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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538925/diet-and-body-fat-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#1
Bruna Celestino Schneider, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção
Adipose tissue is a vital component of the human body, but in excess, it represents a risk to health. According to the World Health Organization, one of the main factors determining excessive body adiposity is the dietary habit. This systematic review investigated longitudinal studies that assessed the association between diet and body fat in adolescents and young adults. Twenty-one relevant papers published between 2001 and 2015 were selected. The most used method for estimating body fat was the body mass index (15 studies)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535825/the-effect-of-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-selected-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-four-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Sharon L Fulton, Michelle C McKinley, Charlotte E Neville, Francina R Baldrick, Ciara Mulligan, Damian O McCall, David R McCance, J D Edgar, J S Elborn, Ian S Young, Chris C Patterson, Jayne V Woodside
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is associated with reduced risk of a number of non-communicable diseases. Research tends to focus on antioxidants, flavonoids and polyphenols contained in FV as the main beneficial components to health; however, increasing FV may also alter overall diet profile. Extra FV may be substituted for foods thought to be less healthy, therefore altering the overall macronutrient and/or micronutrient content in the diet. This analysis merged dietary data from four intervention studies in participants with varying health conditions and examined the effect of increased FV consumption on diet profile...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530429/a-daily-diary-examination-of-caffeine-mixed-with-alcohol-among-college-students
#3
Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use is associated with a range of substance-related problems. The majority of prior research on CABs is based on cross-sectional and retrospective reports, which do not account for intraindividual differences in use and may be subject to recall biases. The current research used a daily diary, within-subjects design to compare days where individuals simultaneously mixed alcohol with caffeine (CAB days) and days where individuals drank other types of alcohol (non-CAB days) on alcohol use outcomes...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527645/energy-drinks-and-atrial-fibrillation-in-young-adults
#4
Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Sonia Pennella, Alberto Farinetti, Antonio Manenti
The present paper evaluates the association between Energy Drinks (EDs) and occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in young people. Data from three clinical cases of AF after EDs consumption are reported. All patients presented with palpitations, nausea and anxiety. ECG showed AF with high ventricular response (135-170 bpm range frequency). Anamnestic record reported a high consumption of EDs during the previous 8 h from the onset of AF. In one case ED was associated with a moderate quantity of alcohol. Patients were successfully cardioverted both spontaneously and after pharmacological treatment...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527378/life-cycle-assessment-of-superheated-steam-drying-technology-as-a-novel-cow-manure-management-method
#5
Mohammadmatin Hanifzadeh, Zahra Nabati, Pairote Longka, Pomthong Malakul, Defne Apul, Dong-Shik Kim
Common methods of managing dairy manure are directly applying it to the farm field as a fertilizer. For direct application without any type of treatment, the majority of nutrients in the manure run off to the local river and lake during precipitation periods. The algae bloom is one of the environmental outcomes due to eutrophication of the lakes, which may jeopardize the quality of drinking water. In this study, superheated steam drying (SSD) technology is investigated as an alternative manure management method...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526393/energy-drink-consumption-and-marketing-in-south-africa
#6
Nicholas Stacey, Corné van Walbeek, Mashekwa Maboshe, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Energy drinks are a fast-growing class of beverage containing high levels of caffeine and sugar. Advertising and marketing have been key to their growth in South Africa. This paper documents trends in energy drink consumption and energy drink advertising, and examines the relationship between exposure to energy drink advertising and consumption. Logistic regressions were estimated of categories of energy drink consumption on individual characteristics, as well as exposure to energy drink advertising. Exposure to advertising is measured by reported viewing of channels high in energy drink advertising...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523982/caffeine-intake-and-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-is-there-relationship
#7
Inés Sánchez-Sellero, Elena San-Román-Rodríguez, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVES: Although it is commonly recognized that dietary restrictions may improve the clinical course of Menière's disease, their effectiveness has not been definitely demonstrated. The aim of this study was to examine whether caffeine consumption could be involved in Menière's disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational, case-control study, comparing caffeine consumption (intake of coffee, tea, kola-type beverages, energy drinks, and chocolate-containing beverages or foods) between patients with Menière's disease (group A) and patients affected by vertigo with other origins (group B) and/or control subjects (group C)...
May 19, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523035/prevalence-side-effects-and-awareness-about-energy-drinks-among-the-female-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Mohamudha Parveen Rahamathulla
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consumption, prevalence, side effects and awareness of energy drinks among female university students in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A quantitative research design was implied with sample size of 358 female students, recruited from Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University. The data, gathered through self-administered questionnaire, was analyzed through SPSS version 20.0 with p value <0.005 deemed statistically significant. RESULTS: From the sample of 358 female students, 337 attempted the questionnaire from which 274 students were identified as energy drink consumers...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518003/caffeine-consumption-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#9
Thomas E Sather, Ronald D Williams, Donald R Delorey, Conrad L Woolsey
INTRODUCTION: Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511732/outbreak-of-diarrhoea-among-participants-of-a-triathlon-and-a-duathlon-on-12-july-2015-in-utrecht-the-netherlands
#10
S Parkkali, R Joosten, E Fanoy, R Pijnacker, J VAN Beek, D Brandwagt, W VAN Pelt
On 12 July 2015, a triathlon competition with 900 participants took place in Utrecht, the Netherlands. An outbreak investigation was initiated after 56 participants reported health complaints. An online questionnaire was sent to 700 participants. Stool specimens from six participants and four water specimens were collected from the swimming location. A total of 239 participants completed the questionnaire (response rate: 34%), 73 (31%) of them met the case definition for acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI)...
May 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507478/melatonin-regulates-the-aging-mouse-hippocampal-homeostasis-via-the-sirtuin1-foxo1-pathway
#12
Anorut Jenwitheesuk, Parichart Boontem, Prapimpun Wongchitrat, Jiraporn Tocharus, Sujira Mukda, Piyarat Govitrapong
Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) and forkhead box transcription factor O subfamily 1 (FOXO1) play vital roles in the maintenance of hippocampal neuronal homeostasis during aging. Our previous study showed that melatonin, a hormone mainly secreted by the pineal gland, restored the impaired memory of aged mice. Age-related neuronal energy deficits contribute to the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. An attempt has been made to determine whether the effect of melatonin is mediated through the SIRT1-FOXO1 pathways...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506637/thiamine-and-benfotiamine-prevent-stress-induced-suppression-of-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-mice-exposed-to-predation-without-affecting-brain-thiamine-diphosphate-levels
#13
Julie Vignisse, Margaux Sambon, Anna Gorlova, Dmitrii Pavlov, Nicolas Caron, Brigitte Malgrange, Elena Shevtsova, Andrey Svistunov, Daniel C Anthony, Natalyia Markova, Natalyia Bazhenova, Bernard Coumans, Bernard Lakaye, Pierre Wins, Tatyana Strekalova, Lucien Bettendorff
Thiamine is essential for normal brain function and its deficiency causes metabolic impairment, specific lesions, oxidative damage and reduced adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN). Thiamine precursors with increased bioavailability, especially benfotiamine, exert neuroprotective effects not only for thiamine deficiency (TD), but also in mouse models of neurodegeneration. As it is known that AHN is impaired by stress in rodents, we exposed C57BL6/J mice to predator stress for 5 consecutive nights and studied the proliferation (number of Ki67-positive cells) and survival (number of BrdU-positive cells) of newborn immature neurons in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus...
May 12, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504534/food-for-happy-thought-glucose-protects-age-related-positivity-effects-under-cognitive-load
#14
Konstantinos Mantantzis, Friederike Schlaghecken, Elizabeth A Maylor
Older adults show a preference for positive information, which disappears under high task demands. We examined whether glucose can help older adults preserve their positivity effect (PE) under high cognitive load. One hundred twenty-two adults (40 young and 42 older in Experiment 1; 40 older in Experiment 2) consumed a glucose (25 g) or a taste-matched placebo drink and completed an immediate recall task of emotional word-lists presented under high- and low-load conditions. Older adults showed PEs for low-load lists...
May 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504180/the-glycogen-of-galdieria-sulphuraria-as-alternative-to-starch-for-the-production-of-slowly-digestible-and-resistant-glucose-polymers
#15
Marta Martinez-Garcia, Akrivi Kormpa, Marc J E C van der Maarel
Highly branched glucose polymers produced from starch are applied in various products, such as peritoneal dialysis solutions and sports drinks. Due to its insoluble, granular nature, the use of native starch as substrate requires an energy consuming pre-treatment to achieve solubilization at the expense of process costs. Glycogen, like starch, is also a natural glucose polymer that shows more favorable features, since it is readily soluble in cold water and more accessible by enzymes. The extremophilic red microalga Galdieria sulphuraria accumulates large amounts of a small, highly branched glycogen that could represent a good alternative to starch as substrate for the production of highly branched glucose polymers...
August 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491924/the-nutrient-density-of-snacks-a-comparison-of-nutrient-profiles-of-popular-snack-foods-using-the-nutrient-rich-foods-index
#16
Julie Hess, Goutham Rao, Joanne Slavin
Background: Although Americans receive almost a quarter of their daily energy from snacks, snacking remains a poorly defined and understood eating occasion. However, there is little dietary guidance about choosing snacks. Families, clinicians, and researchers need a comprehensive approach to assessing their nutritional value. Objective: To quantify and compare the nutrient density of commonly consumed snacks by their overall nutrient profiles using the Nutrient-Rich Foods (NRF) Index 10.3. Methods: NRF Index scores were calculated for the top 3 selling products (based on 2014 market research data) in different snack categories...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487141/a-randomized-cross-over-study-of-the-effects-of-macronutrient-composition-and-meal-frequency-on-glp-1-ghrelin-and-energy-expenditure-in-humans
#17
Simon Ingves, Nathalie Vilhelmsson, Edvin Ström, Mats Fredrikson, Hans Guldbrand, Fredrik H Nystrom
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about human postprandial increase of energy expenditure and satiety-associated hormones in relation to both meal frequency and macronutrient composition. DESIGN: Randomized cross-over study with four conditions for each participant. METHODS: Seven men and seven women (mean age 23±1.5years) were randomly assigned to the order of intake of a 750kcal drink with the same protein content while having either 20 energy-percent (E%) or 55 E% from carbohydrates and the remaining energy from fat...
May 6, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487104/sugar-sweetened-beverages-consumption-is-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-risk-in-diabetic-patients
#18
Razieh Anari, Reza Amani, Masoud Veissi
AIM: Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are any beverages containing added-sugar and supposed to increase body lipogenesis and fat accumulation in healthy subjects. This study was performed to assess the possible association between SSBs consumption and obesity in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. METHODS: T2DM adults with no insulin treatment entered the study. Abdominal obesity and general adiposity were determined using waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI), respectively...
April 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485266/energy-contribution-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-refills-at-fast-food-restaurants
#19
Andrew Breck, Jonathan H Cantor, Brian Elbel
OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and consumer characteristics associated with refilling a soft drink at fast-food restaurants and the estimated energy content and volume of those refills. DESIGN: Logistic and linear regression with cross-sectional survey data. SETTING: Data include fast-food restaurant receipts and consumer surveys collected from restaurants in New York City (all boroughs except Staten Island), and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey, during 2013 and 2014...
May 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475596/long-term-rebaudioside-a-treatment-does-not-alter-circadian-activity-rhythms-adiposity-or-insulin-action-in-male-mice
#20
Thomas H Reynolds, Rachelle A Soriano, Obadi A Obadi, Stanley Murkland, Bernard Possidente
Obesity is a major public health problem that is highly associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, two conditions associated with circadian disruption. To date, dieting is one of the only interventions that result in substantial weight loss, but restricting caloric intake is difficult to maintain long-term. The use of artificial sweeteners, particularly in individuals that consume sugar sweetened beverages (energy drinks, soda), can reduce caloric intake and possibly facilitate weight loss. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of the artificial sweetener, rebaudioside A (Reb-A), on circadian rhythms, in vivo insulin action, and the susceptibility to diet-induced obesity...
2017: PloS One
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