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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938509/-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-appraisal-of-a-rapidly-increasing-disease
#1
Jens Hoeppner, Torben Glatz, Rainer Claus, Andreas Fischer, Klaus Kraywinkel, Thomas Brunner
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is dramatically increasing in several Western countries. In Germany, the incidence increased by sevenfold since 1991. The most important risk factors for esophageal adenocarcinoma are gastroesophageal reflux and obesity. Early diagnosis is possible within surveillance programs for Barrett metaplasia. Endoscopic resection is effective for diagnosis and curative treatment of early carcinoma. Esophagectomy is the central curative treatment modality for non-metastasized tumors exceeding the mucosal layer...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938487/regulation-of-endogenous-male-rodent-glp-1-secretion-and-human-islet-insulin-secretion-by-antagonism-of-somatostatin-receptor-5
#2
Thomas B Farb, Marta Adeva, Thomas J Beauchamp, Over Cabrera, David A Coates, Tamika DeShea Meredith, Brian A Droz, Alexander Efanov, James V Ficorilli, Susan L Gackenheimer, Maria A Martinez-Grau, Victoriano Molero, Gema Ruano, Michael A Statnick, Todd M Suter, Samreen K Syed, Miguel A Toledo, Francis S Willard, Xin Zhou, Krister B Bokvist, David G Barrett
Incretin and insulin responses to nutrient loads are suppressed in persons with diabetes, resulting in decreased glycemic control. Whereas agents including sulfonylureas and Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) partially reverse these effects and provide therapeutic benefit, their modes of action limit efficacy. Because somatostatin (SST) has been shown to suppress both insulin and GLP-1 secretion through the Gi-coupled SST receptor 5 (SSTR5) isoform in vitro, antagonism of SSTR5 may improve glycemic control via intervention in both pathways...
September 11, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937785/gaining-access-to-providing-medical-care-to-male-sport-teams-the-female-athletic-trainer-perspective
#3
Alicia Pike, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica L Barrett
CONTEXT:   Female athletic trainers (ATs) can face barriers to employment within the profession. Although there is evidence for an increasing percentage of women in athletic training, the portion providing medical care to male sport teams within the professional sport and collegiate settings continues to be small. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the experiences of female ATs when seeking employment with male sport teams within the Division I setting. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937727/in-memoriam-barrett-g-haik-md-facs
#4
James W Gigantelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933527/caring-about-power-analyses
#5
Jennifer E Murray, Scott T Barrett, Rebecca L Brock, Rick A Bevins
Everyone should care deeply about statistical power and effect size given that the current estimates of wasted nonreproducible and exaggerated research findings range from 50 to 85%, combined with the mandates from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that proposal reviewers focus on scientific rigor and investigators consider sex as a biological variable. In this Viewpoint, we provide recommendations and resources regarding power analyses aimed at enhancing rigor, and hence decreasing waste, when designing experiments...
September 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931678/ikk%C3%AE-mimetic-peptides-block-the-resistance-to-apoptosis-associated-with-kshv-infection
#6
Louise C Briggs, A W Edith Chan, Christopher A Davis, Nicholas Whitelock, Hajira A Hotiana, Mehdi Baratchian, Claire Bagnéris, David L Selwood, Mary K Collins, Tracey E Barrett
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a lymphogenic disorder associated with KSHV infection. Key to the survival and proliferation of PEL is the canonical NF-kB pathway that becomes constitutively activated following overexpression of the viral oncoprotein ks-vFLIP. This arises from its capacity to form a complex with the modulatory subunit of the IKK kinase, IKKγ (or NEMO) resulting in the overproduction of proteins that promote cellular survival and prevent apoptosis; both of which are important drivers of tumourigenesis...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930890/trends-in-opioid-related-inpatient-stays-shifted-after-the-us-transitioned-to-icd-10-cm-diagnosis-coding-in-2015
#7
Kevin C Heslin, Pamela L Owens, Zeynal Karaca, Marguerite L Barrett, Brian J Moore, Anne Elixhauser
BACKGROUND: Trend analyses of opioid-related inpatient stays depend on the availability of comparable data over time. In October 2015, the US transitioned diagnosis coding from International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) to ICD-10-CM, increasing from ∼14,000 to 68,000 codes. This study examines how trend analyses of inpatient stays involving opioid diagnoses were affected by the transition to ICD-10-CM. SUBJECTS: Data are from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases for 14 states in 2015-2016, representing 26% of acute care inpatient discharges in the US...
September 19, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930282/esophageal-cancer-genomic-and-molecular-characterization-stem-cell-compartment-and-clonal-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Ugo Testa, Germana Castelli, Elvira Pelosi
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the eighth most common cancer and is the sixth leading cause of death worldwide. The incidence of histologic subtypes of EC, esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC), display considerable geographic variation. EAC arises from metaplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE) in the context of chronic inflammation secondary to exposure to acid and bile. The main risk factors for developing ESCC are cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption. The main somatic genetic abnormalities showed a different genetic landscape in EAC compared to ESCC...
September 14, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930030/mild-illness-during-outbreak-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o157-infections-associated-with-agricultural-show-australia
#9
Bhakti R Vasant, Russell J Stafford, Amy V Jennison, Sonya M Bennett, Robert J Bell, Christine J Doyle, Jeannette R Young, Susan A Vlack, Paul Titmus, Debra El Saadi, Kari A J Jarvinen, Patricia Coward, Janine Barrett, Megan Staples, Rikki M A Graham, Helen V Smith, Stephen B Lambert
During a large outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli illness associated with an agricultural show in Australia, we used whole-genome sequencing to detect an IS1203v insertion in the Shiga toxin 2c subunit A gene of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. Our study showed that clinical illness was mild, and hemolytic uremic syndrome was not detected.
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926114/diabetes-mediated-myelopoiesis-and-the-relationship-to-cardiovascular-risk
#10
REVIEW
Tessa J Barrett, Andrew J Murphy, Ira J Goldberg, Edward A Fisher
Diabetes is the greatest risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease, which, in turn, is the most prevalent cause of mortality and morbidity in diabetics. These patients have elevations in inflammatory monocytes, a factor consistently reported to drive the development of atherosclerosis. In preclinical models of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, studies have demonstrated that the increased production and activation of monocytes is driven by enhanced myelopoiesis, promoted by factors, including hyperglycemia, impaired cholesterol efflux, and inflammasome activation, that affect the proliferation of bone marrow precursor cells...
August 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925988/how-i-approach-it-care-of-the-post-ablation-barrett-s-esophagus-patient
#11
Shervin Shafa, Nicholas J Shaheen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925950/targeting-host-cell-surface-nucleolin-for-rsv-therapy-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Peter Mastrangelo, Michael J Norris, Wenming Duan, Edward G Barrett, Theo J Moraes, Richard G Hegele
Nucleolin (NCL) has been reported as a cellular receptor for the human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). We studied the effects of re-purposing AS1411, an anti-cancer compound that binds cell surface NCL, as a possible novel strategy for RSV therapy in vitro and in vivo. AS1411 was administered to RSV-infected cultures of non-polarized (HEp-2) and polarized (MDCK) epithelial cells and to virus-infected mice and cotton rats. Results of in vitro experiments showed that AS1411, used in micromolar concentrations, was associated with decreases in the number of virus-positive cells...
September 19, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924592/tumor-location-is-a-risk-factor-for-lymph-node-metastasis-in-superficial-barrett-s-adenocarcinoma
#13
Masayoshi Yamada, Ichiro Oda, Hirohito Tanaka, Seiichiro Abe, Satoru Nonaka, Haruhisa Suzuki, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Aya Kuchiba, Kazuo Koyanagi, Hiroyasu Igaki, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yutaka Saito, Yuji Tachimori
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Endoscopic treatment is indicated for superficial Barrett's adenocarcinoma (BA) with a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). However, risk factors associated with LNM in superficial BA are still not well characterized. The aim of the current study was to clarify risk factors for LNM of superficial BA. PATIENTS AND METHODS : A retrospective study was conducted in 87 consecutive patients with BA that was resected at National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan between 1990 and 2013...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924244/generation-of-a-multi-antigen-directed-immune-response-for-durable-control-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#14
S Jo, J H Lee, J J Mattei, D M Barrett, S A Grupp, G S D Reid, A E Seif
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 19 September 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.290.
September 19, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923465/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-conceptt-a-multicentre-international-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Denice S Feig, Lois E Donovan, Rosa Corcoy, Kellie E Murphy, Stephanie A Amiel, Katharine F Hunt, Elisabeth Asztalos, Jon F R Barrett, J Johanna Sanchez, Alberto de Leiva, Moshe Hod, Lois Jovanovic, Erin Keely, Ruth McManus, Eileen K Hutton, Claire L Meek, Zoe A Stewart, Tim Wysocki, Robert O'Brien, Katrina Ruedy, Craig Kollman, George Tomlinson, Helen R Murphy
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are a high-risk population who are recommended to strive for optimal glucose control, but neonatal outcomes attributed to maternal hyperglycaemia remain suboptimal. Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on maternal glucose control and obstetric and neonatal health outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial, we recruited women aged 18-40 years with type 1 diabetes for a minimum of 12 months who were receiving intensive insulin therapy...
September 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922442/volumetric-laser-endomicroscopy-for-barrett-s-esophagus-looking-at-the-fine-print
#16
REVIEW
Deepanshu Jain, Sanna Fatima, Shilpa Jain, Shashideep Singhal
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a premalignant condition. The incidence of adenocarcinoma in BE has been reported to be between 0.1-3%. Dysplasia in BE is patchy and extensive biopsy sampling is labor intensive, low yield and does not eliminate the sampling error completely. Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) is expected to enable endoscopists to do targeted biopsy of dysplastic/cancerous lesions (not visible on white light endoscopy) among patients with BE. We reviewed 7 studies with a total of 62 subjects who had undergone VLE...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922414/a-nonrandomized-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-for-barrett-s-esophagus
#17
Linda C Cummings, Prashanthi N Thota, Joseph E Willis, Yanwen Chen, Gregory S Cooper, Nancy Furey, Beth Bednarchik, Bronia M Alashkar, John Dumot, Ashley L Faulx, Stephen P Fink, Adam M Kresak, Basel Abusneineh, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Patrick Leahy, Martina L Veigl, Amitabh Chak, Sanford D Markowitz
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency may increase esophageal cancer risk. Vitamin D affects genes regulating proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation and induces the tumor suppressor 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) in other cancers. This nonrandomized interventional study assessed effects of vitamin D supplementation in Barrett's esophagus (BE). We hypothesized that vitamin D supplementation may have beneficial effects on gene expression including 15-PGDH in BE. METHODS: BE subjects with low grade or no dysplasia received vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 50,000 international units weekly plus a proton pump inhibitor for 12 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919920/virulence-determinants-of-west-nile-virus-how-can-these-be-used-for-vaccine-design
#18
REVIEW
Jaclyn A Kaiser, Tian Wang, Alan Dt Barrett
West Nile virus (WNV), a neurotropic mosquito-borne flavivirus, has become endemic in the USA and parts of Europe since 1999. There is no licensed WNV vaccine for humans. Considering the robust immunity from immunization with live, attenuated vaccines, a live WNV vaccine is an ideal platform for disease control. Animal and mosquito studies have identified a number of candidate attenuating mutations, including the structural proteins premembrane/membrane and envelope, and the nonstructural proteins NS1, NS2A, NS3, NS4A, NS4B and NS5, and the 3' UTR...
May 2017: Future Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919567/photoacoustic-imaging-for-maximizing-glioma-resection
#19
Barrett J Anderies, Mithun Sattur, Matthew E Welz, Lissette Urday, Kent R Richter, Erich Umbarger, Bernard R Bendok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917343/long-term-outcomes-for-cryotherapy-in-barrett-s-esophagus-with-high-grade-dysplasia-just-cracking-the-ice
#20
EDITORIAL
Koushik K Das, Gary W Falk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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