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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053750/middle-aged-individuals-with-thalidomide-embryopathy-have-undergone-few-surgical-limb-procedures-and-demonstrate-a-high-degree-of-physical-independence
#1
Shadi A Ghassemi Jahani, Aina Danielsson, Jon Karlsson, Helena Brisby
BACKGROUND: Thalidomide is known to have induced thalidomide embryopathy (TE) in more than 10,000 live-born children worldwide between 1957-1962. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the need for orthopaedic surgery and limb orthosis in relation to function and physical independence in middle-aged individuals with TE. METHODS: 13 women/18 men with a mean age of 45.8 (SD 1.1) years were included. Information about limb surgery, the use of orthotic devices, jobs, accommodation, disability adjustments and personal assistants was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053491/safety-and-feasibility-of-early-physical-therapy-for-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenator-university-of-maryland-medical-center-experience
#2
Chris L Wells, Jenny Forrester, Joshua Vogel, Raymond Rector, Ali Tabatabai, Daniel Herr
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility and safety of mobilizing patients while on extracorporeal membranous oxygenation support. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Medical and Surgical ICUs in a large tertiary care hospital in the United States. PATIENTS: Adults supported on extracorporeal membranous oxygenation from January 2014 to December 2015. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We reviewed the medical records from physical therapy, perfusion, and intensivists to obtain the number and type of physical therapy interventions and discharge status; extracorporeal membranous oxygenation type and description of support, cannulation sites; and risk management details of adverse effects, if any...
October 19, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053448/the-effects-of-coding-schemes-on-vibrotactile-biofeedback-for-dynamic-balance-training-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-healthy-elderly-individuals
#3
Beom-Chan Lee, Alberto Fung, Timothy A Thrasher
A coding scheme for earlier versions of vibrotactile biofeedback systems for balance-related applications was primarily binary in nature, either off or on at a given threshold (range of postural tilt), making it unable to convey information about error magnitude. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of two coding schemes (binary vs. continuous) for vibrotactile biofeedback during dynamic weight-shifting exercises that are common physical therapists' recommended balance exercises used in clinical settings...
October 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053152/heart-in-space-effect-of-the-extraterrestrial-environment-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#4
REVIEW
Richard L Hughson, Alexander Helm, Marco Durante
National space agencies and private corporations aim at an extended presence of humans in space in the medium to long term. Together with currently suboptimal technology, microgravity and cosmic rays raise health concerns about deep-space exploration missions. Both of these physical factors affect the cardiovascular system, whose gravity-dependence is pronounced. Heart and vascular function are, therefore, susceptible to substantial changes in weightlessness. The altered cardiovascular function in space causes physiological problems in the postflight period...
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053066/different-times-of-day-do-not-change-heart-rate-variability-recovery-after-light-exercise-in-sedentary-subjects-24%C3%A2-hours-holter-monitoring
#5
Eliza Prodel, Tiago Peçanha, Lilian Pinto Da Silva, Rogério Baumgratz De Paula, Daniel Godoy Martinez, Jorge Roberto Perrout De Lima, Mateus Camaroti Laterza
Incidence of cardiovascular events follows a circadian rhythm with peak occurrence during morning. Disturbance of autonomic control caused by exercise had raised the question of the safety in morning exercise and its recovery. Furthermore, we sought to investigate whether light aerobic exercise performed at night would increase HR and decrease HRV during sleep. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that morning exercise would delay HR and HRV recovery after light aerobic exercise, additionally, we tested the impact of late night light aerobic exercise on HR and HRV during sleep in sedentary subjects...
October 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052519/circuit-training-enhances-function-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Wei-Bin Hsu, Wun-Jer Shen, Zin-Rong Lin, Shr-Hsin Chang, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu
BACKGROUND: The number of patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been rising every year due to the aging population and the obesity epidemic. Post-operative rehabilitation is important for the outcome of TKA. METHODS: A series of 34 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA was retrospectively collected and divided into either exercise group (n = 16) and control group (n = 18). The exercise group underwent a 24-week course of circuit training beginning 3 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052285/fitness-related-differences-in-the-rate-of-whole-body-evaporative-heat-loss-in-exercising-men-are-heat-load-dependent
#7
Dallon T Lamarche, Sean R Notley, Jeffrey C Louie, Martin P Poirier, Glen P Kenny
The effect of aerobic fitness (defined as rate of peak oxygen consumption) on heat loss during exercise is thought to be related to the level of heat stress. However, it remains unclear at what combined exercise and environmental (net) heat load threshold these fitness-related differences occur. To identify this, we assessed whole-body heat exchange (dry and evaporative) by direct calorimetry in young (22 ± 3 years) men matched for physical characteristics with low (Low-fit) (39.8 ± 2.5 mLO2 ·kg(-1) ·min(-1) ), moderate (Mod-fit) (50...
October 20, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052044/the-cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-the-characteristics-and-methodological-quality-of-published-literature
#8
REVIEW
Katherine Edwards, Natasha Jones, Julia Newton, Charlie Foster, Andrew Judge, Kate Jackson, Nigel K Arden, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva
AIM: This descriptive review aimed to assess the characteristics and methodological quality of economic evaluations of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs according to updated economic guidelines for healthcare interventions. Recommendations will be made to inform future research addressing the impact of a physical exercise component on cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for economic evaluations of exercise-based CR programs published in English between 2000 and 2014...
October 19, 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051728/exacerbation-of-brain-injury-by-post-stroke-exercise-is-contingent-upon-exercise-initiation-timing
#9
Fengwu Li, Xiaokun Geng, Hajra Khan, John T Pendy, Changya Peng, Xiaorong Li, Jose A Rafols, Yuchuan Ding
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that post-stroke physical rehabilitation may reduce morbidity. The effectiveness of post-stroke exercise, however, appears to be contingent upon exercise initiation. This study assessed the hypothesis that very early exercise exacerbates brain injury, induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and promotes energy failure. A total of 230 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion for 2 h, and randomized into eight groups, including two sham injury control groups, three non-exercise and three exercise groups...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051336/exercise-limitations-in-heart-failure-with-reduced-and-preserved-ejection-fraction
#10
David C Poole, Russell S Richardson, Mark J Haykowsky, Daniel M Hirai, Timothy I Musch
The hallmark symptom of chronic heart failure (CHF) syndrome is severe exercise intolerance. Impaired perfusive and diffusive O2 transport are two of the major determinants of reduced physical capacity and lowered maximal O2 uptake (VO2max) in CHF patients. It has now become evident that this syndrome manifests two different phenotypic variations: heart failure with preserved or reduced ejection fraction (HFpEF and HFrEF, respectively). Unlike HFrEF, however, there is currently limited understanding of HFpEF pathophysiology leading to a lack of effective pharmacological treatments for this subpopulation...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051134/a-telerehabilitation-approach-to-enhance-quality-of-life-through-exercise-among-adults-with-paraplegia-study-protocol
#11
Shane Norman Sweet, Meredith Rocchi, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Dahlia Kairy, Brigitte Fillion
BACKGROUND: Despite compelling evidence linking physical activity and quality of life among adults with spinal cord injury (SCI), exercise participation rates are extremely low in this population. Unfortunately, a lack of behavioral exercise interventions, in particular theory-based randomized controlled trials (RCT), exists within the SCI literature. A pilot RCT is needed to first examine the feasibility to conduct such interventions and determine the appropriate effect size to inform future full-scale interventions...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051015/an-rct-to-facilitate-implementation-of-school-practices-known-to-increase-physical-activity
#12
Rachel L Sutherland, Nicole K Nathan, David R Lubans, Kristen Cohen, Lynda J Davies, Clare Desmet, Joshua Cohen, Nicole J McCarthy, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: Although comprehensive school-based physical activity interventions are efficacious when tested under research conditions, they often require adaptation in order for implementation at scale. This paper reports the effectiveness of an adapted efficacious school-based intervention in improving children's moderate to vigorous physical activity. The impact of strategies to support program implementation was also assessed. DESIGN: A cluster RCT of low socioeconomic elementary schools in New South Wales, Australia...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050869/parameters-influencing-the-physical-activity-of-patients-with-a-history-of-coronary-revascularization
#13
Burak Acar, Cagri Yayla, Esra Gucuk Ipek, Sefa Unal, Ahmet Goktug Ertem, Cengiz Burak, Bihter Senturk, Fatih Bayraktar, Meryem Kara, Burcu Demirkan, Yesim Guray
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Regular physical activity is part of a comprehensive management strategy for these patients. We investigated the parameters that influence physical activity in patients with a history of coronary revascularization. METHODS: We included outpatients with a history of coronary revascularization at least six months prior to enrollment. Data on physical activity, demographics, and clinical characteristics were collected via a questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050507/effectiveness-of-an-overall-progressive-resistance-strength-program-for-improving-the-functional-capacity-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Felipe Martinelli Lourenzi, Anamaria Jones, Daniele Freitas Pereira, João Henrique Costa Alves Dos Santos, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of overall progressive resistance training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Outpatient clinics. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, aged between 18 and 65 years old, under stable medication and not performing regular physical activity were randomized into two groups: intervention group (IG) and control group (CG)...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050412/adaptive-response-to-exercise-of-fast-growing-and-slow-growing-chicken-strains-blood-oxidative-status-and-non-enzymatic-antioxidant-defense
#15
S Mattioli, A Dal Bosco, S Ruggeri, M Martino, L Moscati, C Pesca, C Castellini
The adaptation of chickens to free-range rearing systems mainly involves the locomotory behavior, which is very different in fast-growing (FG) and slow-growing (SG) strains. This study aimed to compare the effect of moderate locomotory activity (induced and prolonged) on the blood oxidative status in a slow-growing chicken strain with that in a fast-growing one. Thirty FG (Ross 308) birds and 30 SG (Hubbard) birds were divided into 2 groups for each strain and subjected to different treatments: no exercise (the control group [C]) and 1 h of walking at 4 km/h (the exercise group [E])...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049901/the-efficacy-of-aerobic-exercise-and-resistance-training-as-transdiagnostic-interventions-for-anxiety-related-disorders-and-constructs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Daniel M LeBouthillier, Gordon J G Asmundson
Evidence supports exercise as an intervention for many mental health concerns; however, randomized controlled investigations of the efficacy of different exercise modalities and predictors of change are lacking. The purposes of the current trial were to: (1) quantify the effects of aerobic exercise and resistance training on anxiety-related disorder (including anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder) status, symptoms, and constructs, (2) evaluate whether both modalities of exercise were equivalent, and (3) to determine whether exercise enjoyment and physical fitness are associated with symptom reduction...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049336/exercise-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kirsten K Roessler, Randi Bilberg, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kurt Jensen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Sengül Sari
AIMS: To examine whether physical activity as an adjunct to outpatient alcohol treatment has an effect on alcohol consumption following participation in an exercise intervention of six months' duration, and at 12 months after treatment initiation. METHODS: The study is a randomized controlled study with three arms: Patients allocated to (A) treatment as usual, (B) treatment as usual and supervised group exercise, (C) treatment as usual and individual physical exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#19
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046988/should-pre-hypertension-be-treated
#20
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kanegae, Takamitsu Oikawa, Kazuomi Kario
Hypertension is an important preventable risk factor for disease and death worldwide. In light of the world's population growth and aging, hypertension is a global public health issue. Many studies have shown associations between pre-hypertension and a higher risk of the future development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in general populations. However, pre-hypertension per se is not a disease with an immediate high risk, and the clinical value of the identification of pre-hypertension is the potential detection of the early stage of the risk of hypertension and/or cardiovascular disease over an individual's lifespan...
October 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
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