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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340148/characteristics-of-hookah-tobacco-smoking-sessions-and-correlates-of-use-frequency-among-us-adults-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#1
Joelle Robinson, Baoguang Wang, Kia Jackson, Elisabeth Donaldson, Chase Ryant
Introduction: Hookah tobacco smoking has increased in the US. However, information on hookah use frequency and other characteristics of hookah use is limited. Methods: Investigators analyzed data from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of US youth and adults. Our analysis draws on baseline data from adult (ages ≥18 years) ever (N=10,624) and past year (n=3,947) hookah users...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340132/the-impact-of-weight-and-weight-related-perceptions-on-smoking-status-among-young-adults-in-a-text-messaging-cessation-program
#2
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman
Introduction: Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker's ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. Methods: The sample consisted of 4,027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute's SmokefreeTXT program...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#3
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339782/the-adolescent-hiv-disclosure-cognition-and-affect-scale-preliminary-reliability-and-validity
#4
Michael Evangeli
Globally, there are 2 million HIV-positive 10-19-year-olds. One challenge for this population is sharing their HIV status with others (onward HIV disclosure). There are no multi-item, multidimensional scales of HIV disclosure cognitions and affect for young people living with HIV. An 18-item measure of HIV disclosure cognition and affect was developed, administered to 65 adolescents living with HIV (aged 12-16 years). Data were explored using principal component analysis and preliminary construct and criterion validity assessed...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339669/in-their-own-words-young-adults-menthol-cigarette-initiation-perceptions-experiences-and-regulation-perspectives
#5
Olivia A Wackowski, Kiameesha R Evans, Melissa B Harrell, Alexandra Loukas, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo, Cheryl L Perry
Background: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately used by young people and have been called smoking starter products. However, limited qualitative research exists on young adults' perceptions of and experiences with these products, with much of it based on document reviews of the tobacco industry's research. Methods: We conducted six focus groups with young adult (ages 18-24) menthol smokers in New Jersey (half with black smokers) between December 2014 and March 2015...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339649/lgbtq-youth-and-young-adult-perspectives-on-a-culturally-tailored-group-smoking-cessation-program
#6
Neill Bruce Baskerville, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong-Francq, Darly Dash, Aneta Abramowicz
Introduction: The prevalence of smoking among LGBTQ youth and young adults (YYAs) is much higher than that of non-LGBTQ young people. The current study explored LGBTQ YYA perceptions of a culturally tailored group smoking cessation counselling program, along with how the intervention could be improved. Methods: We conducted focus groups (n = 24) with 204 LGBTQ YYAs in Toronto and Ottawa, Canada. Open-ended questions focused on their feelings, likes and dislikes, concerns and additional ideas for a culturally tailored group cessation counselling intervention...
January 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339547/effectiveness-of-the-strengthening-families-programme-10-14-in-poland-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
David R Foxcroft, Howard Callen, Emma L Davies, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn
: The Strengthening Families Programme for youth aged 10-14 and parents/carers (SFP10-14) is a family-based prevention intervention with positive results in trials in the United States. We assessed the effectiveness of SFP10-14 for preventing substance misuse in Poland. : Cluster randomized controlled trial with 20 communities (511 families; 614 young people) were allocated to SFP10-14 or a control arms. Primary outcomes were alcohol, smoking and other drug use. Secondary outcomes included parenting practices, parent-child relations, and child problem behaviour...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339416/improving-vocational-outcomes-in-first-episode-psychosis-by-addressing-cognitive-impairments-using-cognitive-adaptation-training
#8
Kelly A Allott, Eoin Killackey, Pamela Sun, Warrick J Brewer, Dawn I Velligan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) uses compensatory strategies and environmental supports to support cognitive impairments and improve functioning. CAT may be useful for addressing vocational recovery in first-episode psychosis (FEP) because cognitive impairments are common and vocational recovery is a key goal of young people with FEP. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical observations and practice experience when delivering CAT with FEP clients and explore potential benefits via objective outcome measures for improving vocational outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334753/alcohol-screening-among-young-people-a-prospective-study-from-the-swiss-sentinel-surveillance-system-sentinella-of-physicians-a-priori-opinions
#10
Coralie Wenger-Bonny, Adjua Alexandra N'goran, Jérôme Pasquier, Charles Dvorak, Dagmar M Haller, Lilli Herzig
Background.: Systematic screening for excessive alcohol use among young people is recommended but rarely implemented. Family practitioners tend to select patients for screening, based on their preliminary subjective opinions, which may be biased. Objective.: To evaluate the ability of family practitioners to identify excessive alcohol use among young people prior to screening them. Methods.: This prospective study was conducted through Sentinella, an epidemiological network involving 150 family practitioners across Switzerland...
February 22, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333354/men-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-relating-to-fertility
#11
Karin Hammarberg, Veronica Collins, Carol Holden, Kate Young, Robert McLachlan
BACKGROUND: The increasingly common practice in high-income countries to delay childbearing to the fourth and fifth decades of life increases the risk of involuntary childlessness or having fewer children than desired. Older age also increases the risk of age-related infertility, the need for ART to conceive, and obstetric and neonatal complications. Existing research relating to childbearing focusses almost exclusively on women, and in public discourse declining fertility rates are often assumed to be the result of women delaying childbearing to pursue other life goals such as a career and travel...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333334/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-peer-education-workshops-for-school-aged-children-to-teach-about-antibiotics-microbes-and-hygiene
#12
Vicki L Young, Amy Cole, Donna M Lecky, Dennis Fettis, Beth Pritchard, Neville Q Verlander, Charlotte V Eley, Cliodna A M McNulty
Background: Delivering health topics in schools through peer education is known to be beneficial for all students involved. In this study, we have evaluated a peer-education workshop that aims to educate primary and secondary school students on hygiene, the spread of infection and antibiotics. Methods: Four schools in south-west England, in a range of localities, took part in peer-education workshops, with students completing before, after and knowledge-retention questionnaires...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333100/understanding-the-psychosocial-correlates-of-the-intention-to-use-condoms-among-young-men-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#13
Thabang Manyaapelo, Anam Nyembezi, Robert A C Ruiter, Bart van den Borne, Sibusiso Sifunda, Priscilla Reddy
South Africa leads the world with the number of people infected with HIV. Even with all attempts that have been made to curb HIV, it is still evident that new infections are on the rise. Condom use remains one of the best tools against this challenge yet a small number of sexually active men use them. This study investigates the psychosocial correlates of the intention to use condoms among young men in KwaZulu-Natal province. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework, hierarchical linear regression models were used to determine the unique contribution of the study measures in explaining the overall variance of intention to consistently use condoms...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332197/music-making-for-health-and-wellbeing-in-youth-justice-settings-mediated-affordances-and-the-impact-of-context-and-social-relations
#14
Norma Daykin, Nick de Viggiani, Yvonne Moriarty, Paul Pilkington
Young people in the criminal justice system experience significant health and wellbeing issues that often stem from poverty and disadvantage and, in turn, are linked with offending and reoffending behaviour. There is ongoing interest in interventions such as participatory music programmes that seek to foster social reintegration, support mental wellbeing and equip young offenders with life skills, competencies and emotional resilience. However, there is a need for a situated understanding of both positive and negative experiences that shape potential outcomes of music projects...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330465/the-impact-of-non-response-bias-due-to-sampling-in-public-health-studies-a-comparison-of-voluntary-versus-mandatory-recruitment-in-a-dutch-national-survey-on-adolescent-health
#15
Kei Long Cheung, Peter M Ten Klooster, Cees Smit, Hein de Vries, Marcel E Pieterse
BACKGROUND: In public health monitoring of young people it is critical to understand the effects of selective non-response, in particular when a controversial topic is involved like substance abuse or sexual behaviour. Research that is dependent upon voluntary subject participation is particularly vulnerable to sampling bias. As respondents whose participation is hardest to elicit on a voluntary basis are also more likely to report risk behaviour, this potentially leads to underestimation of risk factor prevalence...
March 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330398/mental-health-consequences-and-social-issues-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#16
Masaharu Maeda, Misari Oe
The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear power plant accident caused multidimensional and long-term effects on the mental health condition of people living in Fukushima. In this article, focusing on the influence of the nuclear disaster, we present an overview of studies regarding the psychosocial consequences of people in Fukushima. Studies revealed that the experiences of the explosions at the plant as well as the tsunami are deeply embedded in their memory, leading to posttraumatic responses...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329821/extracurricular-involvement-in-high-school-and-later-life-participation-in-voluntary-associations
#17
Emily A Greenfield, Sara M Moorman
Objectives: Scholars have identified participation in voluntary associations as a central component of civic engagement for younger and older people alike. However, there has been little longitudinal examination of how such participation potentially fluctuates across multiple periods of the life course, as well as the extent to which involvement in youth is associated with participation in later life. Method: We used data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study-which is among the oldest and most comprehensive cohort studies in the United States to date...
January 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329045/extensive-type-ii-muscle-fiber-atrophy-in-elderly-female-hip-fracture-patients
#18
Irene Fleur Kramer, Tim Snijders, Joey S J Smeets, Marika Leenders, Janneau van Kranenburg, Marcel den Hoed, Lex B Verdijk, Martijn Poeze, Luc J C van Loon
Background: Sarcopenia, or the loss of muscle mass and strength, is known to increase the risk for falls and (hip) fractures in older people. The objective of this study was to assess the skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in elderly female hip fracture patients. Method: Percutaneous needle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis muscle in 15 healthy young women (20 ± 0.4 years), 15 healthy elderly women (79 ± 1.7 years), and 15 elderly women with a fall-related hip fracture (82 ± 1...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328389/tablet-based-hearing-screening-test
#19
Alessandra G Samelli, Camila M Rabelo, Seisse G G Sanches, Camila P Aquino, Denise Gonzaga
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss (HL) affects people worldwide, many of whom are children. Especially in developing countries, epidemiological data on the prevalence of HL are insufficient to implement effective health promotion programs. In this preliminary study with young adults, we describe and validate a tablet-based hearing screening test developed for interactive remote hearing screening and compare the performance of an audiometry screening tablet application with conventional audiometry...
February 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328029/structure-mapping-for-social-learning
#20
Stella Christie
Analogical reasoning is a foundational tool for human learning, allowing learners to recognize relational structures in new events and domains. Here I sketch some grounds for understanding and applying analogical reasoning in social learning. The social world is fundamentally characterized by relations between people, with common relational structures-such as kinships and social hierarchies-forming social units that dictate social behaviors. Just as young learners use analogical reasoning for learning relational structures in other domains-spatial relations, verbs, relational categories-analogical reasoning ought to be a useful cognitive tool for acquiring social relations and structures...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
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