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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674678/a-new-family-of-periplasmic-binding-proteins-that-sense-arsenic-oxyanions
#1
Consuelo Badilla, Thomas H Osborne, Ambrose Cole, Cameron Watson, Snezana Djordjevic, Joanne M Santini
Arsenic contamination of drinking water affects more than 140 million people worldwide. While toxic to humans, inorganic forms of arsenic (arsenite and arsenate), can be used as energy sources for microbial respiration. AioX and its orthologues (ArxX and ArrX) represent the first members of a new sub-family of periplasmic-binding proteins that serve as the first component of a signal transduction system, that's role is to positively regulate expression of arsenic metabolism enzymes. As determined by X-ray crystallography for AioX, arsenite binding only requires subtle conformational changes in protein structure, providing insights into protein-ligand interactions...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#2
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659681/snacking-recommendations-worldwide-a-scoping-review
#3
Monika Potter, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Undine Lehmann
Across the globe, dietary habits include the consumption of foods and drinks between main meals. Although often described as "snacks" or "snacking," there is no scientific consensus of what constitutes a snack, either as an eating occasion or as a snack food. Nonetheless, food-based dietary guidelines, compiled at national or regional levels by governments, learned societies, and health organizations, frequently refer to snacking habits and desirable or undesirable snack food choices. This review aims to provide a comprehensive snapshot of snacking recommendations worldwide...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658313/metabonomic-analysis-of-toxic-action-of-long-term-low-level-exposure-to-acrylamide-in-rat-serum
#4
C Cao, H Shi, M Zhang, L Bo, L Hu, S Li, S Chen, S Jia, Y J Liu, Y L Liu, X Zhao, L Zhang
This study assessed the effects of long-term, low-dose acrylamide (AA) administration in rats using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following four groups: control, low-dose AA (0.2 mg/kg BW), middle-dose AA (1 mg/kg BW), and high-dose AA (5 mg/kg BW). AA was administered to rats via drinking water ad libitum. After 16-week treatment, rat serum was collected for metabonomic analysis. Biochemical tests were further conducted to verify metabolic alterations...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656917/the-short-term-impacts-of-the-philadelphia-beverage-tax-on-beverage-consumption
#5
Yichen Zhong, Amy H Auchincloss, Brian K Lee, Genevieve P Kanter
INTRODUCTION: On January 1, 2017, Philadelphia implemented a beverage tax of $0.015/ounce on sugar ("regular") and sugar-substitute ("diet") beverages. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate impact of the tax on residents' consumption of soda, fruit drinks, energy drinks, and bottled water. METHODS: A repeat cross-sectional study design used data from a random-digit-dialing phone survey during a no-tax period (December 6-31, 2016) and a tax period (January 15-February 31, 2017) among 899 respondents in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and 878 respondents in three nearby comparison cities...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655561/interaction-between-the-physical-forms-of-starter-and-forage-source-on-growth-performance-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-dairy-calves
#6
H Omidi-Mirzaei, A Azarfar, A Kiani, M Mirzaei, M H Ghaffari
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the physical forms of starter and forage sources on feed intake, growth performance, rumen pH, and blood metabolites of dairy calves. Forty male Holstein calves (41.3 ± 3.5 kg of body weight) were used (n = 10 calves per treatment) in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments with the factors being physical forms of starter (coarse mash and texturized) and forage source [alfalfa hay (AH) and wheat straw (WS)]. Individually housed calves were randomly assigned to 1 of the 4 dietary treatments, including (1) coarsely mashed (CM; coarse ground grains combined with a mash supplement) starter feed with AH (CM-AH), (2) coarsely mashed starter feed with WS (CM-WS), (3) texturized feed starter (TF; includes steam-flaked corn, steam-rolled barley combined with a pelleted supplement) with AH (TF-AH), and (4) TF with WS (TF-WS)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642527/fluid-intake-and-beverage-consumption-description-and-their-association-with-dietary-vitamins-and-antioxidant-compounds-in-italian-adults-from-the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-aging-and-lifestyles-meal-study
#7
Armando Platania, Dora Castiglione, Dario Sinatra, Maurizio D' Urso, Marina Marranzano
The aim of the present study was to investigate the total water intake (TWI) from drinks and foods and to evaluate the correlation between the different types of drinks on energy and antioxidant intake. The cohort comprised 1602 individuals from the city of Catania in Southern Italy. A food frequency questionnaire was administered to assess dietary and water intake. The mean total water intake was 2.7 L; more than about two thirds of the sample met the European recommendations for water intake. Water and espresso coffee were the most consumed drinks...
April 9, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642492/effects-of-intragastric-administration-of-tryptophan-on-the-blood-glucose-response-to-a-nutrient-drink-and-energy-intake-in-lean-and-obese-men
#8
Sina S Ullrich, Penelope C E Fitzgerald, Pieter Giesbertz, Robert E Steinert, Michael Horowitz, Christine Feinle-Bisset
Tryptophan stimulates plasma cholecystokinin and pyloric pressures, both of which slow gastric emptying. Gastric emptying regulates postprandial blood glucose. Tryptophan has been reported to decrease energy intake. We investigated the effects of intragastric tryptophan on the glycaemic response to, and gastric emptying of, a mixed-nutrient drink, and subsequent energy intake. Lean and obese participants ( n = 16 each) received intragastric infusions of 1.5 g ("Trp-1.5g") or 3.0 g ("Trp-3.0g") tryptophan, or control, and 15 min later consumed a mixed-nutrient drink (56 g carbohydrates)...
April 8, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625706/pharmaceutical-cognitive-doping-in-students-a-chimeric-way-to-get-a-head
#9
Louise Carton, Nicolas Cabé, Olivier Ménard, Sylvie Deheul, Anne-Sylvie Caous, David Devos, Olivier Cottencin, Régis Bordet
For students, the pressing demands for memorization, top-level performance, and peer competition create an environment favorable for pharmaceutical cognitive doping behavior. We aimed to describe recent practices and the benefit/risk ratio of such behavior and to discuss the issues at stake. The prevalence of pharmaceutical cognitive doping among students has been reported from 1.3% to 33% across studies, with variations depending on country and definition of pharmaceutical cognitive doping. The therapeutic classes most frequently cited as being diverted for doping purposes are psychostimulants and nootropics (methylphenidate, modafinil, piracetam), corticosteroids, sedative drugs and beta-blockers...
March 6, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624683/evaluation-of-the-association-between-the-number-of-natural-teeth-and-anemia-among-korean-adults-using-nationally-representative-data
#10
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND: Anemia as a chronic disease is defined as anemia occurring in chronic infections with inflammatory conditions. The purpose of this study is to assess the association between the number of natural teeth and anemia using nationally representative data. METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2012. A total of 16,875 respondents over 19 years old without missing values were included in this study...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619796/overnight-fasting-compromises-exercise-intensity-and-volume-during-sprint-interval-training-but-improves-high-intensity-aerobic-endurance
#11
Tasuku Terada, Saeed R Toghi Eshghi, Yilina Liubaoerjijin, Michael Kennedy, Etienne Myette-Côté, Kevin Fletcher, Normand G Boulé
BACKGROUND: The combined effects of sprint interval training (SIT) and exercising in the fasted state are unknown. We compared the effects of SIT with exogenous carbohydrate supplementation (SITCHO) and SIT following overnight fast (SITFast) on aerobic capacity (peak oxygen consumption: V̇ O2peak) and high-intensity aerobic endurance (time-to-exhaustion at 85% V̇ O2peak [T85%]). METHODS: Twenty male cyclists were randomized to SITCHO and SITFast. Both groups performed 30-second all-out cycling followed by 4-minute active recovery 3 times per week for 4 weeks, with the number of sprint bouts progressing from 4 to 7...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618222/adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-associated-with-parent-intake-not-knowledge-of-health-risks
#12
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Solveig Cunningham, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent knowledge of SSB-related health risks. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional. SETTING: 2014 SummerStyles survey. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred and ninety parent and adolescent (12-17 years) pairs. MEASURES: The outcome was self-reported adolescent intake (0, >0 to <1, or ≥1 time/day) of SSBs (soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, other SSBs)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617964/hippocampal-subcellular-organelle-proteomic-alteration-of-copper-treated-mice
#13
Haitao Yu, Xin Jiang, Xuemei Lin, Zaijun Zhang, Desheng Wu, Li Zhou, Jianjun Liu, Xifei Yang
Copper neurotoxicity has been implicated in multiple neurological diseases. However, there is a lack of deep understanding on copper neurotoxicity, especially for low-dose copper exposure. In this study, we investigated the effects of chronic, low-dose copper treatment (0.13 ppm copper chloride in drinking water) on hippocampal mitochondrial and nuclear proteome in mice by two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled with MALDI-TOF-MS/MS. Behavioral tests revealed that low-dose copper caused spatial memory impairment, DNA oxidative damage as well as loss of synaptic proteins...
March 30, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614035/investigating-the-nutritional-and-recovery-habits-of-tennis-players
#14
James A Fleming, Robert J Naughton, Liam D Harper
In this study, the nutritional and recovery habits of tennis players pre-, during, and post-match-play were investigated. Seventy tennis players completed a bespoke nutrition and recovery habits questionnaire, with questions related to the following areas: match preparation, intra-match nutritional habits, situation dependent variables, and post-match nutrition and recovery. On match day-1, the consumption of balanced meals consisting of carbohydrate (CHO), fat and protein, with some micronutrient considerations were reported by 51% of players...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605768/perinatal-exposure-to-energy-drink-induces-oxidative-damage-in-the-liver-kidney-and-brain-and-behavioral-alterations-in-mice-offspring
#15
Gadh I Al-Basher, Hanan Aljabal, Rafa S Almeer, Ahmed A Allam, Ayman M Mahmoud
The worldwide consumption of energy drinks (EDs) has increased in recent years. EDs have several side effects and can be linked to liver injury, kidney damage and risk-seeking behavior. The impact of perinatal consumption of EDs on the newborns has not been previously investigated. In this study, we evaluated the effects of perinatal exposure to a caffeinated ED on the liver, kidney, brain, locomotor activity and anxiety in mice newborns. Pregnant mice received 2.5 or 5 ml ED by oral gavage from the first day of pregnancy until day 15 after birth...
March 29, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601488/a-comparison-of-the-satiety-effects-of-a-fruit-smoothie-its-fresh-fruit-equivalent-and-other-drinks
#16
Peter J Rogers, Roya Shahrokni
Energy-containing liquids are claimed to have relatively low satiating power, although energy in liquids is not without effect on appetite. Using the preload test-meal method, effects on fullness and energy intake compensation were compared across four drinks (water, blackcurrant squash, milk and fruit smoothie) and the fresh fruit equivalent of the smoothie. Preload volumes were similar, and the energy value of each preload was 569 kJ, except for water (0 kJ). Healthy, adult participants rated the preloads for liking, enjoyment, satisfaction, familiarity and how 'food-like' they seemed...
March 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600328/cross-sectional-association-of-dietary-water-intakes-and-sources-and-adiposity-national-adult-nutrition-survey-the-republic-of-ireland
#17
Janette Walton, Laura O'Connor, Albert Flynn
PURPOSE: Drinking (plain) water intake has been associated with weight loss and reducing energy intake in intervention trials. In free-living populations, replacing other beverages with drinking water is associated with reduced obesity risk. However, the association of total water intake and its sources, and body fat distribution remain unevaluated. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate total water intake and its sources and the association with anthropometric measures. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 1500 adults aged 18-90 years (Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey, 2008-2010)...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597308/-obesogenic-school-food-environments-an-urban-case-study-in-the-netherlands
#18
Joris Timmermans, Coosje Dijkstra, Carlijn Kamphuis, Marlijn Huitink, Egbert van der Zee, Maartje Poelman
(1) Background: This study aimed to explore and define socio-economic (SES) differences in urban school food environments in The Netherlands. (2) Methods: Retail food outlets, ready-to-eat products, in-store food promotions and food advertisements in public space were determined within 400 m walking distance of all secondary schools in the 4th largest city of The Netherlands. Fisher's exact tests were conducted. (3) Results: In total, 115 retail outlets sold ready-to-eat food and drink products during school hours...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595155/process-optimization-of-cnp-removal-from-industrial-soft-drink-wastewater-in-a-single-up-flow-a2o-with-continuous-feed-and-intermittent-discharge-regime
#19
Amir Nouri, Ali Akbar Zinatizadeh
Simultaneous removal of carbon and nutrients (CNP) in a single laboratory-scale bioreactor is advantageous in terms of reactor volume and energy consumption. In this study, an innovative up-flow anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic (A2O) single bioreactor with continuous feed and intermittent discharge (CFID) regime equipped with a movable aerator in the reactor height for simultaneous removal of CNP from soft drinks wastewater was successfully designed, fabricated and operated. The effects of four independent variables, i...
March 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594327/coffee-consumption-metabolic-syndrome-and-clinical-severity-of-psoriasis-good-or-bad-stuff
#20
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giuseppe Annunziata, Matteo Megna, Andrea Falco, Anna Balato, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
Despite the wide consumption of coffee, its anti-inflammatory effect on clinical severity of psoriasis is still debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the coffee consumption and clinical severity of psoriasis in a sample of patients stratified according to the presence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and smoking. This cross-sectional case-control observational study was conducted on 221 treatment-naïve psoriatic patients. Lifestyle habits, anthropometric measures, clinical and biochemical evaluations were obtained...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
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