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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636063/solving-interoperability-in-translational-health-perspectives-of-students-from-the-international-partnership-in-health-informatics-education-iphie-2016-master-class
#1
Anne M Turner, Julio C Facelli, Monique Jaspers, Thomas Wetter, Daniel Pfeifer, Laël Cranmer Gatewood, Terry Adam, Yu-Chuan Li, Ming-Chin Lin, R Scott Evans, Anna Beukenhorst, Hugo Johan Theodoore van Mens, Esmee Tensen, Christian Bock, Laura Fendrich, Peter Seitz, Julian Suleder, Ranyah Aldelkhyyel, Kent Bridgeman, Zhen Hu, Aaron Sattler, Shin-Yi Guo, Islam Md Mohaimenul Mohaimenul, Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum, Hsin-Ru Tung, Jiantano Bian, Joseph M Plasek, Casey Rommel, Juandalyn Burke, Harkirat Sohih
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2016 an international group of biomedical and health informatics faculty and graduate students gathered for the 16th meeting of the International Partnership in Health Informatics Education (IPHIE) masterclass at the University of Utah campus in Salt Lake City, Utah. This international biomedical and health informatics workshop was created to share knowledge and explore issues in biomedical health informatics (BHI). OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper is to summarize the discussions of biomedical and health informatics graduate students who were asked to define interoperability, and make critical observations to gather insight on how to improve biomedical education...
June 20, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622641/u-s-drug-shortages-for-medications-used-in-adult-critical-care-2001-2016
#2
Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Munish Goyal, Suleman A Umar, Erin R Fox, Mark Zocchi, Kristy L Hawley, Jesse M Pines
PURPOSE: We describe trends in U.S. shortages impacting critical care drugs from 2001 to 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Shortages within the scope of critical care were identified using data from the University of Utah Drug Information Services. Shortage characteristics were described using standard descriptive statistics and regression analysis. RESULTS: Of 1969 shortages reported, 1004 (51%) were for drugs used in critical care. New shortages fell from 2001 to 2004, then increased, peaking in 2011 (116)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583451/assessment-of-cost-drivers-in-transsphenoidal-approaches-for-resection-of-pituitary-tumors-using-the-value-driven-outcome-database
#3
Michael Karsy, Andrea A Brock, Jian Guan, Erica F Bisson, William T Couldwell
INTRODUCTION: Reducing healthcare costs while improving quality of care has become imperative in neurosurgical care. The Value-Driven Outcome (VDO) database at the University of Utah is one approach that identifies cost drivers and tracks changes over time. METHODS: A retrospective review by was performed for transsphenoidal resections of pituitary adenomas from July 2012 to September 2016. Total cost, subcategory costs, and potential cost drivers were evaluated...
June 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575408/trends-in-sales-of-flavored-and-menthol-tobacco-products-in-the-united-states-during-2011-2015
#4
Nicole M Kuiper, Doris Gammon, Brett Loomis, Kyle Falvey, Teresa W Wang, Brian A King, Todd Rogers
Introduction: Flavors can mask the harshness of tobacco and make it appealing to young people. This study assessed flavored and menthol tobacco product sales at the national and state levels. Methods: Universal Product Code (UPC) tobacco sales data collected by Nielsen were combined for convenience stores and all-outlets-combined during October 22, 2011-January 9, 2016. Products were characterized as flavored, menthol, or non-flavored/non-menthol. Total unit sales, and the proportion of flavored and menthol unit sales, were assessed nationally and by state for seven tobacco products...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572071/social-approval-bias-in-self-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-after-presentation-of-a-normative-message-in-college-students
#5
Elizabeth Nix, Heidi J Wengreen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of self-reported data regarding Fruit and Vegetable (FV) intake in college students at Utah State University after being presented with a descriptive normative message. INTERVENTION: Participants (N = 167) were recruited from general education courses and asked to complete a baseline survey containing a FV screener from the National Cancer Institute. They were then randomized to receive one of four messages one week after the initial survey and asked to immediately complete the same FV screener...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565979/flow-diversion-of-tandem-cerebral-aneurysms-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study
#6
Al-Wala Awad, Karam Moon, Nam Yoon, Marcus D Mazur, M Yashar S Kalani, Philipp Taussky, Cameron G McDougall, Felipe C Albuquerque, Min S Park
OBJECTIVE Flow diversion has proven to be an efficacious means of treating cerebral aneurysms that are refractory to other therapeutic means. Patients with tandem aneurysms treated with flow diversion have been included in larger, previously reported series; however, there are no dedicated reports on using this technique during a single session to treat this unique subset of patients. Therefore, the authors analyzed the outcomes of patients who had undergone single-session flow diversion for the treatment of tandem aneurysms...
June 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561130/the-effects-of-natural-language-processing-on-cross-institutional-portability-of-influenza-case-detection-for-disease-surveillance
#7
Jeffrey P Ferraro, Ye Ye, Per H Gesteland, Peter J Haug, Fuchiang Rich Tsui, Gregory F Cooper, Rudy Van Bree, Thomas Ginter, Andrew J Nowalk, Michael Wagner
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the accuracy and portability of a natural language processing (NLP) tool for extracting clinical findings of influenza from clinical notes across two large healthcare systems. Effectiveness is evaluated on how well NLP supports downstream influenza case-detection for disease surveillance. METHODS: We independently developed two NLP parsers, one at Intermountain Healthcare (IH) in Utah and the other at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) using local clinical notes from emergency department (ED) encounters of influenza...
May 31, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533251/pharmacists-mourn-passing-of-university-of-utah-s-arthur-lipman-72
#8
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526079/patient-needs-and-preferences-for-herb-drug-disease-interaction-alerts-a-structured-interview-study
#9
Carrie M Christensen, Rebecca S Morris, Seraphine Chepkemoi Kapsandoy, Melissa Archer, Jinqiu Kuang, Laura Shane-McWhorter, Bruce E Bray, Qing Zeng-Treitler
BACKGROUND: While complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used in the United States and elsewhere, and hazardous interactions with prescription drugs can occur, patients do not regularly communicate with physicians about their CAM use. The objective of this study was to discover patient information needs and preferences for herb-drug-disease interaction alerts. METHODS: We recruited 50 people from several locations within the University of Utah Hospital to participate in this structured interview study...
May 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480058/understanding-investigators-attitudes-through-a-results-based-accountability-framework-within-a-single-ctsa-institution
#10
Erin Rothwell, Trent Matheson
PURPOSE: The National Center for Advancing Translation Science (NCATS) is implementing a new strategic management plan called the results-based accountability framework. This framework is part of the common metrics initiative. For successful implementation and adoption of new management strategies, it is important to assess current stakeholders' experiences and needs. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with principal investigators who are conducting research and supported by the Center for Clinical Translational Science at the University of Utah...
February 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471932/board-review-course-as-intervention-impact-on-pance-performance
#11
Alan K Mirly, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez, Jennifer M Coombs
PURPOSE: To analyze the effectiveness of an independent commercial 3-day Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination (PANCE)-Physician Assistant National Recertifying Examination (PANRE) board review course to improve first-time pass rates on the PANCE. METHODS: Data were extracted from academic files at 2 universities over 2 years. In the first year (2014), the universities had not implemented a requirement for participation in a commercial board review course...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395008/derivation-and-validation-of-a-serum-biomarker-panel-to-identify-infants-with-acute-intracranial-hemorrhage
#12
Rachel Pardes Berger, Brian J Pak, Mariya D Kolesnikova, Janet Fromkin, Richard Saladino, Bruce E Herman, Mary Clyde Pierce, David Englert, Paul T Smith, Patrick M Kochanek
Importance: Abusive head trauma is the leading cause of death from physical abuse. Missing the diagnosis of abusive head trauma, particularly in its mild form, is common and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. Serum biomarkers may have potential as quantitative point-of-care screening tools to alert physicians to the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Objective: To identify and validate a set of biomarkers that could be the basis of a multivariable model to identify intracranial hemorrhage in well-appearing infants using the Ziplex System...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391971/do-72-hour-waiting-periods-and-two-visit-requirements-for-abortion-affect-women-s-certainty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Sarah C M Roberts, Elise Belusa, David K Turok, Sarah Combellick, Lauren Ralph
PURPOSE: This paper examines how Utah's two-visit requirement and 72-hour waiting period influence women's certainty about their decision to have an abortion. PROCEDURES: This study uses data from a prospective cohort study of 500 women who presented at an abortion information visit at four Utah family planning facilities. At the information visit, participants completed a baseline survey; 3 weeks later, they completed telephone interviews that assessed their pregnancy outcome, change in certainty, and factors affecting changes in certainty...
April 5, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380048/a-study-of-the-transferability-of-influenza-case-detection-systems-between-two-large-healthcare-systems
#14
Ye Ye, Michael M Wagner, Gregory F Cooper, Jeffrey P Ferraro, Howard Su, Per H Gesteland, Peter J Haug, Nicholas E Millett, John M Aronis, Andrew J Nowalk, Victor M Ruiz, Arturo López Pineda, Lingyun Shi, Rudy Van Bree, Thomas Ginter, Fuchiang Tsui
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the accuracy and transferability of Bayesian case detection systems (BCD) that use clinical notes from emergency department (ED) to detect influenza cases. METHODS: A BCD uses natural language processing (NLP) to infer the presence or absence of clinical findings from ED notes, which are fed into a Bayesain network classifier (BN) to infer patients' diagnoses. We developed BCDs at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (BCDUPMC) and Intermountain Healthcare in Utah (BCDIH)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366373/two-single-piece-acrylic-intraocular-lens-choices-and-their-effect-on-patient-reported-driving-habits
#15
Alex J Wright, Malkit K Singh, Bradley S Henriksen, Molly McFadden, Randall J Olson
PURPOSE: To determine whether intraocular lens (IOL) type affects patient driving habits 6 months to 5 years after cataract surgery, and to determine whether there were differences in self-reported driving habits between patients who received 1 of 2 IOLs. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients completed a telephone-administered Driving Habits Questionnaire (DHQ) 6 months to 5 years after having bilateral cataract surgery with a single-piece hydrophobic acrylic IOL, SN60WF (Group 1) or ZCB00 IOL (Group 2), in both eyes...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342716/immediate-postpartum-intrauterine-device-and-implant-program-outcomes-a-prospective-analysis
#16
Jennifer L Eggebroten, Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok
BACKGROUND: In-hospital placement of intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants following vaginal and cesarean delivery is increasingly popular and responds to maternal motivation for highly effective postpartum contraception. Immediate postpartum intrauterine device insertion is associated with higher expulsion than interval placement, but emerging evidence suggests that the levonorgestrel intrauterine device may have a higher expulsion rate than the copper intrauterine device. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated in-hospital provision, expulsion, and 6-month continuation of immediate postpartum copper T380 intrauterine devices, levonorgestrel intrauterine devices, and contraceptive implants...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315031/feasibility-of-large-scale-identification-of-sessile-serrated-polyp-patients-using-electronic-records-a-utah-study
#17
Kajsa Affolter, Keith Gligorich, Niloy Jewel Samadder, Wade S Samowitz, Karen Curtin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The serrated pathway accounts for 15-25% of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC). In our study, we sought to accurately characterize sessile serrated polyps (SSP) in a population by electronically interrogating colonoscopy patients' endoscopy and pathology reports using a rules-based text search of pre-defined SSP-related terms. To this aim, we compared a sample of putative SSP and hyperplastic polyps (HP) using our algorithm to a determination of SSP or HP by pathologist and molecular examination to determine the feasibility of large-scale identification of SSP in electronic medical records...
March 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275952/the-anticonvulsant-screening-program-of-the-national-institute-of-neurological-disorders-and-stroke-nih-history-and-contributions-to-clinical-care-in-the-twentieth-century-and-beyond
#18
Roger J Porter, Harvey J Kupferberg
The anticonvulsant screening program (ASP) of the national institute of neurological disorders and stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health has made substantial contributions to the drug armamentarium of the clinical neurologist. This program, originally a part of the overall Drug Development Program of the Epilepsy Branch, has been fortunate to have talented leadership, both at NINDS in Maryland and at the major contract site, the University of Utah-over a remarkable period of more than 40 years. Future discoveries by the ASP (now renamed the Epilepsy Therapy Screening) can be expected to make additional contributions to improving the health of persons with epilepsy...
March 9, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266244/psychopathological-temperamental-and-characteristic-factors-in-adults-with-remaining-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#19
Kyoung Min Kim, Sojeong Nam, Soo Yeon Kim, Soo Min Lee, Jae-Won Choi, Taewoong Kang, Jun Won Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in psychopathological, temperamental and characteristic factors between young adults with and without persistent Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. METHODS: A total of 429 university students were divided into three groups: persistent adult ADHD (n = 53), only childhood ADHD (n = 56) and healthy controls (n = 320). The Korean Adult ADHD Scale, Korean Wender-Utah Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Korean Young Internet Addiction Scale, and Temperament Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R; based on Cloninger's seven factor model of temperament and character) were used to evaluate psychopathological factors...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188772/two-year-continuation-of-intrauterine-devices-and%C3%A2-contraceptive-implants-in-a-mixed-payer-setting-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-retrospective-review
#20
Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Lori M Gawron, Amy Law, Lonnie Wen, Richard Lynen
BACKGROUND: As the popularity of long-acting reversible contraception increases, so does the need for accurate data on method continuation in diverse clinical settings. We determined 2-year continuation rates for the levonorgestrel 52-mg intrauterine device, the copper T380A intrauterine device, and the 68-mg etonogestrel contraceptive implant in an academic healthcare system with mixed-payer reimbursement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the proportion and characteristics of women who continue intrauterine device and implant use to 2 years and to relate continuation to device type when controlling for patient characteristics...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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