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hen follicle

L Long, S G Wu, F Yuan, H J Zhang, J Wang, G H Qi
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary octacosanol supplementation on laying performance, egg quality, serum hormone levels, and gene expression related to reproductive axis in laying hens to confirm the reproduction-promoting function of octacosanol. In total, 360 Hy-Line Brown (67-wk-old) laying hens were randomly assigned to one of three treatments with 0, 5, and 10 mg octacosanol (extracted from rice bran, purity >92%)/kg feed. The feeding trial lasted for 10 weeks. The results showed that the dietary addition of 5 and 10 mg/kg octacosanol improved feed efficiency by 4...
September 24, 2016: Poultry Science
X Y Zhang, M Y Zhou, L L Li, Y J Jiang, X T Zou
1. The primary objective of this experiment was to estimate the toxic effects of arsenic (As) supplementation in feed on laying performance, As retention of eggs and organs, serum biochemical indices and endocrine hormones in laying hens. 2. A total of 320 "Jinghong Number 1" hens, 56-week-old, were randomly allocated into four treatments of four replicates with 20 layers. Graded arsenical was added to the basal diet at As levels of 0, 17, 34 and 51 mg/kg, respectively, in the experimental diets. The trial lasted for 9 weeks including a 1 week for acclimatization...
September 16, 2016: British Poultry Science
B Felfoldi, A Magyar, N Nagy, I Olah, G T Pharr
The chicken as a research model has a disadvantage compared with the mouse and the human because of the low number of available antibodies against gene products of interest. The goal of this study was to identify the antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody (mAb) GIIF3, which is a 42 kDa protein that appears in follicle-associated epithelium of the guinea hen as well as in different muscle types during chicken embryonic development. The 42 kDa protein, immunoprecipitated from chicken gizzard protein lysates, was evaluated by mass spectrometry...
September 2, 2016: Poultry Science
Zhichao Lyu, Ning Qin, Thobela Louis Tyasi, Hongyan Zhu, Dehui Liu, Shuguo Yuan, Rifu Xu
The Hippo/MST signaling pathway is a critical player in controlling cell proliferation, self-renewal, differentiation, and apoptosis of most tissues and organs in diverse species. Previous studies have shown that Salvador homolog 1 (SAV1), a scaffolding protein which functions in the signaling system is expressed in mammalian ovaries and play a vital role in governing the follicle development. But the exact biological effects of chicken SAV1 in prehierarchical follicle development remain poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrated that the SAV1 protein is predominantly expressed in the oocytes and undifferentiated granulosa cells in the various sized prehierarchical follicles of hen ovary, and the endogenous expression level of SAV1 mRNA appears down-regulated from the primordial follicles to the largest preovulatory follicles (F2-F1) by immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR, respectively...
2016: PloS One
C Salas, R D Ekmay, J A England, S Cerrate, C N Coon
The contribution of dietary, mobilized, or newly synthesized fatty acids in yolk formation at different periods of egg production was determined. In an initial experiment, a single dose of (13)C-linoleic acid was administered to pullets at the onset of egg production and their presence in follicles determined over the subsequent 10 days. In a second experiment, pullets were fed a daily 15 mg dose of U-(13)C-glucose beginning 2 wk prior to sexual maturity through the end of the experimental period. A 50 mg meal of U-(13)C-linoleic acid was orally administered approximately 10 d prior to sexual maturity (defined as first egg) representing body linoleic acid...
July 21, 2016: Poultry Science
C S Stephens, P A Johnson
In the hen, optimal ovulation rate depends on selection of a single follicle into the pre-ovulatory hierarchy. Follicle selection is associated with increased oocyte growth and changes in gene expression in granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte, in preparation for ovulation. This study investigated the expression, function and regulation of bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP15) during follicle development in the hen. BMP15 mRNA expression was analyzed in the ooplasm and granulosa cells of 3mm follicles and was confirmed to be primarily in the ooplasm...
September 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
M Bavarsadi, A H Mahdavi, S Ansari-Mahyari, E Jahanian
This study was carried out to assess the effects of different levels of sanguinarine on antioxidant indices, immunological responses, serum biochemical parameters, ileal microbial counts and jejunal morphology of laying hens fed on diets with different levels of crude protein (CP). A total of 180 laying hens were subjected into nine dietary treatments with four cages of five birds each. Experimental treatments consisted of three levels of CP (85.0, 92.5 and 100% of Hy-Line W36 manual recommendation) and three levels of sanguinarine (0...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
G H Meng, D Song, L B Li, C J Yang, Z X Qu, Y P Gao
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary methionine (Met) supplementation in growth performance and reproductive performance of Jing Brown layer hens. A total of 375 9-week-old Jing Brown layer hens were allocated equally to five treatments consisting of 5 replicates with 15 hens. Hens were fed with a diet of corn and soya bean meal supplemented with 0.23%, 0.27%, 0.31%, 0.35% and 0.39% Met respectively. Different Met levels did not significantly affect average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG) and feed/gain ratio (F/G) (p > 0...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Hen Honig, Lior Ofer, Moshe Kaim, Shamay Jacobi, Dima Shinder, Eran Gershon
The use of ultrasound imaging for the examination of reproductive organs has contributed substantially to the fertility management of dairy cows around the world. This method has many advantages such as noninvasiveness and immediate availability of information. Adding Doppler index to the ultrasound imaging examination, improved the estimation of blood volume and flow rate to the ovaries in general and to the dominant follicle in particular. The aim of this study was to examine changes in the blood flow to the dominant follicle and compare them to the follicular development throughout the cycle...
July 15, 2016: Theriogenology
Dongwon Kim, Alan L Johnson
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) signaling via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is reported to stimulate steroidogenesis in ovarian granulosa cells from a variety of vertebrate species, including the domestic hen. Prior to follicle selection in the hen ovary (i.e., cyclic recruitment) follicle-stimulating-hormone (FSH)-induced cAMP signaling is absent within the granulosa layer until immediately following follicle selection. As a consequence, granulosa cells remain in an undifferentiated state and are unable to initiate FSH-induced steroidogenesis...
May 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Laxmi Yeruva, Nicole E Spencer, Manish K Saraf, Leah Hennings, Anne K Bowlin, Mario A Cleves, Kelly Mercer, Sree V Chintapalli, Kartik Shankar, Roger G Rank, Thomas M Badger, Martin J J Ronis
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with a variety of positive health outcomes in children and is recommended exclusively for the first 6 months of life; however, 50-70 % of infants in the US are formula-fed. To test the hypothesis that immune system development and function in neonates and infants are significantly influenced by diet, 2-day old piglets were fed soy or milk formula (n = 6/group/gender) until day 21 and compared to a sow-fed group (n = 6/gender). METHODS: Histomorphometric analyses of ileum, jejunum and Peyer's patches were carried out, to determine the inflammation status, mRNA and protein expression of pro-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory and growth-related chemokines and cytokines...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Dongwon Kim, Jeeyoung Lee, A L Johnson
Growth and maturation of ovarian follicles in the hen (Gallus gallus) requires a network of blood vessels that increases in complexity during development. The present studies investigate expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF), angiopoietin1 (ANGPT1) and ANGPT2 mRNAs together with their associated receptors (VEGFR and TIE2, respectively) during maturation. Elevated expression of VEGF and its receptors is associated with healthy, compared to atretic, follicles. Levels of VEGF significantly increase, while antagonistic ANGPT2 decrease, in granulosa cells (GC) at follicle selection...
June 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
D R Jones, J Guard, R K Gast, R J Buhr, P J Fedorka-Cray, Z Abdo, J R Plumblee, D V Bourassa, N A Cox, L L Rigsby, C I Robison, P Regmi, D M Karcher
The housing of laying hens is important for social, industrial, and regulatory aspects. Many studies have compared hen housing systems on the research farm, but few have fully examined commercial housing systems and management strategies. The current study compared hens housed in commercial cage-free aviary, conventional cage, and enriched colony cage systems. Environmental and eggshell pool samples were collected from selected cages/segments of the housing systems throughout the production cycle and monitored for Salmonella and Campylobacter prevalence...
May 2016: Poultry Science
Zhenjie Yuan, Yuxia Chen, Qiuyue Chen, Miao Guo, Li Kang, Guiyu Zhu, Yunliang Jiang
Extracelluar matrix undergoes constant remodeling, cell-cell, and cell-matrix interactions during chicken ovarian follicle growth, which is coordinated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and their associated endogenous inhibitors (TIMPs). Transcriptome analysis revealed upregulation of MMP13 in sexually mature chicken ovaries. In this study, we found that the expression of MMP13 in chicken ovary was stably elevated from 60 d to 159 d, and was significantly higher at 159 d than at the other three developmental stages (P < 0...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
R E Caicedo Rivas, M Paz-Calderón Nieto, M Kamiyoshi
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of testosterone (T) and estradiol-17β (E2) on the production of progesterone (P4) by granulosa cells, and of the E2 on the production of P4 and T by theca internal cells. In the first experiment, granulosa cells isolated from the largest (F1) and third largest (F3) preovulatory follicle were incubated for 4 h in short-term culture system, P4 production by granulosa cells of both F1 and F3 was increased in a dose-dependent manner by ovine luteinizing hormone (oLH), but not T or E2...
April 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Uma S Babu, Lisa M Harrison, Isha R Patel, Gerardo A Ramirez, Kristina M Williams, Marion Pereira, Kannan V Balan
In the United States, Salmonella enterica ser. Enteritidis (SE) is among the leading bacterial cause of foodborne illness via consumption of raw or undercooked eggs. The top Salmonella serovars implicated in U.S. foodborne outbreaks associated with chicken consumption include SE, Typhimurium (ST), Heidelberg (SH), Montevideo, Mbandka, Braenderup, and Newport. While enforcement actions target the eradication of SE from layer hens, there is a growing concern that other serovars could occupy this niche and be a cause of egg-transmitted human salmonellosis...
June 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Zu-Chen Liu, Chia-Ming Su, Yi-Lun Xie, Chai-Ju Chang, Jiang-Young Chen, Shu-Wei Wu, Yu-Hui Chen, Rosemary L Walzem, San-Yuan Huang, Shuen-Ei Chen
Meat-type Red-feather country hens fed ad libitum (AD-hens) exhibit obesity-associated morbidities and a number of ovarian irregularities. Leukocyte participations in ovarian activities are unstudied in AD-hens. In contrast to feed-restricted hens (R-hens), ovulatory process of the F1 follicle appeared delayed in AD-hens in association with reduced F1 follicle progesterone content, gelatinase A (MMP-2) and collagenase-3 (MMP-13) activities coincident with elevated IL-1β and no production (P<0.05), and increased leukocyte infiltration of inflamed necrotic follicle walls...
April 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Dagan Mao, Wujiao Bai, Fengming Hui, Liguo Yang, Shaoxian Cao, Yinxue Xu
To investigate the effect of inhibin gene immunization on antibody production and reproductive performance in broiler breeder females, Partridge Shank hens aged 380 days were immunized with inhibin recombinant plasmid pcISI. One hundred and twenty hens were randomly assigned to four groups and treated intramuscularly with 25, 75, or 125 μg/300-μL inhibin recombinant plasmid pcISI (T1∼T3) or 300-μL saline as control (C), respectively. Booster immunization was given with the same dosage 20 days later. Blood and egg samples were collected to detect the antibody against inhibin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and to evaluate egg performance...
April 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Xiaoting Ma, Emily Hayes, Hen Prizant, Rajesh K Srivastava, Stephen R Hammes, Aritro Sen
Obesity is considered detrimental to women's reproductive health. Although most of the attention has been focused on the effects of obesity on hypothalamic function, studies suggest a multifactorial impact. In fact, obesity is associated with reduced fecundity even in women with regular cycles, indicating that there may be local ovarian effects modulating fertility. Here we describe a novel mechanism for leptin actions directly in the ovary that may account for some of the negative effects of obesity on ovarian function...
March 2016: Endocrinology
Lingbin Liu, Diyan Li, Elizabeth R Gilbert, Qihai Xiao, Xiaoling Zhao, Yan Wang, Huadong Yin, Qing Zhu
Artificial illumination is widely used in modern poultry houses and different wavelengths of light affect poultry production and behaviour. In this study, we measure mRNA and protein abundance of estrogen receptors (ERs) and progesterone receptors (PRs) in order to investigate the effect of monochromatic light on egg production traits and gonadal hormone function in chicken ovarian follicles. Five hundred and fifty-two 19-wk-old laying hens were exposed to three monochromatic lights: red (RL; 660 nm), green (GL; 560 nm), blue (BL; 480 nm) and control cool white (400-760 nm) light with an LED (light-emitting diode)...
2015: PloS One
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