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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210803/being-overweight-has-limited-effect-on-scarf-osteotomy-outcome-for-hallux-valgus-correction
#1
Marcin A Milczarek, Julia J Milczarek, Bartłomiej Tomasik, Przemysław Łaganowski, Krzysztof Nowak, Marcin Domżalski
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the results of SCARF osteotomy of the first metatarsal for hallux valgus (HV) correction, as the literature on this is scant. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out between 2011 and 2015. One hundred and thirty-three patients diagnosed with moderate to severe HV underwent a SCARF corrective osteotomy. We divided the patients into two groups according to their BMI: normal and overweight...
February 16, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208375/stable-parity-time-symmetric-nonlinear-modes-and-excitations-in-a-derivative-nonlinear-schr%C3%A3-dinger-equation
#2
Yong Chen, Zhenya Yan
The effect of derivative nonlinearity and parity-time-symmetric (PT-symmetric) potentials on the wave propagation dynamics is explored in the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation, where the physically interesting Scarf-II and harmonic-Hermite-Gaussian potentials are chosen. We study numerically the regions of unbroken and broken linear PT-symmetric phases and find some stable bright solitons of this model in a wide range of potential parameters even though the corresponding linear PT-symmetric phases are broken...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159053/technique-tip-simultaneous-first-metatarsal-lengthening-and-metatarsophalangeal-joint-fusion-for-failed-hallux-valgus-surgery-with-transfer-metatarsalgia
#3
Ashwin Chowdhary, Lisca Drittenbass, Richard Stern, Mathieu Assal
BACKGROUND: Failed hallux valgus surgery may result in residual or recurrent hallux valgus, and as well transfer metatarsalgia. The present technical tip concerns the combination of fusion of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint and lengthening of the first metatarsal (MT) through a scarf osteotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients underwent the presented technique, all for the indication of failed hallux valgus surgery with shortening of the first MT and degenerative changes in the 1st MTP joint...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159041/suture-fixation-of-an-akin-osteotomy-a-cost-effective-and-clinically-reliable-technique
#4
T Sinnett, Y Fang, E Nattfogel, A O'Gorman, C Charalambides
BACKGROUND: The Akin osteotomy is commonly performed as an adjunct to osteotomies of the first metatarsal for the correction of hallux valgus such as the scarf or chevron osteotomies. The Akin osteotomy is indicated for the correction of a hallux valgus interphalangeus and can be used supplementary in any first metatarsal osteotomy for a hallux valgus. Various techniques have been described for fixation of the osteotomy. Most commonly the osteotomy is held and fixed with metalwork consisting of either a staple [2,3], a screw [4,5] or wiring [6,7]...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078468/surgery-of-the-hallux-valgus-in-an-ambulatory-setting-a-liability-risk
#5
L Galois, J-M Serwier, A D Arashvand
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of the study is to make an inventory of malpractice in hallux valgus surgery in an ambulatory setting and to identify the patient characteristics for a higher risk of malpractice. The secondary objective is creating a methodology for analyzing the medicolegal aspects of a surgery in day case comparing with hospitalization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The database of the Branchet insurance company was used. A total of 11,000 claims for a period of 11 years (2002-2013) have been investigated...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018132/the-gender-congruency-effect-during-bilingual-spoken-word-recognition
#6
Luis Morales, Daniela Paolieri, Paola E Dussias, Jorge R Valdés Kroff, Chip Gerfen, María Teresa Bajo
We investigate the 'gender-congruency' effect during a spoken-word recognition task using the visual world paradigm. Eye movements of Italian-Spanish bilinguals and Spanish monolinguals were monitored while they viewed a pair of objects on a computer screen. Participants listened to instructions in Spanish (encuentra la bufanda / 'find the scarf') and clicked on the object named in the instruction. Grammatical gender of the objects' name was manipulated so that pairs of objects had the same (congruent) or different (incongruent) gender in Italian, but gender in Spanish was always congruent...
March 2016: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992234/using-dental-gps-to-navigate-implant-placement
#7
Byran T Harris, William C Scarfe, Daniel R Llop, Wei-Shao Lin
Digital advances have changed implant planning to improve outcomes in placement and restoration. Layering multiple image inputs, such as volumetric radiology, photography, and 3-dimensional (3D) surface scans, has allowed better assessment of patients with partial or complete edentulism, and this can aid in producing 3D visual predictions, implant guides, and prosthetics to execute the proposed plan.
September 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924229/men-work-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review-of-depression-in-male-dominated-industries-and-occupations
#8
REVIEW
Ann M Roche, Ken Pidd, Jane A Fischer, Nicole Lee, Anje Scarfe, Victoria Kostadinov
Among men, depression is often unrecognised and untreated. Men employed in male-dominated industries and occupations may be particularly vulnerable. However, efforts to develop tailored workplace interventions are hampered by lack of prevalence data. A systematic review of studies reporting prevalence rates for depression in male dominated workforce groups was undertaken. Studies were included if they were published between 1990 - June 2012 in English, examined adult workers in male-dominated industries or occupations (> 70% male workforce), and used clinically relevant indicators of depression...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908662/too-cool-symbolic-but-not-iconic-stimuli-impair-4-year-old-children-s-performance-on-the-delay-of-gratification-choice-paradigm
#9
Lisa G Labuschagne, Taylor-Jane Cox, Kaitlyn Brown, Damian Scarf
A common method of improving the performance of children and non-human primates on the delay-of-gratification maintenance paradigm and measures of executive function (e.g., the Less is More task) is to represent the rewards subjects can acquire symbolically. This method, known as symbolic distancing, is thought to lower activation of the "hot" impulsive system and allow the "cool" rational system to dominate processing. Surprisingly, in contrast to its impact on the measures noted above, recent developmental and comparative studies have reported that symbolic distancing has a null or negative impact on performance on the delay-of-gratification choice paradigm...
February 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893994/shortening-scarf-osteotomy-for-correction-of-severe-hallux-valgus-does-shortening-affect-the-outcome
#10
Prasad Karpe, Marie C Killen, Raymond D Pollock, Rajiv Limaye
BACKGROUND: Translation and shortening of Scarf osteotomy allows correction of severe hallux valgus deformity. Shortening may result in transfer metatarsalgia. AIM: To evaluate outcome of patients undergoing shortening Scarf osteotomy for severe hallux valgus deformities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (20feet, mean age 58 years) underwent shortening Scarf osteotomy for severe hallux valgus deformities. Outcomes were pre and postoperative AOFAS scores, IM and HV angles, patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888785/hallux-varus-following-scarf-osteotomy
#11
Shahid Akhtar, Sabur Malek, Kartik Hariharan
Hallux varus is an uncommon condition and majority of the cases are iatrogenic. It can occur as a result of any type of hallux valgus correction surgery and in our cases scarf osteotomy is not an exception. Treatment of this complication can be challenging and it is important to understand the factors that cause this deformity before embarking on surgical correction. Four cases of hallux varus following Scarf osteotomy (1% of our total Scarf osteotomy cases) and discuss the salient features of these patients...
December 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881621/unusual-case-of-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-using-chloroform
#12
Camille Richeval, Delphine Allorge, Vincent Lopez, Baptiste Boyer, Jean-Michel Gaulier
Despite its well-known sedative properties, chloroform is rarely used for drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) as its administration cannot be achieved without the victim's knowledge: we report an unusual case of DFSA using this solvent. A 26-year-old woman declared that her partner get her to sleep using chloroform the previous night. When she waked up at 3 am, her hands were tied. She immediately suspected violence and sexual penetration. Toxicological blood screening using a liquid chromatography-electrospray coupled tandem mass spectrometry method highlighted the presence of bamifylline and theophylline, two therapeutics of asthma...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824895/binocular-depth-judgments-on-smoothly-curved-surfaces
#13
Rebecca L Hornsey, Paul B Hibbard, Peter Scarfe
Binocular disparity is an important cue to depth, allowing us to make very fine discriminations of the relative depth of objects. In complex scenes, this sensitivity depends on the particular shape and layout of the objects viewed. For example, judgments of the relative depths of points on a smoothly curved surface are less accurate than those for points in empty space. It has been argued that this occurs because depth relationships are represented accurately only within a local spatial area. A consequence of this is that, when judging the relative depths of points separated by depth maxima and minima, information must be integrated across separate local representations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#14
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810025/cost-effectiveness-of-different-techniques-in-hallux-valgus-surgery
#15
Emilio Wagner, Cristian Ortiz, Karen Torres, Ivan Contesse, Omar Vela, Diego Zanolli
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques are available to correct each type of Hallux Valgus (HV) deformity, and all present similar good results. No information is available relative to the cost of each technique compared to their individual success. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness-ratio (CER) of five different techniques for HV. METHODS: We included 245HV surgeries performed in 179 patients. The severity was defined according to radiological parameters...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737436/association-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-capecitabine-efficacy-in-advanced-gastroesophageal-cancer-secondary-analysis-of-the-trio-013-logic-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Michael P Chu, J Randolph Hecht, Dennis Slamon, Zev A Wainberg, Yung-Jue Bang, Paulo M Hoff, Alberto Sobrero, Shukui Qin, Karen Afenjar, Vincent Houe, Karen King, Sheryl Koski, Karen Mulder, Julie Price Hiller, Andrew Scarfe, Jennifer Spratlin, Yingjie J Huang, Saba Khan-Wasti, Neil Chua, Michael B Sawyer
Importance: Capecitabine is an oral cytotoxic chemotherapeutic commonly used across cancer subtypes. As with other oral medications though, it may suffer from drug interactions that could impair its absorption. Objective: To determine if gastric acid suppressants such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may impair capecitabine efficacy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This secondary analysis of TRIO-013, a phase III randomized trial, compares capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CapeOx) with or without lapatinib in 545 patients with ERBB2/HER2-positive metastatic gastroesophageal cancer (GEC); patients were randomized 1:1 between CapeOx with or without lapatinib...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729771/pharmacokinetics-absorption-and-excretion-of-radiolabeled-revexepride-a-phase-i-clinical-trial-using-a-microtracer-and-accelerator-mass-spectrometry-based-approach
#17
Stephen Flach, Marie Croft, Jie Ding, Ron Budhram, Todd Pankratz, Mike Pennick, Graeme Scarfe, Steven Troy, Jay Getsy
PURPOSE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease involves the reflux of gastric and/or duodenal content into the esophagus. Prokinetic therapies, such as the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 agonist revexepride, may aid gastric emptying. This Phase I study evaluated the pharmacokinetics and excretion pathways of [(14)C]revexepride in healthy individuals using a microtracer approach with accelerator mass spectrometry. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Six healthy men received a single oral dose of 2 mg [(14)C]revexepride containing ~200 nCi of radioactivity; blood, urine, and fecal samples were collected over a 10-day period...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679628/increasing-resilience-in-adolescents-the-importance-of-social-connectedness-in-adventure-education-programmes
#18
Damian Scarf, Jillian G Hayhurst, Benjamin C Riordan, Mike Boyes, Ted Ruffman, John A Hunter
OBJECTIVE: Mental health problems are a leading cause of health-related disability during adolescence. The objectives of the current study were to investigate whether participating in an adventure education programme (AEP) increased adolescents' resilience and elucidate how social connectedness contributes to any increase. METHOD: Adolescents who participated in the AEP had their resilience measured on the first (Time 1) and last day (Time 2) of a 10-day voyage...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672017/effectiveness-of-headless-bioabsorbable-screws-for-fixation-of-the-scarf-osteotomy
#19
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660292/comparison-of-postoperative-height-changes-of-the-second-metatarsal-among-3-osteotomy-methods-for-hallux-valgus-deformity-correction
#20
Jun Young Choi, Yu Min Suh, Ji Woong Yeom, Jin Soo Suh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the postoperative height of the second metatarsal head relative to the first metatarsal head using axial radiographs among 3 different commonly used osteotomy techniques: proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO), scarf osteotomy, and distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and clinical findings of the patients with painful callosities under the second metatarsal head, complicated by hallux valgus, who underwent isolated PCMO, scarf osteotomy, or DCMO from February 2005 to January 2015...
January 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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