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Labral repair

Brian J White, Julie Patterson, Mackenzie M Herzog
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of labral repair versus labral reconstruction in patients presenting to a single surgeon for revision hip arthroscopy following previous labral treatment. METHODS: Patients who underwent revision labral repair or labral reconstruction using iliotibial band allograft, after previous labral debridement or repair, between 2009 and 2013 were identified. Hips that underwent revision labral reconstruction were further stratified into 2 graft groups (freeze-dried v frozen allograft)...
October 5, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Nata Parnes, Maryellen Blevins, Brian Carr, Paul Carey
Inferior labrum anterior to posterior lesions as an isolated injury or as part of an extensive traumatic labral tear are uncommon and may present as multidirectional instability of the shoulder. These lesions are hard to visualize radiographically and many times are diagnosed only during surgery. Arthroscopic repair of these lesions requires advanced arthroscopic skills and is required for restoration of glenohumeral stability. We report a combined double-pulley simple knot technique that anatomically reconstructs the inferior labrum while overcoming the typical technical challenges, providing a large footprint for healing along the inferior glenoid rim and minimizing the amount of suture material in direct contact with the articular cartilage and the risk of knot migration...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Ivan J Antosh, John M Tokish, Brett D Owens
CONTEXT: Posterior shoulder instability has become more frequently recognized and treated as a unique subset of shoulder instability, especially in the military. Posterior shoulder pathology may be more difficult to accurately diagnose than its anterior counterpart, and commonly, patients present with complaints of pain rather than instability. "Posterior instability" may encompass both dislocation and subluxation, and the most common presentation is recurrent posterior subluxation. Arthroscopic and open treatment techniques have improved as understanding of posterior shoulder instability has evolved...
October 3, 2016: Sports Health
L Willemot, R Elfadalli, K C Jaspars, M H Ahw, J Peeters, N Jansen, G Declerq, O Verborgt
Purpose : The aim of this study was to assess radiological and clinical outcome after arthroscopic all--suture anchor labral repair. Method: 20 patients treated for anterior and superior labral instability (mean age 29, range 14-51 years) were assessed at a minimum follow-up time of 1 year (mean 19 months ; range, 12-28 months). Postoperative MRI scans were assessed by 3 independent radiologists. The radiological appearance of bone at the anchor-site was judged by the presence of cyst formation, tunnel widening (> 2 mm) or bone edema...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Jamison M Green, Mark H Getelman, Stephen J Snyder, Joseph P Burns
PURPOSE: To compare patient-reported outcomes and healing rates after open subpectoral and all-arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis without the use of interference screws in patients with more than 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Patients with at least 2 years of follow-up who underwent open subpectoral biceps tenodesis or all-arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis without concomitant rotator cuff repair, labral repair, or Mumford procedure were considered for enrollment in the study...
September 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Nolan S Horner, Seper Ekhtiari, Nicole Simunovic, Marc R Safran, Marc J Philippon, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To (1) report clinical outcomes, complication rates, and total hip arthroplasty (THA) conversion rates for patients age 40 or older who underwent hip arthroscopy, and (2) report any age-related predictors of outcome identified in the literature. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched for relevant studies and pertinent data were abstracted from eligible studies. No meta-analysis was performed because of heterogeneity amongst studies. RESULTS: Seventeen studies were included in this review comprising 16,327 patients, including 9,954 patients age 40 or older...
September 10, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Arpad Konyves
When repairing hip labra arthroscopically, labral anchors seem to have a better trajectory and less risk of joint penetration when placed from the distal anterolateral accessory portal compared with the traditional anterolateral and midanterior portals.
September 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
P D Cowling, M A Akhtar, R Y L Liow
OBJECTIVES: A variety of operative techniques have been described as under the term 'Bristow-Latarjet' procedure. This review aims to define the original procedure, and compare the variation in techniques described in the literature, assessing any effect on clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of 24 studies was performed to compare specific steps of the technique (coracoid osteotomy site, subscapularis approach, orientation and position of coracoid graft fixation and fixation method, additional labral and capsular repair) and detect any effect this variability had on outcomes...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Niels Maagaard, Otto Kraemer, Per Hölmich, Søren Winge, Bent Lund, Martin Lind
Danish Hip Arthroscopy Registry (DHAR) was initiated in 2012 as a web-based prospective registry. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and report the epidemiologic and perioperative data of the first 2000 procedures in a Danish hip arthroscopy population and to describe the development of DHAR. We describe the use of various Patient Related Outcome Measures related to non-arthritic hip patients. The 2000 procedures consisted of 56% females and 44% males. Mean age 37.5 years, mean surgical time was 86.5 min and mean traction time 50...
July 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Ross R Radic, Andrew Wallace
We present a rare case of combined proximal and distal compression of the suprascapular nerve causing supra- and infraspinatus weakness and wasting in a 17-year-old rower. Clinical findings, magnetic resonance imaging and electromyeographic studies confirm this. The case was managed with an arthroscopic approach, consisting of arthroscopic labral repair and decompression of a paralabral cyst, combined with arthroscopic release of the transverse scapular ligament. An excellent result was achieved, with the patient returning to full competitive rowing prior to the 6-month clinical review...
January 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Joshua D Harris
The importance of the acetabular labrum has been increasingly recognized, playing a critical role in both normal anatomy and abnormal pathology of the hip joint. The labrum increases acetabular surface area and volume, providing a stable and durable articulation. The fibrocartilaginous composition affords a tissue capable of a lifetime of normal function in the absence of significant osseous pathology. In the setting of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or dysplasia, bony biomechanics may cause labral injury, which may translate to patient symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Eduardo N Novais, Patrick M Carry, Lauryn A Kestel, Jason Koerner, Gee Mei Tan
Although strategies to reduce bleeding and avoid allogeneic transfusion have been described, there is controversy about the factors associated with blood loss after Bernese periacetabular osteotomy. This study was conducted to determine risk factors for postoperative blood loss. After institutional review board approval was obtained, a retrospective review was conducted of 41 young patients who underwent periacetabular osteotomy for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia over a 3-year period. Of these patients, two-thirds donated blood before surgery...
August 30, 2016: Orthopedics
Brian M Capogna, Michael K Ryan, John P Begly, Kristofer E Chenard, Siddharth A Mahure, Thomas Youm
PURPOSE: To examine clinical outcomes and survivorship in patients aged 60 years or older who underwent hip arthroscopy for management of hip pain. METHODS: Prospectively collected data for patients 60 or older undergoing hip arthroscopy were obtained. All patients were indicated for hip arthroscopy based on standard preoperative examination as well as routine and advanced imaging. Demographic data, diagnosis, and details regarding operative procedures were collected...
August 17, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Przemysław Lubiatowski, Jan Długosz, Marta Ślęzak, Piotr Ogrodowicz, Jakub Stefaniak, Joanna Walecka, Leszek Romanowski
PURPOSE: The evaluation of glenohumeral joint volume in both unstable (with/without laxity) and stable shoulders (subacromial impingement) and volume reduction potential of arthroscopic techniques: (labral anchor repair vs. capsular shift). METHODS: Material was based on 133 patients: anterior shoulder instability without laxity (group I, n = 49), with laxity (group II, n = 22) and subacromial impingement (control group, n = 62) operated in 2010-2011...
August 19, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Joseph W Galvin, Stephen A Parada, Xinning Li, Josef K Eichinger
BACKGROUND: Posterior shoulder instability is less common and potentially more difficult to diagnose clinically and radiographically compared with anterior shoulder instability. Radiographic findings including posterior labral tears, increased retroversion, presence of glenoid dysplasia, and increased capsular area are associated with symptomatic recurrent posterior shoulder instability. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of associated radiographic parameters found on magnetic resonance arthrograms (MRAs) in patients with arthroscopically confirmed isolated posterior labral tears and symptomatic recurrent posterior shoulder instability, compared with an age-matched cohort of patients without posterior instability or labral injury confirmed with shoulder arthroscopy...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Shadpour Demehri, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Elliot K Fishman
The inherently unstable anatomy of glenohumeral (GH) joint predisposes it to shoulder dislocation. Shoulder dislocation can occur either due to acute trauma or due to chronic microtraumas in the setting of underlying morphological abnormality. A plain radiograph is the initial imaging modality for diagnosis and management of shoulder dislocation and its associated osseous abnormalities such as Hill-Sachs deformity or osseous Bankart lesion. However, advanced imaging techniques such as multidetector CT (MDCT) with three-dimensional (3D) volume rendering and MRI can be helpful in further characterization of osseous abnormalities and detection of associated soft tissue injuries, respectively...
August 13, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Nima Mehran, Christos D Photopoulos, Steven J Narvy, Russ Romano, Seth C Gamradt, James E Tibone
BACKGROUND: Injury rates are high for collegiate football players. Few studies have evaluated the epidemiology of surgical procedures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate football players. PURPOSE: To determine the most common surgical procedures performed in collegiate football players over a 10-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: From the 2004-2005 season through the 2013-2014 season, all surgical procedures performed on athletes from a single NCAA Division I college football team during athletic participation were reviewed...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Sung-Jae Kim, Yun-Rak Choi, Min Jung, Jun-Young Park, Yong-Min Chun
PURPOSE: To describe a spinoglenoid cyst decompression technique through a subacromial approach and its clinical outcomes after 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: From March 2008 to October 2013, 26 patients underwent arthroscopic decompression of a spinoglenoid ganglion cyst with and/or without superior labral anterior to posterior repair, and patients who were available for minimum of 2 years of follow-up were included. For functional assessments, the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, subjective shoulder value (SSV), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon (ASES) score, and shoulder active range of motion were used to compare preoperative and postoperative follow-up values...
July 27, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
James A Gillespie, Andrew G Marsh, Sanjeev R Patil
We report the case of a 42-year-old male who suffered a fracture-dislocation of the femoral head. After a closed reduction of the hip, this proceeded to an open reduction with internal fixation of the fractured femoral head, in addition to labral repair and micro-fracture of an articular cartilage defect. After considering the risks to the femoral head blood supply, the trochanteric flip osteotomy was used. This provided ample and safe exposure. At 14 months follow-up, the patient-reported outcome measures are favourable: modified Harris Hip Score (81/100), the non-arthritic hip score (92...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
M Beirer, G H Sandmann, A B Imhoff, S Buchmann
OBJECTIVE: To restore the physiologic anterior and posterior capsular volume to achieve an anatomic central contact point of the glenohumeral articulation and treatment of concomitant glenohumeral injuries due to posterosuperior impingement (PSI). INDICATIONS: Plateauing of clinical improvement despite adequate nonsurgical treatment (for at least 6-12 months). CONTRAINDICATIONS: General contraindications for elective arthroscopic surgery...
July 28, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
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