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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325669/a-pediatric-urology-wish-list-for-spina-bifida-research
#1
EDITORIAL
Jonathan C Routh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322650/parental-feeding-behaviors-and-weight-related-concerns-in-children-with-special-needs
#2
Michele Polfuss, Pippa Simpson, Rachel Neff Greenley, Liyun Zhang, Kathleen J Sawin
Parental feeding behaviors and concern about child weight are associated with obesity among youth who are typically developing. Little is known about this relationship among parents of youth with special needs, despite these children having higher obesity risk. This study used an online survey to explore associations among parental feeding behaviors, parent weight concerns, demographics, and child weight status in a sample of 356 parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, spina bifida, and Down syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295633/neural-tube-closure-and-embryonic-metabolism
#3
REVIEW
Yoshifumi Yamaguchi, Hidenobu Miyazawa, Masayuki Miura
Neural tube closure (NTC) is an embryonic process during formation of the mammalian central nervous system. Disruption of the dynamic, sequential events of NTC can cause neural tube defects (NTD) leading to spina bifida and anencephaly in the newborn. NTC is affected by inherent factors such as genetic mutation or if the mother is exposed to certain environmental factors such as intake of harmful chemicals, maternal infection, irradiation, malnutrition, and inadequate or excessive intake of specific nutrients...
March 13, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295455/cryopreserved-human-umbilical-cord-vs-biocellulose-film-for-antenatal-spina-bifida-repair-in-a-physiologic-rat-model
#4
Saul Snowise, Lovepreet Mann, Yisel Morales, Kenneth J Moise, Anthony Johnson, Stephen Fletcher, Raymond J Grill, Scheffer C G Tseng, Ramesha Papanna
BACKGROUND: Antenatal spina bifida (SB) repair with a regenerative patch may improve neurological outcomes by decreasing inflammatory scarring. OBJECTIVE: To compare cryopreserved human umbilical cord (HUC) and biocellulose film (BCF) patches sutured over SB lesions for regeneration of native cells and inflammatory response. STUDY DESIGN: Sprague-Dawley rats were gavaged with retinoic acid on embryonic day 10 (E 10) to induce SB. Hysterotomy was performed on E20 and HUC or BCF patches sutured over the defect...
March 13, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287588/medical-grade-sterilizable-target-for-fluid-immersed-fetoscope-optical-distortion-calibration
#5
Daniil I Nikitichev, Dzhoshkun I Shakir, François Chadebecq, Marcel Tella, Jan Deprest, Danail Stoyanov, Sébastien Ourselin, Tom Vercauteren
We have developed a calibration target for use with fluid-immersed endoscopes within the context of the GIFT-Surg (Guided Instrumentation for Fetal Therapy and Surgery) project. One of the aims of this project is to engineer novel, real-time image processing methods for intra-operative use in the treatment of congenital birth defects, such as spina bifida and the twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. The developed target allows for the sterility-preserving optical distortion calibration of endoscopes within a few minutes...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286691/spina-bifida-pathogenesis-mechanisms-and-genes-in-mice-and-humans
#6
REVIEW
Siti W Mohd-Zin, Ahmed I Marwan, Mohamad K Abou Chaar, Azlina Ahmad-Annuar, Noraishah M Abdul-Aziz
Spina bifida is among the phenotypes of the larger condition known as neural tube defects (NTDs). It is the most common central nervous system malformation compatible with life and the second leading cause of birth defects after congenital heart defects. In this review paper, we define spina bifida and discuss the phenotypes seen in humans as described by both surgeons and embryologists in order to compare and ultimately contrast it to the leading animal model, the mouse. Our understanding of spina bifida is currently limited to the observations we make in mouse models, which reflect complete or targeted knockouts of genes, which perturb the whole gene(s) without taking into account the issue of haploinsufficiency, which is most prominent in the human spina bifida condition...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285380/urological-outcomes-of-myelomeningocele-and-lipomeningocele
#7
REVIEW
Yvonne Y Chan, Samantha K Sandlin, Eric A Kurzrock
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spina bifida is caused by incomplete neural tube closure during the first trimester. This condition may lead to bowel and bladder dysfunction as well as truncal weakness and motor anomalies. Presentations vary between myelomeningoceles and lipomeningoceles and may result in different outcomes. This review seeks to explore our current understanding of the variations in outcomes between individuals with myelomeningocele and lipomeningocele. RECENT FINDINGS: Prenatal intervention has become a standard of care for prenatal diagnoses of myelomeningocele and has been shown to reduce shunt placement and improve motor skills...
May 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283076/prevalence-of-thoracic-vertebral-malformations-in-french-bulldogs-pugs-and-english-bulldogs-with-and-without-associated-neurological-deficits
#8
R Ryan, R Gutierrez-Quintana, G Ter Haar, Steven De Decker
Congenital vertebral malformations are common incidental findings in small breed dogs. This retrospective observational study evaluated the type and prevalence of thoracic vertebral malformations in 171 neurologically normal and 10 neurologically abnormal screw-tailed brachycephalic dogs. Neurologically normal dogs underwent CT for reasons unrelated to spinal disease, while affected dogs underwent MRI. Imaging studies were reviewed and vertebral malformations including hemivertebrae, block vertebrae, transitional vertebrae, and spina bifida were documented...
March 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277363/fetoscopic-open-neural-tube-defect-repair-development-and-refinement-of-a-two-port-carbon-dioxide-insufflation-technique
#9
Michael A Belfort, William E Whitehead, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Zhoobin H Bateni, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Olutoyin A Olutoye, David G Mann, Jimmy Espinoza, Erin Williams, Timothy C Lee, Sundeep G Keswani, Nancy Ayres, Christopher I Cassady, Amy R Mehollin-Ray, Magdalena Sanz Cortes, Elena Carreras, Jose L Peiro, Rodrigo Ruano, Darrell L Cass
OBJECTIVE: To describe development of a two-port fetoscopic technique for spina bifida repair in the exteriorized, carbon dioxide-filled uterus and report early results of two cohorts of patients: the first 15 treated with an iterative technique and the latter 13 with a standardized technique. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study (2014-2016). All patients met Management of Myelomeningocele Study selection criteria. The intraoperative approach was iterative in the first 15 patients and was then standardized...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276201/rare-deleterious-variants-in-grhl3-are-associated-with-human-spina-bifida
#10
Philippe Lemay, Patrizia De Marco, Alexandre Emond, Dan Spiegelman, Alexandre Dionne-Laporte, Sandra Laurent, Elisa Merello, Andrea Accogli, Guy A Rouleau, Valeria Capra, Zoha Kibar
Neural tube defects (NTDs), including spina bifida, are among the most common birth defects caused by failure of neural tube closure during development. They have a complex etiology involving largely undetermined environmental and genetic factors. Previous studies in mouse models have implicated the transcription factor Grhl3 as an important factor in the pathogenesis of spina bifida. In the present study, we conducted a re-sequencing analysis of GRHL3 in a cohort of 233 familial and sporadic cases of spina bifida...
March 8, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266009/a-detailed-musculoskeletal-study-of-a-fetus-with-anencephaly-and-spina-bifida-craniorachischisis-and-comparison-with-other-cases-of-human-congenital-malformations
#11
Malak A Alghamdi, Janine M Ziermann, Lydia Gregg, Rui Diogo
Few descriptions of the musculoskeletal system of humans with anencephaly or spina bifida exist in the literature. Even less is published about individuals in which both phenomena occur together, i.e. about craniorachischisis. Here we provide a detailed report on the musculoskeletal structures of a fetus with craniorachischisis, as well as comparisons with the few descriptions for anencephaly and with musculoskeletal anomalies found in other congenital malformations. We focused in particular on the comparison with trisomies 13, 18, and 21 because neural tube defects have been associated with such chromosomal defects...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265330/u-s-vs-canadian-perspective-on-transition-of-care-for-spina-bifida-patients
#12
Hadley M Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265329/the-transition-process-of-spina-bifida-patients-to-adult-centred-care-an-assessment-of-the-canadian-urology-landscape
#13
REVIEW
Amy Wajchendler, Peter Anderson, Martin A Koyle
INTRODUCTION: Due to medical advances over the past three decades, the vast majority of children with spina bifida (SB) now survive into adulthood. As a result, there is a need to implement a well-defined urological transition process for these patients from the pediatric to adult environment. The objective of this study was to identify and analyze the current medical practices employed and the attitudes regarding transition by Canadian pediatric urologists caring for the SB population...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265107/use-of-sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-overlapping-constipation-and-fecal-incontinence
#14
Gouri Sreepati, Toyia James-Stevenson
BACKGROUND Fecal incontinence and constipation are common gastrointestinal complaints, but rarely occur concurrently. Management of these seemingly paradoxical processes is challenging, as treatment of one symptom may exacerbate the other. CASE REPORT A 51-year-old female with lifelong neurogenic bladder secondary to spina bifida occulta presented with progressive symptoms of daily urge fecal incontinence as well as hard bowel movements associated with straining and a sensation of incomplete evacuation requiring manual disimpaction...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254429/normal-language-in-abnormal-brains
#15
REVIEW
Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini
There is little doubt that, in the adult, specific brain lesions cause specific language deficits. Yet, brain localizations of linguistic functions are made problematic by several reported cases of normal language in spite of major brain anomalies, mostly, but not exclusively, occurring early in life. The signal cases are hydrocephaly, spina bifida and hemispherectomy. These cases are discussed and possible solutions are suggested: namely a vast redundancy of neurons and/or the role of microtubules as neuron-internal processors and key factors in signaling and guiding the growth and reconfiguration of the brain...
February 27, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247084/anatomy-of-the-sacral-hiatus-and-its-clinical-relevance-in-caudal-epidural-block
#16
Hassan Bagheri, Figen Govsa
PURPOSE: Caudal epidural anesthesia (CEB) is widely used for the prevention of chronic lower back pain, the control of intraoperative analgesia such as genitourinary surgery and labor pain cases in sacral epidural space approach for the implementation of analgesia. CEB is an anesthetic solution used into the sacral canal via sacral hiatus (SH). For optimal access into the sacral epidural space, detailed anatomical landmarks of SH are required. This study aims at exploring the anatomical structures and differences of the SH by using the sacral bone as a guide point to failure criteria for reviewing the caudal epidural anesthesia and improving the criteria for success in practice...
February 28, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247078/congenital-double-level-cervical-spondylolysis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Norio Yamamoto, Takaaki Miki, Yoshihisa Nasu, Akihiro Nishiyama, Tomoyuki Dan'ura, Yuzuru Matsui, Toshifumi Ozaki
PURPOSE: We report a rare Japanese female who was affected with three genetic-linked diseases: double-level cervical bilateral spondylolysis in association with spina bifida occulta, cleft lip and monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the right proximal femur. The case was considered to be congenital in origin. We also review the pertinent literature of cervical spondylolysis, with a focus on the pathogenesis of multiple-level cervical spondylolysis. METHODS: A 40-year-old female presented with progressive clumsiness and numbness of the hands...
February 28, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244950/anesthetic-management-for-percutaneous-minimally-invasive-fetoscopic-surgery-of-spina-bifida-aperta-a-retrospective-descriptive-report-of-clinical-experience
#18
Christoph Arens, Christian Koch, Mirko Veit, Robert Steven Greenberg, Christoph Lichtenstern, Markus Alexander Weigand, Anastasiia Khaleeva, Rainer Schuerg, Thomas Kohl
Minimally invasive fetoscopic surgery for spina bifida aperta is a new therapeutic approach to preserve neurologic function by protecting exposed neural tissue. The anesthetic management is of paramount importance for the success of the procedure. Therefore, our protocol was developed with particular attention to safe and adequate maternal and fetal anesthesia, sufficient uterine relaxation as well as prevention of pulmonary edema, placental abruption, and spontaneous labor. As illustrated by this retrospective analysis of 61 cases, these goals can be reliably achieved...
February 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241750/erratum-to-the-influence-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-on-bacterial-resistance-in-urinary-tract-infections-in-children-with-spina-bifida
#19
Sebastiaan Hermanus Johannes Zegers, Jeanne Dieleman, Tjomme van der Bruggen, Jan Kimpen, Catharine de Jong-de Vos van Steenwijk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236314/non-visualization-of-choroid-plexus-of-the-fourth-ventricle-as-a-first-trimester-predictor-of-posterior-fossa-anomalies-and-chromosomal-defects-a-three-dimensional-ultrasound-study
#20
P Martinez-Ten, T Illescas, B Adiego, M Estevez, C Bermejo, A E Wong, W Sepulveda
OBJECTIVE: To assess non-visualization of the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle (CP-IVV) as a simple, qualitative, and reproducible first-trimester ultrasound feature of the posterior fossa that predicts brain anomalies and chromosomal defects. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound datasets of the fetal brain were prospectively obtained from 65 consecutive singleton, normal first-trimester fetuses and retrospectively from 27 fetuses identified as having an abnormal fetal posterior fossa on the first-trimester scan, which were randomly included in the final study group...
February 25, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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