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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691948/lifestyle-factors-and-the-course-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-nesdo-study
#1
REVIEW
Myrthe C Bruin, Hannie C Comijs, Rob M Kok, Roos C Van der Mast, Julia F Van den Berg
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether lifestyle indicators including physical exercise, sleep duration, alcohol use, body mass index, smoking status, and a composite lifestyle index are associated with the depression course in older adults. METHODS: Data of 283 older adults were used from the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons. Depressive disorders at baseline were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The depression course at 2-year follow-up was assessed with the Inventory of Depressive Symptoms (IDS, score 0-84) every 6 months; physical exercise with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; alcohol use with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; body mass index by anthropometry; and sleep duration and smoking status by interview questions...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690525/quadrilateral-space-syndrome-diagnosis-and-clinical-management
#2
REVIEW
Patrick T Hangge, Ilana Breen, Hassan Albadawi, M Grace Knuttinen, Sailendra G Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) is a rare disorder characterized by axillary nerve and posterior humeral circumflex artery (PHCA) compression within the quadrilateral space. Impingement is most frequently due to trauma, fibrous bands, or hypertrophy of one of the muscular borders. Diagnosis can be complicated by the presence of concurrent traumatic injuries, particularly in athletes. Since many other conditions can mimic QSS, it is often a diagnosis of exclusion. Conservative treatment is often first trialed, including physical exercise modification, physical therapy, and therapeutic massage...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689723/stereological-investigation-of-the-effects-of-treadmill-running-exercise-on-the-hippocampal-neurons-in-middle-aged-app-ps1-transgenic-mice
#3
Fenglei Chao, Lin Jiang, Yi Zhang, Chunni Zhou, Lei Zhang, Jing Tang, Xin Liang, Yingqiang Qi, Yanqing Zhu, Jing Ma, Yong Tang
The risk of cognitive decline during Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be reduced if physical activity is maintained; however, the specific neural events underlying this beneficial effect are still uncertain. To quantitatively investigate the neural events underlying the effect of running exercise on middle-aged AD subjects, 12-month-old male APP/PS1 mice were randomly assigned to a control group or running group, and age-matched non-transgenic littermates were used as a wild-type group. AD running group mice were subjected to a treadmill running protocol (regular and moderate intensity) for four months...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689716/effects-of-exergaming-in-people-with-dementia-results-of-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Joeke van Santen, Rose-Marie Dröes, Marije Holstege, Olivier Blanson Henkemans, Annelies van Rijn, Ralph de Vries, Annemieke van Straten, Franka Meiland
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise benefits functioning, health, and well-being. However, people living with dementia in particular hardly engage in exercise. Exergaming (exercise and gaming) is an innovative, fun, and relatively safe way of exercising in a virtual reality or gaming environment. It may help people living with dementia overcome barriers they can experience regarding regular exercise activities. OBJECTIVE: This systematic literature review aims to provide an overview of the cost-effectiveness of exergaming and its effects on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning, as well as the quality of life in people living with dementia...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689482/adventure-based-training-to-promote-physical-activity-and-reduce-fatigue-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
William H C Li, K Y Ho, K K W Lam, H S Lam, S Y Chui, Godfrey C F Chan, A T Cheung, L L K Ho, O K Chung
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most distressing symptoms reported by childhood cancer survivors. Despite the body of evidence that regular physical activity helps alleviate cancer-related fatigue, insufficient participation in physical activity is frequently observed among childhood cancer survivors. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effectiveness of an adventure-based training programme in promoting physical activity, reducing fatigue, and enhancing self-efficacy and quality of life among Hong Kong Chinese childhood cancer survivors...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689320/associations-between-barriers-to-self-care-and-diabetes-complications-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Maryam Sina, Jonathan Graffy, David Simmons
AIMS: To determine which barriers to care are associated with type 2 diabetes complications in an area in rural East England. METHODS: 3,649 individuals with type 2 diabetes from 62 general practices were contacted via postal invitation which included a 33 item Barriers-to-Diabetes-Care Survey. Barriers were grouped into five priori major categories: educational, physical, psychological, psychosocial, and systems. The associations of reported barriers, both individually and as a group, with self-reported complications were assessed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689096/improving-temporal-accuracy-of-human-metabolic-chambers-for-dynamic-metabolic-studies
#7
Shanshan Chen, Erica Wohlers, Eric Ruud, Jon Moon, Bin Ni, Francesco S Celi
Metabolic chambers are powerful tools for assessing human energy expenditure, providing flexibility and comfort for the subjects in a near free-living environment. However, the flexibility offered by the large living room size creates challenges in the assessment of dynamic human metabolic signals-such as those generated during high-intensity interval training and short-term involuntary physical activities-with sufficient temporal accuracy. Therefore, this paper presents methods to improve the temporal accuracy of metabolic chambers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688799/gender-differences-in-the-effects-of-the-frequency-of-physical-activity-on-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-a-middle-aged-community-cohort-in-taiwan
#8
Sheng-Pyng Chen, Huan-Cheng Chang, Tien-Mu Hsiao, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hao-Jan Yang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the frequency of physical activity in adults influences the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and whether there are gender differences within these effects. METHODS: In this study, 3368 residents from the established "Landseed Cohort" underwent three waves of health examinations, and those who did not have MetS at baseline were selected and analyzed using a multiple Poisson regression model. By calculating the adjusted relative risk (ARR), the linear and nonlinear relationships between the frequency of physical activity and risk of developing MetS were examined for male and female participants...
April 24, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688551/making-a-move-in-exercise-referral-co-development-of-a-physical-activity-referral-scheme
#9
B J R Buckley, D H J Thijssen, R C Murphy, L E F Graves, G Whyte, F B Gillison, D Crone, P M Wilson, P M Watson
Background: Translational research is required to ensure exercise referral schemes (ERSs) are evidence-based and reflect local needs. This article reports process data from the co-development phase of an ERS, providing an insight into (i) factors that must be considered when translating evidence to practice in an ERS setting, and (ii) challenges and facilitators of conducting participatory research involving multiple stakeholders. Methods: An ERS was iteratively co-developed by a multidisciplinary stakeholder group (commissioners, managers, practitioners, patients and academics) via five participatory meetings and an online survey...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688316/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies-for-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia-cardiomyopathy-patient
#10
Weijia Wang, Cynthia A James, Hugh Calkins
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a rare inherited heart muscle disease characterized by ventricular tachyarrhythmia, predominant right ventricular dysfunction, and sudden cardiac death. Its pathophysiology involves close interaction between genetic mutations and exposure to physical activity. Mutations in genes encoding desmosomal protein are the most common genetic basis. Genetic testing plays important roles in diagnosis and screening of family members. Syncope, palpitation, and lightheadedness are the most common symptoms...
April 23, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688297/ten-year-association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-ascvd-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#11
Matthew J Budoff, Rebekah Young, Gregory Burke, J Jeffrey Carr, Robert C Detrano, Aaron R Folsom, Richard Kronmal, Joao A C Lima, Kiang J Liu, Robyn L McClelland, Erin Michos, Wendy S Post, Steven Shea, Karol E Watson, Nathan D Wong
Aims: While coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been extensively validated for predicting clinical events, most outcome studies of CAC have evaluated coronary heart disease (CHD) rather than atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events (including stroke). Also, virtually all CAC studies are of short- or intermediate-term follow-up, so studies across multi-ethnic cohorts with long-term follow-up are warranted prior to widespread clinical use. We sought to evaluate the contribution of CAC using the population-based MESA cohort with over 10 years of follow-up for ASCVD events, and whether the association of CAC with events varied by sex, race/ethnicity, or age category...
April 23, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688178/coronary-sinus-reducer-implantation-improves-symptoms-ischemia-and-physical-capacity-in-patients-with-refractory-angina-unsuitable-for-myocardial-revascularization-a-single-center-experience
#12
Maayan Konigstein, Samuel Bazan, Miri Revivo, Shmuel Banai
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the Coronary Sinus Reducer implantation in alleviating angina symptoms and improving objective ischemia parameters and indices of physical capacity Methods and results: Patient with refractory angina (CCS class 3-4) were treated with the Reducer. Baseline, and follow-up evaluation consisted of clinical assessment including completion of Seattle angina Questionnaire (SAQ) and CCS class evaluation, and objective assessment by treadmill exercise test, Dobutamine echocardiography and 6-minute walk test (6MWT)...
April 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687967/vertebral-compression-fractures-associated-with-yoga-a-case-series
#13
Jad G Sfeir, Matthew T Drake, Vikram J Sonawane, Mehrsheed Sinaki
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise in skeletal health is increasingly recognized by both patients and providers. However, the safety of prescribed or recreational exercise in at-risk populations remains under-reported and under-publicized. Yoga has gained widespread popularity due to its physical and psychological benefits. When practiced in a population at increased fracture risk, however, some yoga poses may increase fracture risk, particularly at the spine, rather than increasing BMD as noted in recent popular press reports...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687966/spinal-manipulation-combined-with-laser-therapy-is-more-beneficial-than-laser-therapy-alone-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Gopal N Subash Chandra Bose, Walid Kamal, Shanmugananth Es, Siddhart Joshi, Parth Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder causing pain and disability in most of the countries. In recent years, new approaches such as Spinal manipulation and laser therapy have been considered as an alternative to conventional exercise and also found contradicting results in terms of its effectiveness. AIM: A study to compare the combined effects of spinal manipulation, Laser and exercise versus Laser and exercise alone in chronic non-specific low back pain (cnLBP)...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687558/a-single-exercise-session-increases-insulin-sensitivity-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-obese-adolescents
#15
Kevin R Short, Lauren V Pratt, April M Teague
We measured the effect of an aerobic exercise session on postprandial glucose control in adolescents with habitually low physical activity. The goal was to determine if the acute or residual response of exercise was altered by overweight/obesity (OW/Ob). Eleven normal weight (NW, BMI = 48 ± 13 percentile) and 12 OW/Ob (BMI = 91 ± 5 percentile) participants completed three trials. In the no exercise (No Ex) trial, participants rested quietly before and after consuming a test meal. In the other 2 trials, a 45-minute aerobic exercise session was performed either 17-hours (Prior Day Ex) or 40 minutes (Same Day Ex) before the test meal...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686977/a-prototype-exercise-empowerment-mobile-video-game-for-children-with-cancer-and-its-usability-assessment-developing-digital-empowerment-interventions-for-pediatric-diseases
#16
Carol S Bruggers, Sabrina Baranowski, Mathew Beseris, Rachel Leonard, Derek Long, Elizabeth Schulte, Ashton Shorter, Rowan Stigner, Clinton C Mason, Alisa Bedrov, Ian Pascual, Grzegorz Bulaj
Background: Medical advances continue to improve morbidity and mortality of serious pediatric diseases, including cancer, driving research addressing diminished physical and psychological quality of life in children with these chronic conditions. Empowerment enhances resilience and positively influences health, disease, and therapy understanding. We describe the development and usability assessment of a prototype Empower Stars! mobile video game grounded in behavioral and exercise theories with the purpose of coupling physical exercise with empowerment over disease in children with cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686884/exercise-therapy-patient-education-and-patellar-taping-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-prospective-pilot-study-with-6-months-follow-up
#17
Michael S Rathleff, Camilla R Rathleff, Sinead Holden, Kristian Thorborg, Jens L Olesen
Background: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common knee condition among adolescents, with a prevalence of 6-7% resulting in reduced function and quality of life. Exercise therapy is recommended for treating PFP, but has only been tested in older adolescents (15-19 years). This pilot study aimed to investigate the adherence to, and clinical effects of, exercise and patient education in young adolescents (12-16 years), with PFP. Methods: Twenty adolescents (16 females) with PFP were recruited from a population-based cohort to undergo a 3-month multimodal intervention...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686818/effects-of-combined-endurance-and-resistance-training-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Antonio Merico, Marianna Cavinato, Caterina Gregorio, Alessandra Lacatena, Elisabetta Gioia, Francesco Piccione, Corrado Angelini
Based on available evidence, muscle strengthening and cardiovascular exercises can help maintain function and not adversely affect the progression of disease in patients with ALS. However, this evidence is not sufficiently detailed to recommend a specific exercise prescription. The purpose of this project was to assess clinical outcomes of a combined exercise programme to increase knowledge of rehabilitation in ALS patients. 38 ALS patients were assigned randomly to two groups: one group underwent a specific exercise programme (ALS-EP) based on a moderate aerobic workout and isometric contractions, and the second group followed a standard neuromotor rehabilitation treatment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686813/resting-sympatho-vagal-balance-is-related-to-10-km-running-performance-in-master-endurance-athletes
#19
Angelo Cataldo, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Paoli, Dario Cerasola, Saverio Alagna, Giuseppe Messina, Daniele Zangla, Marcello Traina
Relationships between heart rate recovery after exercise (HRR, baseline heart rate variability measures (HRV), and time to perform a 10Km running trial (t10Km) were evaluated in "master" athletes of endurance to assess whether the measured indexes may be useful for monitoring the training status of the athletes. Ten "master" athletes of endurance, aged 40-60 years, were recruited. After baseline measures of HRV, the athletes performed a graded maximal test on treadmill and HRR was measured at 1 and 2 minutes from recovery...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686722/energy-restriction-exercise-and-atorvastatin-treatment-improve-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inhibit-mirna-155-in-the-erectile-tissue-of-the-aged-rat
#20
B Rocha, A R Rodrigues, I Tomada, M J Martins, J T Guimarães, A M Gouveia, H Almeida, D Neves
Background: Endothelial dysfunction underlies cardiovascular disease that frequently affects aged individuals. Characterized by local decrease in nitric oxide, it results from down-regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression/activity. Aiming to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in age-related endothelial dysfunction and to unveil potential therapeutic targets, we tested how diet pattern, exercise and atorvastatin modulate the expression of eNOS, inducible NOS (iNOS), endothelin-1, sirtuins (SIRT) and microRNA-155 in the erectile tissue of high-fat fed aged rats...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
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