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Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Sabri Cavkaytar, Demet Kokanalı, Orhan Aksakal, Melike Doganay
There is little data comparing the surgical outcomes of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator tape (TOT) procedures in obese women. Therefore, we aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of TOT and TVT procedures among obese women with a diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). One hundred and eighty-nine women who underwent TVT or TOT procedures due to pure SUI were included. Women in whom the body mass index (BMI) was ≥30 kg/m(2) were considered as obese, while <30 kg/m(2) were non-obese...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Allen Gabriel, G Patrick Maxwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Dorothy Kammerer-Doak, Kamil Svabik, Tony Bazi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Members of the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) come from different geographic locations and practice settings. A member survey regarding practice patterns provides valuable information for practitioners and researchers alike, and allows the IUGA to discover areas to focus on education and information dissemination. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed by the IUGA Research and Development committee and distributed electronically to IUGA surgeons...
October 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Jonathan Shaw, Kyle Wohlrab, Charles Rardin
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine the relative risk (RR) of reoperation for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) recurrence after midurethral sling (MUS) division or excision. Our secondary objective is to determine the RR of SUI symptom recurrence according to differing techniques of revision. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all women who underwent surgical revision of an MUS by the Division of Urogynecology at the Women & Infants' Hospital during a 10-year period between October 1, 2004, and October 1, 2014...
September 29, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Paola Serio, Raffaella Nenna, Valentina Fainardi, Laura Grisotto, Annibale Biggeri, Roberto Leone, Luigi Arcieri, Marco Di Maurizio, Denise Colosimo, Roberto Baggi, Bruno Murzi, Lorenzo Mirabile, Fabio Midulla
OBJECTIVES: Surgery for vascular anomalies can occasionally fail to relieve symptoms, especially when severe tracheobronchial malacia persists. We studied outcomes in children who underwent airway stenting for severe post-surgical airway malacia and tested known clinical and surgical prognostic factors. METHODS: Among 257 children evaluated for tracheobronchial vascular compression, we reviewed the clinical charts for the 59 patients (23%) who underwent surgery...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Yuko M Komesu, Holly E Richter, Darrell L Dinwiddie, Nazema Y Siddiqui, Vivian W Sung, Emily S Lukacz, Beri Ridgeway, Lily A Arya, Halina M Zyczynski, Rebecca G Rogers, Marie Gantz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We describe the rationale and methods of a study designed to compare vaginal and urinary microbiomes in women with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) and similarly aged, asymptomatic controls. METHODS: This paper delineates the methodology of a supplementary microbiome study nested in an ongoing randomized controlled trial comparing a standardized perioperative behavioral/pelvic floor exercise intervention plus midurethral sling versus midurethral sling alone for MUI...
October 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Eugene Adel, Robert Shapiro, Stanley Zaslau
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Polypropylene (PP) mesh has come under increased scrutiny owing to previous FDA safety communications regarding the risks of mesh in trans-vaginal surgery and ensuing class action litigation for post-operative complications. Additional concerns have been raised regarding a possible link between implanted PP mesh and the long-term development of malignancy. Until recently, no research was specifically committed to the exploration of such a link. Our objective was to provide an overview of the recent literature focusing on any association between the use of PP mesh for midurethral sling procedures and the development of malignancy...
October 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Nello Martiniello, Martina Stefanini, Giovanni Zucchelli
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice it is common to observe adjacent multiple gingival recessions (MGRs) associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). The aim of this 2-year case report was to describe the full-mouth treatment of a patient affected by MGRs and NCCLs, with a combined restorative-surgical approach using a coronally advanced flap (CAF) and a xenogeneic collagen matrix (CM). METHOD: Before surgery, a composite restoration filled the deepest portion of the NCCL defects and was finished at the level of the maximum root coverage (MRC)...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Chailee F Moss, Lynn A Damitz, Richard H Gracely, Alice C Mintz, Denniz A Zolnoun, A Lee Dellon
INTRODUCTION: Transobturator slings can be successfully used to treat stress urinary incontinence and improve quality of life through a minimally invasive vaginal approach. Persistent postoperative pain can occur and pose diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. Following a sling procedure, a patient complained of pinching clitoral and perineal pain. Her symptoms of localized clitoral pinching and pain became generalized over the ensuing years, eventually encompassing the entire left vulvovaginal region...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Lianghua Chen, Junqi Chen, Qiyuan Peng, Jingjie Chen, Yucong Zou, Gang Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of sling exercise training (SET) on balance in patients with stroke. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Ovid LWW, CBM, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP databases were searched for randomized controlled trials of the effect of SET on balance in patients with stroke. The study design and participants were subjected to metrological analysis. Berg balance Scale (BBS), Barthel index score (BI), and Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) were used as independent parameters for evaluating balance function, activities of daily living(ADL) and motor function after stroke respectively, and were subjected to meta-analysis by RevMan5...
2016: PloS One
Gabriel S Esterhuizen, Ihsan B Tulu
Cable bolts are sometimes used in low-seam coal mines to provide support in difficult ground conditions. This paper describes cable bolting solutions at two low-seam coal mines in similar ground conditions. Both mines used support systems incorporating cable bolts as part of the primary support system. Two original cable bolt based support systems as well as two modified systems are evaluated to estimate their ability to prevent large roof falls. One of the support systems incorporated passive cable bolts, while the other used pre-tensioned cable bolts...
January 2016: International Journal of Mining Science and Technology
Mohamed E Gaber, Tamer Borg, Hazem Samour, Mai Nawara, Ahmed Reda
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of two single-incision mini-slings (the Contasure-Needleless [C-NDL] and the endopelvic free anchorage) with the standard midurethral transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) procedure. METHODS: A double blind randomized controlled study was conducted at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital from August 2014 until July 2015. A total of 209 patients were randomized into three groups. The first group underwent the TVT-O procedure, the second group underwent the endopelvic free anchorage procedure and the third group underwent the C-NDL procedure...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Aimee L Tieu, Aparna Hegde, Peter A Castillo, G Willy Davila, Vivian C Aguilar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To compare 1-year surgical outcomes following transobturator (TO) sling placement and single incision (SI) sling placement for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We performed a randomized trial at a single institution. Patients with urodynamically proven SUI were offered participation and randomized to placement of a TO sling (Monarc™) or a SI sling (MiniArc™) between 2008 and 2011. The primary outcome measure was urinary leakage during standardized cough stress test (CST)...
October 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Blayne Welk, Jennifer Winick-Ng, Andrew McClure, Chris Vinden, Sumit Dave, Stephen Pautler
INTRODUCTION: The ability of academic (teaching) hospitals to offer the same level of efficiency as non-teaching hospitals in a publicly funded healthcare system is unknown. Our objective was to compare the operative duration of general urology procedures between teaching and non-teaching hospitals. METHODS: We used administrative data from the province of Ontario to conduct a retrospective cohort study of all adults who underwent a specified elective urology procedure (2002-2013)...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Pamela A Rudnicki, Christopher Tsang, Mark A Vecchiotti, Andrew R Scott
Importance: Indications for Furlow palatoplasty include primary repair of cleft palate as well as secondary repair, or secondary palatoplasty for treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency. Speculation exists surrounding the benefit of secondary Furlow palatoplasty in cases of a previously well-reconstructed palate or a short but otherwise anatomically normal soft palate because it has been theorized that reorientation of a previously reconstructed or normal muscular levator sling should in fact worsen palatal motion...
October 6, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Michael E Steinhaus, David M Dare, Lawrence V Gulotta
The treatment of displaced proximal humerus fractures is challenging and complex, as its success is predicated on multiple factors. While it is clear that a majority of proximal humerus fractures may be treated nonoperatively, it is less clear which patients benefit from surgical management. The PROFHER trial, a randomized controlled study, used patient-reported outcomes to compare surgical to nonsurgical management of displaced proximal humerus fractures. The purpose of this review is to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the PROFHER trial and to assess the validity of its conclusion in the context of existing literature...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Tiago Antunes-Lopes, Ana Coelho, Rui Pinto, Sérgio C Barros, Célia D Cruz, Francisco Cruz, Carlos M Silva
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between urinary neurotrophin levels, maximum flow rate (Qmax) variation and the appearance of urgency in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after a midurethral sling (MUS) procedure. METHODS: Thirty-one women with SUI were treated with a MUS. One year later, the outcome of surgery and the onset of urgency were assessed. At baseline and 1-year follow-up, urine was collected to measure nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentration, and Qmax variation was calculated...
September 30, 2016: Urology
Matteo Ferro, Danilo Bottero, Carolina D'Elia, Deliu Victor Matei, Antonio Cioffi, Gabriele Cozzi, Alessandro Serino, Giovanni Cordima, Roberto Bianchi, Piero Giacomo Incarbone, Antonio Brescia, Gennaro Musi, Ferdinando Fusco, Serena Detti, Vincenzo Mirone, Ottavio de Cobelli
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Virtue Male sling in a cohort of patients affected by post prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: All consecutive patients treated with Virtue(®) male sling at our Institution in year 2012 were included in our prospective, non randomized study. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after surgery with 24-hour pad weight test, ICI-Q short form questionnaire, Urinary Symptom Profile questionnaire, bladder diary, uroflowmetry and Patient Global Impression of Improvement and Patient Global Impression of Severity Questionnaire...
October 3, 2016: BJU International
Hao G Nguyen, Sanoj Punnen, Janet E Cowan, Michael Leapman, Clint Cary, Christopher Welty, Vivian Weinberg, Matthew R Cooperberg, Maxwell V Meng, Kirsten L Greene, Maurice Garcia, Peter R Carroll
PURPOSE: We evaluated whether placement of a retropubic urethral sling fashioned from autologous vas deferens during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) improved recovery of continence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a phase-2, single-blinded trial, age-stratified patients were randomized to undergo RARP by multiple surgeons with or without sling placement. Outcomes were complete continence (0 urinary pads of any type) and near continence (0, occasional or 1 pad per day) at 6 months, assessed with Fisher's exact test and logistic regression...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Urology
Brian Horsak, Marion Kiener, Andreas Pötzelsberger, Tarique Siragy
OBJECTIVES: Push-up plus variations are commonly prescribed to clients during shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to compare electromyographic (EMG) activities of the serratus anterior (SA), upper (UT), and lower trapezius (LT) during a knee push-up plus and knee-plus exercise performed on various surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subjects Repeated-Measure Design. PARTICIPANTS: 19 healthy, young female participants performed both exercises on a stable and unstable surface and during sling-suspension...
August 5, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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