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Mandible condyle fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732561/open-treatment-of-unilateral-mandibular-condyle-fractures-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
A Rozeboom, L Dubois, R Bos, R Spijker, J de Lange
Since the introduction of rigid internal fixation devices, more and more surgeons favour an open approach to treating condylar fractures of the mandible in adult patients. Different indications for open treatment have been published. Open treatment is associated with surgical complications because of the technique employed. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the studies published exclusively on open treatment, and to summarize the existing open treatment modalities and their clinical outcomes...
October 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706788/post-traumatic-superolateral-dislocation-of-condyle-a-case-series-of-18-condyles-with-review-of-literature-and-a-proposed-classification
#2
REVIEW
Dichen Palmo Bhutia, Divya Mehrotra, Nitin Mahajan, Debraj Howlader, Jagdish Gamit
AIM: The aim is to review the English literature for post-traumatic superolateral dislocation of mandibular condyle (SDMC),discuss their dynamics and clinical management and to propose to modify the existing classification of SDMC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was carried at Pubmed, Sciencedirect, Google and references from reported articles were crosschecked to look for the cases of SDMC from 1969 to 2015 in English language. Also, we have reviewed 11 of our patients with total of 18 superolateral dislocated intact or sagittal split condyles ,who visited our unit in the previous two years...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682875/the-use-of-3d-printed-titanium-mesh-tray-in-treating-complex-comminuted-mandibular-fractures-a-case-report
#3
Junli Ma, Limin Ma, Zhifa Wang, Xiongjie Zhu, Weijian Wang
RATIONALE: Precise bony reduction and reconstruction of optimal contour in treating comminuted mandibular fractures is very difficult using traditional techniques and devices. The aim of this report is to introduce our experiences in using virtual surgery and three-dimensional (3D) printing technique in treating this clinical challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old man presented with severe trauma in the maxillofacial area due to fall from height. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography images revealed middle face fractures and comminuted mandibular fracture including bilateral condyles...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610821/superolateral-dislocation-of-the-intact-mandibular-condyle-report-of-a-rare-case-with-a-review
#4
N Srinath, D N Umashankar, C Naik, J Biradar
Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint, which represents 3% of all dislocated joints reported in the body, occurs when the mandibular condyle is displaced anteriorly beyond the articular eminence. Although anterior dislocation of the mandibular condyle is well documented in the literature, superior, lateral, and posterior dislocation of the condyle is rare. Only a few reports documenting superolateral dislocation with anterior mandible fractures have been published in the past. However such dislocations without any associated fractures are even rarer...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595841/an-atypical-variant-of-superolateral-dislocation-of-the-mandibular-condyle-a-case-report
#5
Kapil Malik, Subhas C Debnath, Apurba K Adhyapok, Kriti Hazarika
Dislocation of the mandibular condyle from the glenoid fossa can occur in anterior, posterior, lateral, and superior directions. Posterior, lateral, and superior dislocations are rare. Superolateral dislocation is seldom encountered in clinical practice. It is generally associated with fracture of the anterior or contralateral side of the mandible. The occurrence of superolateral dislocation of the condyle hooked above the zygomatic arch with an associated fracture of the medial pole of the condyle is rare and has been reported only once in the literature...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429855/coincidence-of-mandibular-fractures-with-isolated-posterior-maxillary-sinus-fractures
#6
Sebastian Blatt, Roman Rahimi-Nedjat, Keyvan Sagheb, Lisa Piechowiak, Christian Walter, Dan Brüllmann
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are no data available to show whether there is a relationship between mandibular fractures and isolated fractures of the posterior and/or lateral walls of the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a coincidence between these fracture patterns. METHODS: Four hundred large volume cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT) of patients with a fracture of the mandible between 2008 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
April 21, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228883/posttraumatic-mandibular-asymmetry-presenting-in-a-young-adult
#7
Mahnaz Sheikhi, Maryam Ghazizadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Salehi
One of the most common sites of injury of the facial skeleton is mandibular condyle. However, it is the least diagnosed site of trauma in the head and neck regions. A trauma to the mandible and specifically condylar zone during childhood, may lead to asymmetry or mandibular bilateral distortion, which is usually manifested in the second decade of life when the etiology is unknown to most people. This report is about an adult male complaining about facial asymmetry with an unknown source. Obvious clicking at the right side and shorter right ramus and condyle's head deviation directed us to a childhood trauma and fracture...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218215/correlation-between-condylar-fracture-pattern-after-parasymphyseal-impact-and-condyle-morphological-features-a-retrospective-analysis-of-107-chinese-patients
#8
Lu Han, Ting Long, Wei Tang, Lei Liu, Wei Jing, Wei-Dong Tian, Jie Long
BACKGROUND: The treatment of the condylar fractures is difficult. Factors that result in the fractures are complex. The objective of this morphometric study was to investigate the relationship between condylar fracture patterns and condylar morphological characteristics. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 107 patients admitted to the West China Hospital of Stomatology for bilateral condylar fractures caused by parasymphyseal impact. The patients were divided into five groups according to the type of condylar fracture...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144599/mandibular-fractures-and-associated-factors-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#9
Srikanth Gadicherla, Prem Sasikumar, Satpal Singh Gill, Manish Bhagania, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution, etiology and type of mandibular fractures in subjects referred to our institution. METHODS: A retrospective study of 689 subjects, during the period from May 2010 to September 2013 with mandibular fractures was conducted. Information on age, gender, mechanism of injury and sites of trauma was obtained from the trauma registry. Data were tabulated and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: A total of 653 subjects had mandibular fractures, out of which 574 were males...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#10
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761388/influence-of-the-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-on-fractures-of-the-mandibular-angle-and-condyle-a-prospective-clinical-study
#11
Arunesh Tiwari, Jeevan Lata, Madan Mishra
AIMS: This study was set out to evaluate the relationship between the presence and absence of unerupted mandibular third molar and fracture of mandibular angle/condyle, and to analyse if prophylactic removal of symptom-free unerupted mandibular third molar is beneficial. METHODS: Hundred patients of mandible fracture were selected randomly irrespective of age, sex, caste, creed and socio-economic status. Data were collected from the patients on the basis of history, clinical examination and radiographs for the following information: age, sex, aetiology of fracture, presence and status of the mandibular third molar and location of mandible fracture...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527388/the-effect-of-extracapsular-injuries-on-growth-and-development-of-the-mandible-condyle-an-experimental-study-in-growing-dogs
#12
Siying Liu, Lei Tian, Mingchao Ding, Yanpu Liu, Guiyu Li, Jinwu Chen, Yin Ding
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of condylar extracapsular injuries on the development of the mandibular condyle and try to find a way to treat condylar hyperplasia by electively using such injuries to restrict the overdeveloped mandibular condyle. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty 6-month-old beagle puppies were divided randomly into five groups: blank control; unilateral fracture to the condylar neck; unilateral fracture to the condylar neck treated with rigid internal fixation; unilateral periosteum injury; unilateral decortication of the condylar neck...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516838/evaluation-of-the-mandibular-function-after-nonsurgical-treatment-of-unilateral-subcondylar-fracture-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#13
Sudheesh K M, Rajendra Desai, Siva Bharani K Sn, Subhalakshmi S
There are no clearly defined guidelines for when an open or closed treatment is indicated for treatment of mandibular condylar fractures. The aim of the study is to analyze the mandibular function after nonsurgical treatment of unilateral subcondylar fractures, in a prospective study. A prospective study was conducted on 30 patients with unilateral mandibular subcondylar fracture undergoing nonsurgical treatment. Clinical and radiographic examinations were done prior to treatment and at 12-month follow-up. Pain, perceived occlusion, mouth opening, protrusion, and horizontal movements of the mandible were evaluated by clinical examination...
September 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281882/-mini-titanium-plate-for-treatment-of-intracapsular-condylar-fractures
#14
Zhiqiang Feng, Xufeng Chen, Fengdi Cao, Qiang Lin, Renfa Lai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of mini titanium plate for the treatment of intracapsular condylar fractures-type A. METHODS: Between March 2013 and July 2015, 22 cases (26 sides) of intracapsular condylar fractures-type A were treated with mini titanium plate through anterior auricular approach. There were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 16 to 32 years (mean, 22.7 years). The disease causes were traffic accident injury in 17 cases, falling injury in 4 cases, and heavy impact injury in 1 case...
March 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274123/preauricular-transmasseteric-anteroparotid-approach-for-extracorporeal-fixation-of-mandibular-condyle-fractures
#15
Rajasekhar Gali, Sathya Kumar Devireddy, Kishore Kumar Rayadurgam Venkata, Sridhar Reddy Kanubaddy, Chaithanyaa Nemaly, Mallikarjuna Dasari
INTRODUCTION: Free grafting or extracorporeal fixation of traumatically displaced mandibular condyles is sometimes required in patients with severe anteromedial displacement of condylar head. Majority of the published studies report the use of a submandibular, retromandibular or preauricular incisions for the access which have demerits of limited visibility, access and potential to cause damage to facial nerve and other parotid gland related complications. PURPOSE: This retrospective clinical case record study was done to evaluate the preauricular transmasseteric anteroparotid (P-TMAP) approach for open reduction and extracorporeal fixation of displaced and dislocated high condylar fractures of the mandible...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162576/a-rare-case-report-of-an-unusual-dislocation-of-fractured-mandibular-condyle
#16
Madan Mishra, Gaurav Singh
Several cases have been reported regarding superolateral, posterior, or superior dislocation of mandibular condyle. The anteromedial dislocation of fractured condyle is the most common among all. This article reports an unusual and unique case of dislocated fractured mandibular condyle wherein the fractured left condylar head was dislocated to the left anatomic angle of mandible. We have not found a single such case in the world English literature published till date. The presented case falls in the rarest of the rare category that will add to our previous knowledge about the types and extent of fracture dislocation of mandibular condyle...
June 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26681862/faciomaxillary-fractures-in-a-semi-urban-south-indian-teaching-hospital-a-retrospective-analysis-of-638-cases
#17
Rajasekhar Gali, Sathya Kumar Devireddy, R V Kishore Kumar, Sridhar Reddy Kanubaddy, Chaithanyaa Nemaly, Mohammed Akheel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The incidence of maxillofacial trauma is increasing at a very fast pace in developing countries like India and poses a major health burden. Hence, the epidemiological data of maxillofacial trauma during a 6 year period, was analyzed to study the characteristics, factors predisposing, and aid in advocating strict guidelines to prevent the same. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data related to 638 cases with maxillofacial trauma, from January 2008 to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively and the data regarding gender, age, etiology, anatomic location of fracture, alcohol consumption, associated head and other injuries, modality of treatment rendered and associated complications were analyzed with descriptive statistics...
October 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26587379/incidence-and-pattern-of-mandibular-fractures-in-rohilkhand-region-uttar-pradesh-state-india-a-retrospective-study
#18
Kolli Yada Giri, Aishwarya Pratap Singh, Ramakant Dandriyal, Niranjanaprasad Indra, Sanjay Rastogi, Sunil Kumar Mall, Shouvik Chowdhury, Himanshu Pratap Singh
AIMS: To understand and evaluate the significance of various aetiological factors in determining the incidence and dictating the patterns of mandibular fractures in Rohilkhand region. METHODS: The patient records and radiographs for 144 patients treated for mandibular fractures were reviewed between the time periods from January 2012 to December 2013. Data on age, gender, aetiology, use of intoxicants, head injury, associated injuries, days of the week, anatomic site and multiple fractures within the mandible were recorded and assessed...
September 2015: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26470008/patterns-of-pediatric-mandible-fractures-in-the-united-states
#19
James A Owusu, Emily Bellile, Jeffrey S Moyer, James D Sidman
IMPORTANCE: The mandible is arguably the most frequently fractured facial bone in children. However, facial fractures are rare in children compared with adults, resulting in few large studies on patterns of pediatric facial fractures. OBJECTIVE: To report the patterns, demographics, and cause of pediatric mandible fractures across the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Emergency Department Sample from January 1 to December 31, 2012, using the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, codes for mandible fractures (802...
January 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26421016/the-relationship-of-the-facial-nerve-to-the-condylar-process-a-cadaveric-study-with-implications-for-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#20
H P Barham, P Collister, V D Eusterman, A M Terella
Introduction. The mandibular condyle is the most common site of mandibular fracture. Surgical treatment of condylar fractures by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) demands direct visualization of the fracture. This project aimed to investigate the anatomic relationship of the tragus to the facial nerve and condylar process. Materials and Methods. Twelve fresh hemicadavers heads were used. An extended retromandibular/preauricular approach was utilized, with the incision being based parallel to the posterior edge of the ramus...
2015: International Journal of Otolaryngology
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