keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plankton

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778938/effects-of-short-and-long-term-exposure-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-silver-ions-to-nitrosomonas-europaea-biofilms-and-planktonic-cells
#1
L K Barker, J R Giska, T S Radniecki, L Semprini
The increasing use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in consumer products, and their resulting influx into wastewater, may pose a threat to biological nutrient removal in wastewater treatment plants. Planktonic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), which convert ammonia to nitrite in the first step of nitrification, are highly sensitive to AgNPs and their released silver ions (Ag+ ), but the sensitivity of AOB biofilms to AgNPs and Ag+ is less clear. This study demonstrated that biofilms of Nitrosomonas europaea, a model AOB, were more resistant to both short-term and long-term exposure to AgNP and Ag+ than planktonic cells...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778677/growth-impacts-of-saharan-dust-mineral-nutrients-and-co-2-on-a-planktonic-herbivore-in-southern-mediterranean-lakes
#2
Manuel Villar-Argaiz, Marco J Cabrerizo, Juan Manuel González-Olalla, Macarena S Valiñas, Sanja Rajic, Presentación Carrillo
Rising levels of CO2 can boost plant biomass but reduce its quality as a food source for herbivores. However, significant uncertainties remain as to the degree to which the effect is modulated by other environmental factors and the underlying processes causing these responses in nature. To address these questions, we carried out CO2 -manipulation experiments using natural seston from three lakes under nutrient-enriched conditions (mimicking eutrophication and atmospheric dust-input processes) as a food source for the planktonic Daphnia pulicaria...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778227/what-are-the-main-environmental-factors-driving-the-development-of-the-neurotoxic-dinoflagellate-vulcanodinium-rugosum-in-a-mediterranean-ecosystem-ingril-lagoon-france
#3
Eric Abadie, Claude Chiantella, Anaïs Crottier, Lesley Rhodes, Estelle Masseret, Tom Berteaux, Mohamed Laabir
Vulcanodinium rugosum, a dinoflagellate developing in Ingril Lagoon (Mediterranean, France) is responsible for shellfish intoxications due to the neurotoxin pinnatoxin G. A one year survey (March 2012-April 2013) was conducted in this oligotrophic shallow lagoon and key environmental parameters were recorded (temperature, salinity and nutrients). The spatio-temporal distribution of V. rugosum in water column and on macrophytes was also determined. Planktonic cells of V. rugosum were observed at all sampling stations, but in relatively low concentrations (maximum of 1000 cell/L)...
May 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778174/development-of-methods-for-establishing-nutrient-criteria-in-lakes-and-reservoirs-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Shouliang Huo, Chunzi Ma, Beidou Xi, Yali Zhang, Fengchang Wu, Hongliang Liu
Nutrient criteria provide a scientific foundation for the comprehensive evaluation, prevention, control and management of water eutrophication. In this review, the literature was examined to systematically evaluate the benefits, drawbacks, and applications of statistical analysis, paleolimnological reconstruction, stressor-response model, and model inference approaches for nutrient criteria determination. The developments and challenges in the determination of nutrient criteria in lakes and reservoirs are presented...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777430/the-artificial-humic-substance-hs1500-does-not-inhibit-photosynthesis-of-the-green-alga-desmodesmus-armatus-in-vivo-but-interacts-with-the-photosynthetic-apparatus-of-isolated-spinach-thylakoids-in-vitro
#5
Matthias Gilbert, Hanno Bährs, Christian E W Steinberg, Christian Wilhelm
Humic substances (HSs) can influence the growth and composition of freshwater phytoplankton assemblage. Since HSs contain many phenolic and quinonic moieties and cause growth reductions in eco-physiological field experiments, HSs are considered photosystem II herbicides. To test this specific mode of action in vivo and in vitro, respectively, we used intact cells of the green alga Desmodesmus armatus, as well as thylakoids isolated from spinach (Spinacia oleracea) as a model system for the green algal chloroplast...
May 18, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776929/antibacterial-effects-of-phage-lysin-lysgh15-on-planktonic-cells-and-biofilms-of-diverse-staphylococci
#6
Yufeng Zhang, Mengjun Cheng, Hao Zhang, Jiaxin Dai, Zhimin Guo, Xinwei Li, Yalu Ji, Ruopeng Cai, Hengyu Xi, Xinwu Wang, Yibing Xue, Changjiang Sun, Xin Feng, Liancheng Lei, Wenyu Han, Jingmin Gu
Treatment of infections caused by staphylococci has become more difficult because of the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains as well as biofilm formation. In this study, we observed the ability of the phage lysin LysGH15 to eliminate staphylococcal planktonic cells and biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus and Staphylococcus hominis All these strains were sensitive to LysGH15, showing reductions in bacterial counts of approximately 4 log units within 30 min after treatment with 20 μg/mL LysGH15, and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranged from 8 μg/mL to 32 μg/mL...
May 18, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775686/the-comparative-efficacy-of-antiseptics-against-candida-auris-biofilms
#7
Ryan Kean, Emily McKloud, Eleanor M Townsend, Leighann Sherry, Christopher Delaney, Brian L Jones, Craig Williams, Gordon Ramage
Candida auris has emerged as a significant clinical entity due to its ability to cause outbreaks within the healthcare setting. A key feature of its nosocomial lifestyle is its ability to transfer between patients, yet little is known about the mechanisms behind this. A panel of C. auris clinical isolates was screened for their planktonic and sessile susceptibilities to skin disinfection challenge using povidone iodine, chlorhexidine and hydrogen peroxide. C. auris biofilms displayed increased tolerance to these strategies compared to planktonic cells...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775283/magnetic-glycol-chitin-based-hydrogel-nanocomposite-for-combined-thermal-and-d-amino-acid-assisted-biofilm-disruption
#8
Eric C Abenojar, Sameera Wickramasinghe, Minseon Ju, Sarika Uppaluri, Alison Klika, Jaiben George, Wael Barsoum, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Carlos A Higuera-Rueda, Anna Cristina S Samia
Bacterial biofilms are highly antibiotic resistant microbial cell associations that lead to chronic infections. Unlike free-floating planktonic bacterial cells, the biofilms are encapsulated in a hardly penetrable extracellular polymeric matrix and, thus, demand innovative approaches for treatment. Recent advancements on the development of gel-nanocomposite systems with tailored therapeutic properties provide promising routes to develop novel antimicrobial agents that can be designed to disrupt and completely eradicate preformed biofilms...
May 18, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773924/mercury-in-the-diatoms-of-various-ecological-formations
#9
Magdalena Bełdowska, Aleksandra Zgrundo, Justyna Kobos
Mercury is a neurotoxin, its main source in the human organism being fish and seafood. The first level in the marine food web is formed of planktonic and benthic photosynthetic microorganisms, which form a biofilm on the surface of the hard bottom (epilithon) or plants (epiphyton). They are carriers of nutritional as well as toxic substances and pass these on to subsequent levels of the trophic web. Their biomass is often dominated by diatoms. This was the basis for the presented study into Hg accumulation in epilithic, epiphytic and planktonic diatoms, which was carried out in 2012-2013 in the coastal zone of the Puck Lagoon and the Gulf of Gdańsk (southern Baltic)...
2018: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772522/bariatric-surgery-drives-major-rearrangements-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-including-the-biofilm-composition
#10
Giuseppina Campisciano, Carolina Cason, Silvia Palmisano, Michela Giuricin, Alessia Rizzardi, Lory Saveria Croce, Nicolo De Manzini, Manola Comar
The intestinal microbiota disequilibrium has been associated with obesity, while the role of the gut mucosal biofilms in this pathology is still unknown. We analysed the changes in the intestinal microbiota of obese patients after bariatric surgery with the aim of disclosing the rearrangement of the biofilm configuration. Although the bariatric surgery drives major rearrangements of the gut microbiota, obese patients maintain the Prevotella enterotype before and after surgery, as shown by normal weight patients, with an increase of Bacteroides vulgatus and Bacteroides uniformis ...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770570/an-adaptive-environmental-effects-monitoring-framework-for-assessing-the-influences-of-liquid-effluents-on-benthos-water-and-sediments-in-aquatic-receiving-environments
#11
REVIEW
Keith M Somers, Bruce W Kilgour, Kelly R Munkittrick, Tim J Arciszewski
Environmental effects monitoring (EEM) has been traditionally used to evaluate the effects of existing facilities discharging liquid effluents into natural receiving waters in Canada. EEM also has the potential to provide feedback to an ongoing project in an adaptive management context, and can inform the design of future projects. EEM, consequently, can and should also be used to test the predictions of effects related to new projects. Despite EEM's potential for widespread applicability, challenges related to the effective implementation of EEM include the use of appropriate study designs, as well as to the adoption of tiers for increasing or decreasing monitoring intensity...
May 16, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770130/bacteriophage-infectivity-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-saline-conditions
#12
Giantommaso Scarascia, Scott A Yap, Anna H Kaksonen, Pei-Ying Hong
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous member of marine biofilm, and reduces thiosulfate to produce toxic hydrogen sulfide gas. In this study, lytic bacteriophages were isolated and applied to inhibit the growth of P. aeruginosa in planktonic mode at different temperature, pH, and salinity. Bacteriophages showed optimal infectivity at a multiplicity of infection of 10 in saline conditions, and demonstrated lytic abilities over all tested temperature (25, 30, 37, and 45°C) and pH 6-9. Planktonic P. aeruginosa exhibited significantly longer lag phase and lower specific growth rates upon exposure to bacteriophages...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766224/stable-and-enriched-cenarchaeum-symbiosum-and-uncultured-betaproteobacteria-hf1-in-the-microbiome-of-the-mediterranean-sponge-haliclona-fulva-demospongiae-haplosclerida
#13
Erika García-Bonilla, Pedro F B Brandão, Thierry Pérez, Howard Junca
Sponges harbor characteristic microbiomes derived from symbiotic relationships shaping their lifestyle and survival. Haliclona fulva is encrusting marine sponge species dwelling in coralligenous accretions or semidark caves of the Mediterranean Sea and the near Atlantic Ocean. In this work, we characterized the abundance and core microbial community composition found in specimens of H. fulva by means of electron microscopy and 16S amplicon Illumina sequencing. We provide evidence of its low microbial abundance (LMA) nature...
May 15, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765621/biofilm-inhibition-and-pathogenicity-attenuation-in-bacteria-by-proteus-mirabilis
#14
Shichen Yu, Xiaoshan Zhu, Jin Zhou, Zhonghua Cai
Biofilms play an important role in the antibiotic resistance of encased bacteria, and biofilm formation is regulated by quorum sensing (QS). Inhibiting the QS system may, therefore, degrade the integrity of a biofilm and expose the bacterial pathogens within it to the deleterious effects of molecules such as antibiotics. Moreover, the use of QS inhibitors (QSIs) may provide a novel approach for treating bacterial infections of aquacultures. In the present study, the bacterium Proteus mirabilis was identified as a potential producer of QSIs...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765085/submarine-canyons-represent-an-essential-habitat-network-for-krill-hotspots-in-a-large-marine-ecosystem
#15
Jarrod A Santora, Ramona Zeno, Jeffrey G Dorman, William J Sydeman
Submarine canyon systems are ubiquitous features of marine ecosystems, known to support high levels of biodiversity. Canyons may be important to benthic-pelagic ecosystem coupling, but their role in concentrating plankton and structuring pelagic communities is not well known. We hypothesize that at the scale of a large marine ecosystem, canyons provide a critical habitat network, which maintain energy flow and trophic interactions. We evaluate canyon characteristics relative to the distribution and abundance of krill, critically important prey in the California Current Ecosystem...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760140/evolution-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-biofilm-and-planktonic-p-aeruginosa-populations-exposed-to-sub-inhibitory-levels-of-ciprofloxacin
#16
Marwa N Ahmed, Andreas Porse, Morten Otto Alexander Sommer, Niels Høiby, Oana Ciofu
The opportunistic Gram-negative pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa , known for its intrinsic and acquired antibiotic resistance, has a notorious ability to form biofilms, which often facilitate chronic infections. The evolutionary paths to antibiotic resistance have mainly been investigated in planktonic cultures and are less studied in biofilms. We experimentally evolved P. aeruginosa PAO1 colony-biofilms and stationary-phase planktonic cultures for seven passages in the presence of sub-inhibitory levels (0.1 mg/L) of ciprofloxacin (CIP) and performed a genotypic (whole bacterial population sequencing) and phenotypic assessment of the populations...
May 14, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758531/capture-swallowing-and-egestion-of-microplastics-by-a-planktivorous-juvenile-fish
#17
Nicolas Christian Ory, Camila Gallardo, Mark Lenz, Martin Thiel
Microplastics (<5 mm) have been found in many fish species, from most marine environments. However, the mechanisms underlying microplastic ingestion by fish are still unclear, although they are important to determine the pathway of microplastics along marine food webs. Here we conducted experiments in the laboratory to examine microplastic ingestion (capture and swallowing) and egestion by juveniles of the planktivorous palm ruff, Seriolella violacea (Centrolophidae). As expected, fish captured preferentially black microplastics, similar to food pellets, whereas microplastics of other colours (blue, translucent, and yellow) were mostly co-captured when floating close to food pellets...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753881/confocal-fluorescence-imaging-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-depth-on-p-gingivalis-and-t-denticola-biofilms
#18
Stephen Rogers, Kiyonobu Honma, Thomas S Mang
BACKGROUND: Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola are both principally implicated in the incidence of both periodontal disease and peri-implantitis. Recent studies have demonstrated that these bacteria exhibit symbiotic growth in vitro and a synergistic virulence in co-infection of animal models. Found at varying depths throughout the biofilm, these bacteria present a significant challenge to traditional antimicrobial treatment modalities. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy ( aPDT ) has yielded high success against bacterial biofilms, namely those found in the oral cavity...
May 10, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753494/biodiversity-and-distribution-of-the-meiofaunal-community-in-the-reef-slopes-of-the-maldivian-archipelago-indian-ocean
#19
Federica Semprucci, Fabrizio Frontalini, Valentina Losi, Eric Armynot du Châtelet, Lucia Cesaroni, Roberto Sandulli, Rodolfo Coccioni, Maria Balsamo
Marine biologists have progressively increased their consciousness of the importance of meiofauna for the benthic domain in both temperate and tropical regions. After the 1998 bleaching, Maldivian reefs (Indian Ocean) have been regarded as a vulnerable ecosystem that must be carefully monitored. Accordingly, an extensive investigation of meiofaunal distribution in the reef slopes of the Maldivian archipelago has been carried out, taking into account geographical position, type of habitat (inner vs. outer slope), inclination and depth gradient...
May 5, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752963/ses-proteins-as-possible-targets-for-vaccine-development-against-staphylococcus-epidermidis-infections
#20
Dorien Hofmans, Laleh Khodaparast, Ladan Khodaparast, Els Vanstreels, Mohammad Shahrooei, Johan Van Eldere, Lieve Van Mellaert
OBJECTIVES: The opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus epidermidis is progressively involved in device-related infections. Since these infections involve biofilm formation, antibiotics are not effective. Conversely, a vaccine can be advantageous to prevent these infections. In view of vaccine development, predicted surface proteins were evaluated on their potential as a vaccine target. METHODS: Immunoglobulins directed against S. epidermidis surface proteins SesB, M, O, Q and R, were used to firstly affirm their surface location...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Infection
keyword
keyword
52181
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"