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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805890/effect-of-forage-source-included-in-total-mixed-ration-on-intake-sorting-and-feeding-behavior-of-growing-heifers-fed-high-concentrate-diets
#1
A Madruga, E Mainau, L A González, M Rodríguez-Prado, J L Ruíz de la Torre, X Manteca, A Ferret
The objective of this experiment was to compare the effects of using 2 different forage sources on intake and sorting and feeding behavior in growing heifers fed a high-concentrate diet offered as a total mixed ration (TMR). Eight Simmental heifers (initial BW of 148.1 ± 4.83 kg) were used in a crossover design experiment. Treatment diets were a TMR with either barley straw (BS) or alfalfa hay (AH) as forage source. Diets were offered on an ad libitum basis, with a forage to concentrate ratio of 8 to 92. The experiment was performed in two 28-d periods, with 3 wk of diet adaptation and 1 wk of sampling in each period...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803931/explicit-definitions-of-potentially-inappropriate-prescriptions-of-antibiotics-in-older-patients-a-compilation-derived-from-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Nicolas Baclet, Grégoire Ficheur, Serge Alfandari, Laurie Ferret, Eric Senneville, Emmanuel Chazard, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart
CONTEXT: Potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) of antibiotics (antibiotic-PIPs) are generally detected by applying implicit definitions based on expert opinion. Explicit definitions are less frequently used, even though this approach would enable the automated detection of antibiotic-PIPs in electronic health records. Here, we systematically reviewed explicit definitions of antibiotic-PIPs used in studies of older adults. METHOD: We searched the MEDLINE(®), Scopus(®) and Web of Science(TM) core collection databases with a combination of three terms and their synonyms: "potentially inappropriate prescription" AND "antibiotic treatment" AND "older patients"...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800525/chemical-analysis-and-potential-endocrine-activities-of-aluminium-coatings-intended-to-be-in-contact-with-cosmetic-water
#3
Elias Bou-Maroun, Laurence Dahbi, Marie-Pierre Gomez-Berrada, Philippine Pierre, Sandrine Rakotomalala, Pierre-Jacques Ferret, Marie-Christine Chagnon
The objective of the work was to check the presence of Non-Intended Added Substances (NIAS) with hormonal activities in aluminium coatings extracts coded: AA, BBF, MC and RR, furnished by four different suppliers. Water samples were prepared at room temperature or at 40°C for three months to verify the storage effect on the coatings. Solid phase extraction was used to concentrate and to extract coating substances. Hormonal activities were checked in vitro using reporter gene bioassays. Except BBF, all extracts induced a weak but significant estrogenic agonist activity in the human cell line...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796554/adeno-associated-virus-human-bocavirus-1-chimeric-vectors-ferreting-out-their-role-in-airway-gene-therapy
#4
Terence R Flotte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781033/evidence-based-advances-in-ferret-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Minh Huynh, Lucile Chassang, Graham Zoller
This literature review covers approximately 35 years of veterinary medicine. This article develops the current state of knowledge in pet ferret medicine regarding the most common diseases according to evidence-based data and gives insight into further axis of research. Literature review was conducted through identification of keywords (title + ferret) with Web-based database searching. To appreciate the methodological quality and the level of evidence of each article included in the review, full-text versions were reviewed and questions addressed in the articles were formulated...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775271/mutations-driving-airborne-transmission-of-a-h5n1-virus-in-mammals-cause-substantial-attenuation-in-chickens-only-when-combined
#6
Mathilde Richard, Sander Herfst, Judith M A van den Brand, Dennis de Meulder, Pascal Lexmond, Theo M Bestebroer, Ron A M Fouchier
A/H5N1 influenza viruses pose a threat to human and animal health. A fully avian A/H5N1 influenza virus was previously shown to acquire airborne transmissibility between ferrets upon accumulation of five or six substitutions that affected three traits: polymerase activity, hemagglutinin stability and receptor binding. Here, the impact of these traits on A/H5N1 virus replication, tissue tropism, pathogenesis and transmission was investigated in chickens. The virus containing all substitutions associated with transmission in mammals was highly attenuated in chickens...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774941/transmission-of-mycobacterium-xenopi-to-a-pet-albino-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo-from-a-domestic-aquarium
#7
Natasha Davendralingam, Indran Davagnanam, Mark Frederick Stidworthy, Vicki Baldrey, Laureen Michele Peters, Nadene Stapleton
A three-year-old ferret presented with a three-month history of rapid clinical deterioration necessitating euthanasia shortly after initial veterinary assessment. Postmortem PCR testing confirmed Mycobacterium xenopi which is most commonly identified in amphibians, reptiles and aquatic life. Infection of a captive-bred domestic ferret is highly unusual. A collaborative effort involving medical doctors, clinical veterinarians and veterinary pathologists investigated the potential sources of human-animal, animal-animal and environmental-animal M xenopi transmission...
August 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763273/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-foreign-body-or-stricture-in-three-ferrets-mustela-putorius-furo
#8
Joanna Webb, Jennifer Graham, Margaret Fordham, Julie DeCubellis, Faith Buckley, Joshua Hobbs, Allyson Berent, Chick Weisse
CASE DESCRIPTION 3 ferrets (Mustela putorius furo), aged 1 to 2 years, were referred for evaluation of a 4-day to 2-week history of gastrointestinal signs, including anorexia, regurgitation, and vomiting. CLINICAL FINDINGS All 3 ferrets had clinical signs suggestive of dysphagia or esophagitis on initial examination. Esophagoscopy, barium-contrast esophagography, or both revealed foreign bodies with mucosal inflammation in 1 patient and an esophageal foreign body with stricture in 2 patients. One of the latter ferrets had a recent history of gastrotomy to remove a foreign body...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757521/retrospective-investigation-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-outcome-in-146-exotic-animals
#9
Mamoru Onuma, Hirotaka Kondo, Sadaharu Ono, Akiyoshi Murakami, Tomoko Harada, Tadashi Sano
The outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) were retrospectively evaluated in 146 exotic animals including 20 pet birds, 47 rabbits, 34 hamsters, 18 ferrets, 7 turtles, and 20 other small mammals in cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) at presentation or during hospitalization at an animal clinic. The rates of return of spontaneous circulation, survival after CPR, and discharge were 9.3%, 2.3%, and 1.2%, respectively. The mean success rate of CPR in animals included in this study was lower than those previously reported in dogs and cats...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747502/permissivity-of-dpp4-orthologs-to-mers-coronavirus-is-governed-by-glycosylation-and-other-complex-determinants
#10
Kayla M Peck, Trevor Scobey, Jesica Swanstrom, Kara L Jensen, Christina L Burch, Ralph S Baric, Mark T Heise
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) utilizes dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) as an entry receptor. While bat, camel, and human DPP4 support MERS-CoV infection, several DPP4 orthologs, including mouse, ferret, hamster, and guinea pig, do not. Previous work revealed that glycosylation of mouse DPP4 plays a role in blocking MERS-CoV infection. Here, we test whether glycosylation also acts as a determinant of permissivity for ferret, hamster, and guinea pig DPP4. We find that while glycosylation plays an important role in these orthologs, additional sequence and structural determinants impact their ability to act as functional receptors for MERS-CoV...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740108/replication-of-h9-influenza-viruses-in-the-human-ex-vivo-respiratory-tract-and-the-influence-of-neuraminidase-on-virus-release
#11
Renee W Y Chan, Louisa L Y Chan, Chris K P Mok, Jimmy Lai, Kin P Tao, Adebimpe Obadan, Michael C W Chan, Daniel R Perez, J S Malik Peiris, John M Nicholls
H9N2 viruses are the most widespread influenza viruses in poultry in Asia. We evaluated the infection and tropism of human and avian H9 influenza virus in the human respiratory tract using ex vivo respiratory organ culture. H9 viruses infected the upper and lower respiratory tract and the majority of H9 viruses had a decreased ability to release virus from the bronchus rather than the lung. This may be attributed to a weak neuraminidase (NA) cleavage of carbon-6-linked sialic acid (Sia) rather than carbon-3-linked Sia...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739147/probabilistic-exposure-assessment-of-sun-care-products
#12
M P Gomez-Berrada, A S Ficheux, S Rakotomalala, A C Roudot, P J Ferret
The aim of this study has been to assess the consumption and the exposure to 6 types of sun care products: sunscreen cream, sunscreen milk, sunscreen spray, sunscreen stick, moisturizing cream with SPF and after-sun milk. Consumption data were obtained from 75 clinical safety studies conducted on 3001 subjects: 371 children aged 3-9, 149 children aged 10-14 and 2481 adults aged more than 15. Exposure was assessed using a probabilistic method. Strength of the study include stratification of consumption and exposure data according to sex and age, as well as other important points such as the galenic form, the site of application and the value of the sun protection factor...
July 21, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727058/technical-note-recording-rules-for-behavioral-studies-in-growing-heifers-fed-high-concentrate-diets
#13
A Madruga, E Mainau, L A González, M Rodríguez-Prado, J L Ruíz de la Torre, X Manteca, A Ferret
Continuous recording over 24 h is an accurate method for behavioral measurements in ruminants but is very time-consuming. The aim of this study was to compare different recording rules, in particular continuous recording (CR) with different time samplings (TS) methods, when the behavior of growing heifers housed individually and fed a high-concentrate diet is recorded. Behavior of 8 growing heifers was recorded on 6 non-consecutive days. Continuous recording over 24 h, considered the control treatment, was used to evaluate TS methods by recording all the behaviors that occurred for 60 s at intervals of 2 (S2), 5 (S5), 10 (S10), 15 (S15), 20 (S20) and 30 (S30) min...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713816/effect-of-the-camelid-s-seminal-plasma-ovulation-inducing-factor-%C3%AE-ngf-a-kisspeptin-target-hypothesis
#14
REVIEW
Khalid El Allali, Najlae El Bousmaki, Hassan Ainani, Valérie Simonneaux
Female mammals are classified into spontaneous and induced ovulators based on the mechanism eliciting ovulation. Ovulation in spontaneous species (e.g., human, sheep, cattle, horse, pigs, and most rodents) occurs at regular intervals and depends upon the circulating estradiol. However, in induced ovulators (e.g., rabbits, ferrets, cats, and camelids), ovulation is associated with coitus. In the later, various factors have been proposed to trigger ovulation, including auditory, visual, olfactory, and mechanic stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702928/underuse-of-oral-anticoagulants-and-inappropriate-prescription-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-older-inpatients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Lorette Averlant, Grégoire Ficheur, Laurie Ferret, Stéphane Boulé, François Puisieux, Michel Luyckx, Julien Soula, Alexandre Georges, Régis Beuscart, Emmanuel Chazard, Jean-Baptiste Beuscart
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that the prescription of antiplatelet therapy (APT) is associated with an increased risk of oral anticoagulant (OAC) underuse in patients aged 75 years and over with atrial fibrillation (AF). An associated atheromatous disease may be the underlying reason for APT prescription. The objective of the study was to determine whether the association between underuse of OAC and APT prescription was explained by the presence of an atheromatous disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective, observational, single-centre study between 2009 and 2013 based on administrative data...
July 12, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701401/evaluation-of-the-biological-properties-and-cross-reactive-antibody-response-to-h10-influenza-viruses-in-ferrets
#16
Troy C Sutton, Elaine W Lamirande, Rita Czako, Kanta Subbarao
The recent outbreak of avian origin H10N7 influenza among seals in Northern Europe, and two fatal human infections with an avian H10N8 virus in China, have demonstrated that H10 viruses can spread between mammals and cause severe disease in humans. To gain insight into the potential for H10 viruses to cross the species barrier and identify a candidate vaccine strain, we evaluated the in vitro and in vivo properties and antibody response in ferrets to 20 diverse H10 viruses. H10 virus infection of ferrets caused variable weight loss and all 20 viruses replicated throughout the respiratory tract; however, replication in the lungs was highly variable...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699200/ultrasonographic-features-of-insulinoma-in-six-ferrets
#17
Ruey-Shyuan Wu, Yi-Jing Liu, Che-Chu Chu, Hock Gan Heng, Min-Yuan Chia, Hsien-Chi Wang, Kuan-Sheng Chen
Insulinoma is a functional, insulin-secreting tumor, arising from the beta islet cells of the pancreas. It is one of the most common neoplasms in ferrets and has been associated with clinical signs of hypoglycemia, such as ptyalism, pawing at the mouth, seizures, lethargy, and coma. The ultrasonographic features of insulinoma in ferrets have not been previously reported. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe the ultrasonographic features of confirmed insulinoma in a group of ferrets...
July 11, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698363/corticogeniculate-feedback-sharpens-the-temporal-precision-and-spatial-resolution-of-visual-signals-in-the-ferret
#18
J Michael Hasse, Farran Briggs
The corticogeniculate (CG) pathway connects the visual cortex with the visual thalamus (LGN) in the feedback direction and enables the cortex to directly influence its own input. Despite numerous investigations, the role of this feedback circuit in visual perception remained elusive. To probe the function of CG feedback in a causal manner, we selectively and reversibly manipulated the activity of CG neurons in anesthetized ferrets in vivo using a combined viral-infection and optogenetics approach to drive expression of channelrhodopsin2 (ChR2) in CG neurons...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679462/analysis-of-zp1-gene-reveals-differences-in-zona-pellucida-composition-in-carnivores
#19
C Moros-Nicolás, A Leza, P Chevret, A Guillén-Martínez, L González-Brusi, F Boué, M Lopez-Bejar, J Ballesta, M Avilés, M J Izquierdo-Rico
The zona pellucida (ZP) is an extracellular envelope that surrounds mammalian oocytes. This coat participates in the interaction between gametes, induction of the acrosome reaction, block of polyspermy and protection of the oviductal embryo. Previous studies suggested that carnivore ZP was formed by three glycoproteins (ZP2, ZP3 and ZP4), with ZP1 being a pseudogene. However, a recent study in the cat found that all four proteins were expressed. In the present study, in silico and molecular analyses were performed in several carnivores to clarify the ZP composition in this order of mammals...
July 6, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674309/pathogenic-analysis-of-the-pandemic-2009-h1n1-influenza-a-viruses-in-ferrets
#20
Yoshimi Tsuda, Carla Weisend, Cynthia Martellaro, Friederike Feldmann, Elaine Haddock
The pandemic 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus emerged in humans and caused the first influenza pandemic of the 21st century. Mexican isolates, A/Mexico/4108/2009 (H1N1) (Mex4108) and A/Mexico/InDRE4478/2009 (H1N1) (Mex4487) derived from a mild case and from a cluster of severe cases, showed heterogeneity in virulence in a cynomolgus macaque model. To compare the more pathogenic differences, we generated recombinant viruses and compared their virulence in ferrets. Ferrets infected with recombinant Mex4487 displayed a slightly higher rate of viral replication and severe pneumonia in the early stage of infection...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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