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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457753/bone-strength-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#1
Kathleen F Janz, Fatima Baptista
The positive effects of physical activity on bone strength are certain. However, researchers have yet to precisely quantify the contribution of specific characteristics of physical activity that affect bone strength in children and adolescents. This commentary highlights 2 noteworthy 2017 publications that addressed osteogenic physical activity dose-response issues. Both papers moved the field forward by providing new insights on physical activity exposures beyond high-impact loading. Koedijk et al's paper was selected because, to the best of our knowledge, it is the first systematic review to solely examine associations between sedentary behavior and indicators of bone strength...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457512/perceived-diet-and-exercise-behaviors-among-social-network-members-with-personal-lifestyle-habits-of-public-housing-residents
#2
Kimberly A Gudzune, Jennifer Peyton, Craig Evan Pollack, J Hunter Young, David M Levine, Carl A Latkin, Jeanne M Clark
Our objective was to characterize the relationship between public housing residents' diet/exercise habits with similar behaviors among their social network. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected households in Baltimore, Maryland, from August 2014 to August 2015. Adult heads of household completed questions on diet, exercise, and perceived habits among network members. Our dependent variables were high added sugar intake (≥39.9 teaspoons/day), high fruit/vegetable intake (≥6.1 servings/day), and being physically active (≥moderately activity)...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457390/-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-posterolateral-rotatory-instability-of-the-elbow
#3
Hui Kang, Wei Wang, Hong-Chuan Li, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of surgical reconstruction of the lateral ligament complex for posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) of the elbow joint. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2015, 20 patients with posterolateral rotatory instability of elbow joint were treated in our department. There were 12 males and 8 females whose age ranged from 30 to 60 years old, with an average age of 45.5 years old. Sixteen patients had injuries on the right side and 4 patients had injuries on the left side...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456442/the-effect-of-direction-specific-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-the-cervical-spine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Steve Karas, Megan J Olson Hunt, Bill Temes, Martin Thiel, Trenton Swoverland, Brett Windsor
Objectives: To determine the difference on neck outcomes with directional manipulation to the thoracic spine. There is evidence that thoracic spine manipulation is effective in treating patients with neck pain. However, there is no research that determines if the assessment of directional hypomobility and the selection of thrust direction offer improved outcomes. Methods: A total of 69 patients with cervical spine pain were randomly assigned to receive either a manipulation that was consistent with their thoracic spine motion loss (matched) or opposite their motion loss (unmatched)...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455302/patient-experiences-of-a-physiotherapy-led-multidisciplinary-rehabilitative-intervention-after-successful-treatment-for-oesophago-gastric-cancer
#5
A E Bennett, L O'Neill, D Connolly, E M Guinan, L Boland, S L Doyle, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore the perceived impact of a 12-week rehabilitative intervention for oesophago-gastric cancer survivors on their physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: Of the 21 participants who completed the intervention, 19 took part in a semi-structured focus group interview. Four audio-taped focus groups were held, ranging in size from two to eight participants. Focus groups were transcribed and analysed using a descriptive qualitative approach...
February 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454783/comparison-of-the-diastolic-stress-test-with-a-combined-resting-echocardiography-and-biomarker-approach-to-patients-with-exertional-dyspnea-diagnostic-and-prognostic-implications
#6
Wojciech Kosmala, Monika Przewlocka-Kosmala, Aleksandra Rojek, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish the diagnostic and prognostic value of a strategy for prediction of abnormal diastolic response to exercise (AbnDR) using clinical, biochemical, and resting echocardiographic markers in dyspneic patients with mild diastolic dysfunction. BACKGROUND: An AbnDR (increase in left ventricular filling pressure) may indicate heart failure with preserved ejection fraction as the cause of symptoms in dyspneic patients, despite a nonelevated noncardiac at rest...
February 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454345/associations-of-total-and-type-specific-physical-activity-with-mortality-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Zoe McKeough, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is recommended for all people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the dose of physical activity required to gain mortality benefit in this population is not yet known. This aim of this study was to examine the associations of total and type-specific physical activity with mortality risk in people with COPD. METHODS: People with COPD aged ≥40 years were identified from the 1997 Health Survey for England and the 1998 and 2003 Scottish Health Survey cohorts...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454318/points-based-physical-activity-a-novel-approach-to-facilitate-changes-in-body-composition-in-inactive-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#9
Adrian Holliday, Alice Burgin, Elyzabeth Vargas Fernandez, Sally A M Fenton, Frank Thielecke, Andrew K Blannin
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) interventions for the promotion of weight-management may benefit from increased choice and flexibility to overcome commonly-perceived barriers to PA. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel "points-based" approach to PA on body composition in inactive women, who are overweight or obese. METHODS: Seventy-six overweight or obese, inactive women were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: 'Points-based' PA (PBPA; 30 "PA points"•week- 1 ), Structured exercise (StructEx; 150 min moderate-intensity exercise•week- 1 ) or control (CONT; continue habitual inactive lifestyle) for a 24-week intervention...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454140/weight-management-in-rural-health-clinics-the-midwest-diet-and-exercise-trial
#10
Anna M Gorczyca, Richard A Washburn, Lauren Ptomey, Matthew S Mayo, Debra K Sullivan, Cheryl A Gibson, Robert Lee, Sarah Stolte, Joseph E Donnelly
Obesity prevalence is higher in rural compared to urban residents. Rural health clinics offer a potential venue for delivery of weight management. However, traditional programs require travel to attend on-site meetings which is impractical or inconvenient for rural residents. Clinic staff in most rural settings are unlikely to be trained to provide effective weight management. Remote delivery using group phone conferences (GP) or individual phone calls (IP), by staff associated with rural clinics eliminates the need for travel to attend on-site meetings...
February 14, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454077/a-prospective-investigation-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults
#11
Qian Xiao, Sarah K Keadle, David Berrigan, Charles E Matthews
Neighborhood conditions may have an important impact on physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the older population. Most previous studies in this area are cross-sectional and report mixed findings regarding the effects of neighborhood environment on different types of physical activity. Moreover, little is known about the prospective relationship between neighborhood environment and sedentary behaviors. Our analysis included 136,526 participants from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (age 51-70). Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was measured with an index based on census variables and developed using principal component analysis...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453742/the-effect-of-physical-activity-interventions-on-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba-1c-in-non-diabetic-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Iván Cavero-Redondo, Bárbara Peleteiro, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Enrique G Artero, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is widely perceived to be beneficial for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus and for controlling glycaemic levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, but evidence supporting a positive effect in the control of glycaemic levels in healthy people is rather weak. The aim of this review was to estimate the effect of physical activity on glycaemic control measured by glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) levels in non-diabetic populations, and to determine which type of physical activity has a greater influence on glycaemic control...
February 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453669/physical-training-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-failure-patients
#13
Cesare de Gregorio
Regardless of advances in medical and interventional treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), a limited number of patients attend a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programme on a regular basis. Due to modern therapies more individuals will be surviving an acute cardiovascular event, but the expected burden of chronic heart failure will be increasing worldwide.However, both in high- and low-income countries, secondary prevention after an acute myocardial infarction or stroke has been implemented in less than a half of eligible patients...
February 17, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453343/effect-of-chronic-exercise-on-fluoride-metabolism-in-fluorosis-susceptible-mice-exposed-to-high-fluoride
#14
Sandra L Amaral, Liane B Azevedo, Marilia A R Buzalaf, Mayara F Fabricio, Mileni S Fernandes, Ruth A Valentine, Anne Maguire, Fatemeh V Zohoori
The present study investigated the effect of chronic exercise on fluoride (F) metabolism in fluorosis-susceptible mice exposed to high-F and explored the relationship between F concentrations in bone and plasma. Thirty male mice were randomised into three groups: Group I (No-F, No-Exercise), Group II (50 ppmF, No-Exercise), Group III (50 ppmF, Exercise). Body weight and physical performance of all mice were measured at baseline and end of experiment. F concentrations of plasma and bone were measured at the end of experiment...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452781/physical-training-maintains-or-improves-gait-ability-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Susana María Gil, Jon Irazusta, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad
Numerous studies have reported the benefits of physical exercise in older adults. However, studies performed in long-term nursing home (LTNH) residents are scarce. A literature search was conducted to identify physical exercise intervention studies that were randomized and controlled and that assessed gait ability in older LTNH residents using both walking speed and timed up-and-go (TUG) tests simultaneously. Together, these tests have been defined under the term "gait ability"; they are widely used to screen for impaired physical function, and can predict accelerated functional decline, difficulty with activities of daily living (ADL), falls, and disability in older adults...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452626/translation-of-an-evidence-based-therapeutic-exercise-program-for-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#16
Dereck L Salisbury, Mary O Whipple, Marsha Burt, Rebecca J L Brown, Alan Hirsch, Christopher Foley, Diane Treat-Jacobson
The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate quality outcomes including referral, enrollment, and completion rates of a new peripheral artery disease (PAD)-specific supervised exercise therapy (SET) program within a preexisting clinical exercise wellness program and to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and patient-centered outcomes derived from 12 weeks of PAD-specific SET. Recruited participants completed an individualized, minimally supervised, PAD-specific SET program based on the AHA-ACC guidelines...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452599/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-pre-operative-physical-activity-to-improve-patient-outcomes-after-major-cancer-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-pepa-trial
#17
Daniel Steffens, Jane Young, Paula R Beckenkamp, James Ratcliffe, Freya Rubie, Nabila Ansari, Neil Pillinger, Michael Solomon
BACKGROUND: There is a need for evidence of the effectiveness of pre-operative exercise for patients undergoing major cancer surgery; however, recruitment to such trials can be challenging. The PrE-operative Physical Activity (PEPA) Trial will establish the feasibility and acceptability of a pre-operative exercise programme aimed to improve patient outcomes after cytoreductive surgery and pelvic exenteration. The secondary aim is to obtain pilot data on the likely difference in key outcomes (post-operative complications, length of hospital stay, post-operative functional capacity and quality of life) to inform the sample size calculation for the substantive randomised clinical trial...
February 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452135/evidence-based-exercise-recommendations-to-reduce-hepatic-fat-content-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
María Medrano, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The main purposes of this study were to elucidate the effects of supervised-exercise training (ET) interventions on hepatic fat content and on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence in children and adolescents and to provide information about the optimal ET prescription (type, intensity, volume, and frequency) needed to reduce hepatic fat content in youths. Supervised-ET interventions performed in children and adolescents (6-19 years) that provided results of exercise effects on hepatic fat content or NAFLD prevalence were included...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#19
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451419/physical-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones-three-pillars-to-fight-sarcopenia
#20
Paolo Sgrò, Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Stefania Sabatini, Paolo Borrione, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a pathophysiological condition diffused in elderly people; it represents a social issue due to the longer life expectancy and the growing aging population. It affects negatively quality of life and it represents a risk factor for other pathologies, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. No silver bullet exists to hinder sarcopenia, but it may be counteracted by physical exercise, nutrition, and a proper endocrine milieu. Indeed, we aim to analyze the scientific literature to give to clinician effective advices to counteract sarcopenia...
February 16, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
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