Read by QxMD icon Read

histone ubiquitination

Fei Lu, Xiaojun Wu, Feng Yin, Christina Chia-Fang Lee, Min Yu, Ivailo S Mihaylov, Jiekai Yu, Hong Sun, Hui Zhang
DNA replication licensing occurs on chromatin, but how the chromatin template is regulated for replication remains mostly unclear. Here, we have analyzed the requirement of histone methyltransferases for a specific type of replication: the DNA re-replication induced by the downregulation of either Geminin, an inhibitor of replication licensing protein CDT1, or the CRL4CDT2 ubiquitin E3 ligase. We found that siRNA-mediated reduction of essential components of the MLL-WDR5-RBBP5 methyltransferase complexes including WDR5 or RBBP5, which transfer methyl groups to histone H3 at K4 (H3K4), suppressed DNA re-replication and chromosomal polyploidy...
October 15, 2016: Biology Open
Shengyuan Zeng, Yangyang Wang, Ting Zhang, Lu Bai, Yalan Wang, Changzhu Duan
UHRF2 is a ubiquitin-protein ligase E3 that regulates cell cycle, genomic stability and epigenetics. We conducted a co-immunoprecipitation assay and found that TIP60 and HDAC1 interact with UHRF2. We previously demonstrated that UHRF2 regulated H3K9ac and H3K14ac differentially in normal and cancer cells. However, the accurate signal transduction mechanisms were not clear. In this study, we found that TIP60 acted downstream of UHRF2 to regulate H3K9ac and H3K14ac expression. TIP60 is stabilized in normal cells by UHRF2 ubiquitination...
October 14, 2016: Protein & Cell
Hideaki Nakajima
Epigenetic marks, such as histone modifications or DNA methylation, regulate tissue specific gene expression by affecting the structures and accessibility of chromatin or DNA. Epigenetics, the molecular mechanisms regulating the epigenome, would therefore be critically involved in development and cell differentiation versus proliferation. Histone modifications include methylation, acetylation, phosphorylation and ubiquitination of specific lysine, arginine or serine residues on histone tails, and each modification has its own specific effect on gene expressions...
2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Aerin Yang, Sura Ha, Jihye Ahn, Rira Kim, Sungyoon Kim, Younghoon Lee, Jaehoon Kim, Dieter Söll, Hee-Yoon Lee, Hee-Sung Park
Many essential biological processes are controlled by post-translational protein modifications. The inability to synthetically attain the diversity enabled by these modifications limits functional studies of many proteins. We designed a three-step approach for installing authentic post-translational modifications into recombinant proteins. We first used the established O-phosphoserine (Sep) orthogonal translation system to create a Sep-containing recombinant protein. The Sep residue is then dephosphorylated to dehydroalanine (Dha)...
September 29, 2016: Science
Delphine Albrecht, Johanna Ceschin, Jim Dompierre, Florian Gueniot, Benoît Pinson, Bertrand Daignan-Fornier
Identifying synthetic lethal interactions has emerged as a promising new therapeutic approach aimed at targeting cancer cells directly. Here, we used the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a simple eukaryotic model to screen for mutations resulting in a synthetic lethality with 5-Amino-4-Imidazole CarboxAmide Ribonucleoside (AICAR) treatment. Indeed, AICAR has been reported to inhibit the proliferation of multiple cancer cell lines. Here, we found that loss of several histone-modifying enzymes, including Bre1 (histone H2B ubiquitination) and Set1 (histone H3 lysine 4 methylation), greatly enhanced AICAR inhibition on growth via combined-effects of both the drug and the mutations on G1 cyclins...
October 5, 2016: Genetics
Nathan R Rose, Hamish W King, Neil P Blackledge, Nadezda A Fursova, Katherine Ji Ember, Roman Fischer, Benedikt M Kessler, Robert J Klose
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins function as chromatin-based transcriptional repressors that are essential for normal gene regulation during development. However, how these systems function to achieve transcriptional regulation remains very poorly understood. Here, we discover that the histone H2AK119 E3 ubiquitin ligase activity of Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) is defined by the composition of its catalytic subunits and is highly regulated by RYBP/YAF2-dependent stimulation. In mouse embryonic stem cells, RYBP plays a central role in shaping H2AK119 mono-ubiquitylation at PcG targets and underpins an activity-based communication between PRC1 and Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) which is required for normal histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3)...
October 5, 2016: ELife
Gregory Segala, Marcela A Bennesch, Deo Prakash Pandey, Nicolas Hulo, Didier Picard
Covalent modifications of histones play a crucial role in the regulation of gene expression. Histone H2B monoubiquitination has mainly been described as a regulator of transcription elongation, but its role in transcription initiation is poorly documented. We investigated the role of this histone mark (H2Bub1) on different inducible enhancers, in particular those regulated by estrogen receptor α, by loss- and gain-of-function experiments with the specific E3-ubiquitin ligase complex of H2B: RNF20/RNF40. RNF20/RNF40 overexpression causes repression of the induced activity of these enhancers...
September 15, 2016: Molecular Cell
Caroline E Weller, Abhinav Dhall, Feizhi Ding, Edlaine Linares, Samuel D Whedon, Nicholas A Senger, Elizabeth L Tyson, John D Bagert, Xiaosong Li, Ohara Augusto, Champak Chatterjee
Access to protein substrates homogenously modified by ubiquitin (Ub) is critical for biophysical and biochemical investigations aimed at deconvoluting the myriad biological roles for Ub. Current chemical strategies for protein ubiquitylation, however, employ temporary ligation auxiliaries that are removed under harsh denaturing conditions and have limited applicability. We report an unprecedented aromatic thiol-mediated N-O bond cleavage and its application towards native chemical ubiquitylation with the ligation auxiliary 2-aminooxyethanethiol...
2016: Nature Communications
Chao Luo, Xiao-Teng Cai, Jin Du, Tao-Lan Zhao, Peng-Fei Wang, Ping-Xia Zhao, Rui Liu, Qi Xie, Xiao-Feng Cao, Cheng-Bin Xiang
Oxidative stress is unavoidable for aerobic organisms. When abiotic and biotic stresses are encountered, oxidative damage could occur in cells. To avoid this damage, defense mechanisms must be timely and efficiently modulated. While the response to oxidative stress has been extensively studied in plants, little is known about how the activated response is switched off when oxidative stress is diminished. By studying Arabidopsis mutant paraquat tolerance3, we identified the genetic locus PARAQUAT TOLERANCE3 (PQT3) as a major negative regulator of oxidative stress tolerance...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
Kok Siong Yeo, Ming Cheang Tan, Wan Ying Wong, Sheng Wei Loh, Yi Lyn Lam, Chin Leng Tan, Yat-Yuen Lim, Chee-Kwee Ea
TNF-induced signaling mediates pleiotropic biological consequences including inflammation, immunity, cell proliferation and apoptosis. Misregulation of TNF signaling has been attributed as a major cause of chronic inflammatory diseases and cancer. Jumonji domain-containing protein 8 (JMJD8) belongs to the JmjC family. However, only part of the family members has been described as hydroxylase enzymes that function as histone demethylases. Here, we report that JMJD8 positively regulates TNF-induced NF-κB signaling...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sarah M Rösler, Katharina Kramer, Iris Finkemeier, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Bettina Tudzynski
Post-translational modification of histones is a crucial mode of transcriptional regulation in eukaryotes. A well-described acetylation modifier of certain lysine residues is the Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase (SAGA) complex assembled around the histone acetyltransferase Gcn5 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We identified and characterized the SAGA complex in the rice pathogen Fusarium fujikuroi, well-known for producing a large variety of secondary metabolites (SMs). By using a co-immunoprecipitation approach, almost all of the S...
September 19, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Nicole R Wilson, Mark Hochstrasser
Protein modification by the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) protein regulates numerous cellular pathways and mounting evidence reveals a critical role for SUMO in modulating gene expression. Dynamic sumoylation of transcription factors, chromatin-modifying enzymes, histones, and other chromatin-associated factors significantly affects the transcriptional status of the eukaryotic genome. Recent studies have employed high-throughput ChIP-Seq analyses to gain clues regarding the role of the SUMO pathway in regulating chromatin-based transactions...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kun Zhu, Pin-Ji Lei, Lin-Gao Ju, Xiang Wang, Kai Huang, Bo Yang, Changwei Shao, Yuan Zhu, Gang Wei, Xiang-Dong Fu, Lianyun Li, Min Wu
Trimethylation of histone H3K36 is a chromatin mark associated with active gene expression, which has been implicated in coupling transcription with mRNA splicing and DNA damage response. SETD2 is a major H3K36 trimethyltransferase, which has been implicated as a tumor suppressor in mammals. Here, we report the regulation of SETD2 protein stability by the proteasome system, and the identification of SPOP, a key subunit of the CUL3 ubiquitin E3 ligase complex, as a SETD2-interacting protein. We demonstrate that SPOP is critically involved in SETD2 stability control and that the SPOP/CUL3 complex is responsible for SETD2 polyubiquitination both in vivo and in vitro ChIP-Seq analysis and biochemical experiments demonstrate that modulation of SPOP expression confers differential H3K36me3 on SETD2 target genes, and induce H3K36me3-coupled alternative splicing events...
September 9, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Laura D Gallego, Medini Ghodgaonkar Steger, Anton A Polyansky, Tobias Schubert, Bojan Zagrovic, Ning Zheng, Tim Clausen, Franz Herzog, Alwin Köhler
Cotranscriptional ubiquitination of histone H2B is key to gene regulation. The yeast E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 (human RNF20/40) pairs with the E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme Rad6 to monoubiquitinate H2B at Lys123. How this single lysine residue on the nucleosome core particle (NCP) is targeted by the Rad6-Bre1 machinery is unknown. Using chemical cross-linking and mass spectrometry, we identified the functional interfaces of Rad6, Bre1, and NCPs in a defined in vitro system. The Bre1 RING domain cross-links exclusively with distinct regions of histone H2B and H2A, indicating a spatial alignment of Bre1 with the NCP acidic patch...
September 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Joseph S Harrison, Evan M Cornett, Dennis Goldfarb, Paul A DaRosa, Zimeng M Li, Feng Yan, Bradley M Dickson, Angela H Guo, Daniel V Cantu, Lilia Kaustov, Peter J Brown, Cheryl H Arrowsmith, Dorothy A Erie, Michael B Major, Rachel E Klevit, Krzysztof Krajewski, Brian Kuhlman, Brian D Strahl, Scott B Rothbart
The epigenetic inheritance of DNA methylation requires UHRF1, a histone- and DNA-binding RING E3 ubiquitin ligase that recruits DNMT1 to sites of newly replicated DNA through ubiquitylation of histone H3. UHRF1 binds DNA with selectivity towards hemi-methylated CpGs (HeDNA); however, the contribution of HeDNA sensing to UHRF1 function remains elusive. Here, we reveal that the interaction of UHRF1 with HeDNA is required for DNA methylation but is dispensable for chromatin interaction, which is governed by reciprocal positive cooperativity between the UHRF1 histone- and DNA-binding domains...
2016: ELife
Santosh Kumar Goru, Almesh Kadakol, Anuradha Pandey, Vajir Malek, Nisha Sharma, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
Hyperglycaemia-induced expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components plays a major role in the development diabetic nephropathy (DN). The epigenetic mechanisms that modulate ECM gene expression in DN remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the role of histone H2A and H2B mono-ubiquitination on epigenetic chromatin marks such as histone H3 lysine dimethylation (H3K4Me2, H3K9Me2 and H3K79Me2) in type 1 diabetic rat kidney. Hyperglycaemia increased collagen deposition and Col1a1 gene expression. In whole kidney of diabetic animals, both H2AK119 mono-ubiquitination (H2AK119Ub) and H2BK120 mono-ubiquitination (H2BK120Ub) were found to be increased whereas, in glomeruli of diabetic animals expression of both H2AK119Ub and H2BK120Ub were reduced...
August 31, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Huan-Bin Shi, Guo-Qing Chen, Ya-Ping Chen, Bo Dong, Jian-Ping Lu, Xiao-Hong Liu, Fu-Cheng Lin
The ubiquitin system modulates protein functions through targeting substrates for ubiquitination. Here, E2 conjugating enzyme MoRad6-related ubiquitination pathways are identified and analyzed in Magnaporthe oryzae, the causal agent of rice blast disease. Disruption of MoRad6 leads to severe defects in growth, sporulation, conidial germination, appressorium formation, and plant infection. To depict the functions of MoRad6, three putative ubiquitin ligases, MoRad18, MoBre1 and MoUbr1, are also characterized...
August 31, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Martina Foglizzo, Adam J Middleton, Catherine L Day
Monoubiquitylation of histone H2B is a post-translational mark that plays key roles in regulation of transcription and genome stability. In humans, attachment of ubiquitin to lysine 120 of histone H2B depends on the activity of the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, Ube2B, and the really interesting new gene (RING) E3 ligases, RING finger protein (RNF) 20 and RNF40. To better understand the molecular basis of this modification, we have solved the crystal structure of the RNF20 RING domain and show that it is a homodimer that specifically interacts with the Ube2B~Ub conjugate...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Yang Duan, Dawei Huo, Jie Gao, Heng Wu, Zheng Ye, Zhe Liu, Kai Zhang, Lin Shan, Xing Zhou, Yue Wang, Dongxue Su, Xiang Ding, Lei Shi, Yan Wang, Yongfeng Shang, Chenghao Xuan
Whether transcriptional regulators are functionally involved in mitosis is a fundamental question in cell biology. Here we report that the RNF20/40 complex, a major ubiquitin ligase catalysing histone H2B monoubiquitination, interacts with the motor protein Eg5 during mitosis and participates in spindle assembly. We show that the RNF20/40 complex monoubiquitinates and stabilizes Eg5. Loss of RNF20/40 results in spindle assembly defects, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Consistently, depletion of either RNF20/40 or Eg5 suppresses breast cancer in vivo...
2016: Nature Communications
Ana García-Aguilar, Carlos Guillén, Mark Nellist, Alberto Bartolomé, Manuel Benito
There is a growing evidence of the role of protein acetylation in different processes controlling metabolism. Sirtuins (histone deacetylases nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent) activate autophagy playing a protective role in cell homeostasis. This study analyzes tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC2) lysine acetylation, in the regulation of mTORC1 signaling activation, autophagy and cell proliferation. Nicotinamide 5mM (a concentration commonly used to inhibit SIRT1), increased TSC2 acetylation in its N-terminal domain, and concomitantly with an augment in its ubiquitination protein status, leading to mTORC1 activation and cell proliferation...
August 16, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"