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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721568/hepatoprotection-of-auraptene-from-peels-of-citrus-fruits-against-thioacetamide-induced-hepatic-fibrosis-in-mice-by-activating-farnesoid-x-receptor
#1
Xiaoguang Gao, Changyuan Wang, Chenqing Ning, Kexin Liu, Xinyuan Wang, Zhihao Liu, Huijun Sun, Xiaodong Ma, Pengyuan Sun, Qiang Meng
Hepatic fibrosis is a pathological process that eventually leads to the development of cirrhosis and liver cancer by various types of chronic liver disease. To date, there is no standard treatment for the progression of liver fibrosis. This study aims to investigate the hepatoprotection of auraptene (AUR), a simple coumarin contained in the peels of citrus fruits such as grapefruit, against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice. The involvement of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in the anti-fibrotic effect of AUR was further elucidated using in vivo and in vitro experiments...
May 3, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651426/4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-alkylated-and-peroxynitrite-nitrated-proteins-localize-to-the-fused-mitochondria-in-malpighian-epithelial-cells-of-type-iv-collagen-drosophila-mutants
#2
András A Kiss, Nikoletta Popovics, Zsolt Boldogkői, Katalin Csiszár, Mátyás Mink
Background . Human type IV collagenopathy is associated with mutations within the COL4A1 and to a less extent the COL4A2 genes. The proteins encoded by these genes form heterotrimers and are the highest molar ratio components of the ubiquitous basement membrane. The clinical manifestations of the COL4A1/A2 mutations are systemic affecting many tissues and organs among these kidneys. In order to uncover the cellular and biochemical alterations associated with aberrant type IV collagen, we have explored the phenotype of the Malpighian tubules, the secretory organ and insect kidney model, in col4a1 collagen gene mutants of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster ...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601380/can-genipin-coated-sutures-deliver-a-collagen-crosslinking-agent-to-improve-suture-pullout-in-degenerated-tendon-an-ex-vivo-animal-study
#3
Roland S Camenzind, Timo O Tondelli, Tobias Götschi, Claude Holenstein, Jess G Snedeker
BACKGROUND: The suture-tendon interface is often the weakest link in tendon-to-tendon or tendon-to-bone repair. Genipin is an exogenous collagen crosslink agent derived from the gardenia fruit that can enhance suture force to failure of the tendon-suture interface. Viable methods for intraoperative clinical delivery of genipin could be of clinical utility, but to our knowledge have not yet been extensively studied. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate whether sutures precoated with genipin can augment the suture-tendon interface to improve force to failure, stiffness, and work to failure in healthy and degenerated tendons; and (2) to determine the effect of genipin on the extent and distribution of crosslinking...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577119/apoptosis-effects-of-imperatorin-on-synoviocytes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-through-mitochondrial-caspase-mediated-pathways
#4
Ke-Feng Zhai, Hong Duan, Yuan Chen, Ghulam Jilany Khan, Wen-Gen Cao, Gui-Zhen Gao, Ling-Ling Shan, Zhao-Jun Wei
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic chronic inflammatory disease associated with a potential imbalance between the growth and death of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs). Imperatorin (IPT) is a naturally occurring furanocoumarin found in umbelliferous vegetables, citrus fruits, and some herbs. The effects of IPT on the proliferation and apoptosis of RA-FLSs and its potential underlying mechanisms have remained unclear. RA-FLSs obtained from RA patients were induced by interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and treated with IPT...
March 26, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491276/effect-of-passion-fruit-seed-extract-rich-in-piceatannol-on-the-skin-of-women-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-trial
#5
Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Minoru Morita, Yoshikazu Yonei, Masahiko Sai
Piceatannol has been reported to have a wide variety of effects on the skin, including promoting collagen production, inhibiting melanin synthesis, inducing the antioxidant glutathione, and eliminating reactive oxygen species. In this study, a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted to clinically evaluate the effects of piceatannol-rich passion fruit seed extract on the skin of healthy Japanese women (age, 35-54 y). Thirty-two women with dry skin received either passion fruit seed extract (5 mg piceatannol) or a placebo (dextrin) for 8 wk...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474900/hepatoprotective-effect-of-forsythiae-fructus-water-extract-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-mice
#6
Yi Zhang, Hui Miao, Hongyu Yan, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The fruit of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, named Forsythiae Fructus (Lian-Qiao), is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) used for clearing away heat and toxic material, eliminating the mass and relieving swelling. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to observe the attenuation of the water extract of Forsythiae Fructus (FSE) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced hepatic fibrosis in male C57BL/6 mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hepatic fibrosis was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by intraperitoneal injection with 2 ml/kg CCl4 (mixed 1: 3 in olive oil) twice a week for 4 weeks...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415712/anti-aging-potential-of-extracts-from-sclerocarya-birrea-a-rich-hochst-and-its-chemical-profiling-by-uplc-q-tof-ms
#7
Tinotenda Shoko, Vinesh J Maharaj, Dashnie Naidoo, Malefa Tselanyane, Rudzani Nthambeleni, Eric Khorombi, Zeno Apostolides
BACKGROUND: Degradation of components of the extracellular matrix such as elastin and collagen by elastase and collagenase accelerates skin aging. Phytochemicals that inhibit the activity of these enzymes can be developed as anti-aging ingredients. In this study, an investigation of the anti-aging properties of Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst (Marula) extracts was conducted in vitro with the aim of developing chemically characterized anti-aging ingredients. METHODS: Marula stems, leaves and fruits were extracted using methanol:dichloromethane (DCM) (1:1)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382002/latent-scurvy-with-tiredness-and-leg-pain-in-alcoholics-an-underestimated-disease-three-case-reports
#8
Christine Lux-Battistelli, Daniel Battistelli
RATIONALE: Scurvy is often diagnosed at the state of well-established signs as, for example, skin and visceral purpura, gums involvement, loss of healthy teeth, which derive mostly from disturbance of collagen metabolism. Little is known about the state of latent scurvy, which symptoms are nonspecific and may mimic more common conditions such as weakness, leg pain, and muscle aching. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report 3 cases of extreme lassitude and leg pain in alcoholics...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297161/proteolytic-extracts-of-three-bromeliaceae-species-as-eco-compatible-tools-for-leather-industry
#9
María Eugenia Errasti, Néstor Oscar Caffini, Laura María Isabel López
Most tanneries use high proportions of Na2 S and CaO during the dehairing step, resulting in effluents of high alkalinity and large amounts of suspended solid, besides the risk of liberating the toxic H2 S. Solid waste rich in protein is another environmental problem of tanneries. Enzymes are an interesting technological tool for industry due to their biodegradability, nontoxic nature, and nonpolluting effluent generation. In the leather industry, proteases have been chosen as a promising eco-friendly alternative to Na2 S/CaO dehairing...
January 2, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278999/detection-of-gelatin-adulteration-using-bio-informatics-proteomics-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#10
Charles T Yang, Dipankar Ghosh, Francis Beaudry
Following the internationalisation of food production and manufacturing, a significant increase of food fraud was discovered, ranging from false label claims to the use of additives and fillers to increase profitability. The accidental or fraudulent mixing of animal products or by-products from different species is an important preoccupation for consumers with health or ethical concerns. Gelatin is widely used during food processing as well as in cosmetics, nutraceutics and medical formulations. It contains mainly type I, II and III collagen polypeptides...
January 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258493/antiplatelet-mechanism-of-an-herbal-mixture-prepared-from-the-extracts-of-phyllostachys-pubescens-leaves-and-prunus-mume-fruits
#11
Eunjung Son, Seung-Hyung Kim, Won-Kyung Yang, Dong-Seon Kim, Jimin Cha
BACKGROUND: Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) leaves and Japanese apricot (Mume fructus) fruit are traditionally recognized to be safe herbs broadly used for food and medicinal purposes in Southeast Asia. Our group previously explored their antiplatelet effects. This study was designed to confirm inhibition effects of PM21 (a 2:1 mixture of bamboo leaf extract and Japanese apricot fruit extract) on platelet aggregation and evaluate its potency to use as an herbal remedy to prevent and/or treat the diseases caused by platelet aggregation and thrombus formation...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245931/silibinin-protects-against-osteoarthritis-through-inhibiting-the-inflammatory-response-and-cartilage-matrix-degradation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
Wenhao Zheng, Zhenhua Feng, Yiting Lou, Chunhui Chen, Chuanxu Zhang, Zhenyu Tao, Hang Li, Liang Cheng, Xiaozhou Ying
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by cartilage degradation and inflammation. Silibinin, a polyphenolic flavonoid derived from fruits and seeds of Silybum marianum , has been reported to possess various potent beneficial biological effects, such as antioxidant, anti-cancer, hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of silibinin on OA have not been reported. This study aimed to assess the effects of silibinin on OA both in vitro and in vivo ...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214554/geniposide-suppresses-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rat-chondrocytes-via-the-pi3k-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#13
Tianlong Pan, Xuchao Shi, Huan Chen, Rong Chen, Dengying Wu, Zeng Lin, Jingdong Zhang, Jun Pan
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease that is principally characterized by progressive joint dysfunction and cartilage degradation. Inflammation and apoptosis play critical roles in the progression of OA. Geniposide (GPO), one of the principal components of the fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and other pharmacological effects. In this study, we performed in vitro experiments on rat chondrocytes to examine the therapeutic effects of GPO on OA and investigated its effects in vivo in a rat model of OA induced by medial meniscal tear (MMT)...
December 6, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160881/effect-of-nobiletin-on-the-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-the-synovial-membrane-of-rats-with-arthritis-induced-by-collagen
#14
Guliang Yang, Shiming Li, Li Yuan, Yiwen Yang, Min-Hsiung Pan
Nobiletin (5,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone) is a natural compound in the fruit peel of citrus fruit in the Rutaceae family. It is active in inhibiting inflammation, reducing plasma lipids and has anti-oxidative properties. In studying the effect of nobiletin on rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was established by bovine type II collagen (BIIC), and the effect of nobiletin on RA was investigated using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, serum enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detection and western blotting...
December 13, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129602/standardized-fraction-of-xylocarpus-moluccensis-fruits-improve-vascular-relaxation-and-plaque-stability-in-dyslipidemic-models-of-atherosclerosis
#15
Jitendra S Kanshana, Sanjay C Rebello, Priya Pathak, Babu Nageswararao Kanuri, Hobby Aggarwal, Vasundhara Srivastava, Vivek Khanna, Vishal Singh, Kumaravelu Jagavelu, Manoj K Barthwal, Madhu Dikshit
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lamk.) M. Roem of family Meliaceae has triterpenoids rich fruits. Triterpenoids have been known to possess cardioprotection and anti-atherosclerotic activities (Han and Bakovic, 2015; Wu et al., 2009). Standardized fraction of these fruits exhibited anti-dyslipidemic (Srivastava et al., 2015), anti-inflammatory (Ravangpai et al., 2011) and CNS depressant activity (Sarker et al., 2007). However, there is no report in the literature on its cardiovascular effects...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068048/possibilities-for-developing-texture-modified-beef-steaks-suitable-for-older-consumers-using-fruit-derived-proteolytic-enzymes
#16
Cristina Botinestean, Carolina Gomez, Yingqun Nian, Mark A E Auty, Joseph P Kerry, Ruth M Hamill
Meat intakes in the older population are commonly reduced because the relatively tough texture of meat can impair mastication. Fruit-derived proteolytic enzymes have been reported to have beneficial effects on tenderness, by causing significant degradation of myofibrillar proteins and collagen. Three treatments including: papain, bromelain and a 50:50 mixture of papain/bromelain, alongside one control were applied to beef M. semitendinosus steaks. Effects on Warner - Bratzler shear force, texture parameters, color, and cook loss were determined...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034202/wound-healing-potentials-of-thevetia-peruviana-antioxidants-and-inflammatory-markers-criteria
#17
Nazneen Rahman, Haseebur Rahman, Mir Haris, Riaz Mahmood
Thevetia peruviana is a medicinal plant used in the treatment of external wounds, infected area, ring worms, tumours etc. in traditional system of medicine. The aim of the study was to evaluate the wound healing potentials of T. peruviana leaves hexane (LH) and fruit rind (FW) water extracts and to prove the folkloric claims. The antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potentials could be important strategies in defining potent wound healing drug. Based on these approaches the current study was designed using incision, excision and dead space wound models with the biochemical, antioxidant enzymes and inflammatory marker analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018060/dietary-supplements-for-treating-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Xiaoqian Liu, Gustavo C Machado, Jillian P Eyles, Varshini Ravi, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of dietary supplements for patients with osteoarthritis. DESIGN: An intervention systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Allied and Complementary Medicine and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched from inception to April 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials comparing oral supplements with placebo for hand, hip or knee osteoarthritis...
February 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919696/potential-of-pomegranate-fruit-extract-punica-granatum-linn-to-increase-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-platelet-derived-growth-factor-expressions-on-the-post-tooth-extraction-wound-of-cavia-cobaya
#19
Intan Nirwana, Priyawan Rachmadi, Devi Rianti
BACKGROUND: Pomegranates fruit extracts have several activities, among others, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidants that have the main content punicalagin and ellagic acid. Pomegranate has the ability of various therapies through different mechanisms. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) function was to form new blood vessels produced by various cells one of them was macrophages. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was a growth factor proven chemotactic, increased fibroblast proliferation and collagen matrix production...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858724/alpha-mangostin-protects-rat-articular-chondrocytes-against-il-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-slows-the-progression-of-osteoarthritis-in-a-rat-model
#20
Tianlong Pan, Dengying Wu, Ningyu Cai, Rong Chen, Xuchao Shi, Bin Li, Jun Pan
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease characterized by inflammation and cartilage degradation. α-Mangostin (α-MG), which can be isolated from the fruit of the tropical evergreen tree Garcinia mangostana-L, is known to have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of α-MG in the treatment of OA, using both rat chondrocytes and an OA rat model induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). Rat chondrocytes were pretreated with α-MG (0, 1.25, 2.5, and 5.0μg/ml for 24h) prior to stimulation with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) (10ng/ml for 24h)...
November 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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