesla); the use of surface coils; and the use of T2-weighted, proton density-weighted fast-spin echo (T2 FSE-DP) and 3D fat-suppressed T1-weighted gradient echo (3D-FS T1W GRE) sequences. For better contrast between the different joint structures, MR arthography is a method that can highlight minimal fibrillation or fractures of the articular surface and allow evaluation of the integrity of the native cartilage-repair tissue interface...
July 2014: Joints
Andrea Lazik, Konrad Körsmeier, Tim Claßen, Marcus Jäger, Michael Kamminga, Oliver Kraff, Thomas C Lauenstein, Jens M Theysohn, Stefan Landgraeber
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of 3 Tesla (T) high-resolution and gadolinium enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) in the thin and rounded hip cartilage of patients after acetabular matrix-based autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT). METHODS: Under general ethics approval, 24 patients were prospectively examined 6-31 months after acetabular MACT at 3T using high-resolution proton-density weighted (PDw) images (bilateral PD SPACE, 0.8 mm isotropic; unilateral PD-TSE coronal/sagittal, 0...
September 2015: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Tobias Johannes Dietrich, Flora Luciana Figueira da Silva, Marcelo Rodrigues de Abreu, Georg Klammer, Christian W A Pfirrmann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the spectrum and frequency of MR findings of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) in asymptomatic volunteers. METHODS: MR imaging of 30 asymptomatic forefeet was performed with a dedicated extremity 1.5-Tesla system. Participants were between 20 and 49 years of age (mean ± SD: 35.5 ± 8.4 years). Two radiologists assessed cartilage, bone, capsuloligamentous structures, and tendons of first MTPJs on MR images. RESULTS: Cartilage defects were observed in 27 % (n = 8) of first MTPJs, most frequently located at the base of the proximal phalanx (23 %, n = 7), whereas cartilage defects of the metatarsal head (13 %, n = 4) and the metatarsosesamoid compartment were rare (0 %-3 %, n = 0-1)...
April 2015: European Radiology
Filippo Del Grande, Michael Aro, Sahar Jalali Farahani, John Wilckens, Andrew Cosgarea, John A Carrino
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate the qualitative and quantitative 3-T MR imaging features of the elbow in non-symptomatic professional baseball pitchers presenting as major league draft picks or trades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved the HIPPA-compliant study. Informed consent was waived. Twenty-one professional non-symptomatic baseball pitchers (mean age 23, range 18 to 34 years old) underwent 3-T MR imaging of the pitching elbow...
January 2015: Skeletal Radiology
Catherine N Petchprapa, Leon D Rybak, Kevin S Dunham, Riccardo Lattanzi, Michael P Recht
OBJECTIVE: Assess the diagnostic accuracy of 3-T indirect magnetic resonance arthrography (iMRA) for hip cartilage and labral pathology detection using arthroscopy as the reference standard and compare it to the published performance of direct magnetic resonance arthrography (dMRA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, 290 patients suspected of having femoroacetabular impingement underwent iMRA. Our study group consisted of 41 of these patients (17 males, mean age 35 years; 24 females, mean age 33 years) who did not have a prior history of hip surgery and who subsequently underwent arthroscopy...
January 2015: Skeletal Radiology
Stephen J Matzat, Emily J McWalter, Feliks Kogan, Weitian Chen, Garry E Gold
BACKGROUND: To compare T2 relaxation time measurements between MR pulse sequences at 3 Tesla in agar phantoms and in vivo patellar, femoral, and tibial articular cartilage. METHODS: T2 relaxation times were quantified in phantoms and knee articular cartilage of eight healthy individuals using a single echo spin echo (SE) as a reference standard and five other pulse sequences: multi-echo SE (MESE), fast SE (2D-FSE), magnetization-prepared spoiled gradient echo (3D-MAPSS), three-dimensional (3D) 3D-FSE with variable refocusing flip angle schedules (3D vfl-FSE), and quantitative double echo steady state (qDESS)...
July 2015: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
J M Theysohn, O Kraff, N Theysohn, S Orzada, S Landgraeber, M E Ladd, T C Lauenstein
OBJECTIVES: To compare ultra-high field, high-resolution bilateral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hips at 7 Tesla (T) with 3 T MRI in patients with avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head by subjective image evaluations, contrast measurements, and evaluation of the appearance of imaging abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen subjects with avascular necrosis treated using advanced core decompression underwent MRI at both 7 T and 3 T. Sequence parameters as well as resolution were kept identical for both field strengths...
May 2014: Skeletal Radiology
Ligong Wang, Gregory Chang, Jenny Bencardino, James S Babb, Svetlana Krasnokutsky, Steven Abramson, Ravinder R Regatte
PURPOSE: To compare and assess subregional, compartmental, and whole T1rho values of menisci in patients with doubtful-minimal (Kellgren-Lawrence [KL] grade 1-2) as compared to moderate-severe (KL3-4) osteoarthritis (OA) and healthy controls at 3 Tesla (T). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six subjects were included in the study and subdivided into three subgroups: 16 healthy controls (4 females, 12 males; mean age = 34.4 ± 10.2 years; age range, 24-63 years), 20 patients with doubtful-minimal (KL1-2) OA (9 females, 11 males; mean age = 61...
September 2014: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Uwe H W Schütz, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Beat Knechtle, Jürgen Machann, Heike Wiedelbach, Martin Ehrhardt, Wolfgang Freund, Stefan Gröninger, Horst Brunner, Ingo Schulze, Hans-Jürgen Brambs, Christian Billich
BACKGROUND: The TransEurope FootRace 2009 (TEFR09) was one of the longest transcontinental ultramarathons with an extreme endurance physical load of running nearly 4,500 km in 64 days. The aim of this study was to assess the wide spectrum of adaptive responses in humans regarding the different tissues, organs and functional systems being exposed to such chronic physical endurance load with limited time for regeneration and resulting negative energy balance. A detailed description of the TEFR project and its implemented measuring methods in relation to the hypotheses are presented...
2012: BMC Medicine
Charles G Peterfy, Julie C DiCarlo, Ewa Olech, Maire-Agnes Bagnard, Annarita Gabriele, Norman Gaylis
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be superior to radiography (XR) for assessing synovitis, osteitis, and bone erosion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly in clinical trials. However, relatively little has been reported on the ability of MRI to evaluate articular cartilage loss, or joint-space narrowing (JSN), in the hands and wrists. In a previous study, we adapted the nine-point Genant-modified Sharp XR-JSN score for use with MRI (MRI-JSN). In this study, we compare MRI-JSN with XR-JSN by using images from two multicenter clinical trials...
2012: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Gregory Chang, Guillaume Madelin, Orrin H Sherman, Eric J Strauss, Ding Xia, Michael P Recht, Alexej Jerschow, Ravinder R Regatte
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cartilage repair and native tissue using a three-dimensional (3D), radial, ultra-short echo time (UTE) (23)Na MR sequence without and with an inversion recovery (IR) preparation pulse for fluid suppression at 7 Tesla (T). METHODS: This study had institutional review board approval. We recruited 11 consecutive patients (41.5 ± 11.8 years) from an orthopaedic surgery practice who had undergone a knee cartilage restoration procedure. The subjects were examined postoperatively (median = 26 weeks) with 7-T MRI using: proton-T2 (TR/TE = 3,000 ms/60 ms); sodium UTE (TR/TE = 100 ms/0...
June 2012: European Radiology
Ediuska Laurens, Erika Schneider, Carl S Winalski, Anthony Calabro
OBJECTIVE: To develop and characterize the MR properties of a synthetic model for cartilage extra-cellular matrix using hydrogels and to determine the concentration dependence of spin-lattice (T1) and spin-spin (T2) relaxation times of hydrogels and their glycosaminoglycan and collagen components in the presence and absence of gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) for use in dGEMRIC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T1 and T2 measurements were made at 3 Tesla on a range of gelatin (i...
February 2012: Skeletal Radiology
Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Roberto Sanz, Angel Alberich, Elena Belloch
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides an excellent spatial resolution to visualize cartilage and define its main properties. Both 1.5 and especially 3 Tesla equipments have become very efficient in showing the whole articular cartilage and classifying the degenerative damage by analyzing morphological, structural and physical properties. MR evaluation of articular cartilage is of great clinical importance due to the prevalence of degenerative lesions and the development of new drugs and surgery-based treatments...
November 2009: Reumatología Clinica
Kathryn J Stevens, Charles G Wallace, Weitian Chen, Jarrett K Rosenberg, Garry E Gold
PURPOSE: To compare three-dimensional fast spin echo Cube (3D-FSE-Cube) with conventional 2D-FSE in MR imaging of the wrist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The wrists of 10 volunteers were imaged in a 1.5 Tesla MRI scanner using an eight-channel wrist coil. The 3D-FSE-Cube images were acquired in the coronal plane with 0.5-mm isotropic resolution. The 2D-FSE images were acquired in both coronal and axial planes for comparison. An ROI was placed in fluid, cartilage, and muscle for SNR analysis...
April 2011: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
A Ehlert, J Ferguson, K Gerlach
The aim of the study was to describe the anatomy of the bovine tarsus using magnetic resonance imaging in a low-field scanner. T1-weighted transverse and sagittal images of five isolated hindlimbs were evaluated using a 0.5 Tesla magnet and a knee coil. The MR images were compared to corresponding frozen sections of cadaver limbs. Anatomical structures were labelled at each level. The resulting images provided excellent detail of the bovine tarsus. This study should serve as a basic reference for orthopaedic problems related to the tarsus in cattle...
June 2011: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Seungbum Koo, Brian A Hargreaves, Garry E Gold, Jason L Dragoo
PURPOSE: to create a custom-shaped graft through 3D tissue shape reconstruction and rapid-prototype molding methods using MRI data, and to test the accuracy of the custom-shaped graft against the original anatomical defect. METHODS: An iatrogenic defect on the distal femur was identified with a 1.5 Tesla MRI and its shape was reconstructed into a three-dimensional (3D) computer model by processing the 3D MRI data. First, the accuracy of the MRI-derived 3D model was tested against a laser-scan based 3D model of the defect...
October 2010: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Hongli Liao, Wenming Yu, Wei Wang, Yunjie Liao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the capability and limitation of magnetic resonance image(MRI)for Lumbar zygapophyseal joint cartilage through comparing pig lumbar zygapophyseal joint cartilage acquired from multiple MRI sequences of a 1.5 Tesla MR and gross specimens. METHODS: Six fresh lumbar spines from adult pigs were sagittaly scanned by Siemens 1.5 Tesla MR. The scan sequences included fast spin echo T1-weighted imaging (FSE T1WI), fast spin echo T2-weighted imaging (FSE T2 weighted T2WI), fat saturation proton density-weighted imaging (FS PDWI), 3-dimensional fast low angle shot imaging (3D-FLASH), and water excitation 3-dimensional fast low angle shot imaging (WE 3D-FLASH)...
October 2010: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Dean Inglis, Andy Kin On Wong, Felix Eckstein, Jonathan D Adachi, Karen A Beattie
The study's purpose was to assess the effect of multiplanar reconstruction on precision of weight-bearing medial and lateral femoral cartilage (cMF, cLF) morphometry in maloriented coronal MR images. Twenty knees were scanned four times with a 1.0 Tesla extremity imager using a fat-suppressed T1-weighted three-dimensional spoiled gradient recalled echo sequence; twice with "best as" double bull's-eye orientation of the femoral condyles, and once each with 5° internal and external rotation. Multiplanar reconstruction was applied to maloriented scans to recover double bull's-eye orientation...
March 2011: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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