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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297161/proteolytic-extracts-of-three-bromeliaceae-species-as-eco-compatible-tools-for-leather-industry
#1
María Eugenia Errasti, Néstor Oscar Caffini, Laura María Isabel López
Most tanneries use high proportions of Na2S and CaO during the dehairing step, resulting in effluents of high alkalinity and large amounts of suspended solid, besides the risk of liberating the toxic H2S. Solid waste rich in protein is another environmental problem of tanneries. Enzymes are an interesting technological tool for industry due to their biodegradability, nontoxic nature, and nonpolluting effluent generation. In the leather industry, proteases have been chosen as a promising eco-friendly alternative to Na2S/CaO dehairing...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278999/detection-of-gelatin-adulteration-using-bio-informatics-proteomics-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#2
Charles T Yang, Dipankar Ghosh, Francis Beaudry
Following the internationalization of food production and manufacturing, a significant increase of food fraud was discovered, ranging from false label claims to the use of additives and fillers to increase profitability. The accidental or fraudulent mixing of animal products or by-products from different species is an important preoccupation for consumers with health or ethical concerns. Gelatin is widely used during food processing as well as in cosmetics, nutraceutics and medical formulations. It contains mainly type I, II and III collagen polypeptides...
December 26, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258493/antiplatelet-mechanism-of-an-herbal-mixture-prepared-from-the-extracts-of-phyllostachys-pubescens-leaves-and-prunus-mume-fruits
#3
Eunjung Son, Seung-Hyung Kim, Won-Kyung Yang, Dong-Seon Kim, Jimin Cha
BACKGROUND: Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) leaves and Japanese apricot (Mume fructus) fruit are traditionally recognized to be safe herbs broadly used for food and medicinal purposes in Southeast Asia. Our group previously explored their antiplatelet effects. This study was designed to confirm inhibition effects of PM21 (a 2:1 mixture of bamboo leaf extract and Japanese apricot fruit extract) on platelet aggregation and evaluate its potency to use as an herbal remedy to prevent and/or treat the diseases caused by platelet aggregation and thrombus formation...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245931/silibinin-protects-against-osteoarthritis-through-inhibiting-the-inflammatory-response-and-cartilage-matrix-degradation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Wenhao Zheng, Zhenhua Feng, Yiting Lou, Chunhui Chen, Chuanxu Zhang, Zhenyu Tao, Hang Li, Liang Cheng, Xiaozhou Ying
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by cartilage degradation and inflammation. Silibinin, a polyphenolic flavonoid derived from fruits and seeds of Silybum marianum, has been reported to possess various potent beneficial biological effects, such as antioxidant, anti-cancer, hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of silibinin on OA have not been reported. This study aimed to assess the effects of silibinin on OA both in vitro and in vivo...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214554/geniposide-suppresses-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rat-chondrocytes-via-the-pi3k-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#5
Tianlong Pan, Xuchao Shi, Huan Chen, Rong Chen, Dengying Wu, Zeng Lin, Jingdong Zhang, Jun Pan
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease that is principally characterized by progressive joint dysfunction and cartilage degradation. Inflammation and apoptosis play critical roles in the progression of OA. Geniposide (GPO), one of the principal components of the fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and other pharmacological effects. In this study, we performed in vitro experiments on rat chondrocytes to examine the therapeutic effects of GPO on OA and investigated its effects in vivo in a rat model of OA induced by medial meniscal tear (MMT)...
December 6, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160881/effect-of-nobiletin-on-the-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-the-synovial-membrane-of-rats-with-arthritis-induced-by-collagen
#6
Guliang Yang, Shiming Li, Li Yuan, Yiwen Yang, Min-Hsiung Pan
Nobiletin (5,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone) is a natural compound in the fruit peel of citrus fruit in the Rutaceae family. It is active in inhibiting inflammation, reducing plasma lipids and has anti-oxidative properties. In studying the effect of nobiletin on rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was established by bovine type II collagen (BIIC), and the effect of nobiletin on RA was investigated using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, serum enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detection and western blotting...
November 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129602/standardized-fraction-of-xylocarpus-moluccensis-fruits-improve-vascular-relaxation-and-plaque-stability-in-dyslipidemic-models-of-atherosclerosis
#7
Jitendra S Kanshana, Sanjay C Rebello, Priya Pathak, Babu Nageswararao Kanuri, Hobby Aggarwal, Vasundhara Srivastava, Vivek Khanna, Vishal Singh, Kumaravelu Jagavelu, Manoj K Barthwal, Madhu Dikshit
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lamk.) M. Roem of family Meliaceae has triterpenoids rich fruits. Triterpenoids have been known to possess cardioprotection and anti-atherosclerotic activities (Han and Bakovic, 2015; Wu et al., 2009). Standardized fraction of these fruits exhibited anti-dyslipidemic (Srivastava et al., 2015), anti-inflammatory (Ravangpai et al., 2011) and CNS depressant activity (Sarker et al., 2007). However, there is no report in the literature on its cardiovascular effects...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068048/possibilities-for-developing-texture-modified-beef-steaks-suitable-for-older-consumers-using-fruit-derived-proteolytic-enzymes
#8
Cristina Botinestean, Carolina Gomez, Yingqun Nian, Mark A E Auty, Joseph P Kerry, Ruth M Hamill
Meat intakes in the older population are commonly reduced because the relatively tough texture of meat can impair mastication. Fruit-derived proteolytic enzymes have been reported to have beneficial effects on tenderness, by causing significant degradation of myofibrillar proteins and collagen. Three treatments including: papain, bromelain and a 50:50 mixture of papain/bromelain, alongside one control were applied to beef M. semitendinosus steaks. Effects on Warner - Bratzler shear force, texture parameters, color, and cook loss were determined...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034202/wound-healing-potentials-of-thevetia-peruviana-antioxidants-and-inflammatory-markers-criteria
#9
Nazneen Rahman, Haseebur Rahman, Mir Haris, Riaz Mahmood
Thevetia peruviana is a medicinal plant used in the treatment of external wounds, infected area, ring worms, tumours etc. in traditional system of medicine. The aim of the study was to evaluate the wound healing potentials of T. peruviana leaves hexane (LH) and fruit rind (FW) water extracts and to prove the folkloric claims. The antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potentials could be important strategies in defining potent wound healing drug. Based on these approaches the current study was designed using incision, excision and dead space wound models with the biochemical, antioxidant enzymes and inflammatory marker analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018060/dietary-supplements-for-treating-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Xiaoqian Liu, Gustavo C Machado, Jillian P Eyles, Varshini Ravi, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of dietary supplements for patients with osteoarthritis. DESIGN: An intervention systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Allied and Complementary Medicine and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched from inception to April 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials comparing oral supplements with placebo for hand, hip or knee osteoarthritis...
October 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919696/potential-of-pomegranate-fruit-extract-punica-granatum-linn-to-increase-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-platelet-derived-growth-factor-expressions-on-the-post-tooth-extraction-wound-of-cavia-cobaya
#11
Intan Nirwana, Priyawan Rachmadi, Devi Rianti
BACKGROUND: Pomegranates fruit extracts have several activities, among others, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidants that have the main content punicalagin and ellagic acid. Pomegranate has the ability of various therapies through different mechanisms. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) function was to form new blood vessels produced by various cells one of them was macrophages. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was a growth factor proven chemotactic, increased fibroblast proliferation and collagen matrix production...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858724/alpha-mangostin-protects-rat-articular-chondrocytes-against-il-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-slows-the-progression-of-osteoarthritis-in-a-rat-model
#12
Tianlong Pan, Dengying Wu, Ningyu Cai, Rong Chen, Xuchao Shi, Bin Li, Jun Pan
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease characterized by inflammation and cartilage degradation. α-Mangostin (α-MG), which can be isolated from the fruit of the tropical evergreen tree Garcinia mangostana-L, is known to have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of α-MG in the treatment of OA, using both rat chondrocytes and an OA rat model induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). Rat chondrocytes were pretreated with α-MG (0, 1.25, 2.5, and 5.0μg/ml for 24h) prior to stimulation with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) (10ng/ml for 24h)...
November 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830755/naringin-attenuates-thioacetamide-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-through-modulation-of-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#13
Kholoud Alaa El-Mihi, Hany Ibrahim Kenawy, Amro El-Karef, Nehal Mohsen Elsherbiny, Laila Ahmed Eissa
AIMS: Naringin (NR) is a flavanone glycoside extracted from grapefruits and citrus fruits. The aim of this study is to investigate the antifibrotic efficacy of NR in thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats through evaluating NR effect on the PI3K/Akt pathway. MAIN METHODS: Hepatic fibrosis was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of TAA (200mg/kg) twice per week for 6weeks. Simultaneously, NR (40mg/kg/day, p.o.) was given along with TAA injection...
October 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821164/cape-gooseberry-physalis-peruviana-juice-as-a-modulator-agent-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-linked-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest
#14
Hanaa A Hassan, Hanaa M Serag, Makwan S Qadir, Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
BACKGROUND: Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) fruit is highly nutritious with high content of health-promoting compounds including minerals, phenolic compounds, as well as vitamins A and C. Physalis peruviana fruits were used as mutagenic, antispasmodic, anticoagulant, and antileucemis agents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present work was to study the role of cape gooseberry juice (CG) as a natural modulator agent for adverse aspects associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753501/the-effect-of-active-components-from-citrus-fruits-on-dentin-mmps
#15
Zhengya Liu, Fang Li, Ling Zhang, Haohan Yu, Fan Yu, Jihua Chen
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) ability of active components from citrus fruits (hesperetin: Hst, hesperidin: Hsd and naringenin: Nge). METHODS: Inactivation effects of citrus flavonoids (Hst, Hsd, Nge) at different concentrations on soluble collagenase were measured using a fluorometric assay. Matrix-bound endogenous MMPs activity was evaluated via dry mass loss and hydroxyproline (HYP) release of demineralized human dentin...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697472/protective-effects-of-grape-stem-extract-against-uvb-induced-damage-in-c57bl-mice-skin
#16
Denis Nchang Che, Guang Hua Xie, Byoung Ok Cho, Jae Young Shin, Hyun Ju Kang, Seon Il Jang
Humans have become exposed to another form of a trait which is ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation reaching the earth's surface. This has become a major source of oxidative stress that ultimately leads to inflammation, DNA damage, photoaging and pigmentation disorders etc. Although several studies have shown the photo-protective role of different grape parts like the fruits and seeds, little or no data demonstrating the in vivo photo-protective role of grape stem, which is the most discarded part of the grape are available...
August 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650699/effect-of-euterpe-oleracea-mart-seeds-extract-on-chronic-ischemic-renal-injury-in-renovascular-hypertensive-rats
#17
Cristiane Aguiar da Costa, Dayane Teixeira Ognibene, Viviane Silva Cristino Cordeiro, Graziele Freitas de Bem, Izabelle Barcellos Santos, Ricardo Andrade Soares, Letícia L de Melo Cunha, Lenize C R M Carvalho, Roberto Soares de Moura, Angela Castro Resende
Previously, we have demonstrated that the seeds of Euterpe oleracia Mart. (açaí) are rich in polyphenols with antihypertensive and antioxidant properties. This study evaluated the renal protective effects of the hydroalcoholic extract obtained from the seeds of açaí (ASE) fruits in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertension. Young male Wistar rats were used to obtain 2K1C and sham groups. Animals received ASE (200 mg/(kg·day) in drinking water) or vehicle for 40 days. We evaluated serum and urinary parameters, renal structural changes, and oxidative status...
October 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614772/inhibition-of-blood-platelet-adhesion-by-phenolics-rich-fraction-of-hippophae-rhamnoides-l-fruits
#18
B Olas, B Kontek, M Szczesna, L Grabarczyk, A Stochmal, J Zuchowski
Beneficial influence of fruits on human health may be their ability to prevent the hyperactivation of blood platelets and cardiovascular disorders. Effects of the phenolic fraction from Hippophae rhamnoides fruit on different stages of blood platelet activation (platelet adhesion and aggregation) were studied in vitro. We also examined effects of the H. rhamnoides fraction on metabolism of thiol groups, which plays an important role in platelet functions. The effects of the H. rhamnoides fraction on adhesion of blood platelets to collagen and fibrinogen were determined with Tuszynski's and Murphy's method...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545667/arctigenin-suppresses-renal-interstitial-fibrosis-in-a-rat-model-of-obstructive-nephropathy
#19
Ao Li, Xiaoxun Zhang, Mao Shu, Mingjun Wu, Jun Wang, Jingyao Zhang, Rui Wang, Peng Li, Yitao Wang
BACKGROUND: Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is commonly the final result of a variety of progressive injuries and leads to end-stage renal disease. There are few therapeutic agents currently available for retarding the development of renal TIF. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of arctigenin (ATG), a lignan component derived from dried burdock (Arctium lappa L.) fruits, in protecting the kidney against injury by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rats...
July 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507472/schisandrae-fructus-ethanol-extract-ameliorates-inflammatory-responses-and-articular-cartilage-damage-in-monosodium-iodoacetate-induced-osteoarthritis-in-rats
#20
Jin-Woo Jeong, Jongsik Kim, Eun Ok Choi, Da Hye Kwon, Gyu Min Kong, Il-Whan Choi, Bum Hoi Kim, Gi-Young Kim, Ki Won Lee, Ki Young Kim, Sung Goo Kim, Young Whan Choi, Su Hyun Hong, Cheol Park, Yung Hyun Choi
Schisandrae Fructus, the fruit of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of a number of chronic diseases. Although, Schisandrae Fructus was recently reported to attenuate the interleukin (IL)-1β-induced inflammatory response in chondrocytes in vitro, its protective and therapeutic potential against osteoarthritis (OA) in an animal model remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effects of the ethanol extract of Schisandrae Fructus (SF) on inflammatory responses and cartilage degradation in a monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA rat model...
2017: EXCLI Journal
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