keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549978/gestational-weight-gain
#1
REVIEW
Michelle A Kominiarek, Alan M Peaceman
Prenatal care providers are advised to evaluate maternal weight at each regularly scheduled prenatal visit, monitor progress toward meeting weight gain goals, and provide individualized counseling if significant deviations from a woman's goals occur. Today, nearly 50% of women exceed their weight gain goals with overweight and obese women having the highest prevalence of excessive weight gain. Risks of inadequate weight gain include low birth weight and failure to initiate breastfeeding whereas the risks of excessive weight gain include cesarean deliveries and post-partum weight retention for the mother and large for gestational age infants, macrosomia, and childhood overweight or obesity for the offspring...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549892/radial-head-arthroplasty-in-the-active-duty-military-service-member-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#2
John C Dunn, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Logan R Koehler, Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Justin D Orr, Justin S Mitchell
PURPOSE: Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) is a viable treatment for complex radial head fracture. Whereas elbow stability and function is typically restored at short- to mid-term follow-up, the outcome in higher-demand populations is not well defined. We sought to characterize the functional and occupational outcomes following RHA in an active duty military population with intense upper extremity demands. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all U.S...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549707/interventions-for-treating-sarcopenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#3
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Minoru Yamada, Hunkyung Kim, Atsushi Harada, Hidenori Arai
BACKGROUND: Much interest has been focused on interventions for treating sarcopenia; however, the effects have gained little evidence. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of exercise, nutritional, drug, and combinational interventions for treating sarcopenia in older people. METHOD: We systematically searched MEDLINE via PubMed, the Cochrane Library of Cochrane Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Ichushi-Web for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from January 2000 to December 2016...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549220/physiological-responses-during-intermittent-running-exercise-differ-between-outdoor-and-treadmill-running
#4
Marco Panascì, Romuald Lepers, Antonio La Torre, Matteo Bonato, Hervè Assadi
The aim of this study was to compare the physiological responses during 15 min of intermittent running consisting of 30 s high intensity running exercise at maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) interspersed with 30 s passive recovery (30-30) performed outdoor versus on a motorized treadmill. Fifteen collegiate physically active males (age: 22±1 years-old; body mass: 66±7 kg; stature: 176±06 cm, weekly training volume: 5±2 h·week<sup>-1</sup>), performed Fitness Intermittent test 45-15 in order to determine VO<sub>2max</sub> and Maximal Aerobic Velocity (MAV) and then completed in random order three different training sessions consisting of 30s run -30s rest outdoor on athletic track (30-30 Track) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest on treadmill (30-30 Treadmill) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest at MAV+15% (30-30+15% MAV Treadmill)...
May 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549098/high-protein-foods-and-physical-activity-protect-against-age-related-muscle-loss-and-functional-decline
#5
M Loring Bradlee, Jabed Mustafa, Martha R Singer, Lynn L Moore
Background: Some clinical trials suggest that protein supplementation enhances the effects of resistance exercise on skeletal muscle mass (SMM); fewer studies examine the effects of diets rich in protein-source foods on SMM and functional status among community-dwelling adults. Methods: Data from the Framingham Offspring study including diet (three-day records, exams 3 and 5), physical activity (exams 2 and 4), percent SMM (%SMM) (exams 6 and 7), and functional performance (exams 5 through 8) were used to evaluate independent and combined effects of physical activity and high-protein foods on adjusted mean %SMM (using analysis of covariance) and risk of functional decline (using Cox proportional hazard's models)...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548991/protein-nutrition-and-exercise-survival-kit-for-critically-ill
#6
Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Protein delivery as well as exercise of critically ill in clinical practice is still a highly debated issue. Here we discuss only the most recent updates in the literature concerning protein nutrition and exercise of the critically ill. RECENT FINDINGS: By lack of randomized controlled trial (RCTs) in protein nutrition we discuss four post-hoc analyses of nutrition studies and one experimental study in mice. Studies mainly confirm some insights that protein and energy effects are separate and that the trajectory of the patient in the ICU might change these effects...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548953/from-rapalogs-to-anti-aging-formula
#7
Mikhail V Blagosklonny
Inhibitors of mTOR, including clinically available rapalogs such as rapamycin (Sirolimus) and Everolimus, are gerosuppressants, which suppress cellular senescence. Rapamycin slows aging and extends life span in a variety of species from worm to mammals. Rapalogs can prevent age-related diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, obesity, neurodegeneration and retinopathy and potentially rejuvenate stem cells, immunity and metabolism. Here, I further suggest how rapamycin can be combined with metformin, inhibitors of angiotensin II signaling (Losartan, Lisinopril), statins (simvastatin, atorvastatin), propranolol, aspirin and a PDE5 inhibitor...
May 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#8
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546140/what-to-build-for-middle-agers-to-come-attractive-and-necessary-functions-of-exercise-promotion-mobile-phone-apps-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Gen-Yih Liao, Yu-Tai Chien, Yu-Jen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Hsiung, Hsiao-Jung Chen, Meng-Hua Hsieh, Wen-Jie Wu
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important for middle-agers to maintain health both in middle age and in old age. Although thousands of exercise-promotion mobile phone apps are available for download, current literature offers little understanding regarding which design features can enhance middle-aged adults' quality perception toward exercise-promotion apps and which factor may influence such perception. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to understand (1) which design features of exercise-promotion apps can enhance quality perception of middle-agers, (2) whether their needs are matched by current functions offered in app stores, and (3) whether physical activity (PA) and mobile phone self-efficacy (MPSE) influence quality perception...
May 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546086/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-aging-physiological-and-molecular-insights
#10
REVIEW
Djordje G Jakovljevic
Aging is associated with significant changes in both cardiac and vascular structure and function that lower the threshold for clinical signs and symptoms, making older people more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, morbidity and mortality. Understanding of age-related cardiovascular changes is necessary for effective and efficient prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in older people. Cardiac aging is associated with left ventricular remodelling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic and diastolic myocardial dysfunction, and reduced sensitivity to sympathetic stimuli that compromises myocardial contractility and pumping ability in older people...
May 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#11
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545575/impaired-chronotropic-response-to-physical-activities-in-heart-failure-patients
#12
Hong Shen, Jianrong Zhao, Xiaohong Zhou, Jingbo Li, Qing Wan, Jing Huang, Hui Li, Liqun Wu, Shungang Yang, Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: While exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation has a beneficial effect on heart failure hospitalization and mortality, it is limited by the presence of chronotropic incompetence (CI) in some patients. This study explored the feasibility of using wearable devices to assess impaired chronotropic response in heart failure patients. METHODS: Forty patients with heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction, LVEF: 44.6 ± 5.8; age: 54.4 ± 11.7) received ECG Holter and accelerometer to monitor heart rate (HR) and physical activities during symptom-limited treadmill exercise testing, 6-min hall walk (6MHW), and 24-h daily living...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545506/development-and-evaluation-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-community-based-controlled-intervention-trial
#13
Saskia Muellmann, Inna Bragina, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Eric Rost, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Jochen Schnauber, Merlin Wasmann, Merle Toborg, Frauke Koppelin, Tilman Brand, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is a key contributor to healthy ageing. However, despite known health benefits, only one third of older adults in Germany reach the PA levels recommended for persons aged 65 years and above by the World Health Organization. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two web-based interventions for the initiation and maintenance of regular PA (i.e., intervention groups 1 and 2) compared to a delayed intervention control group of older adults aged 65 to 75 years...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545403/long-lasting-effect-of-obesity-on-skeletal-muscle-transcriptome
#14
Ilhem Messaoudi, Mithila Handu, Maham Rais, Suhas Sureshchandra, Byung S Park, Suzanne S Fei, Hollis Wright, Ashley E White, Ruhee Jain, Judy L Cameron, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Oleg Varlamov
BACKGROUND: Reduced physical activity and increased intake of calorically-dense diets are the main risk factors for obesity, glucose intolerance, and type 2 diabetes. Chronic overnutrition and hyperglycemia can alter gene expression, contributing to long-term obesity complications. While caloric restriction can reduce obesity and glucose intolerance, it is currently unknown whether it can effectively reprogram transcriptome to a pre-obesity level. The present study addressed this question by the preliminary examination of the transcriptional dynamics in skeletal muscle after exposure to overnutrition and following caloric restriction...
May 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545400/the-role-of-a-behavioural-medicine-intervention-in-physiotherapy-for-the-effects-of-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-ecra-the-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Sabina Borg, Birgitta Öberg, Lennart Nilsson, Anne Söderlund, Maria Bäck
BACKGROUND: To help patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) benefit from the positive health effects attained by exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR), adherence to these programmes according to international guidelines is important. Strategies to increase adherence to exercise-based CR are mainly an unexplored area. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of a behavioural medicine intervention in physiotherapy, containing goal-setting, self-monitoring and feedback, with the aim of improving rehabilitation outcomes for exercise-based CR, compared with usual care...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544465/correlates-of-nocturia-and-relationships-of-nocturia-with-sleep-quality-and-glycemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Chun-Jen Chang, Dee Pei, Chien-Chih Wu, Mary H Palmer, Ching-Chieh Su, Shu-Fen Kuo, Yuan-Mei Liao
PURPOSES: To explore correlates of nocturia, compare sleep quality and glycemic control for women with and without nocturia, and examine relationships of nocturia with sleep quality and glycemic control in women with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, correlational study with data collected from 275 women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543790/are-heart-rate-monitors-valuable-tools-for-diagnosing-arrhythmias-in-endurance-athletes
#17
Robert Gajda, Elżbieta Katarzyna Biernacka, Wojciech Drygas
Millions of physically active individuals worldwide use heart rate monitors (HRMs) to control their exercise intensity. In many cases, the HRM indicates an unusually high heart rate (HR) or even arrhythmias during training. Unfortunately, studies assessing the reliability of these devices to help control HR disturbances during exercise do not exist. We examined 142 regularly training endurance runners and cyclists, aged 18-51, with unexplained HR abnormalities indicated by various HRMs to assess the utility of HRMs in diagnosing exertion-induced arrhythmias...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543400/risk-factors-associated-with-sensitive-skin-and-potential-role-of-lifestyle-habits-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
D Falcone, R J H Richters, N E Uzunbajakava, P E J van Erp, P C M van de Kerkhof
Sensitive skin (SS) is a widespread condition, but still not completely understood. To identify risk factors that increase the likelihood of SS, 258 women aged between 20 and 65 years old and resident in the Netherlands were surveyed by questionnaire, which included questions on sociodemographic characteristics (age group, Fitzpatrick skin type, hormonal status), health state (atopic predisposition, skin diseases) and lifestyle habits (history of smoking and of sun exposure, frequency of physical exercise)...
May 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542868/initial-placement-and-secondary-displacement-of-a-new-suture-method-catheter-for-sciatic-nerve-block-in-healthy-volunteers-a-randomised-double-blind-pilot-study
#19
T S Lyngeraa, C Rothe, C Steen-Hansen, M H Madsen, C B Christiansen, A M Andreasen, L H Lundstrøm, K H W Lange
We performed a randomised double-blind pilot study in 16 healthy volunteers to investigate the success rate for placing a new suture-method catheter for sciatic nerve block. A catheter was inserted into both legs of volunteers and each was randomly allocated to receive 15 ml lidocaine 2% through the catheter in one leg and 15 ml saline in the other leg. Successful placement of the catheter was defined as a 20% decrease in maximum voluntary isometric contraction for dorsiflexion of the ankle. Secondary outcomes were maximum voluntary isometric contraction for plantar flexion at the ankle, surface electromyography and cold sensation...
May 25, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542742/exercise-or-social-intervention-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Philippe Denormandie, Didier Armaingaud, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of exercise with those of a structured nonphysical intervention on ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and physical and cognitive function of persons with dementia (PWDs) living in nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Cluster-randomized pilot-controlled trial. SETTING: Seven French NHs. PARTICIPANTS: PWDs living in NHs. MEASUREMENTS: NHs were randomized to an exercise group (4 NHs, n = 47) or structured social activity group (3 NHs, n = 50) for a 24-week intervention performed twice per week for 60 minutes per session...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
keyword
keyword
6197
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"