Read by QxMD icon Read

NAD+ increase AND supplements

Christoph Bisig, Michèle Roth, Loretta Müller, Pierre Comte, Norbert Heeb, Andreas Mayer, Jan Czerwinski, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser
Ethanol can be produced from biomass and as such is renewable, unlike petroleum-based fuel. Almost all gasoline cars can drive with fuel containing 10% ethanol (E10), flex-fuel cars can even use 85% ethanol (E85). Brazil and the USA already include 10-27% ethanol in their standard fuel by law. Most health effect studies on car emissions are however performed with diesel exhausts, and only few data exists for other fuels. In this work we investigated possible toxic effects of exhaust aerosols from ethanol-gasoline blends using a multi-cellular model of the human lung...
September 23, 2016: Environmental Research
Karim Gariani, Dongryeol Ryu, Keir J Menzies, Hyon-Seung Yi, Sokrates Stein, Hongbo Zhang, Alessia Perino, Vera Lemos, Elena Katsyuba, Pooja Jha, Sandrine Vijgen, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Yong Kyung Kim, Jung Tae Kim, Koon Soon Kim, Minho Shong, Kristina Schoonjans, Johan Auwerx
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, no pharmacological therapy has been approved for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in mouse models of NAFLD. METHODS: As poly ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) of proteins by PARPs consumes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), we hypothesized that overactivation of PARPs drives NAD(+) depletion in NAFLD. Therefore, we assessed the effectiveness of PARP inhibition to replenish NAD(+) and activate NAD(+)-dependent sirtuins, hence improving hepatic fatty acid oxidation...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Golam M Uddin, Neil A Youngson, David A Sinclair, Margaret J Morris
Obesity is well known to be a major cause of several chronic metabolic diseases, which can be partially counteracted by exercise. This is due, in part, to an upregulation of mitochondrial activity through increased nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)). Recent studies have shown that NAD(+) levels can be increased by using the NAD(+) precursor, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) leading to the suggestion that NMN could be a useful intervention in diet related metabolic disorders. In this study we compared the metabolic, and especially mitochondrial-associated, effects of exercise and NMN in ameliorating the consequences of high-fat diet (HFD) induced obesity in mice...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Kilmer S McCully
Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for development of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and low blood levels of folate and cobalamin are associated with hyperhomocysteinemia and AD. In elderly subjects with cognitive decline, supplementation with folate, cobalamin, and pyridoxal demonstrated reduction of cerebral atrophy in gray matter regions vulnerable to the AD process. Multiple pathogenic microbes are implicated as pathogenic factors in AD and atherosclerosis, and the deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ), phosphorylation of tau protein, neuronal injury, and apoptosis in AD are secondary to microbial infection...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Chia George Hsu, Thomas J Burkholder
The balance of ATP production and consumption is reflected in adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) content and has been associated with phenotypic plasticity in striated muscle. Some studies have suggested that AMPK-dependent plasticity may be an indirect consequence of increased NAD synthesis and SIRT1 activity. The primary goal of this study was to assess the interaction of AMP- and NAD-dependent signaling in adaptation of C2C12 myotubes. Changes in myotube developmental and metabolic gene expression were compared following incubation with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) and nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) to activate AMPK- and NAD-related signaling...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Jun Chen, Shudong Wang, Manyu Luo, Zhiguo Zhang, Xiaozhen Dai, Maiying Kong, Lu Cai, Yuehui Wang, Bingyin Shi, Yi Tan
Obesity has become a common public health problem in the world and raises the risk of various cardiovascular diseases. Zinc is essential for multiple organs in terms of normal structure and function. The present study investigated the effects of high fat diet (HFD) induced obesity on the aorta in mice, and evaluated whether it can be affected by zinc deficiency or supplementation. Four-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were fed HFD with varied amounts of zinc (deficiency, adequate and supplementation) for 3 and 6 months...
September 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Si Chen, Zhuhong Zhang, Tao Qing, Zhen Ren, Dianke Yu, Letha Couch, Baitang Ning, Nan Mei, Leming Shi, William H Tolleson, Lei Guo
Many usnic acid-containing dietary supplements have been marketed as weight loss agents, although severe hepatotoxicity and acute liver failure have been associated with their overuse. Our previous mechanistic studies revealed that autophagy, disturbance of calcium homeostasis, and ER stress are involved in usnic acid-induced toxicity. In this study, we investigated the role of oxidative stress and the Nrf2 signaling pathway in usnic acid-induced toxicity in HepG2 cells. We found that a 24-h treatment with usnic acid caused DNA damage and S-phase cell cycle arrest in a concentration-dependent manner...
July 1, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Eun Jung Park, Young Min Kim, Hye Jung Kim, Se-Yun Jang, Moo Hyun Oh, Duck-Hyung Lee, Ki Churl Chang
Obesity-associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases coagulation and inflammation. We hypothesized that (S)YS-51, an agent found to be beneficial in animal models of sepsis, may reduce NAFLD in high-fat diet (HFD) mice by reducing coagulation and inflammation. C57BL/6 mice were fed either a chow diet or HFD and each was supplemented with or without (S)YS-51 (10mg/kg, daily, i.p.) for 16 weeks. The results showed that HFD caused significant increases in lipogenesis [CD36, fatty acid synthase (FAS) and sterol response element binding protein (SREBP)-1c mRNA and protein], inflammation [monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), TGF-β, and procollagen type 1 mRNA, macrophage infiltration] and coagulation [tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) mRNA and thrombin antithrombin complex (TAT)] in the liver, adipose tissue and serum, which were significantly reduced by (S)YS-51...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Ivan Orlandi, Damiano Pellegrino Coppola, Maurizio Strippoli, Rossella Ronzulli, Marina Vai
Nicotinamide (NAM), a form of vitamin B3, is a byproduct and noncompetitive inhibitor of the deacetylation reaction catalyzed by Sirtuins. These represent a family of evolutionarily conserved NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases that are well-known critical regulators of metabolism and aging and whose founding member is Sir2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here, we investigated the effects of NAM supplementation in the context of yeast chronological aging, the established model for studying aging of postmitotic quiescent mammalian cells...
June 16, 2016: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Gou-Chun Chen, Hui-Min Su, Yu-Shun Lin, Po-Yen Tsou, Jong-Ho Chyuan, Pei-Min Chao
α-Eleostearic acid (α-ESA), or the cis-9, trans-11, trans-13 isomer of conjugated linolenic acid, is a special fatty acid present at high levels in bitter melon seed oil. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of α-ESA on hepatic lipid metabolism. Using H4IIEC3 hepatoma cell line, we showed that α-ESA significantly lowered intracellular triglyceride accumulation compared to α-linolenic acid (LN), used as a fatty acid control, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The effects of α-ESA on enzyme activities and mRNA profiles in H4IIEC3 cells suggested that enhanced fatty acid oxidation and lowered lipogenesis were involved in α-ESA-mediated triglyceride lowering effects...
July 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Samuel A J Trammell, Benjamin J Weidemann, Ankita Chadda, Matthew S Yorek, Amey Holmes, Lawrence J Coppey, Alexander Obrosov, Randy H Kardon, Mark A Yorek, Charles Brenner
Male C57BL/6J mice raised on high fat diet (HFD) become prediabetic and develop insulin resistance and sensory neuropathy. The same mice given low doses of streptozotocin are a model of type 2 diabetes (T2D), developing hyperglycemia, severe insulin resistance and diabetic peripheral neuropathy involving sensory and motor neurons. Because of suggestions that increased NAD(+) metabolism might address glycemic control and be neuroprotective, we treated prediabetic and T2D mice with nicotinamide riboside (NR) added to HFD...
May 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xinyao Lu, Xiaomeng Fu, Hong Zong, Bin Zhuge
1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PD) is a valuable platform compound. Many studies have shown that the supplement of NADH plays a key role in the bioproduction of 1,3-PD from Klebsiella pneumoniae. In this study, the xylA and xylB genes from Escherichia coli were overexpressed individually or simultaneously in K. pneumoniae to improve the production of 1,3-PD by cofermentation of glycerol and xylose. Compared with the parent strain, the xylose consumption was significantly increased by the introduction of these two genes...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Zhu-Qing Yang, Lin-Bin Bao, Xiang-Hui Zhao, Can-Yu Wang, Shan Zhou, Lu-Hua Wen, Chuan-Bian Fu, Jian-Ming Gong, Ming-Ren Qu
Nicotinic acid (NA) acting as the precursor of NAD(+)/NADH and NADP(+)/NADPH, participates in many biochemical processes, e.g. lipid metabolism. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary NA on carcass traits, meat quality, blood metabolites, and fat deposition in Chinese crossbred finishing steers. Sixteen steers with the similar body weight and at the age of 24 months were randomly allocated into control group (feeding basal diet) and NA group (feeding basal diet + 1000 mg/kg NA)...
June 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Seiki Takeno, Kazumasa Hori, Sachiko Ohtani, Akinori Mimura, Satoshi Mitsuhashi, Masato Ikeda
We have recently developed a Corynebacterium glutamicum strain that generates NADPH via the glycolytic pathway by replacing endogenous NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapA) with a nonphosphorylating NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapN) from Streptococcus mutans. Strain RE2, a suppressor mutant spontaneously isolated for its improved growth on glucose from the engineered strain, was proven to be a high-potential host for l-lysine production (Takeno et al., 2010)...
September 2016: Metabolic Engineering
Jin-Sung Park, Brianada Koentjoro, Ryan L Davis, Carolyn M Sue
BACKGROUND: Kufor-Rakeb syndrome (KRS) is an autosomal recessive, juvenile-onset Parkinson's disease (PD) caused by loss-of-function mutations in ATP13A2 (PARK9). Impaired energy metabolism is considered a pathogenic mechanism in PD and mitochondrial dysfunction resulting from Zn(2+) dyshomeostasis has been found in KRS patient-derived cells. In addition to mitochondrial energy production, glycolysis plays an important role in cellular energy metabolism and glucose hypometabolism has been reported in PD...
June 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
S Lehmann, A C Costa, I Celardo, S H Y Loh, L M Martins
The co-enzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) is an essential co-factor for cellular energy generation in mitochondria as well as for DNA repair mechanisms in the cell nucleus involving NAD(+)-consuming poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs). Mitochondrial function is compromised in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD) associated with PARKIN mutations. Here, we uncovered alterations in NAD(+) salvage metabolism in Drosophila parkin mutants. We show that a dietary supplementation with the NAD(+) precursor nicotinamide rescues mitochondrial function and is neuroprotective...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Benjamin A Harlan, Mariana Pehar, Deep R Sharma, Gyda Beeson, Craig C Beeson, Marcelo R Vargas
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) participates in redox reactions and NAD(+)-dependent signaling pathways. Although the redox reactions are critical for efficient mitochondrial metabolism, they are not accompanied by any net consumption of the nucleotide. On the contrary, NAD(+)-dependent signaling processes lead to its degradation. Three distinct families of enzymes consume NAD(+) as substrate: poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases, ADP-ribosyl cyclases (CD38 and CD157), and sirtuins (SIRT1-7). Because all of the above enzymes generate nicotinamide as a byproduct, mammalian cells have evolved an NAD(+) salvage pathway capable of resynthesizing NAD(+) from nicotinamide...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mei T Tran, Zsuzsanna K Zsengeller, Anders H Berg, Eliyahu V Khankin, Manoj K Bhasin, Wondong Kim, Clary B Clish, Isaac E Stillman, S Ananth Karumanchi, Eugene P Rhee, Samir M Parikh
The energetic burden of continuously concentrating solutes against gradients along the tubule may render the kidney especially vulnerable to ischaemia. Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects 3% of all hospitalized patients. Here we show that the mitochondrial biogenesis regulator, PGC1α, is a pivotal determinant of renal recovery from injury by regulating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) biosynthesis. Following renal ischaemia, Pgc1α(-/-) (also known as Ppargc1a(-/-)) mice develop local deficiency of the NAD precursor niacinamide (NAM, also known as nicotinamide), marked fat accumulation, and failure to re-establish normal function...
March 24, 2016: Nature
Natalie E de Picciotto, Lindsey B Gano, Lawrence C Johnson, Christopher R Martens, Amy L Sindler, Kathryn F Mills, Shin-Ichiro Imai, Douglas R Seals
We tested the hypothesis that supplementation of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), a key NAD(+) intermediate, increases arterial SIRT1 activity and reverses age-associated arterial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Old control mice (OC) had impaired carotid artery endothelium-dependent dilation (EDD) (60 ± 5% vs. 84 ± 2%), a measure of endothelial function, and nitric oxide (NO)-mediated EDD (37 ± 4% vs. 66 ± 6%), compared with young mice (YC). This age-associated impairment in EDD was restored in OC by the superoxide (O2-) scavenger TEMPOL (82 ± 7%)...
June 2016: Aging Cell
Songhee H Kim, Byung-Gee Kim
While glutamate and glutamate-rich compounds are widely used for culturing Streptomyces sp., little is known regarding glutamate catabolism at molecular level. Noting the presence of two distinct putative glutamate dehydrogenases (GDH), we constructed knockout mutants of each gene with Streptomyces coelicolor M145 and examined the functionality related to antibiotic production. Out of the two, the sco2999 knockout (ΔgdhB, NAD(+)-specific) showed outstanding effects; it decreased the growth sevenfold but initiated the undecylprodigiosin (RED) production in complex Difco nutrient media which otherwise does not support the production from M145...
June 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"