keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epidemics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239566/biological-and-historical-overview-of-zika-virus
#1
REVIEW
Najealicka Armstrong, Wangheng Hou, Qiyi Tang
The recent outbreak of the Zika virus attracts worldwide attention probably because the most recently affected country (Brazil) will host the 2016 Olympic Game. Zika virus infected cases are now spreading to many other countries and its infection might be linked to some severe medical sequelae. Since its first isolation from the infected monkey in 1947 in Uganda, only a few studies had been taken until recent outbreak. According to the history of referenced publications, there is a 19-year gap from 1989 to 2007...
February 12, 2017: World Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239510/lidocaine-infusion-a-promising-therapeutic-approach-for-chronic-pain
#2
Enas Kandil, Emily Melikman, Bryon Adinoff
Opioid abuse is a national epidemic in the United States, where it is estimated that a prescription drug overdose death occurs every 19 minutes. While opioids are highly effective in acute and subacute pain control, their use for treatment of chronic pain is controversial. Chronic opioids use is associated with tolerance, dependency, hyperalgesia. Although there are new strategies and practice guidelines to reduce opioid dependence and opioid prescription drug overdose, there has been little focus on development of opioid-sparing therapeutic approaches...
January 2017: Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239009/life-begins-at-60-identifying-the-social-support-needs-of-african-american-women-aging-with-hiv
#3
Lari Warren-Jeanpiere, Heather Dillaway, Pilar Hamilton, Mary Young, Lakshmi Goparaju
HIV chronicity has resulted in increased life expectancy for many African American women who acquired the disease during the epidemic's peak years. As these women live longer and age, their social support needs may increase. Five focus groups were conducted in Washington, DC with 23 HIV-positive African American women aged 52-65 to explore women's perceptions about how aging and HIV chronicity affects their social support needs. Participants were recruited from the longitudinal Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) participant pool...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238991/where-the-u-s-tobacco-epidemic-still-rages-most-remaining-smokers-have-lower-socioeconomic-status
#4
Arnold H Levinson
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the proportion of U.S. smokers who have low socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: We used 2012 data from a national supplement to The Attitudes and Behaviors Survey on Health (TABS), a periodic population survey of Colorado adults. We estimated smoking prevalence and total smokers by education, poverty level, occupation, health insurance status, and combinations of these factors. RESULTS: Smoking prevalence across low-SES categories ranged from 24...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238882/rheumatic-manifestations-associated-with-chikungunya-virus-infection-a-study-of-307-patients-with-32-month-follow-up-rhumatochik-study
#5
Eric Bouquillard, Adrian Fianu, Marianne Bangil, Nathalie Charlette, Anne Ribéra, Alain Michault, François Favier, François Simon, René-Marc Flipo
OBJECTIVES: In the wake of the Chikungunya epidemic which struck Reunion Island in 2005 and 2006, we conducted a prospective, multicentre study (RHUMATOCHIK) whose main objective was analyse the characteristics and progression of rheumatic manifestations in patients with post-Chikungunya joint pain. METHODS: A cohort of 307 consecutively included patients underwent rheumatological examinations for pain secondary to Chikungunya virus infection. The long-term evaluation was conducted by telephone survey 1 and 2 years after the onset of the viral infection...
February 23, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238842/appetite-control-by-the-tongue-gut-axis-and-evaluation-of-the-role-of-cd36-sr-b2
#6
Isabelle Niot, Philippe Besnard
Understanding the mechanisms governing food intake is a public health issue given the dramatic rise of obesity over the world. The overconsumption of tasty energy-dense foods rich in lipids is considered to be one of the nutritional causes of this epidemic. Over the last decade, the identification of fatty acid receptors in strategic places in the body (i.e. oro-intestinal tract and brain) has provided a major progress in the deciphering of regulatory networks involved in the control of dietary intake. Among these lipid sensors, CD36/SR-B2 appears to play a significant role since this membrane protein, known to bind long-chain fatty acid with a high affinity, was specifically found both in enterocytes and in a subset of taste bud cells and entero-endocrine cells...
February 23, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238624/biochemical-basis-for-increased-activity-of-ebola-glycoprotein-in-the-2013-16-epidemic
#7
May K Wang, Sun-Young Lim, Soo Mi Lee, James M Cunningham
Ebola virus (EBOV) infection is characterized by sporadic outbreaks caused by zoonotic transmission. Fixed changes in amino acid sequence, such as A82V in the EBOV glycoprotein (GP) that occurred early in the 2013-16 epidemic, are suspected to confer a selective advantage to the virus. We used biochemical assays of GP function to show that A82V, as well as a polymorphism in residue 544 identified in other outbreaks, enhances infection by decreasing the threshold for activation of membrane fusion activity triggered by the host factors cathepsin B and Niemann-Pick C1...
February 18, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238470/fatal-salmonellosis-in-captive-maras-dolichotis-patagonum-caused-by-salmonella-enteritidis
#8
S Nakamura, Y Yoshimura, H Hayashidani, T Iwata, S Iseda, Y Une
We report epidemic occurrences of fatal salmonellosis caused by Salmonella Enteritidis in captive maras (Dolichotis patagonum) in a zoological garden in Japan. The deaths were sudden or followed a peracute course within a few hours of the first observations of clinical abnormalities. Gross lesions included haemorrhages in the subcutis and skeletal muscles, liver, spleen, lung, heart and gastrointestinal tract. Microscopically, there were haemorrhagic and necrotizing lesions with gram-negative bacilli in the liver, spleen, small intestine and Peyer's patches...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238118/monitoring-the-aids-response-how-can-lessons-from-the-pre-2015-era-inform-monitoring-progress-towards-ending-the-aids-epidemic-by-2030
#9
EDITORIAL
Peter D Ghys, Paul Bouey, Raymond Yekeye, Taavi Erkkola, Jude Padayachy, Daniel Low-Beer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237819/the-complex-roles-of-mechanistic-target-of-rapamycin-in-adipocytes-and-beyond
#10
REVIEW
Peter L Lee, Su Myung Jung, David A Guertin
Having healthy adipose tissue is essential for metabolic fitness. This is clear from the obesity epidemic, which is unveiling a myriad of comorbidities associated with excess adipose tissue including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Lipodystrophy also causes insulin resistance, emphasizing the importance of having a balanced amount of fat. In cells, the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) complexes 1 and 2 (mTORC1 and mTORC2, respectively) link nutrient and hormonal signaling with metabolism, and recent studies are shedding new light on their in vivo roles in adipocytes...
February 22, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237501/vaccines-shaping-global-health
#11
Sonia Pagliusi, Ching-Chia Ting, Fernando Lobos
The Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers' Network (DCVMN) gathered leaders in immunization programs, vaccine manufacturing, representatives of the Argentinean Health Authorities and Pan American Health Organization, among other global health stakeholders, for its 17th Annual General Meeting in Buenos Aires, to reflect on how vaccines are shaping global health. Polio eradication and elimination of measles and rubella from the Americas is a result of successful collaboration, made possible by timely supply of affordable vaccines...
February 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237252/effect-of-ebola-virus-disease-on-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-guinea-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#12
Alexandre Delamou, Alison M El Ayadi, Sidikiba Sidibe, Therese Delvaux, Bienvenu S Camara, Sah D Sandouno, Abdoul H Beavogui, Georges W Rutherford, Junko Okumura, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The 2014 west African epidemic of Ebola virus disease posed a major threat to the health systems of the countries affected. We sought to quantify the consequences of Ebola virus disease on maternal and child health services in the highly-affected Forest region of Guinea. METHODS: We did a retrospective, observational cohort study of women and children attending public health facilities for antenatal care, institutional delivery, and immunisation services in six of seven health districts in the Forest region (Beyla, Guéckédou, Kissidougou, Lola, Macenta, and N'Zérékoré)...
February 22, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237251/the-end-of-the-ebola-virus-disease-epidemic-has-the-work-just-begun
#13
Mark J Siedner, John D Kraemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237236/influenza-a-virus-in-swine-breeding-herds-combination-of-vaccination-and-biosecurity-practices-can-reduce-likelihood-of-endemic-piglet-reservoir
#14
L A White, M Torremorell, M E Craft
Recent modelling and empirical work on influenza A virus (IAV) suggests that piglets play an important role as an endemic reservoir. The objective of this study is to test intervention strategies aimed at reducing the incidence of IAV in piglets and ideally, preventing piglets from becoming exposed in the first place. These interventions include biosecurity measures, vaccination, and management options that swine producers may employ individually or jointly to control IAV in their herds. We have developed a stochastic Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered-Vaccinated (SEIRV) model that reflects the spatial organization of a standard breeding herd and accounts for the different production classes of pigs therein...
March 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237235/assessing-the-time-taken-for-a-surveillance-system-to-detect-a-re-emergence-of-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-in-cattle
#15
Robin R L Simons, Mark E Arnold, Amie Adkin
During the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic in July 2001 the European Commission established a surveillance scheme for the comprehensive sampling of all BSE clinical suspects, healthy slaughter (HS) animals >30months, and all emergency slaughter and fallen stock animals tested when >24months. With the exponential decline in classical BSE cases, this comprehensive surveillance system has been successively modified to become risk-based, targeting those exit streams and ages where cases from the original epidemic are most likely to be detected...
March 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237230/estimation-of-the-transmission-parameters-for-swine-influenza-and-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-viruses-in-pigs-from-weaning-to-slaughter-under-natural-conditions
#16
Emanuela Pileri, Gerard E Martín-Valls, Ivan Díaz, Alberto Allepuz, Meritxell Simon-Grifé, Ariadna García-Saenz, Jordi Casal, Enric Mateu
In the present study, the transmission parameters of swine influenza virus (SIV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory virus (PRRSV) have been calculated using the basic reproductive rate (R) parameter in two commercial pig farms (F1 and F2). In order to do this, a serological (PRRSV genotype 1 and SIV) and virological (SIV) follow-up of a batch of animals was carried out weekly from 3 weeks of age until the age of slaughter on each farm. Results of the analysis for SIV and PRRSV showed different transmission profiles depending on the farm, the pathogen, and time of transmission...
March 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237226/unraveling-the-contact-patterns-and-network-structure-of-pig-shipments-in-the-united-states-and-its-association-with-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv-outbreaks
#17
Kyuyoung Lee, Dale Polson, Erin Lowe, Rodger Main, Derald Holtkamp, Beatriz Martínez-López
The analysis of the pork value chain is becoming key to understanding the risk of infectious disease dissemination in the swine industry. In this study, we used social network analysis to characterize the swine shipment network structure and properties in a typical multisite swine production system in the US. We also aimed to evaluate the association between network properties and porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV) transmission between production sites. We analyzed the 109,868 swine shipments transporting over 93 million swine between more than 500 production sites from 2012 to 2014...
March 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237052/retention-in-buprenorphine-treatment-is-associated-with-improved-hcv-care-outcomes
#18
B L Norton, A Beitin, M Glenn, J DeLuca, A H Litwin, C O Cunningham
Persons who inject drugs, most of whom are opioid dependent, comprise the majority of the HCV infected in the United States. As the national opioid epidemic unfolds, increasing numbers of people are entering the medical system to access treatment for opioid use disorder, specifically with buprenorphine. Yet little is known about HCV care in patients accessing buprenorphine-based opioid treatment. We sought to determine the HCV prevalence, cascade of care, and the association between patient characteristics and completion of HCV cascade of care milestones for patients initiating buprenorphine treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236255/a-call-for-more-research-from-the-arabian-gulf
#19
Fatemah AlMarri, Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Jonathan D Vaz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has become an epidemic in the Arabian Gulf, with the prevalence of obesity according to the latest report from the World Health Organization (WHO) showing the gulf region to be countries with the highest incidence of obesity in the 30% plus group. This study aims to examine publications on bariatric surgery and compare them with the other countries with a high incidence of obesity in the world. METHODS: A literature review on bariatric surgery published from the earliest detected year of publication up until March 2016 using SCOPUS, PubMed, Ovid, and Google Scholar was conducted...
February 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235643/evolutionary-and-epidemiological-analyses-based-on-spike-genes-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-circulating-in-thailand-in-2008-2015
#20
Christopher J Stott, Gun Temeeyasen, Thitima Tripipat, Pavita Kaewprommal, Angkana Tantituvanont, Jittima Piriyapongsa, Dachrit Nilubol
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has been endemic causing sporadic outbreaks in Thailand since 2007. In 2014-2015, several herds had experienced severe PED outbreaks and the reason of the re-current outbreaks was unknown. Whether or not the introduction of exotic strains or continual evolution of existing PEDV, genetic analyses would provide a more understanding in its evolutionary pattern. In the study, 117 complete spike gene sequences of Thai PED virus (PEDV) collected from 2008 to 2015 were clustered along with 95 references of PEDV spike sequences, and analyzed with the US sequences dataset (n=99)...
February 21, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
keyword
keyword
7875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"