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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149429/population-analysis-of-predictors-of-difficult-intubation-with-direct-laryngoscopy-in-pediatric-patients-with-and-without-thyroid-disease
#1
Aalap C Shah, William C K Ng, Sean Sinnott, Joseph P Cravero
PURPOSE: There are no data on the prevalence and predictors of difficult intubation (DI) in pediatric patients with thyroid disease. This study (1) assesses the prevalence of DI in patients with thyroid disease undergoing elective operations, (2) identifies other predictors of DI in children, and (3) evaluates the effect of DI on postoperative care and length-of-stay. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort analysis of procedures in patients assigned with an ICD-9 code for thyroid disease between June 2012 and February 2016...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148123/donohue-syndrome-a-review-of-literature-case-series-and-anesthetic-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Alana Kirkwood, Grant Stuart, Louise Harding
BACKGROUND: Donohue syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of insulin resistance, causing a functional defect in insulin receptor function, and affecting the ability of the insulin to bind the receptor. Features include severe hyperinsulinism and fasting hypoglycemia, along with severe failure to thrive despite feeding. An accelerated fasting state results in muscle wasting, decreased subcutaneous fat, and an excess of thick skin. A reduced thoracic diameter is accentuated by increased abdominal distension, which impacts on respiratory reserve...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140970/clinical-impact-of-external-laryngeal-manipulation-during-laryngoscopy-on-tracheal-intubation-success-in-critically-ill-children
#3
Taiki Kojima, Elizabeth K Laverriere, Erin B Owen, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Asha N Shenoi, Natalie Napolitano, Kyle J Rehder, Michelle A Adu-Darko, Sholeen T Nett, Debbie Spear, Keith Meyer, John S Giuliano, Keiko M Tarquinio, Ronald C Sanders, Jan Hau Lee, Dennis W Simon, Paula A Vanderford, Anthony Y Lee, Calvin A Brown, Peter W Skippen, Ryan K Breuer, Iris Toedt-Pingel, Simon J Parsons, Eleanor A Gradidge, Lily B Glater, Kathleen Culver, Simon Li, Lee A Polikoff, Joy D Howell, Gabrielle Nuthall, Gokul K Bysani, Ana L Graciano, Guillaume Emeriaud, Osamu Saito, Alberto Orioles, Karen Walson, Philipp Jung, Awni M Al-Subu, Takanari Ikeyama, Rakshay Shetty, Kathleen M Yoder, Vinay M Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: External laryngeal manipulation is a commonly used maneuver to improve visualization of the glottis during tracheal intubation in children. However, the effectiveness to improve tracheal intubation attempt success rate in the nonanesthesia setting is not clear. The study objective was to evaluate the association between external laryngeal manipulation use and initial tracheal intubation attempt success in PICUs. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using a multicenter emergency airway quality improvement registry...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123910/management-of-pediatric-cannot-intubate-cannot-oxygenate
#4
Yohei Okada, Wataru Ishii, Norio Sato, Hirokazu Kotani, Ryoji Iiduka
Case: "Cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate" (CICO) is a rare, life-threatening situation. We describe a pediatric case of CICO and highlight some educational points.A 3-year-old boy who collapsed in the bathtub came to our emergency department. On admission, he went into cardiac arrest probably because of an airway obstruction. We judged his condition as CICO and carried out an emergent tracheostomy after several attempts to perform a cricothyroidotomy failed. We continued resuscitation; however, circulation did not return spontaneously...
October 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076654/the-respiratory-system-in-pediatric-chronic-heart-disease
#5
REVIEW
Sotiria C Apostolopoulou
Cardiovascular disease in the pediatric population closely affects the respiratory system inducing water retention in the lungs and pulmonary edema, airway compression by cardiovascular structures, restrictive pulmonary physiology as a result of hemodynamic changes and surgical repair, susceptibility to respiratory infections, development of pulmonary hypertension, thrombosis, or hemorrhage. Chronic heart failure and congenital heart disease are characterized by various respiratory manifestations and symptoms mimicking lung disease, which are frequently difficult to diagnose and treat...
December 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068802/emergency-ventilation-of-infant-subglottic-stenosis-through-small-gauge-lumen-using-the-ventrain-a-case-report
#6
Francisco J Escribá Alepuz, Javier Alonso García, J Vicente Cuchillo Sastriques, Emilio Alcalá, Pilar Argente Navarro
Postintubation subglottic stenosis is one of the most common causes of stridor in newborns and babies after prolonged mechanical ventilation. Management of this pathology is complex and requires highly trained personnel because it is associated with a high rate of airway-related mortality. This article presents the rescue of a difficult airway in a pediatric patient with subglottic stenosis with a new device available on the market, the Ventrain, offering certain advantages over those available until now.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4...
October 24, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#7
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032316/fiber-reinforced-silicone-for-tracheobronchial-stents-an-experimental-study
#8
Samanta Bianchi Vearick, Kétner Bendo Demétrio, Rogério Gastal Xavier, Alexandre Heitor Moreschi, André Frotta Muller, Paulo Roberto Stefani Sanches, Luis Alberto Loureiro Dos Santos
A trachea is a tubular structure composed of smooth muscle that is reinforced with cartilage rings. Some diseases can cause sagging in smooth muscle and cartilaginous tissue. The end result is reduction (narrowing) of the trachea diameter. A solution to this problem is the use of tracheal stents, which are small tubular devices made of silicone. One is inserted into the trachea to prevent or correct its constriction. The purpose of tracheal stent use is to maintain cartilage support that would otherwise be lost in the airway...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981980/conditional-reprogramming-of-pediatric-airway-epithelial-cells-a-new-human-model-to-investigate-early-life-respiratory-disorders
#9
Seth Wolf, Geovanny F Perez, Lana Mukharesh, Nataliza Isaza, Diego Preciado, Robert J Freishtat, Dinesh Pillai, Mary C Rose, Gustavo Nino
BACKGROUND: Airway epithelial cells (AEC) are quite difficult to access in newborns and infants. It is critically important to develop robust life-extended models to conduct translational studies in this age group. We propose the use of a recently described cell-culture technology (conditionally reprogrammed cells - CRC) to generate continuous primary cell cultures from nasal and bronchial AEC of young children. METHODS: We collected nasal and/or bronchial AEC from a total of 23 subjects of different ages including newborns/infants/toddlers (0-2 years; N=9), school age children (4-11 years; N=6), and a group of adolescent/adult donors (N=8)...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976458/evaluation-of-the-c-mac-miller-video-laryngoscope-sizes-0-and-1-during-tracheal-intubation-of-infants-less-than-10-kg
#10
Florian J Raimann, Colleen E Cuca, Detlev Kern, Kai Zacharowski, Udo Rolle, Dirk Meininger, Christian F Weber, Christian Byhahn, Haitham Mutlak
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Video laryngoscopy has primarily been developed to assist in difficult airways. Using video laryngoscopy in pediatric airway management is an up-and-coming topic. The aim of the presented study was to compare the intubation conditions obtained when using the C-MAC video laryngoscope with Miller blades sizes 0 and 1 for standard direct laryngoscopy and indirect laryngoscopy in children weighing less than 10 kg. DESIGN: This was a prospective study...
October 2, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940719/effect-of-availability-of-video-laryngoscopy-on-the-use-of-fiberoptic-intubation-in-school-aged-children-with-microtia
#11
Ichiro Kondo, Hidetsugu Kobayashi, Yoshihumi Suga, Akihiro Suzuki, Shuya Kiyama, Shoichi Uezono
BACKGROUND: With the increasing popularity of video laryngoscopy during intubation of pediatric patients with normal or difficult airways, fiberoptic-assisted tracheal intubation, traditionally considered the gold standard for difficult intubation, may become underused. AIM: We aimed to assess the use of airway management techniques before and after introduction of video laryngoscopy in a cohort of school-aged children with microtia, who are at increased risk of difficult intubation...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928561/periprocedural-management-of-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation-patients-an-11-year-experience
#12
Ajay Prasad Hrishi, Karen Ruby Lionel
CONTEXT: The vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare arteriovenous malformation where a dilated median prosencephalic vein provides a low-resistance conduit for intracerebral blood flow resulting in high-output cardiac failure, severe pulmonary hypertension, with or without central nervous system symptoms secondary to hydrocephalus, in the neonatal and pediatric population. AIM: This study aims to analysis of the anesthetic management of this unique subset of patients with VGAM...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928551/a-survey-of-current-practice-of-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-pediatric-anesthesia-from-india
#13
Suvarna Kaniyil, P B Smithamol, Elizabeth Joseph, A Krishnadas, K T Ramadas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have revolutionized the pediatric anesthetic practice and got a key role in difficult airway (DA) management. Several modifications of SADs design had come up to improve their safety. AIM: The aim of this survey was to determine the current usage of SADs in pediatric anesthetic practice, their availability, and to know any difficulties noted in practice. METHODS: It was a questionnaire survey among the anesthesiologists who attended the National Pediatric Anesthesia Conference-2016...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879321/perioperative-airway-management-of-a-patient-with-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome
#14
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
Airway obstruction in pediatric patients always poses a challenge for anesthesiologists. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome causes various abnormalities such as macroglossia and omphalocele. Patients with these abnormalities often need corrective surgeries. Management of difficult airway caused by conditions such as macroglossia in patients with this syndrome could be challenging. We encountered a case of difficult airway in an infant with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. It was predicted that macroglossia might cause difficult ventilation, intubation, and extubation...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865448/pediatric-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-clinical-practice-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Anne Gottfried, Sabine Nabecker, Robert Greif, Malte Book, Lorenz Theiler
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices (SGA) are commonly used in pediatric anesthesia and serve as primary or back-up devices for difficult airway management. Most SGA are marketed without proper clinical evaluation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the pediatric LMA Supreme™, Air-Q® and Ambu® Aura-i™. METHODS: This prospective observational study was performed at Bern University Hospital, Switzerland. With ethics committee approval and a waiver for written informed consent 240 children undergoing elective surgery with an ASA class I-III and a weight of 5-30 kg were included...
September 2, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801782/common-pediatric-medical-emergencies-in-office-practice
#16
Bharat Mehra, Suresh Gupta
General Practitioners frequently see children with medical conditions that may evolve into an emergency if not promptly attended to. The most common emergencies encountered in pediatric office practice are respiratory distress, dehydration, anaphylaxis, seizures and trauma. Assessment of children is sometimes difficult as the signs and symptoms might be subtle and not markedly expressed. Also, normal value of vital signs vary with age, thus their interpretation requires discrete knowledge of age appropriate values...
August 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776555/induction-of-anesthesia-with-dexmedetomidine-and-sevoflurane-for-a-pediatric-difficult-airway
#17
Ling-Xin Wei, Xiao-Ming Deng, Jing-Hu Sui, Lei Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658109/exchange-of-supraglottic-airways-for-endotracheal-tube-using-the-eschmann-introducer-during-simulated-child-resuscitation-a-randomized-study-comparing-4-devices
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lukasz Szarpak, Zenon Truszewski, Joseph Vitale, Logan Glosser, Kurt Ruetzler, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the application of the Eschmann tracheal tube introducer (ETTI) with 4 types of supraglottic airway devices (SADs) using a child-manikin. METHODS: A total of 79 paramedics were asked to exchange the 4 SADs for an endotracheal tube with the ETTI in 3 different scenarios using a randomized crossover study format: normal airway without chest compression; normal airway with uninterrupted chest compression; and difficult airway with uninterrupted chest compression...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650415/videolaryngoscopy-versus-fiber-optic-intubation-through-a-supraglottic-airway-in-children-with-a-difficult-airway-an-analysis-from-the-multicenter-pediatric-difficult-intubation-registry
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicholas E Burjek, Akira Nishisaki, John E Fiadjoe, H Daniel Adams, Kenneth N Peeples, Vidya T Raman, Patrick N Olomu, Pete G Kovatsis, Narasimhan Jagannathan, Agnes Hunyady, Adrian Bosenberg, See Tham, Daniel Low, Paul Hopkins, Chris Glover, Olutoyin Olutoye, Peter Szmuk, John McCloskey, Nicholas Dalesio, Rahul Koka, Robert Greenberg, Scott Watkins, Vikram Patel, Paul Reynolds, Maria Matuszczak, Ranu Jain, Samia Khalil, David Polaner, Jennifer Zieg, Judit Szolnoki, Kumar Sathyamoorthy, Brad Taicher, N Ricardo Riveros Perez, Solmaletha Bhattacharya, Tarun Bhalla, Paul Stricker, Justin Lockman, Jorge Galvez, Mohamed Rehman, Britta Von Ungern-Sternberg, David Sommerfield, Codruta Soneru, Franklin Chiao, Martina Richtsfeld, Kumar Belani, Lina Sarmiento, Sam Mireles, Guelay Bilen Rosas, Raymond Park, James Peyton
BACKGROUND: The success rates and related complications of various techniques for intubation in children with difficult airways remain unknown. The primary aim of this study is to compare the success rates of fiber-optic intubation via supraglottic airway to videolaryngoscopy in children with difficult airways. Our secondary aim is to compare the complication rates of these techniques. METHODS: Observational data were collected from 14 sites after management of difficult pediatric airways...
September 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#20
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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