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Labral repair

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449084/paralabral-cysts-of-the-shoulder-treated-with-isolated-labral-repair-effect-on-pain-and-radiologic-findings
#1
Cecilie P Schrøder, Kirsten Lundgreen, Rune Kvakestad
BACKGROUND: Paralabral cysts emanating from posterosuperior labral tears may compress the suprascapular nerve and induce neuropathy. This study prospectively assessed patients with labral tears and symptomatic paralabral cysts treated with isolated labral repair. Pain relief, time to cyst resolution, reversibility of muscular edema, atrophy, fatty infiltration, and bone erosion were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with symptomatic posterosuperior paralabral cysts were treated with isolated labral repair...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447302/in-throwers-with-posterior-instability-rotator-cuff-tears-are-common-but-do-not-affect-surgical-outcomes
#2
Justin W Arner, Michael P McClincy, James P Bradley
In a previous study, compared with throwing athletes with superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) tears, those with concomitant SLAP tears and rotator cuff tears (RCTs) had significantly poorer outcome scores and return to play. Posterior shoulder instability also occurs in throwing athletes, but no studies currently exist regarding outcomes of these patients with concomitant RCTs. The authors hypothesized that throwing athletes treated with arthroscopic capsulolabral repair for posterior shoulder instability with coexistent rotator cuff pathology would have poorer outcome scores and return to play...
January 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430391/modifications-to-the-hip-arthroscopy-technique-when-performing-combined-hip-arthroscopy-and-periacetabular-osteotomy
#3
Andrea M Spiker, Kate R Gumersell, Ernest L Sink, Bryan T Kelly
In the realm of hip preservation, hip arthroscopy is often used to address intra-articular impingement pathology, whereas periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is used to address dysplasia and instability. Indications to combine these 2 procedures include hip dysplasia and symptomatic instability with a concomitant symptomatic labral tear or the other symptomatic intra-articular pathology (i.e., loose body, chondral flap). The arthroscopic portion of the procedure allows repair of the injured labrum and close inspection of the hip joint, and the PAO addresses undercoverage and/or inappropriate version of the acetabulum...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430388/arthroscopic-labral-repair-in-the-setting-of-recurrent-posterior-shoulder-instability
#4
George Sanchez, Nicholas I Kennedy, Márcio B Ferrari, Sandeep Mannava, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Matthew T Provencher
Posterior shoulder instability, although relatively rare in the general population, is more commonly seen in athletes, especially those in contact sports. Although nonoperative treatment has been associated with satisfactory results in the setting of posterior shoulder instability, conservative management may ultimately fail and lead to recurrence particularly in young, male patients. Both arthroscopic and open repair techniques to address posterior instability have been described, with each showing positive patient-reported outcomes, low risk of recurrence, and considerably high return-to-sport rates...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423255/labral-cuff-refixation-in-the-hip-rationale-and-operative-technique-for-preserving-the-chondrolabral-interface-for-labral-repair-a-case-series
#5
Patrick Finton Carton, David Filan
Arthroscopic labral 'takedown' and refixation is utilized to permit adequate visualization and resection of the acetabular rim deformity, in patients with pincer or mixed femoroacetabular impingement. Deficiencies exist in present techniques, which include disruption of vital anatomical support and vascular structures to the labrum and chondrolabral junction, drill or anchor articular penetration risk, bunching, elevation and instability of the labrum. A new operative technique is described which preserves the important chondrolabral interface, accurately restoring the 'flap seal' of the acetabular labrum while minimizing vascular disruption and reducing the risk of drill and anchor penetration...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416969/-in-round-labral-repair-after-acetabular-recession-using-intermittent-traction
#6
Nathan W Skelley, William K Conaway, Scott D Martin
The prevalence of hip arthroscopy has increased exponentially with the advent of arthroscopic labral repair techniques for femoroacetabular impingement. The goal of arthroscopic labral repair is to re-create the anatomic suction seal of the labrum against the femoral head. This important anatomic relationship has been demonstrated in several biomechanical studies. Performing the acetabular recession and evaluating the congruity of labral repairs during surgery is difficult with the application of traction distracting the femoral head from the chondrolabral junction...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416967/arthroscopic-intra-articular-spinoglenoid-cyst-resection-following-slap-repair
#7
Sreehari C K, Ankit Varshney, Yon-Sik Yoo, Seung-Jin Lee
Spinoglenoid cyst (SGC) is a ganglion arising in the spinoglenoid notch and is thought to be related to SLAP lesion. This cyst often compresses the suprascapular nerve in the spinoglenoid notch. Symptomatic cysts require surgical treatment when conservative treatment fails. In particular, arthroscopic decompression through the torn labral tissue when the cyst is extending into the joint cavity is easy and convenient. However, if the cyst is confined to the spinoglenoid notch, arthroscopic approach through the torn labral tissue is challenging...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413192/editorial-commentary-can-we-achieve-personalized-risk-assessment-in-hip-arthroscopy
#8
EDITORIAL
Thomas Parker Vail
Gender, age, obesity, osteoarthritis, absence of labral repair, and index procedure performed by a lower volume surgeon were identified as risk factors for reoperation in a statewide study of hip arthroscopy. Although this analysis is helpful for benchmarking expectations for outcome in hip arthroscopy, unaccounted patient variables in the database could significantly complicate and confound the point of care application of the findings.
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413190/editorial-commentary-wanted-dead-or-alive-primary-allograft-labral-reconstruction-of-the-hip-is-as-successful-if-not-more-successful-than-primary-labral-repair
#9
EDITORIAL
Thomas Youm
Primary repair of acetabular labral tears has been the gold standard treatment with excellent short to mid-term results. Autograft and allograft labral reconstruction has been described mostly in the revision labral surgery setting with good short-term results. A recent study has compared primary labral reconstruction to labral repair head-to-head in the same patient. Primary labral reconstruction may be a suitable alternative to labral repair in patients with symptomatic labral pathology. Concerns remain, however, about sacrificing living labral tissue for dead allograft tissue for the long term...
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399443/the-floating-labrum-bankart-lesion-repair-with-anterior-capsular-extension-using-2-anterior-working-portals
#10
Allison J Rao, Nikhil N Verma, Scott W Trenhaile
Surgical repair of a Bankart lesion requires thorough recognition of the capsulolabral attachment and adequate visualization for suture anchor repair. The glenoid labrum usually detaches from its capsule and bony attachment anteriorly and inferiorly; however, the labral and capsule detachment can sometimes extend beyond this zone of injury. Identification and repair may require additional viewing and working portals to allow for ease of suture passage and anchor placement. This technique guide describes a case scenario of a Bankart lesion with anterior extension of the capsular tear, repaired with use of 2 anterior working portals...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395556/outcomes-of-arthroscopic-management-of-trochanteric-bursitis-in-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-comparison-of-two-matched-patient-groups
#11
Alexander R Vap, Justin J Mitchell, Karen K Briggs, Shannen C McNamara, Marc J Philippon
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of chronic trochanteric bursitis (TB) in patient being treated for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and determine the effectiveness of arthroscopic bursectomy and iliotibial band lengthening (AB-ITB-L) at the time of hip arthroscopy for FAI. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with primary FAI and chronic TB were included in the study. Patients were included if they underwent hip arthroscopy with labral repair, femoral and/or acetabular osteoplasty, and AB-ITB-L...
January 27, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377721/glenoid-bone-loss-in-posterior-shoulder-instability-prevalence-and-outcomes-in-arthroscopic-treatment
#12
Adam Hines, Jay B Cook, James S Shaha, Kevin Krul, Steve H Shaha, John Johnson, Craig R Bottoni, Douglas J Rowles, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: Glenoid bone loss is a well-accepted risk factor for failure after arthroscopic stabilization of anterior glenohumeral instability. Glenoid bone loss in posterior instability has been noted relative to its existence in posterior instability surgery. Its effect on outcomes after arthroscopic stabilization has not been specifically evaluated and reported. PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the presence of posterior glenoid bone loss in a series of patients who had undergone arthroscopic isolated stabilization of the posterior labrum...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377053/factors-associated-with-failure-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-patients-with-hip-dysplasia
#13
Andrew J Bryan, Kirsten Poehling-Monaghan, Aaron J Krych, Bruce A Levy, Robert T Trousdale, Rafael J Sierra
The purpose of this study was to compare a group of dysplastic hips treated successfully with hip arthroscopy with a group of dysplastic hips treated unsuccessfully with hip arthroscopy to determine (1) preoperative patient characteristics and radiographic parameters and (2) intraoperative findings and treatment associated with outcome. The authors retrospectively reviewed a prospective database of 20 adult patients (17 female, 3 male) with hip dysplasia who underwent primary hip arthroscopy between January 2009 and February 2013...
January 25, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373296/acetabular-all-suture-anchor-for-labral-repair-incidence-of-intraoperative-failure-due-to-pullout
#14
J W Thomas Byrd, Kay S Jones, Cynthia L Loring, Stephanie L Sparks
PURPOSE: To report on the incidence and features of intraoperative anchor pullout in a consecutive series of patients undergoing arthroscopic labral repair of the hip. METHODS: Over an 18-month period, 434 consecutive cases underwent labral repair by a single surgeon with a particular anchor system. The following data were recorded: (1) age and gender of all cases; (2) number of anchors used; (3) number of cases in which intraoperative anchor failure occurred; (4) number of anchors that failed; and (5) age and gender of those cases in which anchor failure occurred...
January 17, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373292/should-acetabular-retroversion-be-treated-arthroscopically-a-systematic-review-of-open-versus-arthroscopic-techniques
#15
REVIEW
Jody Litrenta, Brian Mu, Victor Ortiz-Declet, Austin W Chen, Itay Perets, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To compare patient-reported outcomes, progression of radiographic arthritis, revision rates, and complications for hips with acetabular retroversion treated by open versus arthroscopic methods. METHODS: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched in August 2016 for literature on the open and arthroscopic techniques using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) method. All studies published in the English language that focused on the surgical treatment of femoroacetabular impingement caused by retroversion were included...
January 17, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366559/hip-chondrolabral-mechanics-during-activities-of-daily-living-role-of-the-labrum-and-interstitial-fluid-pressurization
#16
Jocelyn N Todd, Travis G Maak, Gerard A Ateshian, Steve A Maas, Jeffrey A Weiss
Osteoarthritis of the hip can result from mechanical factors, which can be studied using finite element (FE) analysis. FE studies of the hip often assume there is no significant loss of fluid pressurization in the articular cartilage during simulated activities and approximate the material as incompressible and elastic. This study examined the conditions under which interstitial fluid load support remains sustained during physiological motions, as well as the role of the labrum in maintaining fluid load support and the effect of its presence on the solid phase of the surrounding cartilage...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354478/arthroscopic-triple-labral-repair-in-an-adolescent
#17
Eric J Cotter, Rachel M Frank, Scott W Trenhaile
Traumatic glenohumeral dislocations often result in significant injury to the anterior-inferior labrum, most commonly leading to recurrent anterior instability. While in skeletally immature patients, shoulder trauma more commonly results in fracture versus a true dislocation, shoulder instability does occur and can be difficult to manage in the setting of open physes. In any event, the goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of recurrence and allow full participation in activities, including sports. Arthroscopic stabilization has been shown to be an effective treatment option for young patients, with good return to sport rates; however, the vast majority of literature on shoulder instability in the youth patient population focuses on anterior instability...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354424/the-purse-string-procedure-for-recurrent-anterior-glenohumeral-instability-a-simple-technique-to-achieve-bankart-repair-capsular-shift-and-a-good-labral-bumper
#18
Luis Gerardo Natera, Paolo Consigliere, Caroline Witney-Lagen, Juan Bruguera, Giuseppe Sforza, Ehud Atoun, Ofer Levy
Failure of arthroscopic techniques in cases of recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability may result from inadequate treatment of capsular injury. The use of few anchors has been cited as a cause of failure in arthroscopic stabilization techniques. This applies to the use of the suture anchors as spot-welding points in conventional techniques. It has been shown that horizontal mattress suture techniques restore better labral height and anatomy than simple suture techniques in the repair of acute Bankart lesions...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354408/arthroscopic-repair-of-a-circumferential-360%C3%A2-labral-tear
#19
Allison J Rao, Gregory L Cvetanovich, William A Zuke, Quentin Low, Brian Forsythe
Injuries to the glenoid labrum can result in shoulder instability and pain. These lesions may occur anywhere around the glenoid labrum, and thus, the arthroscopist must be prepared to approach all aspects of the glenoid from multiple angles. The pan-labral or circumferential (360°) tear of the glenoid labrum presents a unique challenge to even the experienced arthroscopist. The extent of the lesion requires the use of accessory portals and percutaneous techniques to establish adequate visualization and to facilitate the proper trajectory for anchor placement...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354405/arthroscopic-pancapsular-shift-with-labral-repair-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-shoulder
#20
Salvatore J Frangiamore, Sandeep Mannava, Jonathan A Godin, Jack Anavian, Erik M Fritz, Peter J Millett
Initial treatment of shoulder multidirectional instability (MDI) consists of nonoperative modalities of physical therapy and rehabilitation; if this fails, surgical treatment can become necessary. MDI of the shoulder can be challenging to manage in individuals who fail conservative management. Historically, surgical treatment for MDI has been open capsular plication; however, arthroscopic capsular plication has now become the standard of care, with outcomes similar to the open procedure. The purpose of this article and Video 1 is to describe our arthroscopic technique for pancapsular shift with labral repair...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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