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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924229/men-work-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review-of-depression-in-male-dominated-industries-and-occupations
#1
REVIEW
Ann M Roche, Ken Pidd, Jane A Fischer, Nicole Lee, Anje Scarfe, Victoria Kostadinov
Among men, depression is often unrecognised and untreated. Men employed in male-dominated industries and occupations may be particularly vulnerable. However, efforts to develop tailored workplace interventions are hampered by lack of prevalence data. A systematic review of studies reporting prevalence rates for depression in male dominated workforce groups was undertaken. Studies were included if they were published between 1990 - June 2012 in English, examined adult workers in male-dominated industries or occupations (> 70% male workforce), and used clinically relevant indicators of depression...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908662/too-cool-symbolic-but-not-iconic-stimuli-impair-4-year-old-children-s-performance-on-the-delay-of-gratification-choice-paradigm
#2
Lisa G Labuschagne, Taylor-Jane Cox, Kaitlyn Brown, Damian Scarf
A common method of improving the performance of children and non-human primates on the delay-of-gratification maintenance paradigm and measures of executive function (e.g., the Less is More task) is to represent the rewards subjects can acquire symbolically. This method, known as symbolic distancing, is thought to lower activation of the "hot" impulsive system and allow the "cool" rational system to dominate processing. Surprisingly, in contrast to its impact on the measures noted above, recent developmental and comparative studies have reported that symbolic distancing has a null or negative impact on performance on the delay-of-gratification choice paradigm...
November 28, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893994/shortening-scarf-osteotomy-for-correction-of-severe-hallux-valgus-does-shortening-affect-the-outcome
#3
Prasad Karpe, Marie C Killen, Raymond D Pollock, Rajiv Limaye
BACKGROUND: Translation and shortening of Scarf osteotomy allows correction of severe hallux valgus deformity. Shortening may result in transfer metatarsalgia. AIM: To evaluate outcome of patients undergoing shortening Scarf osteotomy for severe hallux valgus deformities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (20feet, mean age 58 years) underwent shortening Scarf osteotomy for severe hallux valgus deformities. Outcomes were pre and postoperative AOFAS scores, IM and HV angles, patient satisfaction...
October 26, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888785/hallux-varus-following-scarf-osteotomy
#4
Shahid Akhtar, Sabur Malek, Kartik Hariharan
Hallux varus is an uncommon condition and majority of the cases are iatrogenic. It can occur as a result of any type of hallux valgus correction surgery and in our cases scarf osteotomy is not an exception. Treatment of this complication can be challenging and it is important to understand the factors that cause this deformity before embarking on surgical correction. Four cases of hallux varus following Scarf osteotomy (1% of our total Scarf osteotomy cases) and discuss the salient features of these patients...
September 19, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881621/unusual-case-of-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-using-chloroform
#5
Camille Richeval, Delphine Allorge, Vincent Lopez, Baptiste Boyer, Jean-Michel Gaulier
Despite its well-known sedative properties, chloroform is rarely used for drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) as its administration cannot be achieved without the victim's knowledge: we report an unusual case of DFSA using this solvent. A 26-year-old woman declared that her partner get her to sleep using chloroform the previous night. When she waked up at 3 am, her hands were tied. She immediately suspected violence and sexual penetration. Toxicological blood screening using a liquid chromatography-electrospray coupled tandem mass spectrometry method highlighted the presence of bamifylline and theophylline, two therapeutics of asthma...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824895/binocular-depth-judgments-on-smoothly-curved-surfaces
#6
Rebecca L Hornsey, Paul B Hibbard, Peter Scarfe
Binocular disparity is an important cue to depth, allowing us to make very fine discriminations of the relative depth of objects. In complex scenes, this sensitivity depends on the particular shape and layout of the objects viewed. For example, judgments of the relative depths of points on a smoothly curved surface are less accurate than those for points in empty space. It has been argued that this occurs because depth relationships are represented accurately only within a local spatial area. A consequence of this is that, when judging the relative depths of points separated by depth maxima and minima, information must be integrated across separate local representations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812068/dupatta-long-scarf-related-injuries-in-female-pillion-riders-in-karachi-pakistan
#7
Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood, Anissudin Bhatti, Ayesha Mughal, Ranjeet Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency, type of injuries and reason behind avoidable injuries due to dupatta entrapment in motorcycle wheels among female pillion riders. METHODS: This observational / descriptive study was conducted at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from July 2013 to December 2014, and comprised female patients with dupatta-related motorbike injuries. The patients had injuries around head and neck, face, chest, abdomen, etc. SPSS 11 was used for data analysis...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810025/cost-effectiveness-of-different-techniques-in-hallux-valgus-surgery
#8
Emilio Wagner, Cristian Ortiz, Karen Torres, Ivan Contesse, Omar Vela, Diego Zanolli
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques are available to correct each type of Hallux Valgus (HV) deformity, and all present similar good results. No information is available relative to the cost of each technique compared to their individual success. OBJECTIVE: To determine the cost-effectiveness-ratio (CER) of five different techniques for HV. METHODS: We included 245HV surgeries performed in 179 patients. The severity was defined according to radiological parameters...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737436/association-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-capecitabine-efficacy-in-advanced-gastroesophageal-cancer-secondary-analysis-of-the-trio-013-logic-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Michael P Chu, J Randolph Hecht, Dennis Slamon, Zev A Wainberg, Yung-Jue Bang, Paulo M Hoff, Alberto Sobrero, Shukui Qin, Karen Afenjar, Vincent Houe, Karen King, Sheryl Koski, Karen Mulder, Julie Price Hiller, Andrew Scarfe, Jennifer Spratlin, Yingjie J Huang, Saba Khan-Wasti, Neil Chua, Michael B Sawyer
Importance: Capecitabine is an oral cytotoxic chemotherapeutic commonly used across cancer subtypes. As with other oral medications though, it may suffer from drug interactions that could impair its absorption. Objective: To determine if gastric acid suppressants such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may impair capecitabine efficacy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This secondary analysis of TRIO-013, a phase III randomized trial, compares capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CapeOx) with or without lapatinib in 545 patients with ERBB2/HER2-positive metastatic gastroesophageal cancer (GEC); patients were randomized 1:1 between CapeOx with or without lapatinib...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729771/pharmacokinetics-absorption-and-excretion-of-radiolabeled-revexepride-a-phase-i-clinical-trial-using-a-microtracer-and-accelerator-mass-spectrometry-based-approach
#10
Stephen Flach, Marie Croft, Jie Ding, Ron Budhram, Todd Pankratz, Mike Pennick, Graeme Scarfe, Steven Troy, Jay Getsy
PURPOSE: Gastroesophageal reflux disease involves the reflux of gastric and/or duodenal content into the esophagus. Prokinetic therapies, such as the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 agonist revexepride, may aid gastric emptying. This Phase I study evaluated the pharmacokinetics and excretion pathways of [(14)C]revexepride in healthy individuals using a microtracer approach with accelerator mass spectrometry. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Six healthy men received a single oral dose of 2 mg [(14)C]revexepride containing ~200 nCi of radioactivity; blood, urine, and fecal samples were collected over a 10-day period...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679628/increasing-resilience-in-adolescents-the-importance-of-social-connectedness-in-adventure-education-programmes
#11
Damian Scarf, Jillian G Hayhurst, Benjamin C Riordan, Mike Boyes, Ted Ruffman, John A Hunter
OBJECTIVE: Mental health problems are a leading cause of health-related disability during adolescence. The objectives of the current study were to investigate whether participating in an adventure education programme (AEP) increased adolescents' resilience and elucidate how social connectedness contributes to any increase. METHOD: Adolescents who participated in the AEP had their resilience measured on the first (Time 1) and last day (Time 2) of a 10-day voyage...
September 27, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672017/effectiveness-of-headless-bioabsorbable-screws-for-fixation-of-the-scarf-osteotomy
#12
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660292/comparison-of-postoperative-height-changes-of-the-second-metatarsal-among-3-osteotomy-methods-for-hallux-valgus-deformity-correction
#13
Jun Young Choi, Yu Min Suh, Ji Woong Yeom, Jin Soo Suh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the postoperative height of the second metatarsal head relative to the first metatarsal head using axial radiographs among 3 different commonly used osteotomy techniques: proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO), scarf osteotomy, and distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and clinical findings of the patients with painful callosities under the second metatarsal head, complicated by hallux valgus, who underwent isolated PCMO, scarf osteotomy, or DCMO from February 2005 to January 2015...
September 22, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638211/orthographic-processing-in-pigeons-columba-livia
#14
Damian Scarf, Karoline Boy, Anelisie Uber Reinert, Jack Devine, Onur Güntürkün, Michael Colombo
Learning to read involves the acquisition of letter-sound relationships (i.e., decoding skills) and the ability to visually recognize words (i.e., orthographic knowledge). Although decoding skills are clearly human-unique, given they are seated in language, recent research and theory suggest that orthographic processing may derive from the exaptation or recycling of visual circuits that evolved to recognize everyday objects and shapes in our natural environment. An open question is whether orthographic processing is limited to visual circuits that are similar to our own or a product of plasticity common to many vertebrate visual systems...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614912/a-phase-i-study-to-investigate-the-absorption-pharmacokinetics-and-excretion-of-14-c-prucalopride-after-a-single-oral-dose-in-healthy-volunteers
#15
Stephen Flach, Graeme Scarfe, Jeffrey Dragone, Jie Ding, Mark Seymour, Mike Pennick, Todd Pankratz, Steven Troy, Jay Getsy
PURPOSE: Chronic constipation is a prevalent gastrointestinal disorder globally. It is often treated with medications such as laxatives. Newer therapies to improve gastric motility include the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor-4 agonist prucalopride, which is licensed for the treatment of chronic constipation in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties and excretion of prucalopride in healthy individuals, using a microtracer approach with (14)C radioactivity detection using liquid scintillation counting and accelerator mass spectrometry...
September 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578937/accidental-aspiration-of-head-scarf-pin-in-left-bronchus-piercing-the-lung-parenchyma-a-rare-case-in-a-child
#16
Yusuf Parvez, Mohammed Ashraf Kandath
Foreign body (FB) aspiration is commonly seen in children but less commonly in adolescents. Headscarf pin aspiration is common in Muslim girls, who inappropriately place the pins between their lips while securing the scarf on the head. Bronchoscopy is the treatment modality of choice, and surgery is rarely required. An 11-year-old girl was admitted as a case of accidental aspiration of headscarf pin. X-ray chest showed a radiopaque object in the left bronchus piercing the lung parenchyma. Computed tomography (CT) chest confirmed the diagnosis...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535011/predicting-the-size-of-droplets-produced-through-laplace-pressure-induced-snap-off
#17
Solomon Barkley, Samantha J Scarfe, Eric R Weeks, Kari Dalnoki-Veress
Laplace pressure driven snap-off is a technique that is used to produce droplets for emulsions and microfluidics purposes. Previous predictions of droplet size have assumed a quasi-equilibrium low flow limit. We present a simple model to predict droplet sizes over a wide range of flow rates, demonstrating a rich landscape of droplet stability depending on droplet size and growth rate. The model accounts for the easily adjusted experimental parameters of geometry, interfacial tension, and the viscosities of both phases...
September 21, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494318/echoic-sensory-substitution-information-in-a-single-obstacle-circumvention-task
#18
Andrew J Kolarik, Amy C Scarfe, Brian C J Moore, Shahina Pardhan
Accurate motor control is required when walking around obstacles in order to avoid collisions. When vision is unavailable, sensory substitution can be used to improve locomotion through the environment. Tactile sensory substitution devices (SSDs) are electronic travel aids, some of which indicate the distance of an obstacle using the rate of vibration of a transducer on the skin. We investigated how accurately such an SSD guided navigation in an obstacle circumvention task. Using an SSD, 12 blindfolded participants navigated around a single flat 0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489969/surgical-reconstruction-of-the-forefoot-with-hallux-valgus-associated-with-metatarsus-adductus
#19
Luis M Gordillo-Fernández, Mercedes Ortiz-Romero, Jose Luis S M Salcini Macías, José Valero-Salas, Julia Álvarez-Pérez, Álvaro Fernández-Garzón
Metatarsus adductus is a structural deformity that may be associated with hallux valgus and that may lead to metatarsal pain and functional abnormality of the foot. Correcting hallux valgus is complicated in these cases because of the deviation in adduction of the lesser metatarsals, especially the second metatarsal that occupies the first intermetatarsal space. We report the case of a 49-year-old man who underwent a scarf osteotomy in the first metatarsal, shortening and abductor oblique distal osteotomies of the lesser metatarsals, and arthrodesis of the central toes with Z-lengthening of the capsule and long extensor tendons of the toes...
July 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477178/trichotillomania-bizzare-patern-of-hair-loss-at-11-year-old-girl
#20
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
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