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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530478/validity-of-a-linear-velocity-transducer-for-testing-maximum-vertical-jumps
#1
Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Belén Feriche, Slobodan Jaric, Paulino Padial, Amador García-Ramos
This study aimed to examine the validity of mechanical variables obtained by a linear velocity transducer from the unconstrained and constrained squat jump (SJ). Twenty-three men were tested on the unconstrained SJ and the SJ constrained by a Smith machine. Maximum values of force, velocity, and power were simultaneously recorded both by a linear velocity transducer attached to a bar of mass of 17, 30, 45, 60 and 75 kg and by a force plate. Linear velocity transducer generally overestimated the outcomes measured as compared to the force plate, particularly in unconstrained SJ...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513281/short-term-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-muscle-recruitment-order-during-a-vertical-jump-a-pilot-study
#2
Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Alexis Dabanch-Santis, Francisco Diaz-Valenzuela
CONTEXT: Kinesio taping is commonly used in sports and rehabilitation settings with the aim of prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. However, limited evidence exists regarding the effects of 24 and 72 h of kinesio taping on trunk and lower limb neuromuscular and kinetic performance during a vertical jump. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the short-term effects of kinesio taping on the height and ground reaction force during a vertical jump, in addition to trunk and lower limb muscle latency and recruitment order...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511496/effect-of-passive-active-and-combined-warm-up-on-lower-limb-muscle-performance-and-dynamic-stability-in-recreational-sports-players
#3
Kedar Gogte, Prateek Srivastav, Ganesh Balthillaya Miyaru
INTRODUCTION: Warm up is an activity that is done before a sports activity. The warm up can be done actively and passively. The preferred mode is active warm up in athletes. There are inconclusive effects of passive warm up compared with an active warm up on short term muscle performance. The cumulative effect of passive and active warm up on muscle performance and dynamic stability is not known. AIM: To find out the effects of passive, active and combined warm up on lower limb muscle performance and dynamic stability in recreational sports players...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473614/lower-limb-explosive-strength-capacity-in-elderly-women-effects-of-resistance-training-and-healthy-diet
#4
Peter Edholm, Emelie Strandberg, Fawzi Kadi
The effects of 24-weeks of resistance training combined with a healthy diet on lower limb explosive strength capacity were investigated in a population of healthy elderly women. Participants (n=63; 67.5 ± 0.4 yrs) were randomized into three groups; resistance training (RT), resistance training and healthy diet (RT-HD) and control (CON). Progressive resistance training was performed at a load of 75%-85% 1 RM. A major adjustment in the healthy dietary approach was an n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio below 2. Lower limb maximal strength, explosive force capacity during dynamic and isometric movements, whole body lean mass and physical function were assessed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469753/the-effect-of-acute-and-chronic-exposure-to-hypobaric-hypoxia-on-loaded-squat-jump-performance
#5
Amador García-Ramos, Paulino Padial, Blanca De la Fuente, Javier Argüelles-Cienfuegos, Juan Bonitch-Góngora, Belén Feriche
The present study aimed (1) to compare loaded squat jump performance after an acute and chronic exposure to a moderate natural altitude between normoxia and hypobaric hypoxia conditions, and (2) to analyze the effect of an altitude training camp on loaded jump squat development. Sixteen male swimmers (17.1 ± 0.8 years) took part in a 17-day training camp at a natural moderate altitude. They were randomly tested in counterbalanced order on days 1 and 3 in normoxia and hypoxia (pretest) and on days 15 and 17 again in normoxia and hypoxia (posttest)...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456149/plasma-chemerin-in-young-untrained-men-association-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-physical-performance-and-response-to-intensive-interval-training
#6
Nejmeddine Ouerghi, Mohamed Kacem Ben Fradj, Marwa Khammassi, Moncef Feki, Naziha Kaabachi, Anissa Bouassida
OBJECTIVES: Chemerin is an adipose tissue-derived adipokine thought to decrease insulin sensitivity and increase cardiometabolic risk. This study aimed to assess the association of chemerin with cardiometabolic risk and physical performance and examine its response to high-intensity interval training (HIIT). METHODS: Eighteen young men have been applied a HIIT program during 8 weeks. Plasma chemerin together with several cardiometabolic factors and physical performance indices were determined before and after the training program...
February 15, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426516/physical-profiles-of-female-academy-netball-players-by-position
#7
Christopher Thomas, Kemal Thomas Ismail, Robert Simpson, Paul Comfort, Paul A Jones, Thomas Dos'Santos
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the height, body mass and physical characteristics of female academy netball players by position (centers, defenders and shooters). Data were collected on 43 regional academy players during the preseason period and comprised of height and body mass, and physical characteristics (single-leg hop [SLH], squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], 5- and 10-m sprint, 505 and cardiorespiratory fitness). Defenders and shooters demonstrated significantly (p = < 0.05; d ≥ 1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426514/comparison-of-the-hang-high-pull-and-loaded-jump-squat-for-the-development-of-vertical-jump-and-isometric-force-time-characteristics
#8
Dustin J Oranchuk, Tracey L Robinson, Zachary J Switaj, Eric J Drinkwater
Weightlifting movements have high skill demands and require expert coaching. Loaded jumps have a comparably lower skill demand, but may be similarly effective for improving explosive performance. The purpose of this study was to compare vertical jump performance, isometric force, and rate of force development (RFD) following a ten-week intervention employing the hang high-pull (hang-pull) or trap-bar jump squat (jump-squat). Eighteen NCAA Division II swimmers (8 males, 10 females) with at least one year of resistance training experience volunteered to participate...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416900/measurement-errors-when-estimating-the-vertical-jump-height-with-flight-time-using-photocell-devices-the-example-of-optojump
#9
A Attia, W Dhahbi, A Chaouachi, J Padulo, D P Wong, K Chamari
Common methods to estimate vertical jump height (VJH) are based on the measurements of flight time (FT) or vertical reaction force. This study aimed to assess the measurement errors when estimating the VJH with flight time using photocell devices in comparison with the gold standard jump height measured by a force plate (FP). The second purpose was to determine the intrinsic reliability of the Optojump photoelectric cells in estimating VJH. For this aim, 20 subjects (age: 22.50±1.24 years) performed maximal vertical jumps in three modalities in randomized order: the squat jump (SJ), counter-movement jump (CMJ), and CMJ with arm swing (CMJarm)...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394833/optimizing-half-squat-post-activation-potential-load-in-squat-jump-training-for-eliciting-relative-maximal-power-in-ski-jumpers
#10
A Gołaś, M Wilk, P Statsny, A Maszczyk, K Pajerska, A Zajac
Training load manipulation in a single workout session can increase or decrease training effectiveness in terms of athlete's strength or power gains. In ski jumping the complex training that elicits maximal power gains may take advantage of the post activation potentiation mechanism (PAP). The aim of research was to evaluate the changes in rate of force development (RFD), rate of power development (RPD) and jump height during a complex training session consisted of the barbell half squat (Sq) as an conditioning exercise with loads ranged between 60-100% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM), followed by a body weight squat jump (SqJ) as a performance task...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391770/differences-in-the-utilisation-of-active-power-in-squat-and-countermovement-jumps
#11
Damián Ferraro, Gabriel Fábrica
The aim of this article was to understand how active power is used in squat and countermovement jumps. A simple empirical model comprising a mass, a spring, an active element and a damper, together with an optimisation principle, was used to identify the mechanical factors that maximise performance of jumps without countermovement (squat jumps, SJ) and with countermovement (CMJ). Twelve amateur volleyball players performed SJ from two initial positions and CMJ with two degrees of counterbalancing, while kinematic data were collected (jump height, push-off duration and position of the centre of mass)...
July 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361651/interrelationships-among-jumping-power-sprinting-power-and-pubertal-status-after-controlling-for-size-in-young-male-soccer-players
#12
Giovani S Cunha, Sean P Cumming, João Valente-Dos-Santos, João P Duarte, Gustavo Silva, Antonio C Dourado, Gabriela T Leites, Adroaldo C Gaya, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira, Manuel Coelho-E-Silva
This study examined power output on jumping and sprinting tests in young soccer players of differing pubertal status, while controlling for body size with allometric scaling exponents. A total of 46 males aged 12-18 years (14.17 years) were divided into three groups: pre-pubescent ( n = 12), pubescent ( n = 22), and post-pubescent ( n = 12). Participants performed a series of tests, including the squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), and 10-meter and 30-meter sprint test protocols. The Post-PUB group was older ( F = 112...
April 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340491/comparison-of-skillful-vs-less-skilled-young-soccer-players-on-anthropometric-maturation-physical-fitness-and-time-of-practice
#13
Márcio André de Gouvêa, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva, David Ohara, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque
This study compared maturation, body composition and physical fitness between youth soccer athletes with different technical skills levels. Sixty-two young athletes (11-17 years) were categorized dichotomously in more skilled (n=31) and less skilled (n=31) groups based on 3 specific technical tests (Dribbling Speed Test [DST], Shuttle Dribble Test [SDT] and Slalom Dribble Test [SLDT]). Chronological and skeletal age, time of practice, body composition and 4 physical fitness tests were performed for comparisons...
May 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339350/the-effect-of-initial-knee-angle-on-concentric-only-squat-jump-performance
#14
Lachlan J Mitchell, Christos K Argus, Kristie-Lee Taylor, Jeremy M Sheppard, Dale W Chapman
PURPOSE: There is uncertainty as to which knee angle during a squat jump (SJ) produces maximal jump performance. Importantly, understanding this information will aid in determining appropriate ratios for assessment and monitoring of the explosive characteristics of athletes. METHOD: This study compared SJ performance across different knee angles-90º, 100º, 110º, 120º, 130º, and a self-selected depth-for jump height and other kinetic characteristics. For comparison between SJ and an unconstrained dynamic movement, participants also performed a countermovement jump from a self-selected depth...
June 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338357/neuromuscular-fatigue-after-repeated-jumping-with-concomitant-electrical-stimulation
#15
Daria Neyroud, Jimmy Samararatne, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
PURPOSE: We evaluated the etiology and extent of neuromuscular fatigue induced by fifty squat jumps performed with and without neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the knee extensors. METHODS: Nine healthy recreationally active males (24 ± 2 years old) took part in two experiments. These consisted of fifty squat jumps performed with stimulation (NMES) or without (CON). Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, maximal voluntary activation level (VAL) and forces evoked by single and double (10 and 100 Hz) stimulations were recorded before and after the fifty jumps...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328713/the-effect-of-standard-strength-vs-contrast-strength-training-on-the-development-of-sprint-agility-repeated-change-of-direction-and-jump-in-junior-male-soccer-players
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mehréz Hammami, Yassine Negra, Roy J Shephard, Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly
Hammami, M, Negra, Y, Shephard, RJ, and Chelly, MS. The effect of standard strength vs. contrast strength training on the development of sprint, agility, repeated change of direction, and jump in junior male soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 901-912, 2017-The aim was to compare the impact of 2 differing strength training (ST) programs on the athletic performance of junior male soccer players at a critical phase during their competitive season. Participants aged 16.0 ± 0.5 years were randomly assigned between control (C, n = 12), standard ST (n = 16), and contrast strength training (CST, n = 16), each performed twice a week...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285432/a-low-dose-6-week-bovine-colostrum-supplementation-maintains-performance-and-attenuates-inflammatory-indices-following-a-loughborough-intermittent-shuttle-test-in-soccer-players
#17
Yiannis Kotsis, Anastasia Mikellidi, Cleopatra Aresti, Eleni Persia, Aristomenis Sotiropoulos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Smaragdi Antonopoulou, Tzortzis Nomikos
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a 6-week, low-dose bovine colostrum (BC) supplementation on exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and performance decline in soccer players following the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST) during a competitive season period. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled design, two groups of soccer players were allocated to a 3.2 g/day of whey protein (WP, N = 8) or BC (N = 10) and performed a pre- and a post-supplementation LIST...
March 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277426/effect-of-cold-water-immersion-performed-on-successive-days-on-physical-performance-muscle-damage-and-inflammatory-hormonal-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-volleyball-players
#18
Victor H de Freitas, Solange P Ramos, Maurício G Bara-Filho, Daniel G S Freitas, Danilo R Coimbra, Rubens Cecchini, Flávia A Guarnier, Fábio Y Nakamura
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of daily cold water immersion (CWI) on physical performance, muscle damage, and inflammatory, hormonal, and oxidative stress markers in volleyball. Six players were submitted to CWI and six players to a placebo, during 5 training days. Thigh circumference, squat jump, and agility were measured on the 1, 3 and 6 days. On the 1 and 6 days, blood and saliva were collected for analysis of oxidative stress, muscle damage, and inflammatory and hormonal levels. Muscle soreness and countermovement jump were quantified daily...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240711/a-self-paced-team-sport-match-simulation-results-in-reductions-in-voluntary-activation-and-modifications-to-biological-perceptual-and-performance-measures-at-half-time-and-for-up-to-96-hours-post-match
#19
Paul Tofari, Justin Kemp, Stuart Cormack
Assessing responses to soccer match-play is limited by match variability or unrealistic simulations. To address this, the biological, perceptual, and performance response were assessed using a self-paced, simulated soccer match protocol using a non-motorized treadmill. Twelve male team-sport athletes performed the 90-min simulation. Match activity; quadriceps twitch interpolation [voluntary activation (%VA) and potentiated twitch (POT)]; biochemical markers; strength and power performance; rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and self-report wellness were collected pre-, half-time, post-, and 2, 24, 48, 72 and 96-h post-match...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240708/movement-patterns-and-muscle-damage-during-simulated-rugby-sevens-matches-in-national-team-players
#20
Lucas A Pereira, Fábio Y Nakamura, José E Moraes, Katia Kitamura, Solange P Ramos, Irineu Loturco
The aim of this study was to analyze the match performance (i.e., distance covered in different intensities), signs of muscle damage (assessed by means of creatine kinase [CK] activity and rate of force development [RFD]), and neuromuscular fatigue (using linear sprint and vertical jump performances) following three single-day simulated matches performed by rugby sevens players from the Brazilian National Team. Ten male rugby sevens players (25.2 ± 3.6 years; 88.7 ± 7.1 kg; 182.2 ± 6.3 cm) participated in this study...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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