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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228514/gait-speed-predicts-post-operative-medical-complications-in-elderly-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy
#1
Arvine Chandoo, Chu-Huai Chi, Weiping Ji, Yingpeng Huang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei-Teng Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: Gait speed is a clinical outcome that can measure the physical performance of elderly gastric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of gait speed in predicting post-operative morbidities in elderly patients undergoing curative gastrectomy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 357 elderly patients (≥65 years old) undergoing curative gastrectomy. Preoperative gait speed was measured in a 6-m well-lit and unobstructed hallway...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228409/short-term-effects-of-combined-high-intensity-strength-and-sprint-interval-training-on-anthropometric-characteristics-and-physical-performance-of-elite-team-handball-players
#2
Souhail Hermassi, Mohamed Souhail Chelly, Georg Fieseler, Thomas Bartels, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Roy J Shepard, René Schwesig
Muscular strength and speed are critical physical factors in determining the technical and tactical skills of elite team handball players. This study thus investigated the effect of high-intensity muscular strength and sprint interval training (SIT) on lower limb explosive performance and anthropometric characteristics in 22 male handball athletes aged 20.2 ± 0.1 years. A training group (TG, n = 12) and a control group (CG, n = 10) were followed over 8 weeks parallel to regular handball training...
December 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228289/clinical-practice-guideline-for-physical-therapy-assessment-and-treatment-in-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain
#3
Jasper D Bier, Wendy G M Scholten-Peeters, J Bart Staal, Jan Pool, Maurits W van Tulder, Emmylou Beekman, Jesper Knoop, Guus Meerhoff, Arianne P Verhagen
The Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (KNGF) issued a clinical practice guideline for physical therapists that addresses the assessment and treatment of patients with nonspecific neck pain, including cervical radiculopathy, in Dutch primary care. Recommendations were based on a review of published systematic reviews.During the intake, the patient is screened for serious pathologies and corresponding patterns. Patients with cervical radiculopathy can be included or excluded through corresponding signs and symptoms and possibly diagnostic tests (Spurling test, traction/distraction test, and Upper Limb Tension Test)...
December 4, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#4
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227300/exercise-testing-in-heart-failure-a-contemporary-discussion-in-an-era-of-novel-diagnostic-techniques-and-biomarkers
#5
Kegan J Moneghetti, Jeffrey W Christle, Jonathan Myers, Francois Haddad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent advances in the field of exercise testing for patients with heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: The importance of assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and exercise testing in heart failure is highlighted in the consensus recommendation of the American Heart Association. Contemporary studies have validated the independent and incremental strength of CRF metrics in patients with heart failure and coronary artery disease...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226867/an-objective-method-to-accurately-measure-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-older-adults-who-cannot-satisfy-widely-used-oxygen-consumption-criteria
#6
Ryan J Dougherty, Jacob B Lindheimer, Aaron J Stegner, Stephanie Van Riper, Ozioma C Okonkwo, Dane B Cook
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is routinely investigated in older adults; however, the most appropriate CRF measure to use for this population has received inadequate attention. This study aimed to 1) evaluate the reliability and validity of the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) as a sub-maximal measurement of CRF; 2) examine demographic, risk-factor, and exercise testing differences in older adults who satisfied standardized criteria for a peak oxygen consumption (V̇O2peak) test compared to those who did not; and 3) determine the difference between directly measured V̇O2peak values and OUES-predicted V̇O2peak values...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226798/long-term-effects-of-a-swedish-lifestyle-intervention-programme-on-lifestyle-habits-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-increased-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Matthias Lidin, Elin Ekblom-Bak, Monica Rydell Karlsson, Mai-Lis Hellénius
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a structured intervention programme on lifestyle habits and quality of life after six months and one year in participants with increased cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Participants aged ≥18 years with increased cardiovascular risk were referred from primary health care and hospitals. The programme was launched at an outpatient clinic in a department of cardiology at a university hospital. It consisted of individual visits to a nurse for a health check-up and lifestyle counselling at baseline, after six months and at one year...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226773/exercise-effects-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-metabolic-health-autistic-traits-and-quality-of-life
#8
Chrystiane V A Toscano, Humberto M Carvalho, José P Ferreira
This study examined the effects of a 48-week exercise-based intervention on the metabolic profile, autism traits, and perceived quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We randomly allocated 64 children with ASD (aged 6-12 years) to experimental ( n = 46) and control groups ( n = 18) and used multilevel regression modeling to examine responses to receiving or not receiving the intervention. The experimental group showed beneficial effects on metabolic indicators (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total cholesterol), autism traits, and parent-perceived quality of life...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226282/feasibility-of-conducting-a-6-month-long-home-based-exercise-program-with-protein-supplementation-in-elderly-community-dwelling-individuals-with-heart-failure
#9
Masil George, Gohar Azhar, Amanda Pangle, Eric Peeler, Amanda Dawson, Robert Coker, Kellie S Coleman, Amy Schrader, Jeanne Wei
Objective: Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased mortality. While the mechanism(s) involved in the progression of cardiac cachexia is incompletely established, certain factors appear to be contributory...
2017: Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225812/the-utility-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#10
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225811/regular-exercise-during-haemodialysis-promotes-an-anti-inflammatory-leucocyte-profile
#11
Maurice Dungey, Hannah M L Young, Darren R Churchward, James O Burton, Alice C Smith, Nicolette C Bishop
Background: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients and is highly predicted by markers of chronic inflammation. Regular exercise may have beneficial anti-inflammatory effects, but this is unclear in HD patients. This study assessed the effect of regular intradialytic exercise on soluble inflammatory factors and inflammatory leucocyte phenotypes. Methods: Twenty-two HD patients from a centre where intradialytic cycling was offered thrice weekly and 16 HD patients receiving usual care volunteered...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225572/adaptive-changes-in-the-sensitivity-of-the-dorsal-raphe-and-hypothalamic-paraventricular-nuclei-to-acute-exercise-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis-may-contribute-to-the-antidepressant-effect-of-regular-treadmill-running-in-rats
#12
Ayu Nishii, Seiichiro Amemiya, Natsuko Kubota, Takeshi Nishijima, Ichiro Kita
Increasing clinical evidence suggests that regular physical exercise can prevent or reduce the incidence of stress-related psychiatric disorders including depressive symptoms. Antidepressant effect of regular exercise may be implicated in monoaminergic transmission including serotonergic transmission, activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and hippocampal neurogenesis, but few general concepts regarding the optimal exercise regimen for stimulating neural mechanisms involved in antidepressant properties have been developed...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225481/perspectives-on-high-intensity-interval-exercise-for-health-promotion-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Bert Bond, Kathryn L Weston, Craig A Williams, Alan R Barker
Physical activity lowers future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few children and adolescents achieve the recommended minimum amount of daily activity. Accordingly, there is virtue in identifying the efficacy of small volumes of high-intensity exercise for health benefits in children and adolescents for the primary prevention of CVD risk. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a novel overview of the available literature concerning high-intensity interval-exercise (HIIE) interventions in children and adolescents...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225442/increasing-physical-activity-in-black-women-results-from-a-randomized-trial-conducted-in-faith-based-settings
#14
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Marie Sillice, Lyndsey Hornbuckle, Daniel P Heil
Objective: The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-integrated (FI) and a secular (SEC) intervention for increasing physical activity with a self-guided (SG) control group among African American women. Design/Setting/Participants: L.A.D.I.E.S. was a cluster randomized, controlled trial. Churches (n=31) were randomized and women within each church (n=12 - 15) received the same intervention. Interventions: FI and SEC participants received 24 group-based sessions, delivered over 10 months...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224700/preventing-weakness-and-stiffness-a-top-priority-for-health-and-social-care
#15
REVIEW
Muir Gray, Kenny Butler
With growing evidence that sarcopenia, disability and frailty can be prevented with physical activity, people living with pain, stiffness and weakness due to a musculoskeletal condition should be offered physical activity as a preventive strategy. By changing beliefs and attitudes towards ageing and raising the value and importance of physical activity, disability can be avoided or delayed and the costly burden of social care lessened. The effects of ageing and the effects of muscle strength loss are often confused...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224589/a-wake-up-call-for-physical-activity-promotion-in-australia-results-from-a-survey-of-australian-nursing-and-allied-health-professionals
#16
Nicole Freene, Sophie Cools, Danny Hills, Bernie Bissett, Kate Pumpa, Gabrielle Cooper
Objective Nursing and allied health professionals (AHPs) are in an ideal position to promote physical activity (PA) as part of their health care provision. The aim of this study was to investigate current promotion and knowledge of PA among people in these disciplines.Methods A cross-sectional online survey of practicing Australian physiotherapists, nurses, exercise physiologists, occupational therapists, dietitians and pharmacists was conducted in 2016.Results A total of 433 nurses and AHPs completed the survey...
December 11, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#17
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223719/physical-activity-and-weight-loss-reduce-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-139-prospective-and-retrospective-studies
#18
Prue J Hardefeldt, Ross Penninkilampi, Senarath Edirimanne, Guy D Eslick
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and weight loss have been shown to reduce breast cancer incidence in numerous observational studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of both physical activity and weight loss on breast cancer incidence. Specifically, we aimed to complete subgroup analyses by the intensity of physical activity and menopausal status at breast cancer diagnosis to further elucidate the relationship between physical activity, weight loss, and breast cancer incidence...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223653/effects-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-heart-rate-recovery-of-patients-undergoing-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Tiffany Astolfi, Fabio Borrani, Milos Savcic, Vincent Gremeaux, Grégoire P Millet
BACKGROUND: An efficient cardiac rehabilitation programme (CRP) can improve the functional ability of patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a CRP on parasympathetic reactivation and heart rate recovery (HRR) measured after a 6-min walk test (6MWT), and correlation with 6MWT distance and well-being after ACS. METHODS: Eleven normoweight patients after ACS (BMI < 25kg/m2; 10 males; mean [SD] age 61 [9] years) underwent an 8-week CRP...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222606/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-functioning-in-overtraining-syndrome-findings-from-endocrine-and-metabolic-responses-on-overtraining-syndrome-eros-eros-hpa-axis
#20
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
BACKGROUND: Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which makes accurate diagnosis difficult. Previous studies indicate that alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis may be responsible for OTS; however, the data is not conclusive. This study aimed to compare, through gold standard and exercise-independent tests, the response of the HPA axis in OTS-affected athletes (OTS group) to healthy physically active subjects (ATL group) and healthy non-active subjects (NCS group)...
December 8, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
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