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Physical exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822657/a-systematic-review-of-muscle-morphology-and-function-in-intermittent-claudication
#1
REVIEW
Amy E Harwood, Stephanie King, Joshua Totty, George E Smith, Natalie Vanicek, Ian C Chetter
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent claudication (IC) is frequently associated with deterioration in walking capacity and physical function, and it can often result in an impairment in balance. Whereas supervised exercise is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence as the first-line treatment, the mechanism behind walking improvement is poorly understood. The existing literature suggests that there may be some physiologic change to the skeletal muscle contributing to the functional impairment, but these data are conflicting...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822591/physical-and-psychological-effects-of-qigong-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-an-exploratory-study
#2
Pei-Shiun Chang, M Tish Knobf, Byeonsang Oh, Marjorie Funk
Older adults need exercise programs that correspond to age-related changes. The purpose of this study was to explore preliminary effects of an 8-week Qigong exercise intervention on the physical ability, functional and psychological health, and spiritual well-being of community-dwelling older adults. Forty-five community-dwelling adults with the mean age of 74.8 years participated a 1-h Health Qigong exercise session twice weekly for 8 weeks. The majority were female (84%) and white (91%), and lived with their spouse (49%)...
August 16, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821576/effect-of-a-behavioral-intervention-strategy-for-adoption-and-maintenance-of-a-physically-active-lifestyle-the-italian-diabetes-and-exercise-study-ides-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Stefano Balducci, Valeria D'Errico, Jonida Haxhi, Massimo Sacchetti, Giorgio Orlando, Patrizia Cardelli, Martina Vitale, Lucilla Bollanti, Francesco Conti, Silvano Zanuso, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Pugliese
OBJECTIVE: Adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendations is hampered by the lack of effective strategies to promote behavior change. The Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2 is a randomized controlled trial evaluating a novel behavioral intervention strategy for increasing PA and decreasing sedentary time (SED-time) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study randomized 300 physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes 1:1 to receive theoretical and practical counseling once yearly for 3 years (intervention group [INT]) or standard care (control group [CON])...
August 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821284/physical-exercise-following-esophageal-cancer-treatment-perfect-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jonna K van Vulpen, Peter D Siersema, Richard van Hillegersberg, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Richard P R Groenendijk, Donald L van der Peet, Eric J Hazebroek, Camiel Rosman, Carlo C G Schippers, Elles Steenhagen, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
BACKGROUND: Following esophagectomy, esophageal cancer patients experience a clinically relevant deterioration of health-related quality of life, both on the short- and long-term. With the currently growing number of esophageal cancer survivors, the burden of disease- and treatment-related complaints and symptoms becomes more relevant. This emphasizes the need for interventions aimed at improving quality of life. Beneficial effects of post-operative physical exercise have been reported in several cancer types, but so far comparable evidence in esophageal cancer patients is lacking...
August 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821271/high-speed-resistance-training-and-balance-training-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-to-reduce-falls-risk-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Pazit Levinger, Jeremy Dunn, Nancy Bifera, Michael Butson, George Elias, Keith D Hill
BACKGROUND: The number of falls experienced by people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is almost double the number experienced by people with no OA. The neuromuscular elements required to arrest a fall are more impaired in people with knee OA compared to their asymptomatic counterparts. Therefore, these elements may need to be incorporated into an exercise intervention to reduce the risk of falling. The aim of this study will be to examine the feasibility, safety and patient satisfaction of a high-speed resistance-training program, with and without balance exercises, in people with knee OA compared to a control group...
August 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820847/effectiveness-of-a-16-week-high-intensity-cardioresistance-training-program-in-adults
#6
Tina A Greenlee, Daniel R Greene, Nathan J Ward, Ginger E Reeser, Courtney M Allen, Nicholas W Baumgartner, Neal J Cohen, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman, Aron K Barbey
Greenlee, TA, Greene, DR, Ward, NJ, Reeser, GE, Allen, CM, Baumgartner, NW, Cohen, NJ, Kramer, AF, Hillman, CH, and Barbey, AK. Effectiveness of a 16-week high-intensity cardioresistance training program in adults. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2528-2541, 2017-The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a novel, 16-week high-intensity cardioresistance training (HICRT) program on measures of aerobic fitness, agility, aerobic power, muscular endurance, lower-body explosive power, and self-reported activity level...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820846/noninvasive-assessment-of-skeletal-muscle-myosin-heavy-chain-expression-in-trained-and-untrained-men
#7
Andrew C Fry, Terry J Housh, Joel B Cramer, Joseph P Weir, Travis W Beck, Brian K Schilling, Jonathan D Miller, Justin X Nicoll
Fry, AC, Housh, TJ, Cramer, JB, Weir, JP, Beck, TW, Schilling, BK, Miller, JD, and Nicoll, JX. Noninvasive assessment of skeletal muscle myosin heavy chain expression in trained and untrained men. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2355-2362, 2017-Numerous conditions and types of physical activity (e.g., exercise, aging, and muscle-related diseases) can influence muscle fiber types and the proteins expressed. To date, muscle fibers can only be characterized by actually obtaining a tissue sample using the invasive muscle biopsy procedure...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820773/self-care-management-in-corrections-perspectives-from-persons-with-an-incarceration-experience
#8
Annette T Maruca, Kimberly Dion, Adrial A Lobelo, Olivia Ampiah-Bonney, Chunfang Chen, Kirk Sanger, Donna Zucker
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and beliefs of what self-care management looks like for a person with an incarceration experience. This is the first phase of a two-phase study. This qualitative study, held in three county jails in Massachusetts, utilized a focus group methodology. The Rediscovery of Self-Care: A Care Intervention for Persons with Incarceration Experience (RSC) model served as the framework for this study. On the basis of a priori constructs from the RSC model, a protocol was established and targeted questions outlined...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819746/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-training-on-anxiety-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Brett R Gordon, Cillian P McDowell, Mark Lyons, Matthew P Herring
BACKGROUND: The salutary effects of resistance exercise training (RET) are well established, including increased strength and function; however, less is known regarding the effects of RET on mental health outcomes. Aerobic exercise has well-documented positive effects on anxiety, but a quantitative synthesis of RET effects on anxiety is needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the population effect size for resistance exercise training (RET) effects on anxiety and to determine whether variables of logical, theoretical, and/or prior empirical relation to anxiety moderate the overall effect...
August 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819497/-volvulus-of-the-small-intestine-caused-by-mesenteric-lipoma
#10
Papa Alassane Mbaye, Aime Lakh Faye, Aloise Sagna, Ndeye Aby Ndoye, Ndeye Fatou Seck, Oumar Ndour, Gabriel Ngom
We report the case of a 7-year old girl presenting with sub-occlusive syndrome associated with acute paroxysmal abdominal pain at the level of the upper abdomen, vomiting and no evacuation of faeces. Physical examination showed discomfort with palpation of the upper abdomen. Abdominal ultrasound showed poorly limited intraperitoneal tissue formation without vascular features on doppler, exercising a mass effect on the neighborhood structures; mesenteric vessels were in their normal position. This mass on CT scan scorresponded to a well limited lipomatous formation exercising a mass effect on the caecum associated with volvulus of the small intestine...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819350/understanding-sarcopenia-development-a-role-for-healthy-behaviors
#11
Justin P Hardee, James A Carson
For decades the biomedical community has documented the accelerated loss of muscle mass that occurs with advancing aging, termed sarcopenia. The timely review article ("Attenuation of Adverse Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle by Regular Exercise and Nutritional Support") by Arthur Leon presents our current state of knowledge on the biological processes responsible for age-induced loss of muscle mass and function. This loss of skeletal muscle has critical health implications as it can negatively affect morbidity and mortality...
January 2017: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818819/quantifying-human-movement-using-the-movn-smartphone-app-validation-and-field-study
#12
Ralph Maddison, Luke Gemming, Javier Monedero, Linda Bolger, Sarahjane Belton, Johann Issartel, Samantha Marsh, Artur Direito, Madeleine Solenhill, Jinfeng Zhao, Daniel John Exeter, Harshvardhan Vathsangam, Jonathan Charles Rawstorn
BACKGROUND: The use of embedded smartphone sensors offers opportunities to measure physical activity (PA) and human movement. Big data-which includes billions of digital traces-offers scientists a new lens to examine PA in fine-grained detail and allows us to track people's geocoded movement patterns to determine their interaction with the environment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the validity of the Movn smartphone app (Moving Analytics) for collecting PA and human movement data...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818635/linking-the-tao-biomathics-and-information-through-the-logic-of-energy
#13
REVIEW
Joseph E Brenner
The knowledge accumulated in West and East is incomplete in different ways. The mainstream Western approach has contributed the basis for modern science, but indications have appeared in the Western literature that something has been missing in it that Eastern thought could offer. This paper explores the similarities and differences between Eastern and Western approaches to knowledge and whether a trend exists toward their conjunction or convergence. I suggest that a process of conjunction of these different modes of exploration of what the concepts of 'Life and Mind' really entail, at the interface of philosophy and science, is taking place in the areas of information and biomathics...
August 14, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818533/the-association-between-bouted-and-non-bouted-physical-activity-on-retinopathy-prevalence
#14
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific differential association between non-bouted, lifestyle physical activities (vs. structured exercise; i.e., bouted physical activity) on retinopathy prevalence among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was used to identify 1501 adults, between 40 and 85years. Bouted and non-bouted physical activities were assessed using objective accelerometer monitoring...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818422/feasibility-and-effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-using-gerontechnology-in-assisted-living-communities-for-older-adults
#15
Martine Lauzé, Dominic D Martel, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults residing in assisted living communities is increasing. Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) on physical and cognitive capacities, and the opportunities for being active offered in these living environments, this population is highly sedentary and more at risk of physical decline. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, the acceptability, and the effects of PA intervention using gerontechnology in assisted living communities. METHODS: Forty-two older adults in 4 assisted living communities were recruited and randomly assigned to an exercise intervention group (EX) or a control group (CON) using a 2:1 ratio...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818417/referral-for-expert-physical-activity-counseling-a-pragmatic-rct
#16
Erica L James, Ben D Ewald, Natalie A Johnson, Fiona G Stacey, Wendy J Brown, Elizabeth G Holliday, Mark Jones, Fan Yang, Charlotte Hespe, Ronald C Plotnikoff
INTRODUCTION: Primary care physicians are well placed to offer physical activity counseling, but insufficient time is a barrier. Referral to an exercise specialist is an alternative. In Australia, exercise specialists are publicly funded to provide face-to-face counseling to patients who have an existing chronic illness. This trial aimed to (1) determine the efficacy of primary care physicians' referral of insufficiently active patients for counseling to increase physical activity, compared with usual care, and (2) compare the efficacy of face-to-face counseling with counseling predominantly via telephone...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818261/contemporary-medical-therapies-of-atherosclerotic-carotid-artery-disease
#17
Suk F Cheng, Martin M Brown
Contemporary medical therapy consists of identification and treatment of all patient-modifiable vascular risk factors. Specific atherosclerotic disease therapies are designed to reduce the risk of thrombosis, and the disease progression in order to reduce the risk of future cardiovascular events. Contemporary medical management emphasizes the need to support the patient in achieving lifestyle modifications and to adjust medication to achieve individualized target values for specific quantifiable risk factors...
March 2017: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817966/attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#18
Christine A Vaughan, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Tamara Dubowitz
Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) prevent and reduce chronic disease. Social cognitive theory delineates multiple attitudes and barriers that influence these behaviors. Understanding covariation in these attitudes and barriers is complex. We examined whether individuals could be grouped into a small number of categories that are easier to study. Interviews were conducted with 982 adults from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in the same city. Social cognitive constructs, including self-efficacy, social norms, and internal and external barriers to diet and exercise, and walking were self-reported...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817409/trest-as-a-new-diagnostic-variable-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-a-prospective-cohort-analysis-of-124-athletes
#19
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Eva Correa-Vazquez, Irene Gallardo-Calero, Sleiman Haddad, Andrea Sallent, Francisco Soldado, David Campillo-Recio, Xavier Mir-Bullo
OBJECTIVES: To measure the accuracy of currently used intracompartmental pressure (ICP) diagnostic variables for forearm chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) and a new ICP diagnostic variable, TRest, the recovery time between the maximum ICP and return to resting pressure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. Level evidence IV. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with suspected forearm CECS, 1990 to 2014...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816374/no-change-in-energy-efficiency-in-lactation-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Richard L Bender, Heather S Williams, Darna L Dufour
OBJECTIVES: Lactation is the most energy-demanding phase of reproduction for human females, but it is still unclear how women in different environments are able to meet this additional energy demand. Previous studies have investigated whether changes in metabolism could have an energy-sparing effect in lactation, with conflicting results. Here, we asked whether increased energy efficiency in physical activity serves as an energy-sparing mechanism in lactation. METHODS: We used a longitudinal design with a control group...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
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