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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051361/effect-of-intraoperative-magnesium-intravenous-infusion-on-the-hemodynamic-changes-associated-with-right-lobe-living-donor-hepatotomy-under-transesophageal-doppler-monitoring-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
G Mahmoud, E Sayed, A Eskander, M ElSheikh, M Lotfy, K Yassen
BACKGROUND: Liver donors are subjected to specific postresection hemodynamic changes. The aim was to monitor these changes and to evaluate the effect of magnesium sulfate infusion (MgSO4) on these changes together with total anesthetic agents consumption. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 donors scheduled for right hepatotomy were divided into two equal groups. Controls (C) received saline and magnesium group (Mg) received MgSO4 10% (30 mg/kg over 20 min) administered immediately after induction of anesthesia, followed by infusion (10 mg/kg/h) till the end of surgery...
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915850/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-sevoflurane-and-desflurane-on-corrected-qt-interval-prolongation-in-patients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
J J Min, J Lee, H-C Lee, H-G Ryu, M Shin, H J Kim
BACKGROUND: QT interval prolongation has frequently been observed in patients with advanced liver disease. We investigated the influence of inhalation anesthetics on the corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation during surgery in patients undergoing living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Our study included 43 patients who were assigned to 2 groups: sevoflurane (n = 22) or desflurane anesthesia (n = 21). QTc intervals were measured at perioperative determined time points and calculated using Fridericia's formula...
January 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830214/intraoperative-factors-associated-with-delayed-recovery-of-liver-function-after-hepatectomy-analysis-of-1969-living-donors
#3
S-S Choi, S-S Cho, T-Y Ha, S Hwang, S-G Lee, Y-K Kim
BACKGROUND: The safety of healthy living donors who are undergoing hepatic resection is a primary concern. We aimed to identify intraoperative anaesthetic and surgical factors associated with delayed recovery of liver function after hepatectomy in living donors. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 1969 living donors who underwent hepatectomy for living donor liver transplantation. Delayed recovery of hepatic function was defined by increases in international normalised ratio of prothrombin time and concomitant hyperbilirubinaemia on or after post-operative day 5...
February 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26335917/sevoflurane-versus-desflurane-on-the-incidence-of-postreperfusion-syndrome-during-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jiwon Lee, Yong-Jae Yoo, Jung-Man Lee, Young Jae Park, Ho Geol Ryu
BACKGROUND: Various interventions to reduce postreperfusion syndrome during liver transplantation have been explored, but the effect of volatile anesthetics used during liver transplantation on the incidence of postreperfusion syndrome has not been evaluated. A randomized controlled trial was performed to compare the incidence of postreperfusion syndrome between 2 commonly used volatile anesthetics, sevoflurane and desflurane. METHODS: Sixty-two adult liver recipients scheduled for living-donor liver transplantation were randomized to receive either sevoflurane or desflurane for general anesthesia...
March 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26290958/protective-effect-of-nitric-oxide-on-liver-circulation-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#5
Watanabe Toshihiro, Shinji Kurata, Sanuki Takuro, Okayasu Ichiro, Shibata Yasuaki, Toru Ikeda, Hiroyuki Ureshino, Takao Ayuse
INTRODUCTION: The reduction of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) production during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, generally via a reduction in endothelial NO synthase activity, leads to liver injury. We hypothesized that administration of an exogenous NO donor into the portal vein may ameliorate hepatic blood flow reduction after a period of ischemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 min of ischemia (portal vein and hepatic artery) was applied in 15 anesthetized pigs, using the Pringle method under sevoflurane anesthesia...
2015: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25517196/irritant-volatile-anesthetics-induce-neurogenic-inflammation-through-trpa1-and-trpv1-channels-in-the-isolated-mouse-trachea
#6
Tatjana I Kichko, Florian Niedermirtl, Andreas Leffler, Peter W Reeh
BACKGROUND: Irritating effects of volatile general anesthetics on tracheal nerve endings and resulting spastic reflexes in the airways are not completely understood with respect to molecular mechanisms. Neuropeptide release and neurogenic inflammation play an established role. METHODS: The basal and stimulated calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release from the isolated superfused mouse trachea was analyzed as an index of sensory neuron activation, applying irritant (desflurane and isoflurane) and nonirritant (sevoflurane) volatile anesthetics as stimuli...
February 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25105848/differential-protective-effects-of-anaesthesia-with-sevoflurane-or-isoflurane-an-animal-experimental-model-simulating-liver-transplantation
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Siluê Z F Dal Molin, Cleber R P Kruel, Raquel S de Fraga, Carolina Alboim, Jarbas R de Oliveira, Mario R Alvares-da-Silva
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms involved in organ protection by volatile anaesthetics are not completely understood. In the liver transplant setting, there is a lack of information in the literature about whether sevoflurane anaesthesia has a superior hepatoprotective effect when compared with isoflurane. OBJECTIVE: To compare the antioxidant and protective effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane. DESIGN: A randomised, comparative, experimental study...
December 2014: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25009196/effect-of-anaesthetic-technique-on-the-natural-killer-cell-anti-tumour-activity-of-serum-from-women-undergoing-breast-cancer-surgery-a-pilot-study
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Buckley, S McQuaid, P Johnson, D J Buggy
BACKGROUND: Animal models and retrospective clinical data suggest that certain anaesthetic techniques can attenuate immunosuppression and minimize metastasis after cancer surgery. Natural killer (NK) T cells are a critical component of the anti-tumour immune response. We investigated the effect of serum from women undergoing primary breast cancer surgery, randomized to propofol-paravertebral block (PPA) or sevoflurane-opioid (GA) anaesthetic techniques, on healthy human donor NK cell function and cytotoxicity against oestrogen and progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer cells (HCC1500)...
July 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24923151/-anesthesiological-support-during-nephrectomy-in-living-related-donors
#9
A A Kostenko, A E Korol'ov
International demands exist for the patients safety guaranteeng, in the live donors of organs peculiarly, who consciously agreed to be operated on with the organ excision for the patient sake. That's why it is important to elaborate optimal measures of safety for such operative intervention, including anesthesiological support for donors of kidney. Advantages of modern anesthetics application, ingalation introduction of sevofluran and intravenous injection of propophol over standard analgesia were discussed...
January 2014: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24567820/torsade-de-pointes-in-liver-transplantation-recipient-after-induction-of-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#10
Eun-Jin Chung, Yun-Seok Jeon, Hyun-Joo Kim, Kook Hyun Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Kyoung-Ah Han, Seung-Hwan Jung
Torsade de pointes (TdP) is an uncommon and specific form of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, associated with a prolonged QT interval. Prolongation of the QT interval is the most widely recognized electrophysiological abnormality in patients with liver cirrhosis. We observed a case of TdP leading to cardiopulmonary resuscitation after the induction of general anesthesia, in a patient with liver cirrhosis scheduled for emergency cadaveric donor liver transplantation. The patient had mild QT prolongation on preoperative electrocardiography with a corrected QT (QTc) interval of 455 ms...
January 2014: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23918580/kidney-function-in-living-donors-undergoing-nephrectomy-by-sevoflurane-or-desflurane-anesthesia
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Min-Soo Kim, Jeong-Rim Lee, Myoung-Soo Kim, Sung-Yeon Ham, Seung-Ho Choi
PURPOSE: Although there is no clinical evidence of nephrotoxicity with the volatile anesthetics currently used in general anesthesia, a better agent should be needed in terms of preserving postoperative renal function in living kidney donors who have only single remaining kidney. The purpose of the current retrospective, single-center study was to evaluate and compare renal function of living kidney donors after nephrectomy under either sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 through December 2011, a total of 228 donors undergoing video assisted minilaparotomy surgery nephrectomy for kidney donation were retrospectively enrolled in the current study...
September 2013: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23845191/acute-fulminant-hepatatis-in-kidney-transplant-recipient-after-repeated-sevoflurane-anesthesia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Jelka Masin-Spasovska, Koco Dimitrovski, Sotir Stavridis, Oliver Stankov, Saso Dohcev, Skender Saidi, Krume Jakovski, Trajan Balkanov, Nikola Labacevski, Viktor Stankov, Ljupco Lekovski, Goce Spasovski
INTRODUCTION: A liver dysfunction induced by halogenated volatile anaesthetics is considered as a significant diagnostic problem. The aim of our report was to describe the first case of lethal hepatic failure in a female patient undergoing kidney transplantation (KTx) from a living donor after repeated sevoflurane anaesthesia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old hypertensive and diabetic female patient received kidney from her 70-year-old mother. There was an immediate graft function and around 800 ml of blood loss on the abdominal drains, which gradually decreased after the erythrocyte and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) substitution...
April 2013: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23622609/anesthesia-for-ventricular-assist-device-placement-experience-from-a-single-center
#13
S Kocabas, F Z Askar, T Yagdi, C Engin, M Ozbaran
BACKGROUND: Circulatory support with ventricular assist systems has become a treatment alternative for patients with end-stage heart failure owing to the donor shortage. In this report, we have presented our institution's clinical experience in the anesthetic management of ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. METHODS: Between April 2007 and August 2012, VAD implantation was performed in 84 adult patients with end-stage heart failure. The group included 75 male and 9 female patients of overall mean age, 47...
April 2013: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23419340/preconditioning-effects-of-the-anesthetic-administered-to-the-donor-on-grafted-kidney-function-in-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-recipients
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J H Lee, D J Joo, J M Kim, J H Park, Y S Kim, B N Koo
BACKGROUND: In living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT), we evaluated if there was any difference in grafted kidney function according to the type of anesthetic used in the donor because some laboratory studies have demonstrated that volatile anesthetics at clinically relevant concentrations protect the kidneys against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: In part I of the study, we retrospectively compared grafted kidney function [serum creatinine levels (Cr) and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in recipients of LDKT] according to the type of donors' volatile anesthetic (sevoflurane [group Sevo, 166 patients], isoflurane [group Iso, 55] or desflurane [group Des, 61])...
May 2013: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23061520/effect-of-sevoflurane-anesthesia-and-blood-donation-on-the-sonographic-appearance-of-the-spleen-in-60-healthy-cats
#15
Shona L Reese, Lisa J Zekas, M Cristina Iazbik, Amy Lehman, C Guillermo Couto
The aims of this prospective study were to describe the normal sonographic size and appearance of the feline spleen, and to test effects of sevoflurane anesthesia and blood collection on sonographic characteristics. Sonographic evaluations were performed in 60 healthy blood donor cats prior to anesthesia and blood collection (baseline), after anesthesia induction, after completion of blood collection while under anesthesia, and 7-10 days after blood collection. Transverse sonographic images of the splenic mid-body were made...
March 2013: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23026167/perioperative-transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Hsin-I Tsai, An-Hsun Chou, Ming-Wen Yang
OBJECTIVE: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading morbidity and mortality in hemotherapy in the United States. Although it is a serious complication of blood transfusion, it is still underestimated and under-reported because of under-recognition and misdiagnosis. In this report, we present 15 surgical patients who developed pulmonary complications secondary to blood transfusion during the perioperative period. METHODS: A 3-year retrospective analysis of 14,441 patients who received blood transfusion intraoperatively in our Taoyuan center was carried out...
September 2012: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22924040/the-influence-of-pharmacological-preconditioning-with-sevoflurane-on-incidence-of-early-allograft-dysfunction-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#17
Andrei F Minou, Alexander M Dzyadzko, Aliaksei E Shcherba, Oleg O Rummo
Background. Pharmacological preconditioning is one of the tools used to diminish preservation injury. We investigated the influence of sevoflurane preconditioning of liver grafts on postoperative graft function. Methods. Consecutive 60 deceased brain donors were randomized into sevoflurane group or control group. In sevoflurane group donors were treated with endexpiratory 2,0 volume% of sevoflurane during procurement. Primary endpoint was postoperative liver injury. Secondary endpoint was incidence of early allograft dysfunction (EAD)...
2012: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22778888/effect-of-sevoflurane-on-grafted-kidney-function-in-renal-transplantation
#18
Jin Ha Park, Jae Hoon Lee, Dong Jin Joo, Ki Jun Song, Yu Seun Kim, Bon-Nyeo Koo
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to determine if there are any differences in grafted kidney function in recipients of kidney transplantation (KT) when donors and recipients were anesthetized with sevoflurane compared to desflurane. METHODS: Seventy-three pairs of donors-recipients were anesthetized with sevoflurane (Sevo group) and 71 pairs were anesthetized with desflurane (Des group). We retrospectively investigated the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, creatinine (Cr) levels, and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) of the recipients in both groups for 1 year postoperatively...
June 2012: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21395137/-early-activation-after-orthotopic-heart-transplantation
#19
V N Poptsov, E A Spirina, A I Magilevets, V V Pchel'nikov, O V Voronina, S G Ukhrenkov
The purpose of the study was to analyze the authors' experience with early activation made in the operating-room in recipients after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). The study enrolled 12 patients (10 males and 2 females) aged 18 to 60 (41 +/- 5) years. OHT emergency corresponded to UNOS status 2 (n=9) and IB (n=3). The donors' age was 21 to 44 (35 +/- 3) years; the donor/recipient body weight ratio was 0.87 +/- 0.14; the least dopamine-induced cardiotonic support during conditioning was 4.7 +/- 0.4 microg/kg/min...
September 2010: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21334913/nicorandil-preserves-myocardial-function-following-brain-death-in-rats-by-mitochondrial-adenosine-triphosphate-sensitive-potassium-channel-dependent-mechanism
#20
Mitsuo Iwasaki, Yukio Hayashi, Hiroo Yamanaka, Takahiko Kamibayashi, Takashi Mashimo
OBJECTIVE: Interventions to preserve myocardial function after brain death may increase the donor pool for heart transplantation. The present study using a brain death model of rats was designed to examine the protective potential of nicorandil, an adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel opener, on myocardial function after brain death. METHODS: Rats were anesthetized with sevoflurane. A Fogarty catheter was placed intracranially for induction of brain death...
September 2011: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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