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sevoflurane donor

Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Medical Gas Research
Xingyu Wang, Roumen Parapanov, Cyril Francioli, Jean Yannis Perentes, Igor Letovanec, Michel Gonzalez, Christian Kern, Hans-Beat Ris, Lise Piquilloud, Carlo Marcucci, Thorsten Krueger, Lucas Liaudet, Fabrizio Gronchi
OBJECTIVES: Volatile anaesthetics can provide significant protection against reperfusion injury in various experimental settings. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of sevoflurane treatment, the most commonly used volatile anaesthetic in modern anaesthesia, in rat lungs donated after circulatory death and reconditioned in an ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) system. METHODS: Fifteen rats were sacrificed and divided into 3 groups. In the control and sevoflurane groups, the heart-lung blocks were exposed to 1 h of warm ischaemia and 2 h of cold ischaemia and were mounted on an EVLP circuit for 3 h, in the absence or in the presence of 2% sevoflurane...
January 24, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Yoshito Yamada, Isabelle Laube, Jae-Hwi Jang, John M Bonvini, Ilhan Inci, Walter Weder, Beatrice Beck Schimmer, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr
BACKGROUND: Although sevoflurane (Sevo) had been shown to ameliorate posttransplant injury in various organs, data available are inconsistent, particularly in the context of lung transplantation (Tx). We here investigated if preconditioning by Sevo can protect from posttransplant injury regarding both, primary graft dysfunction (PGD) and acute rejection (AR) after experimental lung Tx, thereby focusing on two important clinical outcome parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three experimental approaches were used: (1) BALB/c mice were preconditioned for 2 h with Sevo or a fentanyl cocktail (Control; n = 10); (2) syngeneic (Syn) mouse lung Tx (C57BL/6) with a Sevo-preconditioned graft followed by 18 h storage to mimic PGD (Syn-Tx, n = 12) versus controls (fentanyl cocktail); and (3) allogeneic (Allo) Tx (BALB/c, donor; C57BL/6, recipient) to mimic AR (Allo-Tx, n = 12) versus controls (fentanyl cocktail)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
G J Nieuwenhuijs-Moeke, V B Nieuwenhuijs, M A J Seelen, S P Berger, M C van den Heuvel, J G M Burgerhof, P J Ottens, R J Ploeg, H G D Leuvenink, M M R F Struys
Background: Kidney transplantation is associated with harmful processes affecting the viability of the graft. One of these processes is associated with the phenomenon of ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Anaesthetic conditioning is a widely described strategy to attenuate ischaemia-reperfusion injury. We therefore conducted the Volatile Anaesthetic Protection of Renal Transplants-1 trial, a pilot project evaluating the influence of two anaesthetic regimens, propofol- vs sevoflurane-based anaesthesia, on biochemical and clinical outcomes in living donor kidney transplantation...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Lady Christine L Ong Sio, Richard Glenn C Dela Cruz, Alexander F Bautista
Sevoflurane and isoflurane are volatile halogenated ether widely used in anesthesia. Both have comparable potency and easy titratability but sevoflurane has lower pungency and results in faster patient recovery. Isoflurane, however, is more affordable. The nephrotoxicity of sevoflurane is undisputed but studies on isoflurane nephrotoxicity are lacking. The objective of this paper is to determine the overall nephrotoxicity profile of sevoflurane and isoflurane in donor nephrectomy patients using the renal function markers - nuclear glomerular filtration rate (GFR), serum creatinine, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, proteinuria, and glucosuria...
January 2017: Medical Gas Research
M S Karadeniz, H S Ciftci, T Tefik, O Mammadov, H Yazıcı, I Nane, A Turkmen, F Oguz, K M Tugrul
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic management of patients during renal transplantation is vitally important for ensuring proper functioning of kidneys that have undergone ischemia-reperfusion damage. The goal of this prospective study was to compare the effects of 2 different inhalation agents (sevoflurane and desflurane) on grafted kidney function in renal transplantation surgery. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who were scheduled for living donor renal transplantation were enrolled in the study...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
Akihiro Ohsumi, Katherine Marseu, Peter Slinger, Karen McRae, Hyunhee Kim, Zehong Guan, David M Hwang, Mingyao Liu, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is one of the most commonly used volatile anesthetic agents with the fastest onset and offset, replacing isoflurane in modern anesthesiology. Preconditioning and postconditioning using volatile anesthetics can attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). However, no previous studies have evaluated the effect of sevoflurane in lung transplantation after cold ischemic injury. We aimed to study the effects of donor and recipient treatment with sevoflurane in a rat lung transplantation model...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
G Mahmoud, E Sayed, A Eskander, M ElSheikh, M Lotfy, K Yassen
BACKGROUND: Liver donors are subjected to specific postresection hemodynamic changes. The aim was to monitor these changes and to evaluate the effect of magnesium sulfate infusion (MgSO4) on these changes together with total anesthetic agents consumption. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 donors scheduled for right hepatotomy were divided into two equal groups. Controls (C) received saline and magnesium group (Mg) received MgSO4 10% (30 mg/kg over 20 min) administered immediately after induction of anesthesia, followed by infusion (10 mg/kg/h) till the end of surgery...
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
J J Min, J Lee, H-C Lee, H-G Ryu, M Shin, H J Kim
BACKGROUND: QT interval prolongation has frequently been observed in patients with advanced liver disease. We investigated the influence of inhalation anesthetics on the corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation during surgery in patients undergoing living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Our study included 43 patients who were assigned to 2 groups: sevoflurane (n = 22) or desflurane anesthesia (n = 21). QTc intervals were measured at perioperative determined time points and calculated using Fridericia's formula...
January 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
S-S Choi, S-S Cho, T-Y Ha, S Hwang, S-G Lee, Y-K Kim
BACKGROUND: The safety of healthy living donors who are undergoing hepatic resection is a primary concern. We aimed to identify intraoperative anaesthetic and surgical factors associated with delayed recovery of liver function after hepatectomy in living donors. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 1969 living donors who underwent hepatectomy for living donor liver transplantation. Delayed recovery of hepatic function was defined by increases in international normalised ratio of prothrombin time and concomitant hyperbilirubinaemia on or after post-operative day 5...
February 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Jiwon Lee, Yong-Jae Yoo, Jung-Man Lee, Young Jae Park, Ho Geol Ryu
BACKGROUND: Various interventions to reduce postreperfusion syndrome during liver transplantation have been explored, but the effect of volatile anesthetics used during liver transplantation on the incidence of postreperfusion syndrome has not been evaluated. A randomized controlled trial was performed to compare the incidence of postreperfusion syndrome between 2 commonly used volatile anesthetics, sevoflurane and desflurane. METHODS: Sixty-two adult liver recipients scheduled for living-donor liver transplantation were randomized to receive either sevoflurane or desflurane for general anesthesia...
March 2016: Transplantation
Watanabe Toshihiro, Shinji Kurata, Sanuki Takuro, Okayasu Ichiro, Shibata Yasuaki, Toru Ikeda, Hiroyuki Ureshino, Takao Ayuse
INTRODUCTION: The reduction of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) production during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, generally via a reduction in endothelial NO synthase activity, leads to liver injury. We hypothesized that administration of an exogenous NO donor into the portal vein may ameliorate hepatic blood flow reduction after a period of ischemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 min of ischemia (portal vein and hepatic artery) was applied in 15 anesthetized pigs, using the Pringle method under sevoflurane anesthesia...
2015: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Tatjana I Kichko, Florian Niedermirtl, Andreas Leffler, Peter W Reeh
BACKGROUND: Irritating effects of volatile general anesthetics on tracheal nerve endings and resulting spastic reflexes in the airways are not completely understood with respect to molecular mechanisms. Neuropeptide release and neurogenic inflammation play an established role. METHODS: The basal and stimulated calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release from the isolated superfused mouse trachea was analyzed as an index of sensory neuron activation, applying irritant (desflurane and isoflurane) and nonirritant (sevoflurane) volatile anesthetics as stimuli...
February 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Siluê Z F Dal Molin, Cleber R P Kruel, Raquel S de Fraga, Carolina Alboim, Jarbas R de Oliveira, Mario R Alvares-da-Silva
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms involved in organ protection by volatile anaesthetics are not completely understood. In the liver transplant setting, there is a lack of information in the literature about whether sevoflurane anaesthesia has a superior hepatoprotective effect when compared with isoflurane. OBJECTIVE: To compare the antioxidant and protective effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane. DESIGN: A randomised, comparative, experimental study...
December 2014: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
A Buckley, S McQuaid, P Johnson, D J Buggy
BACKGROUND: Animal models and retrospective clinical data suggest that certain anaesthetic techniques can attenuate immunosuppression and minimize metastasis after cancer surgery. Natural killer (NK) T cells are a critical component of the anti-tumour immune response. We investigated the effect of serum from women undergoing primary breast cancer surgery, randomized to propofol-paravertebral block (PPA) or sevoflurane-opioid (GA) anaesthetic techniques, on healthy human donor NK cell function and cytotoxicity against oestrogen and progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer cells (HCC1500)...
July 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
A A Kostenko, A E Korol'ov
International demands exist for the patients safety guaranteeng, in the live donors of organs peculiarly, who consciously agreed to be operated on with the organ excision for the patient sake. That's why it is important to elaborate optimal measures of safety for such operative intervention, including anesthesiological support for donors of kidney. Advantages of modern anesthetics application, ingalation introduction of sevofluran and intravenous injection of propophol over standard analgesia were discussed...
January 2014: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Eun-Jin Chung, Yun-Seok Jeon, Hyun-Joo Kim, Kook Hyun Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Kyoung-Ah Han, Seung-Hwan Jung
Torsade de pointes (TdP) is an uncommon and specific form of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, associated with a prolonged QT interval. Prolongation of the QT interval is the most widely recognized electrophysiological abnormality in patients with liver cirrhosis. We observed a case of TdP leading to cardiopulmonary resuscitation after the induction of general anesthesia, in a patient with liver cirrhosis scheduled for emergency cadaveric donor liver transplantation. The patient had mild QT prolongation on preoperative electrocardiography with a corrected QT (QTc) interval of 455 ms...
January 2014: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Min-Soo Kim, Jeong-Rim Lee, Myoung-Soo Kim, Sung-Yeon Ham, Seung-Ho Choi
PURPOSE: Although there is no clinical evidence of nephrotoxicity with the volatile anesthetics currently used in general anesthesia, a better agent should be needed in terms of preserving postoperative renal function in living kidney donors who have only single remaining kidney. The purpose of the current retrospective, single-center study was to evaluate and compare renal function of living kidney donors after nephrectomy under either sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 through December 2011, a total of 228 donors undergoing video assisted minilaparotomy surgery nephrectomy for kidney donation were retrospectively enrolled in the current study...
September 2013: Yonsei Medical Journal
Jelka Masin-Spasovska, Koco Dimitrovski, Sotir Stavridis, Oliver Stankov, Saso Dohcev, Skender Saidi, Krume Jakovski, Trajan Balkanov, Nikola Labacevski, Viktor Stankov, Ljupco Lekovski, Goce Spasovski
INTRODUCTION: A liver dysfunction induced by halogenated volatile anaesthetics is considered as a significant diagnostic problem. The aim of our report was to describe the first case of lethal hepatic failure in a female patient undergoing kidney transplantation (KTx) from a living donor after repeated sevoflurane anaesthesia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old hypertensive and diabetic female patient received kidney from her 70-year-old mother. There was an immediate graft function and around 800 ml of blood loss on the abdominal drains, which gradually decreased after the erythrocyte and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) substitution...
April 2013: Current Drug Safety
S Kocabas, F Z Askar, T Yagdi, C Engin, M Ozbaran
BACKGROUND: Circulatory support with ventricular assist systems has become a treatment alternative for patients with end-stage heart failure owing to the donor shortage. In this report, we have presented our institution's clinical experience in the anesthetic management of ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. METHODS: Between April 2007 and August 2012, VAD implantation was performed in 84 adult patients with end-stage heart failure. The group included 75 male and 9 female patients of overall mean age, 47...
April 2013: Transplantation Proceedings
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