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Spina bifida

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229802/renal-transplant-in-patients-with-abnormal-bladder-impact-of-causes-on-graft-function-and-survival
#1
Baher M Salman, Ahmed I Hassan, Sultan M Sultan, Paul R Tophill, Ahmed M Halawa
OBJECTIVES: Successful kidney transplant depends partly on the normal physiologic functioning of the bladder, which involves effective urine storage and emptying. The bladder may become abnormal owing to various urologic and neuropathic disorders. Patients with abnormal bladders need careful management before and after transplant. In this study, we aimed to determine the outcomes of renal transplants in relation to various causes of abnormal bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 25 patients with abnormal bladder who received 30 renal transplants between 1990 and 2014...
February 23, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228912/anatomical-variation-t1-spina-bifida-occulta-radiological-findings
#2
Guglielmo Manenti, Riccardo Iundusi, Eliseo Picchi, Salvatore Marsico, Adolfo D'Onofrio, Giorgia Rossi, Umberto Tarantino, Roberto Floris
We report a 26-year-old male patient who was admitted to our emergency department after a traffic accident and who suffered from neck pain. We have found accidentally a dorsal spinous process schisis, a very rare vertebral abnormality, that we recognized in the X-rays imaging performed for the study of the lung parenchyma.
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208935/mature-teratoma-at-left-lumbar-region-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#3
Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey
Common location of teratomas in children are sacrococcygeal, gonadal, mediastinal and retroperitoneal, but teratomas may also occur at very unusual locations. A six-month-old boy presented with a large swelling at his left lumbar region. He presented with gradually increasing lump at his back, involving more on left lumbar region and midline since birth. Clinical examination revealed a solitary, non-tender, soft to firm, irregular mass, occupying more on his left lumbar and midline region and also crossing the midline...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206781/cognitive-control-and-associated-neural-correlates-in-adults-with-spina-bifida-myelomeningocele
#4
Ashley L Ware, Paulina A Kulesz, Jenifer Juranek, Paul T Cirino, Jack M Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: Accelerated aging can occur in adult survivors of neurodevelopmental disorders, but has been narrowly studied in spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM). Since discrete aspects of cognitive control and related neural network macrostructure deteriorate in normal aging, the specificity and trajectory of cognition and neuropathology incurred across adulthood in SBM were examined. METHOD: Adults (N = 120) with and without SBM completed working memory span and manipulation tasks, and an inhibitory control task...
February 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185308/medical-cost-savings-in-sakado-city-and-worldwide-achieved-by-preventing-disease-by-folic-acid-fortification
#5
REVIEW
Yasuo Kagawa, Mami Hiraoka, Mitsuyo Kageyama, Yoshiko Kontai, Mayumi Yurimoto, Chiharu Nishijima, Kaori Sakamoto
The introduction of mandatory fortification of grains with folate in 1998 in the United States resulted in 767 fewer spina bifida cases annually and a cost savings of $603 million per year. However, far more significant medical cost savings result from preventing common diseases, including myocardial infarction, stroke, dementia and osteoporosis. A cost-effectiveness analysis showed a gain of 266,649 quality-adjusted life-years and $3.6 billion saved annually, mainly due to the reduction of cardiac infarction...
February 9, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177882/time-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-neural-tube-defects-in-liaoning-province-china-2006-2015-a-population-based-study
#6
Tie-Ning Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Yan-Ling Chen, Qi-Jun Wu, Yuan Zhang, Cheng-Zhi Jiang, Jing Li, Li-Li Li, Chen Zhou, Yan-Hong Huang
To evaluate the time trends in the prevalence of neural tube defects and all their subtypes as well as to identify the epidemiological characteristics of these malformations documented in the Liaoning Province of northeast China from 2006 to 2015. This was a population-based observational study using data from 3,248,954 live births as well as from 6217 cases of neural tube defects, 1,600 cases of anencephaly, 2,029 cases of spina bifida, 404 cases of encephalocele, and 3,008 cases of congenital hydrocephalus from 14 cities in Liaoning Province from 2006 to 2015...
February 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149141/are-transitional-vertebra-and-spina-bifida-occulta-related-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-and-clinical-parameters-in-young-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#7
Emine Eda Kurt, Aysegul Kuçukali Turkyilmaz, Yeliz Dadali, Hatice Rana Erdem, Figen Tuncay
OBJECTIVE: Lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV) and spina bifida occulta (SBO) are widespread within the lumbosacral spine. Their connection to lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and/or lower back pain has been debated in the current literature; however, there is no consensus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the frequency of LSTV and SBO with that of LDH among young patients with chronic lower back pain. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
October 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148902/prevalence-and-time-trends-of-spina-bifida-in-fourteen-cities-located-in-the-liaoning-province-of-northeast-china-2006-2015
#8
Gen Ba, Qi-Jun Wu, Yan-Ling Chen, Yan-Hong Huang, Ting-Ting Gong
The present study sought to assess the time trends of spina bifida on the basis of cases identified by the Liaoning Birth Defects Registry in 14 cities from 2006 to 2015. We calculated the prevalence of spina bifida, percent and average change of time trends, and contribution rates of each city. Poisson regression model was used to find the line of best fit for spina bifida prevalence by year, with year as a continuous independent variable. From 2006 to 2015, a total of 2,029 spina bifida cases were identified from 3,248,954 live births (6...
January 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135033/reverse-thermal-gel-for-in-utero-coverage-of-spina-bifida-defects-an-innovative-bioengineering-alternative-to-open-fetal-repair
#9
Ahmed I Marwan, Sarah M Williams, James R Bardill, Jane Gralla, Noraishah M Abdul-Aziz, Daewon Park
Current state-of-the-art management of open spina bifida defects entails an open fetal surgery approach associated with significant morbidities. In an attempt to reduce these risks and provide for an earlier minimally invasive repair, it is aimed to develop and characterize an innovative alternative using a unique reverse thermal gel. This study focuses on characterization of the physical and biological properties of the polymer and its in vivo applicability. Based on the knowledge and benchmarking, the "ideal" biomaterial should have the following characteristics: stability in amniotic fluid, limited permeability, biocompatibility, biologically functional, nontoxic, ability to support cellular functions, and in vivo applicability...
January 30, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131501/all-incontinence-is-not-created-equal-impact-of-urinary-and-fecal-incontinence-on-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-spina-bifida
#10
Konrad M Szymanski, Mark P Cain, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Rosalia Misseri
PURPOSE: We previously reported that the self-reported amount of urinary incontinence is the main predictor of lower health related quality of life in adults with spina bifida. In this study we sought to determine the impact of fecal incontinence on health related quality of life after correcting for urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An international sample of adults with spina bifida was surveyed online in 2013 to 2014. We evaluated fecal incontinence in the last 4 weeks using clean intervals (less than 1 day, 1 to 6 days, 1 week or longer, or no fecal incontinence), amount (a lot, medium, a little or none), number of protective undergarments worn daily and similar variables for urinary incontinence...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112560/evaluating-stone-free-status-following-percutaneous-stone-procedures-in-patients-with-spina-bifida-do-anatomical-factors-play-a-role
#11
Rajeev Chaudhry, Katherine Theisen, Heidi Stephany, Francis Schneck, Glenn Cannon, Michael C Ost
PURPOSE: Percutaneous stone surgery can be challenging in spina bifida (SB) patients due to their body habitus and spinal cord anomalies. A safe surgical approach may necessitate acceptance of lower stone-free rates. We seek to determine if anatomic complexity, as measured by spinal cord curvature and torso length, is associated with stone-free rates after percutaneous stone surgery in SB patients. We hypothesize that increasing anatomic complexity is associated with lower stone-free rates following percutaneous stone surgery...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111207/mobility-hydrocephalus-and-quality-of-erections-in-men-with-spina-bifida
#12
J D Roth, R Misseri, M P Cain, K M Szymanski
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about erectile dysfunction (ED) among men with spina bifida (SB). The goal of this study was to determine quality of erections and possible factors affecting erections in this population. It was hypothesized that men who ambulate and do not have a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) are more likely to have erections sufficient for intercourse. METHODS: An online survey was administered over an 18-month period to men aged ≥18 years and with SB...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100193/long-time-sickness-absence-among-parents-of-pre-school-children-with-cerebral-palsy-spina-bifida-and-down-syndrome-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Idunn Brekke, Elena Albertini Früh, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Henrik Holmstrøm
BACKGROUND: Taking care of a child with special needs can be draining and difficult and require a lot of parental time and resources. The present study investigated the long-term sickness absence of parents who have children with spina bifida, cerebral palsy and Down syndrome compared to that of parents without a child with special needs. METHODS: The sample consisted of primiparae women who gave birth between 2001 and 2005 and the fathers of the children (N = 202,593)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100097/spina-bifida-and-lower-limb-amputation-in-northern-ireland-a-retrospective-study-of-demographics-and-outcome
#14
Lorraine Graham
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida is an uncommon cause for lower limb amputation. The causes and level of amputation and mobility outcome for these patients have not been reported previously. CASE DESCRIPTION: To identify the causes and level of amputation and the mobility outcome for amputee patients with spina bifida. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Chart review of patients identified by computer as having an amputation secondary to neurological or congenital cause...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096909/further-thoughts-on-transition-of-care-for-spina-bifida-patients-experiences-in-bc
#15
Cyrus Chehroudi, Andrew MacNeily
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093858/parent-perceptions-of-health-promotion-for-school-age-children-with-spina-bifida
#16
Brenda L Luther, Becky J Christian
PURPOSE: To gain insight into how parents develop their beliefs of health promotion for their children with spina bifida (SB) and how they develop and promote health promotion practices for their children. DESIGN: Qualitative, exploratory design with semi-structured interviews of parents of children between 6 and 12 years of age diagnosed with SB was used for this study. RESULTS: Perceptions of health promotion were maintaining healthy bowel function and managing SB care...
January 16, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073959/surrogate-pregnancy-after-prenatal-diagnosis-of-spina-bifida
#17
Lynnette J Mazur, Mary Kay Kisthardt, Helen H Kim, Laura M Rosas, John D Lantos
Some pregnancies today involve infertile individuals or couples who contract with a fertile woman to carry a pregnancy for them. The woman who carries the pregnancy is referred to as a "gestational carrier." The use of such arrangements is increasing. Most of the time, these arrangements play out as planned; sometimes, however, problems arise. This article discusses a case in which a fetal diagnosis of spina bifida led the infertile couple to request that the gestational carrier terminate the pregnancy, and the gestational carrier did not wish to do so...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065810/risk-factors-associated-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-in-neurogenic-bladders-managed-by-clean-intermittent-catheterization
#18
Rajeev Chaudhry, Zarine R Balsara, Ramiro J Madden-Fuentes, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh, Patrick Seed, Sherry S Ross
INTRODUCTION: Patients with neurogenic bladder secondary to spina bifida or tethered cord are at increased risk of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI). Our objective was to identify risk factors for recurrent UTI in these patients who perform clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). METHODS: A six year retrospective chart review of patients with spina bifida or tethered cord who perform CIC (age 8 mos-58 yrs) was conducted. A strict case definition for UTI was applied, and per subject UTI events, demographic, and clinical data were abstracted...
January 5, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062917/the-enteric-nervous-system-and-the-musculature-of-the-colon-are-altered-in-patients-with-spina-bifida-and-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Marjanne den Braber-Ymker, Martin Lammens, Michel J A M van Putten, Iris D Nagtegaal
Neurogenic bowel dysfunction occurs in a large percentage of adult patients with spina bifida (SB) and spinal cord injury (SCI), significantly affecting their quality of life. Although bowel motility is autonomously regulated by the enteric nervous system (ENS), disruption of the modulation of the ENS by extrinsic innervation as present in many patients with SB and SCI might lead to motility disorders. In order to gain insight in the pathophysiology, we studied histological changes of the neuromuscular structures in the colon of SB and SCI patients...
February 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060217/self-management-behaviors-of-children-with-spina-bifida
#20
Wendy R Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
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