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Beers criteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284416/using-the-beers-criteria-to-identify-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-by-older-adult-dental-patients
#1
Daniel D Skaar, Heidi O'Connor
BACKGROUND: An aging population indicates that increasing numbers of older adults will seek oral health care and have multiple chronic conditions treated with a number of medications. The authors examined the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey administrative data set to characterize potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use by older adults visiting the dentist and related adverse experiences that may affect oral health care. METHODS: The authors used the 2015 Beers criteria to identify PIMs for older adults...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271916/prevalence-of-inappropriate-medication-use-in-residential-long-term-care-facilities-for-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#2
Hannelore Storms, Kristel Marquet, Bert Aertgeerts, Neree Claes
BACKGROUND: Multi-morbidity and polypharmacy of the elderly population enhances the probability of elderly in residential long-term care facilities experiencing inappropriate medication use. OBJECTIVES: The aim is to systematically review literature to assess the prevalence of inappropriate medication use in residential long-term care facilities for the elderly. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE) were searched for literature from 2004 to 2016 to identify studies examining inappropriate medication use in residential long-term care facilities for the elderly...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258500/a-prevalence-study-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-use-in-hospitalized-pakistani-elderly
#3
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Saima Mahmood Malhi, Nafis Haider
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate prescribing in elderly patients is a widespread health problem. It is associated with increased drug-related problems and health expenditure. AIMS: To determine the prevalence and types of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) prescribed to elderly patients with polypharmacy and the factors associated with their use in these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted among 228 elderly hospitalized patients with polypharmacy...
March 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231577/response-evaluation-in-head-and-neck-oncology-definition-and-prediction
#4
T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler, S Laban, R Grässlin, M Beer, A J Beer, U Friebe-Hoffmann, L Bullinger, P Möller, T Wiegel
Curative treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma includes surgery and/or (chemo)radiation, whereas in the palliative setting, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy represent(s) the standard approach. With regard to quality control, methods for determining treatment response are sorely needed. For surgical therapy, histopathology is the standard quality control. Established criteria for high-risk patients include resection margins of the primary tumor and extracapsular extension of lymph node metastases...
2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224703/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-chinese-older-adults-the-beers-criteria-compared-with-the-screening-tool-of-older-persons-prescriptions-criteria
#5
Hong Li, Shiyun Pu, Qinhui Liu, Xin Huang, Jiangying Kuang, Lei Chen, Jing Shen, Shihai Cheng, Tong Wu, Rui Li, Yanping Li, Li Mo, Wei Jiang, Yi Song, Jinhan He
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) use in West China Hospital residents aged ≥65 years, using two sets of criteria - the Beers and Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria - and to compare the Beers and STOPP criteria, and to determine the better criteria for assessing PIM of older adults in China. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study, and all patients were aged ≥65 years and admitted through the Information Center of West China Hospital from October 2010 to April 2013...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224699/comparison-of-four-criteria-for-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Priscila Horta Novaes, Danielle Teles da Cruz, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM: To compare four potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) criteria from different regions of the world in terms of their characteristics, concordance, sensitivity, specificity and predictive values in a community-dwelling sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, epidemiological study was carried out by a door-to-door survey in a Brazilian city. The following PIM criteria were applied: Beers-2015, Screening Tool of Older People's Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP)-2015, The European Union (EU)(7)-PIM list and Taiwan criteria...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215652/polypathology-polypharmacy-medication-regimen-complexity-and-drug-therapy-appropriateness
#7
N Gómez Aguirre, A Caudevilla Martínez, L Bellostas Muñoz, M Crespo Avellana, J Velilla Marco, J Díez-Manglano
Polypathological patients are usually elderly and take numerous drugs. Polypharmacy affects 85% of these individuals and is not associated with greater survival. On the contrary, polypharmacy exposes these individuals to more adverse effects, such as weight loss, falls, functional and cognitive impairment and hospitalisations. The complexity of a drug regimen covers more aspects than the simple number of drugs consumed. The galenic form, the dosage and the method for preparing the drug can impede the understanding of and compliance with prescriptions...
February 16, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183240/pharmacotherapy-of-persons-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-in-australia-a-descriptive-audit-of-central-nervous-system-medications
#8
Wendy Moyle, Najwan El Saifi, Brian Draper, Cindy Jones, Elizabeth Beattie, David Shum, Lukman Thalib, Cindy Mervin, Siobhan O Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia are often treated through the prescription of one or more psychotropic medications. However, limited efficacy and potential harmful side-effects has resulted in efforts to reduce the use of psychotropic medication in this population, particularly for those living in long-term care. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the pattern of central nervous system medication usage in older adults with dementia living in long-term care; assess the appropriateness of prescribing against Beers criteria; and detect potential drug interactions from co-administered medications...
February 9, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157119/reduce-beam-hardening-artifacts-of%C3%A2-polychromatic-x-ray-computed-tomography-by-an-iterative-approximation-approach
#9
Hongli Shi, Zhi Yang, Shuqian Luo
BACKGROUND: The beam hardening artifact is one of most important modalities of metal artifact for polychromatic X-ray computed tomography (CT), which can impair the image quality seriously. OBJECTIVE: An iterative approach is proposed to reduce beam hardening artifact caused by metallic components in polychromatic X-ray CT. METHODS: According to Lambert-Beer law, the (detected) projections can be expressed as monotonic nonlinear functions of element geometry projections, which are the theoretical projections produced only by the pixel intensities (image grayscale) of certain element (component)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155237/the-use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-among-the-lithuanian-elderly-according-to-beers-and-eu-7-pim-list-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-on-reimbursement-claims-data
#10
D Grina, V Briedis
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and risk factors for prescribing and using potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) has been extensively researched in Western Europe and the United States of America; however, research in Central and Eastern Europe remains highly limited. According to a recent systematic review, the overall estimated weighted prevalence of PIM prescribing in community-dwelling elderly in Europe (expressed as a percentage of patients or prescriptions with ≥1 PIM) was 22·6% (95% CI: 19·5%-26·7%)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131719/the-association-of-potentially-inappropriate-medication-at-older-age-with-cardiovascular-events-and-overall-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#11
REVIEW
Dana Clarissa Muhlack, Liesa Katharina Hoppe, Janick Weberpals, Hermann Brenner, Ben Schöttker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and meta-analyze cohort studies reporting the association of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) intake with mortality and cardiovascular events. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective and retrospective cohort studies were conducted. Study appraisal included a thorough risk of bias assessment. Data synthesis followed a random-effects model. DATA SOURCES: The included studies were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE and ISI Web of Knowledge...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115835/potentially-inappropriate-medications-use-in-community-based-aged-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-using-2012-beers-criteria
#12
Rony Zeenny, Samira Wakim, Yara-Mary Kuyumjian
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) should be avoided by the aged population. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of PIMs among Lebanese aged outpatients using Beers criteria of 2012. The secondary objectives were to identify the correlates of the PIMs use and to compare the PIMs prevalence rates as per Beers criteria of 2003 and 2012. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted among aged outpatients of different accredited community pharmacies across Lebanon...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115442/effect-of-comorbidities-and-medications-on-frequency-of-primary-care-visits-among-older-patients
#13
Tina Hu, Neil D Dattani, Kelly Anne Cox, Bonnie Au, Leo Xu, Don Melady, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Rahul Jain, Jocelyn Charles
OBJECTIVE: To determine if comorbidities and high-risk medications affect the frequency of family physician visits among older patients. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Academic family health team at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: Among patients aged 65 years and older who were registered patients of the family health team between July 1, 2013, and June 30, 2014, the 5% who visited their family physicians most frequently and the 5% who visited their family physicians least frequently were selected for the study (N = 265)...
January 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064167/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-to-older-patients-in-primary-care-in-the-netherlands-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#14
Linette Bruin-Huisman, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Henk C P M van Weert, Erna Beers
BACKGROUND: potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) is associated with adverse health effects in older patients. PIP comprises prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs). OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence of PIMs and PPOs among older patients in primary care. DESIGN: retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: routinely collected data of 182,000 patients of 49 general practitioners (GPs) gathered in the GPs' database of the Academic Medical Center of Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045656/-beers-versus-stopp-criteria-and-the-possible-implications-of-the-beers-criteria-s-spanish-adaptation
#15
Josep Pastor Cano, Ana Aranda García, Juan José Gascón Cánovas, Víctor José Rausell Rausell, Mariana Tobaruela Soto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042352/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-andthe-risk-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-critically-ill-older-adults
#16
Thamires B Galli, Wálleri C Reis, Vânia M Andrzejevski
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in the elderly is associated with increased risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), but there is limited information regarding PIM use in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the prevalence and factors associated with the use of PIM and the occurrence of PIM-related adverse reactions in the critically ill elderly. METHODS: This study enrolled all critically ill older adults (60 years or more) admitted to medical or cardiovascular ICUs between January and December 2013, in a large tertiary teaching hospital...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024315/patient-physician-and-health-system-factors-influencing-the-quality-of-antidepressant-and-sedative-prescribing-for-older-community-dwelling-adults
#17
Rian Marie Extavour, Matthew Perri
OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants of potentially inappropriate (PI) antidepressant and anxiolytic/sedative prescribing for older, community-dwelling adults. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Office visits from the 2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study measuring associations between various patient and physician factors and prescribing of PI antidepressants, and PI sedatives among elderly, using Beers 2012/2015 criteria, a clinical decision model, and multivariate logistic regressions...
December 26, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999470/prevalence-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-and-prescription-cost-analysis-among-older-cardiac-patients-in-an-outpatient-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#18
Kartik Nitinbhai Shah, Harsh Manishbhai Joshi, Rohan Piyushkumar Christian, Kamlesh Prahaladbhai Patel, Supriya Dipak Malhotra
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in the elderly at cardiology outpatient department (OPD) of a tertiary care teaching hospital using Beers criteria and to find the direct cost burden of PIMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was an observational cross-sectional study. Prescriptions of the patients' aged ≥65 years were collected from the cardiology OPD and were analyzed. PIMs were identified with the help of Beers 2012 criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972789/the-2012-updated-beers-criteria-in-falls-related-hospitalization-in-older-adults
#19
L L Chen, H T Ng, B Siow, K Y Ong, J Y Tay, H H Cheen, Y L Lim, K Mamun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959845/-inappropriate-prescription-in-elderly-inpatients
#20
Ana V Fajreldines, Jorge T Insua, Eduardo Schnitzler
One of the causes of preventable adverse drug events (EAM) in the older adult population is the inappropriate prescription (PIM), i.e. that prescription where risks outweigh clinical benefits. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of PIM with Beers criteria and Screening Tool of older person's prescriptions (STOPP), Potentially Prescribing Omissions (PPO) with Screening Tool to alert doctors to Right Treatments (START), and the average costs of hospitalization. This is an incidence study on a sample of patients over 64 years hospitalized, from January to July 2014 at a university hospital...
2016: Medicina
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