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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793121/head-coaches-attitudes-towards-injury-prevention-and-use-of-related-methods-in-professional-basketball-a-survey
#1
J Wilke, D Niederer, L Vogt, W Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the practices and attitudes of professional basketball head coaches towards injury prevention. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Elite-level basketball. PARTICIPANTS: Head coaches of all 366 German professional teams. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Use of injury risk screening methods, rated importance of different musculoskeletal injuries and rated effectiveness of preventive interventions...
April 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792440/looking-at-the-eyes-interferes-with-facial-emotion-recognition-in-alexithymia
#2
Esther Fujiwara
Alexithymia refers to difficulties in identifying, differentiating, and describing feelings. This personality trait is highly prevalent in many psychiatric conditions and may drive associated social-emotional problems, including the ability to decode emotions in faces. This study probed alexithymic problems with identifying clear and ambiguous blends of emotions in faces and their underlying visual attention patterns. Using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, students with high alexithymia (HA, n = 73) or low alexithymia (LA, n = 76) were enrolled in this study...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792104/association-of-hip-and-foot-factors-with-patellar-tendinopathy-jumper-s-knee-in-athletes
#3
Luciana D Mendonça, Juliana M Ocarino, Natália F N Bittencourt, Luciana G Macedo, Sérgio T Fonseca
Study Design Clinical measurement, cross-sectional. Background Investigations on the causes of patellar tendinopathy (PT) should consider impairments at the hip and foot/ankle since they are known to influence movement patterns and affect patellar tendon loading. Objectives To investigate, by means of CART analysis, impairments of the hip and foot/ankle that are associated with PT in volleyball and basketball athletes. Methods One-hundred and ninety athletes were assessed for impairments of the hip and foot/ankle including: shank-forefoot alignment (SFA), ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DF ROM), iliotibial band flexibility, passive hip internal rotation (IR) ROM, and hip external rotator (ER) and hip abductor isometric strength...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791463/recurrent-spatio-temporal-modeling-of-check-ins-in-location-based-social-networks
#4
Ali Zarezade, Sina Jafarzadeh, Hamid R Rabiee
Social networks are getting closer to our real physical world. People share the exact location and time of their check-ins and are influenced by their friends. Modeling the spatio-temporal behavior of users in social networks is of great importance for predicting the future behavior of users, controlling the users' movements, and finding the latent influence network. It is observed that users have periodic patterns in their movements. Also, they are influenced by the locations that their close friends recently visited...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790476/-erratum-to-translation-and-validation-of-the-four-scale-for-children-and-its-use-as-outcome-predictor-a-pilot-study
#5
Sofia Simões Ferreira, Daniel Meireles, Alexandra Pinto, Francisco Abecasis
The article "Translation and Validation of the FOUR Scale for Children and its Use as Outcome Predictor: A Pilot Study", published by Acta Médica Portuguesa on September 2017 [Acta Med Port 2017 Sep;30(9):599-607] exhibited the mistake detailed here below: On page 600, paragrapah 4, where it reads: "(...) only the last two are assessed by the GCS and depth of coma may not be accurately detected.4" It should read: "(…) GCS does not include important indicators for an adequate evaluation of coma severity, that is, it only evaluates the cortical function, not including brainstem function evaluation parameters such as respiratory pattern, pupil size and reflexes, nor eye movements; as such it may not detect the coma depth properly...
March 29, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789897/-pilot-study-to-investigate-sleep-disorders-in-the-blind-and-persons-with-relevant-visual-impairment
#6
C Dirks, D Grünewald, P Young, A Heidbreder
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are associated with serious health problems in blind and visually impaired persons. Loss of light perception may result in a shift of sleep-wake pattern, which may lead to significant impairments in daily life--the so-called non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder. To date, epidemiologic data on non-24 only exist for the USA. This pilot study was conducted to provide first epidemiologic data for the prevalence of non-24 and other sleep disorders among blind and visually impaired persons in Germany...
May 22, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789404/new-approaches-for-assessing-squid-fin-motions-coupling-proper-orthogonal-decomposition-with-volumetric-particle-tracking-velocimetry
#7
Ian K Bartol, Paul S Krueger, Carly A York, Joseph T Thompson
Squids, which swim using a coupled fin/jet system powered by muscular hydrostats, pose unique challenges for the study of locomotion. The high flexibility of the fins and complex flow fields generated by distinct propulsion systems require innovative techniques for locomotive assessment. For this study, we used proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) to decouple components of the fin motions and defocusing digital particle tracking velocimetry (DDPTV) to quantify the resultant 3D flow fields. Kinematic footage and DDPTV data were collected from brief squid Lolliguncula brevis [3...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787868/individualized-tractography-based-parcellation-of-the-globus-pallidus-pars-interna-using-7t-mri-in-movement-disorder-patients-prior-to-dbs-surgery
#8
Rémi Patriat, Scott E Cooper, Yuval Duchin, Jacob Niederer, Christophe Lenglet, Joshua Aman, Michael C Park, Jerrold Vitek, Noam Harel
The success of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgeries for the treatment of movement disorders relies on the accurate placement of an electrode within the motor portion of subcortical brain targets. However, the high number of electrodes requiring relocation indicates that today's methods do not ensure sufficient accuracy for all patients. Here, with the goal of aiding DBS targeting, we use 7 T (T) MRI data to identify the functional territories and parcellate the globus pallidus interna (GPi) into motor, associative and limbic regions in individual subjects...
May 19, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786895/deep-brain-stimulation-treated-dystonia-trajectory-via-status-dystonicus
#9
Elodie Nerrant, Victoria Gonzalez, Christophe Milesi, Xavier Vasques, Diane Ruge, Thomas Roujeau, Isabel De Antonio Rubio, Fabienne Cyprien, Emilie Chan Seng, Diane Demailly, Agathe Roubertie, Alain Boularan, Fréderic Greco, Pierre-François Perrigault, Gilles Cambonie, Philippe Coubes, Laura Cif
BACKGROUND: Status dystonicus (SD) is a life-threatening condition. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In a dystonia cohort who developed status dystonicus, we analyzed demographics, background dystonia phenomenology and complexity, trajectory previous to-, via status dystonicus episodes, and evolution following them. RESULTS: Over 20 years, 40 of 328 dystonia patients who were receiving DBS developed 58 status dystonicus episodes. Dystonia was of pediatric onset (95%), frequently complex, and had additional cognitive and pyramidal impairment (62%) and MRI alterations (82...
May 22, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785932/cortical-thickness-correlates-of-minor-neurological-signs-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Simone Ciufolini, Maria Francesca Ponteduro, Tiago Reis-Marques, Heather Taylor, Valeria Mondelli, Carmine M Pariante, Stefania Bonaccorso, Raymond Chan, Andy Simmons, Anthony David, Marta Di Forti, Robin M Murray, Paola Dazzan
Neurological soft signs (NSS) are subtle abnormalities of motor and sensory function that are present in the absence of localized brain pathological lesions. In psychoses they have been consistently associated with a distinct pattern of cortical and subcortical brain structural alterations at the level of the heteromodal cortex and basal ganglia. However, a more specific and accurate evaluation of the cytoarchitecture of the cortical mantle could further advance our understanding of the neurobiological substrate of psychosis...
May 18, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785269/juvenile-steller-sea-lion-eumetopias-jubatus-utilization-distributions-in-the-gulf-of-alaska
#11
Amanda Bishop, Casey Brown, Michael Rehberg, Leigh Torres, Markus Horning
Background: A utilization distribution quantifies the temporal and spatial probability of space use for individuals or populations. These patterns in movement arise from individuals' internal state and from their response to the external environment, and thus can provide insights for assessing factors associated with the management of threatened populations. The Western Distinct Population Segment of the Steller sea lion ( Eumetopias jubatus ) has declined to approximately 20% of levels encountered 40 years ago...
2018: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782814/primary-assessment-of-the-patient-with-orbital-fractures-should-include-pupillary-response-and-visual-acuity-changes-to-detect-occult-major-ocular-injuries
#12
Jeffrey Chow, Krishnan Parthasarathi, Patrick Mehanna, Eline Whist
PURPOSE: Sight-threatening injuries associated with orbital fractures are of major concern to maxillofacial surgeons whom are often the first asked to assess these patients. Eliciting signs and symptoms that are predictive of these injuries would allow expedited ophthalmic consultation and appropriate management. We hypothesized that abnormal pupillary response is predictive of major ocular injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients with facial fractures was instituted with review of all associated ophthalmic injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782523/spatial-abundance-models-and-seasonal-distribution-for-guanaco-lama-guanicoe-in-central-tierra-del-fuego-argentina
#13
Celina E Flores, Guillermo Deferrari, Leonardo Collado, Julio Escobar, Adrián Schiavini
Spatially explicit modelling allows to estimate population abundance and predict species' distribution in relation to environmental factors. Abiotic factors are the main determinants of a herbivore´s response to environmental heterogeneity on large spatiotemporal scales. We assessed the influence of elevation, geographic location and distance to the coast on the seasonal abundance and distribution of guanaco (Lama guanicoe) in central Tierra del Fuego, by means of spatially explicit modelling. The estimated abundance was 23,690 individuals for the non-breeding season and 33,928 individuals for the breeding season...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782041/meta-analysis-of-brain-mechanisms-of-chewing-and-clenching-movements
#14
Chia-Shu Lin
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely used for investigating brain activation patterns associated with chewing and clenching movements. Whether studies consistently identify similar brain loci engaged in these movements remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the consistency with which specific brain loci were reported to be activated during teeth-occluding movements, using the activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#15
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781573/overexpression-of-ostf1l-a-rice-hd-zip-transcription-factor-promotes-lignin-biosynthesis-and-stomatal-closure-that-improves-drought-tolerance
#16
Seung Woon Bang, Dong-Keun Lee, Harin Jung, Pil Joong Chung, Youn Shic Kim, Yang Do Choi, Joo-Won Suh, Ju-Kon Kim
Drought stress seriously impacts on plant development and productivity. Improvement of drought tolerance without yield penalty is a great challenge in crop biotechnology. Here, we report that the rice (Oryza sativa) homeodomain-leucine zipper transcription factor gene, OsTF1L (Oryza sativa transcription factor 1-like), is a key regulator of drought tolerance mechanisms. Overexpression of the OsTF1L in rice significantly increased drought tolerance at the vegetative stages of growth and promoted both effective photosynthesis and a reduction in the water loss rate under drought conditions...
May 21, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780335/leg-movement-activity-during-sleep-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Corrado Garbazza, Cornelia Sauter, Juliane Paul, Jenny Kollek, Catharine Dujardin, Sandra Hackethal, Hans Dorn, Anita Peter, Marie-Luise Hansen, Mauro Manconi, Raffaele Ferri, Heidi Danker-Hopfe
Objectives: To conduct a first detailed analysis of the pattern of leg movement (LM) activity during sleep in adult subjects with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) compared to healthy controls. Methods: Fifteen ADHD patients and 18 control subjects underwent an in-lab polysomnographic sleep study. The periodic character of LMs was evaluated with established markers of "periodicity," i.e., the periodicity index, intermovement intervals, and time distribution of LM during sleep, in addition to standard parameters such as the periodic leg movement during sleep index (PLMSI) and the periodic leg movement during sleep arousal index (PLMSAI)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780303/closed-loop-deep-brain-stimulation-for-ptsd-addiction-and-disorders-of-affective-facial-interpretation-review-and-discussion-of-potential-biomarkers-and-stimulation-paradigms
#18
REVIEW
Robert W Bina, Jean-Phillipe Langevin
The treatment of psychiatric diseases with Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is becoming more of a reality as studies proliferate the indications and targets for therapies. Opinions on the initial failures of DBS trials for some psychiatric diseases point to a certain lack of finesse in using an Open Loop DBS (OLDBS) system in these dynamic, cyclical pathologies. OLDBS delivers monomorphic input into dysfunctional brain circuits with modulation of that input via human interface at discrete time points with no interim modulation or adaptation to the changing circuit dynamics...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779737/neurodevelopmental-perspectives-on-dance-learning-insights-from-early-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#19
Dilini K Sumanapala, Jon Walbrin, Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Studies investigating human motor learning and movement perception have shown that similar sensorimotor brain regions are engaged when we observe or perform action sequences. However, the way these networks enable translation of complex observed actions into motor commands-such as in the context of dance-remains poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that the ability to encode specific visuospatial and kinematic movement properties encountered via different routes of sensorimotor experience may be an integral component of action learning throughout development...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778980/the-influence-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-pelvis-hip-and-knee-kinematics-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Corien D M Nikamp, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman, Jaap H Buurke
BACKGROUND: Compensatory pelvis, hip- and knee movements are reported after stroke to overcome insufficient foot-clearance. Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are often used to improve foot-clearance, but the optimal timing of AFO-provision post-stroke is unknown. Early AFO-provision to prevent foot-drop might decrease the development of compensatory movements, but it is unknown whether timing of AFO-provision affects post-stroke kinematics. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: 1) To compare the effect of AFO-provision at two different points in time (early versus delayed) on frontal pelvis and hip, and sagittal hip and knee kinematics in patients with sub-acute stroke...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
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