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Intracoronary imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081214/cold-pressor-stress-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-myocardial-flow-reserve-is-not-useful-for-detection-of-coronary-endothelial-dysfunction-in-women-with-signs-and-symptoms-of-ischemia-and-no-obstructive-cad
#1
Sofy Landes, Sherwin Dela Cruz, Janet Wei, Ahmed AlBadri, Chrisandra Shufelt, Puja Mehta, Louise E Thomson, Marcio A Diniz, Xiao Zhang, John W Petersen, R David Anderson, Carl J Pepine, Daniel S Berman, C Noel Bairey Merz
BACKGROUND: Coronary endothelial function testing using acetylcholine is not routinely available, while non-pharmacological cold pressor testing (CPT) is considered an endothelial stressor. Noninvasive cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) can detect coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD). We evaluated if CPT stress CMRI MPRI could detect invasive coronary endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Coronary reactivity testing was performed in 189 women with symptoms and signs of ischemic but no obstructive coronary artery disease as previously described plus CPT stress...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067196/management-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-young-patients-by-limiting-implantation-of-durable-intracoronary-devices-and-guided-by-optical-frequency-domain-imaging-proof-of-concept-study
#2
Nicolas Combaret, Géraud Souteyrand, Nicolas Barber-Chamoux, Guilhem Malcles, Aimé Amonchot, Bruno Pereira, Louis Le Bivic, Romain Eschalier, Romain Trésorier, Pascal Motreff
AIMS: To demonstrate the feasibility and safety of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) management in young patients by limiting implantation of durable intracoronary devices (using bioresorbable stent or medical treatment alone). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients <50 years admitted for STEMI with single vessel disease received a two-stage management strategy. During a second coronary angiography performed between day 2 and day 7, optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) enabled to guide therapeutic management: i) in the case of a stenosis greater that 70% or plaque prolapse, implantation of a BVS; ii) in the other cases, continuation of medical management alone without stenting...
January 10, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057798/intracoronary-imaging
#3
Alessandra Giavarini, Ismail Dogu Kilic, Alfredo Redondo Diéguez, Giovanni Longo, Isabelle Vandormael, Nilesh Pareek, Ritesh Kanyal, Ranil De Silva, Carlo Di Mario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056234/-effect-of-intracoronary-autologous-bone-marrow-mononuclear-cells-transplantation-on-arrhythmia-in-canines
#4
J Tang, G Y Sun, T Chen, Y D Wang, J Zhang, X Q Qi
Objective: To observe the survival and the differentiation of grafted bone marrow cells (BM-MNCs) in host myocardium. To observe whether BM-MNCs transplantation can potentially cause arrhythmia and whether the BM-MNCs transplantation can alter the spatial distribution of connexins, important mediator for arrhythmia genesis after myocardial infarction. Methods: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was induced by left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation in hybrid canine. BM-MNCs suspension was prepared by density centrifugation...
December 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047196/th-ab-207a-11-anatomical-and-functional-assessment-of-coronary-artery-disease-using-low-dose-whole-organ-dynamic-computed-tomography
#5
L Hubbard, B Ziemer, J Lipinski, S Malkasian, B Sadeghi, H Javan, B Dertli, E M Groves, S Molloi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of a low-dose, first-pass-analysis (FPA) dynamic computed tomography angiography and perfusion (CTAP) technique, for whole-organ anatomical and functional assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: An angioplasty balloon was advanced into the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery of five swine (35-45 kg) to induce several levels of stenosis at maximal hyperemia (intracoronary adenosine, 240 µg/min). Reference fluorescence microspheres and intravenous contrast (370 mg/mL iodine, 25 mL, 7 mL/s) were injected centrally and dynamic imaging was performed using a 320-slice CT scanner at 100 kVp and 200 mA...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038808/recurrent-in-stent-restenosis-certainty-of-its-origin-uncertainty-about-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Davide Piraino, Giuliana Cimino, Dario Buccheri, Gregory Dendramis, Giuseppe Andolina, Bernardo Cortese
Treatment of recurrent in-stent restenosis is a real brainteaser for the interventional cardiologist who cannot resort to the guidelines to have indications about the type of treatment to be preferred. The use of intracoronary imaging may provide insights into the underlying mechanisms of this complication and use of drug-coated balloons may be a valid alternative and especially a thoughtful treatment when the repeated and perseverant use of drug-eluting stents clearly fails. In this setting, we present a review of the literature about this interesting topic, going deep into the heart of the problem, its origin and possible treatment options...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018710/single-cardiac-cycle-three-dimensional-intracoronary-optical-coherence-tomography
#7
Tae Shik Kim, Hyun-Sang Park, Sun-Joo Jang, Joon Woo Song, Han Saem Cho, Sunwon Kim, Brett E Bouma, Jin Won Kim, Wang-Yuhl Oh
While high-speed intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides three-dimensional (3D) visualization of coronary arteries in vivo, imaging speeds remain insufficient to avoid motion artifacts induced by heartbeat, limiting the clinical utility of OCT. In this paper, we demonstrate development of a high-speed intracoronary OCT system (frame rate: 500 frames/s, pullback speed: 100 mm/s) along with prospective electrocardiogram (ECG) triggering technology, which enabled volumetric imaging of long coronary segments within a single cardiac cycle (70 mm pullback in 0...
December 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017925/intravascular-ultrasound-and-near-infrared-spectroscopic-features-of-coronary-lesions-with-intraplaque-haemorrhage
#8
Mitsuaki Matsumura, Gary S Mintz, Soo-Jin Kang, Stephen T Sum, Sean P Madden, Allen P Burke, James Goldstein, Rupa Parvataneni, Gregg W Stone, James E Muller, Renu Virmani, Akiko Maehara
AIMS: Intraplaque haemorrhage is considered a major contributor to lesion progression. We assessed coronary lesions with intraplaque haemorrhage using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated coronary arteries from autopsy hearts using 40MHz IVUS and NIRS and compared the imaging findings to histopathology. A total of 2324 2-mm long histological segments from 101 coronary arteries from 56 autopsy hearts were included...
December 25, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012553/comparison-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#9
REVIEW
Syed Yaseen Naqvi, Jordan Klein, Tisa Saha, Daniel J McCormick, Sheldon Goldberg
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) decreases mortality in patients with significant left main (LM) coronary artery disease and for years remained the therapy of choice for patients with this ominous lesion. Advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have enabled it to become an alternative to CABG. The results of observational registries and randomized comparisons have shown the safety and efficacy of PCI in appropriately selected patients with low or intermediate angiographic risk scores. Furthermore, the use of physiological measures of flow limitation and the use of intracoronary imaging techniques has added benefit and improved outcomes...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007746/optical-coherence-tomography-to-evaluate-plaque-burden-and-morphology-in-patients-with-takotsubo-syndrome
#10
Ingo Eitel, Thomas Stiermaier, Tobias Graf, Christian Möller, Karl-Philipp Rommel, Charlotte Eitel, Gerhard Schuler, Holger Thiele, Steffen Desch
BACKGROUND: Disrupted atherosclerotic plaques in the left anterior descending coronary artery are discussed controversially as a potential pathophysiological mechanism in Takotsubo syndrome (TTS). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess plaque burden and morphology by using optical coherence tomography in patients with TTS. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 23 consecutive TTS patients were included in this single-center study and underwent optical coherence tomography imaging of the left main coronary artery and the left anterior descending coronary artery at acute presentation...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998840/quantification-and-characterisation-of-released-plaque-material-during-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-implantation-into-right-coronary-artery-lesions-by-multimodality-intracoronary-imaging
#11
Heike A Hildebrandt, Polykarpos C Patsalis, Fadi Al-Rashid, Markus Neuhäuser, Tienush Rassaf, Gerd Heusch, Philipp Kahlert, Petra Kleinbongard
AIMS: We aimed to compare intravascular ultrasound with virtual histology (VH-IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for their ability to quantify the true amount and characterise the nature of released plaque material during bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation into right coronary artery (RCA) lesions using a distal occlusion and aspiration device. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventeen patients underwent BVS implantation into the right coronary artery under distal protection with intracoronary imaging using VH-IVUS, OCT and NIRS...
December 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989886/intracoronary-imaging-cholesterol-efflux-and-transcriptomes-after-intensive-statin-treatment-the-yellow-ii-study
#12
Annapoorna S Kini, Yuliya Vengrenyuk, Khader Shameer, Akiko Maehara, Meerarani Purushothaman, Takahiro Yoshimura, Mitsuaki Matsumura, Melissa Aquino, Nezam Haider, Kipp W Johnson, Ben Readhead, Brian A Kidd, Jonathan E Feig, Prakash Krishnan, Joseph Sweeny, Milind Mahajan, Pedro Moreno, Roxana Mehran, Jason C Kovacic, Usman Baber, Joel T Dudley, Jagat Narula, Samin Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive evidence for the beneficial effects of statins on clinical outcomes, the mechanisms underlying these effects in remain elusive. OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in plaque morphology by intravascular imaging with a comprehensive evaluation of cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) transcriptomics in patients receiving high-dose statin therapy. METHODS: In a prospective study, 85 patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for a culprit lesion followed by intracoronary multi-modality imaging including optical coherence tomography (OCT) of an obstructive non-culprit lesion (NCL)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976794/mother-and-child-catheter-facilitated-optical-coherence-tomography-a-novel-approach-to-improve-intracoronary-imaging
#13
Marcos Garcia-Guimaraes, Javier Cuesta, Fernando Rivero, Teresa Alvarado, Gonzalo Navarrete, Teresa Bastante, Amparo Benedicto, Fernando Alfonso
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to prospectively analyze the usefulness of mother-and-child catheter approach with the GuideLiner® (GL) catheter extension system to overcome some potential limitations associated with the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: We included consecutive patients referred to our institution for coronary angiogram in whom OCT image acquisition was obtained using GL. From February 2015 to May 2016, a total of 19 procedures (18 patients) were prospectively included...
2016: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969958/tct-586-utility-of-intracoronary-imaging-techniques-in-the-characterisation-of-substrates-causing-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-normal-o-near-normal-coronary-angiography-nonca
#14
Santiago Jesús Camacho Freire, Antonio Gomez Menchero, Javier Leon Jimenez, Rosamariacardenal Piris, Jessica Roa-Garrido, Jose Morgado, Prudenciagomez Fernandez, Francisco Javier Landero Garcia, J F Diaz Fernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969927/tct-558-comparison-of-in-hospital-outcome-between-intracoronary-imaging-guided-versus-angiography-guided-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patient-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
Jun-Hyok Oh, Jeong Cheon Choe, Jinhee Ahn, Park Jin Sup, Hye Won Lee, Junghyun Choi, Han Cheol Lee, Kwang Cha, Hong Taek-Jong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969908/tct-539-comparison-between-instantaneous-wave-free-ratio-and-fractional-flow-reserve-versus-morphometric-assessments-by-intracoronary-imaging-devices
#16
Kensuke Matsushita, Kiyoshi Hibi, Kozo Okada, Yasushi Matsuzawa, Yuichiro Kimura, Nobuhiko Maejima, Noriaki Iwahashi, Anton Moritz, Toshiaki Ebina, Peter J Fitzgerald, Yasuhiro Honda, Kazuo Kimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964903/coronary-catheterization-and-percutaneous-interventions-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#17
Carlo Zivelonghi, Gabriele Pesarini, Roberto Scarsini, Mattia Lunardi, Anna Piccoli, Valeria Ferrero, Leonardo Gottin, Corrado Vassanelli, Flavio Ribichini
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is often present in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis candidates to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Mild CAD may also worsen and need treatment years after TAVI. The implantation of a transcatheter valve may interfere with the capability of reengaging the coronary arteries. We prospectively assessed the feasibility of performing coronary angiography (CA), fractional flow reserve, and, where indicated, percutaneous coronary intervention after valve implantation in a consecutive series of patients with CAD undergoing TAVI...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958692/diagnostic-accuracy-of-intravascular-ultrasound-derived-minimal-lumen-area-compared-with-fractional-flow-reserve-a-literature-review
#18
Joao P Lopes, Michelle K Jordan, Hiram Bezerra, Marco A Costa, Guilherme Attizzani
INTRODUCTION: The use of fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the gold standard for functional assessment of intermediate coronary stenosis has been well documented. Intracoronary imaging techniques such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) have been used for additional coronary lesion resolution and some of its anatomic parameters have been studied as having possible correlation with FFR, particularly IVUS minimal lumen area (MLA). We performed a comprehensive review of the available literature in the area...
December 13, 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904523/the-role-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-the-detection-of-vulnerable-atherosclerotic-plaques
#19
Martin Horvath, Petr Hajek, Cyril Stechovsky, Jakub Honek, Miloslav Spacek, Josef Veselka
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Most acute coronary syndromes are caused by a rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque which can be characterized by a lipid-rich necrotic core with an overlying thin fibrous cap. Many vulnerable plaques can cause angiographically mild stenoses due to positive remodelling, which is why the extent of coronary artery disease may be seriously underestimated. In recent years, we have witnessed a paradigm shift in interventional cardiology...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904032/coronary-microvascular-dysfunction%C3%A3-epidemiology-pathogenesis-prognosis-diagnosis-risk-factors-and-therapy
#20
Cheng Chen, Janet Wei, Ahmed AlBadri, Parham Zarrini, C Noel Bairey Merz
Angina has traditionally been thought to be caused by obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a substantial number of patients with angina are found to not have obstructive CAD when undergoing coronary angiography. A significant proportion of these patients have coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD), characterized by heightened sensitivity to vasoconstrictor stimuli and limited microvascular vasodilator capacity. With the advent of non-invasive and invasive techniques, the coronary microvasculature has been more extensively studied in the past 2 decades...
December 22, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
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