Read by QxMD icon Read

Meniscal regeneration

Laura W Gamer, Lin Xiang, Vicki Rosen
Meniscal injuries are commonplace, but current surgical repair procedures do not prevent degenerative joint changes that occur after meniscal injury and often lead to osteoarthritis. Successful tissue regeneration in adults often recapitulates events that occur during embryogenesis, suggesting that understanding the regulatory pathways controlling these early processes may provide clues for developing strategies for tissue repair. While the mouse is now widely used to study joint diseases, detailed knowledge of the basic biology of murine meniscus is not readily available...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Maria L González-Fernández, Saúl Pérez-Castrillo, Jaime A Sánchez-Lázaro, Julio G Prieto-Fernández, Maria E López-González, Sandra Lobato-Pérez, Bruno J Colaço, Elías R Olivera, Vega Villar-Suárez
OBJECTIVE To assess the ability to regenerate an equine meniscus by use of a collagen repair patch (scaffold) seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow (BM) or adipose tissue (AT). SAMPLE 6 female Hispano-Breton horses between 4 and 7 years of age; MSCs from BM and AT were obtained for the in vitro experiment, and the horses were subsequently used for the in vivo experiment. PROCEDURES Similarities and differences between MSCs derived from BM or AT were investigated in vitro by use of cell culture...
July 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Yiying Qi, Guangnan Chen, Gang Feng
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a potential therapy for meniscus regeneration. However, when using single cell suspension injection, there is frequently a significant loss of cells, with only a small percentage of cells remaining at the target site. This issue may be solved with the use of MSC sheets. In the present study, we investigated whether the use of MSC sheets were able to regenerate the meniscus effectively in a rat meniscectomized model. The anterior half of the medial meniscus in 10 rats was excised and an MSC sheet was transplanted in the MSC sheet treatment group, while untreated rats served as the control...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Wei Niu, Weimin Guo, Shufeng Han, Yun Zhu, Shuyun Liu, Quanyi Guo
Meniscus injuries remain a significant challenge due to the poor healing potential of the inner avascular zone. Following a series of studies and clinical trials, tissue engineering is considered a promising prospect for meniscus repair and regeneration. As one of the key factors in tissue engineering, cells are believed to be highly beneficial in generating bionic meniscus structures to replace injured ones in patients. Therefore, cell-based strategies for meniscus tissue engineering play a fundamental role in meniscal regeneration...
2016: Stem Cells International
Shurong Zhang, Takehiko Matsushita, Ryosuke Kuroda, Kyohei Nishida, Tokio Matsuzaki, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Kanto Nagai, Shinya Oka, Yasuhiko Tabata, Kouki Nagamune, Masahiro Kurosaka
BACKGROUND: Repair of an avascular meniscus is challenging because of its low capacity for healing. Several reports have shown that simvastatin stimulates the anabolic activity of intervertebral fibrochondrocytes, suggesting that simvastatin may be used for the treatment of meniscal defects. PURPOSE: To test whether the local administration of simvastatin stimulates healing of an avascular meniscus in rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Giovanna Desando, Gianluca Giavaresi, Carola Cavallo, Isabella Bartolotti, Federica Sartoni, Nicolò Nicoli Aldini, Lucia Martini, Annapaola Parrilli, Erminia Mariani, Milena Fini, Brunella Grigolo
INTRODUCTION: Cell-based therapies are becoming a valuable tool to treat osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated and compared the regenerative potential of bone marrow concentrate (BMC) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), both engineered with Hyaff(®)-11 (HA) for OA treatment in a sheep model. METHODS: OA was induced via unilateral medial meniscectomy. Bone marrow was aspirated from the iliac crest, followed by concentration processes or cell isolation and expansion to obtain BMC and MSC, respectively...
June 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Marco Bigoni, Marco Turati, Paola Sacerdote, Diego Gaddi, Massimiliano Piatti, Alberto Castelnuovo, Silvia Franchi, Marta Gandolla, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Robert J Omeljaniuk, Elena Bresciani, Vittorio Locatelli, Antonio Torsello
Concentrations of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in synovial fluid samples collected from patients with chronic meniscal tears were investigated. An acute inflammatory response is generally reported 24-48 h after knee injury, but the largest body of data available in literature concerns anterior cruciate ligament injury and very little information is available about the balance of soluble factors in the synovial fluid of knees with chronic meniscal tears. Sixty-nine patients (46 males and 23 females) with meniscal tear that occurred more than 3 months earlier were enrolled...
April 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Mary Clare McCorry, Jennifer L Puetzer, Lawrence J Bonassar
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown positive therapeutic effects for meniscus regeneration and repair. Preliminary in vitro work has indicated positive results for MSC applications for meniscus tissue engineering; however, more information is needed on how to direct MSC behavior. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of MSC co-culture with primary meniscal fibrochondrocytes (FCCs) in a three-dimensional collagen scaffold in fibrochondrogenic media...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Shimpei Kondo, Takeshi Muneta, Yusuke Nakagawa, Hideyuki Koga, Toshifumi Watanabe, Kunikazu Tsuji, Shinichi Sotome, Atsushi Okawa, Shinji Kiuchi, Hideo Ono, Mitsuru Mizuno, Ichiro Sekiya
Transplantation of aggregates of synovial mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) enhanced meniscus regeneration in rats. Anatomy and biological properties of the meniscus depend on animal species. To apply this technique clinically, it is valuable to investigate the use of animals genetically close to humans. We investigated whether transplantation of aggregates of autologous synovial MSCs promoted meniscal regeneration in aged primates. Chynomolgus primates between 12-13 years old were used. After the anterior halves of the medial menisci in both knees were removed, an average of 14 aggregates consisting of 250,000 synovial MSCs were transplanted onto the meniscus defect...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Peter Angele, Richard Kujat, Matthias Koch, Johannes Zellner
Meniscus integrity is the key for joint health of the knee. Therefore, the main goal of every meniscus treatment should be the maintenance of as much meniscus tissue as possible.Repair of meniscus tears can be achieved by meniscus suture. However, in a recently published meta-analysis, the long-term outcome of meniscus repair showed a mean failure rate of 24%.In a preclinical trial, locally applied mesenchymal stem cells produced differentiated meniscus-like tissue in meniscus tears indicating that mesenchymal-based cells, harvested from the bone marrow, enhance meniscus healing in critical-size meniscus tears...
December 2014: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Yiying Qi, Zhigao Yang, Qianhai Ding, Tengfei Zhao, Zhongming Huang, Gang Feng
Repair of a massive meniscal defect remains a challenge in the clinic. However, targeted magnetic cell delivery, an emerging technique, may be useful in its treatment. The present study aimed to determine the effect of targeted intra-articular injection of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) in a rabbit model of a massive meniscal defect. ASCs may be directly labeled and almost 100% of the ASCs were labeled with SPIO after 24 h; these SPIO-labeled ASCs may be orientated by magnet...
February 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jihye Baek, Sujata Sovani, Nicholas E Glembotski, Jiang Du, Sungho Jin, Shawn P Grogan, Darryl D D'Lima
The self-healing capacity of an injured meniscus is limited to the vascularized regions and is especially challenging in the inner avascular regions. As such, we investigated the use of human meniscus cell-seeded electrospun (ES) collagen type I scaffolds to produce meniscal tissue and explored whether these cell-seeded scaffolds can be implanted to repair defects created in meniscal avascular tissue explants. Human meniscal cells (derived from vascular and avascular meniscal tissue) were seeded on ES scaffolds and cultured...
March 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
G López-Calzada, A R Hernandez-Martínez, M Cruz-Soto, M Ramírez-Cardona, D Rangel, G A Molina, G Luna-Barcenas, M Estevez
Despite the significant advances in the meniscus tissue engineering field, it is difficult to recreate the complex structure and organization of the collagenous matrix of the meniscus. In this work, we developed a meniscus prototype to be used as substitute or scaffold for the regeneration of the meniscal matrix, recreating the differential morphology of the meniscus by electrospinning. Synthetic biocompatible polymers were combined with the extracellular matrix component, collagen and used to replicate the meniscus...
April 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
He Huang, Shukui Wang, Jianchao Gui, Haiqi Shen
The repair of meniscus in the avascular zone remains a great challenge, largely owing to their limited healing capacity. Stem cells based tissue engineering provides a promising treatment option for damaged meniscus because of their multiple differentiation potential. We hypothesized that meniscus-derived stromal cells (MMSCs) may be present in meniscal tissue, and if their pluripotency and character can be established, they may play a role in meniscal healing. To test our hypothesis, we isolated MMSCs, bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSCs) and fibrochondrocytes from rabbits...
October 2016: Cytotechnology
E W Bradley, L R Carpio, M E McGee-Lawrence, C Castillejo Becerra, D F Amanatullah, L E Ta, M Otero, M B Goldring, S Kakar, J J Westendorf
OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and a leading cause of disability. OA is characterized by articular chondrocyte deterioration, subchondral bone changes and debilitating pain. One strategy to promote cartilage regeneration and repair is to accelerate proliferation and matrix production of articular chondrocytes. We previously reported that the protein phosphatase Phlpp1 controls chondrocyte differentiation by regulating the activities of anabolic kinases...
June 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Fabian Blanke, Patrick Vavken, Maximilian Haenle, Lutz von Wehren, Geert Pagenstert, Martin Majewski
INTRODUCTION: management of intrasubstance meniscal lesions is still controversial. Intrasubstance meniscal lesions can lead to reduced sports activity and meniscal rupture. Physical therapy is often not satisfactory. Therefore new treatment methods are requested. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) has the ability to regenerate tissue; this was proved in several experimental studies. Whether percutaneous injections of PRP are effective in intrasubstance meniscal lesions is unknown. We hypothesize that percutaneous PRP injections lead to pain relief and halt of progression on MRI over 6 months in patients with grade 2 meniscal lesions...
July 2015: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Ali Negahi Shirazi, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Ali Khademhosseini, Fariba Dehghani
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most vulnerable ligaments of the knee. ACL impairment results in episodic instability, chondral and meniscal injury and early osteoarthritis. The poor self-healing capacity of ACL makes surgical treatment inevitable. Current ACL reconstructions include a substitution of torn ACL via biological grafts such as autograft, allograft. This review provides an insight of ACL structure, orientation and properties followed by comparing the performance of various constructs that have been used for ACL replacement...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Karl F Schüttler, Turgay Efe
BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering has provided the orthopedic surgeon with a vast portfolio of methods for replacement or regeneration of articular cartilage or meniscal tissue. On the one hand cell based techniques such as autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) are a main focus of interest. On the other hand cell free techniques are rapidly evolving and gaining more interest. The European Union regulation of November 2007, demanding proof of efficacy in cases of autologous cell transplantation, additionally increased the interest in cell-free techniques...
2015: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Giovanni Zaccherotti, Maristella Olmastroni
Twenty consecutive, chronic and isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesions that underwent reconstruction with quadrupled semitendinosus (ST) and gracilis (G) were prospectively examined to compare tendon regeneration and muscle strength recovery. Twenty consecutive axial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) scans were done after 1 month, 6 months and 2 years from surgery. A CybexII was used to evaluate concentric strength deficits both in flexion and in internal tibia rotation at 6 months and 2 years. At 2 years, an NMR signal comparable to the contralateral was present in 14 (70%) cases and absent in 6 (30%)...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
Christopher L McCrum, C Thomas Vangsness
Arthroscopic meniscal repair and debridement are some of the most common procedures performed in the field of orthopedic surgery. Further, recent research has suggested poor long-term outcomes for patients with meniscectomies with increased incidence of osteoarthritis, leaving a need to develop technology to regenerate meniscal tissue following meniscectomy. Mesenchymal stem cells, are cells that can be harvested from multiple organs and retain the ability to differentiate into a variety of tissues, including osteoblasts, adipocytes, and chondroblasts...
September 2015: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"