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rptp trkc

Seoung Youn Won, Cha Yeon Kim, Doyoun Kim, Jaewon Ko, Ji Won Um, Sung Bae Lee, Matthias Buck, Eunjoon Kim, Won Do Heo, Jie-Oh Lee, Ho Min Kim
The leukocyte common antigen-related receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (LAR-RPTPs) are cellular receptors of heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans that direct axonal growth and neuronal regeneration. LAR-RPTPs are also synaptic adhesion molecules that form trans -synaptic adhesion complexes by binding to various postsynaptic adhesion ligands, such as Slit- and Trk-like family of proteins (Slitrks), IL-1 receptor accessory protein-like 1 (IL1RAPL1), interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) and neurotrophin receptor tyrosine kinase C (TrkC), to regulate synaptogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Charlotte H Coles, Nikolaos Mitakidis, Peng Zhang, Jonathan Elegheert, Weixian Lu, Andrew W Stoker, Terunaga Nakagawa, Ann Marie Craig, E Yvonne Jones, A Radu Aricescu
Receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase sigma (RPTPσ) regulates neuronal extension and acts as a presynaptic nexus for multiple protein and proteoglycan interactions during synaptogenesis. Unknown mechanisms govern the shift in RPTPσ function, from outgrowth promotion to synaptic organization. Here, we report crystallographic, electron microscopic and small-angle X-ray scattering analyses, which reveal sufficient inter-domain flexibility in the RPTPσ extracellular region for interaction with both cis (same cell) and trans (opposite cell) ligands...
November 11, 2014: Nature Communications
Amy E Hower, Pedro J Beltran, John L Bixby
Receptor-protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs), like receptor tyrosine kinases, regulate neuronal differentiation. While receptor tyrosine kinases are dimerized and activated by extracellular ligands, the extent to which RPTPs dimerize, and the effects of dimerization on phosphatase activity, are poorly understood. We have examined a neuronal type III RPTP, PTPRO; we find that PTPRO can form dimers in living cells, and that disulfide linkages in PTPROs intracellular domain likely regulate dimerization. Dimerization of PTPROs transmembrane and intracellular domains, achieved by ligand binding to a chimeric fusion protein, decreases activity toward artificial peptides and toward a putative substrate, tropomyosin-related kinase C (TrkC)...
September 2009: Journal of Neurochemistry
Takafumi Shintani, Masaharu Noda
Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type Z (Ptprz/Ptpzeta/RPTPbeta) is a receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP) which is predominantly expressed in the central nervous system. Tropomyosin-related kinases (Trks) are single-pass transmembrane molecules that are highly expressed in the developing nervous system. Upon the ligand binding of neurotrophins, Trk receptors are activated through autophosphorylation of tyrosine residues; however, the PTPs responsible for the negative regulation of Trk receptors have not been fully elucidated...
August 2008: Journal of Biochemistry
Pedro J Beltran, John L Bixby, Brian A Masters
Competition and cooperation between type II and type III receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) regulate axon extension and pathfinding in Drosophila. The first step to investigate whether RPTPs influence axon growth in the more complex vertebrate nervous system is to identify which neurons express a particular RPTP. We studied the expression of mouse PTPRO, a type III RPTP with an extracellular region containing eight fibronectin type III domains, during embryogenesis and after birth. Mouse PTPRO mRNA is expressed exclusively in two cell types: neurons and kidney podocytes...
February 17, 2003: Journal of Comparative Neurology
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