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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433462/-health-and-access-to-health-care-of-18-25%C3%A2-years-old-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-attending-the-french-missions-locales
#1
S Robert, S Lesieur, J Chastang, V Kergoat, J Dutertre, P Chauvin
BACKGROUND: In France, "missions locales" are public assistance units for young people aged 16-25 years not in employment, education or training (NEET). The health status of the more than 1.5 million young adults attending these units annually is unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the health status and health care use of this population in comparison with the general population of the same age. METHODS: The Presaje survey was conducted in 2011 on a randomized sample of 1453 young adults aged 18-25 years who attended five "missions locales" in mainland France...
April 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432211/recruiting-and-retaining-youth-and-young-adults-challenges-and-opportunities-in-survey-research-for-tobacco-control
#2
Jennifer Cantrell, Elizabeth C Hair, Alexandria Smith, Morgane Bennett, Jessica Miller Rath, Randall K Thomas, Mansour Fahimi, J Michael Dennis, Donna Vallone
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation studies of population-based tobacco control interventions often rely on large-scale survey data from numerous respondents across many geographic areas to provide evidence of their effectiveness. Significant challenges for survey research have emerged with the evolving communications landscape, particularly for surveying hard-to-reach populations such as youth and young adults. This study combines the comprehensive coverage of an address-based sampling (ABS) frame with the timeliness of online data collection to develop a nationally representative longitudinal cohort of young people aged 15-21...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431747/effects-of-vibration-training-in-reducing-risk-of-slip-related-falls-among-young-adults-with-obesity
#3
Feng Yang, Jose Munoz, Long-Zhu Han, Fei Yang
This study examined the effects of controlled whole-body vibration training on reducing risk of slip-related falls in people with obesity. Twenty-three young adults with obesity were randomly assigned into either the vibration or placebo group. The vibration and placebo groups respectively received 6-week vibration and placebo training on a side-alternating vibration platform. Before and after the training, the isometric knee extensors strength capacity was measured for the two groups. Both groups were also exposed to a standardized slip induced by a treadmill during gait prior to and following the training...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430377/exploring-why-young-people-with-type%C3%A2-1-diabetes-decline-structured-education-with-a-view-to-overcoming-barriers
#4
V E Coates, G Horigan, M Davies, M T Davies
AIMS: To identify factors that influence lack of engagement of young adults with Type 1 diabetes (aged 13-21 years) with structured diabetes education (SDE) to inform and broaden the reach of future SDE. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey was undertaken of 227 young people with Type 1 diabetes drawn from 11 health trusts across Northern Ireland and England, deemed to be representative of the wider population. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire exploring non-attendance, along with the Diabetes Care Profile, the Diabetes Empowerment Scale (Short Form), the Diabetes Knowledge Test and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire...
April 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429902/validity-and-practicability-of-smartphone-based-photographic-food-records-for-estimating-energy-and-nutrient-intake
#5
Kaimeng Kong, Lulu Zhang, Lisu Huang, Yexuan Tao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Image-assisted dietary assessment methods are frequently used to record individual eating habits. This study tested the validity of a smartphone-based photographic food recording approach by comparing the results obtained with those of a weighed food record. We also assessed the practicality of the method by using it to measure the energy and nutrient intake of college students. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The experiment was implemented in two phases, each lasting 2 weeks...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429562/predictors-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-chinese-people-with-major-neurocognitive-disorders-and-their-caregivers-the-roles-of-self-esteem-and-caregiver-s-burden
#6
Daniel Kim-Wan Young, Petrus Yat-Nam Ng, Timothy Kwok
AIM: The present research study aimed to identify and compare the clinical and non-clinical factors that predict the self-reported and proxy-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people with major neurocognitive disorder (PwND) who are living at home in a Chinese society. METHODS: A total of 57 Chinese PwND-family caregiver dyads that were using the services of local senior centers were recruited through a cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling...
April 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428736/simple-sugar-supplementation-abrogates-exercise-induced-increase-in-hepcidin-in-young-men
#7
Maja Tomczyk, Jakub Kortas, Damian Flis, Wojciech Skrobot, Rafal Camilleri, Jedrzej Antosiewicz
BACKGROUND: At present many young people experience too much body iron accumulation. The reason of this phenomenon is not clear. There is accumulating evidences that not proper diet and lack of exercise could be a main contributing factors. This investigation assessed the effects of a diet rich in simple sugars (glucose or fructose) on exercise-induced hepcidin which is hormone regulating iron metabolism. METHODS: A group of physically active young men completed an incremental exercise test before and after a 3-day diet supplemented with fructose (4 g/kg BM) or glucose (4 g/kg BM)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428010/a-strategy-of-faster-movements-used-by-elderly-humans-to-lift-objects-of-increasing-weight-in-ecological-context
#8
Thomas Hoellinger, Joseph McIntyre, Lena Jami, Sylvain Hanneton, Guy Cheron, Agnes Roby-Brami
It is not known whether, during the course of ageing, changes occur in the motor strategies used by the CNS for lifting objects of different weights. Here, we analysed the kinematics of object-lifting in two different healthy groups (young and elderly people) plus one well known deafferented patient (GL). The task was to reach and lift onto a shelf an opaque cylindrical object with changing weight. The movements of the hand and object were recorded with electromagnetic sensors. In an ecological context (i.e...
April 17, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427059/the-burden-of-diabetes-emerging-data
#9
Paola Maffi, Antonio Secchi
In recent times, the global prevalence of diabetes has increased substantially, reaching 8.3% in 2014, which corresponds to 387 million patients. Studies in Europe and USA have shown increased incidence of type 1 Diabetes (T1D) over time at a rate of 3-5% per year. Another most worrying feature of the rapid increase of diabetes is the emergence of type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in children, adolescents, and young adults. The well-known behavioral risks factors and epigenetic mechanisms recently observed require an integrated approach to prevent T2D...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426438/perceptions-and-attitudes-of-romanian-people-toward-autopsy-procedures-according-to-the-level-of-knowledge
#10
Daniela Marinescu, Gellért Attila Gyurka, Roxana Miclăuş, Codruţa Nemet, Liliana Rogozea
In the last decade, Romanian hospitals have been facing a decline in autopsy rates. This has had a negative impact on medical education and the training of young doctors. Quite a number of caregivers strongly oppose the carrying out of autopsies on their deceased loved ones who have died in hospital. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate how autopsies are perceived by an average person and whether improved knowledge about autopsies would help reduce people's reluctance toward them. The study involved 216 willing participants who had either never had a loved one die in hospital or had never had the power to make a decision about their dead loved ones' body...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426393/a-systematic-literature-review-of-experiences-of-professional-care-and-support-among-people-who-self-harm
#11
Britt-Marie Lindgren, Carl Göran Svedin, Sophie Werkö
Background Self-harm is an increasing phenomenon among young people, with potentially fatal outcomes. Patient's perceptions of treatment and support are poorly documented. Aim The aim was to synthesise the experiences of those who self-harm, with special reference to professional care and support by family, friends and the school system. Method A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Results Following retrieval of 1,623 abstracts, 14 studies were included in the final analysis, 11 of which are reported here...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426317/trends-in-fighting-and-violence-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2002-2014
#12
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Erik J Nelson, Michael G Vaughn, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, David Córdova
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in and correlates of fighting and violence among youths from the 3 largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States. METHODS: We derived race/ethnicity-specific prevalence estimates for fighting, group fighting, and attacks with intent to harm from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a population-based study of youths aged 12 to 17 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of youth fighting and violence decreased significantly in all racial/ethnic groups over the study period (2002-2014), dropping from a high of 33...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426253/using-computerized-mental-health-programs-in-alternative-education-understanding-the-requirements-of-students-and-staff
#13
Tuuli Kuosmanen, Theresa M Fleming, Margaret M Barry
Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) programs have been shown to be both acceptable and effective with youth. However, their use with more vulnerable youth, such as early school leavers, remains relatively unstudied. This study explored student and staff attitudes toward the use of cCBT in an alternative education setting. METHODS: Student and staff needs were assessed using the Requirements development approach (Van Velsen, Wentzel, & Van Gemert-Pijnen, 2013). An online staff survey (n = 16) was conducted to provide information on the context of delivery, and stakeholder requirements were further explored in four student workshops (n = 32) and staff group discussions (n = 12)...
April 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425904/-testing-is-healthy-timeplay-campaign-evaluation-of-sexual-health-promotion-gamification-intervention-targeting-young-adults
#14
Qinya Zhang, Kim J Huhn, Andy Tan, Rachel E Douglas, Helen Guiyun Li, Michelle Murti, Victoria Lee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC. SETTINGS: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425894/trends-in-smoking-initiation-in-canada-does-non-inclusion-of-young-adults-in-tobacco-control-strategies-represent-a-missed-opportunity
#15
Thierry Gagné, Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: Young adults face high prevalence rates for smoking. Recent evidence suggests that many people initiate smoking during young adulthood, but little is currently known about trends in initiation rates for this age group. METHODS: We examined rates of initiation to first cigarette (FC) and daily smoking (DS) during youth (5-17 years) and young adulthood (18-25 years) using nationally representative data from the 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425373/calm-child-programme
#16
Ereny Gobrial, Raghu Raghavan
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more vulnerable to experiencing anxiety disorders. Parental involvement in intervention is crucial for successful management of the interventions in the population of people with ASDs. This article describes the design and evaluation of parenting programme for anxiety disorders in children and young people with ASD and ID. In phase 1 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore management strategies for anxiety at home and in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425117/dream-homes-and-dead-ends-in-the-city-a-photo-essay-experiment
#17
Danya Fast
Research focused on the relationship between place and health demonstrates that it is complex and shifting, as overlapping social, historical, institutional and political and economic processes continually transform the landscapes in which lived experiences are embedded. Understanding this relationship requires knowledge of the situated meanings and local worlds that ethnographic methods are well suited to investigate. However, even conventional ethnographic methods can be inadequate to capture the embodied, lived experience of place - experiences in which the sensory and inner processes of memory and imagination are often privileged...
April 20, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424743/towards-bi-inclusive-policies-suggestions-based-on-research-on-dutch-same-sex-attracted-young-people
#18
Jantine van Lisdonk, Saskia Keuzenkamp
Dutch national LGBT policies are not bi-inclusive and this study provides suggestions for improvement, based on empirical research. Attention for bisexuality in policy appears simply to pay lip service and to endorse the construction of sexual orientation as a hetero/homo binary. The outcomes of our survey (n = 1449) and in-depth interviews (n = 38) of Dutch same-sex attracted young people suggest that special attention for bisexual people is warranted. Compared to exclusively same-sex attracted participants, the equally both-sex attracted participants scored worse on openness about their sexual attraction, visibility discomfort, perceived acceptance, and suicide attempts...
2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424198/pneumococcal-capsular-polysaccharide-immunity-in-the-elderly
#19
Hugh Adler, Daniela M Ferreira, Stephen B Gordon, Jamie Rylance
Immunity against pneumococcal infections is impaired in older people, and current vaccines are poorly protective against pneumococcal disease in this population. Naturally-acquired immunity against pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides develops during childhood and is robust in young adults, but deteriorates with advanced age. In particular, antibody levels and function are reduced in older people. Pneumococcal vaccines are recommended for people over 65 years of age. However, the benefits of polysaccharide and protein-conjugated vaccines in this population are small, due to both serotype replacement and incomplete protection against vaccine-serotype pneumococcal disease...
April 19, 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424143/correlates-of-sexually-transmissible-infection-testing-among-a-sample-of-at-risk-young-australians
#20
Caitlin H Douglass, Alyce M Vella, Margaret E Hellard, Megan S C Lim
Annual chlamydia testing is recommended for all sexually active Australians aged 15-29 years; however, the testing rate is below recommended levels. Three surveys at a Melbourne music festival were conducted over 2012-14 to identify correlates of sexually transmissible infection (STI) testing among young people at risk of STIs. In total, 3588 participants were recruited; 72% reported having sex in the past year. Based on sexual behaviours, 38% of sexually active participants were classified as at risk of contracting STIs...
April 20, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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