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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937148/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-ophthalmology-services-what-matters-most-to-young-people-with-visual-impairment
#1
A O Robertson, V Tadić, J S Rahi
PurposeTo identify the views and experiences and thus the transition-related needs of young people with visual impairment (VI), so as to inform future practice and policies.Patients and methodsQualitative study of 17 young people aged 16-19 years (ie the conventional transition age threshold) with VI (best-corrected acuity logMAR worse than 0.48) and without additional impairments, drawn from a sampling frame of paediatric ophthalmology patients attending Great Ormond Street Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK)...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936572/spa-therapy-balneotherapy-relieves-mental-stress-sleep-disorder-and-general-health-problems-in-sub-healthy-people
#2
Bei Yang, Qi-Zhong Qin, Ling-Li Han, Jing Lin, Yu Chen
To investigate the relieving effects of hot spring balneotherapy on mental stress, sleep disorder, general health problems, and women's health problems in sub-healthy people, we recruited 500 volunteers in sub-health in Chongqing, and 362 volunteers completed the project, including 223 in the intervention group and 139 in the control group. The intervention group underwent hot spring balneotherapy for 5 months, while the control group did not. The two groups took questionnaire investigation (general data, mental stress, emotional status, sleep quality, general health problems, as well as some women's health problems) and physical examination (height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood sugar) 5 months before and after the intervention, respectively...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936380/knowledge-and-attitude-of-teenagers-towards-electronic-cigarettes-in-karachi-pakistan
#3
Asim Shaikh, Hamza T Ansari, Zeerak Ahmad, Mahnoor Y Shaikh, Ilma Khalid, Maha Jahangir, Amna Majeed, Nimra Shakeel, Arsalan Ahmed, Roha Saeed Memon, Eleze Tariq, Rafia Irfan, Dania Madni
Introduction Studies have shown that electronic cigarettes have gained immense popularity and their use has increased dramatically all over the world. However, little is known about the knowledge and attitudes towards e-cigarettes in third world countries such as Pakistan. The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of teenagers in Karachi regarding e-cigarettes and whether the differences in said perceptions were affected by gender and level of education. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in January 2017 using convenience sampling and interviewed 441 young individuals, aged 13 to 19 years, to determine their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding e-cigarettes...
July 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935430/-health-care-needs-and-barriers-in-seeking-medical-care-for-global-health-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-students-from-f%C3%A3-lix-houphou%C3%A3-t-boigny-university-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#4
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 18, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935341/conduct-problems-in-youth-and-the-rdoc-approach-a-developmental-evolutionary-based-view
#5
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten
Problems related to aggression in young people are traditionally subsumed under the header of conduct problems, which include conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder. Such problems in children and adolescents are an important societal and mental health problem. In this paper we present an evolutionarily informed developmental psychopathology view of conduct problems inspired by the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative. We assume that while there are many pathways to conduct problems, chronic or temporary impairments in the domain of social cognition or mentalizing are a common denominator...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934916/life-skills-as-a-behaviour-change-strategy-in-the-prevention-of-hiv-and-aids-perceptions-of-students-in-an-open-and-distance-learning-institution
#6
B J Mohapi, E M Pitsoane
The prevention of HIV and AIDS, especially amongst young people, is very important, as they are the future leaders. South Africa carries a high burden of the HIV and AIDS disease, and efforts at the prevention of the disease need to be intensified. University students are also at risk, and prevention efforts need to be intensified to ensure that students graduate and enter the world of work to become productive citizens. Failure to pay attention to preventative behaviour amongst university students may have negative socio-economic consequences for the country...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934898/rethinking-hiv-prevention-for-school-going-young-people-based-on-current-behaviour-patterns
#7
Maretha Visser
The aim of the research was to gain increased knowledge regarding the sexual risk behaviour of school-going young people in South Africa after two decades of HIV-education in schools, to contribute to the development of improved HIV prevention strategies. In collaboration with the Department of Education, a sample of 5305 learners (between 10 and 18 years in Grades 5-12) from high-risk communities were identified. They completed a survey that assessed self-reported sexual risk behaviour and variables that potentially underlie sexual risk, such as attitudes towards preventive behaviour, perceived social norms and self-efficacy (based on the theory of planned behaviour [TPB]) and social factors like caregiver relationships and gender norms (based on the social ecological theory)...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934554/improvements-in-clinical-practice-for-fertility-preservation-among-young-cancer-patients-results-from-bundled-interventions
#8
Natalie K Bradford, Roderick Walker, Roslyn Henney, Po Inglis, Raymond J Chan
AIMS: The consequences of cancer and treatment on fertility can be a continuing source of distress for adolescents and young adults. The study aims were to assess the effects of bundled interventions on clinical practice concerning fertility in young people aged 14-25 years with cancer. METHODS: Bundled interventions, including development of quality indicators, resources, and targeted education, were introduced during 2015 across five cancer centers. Data before interventions (2012-2014) were compared with data prospectively collected during 2015-2016...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934143/involuntary-smoking-in-adolescents-their-awareness-of-its-harmfulness-and-attitudes-towards-smoking-in-the-presence-of-non-smokers
#9
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polanska, Piotr Wojtysiak, Franciszek Szatko
The aim of the study was to examine involuntary smoking among young people, their awareness of its harmfulness and the factors associated with attitudes towards smoking in the presence of non-smokers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 3552 students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in central Poland. Almost 40% of the participants were exposed to involuntary smoking at home and 60% outside of home on a daily or almost daily basis. More than 80% of the students felt that smoking should be banned around children at home, 59% thought it should be banned in vehicles, and 41% in the presence of non-smokers...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934094/estimated-changes-in-life-expectancy-and-adult-mortality-resulting-from-declining-pm2-5-exposures-in-the-contiguous-united-states-1980-2010
#10
Neal Fann, Sun-Young Kim, Casey Olives, Lianne Sheppard
BACKGROUND: PM2.5 precursor emissions have declined over the course of several decades, following the implementation of local, state, and federal air quality policies. Estimating the corresponding change in population exposure and PM2.5-attributable risk of death prior to the year 2000 is made difficult by the lack of PM2.5 monitoring data. OBJECTIVES: We used a new technique to estimate historical PM2.5 concentrations, and estimated the effects of changes in PM2...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932747/the-risk-factors-of-high-blood-pressure-among-young-adults-in-the-tujia-nationality-settlement-of-china
#11
Xiaoli Liu, Zheng Xiang, Xiangrong Shi, Hannah Schenck, Xinfeng Yi, Rong Ni, Chaoneng Liu
Demographics questionnaires, and fitness tests were utilized to identify the risk factors of hypertension among younger adults in the years 2005, 2010, and 2014 in China's southwest province of Hubei. The results demonstrated that the prevalence of hypertension was higher between 2011 and 2014 among the young people in this area. The main risk factors of developing hypertension were found to be sex (as man), individuals over 40 years old, blue collar employees who worked in rural areas, overweight/obesity, and those with the low CRF...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932015/effectiveness-of-resistance-exercise-using-elastic-bands-on-flexibility-and-balance-among-the-elderly-people-living-in-the-community-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Young Ran Yeun
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of resistance exercise using elastic bands on flexibility and balance among the elderly people living in the community. [Subjects and Methods] Database search was conducted by using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, RISS, NDSL, NANET, DBpia, and KoreaMed. The meta-analysis, which was based on 19 studies, covered a total of 649 participants and used either the fixed effects or random effects model. [Results] The effect size estimates showed that resistance exercise using elastic bands have significantly increased the functional reach test score (Standard Mean Difference: 1...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931390/who-s-holding-the-baby-a-prospective-diary-study-of-the-contact-patterns-of-mothers-with-an-infant
#13
Patricia Therese Campbell, Jodie McVernon, Niraj Shrestha, Paula M Nathan, Nicholas Geard
BACKGROUND: Models of infectious disease are increasingly utilising empirical contact data to quantify the number of potentially infectious contacts between age groups. While a growing body of data is being collected on contact patterns across many populations, less attention has been paid to the social contacts of young infants. We collected information on the social contacts of primary carers of young infants and investigated their potential for use as a proxy for contacts made by their infant...
September 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#14
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#15
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930055/the-continuing-presence-of-tobacco-and-alcohol-products-in-media-that-target-young-people-a-commentary-on-russell-et-al-2017
#16
Karine Gallopel-Morvan, Crawford Moodie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929931/changes-over-time-in-the-risk-of-hospitalization-for-physical-diseases-among-homeless-men-and-women-in-stockholm-a-comparison-of-two-cohorts
#17
Ulla Beijer, Daniel Bruce, Bo Burström
AIMS: To follow-up hospitalization for physical diseases among homeless men and women compared with a control group from the general population. The study also investigated the changes in the difference between the homeless men and women and the general population over time by comparing two cohorts of homeless people (2000-2002 and 1996). METHODS: A total of 3887 people (24% women) who were homeless during the period 2000-2002 were compared with 11,661 people from the general population with respect to hospitalization for physical diseases and injuries (2000-2010)...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929566/protracted-dendritic-growth-in-the-typically-developing-human-amygdala-and-increased-spine-density-in-young-asd-brains
#18
R K Weir, M D Bauman, B Jacobs, C M Schumann
The amygdala is a medial temporal lobe structure implicated in social and emotional regulation. In typical development (TD), the amygdala continues to increase volumetrically throughout childhood and into adulthood, while other brain structures are stable or decreasing in volume. In autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the amygdala undergoes rapid early growth, making it volumetrically larger in children with ASD compared to TD children. Here we explore: 1) if dendritic arborization in the amygdala follows the pattern of protracted growth in TD and early overgrowth in ASD and 2), if spine density in the amygdala in ASD cases differs from TD from youth to adulthood...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929487/school-connectedness-and-the-primary-to-secondary-school-transition-for-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#19
Judith S Hebron
BACKGROUND: Young people with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) face many educational challenges, particularly in terms of academic achievement, social inclusion, and mental health. School connectedness is linked to many positive outcomes and may be of particular salience at the primary-secondary school transition, when young people with ASC are expected to cope in new and unfamiliar settings. AIMS: This study explores for the first time school connectedness across the primary to secondary school transition for young people with ASC...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929444/neurophysiological-approach-to-examining-knowledge-belief-in-the-prayer-of-an-untrained-person-a-case-study
#20
Mirjana Sovilj, Zoran Radičević, Ljiljana Jeličić, Miodrag Stokić, Vanja Nenadović, Miško Subotić
An adult female (22 years) of Christian orthodox religion was examined during the silent Lord's prayer, the most common, short prayer, with the aim of possible differentiation between belief and knowledge in her experience, analyzing the behavior of subgroups of theta and beta cerebral EEG rhythms, which occur through constant and occasional activation of cerebral regions. The participant was not trained in reading the prayer to herself or other people. EEG examination was performed by Nihon Kohden Corporation, EEG-1200-K Neurofax apparatus, in the monopolar longitudinal montage in the system of 10/20 electrodes aimed at determining the peak frequency value of each exploratory site...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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