keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727771/randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-supervised-high-intensity-exercise-program-in-patients-with-a-hematologic-malignancy-treated-with-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-results-from-the-exist-study
#1
Saskia Persoon, Mai J M ChinAPaw, Laurien M Buffart, Roberto D K Liu, Pierre Wijermans, Harry R Koene, Monique C Minnema, Pieternella J Lugtenburg, Erik W A Marijt, Johannes Brug, Frans Nollet, Marie José Kersten
BACKGROUND: This single blind, multicenter randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a supervised high intensity exercise program on physical fitness and fatigue in patients with multiple myeloma or lymphoma recently treated with autologous stem cell transplantation. METHODS: 109 patients were randomly assigned to the 18-week exercise intervention or the usual care control group. The primary outcomes included physical fitness (VO2peak and Wpeak determined using a cardiopulmonary exercise test; grip strength and the 30s chair stand test) and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) and were assessed prior to randomization and after completion of the intervention or at similar time points for the control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727674/the-community-balance-and-mobility-scale-a-valid-assessment-tool-of-balance-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#2
Luke Martelli, Dave Saraswat, Gail Dechman, Nicholas B Giacomantonio, Scott A Grandy
PURPOSE: Many patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have decreased balance. This is a concern, as it may affect their ability to optimally perform physical exercise in CR and thus decrease CR efficacy. Despite this concern, balance is typically not assessed as part of CR intake. This may be attributable to the fact that a suitable balance assessment tool has not been identified for higher-functioning CR patients. A potential solution to this issue is using the Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CBMS), which has been used to assess balance in higher-functioning clinical populations; however, its use in a CR population has never been investigated...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727668/comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-secondary-prevention-after-transient-ischemic-attack-or-mild-stroke-psychological-profile-and-outcomes
#3
Peter L Prior, Vladimir Hachinski, Richard Chan, Karen Unsworth, Sharon Mytka, Michael Harnadek, Christina OʼCallaghan, Neville Suskin
PURPOSE: Having previously reported that comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR) is effective for secondary prevention post-transient ischemic attack (TIA)/mild nondisabling stroke (MNDS), we present psychometric findings for the same sample that elucidate subacute TIA/MNDS psychological outcomes and test whether CCR would be independently associated with psychological improvements. METHODS: In this prospective cohort trial patients with ≥1 risk factor, recruited from a stroke prevention clinic within 12 months (mean = 11...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727639/effects-of-12-week-resistance-exercise-on-electroencephalogram-patterns-and-cognitive-function-in-the-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Soon-Gook Hong, June-Hong Kim, Tae-Won Jun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a 12-week resistance exercise program with an elastic band on electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns and cognitive function in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two subjects with MCI and 25 healthy volunteer subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: subjects with MCI who undertook the exercise program (MCI-EX; n = 10), an MCI control group (MCI-Con; n = 12), a healthy volunteer exercise group (NG-EX; n = 12), and a healthy volunteer control group (NG-Con; n = 13)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727592/nutrition-exercise-and-skin-integrity-among-frail-older-adults-in-taiwan
#5
Chia-Te Chen, Heng-Hsin Tung, Tao-Hsin Tung, Jong-Chyou Denq
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine the correlation between nutrition status and skin integrity in the frail older adult population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants (N = 94) in this cross-sectional study were recruited through convenience sampling from the neurology and geriatrics outpatient department at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan. Study tools included a Basic Participant Profile Fill-in Sheet, which assesses demographic and exercise habit; the Comorbidity Index; Skin Integrity Evaluation Chart; Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; and Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727578/physical-activity-and-survival-in-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#6
Oxana Palesh, Charles Kamen, Susan Sharp, Ashleigh Golden, Eric Neri, David Spiegel, Cheryl Koopman
BACKGROUND: Several empirical investigations have attempted to characterize the effect of physical activity on cancer mortality, but these investigations have rarely focused on patients with advanced breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the hypothesis that greater physical activity is associated with longer survival among women with advanced breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of a prospective study of 103 patients with stage IV (n = 100) or locally recurrent (n = 3) breast cancer involved in a group psychotherapy trial...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726269/previous-physical-exercise-alters-hepatic-profile-of-oxidative-inflammatory-status-and-limits-the-secondary-brain-damage-induced-by-severe-tbi-in-rats
#7
Mauro Robson Torres de Castro, Ana Paula de Oliveira Ferreira, Guilherme Lago Busanello, Luís Roberto Hart da Silva, Mauro Eduardo Porto da Silveira Junior, Fernando Fiorin, Gabriela Arrifano, Maria Elena Crespo López, Rômulo Pillon Barcelos, María J Cuevas, Guilherme Bresciani, Javier González-Gallego, Michele Rechia Fighera, Luiz Fernando Freire Royes
Although systemic responses have been described after traumatic brain injury (TBI), little is known regarding potential interactions between brain and peripheral organs after neuronal injury. In this sense, we decided to investigate whether peripheral oxidative/inflammatory response contributes to the neuronal dysfunction after TBI as well as prophylactic role of exercise training. Animals were submitted to fluid percussion injury (FPI) after 6 weeks of swimming training. Previous exercise training increased mRNA expression of X receptor alpha (LXR-α), ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA1), and decreased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-6 expression per se in liver...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724914/enhanced-learning-through-multimodal-training-evidence-from-a-comprehensive-cognitive-physical-fitness-and-neuroscience-intervention
#8
N Ward, E Paul, P Watson, G E Cooke, C H Hillman, N J Cohen, A F Kramer, A K Barbey
The potential impact of brain training methods for enhancing human cognition in healthy and clinical populations has motivated increasing public interest and scientific scrutiny. At issue is the merits of intervention modalities, such as computer-based cognitive training, physical exercise training, and non-invasive brain stimulation, and whether such interventions synergistically enhance cognition. To investigate this issue, we conducted a comprehensive 4-month randomized controlled trial in which 318 healthy, young adults were enrolled in one of five interventions: (1) Computer-based cognitive training on six adaptive tests of executive function; (2) Cognitive and physical exercise training; (3) Cognitive training combined with non-invasive brain stimulation and physical exercise training; (4) Active control training in adaptive visual search and change detection tasks; and (5) Passive control...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724842/short-term-effect-of-back-school-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-involving-multidisciplinary-collaboration
#9
Ryo Motoya, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Yoko Ono, Takatomo Matsumoto, Ryohei Yamagishi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive back school program that included elements of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), implement this through multidisciplinary collaboration, and ascertain its effectiveness as a pilot study. DesignThis school was implemented in the form of five 90-minute group sessions held every other week.MethodsParticipants comprised 7 chronic low back pain patients with poor improvement in the usual treatment. Practitioners were orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, and a clinical psychologist...
July 20, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724452/exercise-energy-expenditure-and-energy-balance-as-measured-with-doubly-labelled-water
#10
Klaas R Westerterp
The doubly labelled water method for the measurement of total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) over 1-3 weeks under daily living conditions is the indicated method to study effects of exercise and extreme environments on energy balance. Subjects consume a measured amount of doubly labelled water (2H2 18O) to increase background enrichment of body water for 18O and 2H, and the subsequent difference in elimination rate between 18O and 2H, as measured in urine, saliva or blood samples, is a measure for carbon dioxide production and thus allows calculation of TDEE...
July 20, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724442/impact-of-obesity-on-the-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-axial-spondyloarthritis
#11
Raphael Micheroli, Monika Hebeisen, Lukas M Wildi, Pascale Exer, Giorgio Tamborrini, Jürg Bernhard, Burkhard Möller, Pascal Zufferey, Michael J Nissen, Almut Scherer, Adrian Ciurea
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the impact of obesity on the response to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of different body mass index (BMI) categories on TNFi response in a large cohort of patients with axSpA. METHODS: Patients with axSpA within the Swiss Clinical Quality Management (SCQM) program were included in the current study if they fulfilled the Assessment in Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria for axSpA, started a first TNFi after recruitment, and had available BMI data as well as a baseline and follow-up visit at 1 year (±6 months)...
July 19, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724351/impact-of-a-lay-led-home-based-intervention-programme-on-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-pre-frail-and-frail-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
A Kapan, E Winzer, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are necessary. Therefore, we performed a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to compare effects of a lay-led home-based physical and nutritional intervention programme with social support alone on different QoL domains in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults. METHODS: In this analysis within a RCT (12 weeks), lay volunteers visited one-on-one pre-frail or frail older adults at home twice a week...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723919/level-of-physical-activity-and-aerobic-capacity-associate-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#13
Nathalia Volpato, Juliana Kobashigawa, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Simoni Thiemi Kishimoto, Paula Teixeira Fernandes, Fernando Cendes
Epilepsy is more than seizures and includes a high risk of comorbidities and psychological disorders, leading to poor quality of life (QOL). Earlier studies have showed a sedentary lifestyle in people with epilepsy (PWE), which could contribute to poorer health and psychological problems. The purpose of the present study was to compare habits of physical activity (PA), aerobic capacity, and QOL between PWE and healthy controls in order to identify the necessity of intervention of habits and information on physical exercise (PE) and to better understand the importance of PE for PWE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722361/-food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-a-stepwise-diagnosis
#14
Julien Gaillard, Amélie Borgeat-Kaeser, Guillaume Buss, François Spertini
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a potentially severe food allergy. Physical exercise, NSAID, alcohol, infectious diseases and estrogens are recognized cofactors, able to reduce the amount of allergen needed to achieve a threshold for the induction of anaphylaxis. Various kinds of causative food but only a few responsible proteins have been identified. The best known is wheat ω5-gliadine. An oral food challenge remains the gold standard to prove the diagnosis. Its clinical application remains difficult and includes an allergen challenge, a cofactor challenge and a third step which integrates both of them in a single test...
April 5, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722106/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-exercise-role-in-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#15
REVIEW
Bente Klarlund Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Persistent inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIMS: The aim of this review was to provide the reader with an update of the mechanisms whereby exercise-induced cytokines may impact cardiometabolic diseases. RESULTS: Evidence exists that interleukin (IL)-1β is involved in pancreatic β-cell damage, whereas TNF-α is a key molecule in peripheral insulin resistance...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#16
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#17
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721834/the-interaction-between-nutrition-and-exercise-for-promoting-health-and-performance
#19
Oliver C Witard, Derek Ball
The theme of The Nutrition Society Spring Conference 2017 was on the interaction between nutrition and exercise for promoting healthy ageing, maintaining cognitive function and improving the metabolic health of the population. The importance of this theme is highlighted by the public health issues surrounding obesity, diabetes and the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia). The opening symposium provided a historical perspective of both invasive and non-invasive methodologies for measuring exercise energetics and energy balance...
July 19, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721428/gender-and-age-differences-in-levels-types-and-locations-of-physical-activity-among-older-adults-living-in-car-dependent-neighborhoods
#20
W Li, E Procter-Gray, L Churchill, S E Crouter, K Kane, J Tian, P D Franklin, J K Ockene, J Gurwitz
BACKGROUND: A thorough understanding of gender differences in physical activity is critical to effective promotion of active living in older adults. OBJECTIVES: To examine gender and age differences in levels, types and locations of physical activity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observation. SETTING: Car-dependent urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County, Massachusetts, USA. PARTICIPANTS: 111 men and 103 women aged 65 years and older...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
keyword
keyword
6197
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"