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Beers criteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776209/potentially-inappropriate-medications-and-the-time-to-full-functional-recovery-after-hip-fracture
#1
Andrea Iaboni, Kerri Rawson, Craig Burkett, Eric J Lenze, Alastair J Flint
BACKGROUND: Older adults after hip fracture are at increased risk of being prescribed potentially inappropriate medications, and may be particularly vulnerable to their adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of potentially inappropriate medication use with the time to full functional recovery within 1 year of hip fracture repair. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a prospective longitudinal study of eight hospitals in St...
August 3, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764876/determinants-of-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-long-term-and-acute-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie K Nothelle, Ritu Sharma, Allison H Oakes, Madeline Jackson, Jodi B Segal
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are widely used in institutionalized older adults, yet the key determinants that drive their use are incompletely characterized. METHODS: We systematically searched published literature within MEDLINE and Embase from January 1998 to March 2017. We searched for studies conducted in the United States that described determinants of PIM use in adults ≥60 years of age in a nursing home or residential care facility, in the emergency department (ED), or in the hospital...
July 29, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752589/frailty-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-at-nursing-home-transition
#3
Laura C Maclagan, Colleen J Maxwell, Sima Gandhi, Jun Guan, Chaim M Bell, David B Hogan, Nick Daneman, Sudeep S Gill, Andrew M Morris, Lianne Jeffs, Michael A Campitelli, Dallas P Seitz, Susan E Bronskill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults with cognitive impairment or dementia prior to and following admission to nursing homes and in relation to frailty. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using health administrative databases. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 41,351 individuals with cognitive impairment or dementia, aged 66+ years newly admitted to nursing home between 2011 and 2014...
July 28, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743244/non-adherence-to-medication-regimens-among-older-african-american-adults
#4
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Gail Orum
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about racial differences on adherence to prescribed medication rigimens among older adults, current information about nonadherence among underserved elderly African Americans with co-morbidities is limited. This study examines the association between adherence to drug regimens and an array of medication-related factors, including polypharmacy, medication regimen complexity, use of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIM), and knowledge about the therapeutic purpose and instructions of medication use...
July 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731509/keeping-safe-continuous-glucose-monitoring-cgm-in-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-and-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycaemia-a-qualitative-study
#5
A F Vloemans, C A J van Beers, M de Wit, W Cleijne, S M Rondags, P H Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, M H H Kramer, E H Serné, F J Snoek
AIM: To further our understanding of individual use and experience of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in adults with Type 1 diabetes and impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia, we conducted a qualitative study supplementary to a randomized controlled trial, using semi-structured interviews. METHODS: Twenty-three participants of the IN CONTROL trial were interviewed within 4 weeks after the last study visit. The interview centred around experiences of CGM, taking into account the person's expectations prior to the trial...
July 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717929/reduction-in-targeted-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-elderly-inpatients-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Benoit Cossette, Jean-François Éthier, Thomas Joly-Mischlich, Josée Bergeron, Geneviève Ricard, Serge Brazeau, Mathieu Caron, Olivier Germain, Hélène Payette, Janusz Kaczorowski, Mitchell Levine
PURPOSE: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in hospitalized older adults is a complex problem, but the use of computerized alert systems (CAS) has shown some potential. The study's objective is to assess the change in PIM use with a CAS-based pharmacist-physician intervention model compared to usual clinical care. METHODS: Pragmatic single-site randomized controlled trial was conducted at a university teaching hospital. Hospitalizations identified with selected Beers or STOPP criteria were randomized to usual clinical care or to the CAS-based pharmacist-physician intervention...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716041/potentially-inappropriate-home-medications-among-older-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-admitted-to-a-cardiology-service-in-usa
#7
Marwan Sheikh-Taha, Hani Dimassi
BACKGROUND: The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) may pose more risks than benefits to patients and is a major factor contributing to the likelihood of serious adverse drug reactions and negative health outcomes among older patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in a tertiary care center in USA where home medications of the older patients were reviewed and analyzed upon hospital admission over three months, from March till May 2016...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695548/design-of-the-swiss-atrial-fibrillation-cohort-study-swiss-af-structural-brain-damage-and-cognitive-decline-among-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#8
David Conen, Nicolas Rodondi, Andreas Mueller, Juerg Beer, Angelo Auricchio, Peter Ammann, Daniel Hayoz, Richard Kobza, Giorgio Moschovitis, Dipen Shah, Juerg Schlaepfer, Jan Novak, Marcello di Valentino, Paul Erne, Christian Sticherling, Leo Bonati, Georg Ehret, Laurent Roten, Urs Fischer, Andreas Monsch, Christoph Stippich, Jens Wuerfel, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Michael Kuehne, Stefan Osswald
BACKGROUND: Several studies found that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia over time. However, the magnitude of the problem, associated risk factors and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: This article describes the design and methodology of the Swiss Atrial Fibrillation (Swiss-AF) Cohort Study, a prospective multicentre national cohort study of 2400 patients across 13 sites in Switzerland. Eligible patients must have documented AF...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658367/potentially-inappropriate-medications-among-older-adults-in-pelotas-southern-brazil
#9
Bárbara Heather Lutz, Vanessa Irribarem Avena Miranda, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of potentially inappropriate medications among older adults. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study with 1,451 older individuals aged 60 years or more in the city of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in 2014. We have investigated the use of medications in the last 15 days. Using the Beers criteria (2012), we have verified the use of potentially inappropriate medications and their relationship with socioeconomic and demographic variables, polypharmacy, self-medication, and burden of disease...
June 22, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641678/cognitive-deterioration-in-moderate-and-severe-hypobaric-hypoxia-conditions
#10
Jeremy M A Beer, Barry S Shender, Daren Chauvin, Todd S Dart, Joseph Fischer
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia continues to present risks in military aviation. Hypoxia symptoms include sensory and cognitive effects; of these, it is important to identify which components of operator performance are most vulnerable to hypoxia-induced decline in order to determine which sensory modality is most effective for alerting an impaired aviator of an imminent hypoxic episode. METHODS: A study was performed in a hypobaric chamber to characterize deterioration of cognitive performance under moderate (MH) and severe (SH) hypoxia conditions, culminating in subjects' inability to perform tasks...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603638/clinician-agreement-and-influence-of-medication-related-characteristics-on-assessment-of-polypharmacy
#11
Gao-Jing Ong, Amy Page, Gillian Caughey, Sally Johns, Emily Reeve, Sepehr Shakib
It is not known how clinicians assess polypharmacy or the medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. The aim of this study was to examine the level of agreement between clinicians when assessing polypharmacy and to identify medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. Twenty cases of patients with varying levels of comorbidity and polypharmacy were used to examine clinician assessment of polypharmacy. Medicine-related factors within the cases included Beers and STOPP Criteria medicines, falls-risk medicines, drug burden index (DBI) medicines, medicines causing postural hypotension, and pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602709/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-by-older-adults-with-cancer
#12
Cristiane Moreira Reis, Andrezza Gouvêa Dos Santos, Paula de Jesus Souza, Adriano Max Moreira Reis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and the factors associated with the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) by older adults with cancer at an onco-haematology ambulatory clinic of a teaching hospital in Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients aged 60years or older (n=160) subjected to parenteral antineoplastic chemotherapy from May to December 2015 and treated with one or more medications in the ambulatory clinic were interviewed. Data on medications, comorbidities, oncological diagnosis, and functional status were recorded...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571163/utilization-pattern-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-geriatric-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-retrospective-observational-study
#13
Rajal Sudhir Narvekar, Nikhil Narayan Bhandare, Jonathan Joaquim Gouveia, Padma Narayan Bhandare
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric population is on the rise throughout the world, hence the quality and the safety of prescribing in the elderly is a global healthcare concern. It is important for the healthcare providers to be aware of the limitations in prescribing certain drugs to the elderly. This study was an attempt to shed light on the utilization pattern of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIMs) in elderly patients admitted in the medicine wards in a tertiary care hospital in Goa...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569662/sliding-scale-insulin-use-in-long-term-care-an-updated-perspective
#14
Joy Woods, Micki Nadelson
Diabetes affects approximately 26% of individuals oldeR THAN 65 years of age in the United States and up to 33% of patients in long-term care facilities. The most commonly prescribed insulin therapy for patients in long-term care is sliding-scale insulin (SSI): the use of finger-stick blood glucose testing to assess the need for insulin administration based on current blood glucose levels. SSI has been on the Beers Criteria of Potentially Inappropriate Medications since 2012. However, its sole use for long-term treatment is specifically not recommended by the American Diabetes Association and other stakeholders in diabetes management...
February 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545260/thermostabilization-of-the-uronate-dehydrogenase-from-agrobacterium-tumefaciens-by-semi-rational-design
#15
Teresa Roth, Barbara Beer, André Pick, Volker Sieber
Aldaric acids represent biobased 'top value-added chemicals' that have the potential to substitute petroleum-derived chemicals. Until today they are mostly produced from corresponding aldoses using strong chemical oxidizing agents. An environmentally friendly and more selective process could be achieved by using natural resources such as seaweed or pectin as raw material. These contain large amounts of uronic acids as major constituents such as glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid which can be converted into the corresponding aldaric acids via an enzyme-based oxidation using uronate dehydrogenase (Udh)...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540648/impact-of-2015-update-to-the-beers-criteria-on-estimates-of-prevalence-and-costs-associated-with-potentially-inappropriate-use-of-antimuscarinics-for-overactive-bladder
#16
Brandon T Suehs, Cralen Davis, Daniel B Ng, Katherine Gooch
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that the use of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is highly prevalent among older individuals and may lead to increased healthcare costs, adverse drug reactions, hospitalizations, and mortality. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the 2015 updates to the Beers Criteria on estimates of prevalence and cost associated with potentially inappropriate use of antimuscarinic medications indicated for treatment of overactive bladder (OAB)...
May 24, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514134/-well-child-visits-regarding-growth-and-development-of-infants-a-cross-cultural-comparison
#17
Yana Shraga, Orly Sarid, Julie Cwikel, Haim Reuveni
AIMS: 1. To examine the rate of WCV among mothers in four ethno-cultural groups: native-born Jewish, Bedouin and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU) and Ethiopia; 2. to test the relationship between WCV in the first and second year of the infant's life; 3. to assess the effect of sociodemographic variables on WCV. BACKGROUND: Consistent infant well-child visits (WCV) have been found to be related to better health status and a decrease in visits to the emergency room and hospitalizations...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506569/-identifying-potentially-inappropriate-prescriptions-in-patients-over-65-years-old-using-original-beers-criteria-and-their-spanish-adaptation
#18
Josep Pastor Cano, Ana Aranda García, Juan José Gascón Cánovas, José Francisco Sánchez Ruiz, Víctor José Rausell Rausell, Mariana Tobaruela Soto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the detection of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) using the original Beers criteria, a global reference for evaluating prescriptions in the elderly, and their Spanish version. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study LOCATION: A Primary Care area in the province of Murcia, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 7,856 subjects aged 65 and over, with at least one drug prescribed in a Primary Care Area of Spain during study period...
May 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490560/nursing-home-team-care-deprescribing-study-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#19
Chong-Han Kua, Cindy Ying Ying Yeo, Cheryl Wai Teng Char, Cheryl Wei Yan Tan, Poh Ching Tan, Vivienne Sl Mak, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Ian Yi-Onn Leong
INTRODUCTION: An ageing population has become an urgent concern for Asia in recent times. In nursing homes, polypharmacy has also become a compounding issue. Deprescribing practice is an evidence-based strategy to provide a better outcome in this group of patients; however, its implementation in nursing homes is often challenging, and prospective outcome data on deprescribing practice in the elderly is lacking. Our study assesses the implementation of team-care deprescribing to understand the benefits of this practice in geriatric setting and to explore the factors affecting deprescribing practice...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467623/opioids-and-other-central-nervous-system-active-polypharmacy-in-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#20
Lauren B Gerlach, Mark Olfson, Helen C Kales, Donovan T Maust
OBJECTIVES: To determine patterns of and trends in contributions to central nervous system (CNS) polypharmacy, defined by the Beers Criteria as three or more CNS-active medications of each medication class, of adults aged 65 and older seen in U.S. outpatient medical practices. DESIGN: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (2004-2013). SETTING: U.S. outpatient medical care. PARTICIPANTS: Visits by older adults to outpatient physicians (N = 97,910)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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