keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ferret

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334159/characterization-of-white-matter-tracts-by-diffusion-mr-tractography-in-cat-and-ferret-that-have-similar-gyral-patterns
#1
Avilash Das, Emi Takahashi
The developmental relationships between gyral structures and white matter tracts have long been debated, but it is still difficult to discern whether they influence each other's development or are causally related. To explore this topic, this study used cats and ferrets as models for species that share similar gyral folding patterns and imaged with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging to compare white matter innervations in homologous gyri and other brain regions. Adult cat and ferret brains were analyzed via diffusion spectrum imaging tractography and homologous regions of interest were compared...
March 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330987/architecture-and-mechanism-of-the-central-gear-in-an-ancient-molecular-timer
#2
REVIEW
Martin Egli
Molecular clocks are the product of natural selection in organisms from bacteria to human and their appearance early in evolution such as in the prokaryotic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus suggests that these timers served a crucial role in genetic fitness. Thus, a clock allows cyanobacteria relying on photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation to temporally space the two processes and avoid exposure of nitrogenase carrying out fixation to high levels of oxygen produced during photosynthesis. Fascinating properties of molecular clocks are the long time constant, their precision and temperature compensation...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326981/oral-malignant-melanoma-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#3
Dario d'Ovidio, Giacomo Rossi, Leonardo Meomartino
Oral malignant melanomas are one of the most common oral malignant neoplasms in dogs but are rare in other domesticated species. This case report describes the clinical manifestations and histological appearance of oral melanoma in a ferret ( Mustela putorius furo). To the authors' knowledge, this is the first published description of a clinical case and histopathological findings of oral melanoma in this species.
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322837/role-of-prostanoid-ep3-1-receptors-in-mechanisms-of-emesis-and-defaecation-in-ferrets
#4
Kelvin K W Kan, Man K Wai, Robert L Jones, John A Rudd
Prostanoid EP receptor agonists are used for a number of clinical indications but may be associated with gastric disturbance. In the present studies we used the ferret and sulprostone (30µg/kg, i.p.) to investigate the role of EP3/1 receptors in mechanisms of emesis and defaecation. The emetic response was antagonized significantly by (+)-(2S,3S)-3-(2-methoxybenzylamino)-2-phenlypiperidine hydrochloride (CP-99,994; 10mg/kg, i.p.; P<0.05), but not by metoclopramide (0.3 and 3mg/kg), ondansetron (0.1 and 1mg/kg), or scopolamine (3mg/kg); promethazine (3mg/kg) potentiated emesis by approximately 82% (P<0...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322707/antiviral-drug-resistant-influenza-b-viruses-carrying-h134n-substitution-in-neuraminidase-laos-february-2016
#5
Tatiana Baranovich, Phengta Vongphrachanh, Pakapak Ketmayoon, Thongchanh Sisouk, Khampheng Chomlasack, Viengphone Khanthamaly, Ha Thuy Nguyen, Vasiliy P Mishin, Henju Marjuki, John R Barnes, Rebecca J Garten, James Stevens, David E Wentworth, Larisa V Gubareva
In February 2016, three influenza B/Victoria/2/87 lineage viruses exhibiting 4- to 158-fold reduced inhibition by neuraminidase inhibitors were detected in Laos. These viruses had an H134N substitution in the neuraminidase and replicated efficiently in vitro and in ferrets. Current antiviral drugs may be ineffective in controlling infections caused by viruses harboring this mutation.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315740/population-based-mri-and-dti-templates-of-the-adult-ferret-brain-and-tools-for-voxelwise-analysis
#6
E B Hutchinson, S C Schwerin, K L Radomski, N Sadeghi, J Jenkins, M E Komlosh, M O Irfanoglu, S L Juliano, C Pierpaoli
Non-invasive imaging has the potential to play a crucial role in the characterization and translation of experimental animal models to investigate human brain development and disorders, especially when employed to study animal models that more accurately represent features of human neuroanatomy. The purpose of this study was to build and make available MRI and DTI templates and analysis tools for the ferret brain as the ferret is a well-suited species for pre-clinical MRI studies with folded cortical surface, relatively high white matter volume and body dimensions that allow imaging with pre-clinical MRI scanners...
March 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304249/diagnosis-and-management-of-polycythemia-vera-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#7
Kim Le, Hugues Beaufrère, Laura L Bassel, Sarah Wills, Delphine Laniesse, Shauna L Blois, Dale A Smith
A 5-y-old female ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was evaluated for diarrhea, anorexia, and lethargy for 1 wk. Only mild dehydration was detected on physical examination. CBC analysis revealed marked erythrocytosis with an unremarkable plasma biochemistry panel; follow-up CBC analyses revealed a consistent primary erythrocytosis. Whole-body radiographs and abdominal ultrasonography were unremarkable except for a small nephrolith in the right kidney and a small cyst in the left kidney. The plasma erythropoietin level was 17...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303960/the-immune-correlates-of-protection-for-an-avian-influenza-h5n1-vaccine-in-the-ferret-model-using-oil-in-water-adjuvants
#8
Sook-San Wong, Susu Duan, Jennifer DeBeauchamp, Mark Zanin, Lisa Kercher, Stephanie Sonnberg, Thomas Fabrizio, Trushar Jeevan, Jeri-Carol Crumpton, Christine Oshansky, Yilun Sun, Li Tang, Paul Thomas, Richard Webby
Because of the pathogenicity and low incidence of avian influenza virus infections in humans, the immune correlates of protection for avian influenza vaccines cannot be determined from clinical studies. Here, we used the ferret model to address this for an avian influenza H5N1 vaccine. Using oil-in-water adjuvants, we generated groups of ferrets with undetectable (geometric mean titer [GMT] < 10), low (GMT = 28.3), or high (GMT > 761.1) hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) titers to the A/Viet Nam/1203/2004 (H5N1) virus...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299201/lyssaviruses-and-rabies-current-conundrums-concerns-contradictions-and-controversies
#9
REVIEW
Charles Rupprecht, Ivan Kuzmin, Francois Meslin
Lyssaviruses are bullet-shaped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses and the causative agents of the ancient zoonosis rabies. Africa is the likely home to the ancestors of taxa residing within the Genus Lyssavirus, Family Rhabdoviridae. Diverse lyssaviruses are envisioned as co-evolving with bats, as the ultimate reservoirs, over seemingly millions of years. In terms of relative distribution, overt abundance, and resulting progeny, rabies virus is the most successful lyssavirus species today, but for unknown reasons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286781/generation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-against-immunoglobulin-proteins-of-the-domestic-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#10
Greg A Kirchenbaum, Ted M Ross
The domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) serves as an animal model for the study of several viruses that cause human disease, most notably influenza. Despite the importance of this animal model, characterization of the immune response by flow cytometry (FCM) is severely hampered due to the limited number of commercially available reagents. To begin to address this unmet need and to facilitate more in-depth study of ferret B cells including the identification of antibody-secreting cells, eight unique murine monoclonal antibodies (mAb) with specificity for ferret immunoglobulin (Ig) were generated using conventional B cell hybridoma technology...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282445/endothelial-cell-tropism-is-a-determinant-of-h5n1-pathogenesis-in-mammalian-species
#11
Smanla Tundup, Matheswaran Kandasamy, Jasmine T Perez, Nacho Mena, John Steel, Tamas Nagy, Randy A Albrecht, Balaji Manicassamy
The cellular and molecular mechanisms underpinning the unusually high virulence of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses in mammalian species remains unknown. Here, we investigated if the cell tropism of H5N1 virus is a determinant of enhanced virulence in mammalian species. We engineered H5N1 viruses with restricted cell tropism through the exploitation of cell type-specific microRNA expression by incorporating microRNA target sites into the viral genome. Restriction of H5N1 replication in endothelial cells via miR-126 ameliorated disease symptoms, prevented systemic viral spread and limited mortality, despite showing similar levels of peak viral replication in the lungs as compared to control virus-infected mice...
March 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282440/h1n1-influenza-viruses-varying-widely-in-hemagglutinin-stability-transmit-efficiently-from-swine-to-swine-and-to-ferrets
#12
Marion Russier, Guohua Yang, Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, Peter Vogel, Bryan S Kaplan, Richard J Webby, Charles J Russell
A pandemic-capable influenza virus requires a hemagglutinin (HA) surface glycoprotein that is immunologically unseen by most people and is capable of supporting replication and transmission in humans. HA stabilization has been linked to 2009 pH1N1 pandemic potential in humans and H5N1 airborne transmissibility in the ferret model. Swine have served as an intermediate host for zoonotic influenza viruses, yet the evolutionary pressure exerted by this host on HA stability was unknown. For over 70 contemporary swine H1 and H3 isolates, we measured HA activation pH to range from pH 5...
March 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279359/ferret-interneurons-defy-expectations
#13
Petr Znamenskiy, Sonja B Hofer
Parvalbumin interneurons in the cortex are believed to pool inputs from most surrounding excitatory cells independent of their functional properties. Response properties of interneurons in columnar visual cortex of ferrets, described by Wilson et al. (2017) in this issue of Neuron, challenge this view.
March 8, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279352/gabaergic-neurons-in-ferret-visual-cortex-participate-in-functionally-specific-networks
#14
Daniel E Wilson, Gordon B Smith, Amanda L Jacob, Theo Walker, Jordane Dimidschstein, Gord Fishell, David Fitzpatrick
Functional circuits in the visual cortex require the coordinated activity of excitatory and inhibitory neurons. Molecular genetic approaches in the mouse have led to the "local non-specific pooling principle" of inhibitory connectivity, in which inhibitory neurons are untuned for stimulus features due to the random pooling of local inputs. However, it remains unclear whether this principle generalizes to species with a columnar organization of feature selectivity such as carnivores, primates, and humans. Here we use virally mediated GABAergic-specific GCaMP6f expression to demonstrate that inhibitory neurons in ferret visual cortex respond robustly and selectively to oriented stimuli...
March 8, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279345/generation-of-a-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-that-elicits-broad-protection-in-mice-and-ferrets
#15
Lulan Wang, Su-Yang Liu, Hsiang-Wen Chen, Juan Xu, Maxime Chapon, Tao Zhang, Fan Zhou, Yao E Wang, Natalie Quanquin, Guiqin Wang, Xiaoli Tian, Zhanlong He, Longding Liu, Wenhai Yu, David Jesse Sanchez, Yuying Liang, Taijiao Jiang, Robert Modlin, Barry R Bloom, Qihan Li, Jane C Deng, Paul Zhou, F Xiao-Feng Qin, Genhong Cheng
New influenza vaccines that provide effective and broad protection are desperately needed. Live attenuated viruses are attractive vaccine candidates because they can elicit both humoral and cellular immune responses. However, recent formulations of live attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIVs) have not been protective. We combined high-coverage transposon mutagenesis of influenza virus with a rapid high-throughput screening for attenuation to generate W7-791, a live attenuated mutant virus strain. W7-791 produced only a transient asymptomatic infection in adult and neonatal mice even at doses 100-fold higher than the LD50 of the parent strain...
March 8, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269035/real-time-algorithms-for-sparse-neuronal-system-identification
#16
Alireza Sheikhattar, Behtash Babadi
We consider the problem of sparse adaptive neuronal system identification, where the goal is to estimate the sparse time-varying neuronal model parameters in an online fashion from neural spiking observations. We develop two adaptive filters based on greedy estimation techniques and regularized log-likelihood maximization. We apply the proposed algorithms to simulated spiking data as well as experimentally recorded data from the ferret's primary auditory cortex during performance of auditory tasks. Our results reveal significant performance gains achieved by the proposed algorithms in terms of sparse identification and trackability, compared to existing algorithms...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251527/oxidative-stress-and-early-dna-damage-in-workers-exposed-to-iron-rich-metal-fumes
#17
Masoud Pandeh, Saedeh Fathi, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Javad Zavar Reza, Lyla Sedghian
Occupational exposure to metal fumes occurs routinely in many occupational settings. The inflammatory response to fumes and metals after exposure could lead to an increase in reactive oxygen species and level of DNA damage. In this study, the level of early DNA damage and oxidative stress was evaluated in a group of steel company (n = 30) and compared to the non-exposed (n = 28) subjects. All DNA damage markers in workers were significantly higher in exposed group in comparison with controls (p < 0...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251235/cold-exposure-down-regulates-immune-response-pathways-in-ferret-aortic-perivascular-adipose-tissue
#18
Bàrbara Reynés, Evert M van Schothorst, Estefanía García-Ruiz, Jaap Keijer, Andreu Palou, Paula Oliver
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) surrounds blood vessels and releases paracrine factors, such as cytokines, which regulate local inflammation. The inflammatory state of PVAT has an important role in vascular disease; a pro-inflammatory state has been related with atherosclerosis development, whereas an anti-inflammatory one is protective. Cold exposure beneficially affects immune responses and, could thus impact the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of one-week of cold exposure at 4°C of ferrets on aortic PVAT (aPVAT) versus subcutaneous adipose tissue...
March 2, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250408/video-rate-volumetric-functional-imaging-of-the-brain-at-synaptic-resolution
#19
Rongwen Lu, Wenzhi Sun, Yajie Liang, Aaron Kerlin, Jens Bierfeld, Johannes D Seelig, Daniel E Wilson, Benjamin Scholl, Boaz Mohar, Masashi Tanimoto, Minoru Koyama, David Fitzpatrick, Michael B Orger, Na Ji
Neurons and neural networks often extend hundreds of micrometers in three dimensions. Capturing the calcium transients associated with their activity requires volume imaging methods with subsecond temporal resolution. Such speed is a challenge for conventional two-photon laser-scanning microscopy, because it depends on serial focal scanning in 3D and indicators with limited brightness. Here we present an optical module that is easily integrated into standard two-photon laser-scanning microscopes to generate an axially elongated Bessel focus, which when scanned in 2D turns frame rate into volume rate...
February 27, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227249/real-time-algorithms-for-sparse-neuronal-system-identification
#20
Alireza Sheikhattar, Behtash Babadi, Alireza Sheikhattar, Behtash Babadi, Behtash Babadi, Alireza Sheikhattar
We consider the problem of sparse adaptive neuronal system identification, where the goal is to estimate the sparse time-varying neuronal model parameters in an online fashion from neural spiking observations. We develop two adaptive filters based on greedy estimation techniques and regularized log-likelihood maximization. We apply the proposed algorithms to simulated spiking data as well as experimentally recorded data from the ferret's primary auditory cortex during performance of auditory tasks. Our results reveal significant performance gains achieved by the proposed algorithms in terms of sparse identification and trackability, compared to existing algorithms...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
keyword
keyword
50278
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"