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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#1
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245098/the-pit-bull-attack-causing-limb-threatening-vascular-trauma-a-case-series
#2
Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Christi Ramsingh, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal human dog bites are commonplace amongst animal attacks on human beings and these present with mainly skin and soft tissue injuries. However, they can also present with life threatening head and neck injuries, massive soft tissue trauma, as well as combined orthopedic and vascular extremity injuries where a high possibility of limb loss exists. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We present two adult dog bite victims with multiple bites inflicted by large canines identified as Pit-Bull Terriers...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244990/clinical-and-epidemiological-profile-of-breast-cancer-in-mexico-results-of-the-seguro-popular
#3
Nancy Reynoso-Noverón, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Claudia Arce-Salinas, Juan Matus-Santos, María Teresa Ramírez-Ugalde, Alberto Alvarado-Miranda, Paula Cabrera-Galeana, Abelardo Meneses-García, Fernando Lara-Medina, Enrique Bargalló-Rocha, Alejandro Mohar
Purpose One half of the Mexican population lacks comprehensive health care coverage. In 2003, a reform to the General Health Law was approved that led to the creation of the System of Social Protection in Health and made universal health coverage mandatory. The main innovation of this reform was Seguro Popular, which provided coverage for breast cancer. Here we report the outcomes of women with breast cancer treated at a cancer center in Mexico under Seguro Popular. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective cohort study that included all patients with breast cancer treated in the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in Mexico City between January 2007 and December 2013 with Seguro Popular coverage...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244895/forensic-use-of-the-piracatinga-fish-callophysius-macropterus-to-locate-and-identify-human-remains-retrieved-from-the-amazon-river
#4
Erik L Jennings Simões
Piracatinga (Callophysius macropterus) are a type of bottom feeder catfish encountered in the Amazon River and its tributaries. We report two cases in which human remains were first located based on a characteristic circular distortion of the surface of the river that the Piracatinga make while they feed. Human skin samples of one of the victims recovered from the Piracatinga digestive tract were subjected to mitochondrial DNA analysis that allowed identification of the body of Case 1; the family recognized body parts of Case 2...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244723/an-online-mfl-sensing-method-for-steel-pipe-based-on-the-magnetic-guiding-effect
#5
Jianbo Wu, Hui Fang, Xiaoming Huang, Hui Xia, Yihua Kang, Chaoqing Tang
In order to improve the sensitivity of online magnetic flux leakage (MFL) testing for steel pipe, a sensing method based on the magnetic guiding effect is proposed and investigated in this paper. Compared to the conventional contact sensing method using a non-ferromagnetic support, the proposed method creatively utilizes a ferromagnetic one to guide more magnetic flux to leak out. Based on Hopkinson's law, the principle of the magnetic guiding effect of the ferromagnetic support is theoretically illustrated...
December 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243759/an-insight-into-the-photodynamic-approach-versus-copper-formulations-in-the-control-of-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-actinidiae-in-kiwi-plants
#6
Vânia Jesus, Diana Martins, Tatiana Branco, Nádia Valério, Maria G P M S Neves, Maria A F Faustino, Luís Reis, Esther Barreal, Pedro P Gallego, Adelaide Almeida
In the last decade, the worldwide production of kiwi fruit has been highly affected by Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), a phytopathogenic bacterium; this has led to severe economic losses that are seriously affecting the kiwi fruit trade. The available treatments for this disease are still scarce, with the most common involving frequently spraying the orchards with copper derivatives, in particular cuprous oxide (Cu2O). However, these copper formulations should be avoided due to their high toxicity; therefore, it is essential to search for new approaches for controlling Psa...
December 15, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243713/the-gdc-a-law-unto-itself
#7
M Armstrong, P Ward
The following two pieces are published here to help highlight the parlous state of affairs between the British Dental Association ([BDA] the dental profession) and its regulator, the General Dental Council (GDC). The first piece by Mick Armstrong details the background to one of the letters he sent to Mr William Moyes, Chair of the GDC and provides a link to rest of the lengthy correspondence. The second piece by BDA Chief Executive Peter Ward questions how autonomous the GDC can actually be under the law and asks whether such a body is in fact acting without the law...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243472/preliminary-ethical-appraisal-of-a-trial-what-s-it-all-about
#8
Helena Siipi
Preliminary ethical appraisal of medical trials is often based on the following four principles: respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Preliminary ethical appraisal should, however, not be understood solely as application of these four principles to practice. Ethical committees will inevitably interpret the principles and make decisions about their reciprocal importance in connection with each trial. Reasoning does not always proceed from above towards practical recommendations of action, but can instead also be based on a moral rule or practice relating to a certain action...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243444/-analysis-of-difficult-problems-on-european-union-laws-and-regulations-of-traditional-herbal-medicinal-products
#9
Li-Ping Qu, Xiao-Qun Zhang, Yan Xiong, Yi-Tao Wang, Wen-Jun Zou
Registration of Chinese patent medicine in European Union (EU) is of great significance to the internationalization of traditional Chinese medicine as EU market acts as an important position in the global botanical market. In retrospect, the domestic studies on EU regulations of traditional herbal medicinal products have been conducted for more than 10 years, but there is still some cognitive bias and lack of research. In this paper, a review of the relevant research progress and the main misunderstanding problems about Directive 2004/24/EC, like the centralized and decentralized supervision system of traditional herbal medicinal products in the EU, marketing authorization procedures for traditional herbal medicinal products, Community Herbal Monograph and List Entries, would be systematically analyzed, so as to provide reference for the registration of Chinese patent medicine in EU...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243388/the-treatment-outcomes-of-antiretroviral-substitutions-in-routine-clinical-settings-in-asia-data-from-the-treat-asia-hiv-observational-database-tahod
#10
In Young Jung, David Boettiger, Wing Wai Wong, Man Po Lee, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Romanee Chaiwarith, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Junko Tanuma, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Fujie Zhang, Pacharee Kantipong, Oon Tek Ng, Benedict Lim Heng Sim, Matthew Law, Jeremy Ross, Jun Yong Choi
INTRODUCTION: Although substitutions of antiretroviral regimen are generally safe, most data on substitutions are based on results from clinical trials. The objective of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes of substituting antiretroviral regimen in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients in non-clinical trial settings in Asian countries. METHODS: The study population consisted of HIV-infected patients enrolled in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database (TAHOD)...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243322/transient-myocardial-thickening-in-cats-associated-with-heart-failure
#11
J Novo Matos, N Pereira, T Glaus, L Wilkie, K Borgeat, J Loureiro, J Silva, V Law, A Kranjc, D J Connolly, V Luis Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and congestive heart failure (CHF) can have resolution of both left ventricular hypertrophy and CHF. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics of cats with transient myocardial thickening (TMT) and CHF compared with a control population of cats without resolution of HCM. ANIMALS: A total of 21 cats with TMT, 21 cats with HCM. METHODS: Retrospective study...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242117/design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-internet-of-things-iot-network-system-for-restaurant-food-waste-management
#12
Zongguo Wen, Shuhan Hu, Djavan De Clercq, M Bruce Beck, Hua Zhang, Huanan Zhang, Fan Fei, Jianguo Liu
Catering companies around the world generate tremendous amounts of waste; those in China are no exception. The paper discusses the design, implementation, and evaluation of a sensor-based Internet of Things (IoT) network technology for improving the management of restaurant food waste (RFW) in the city of Suzhou, China. This IoT-based system encompasses the generation, collection, transportation and final disposal of RFW. The Suzhou case study comprised four steps: (1) examination of the required functionality of an IoT-enabled system in the specific context of Suzhou; (2) configuration of the system architecture, both software and hardware components, according to the identified functionality; (3) installation of the components of the IoT system at the facilities of the stakeholders across the RFW generation-collection-transportation-disposal value chain; and (4) evaluation of the performance of the entire system, based on data from three years of operation...
December 11, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242087/complications-with-use-of-misoprostol-for-abortion-in-madagascar-between-ease-of-access-and-lack-of-information
#13
Dolorès Pourette, Chiarella Mattern, Rila Ratovoson, Patricia Raharimalala
OBJECTIVES: To learn what complications some women experienced in Madagascar following use of misoprostol for abortion and what treatment they received post-misoprostol use. STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study in 2015-16 among women who had experienced complications after use of misoprostol, with or without additional methods, for abortion, what information they received before use, what dosage and regimens they used, what complications they experienced and what treatment they received post-use...
December 11, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241835/the-impact-of-a-statewide-mandatory-prescription-drug-monitoring-program-on-opioid-prescribing-by-emergency-medicine-providers-across-15-hospitals-in-a-single-health-system
#14
Brian Suffoletto, Michael Lynch, Charissa B Pacella, Donald M Yealy, Clifton W Callaway
Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP) enable registered prescribers to obtain real-time information on patients' prescription history of controlled medications. We sought to describe the impact of a state-mandated PDMP on opioid prescribing by Emergency Medicine providers. We retrospectively analyzed electronic medical records of 122,732 adult patients discharged with an opioid prescription from 15 Emergency Departments in a single health system in Pennsylvania from July 2015 to March, 2017. We used an interrupted time-series design to evaluate the percentage of patients discharged each month with an opioid prescription before and after state law mandated PDMP use on August 25th, 2016...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241444/willingness-to-pay-for-flexible-working-conditions-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-discrete-choice-experiments
#15
M A Nexo, B Cleal, Lise Hagelund, I Willaing, K Olesen
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of people with chronic diseases challenges workforce capacity. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) can have work-related consequences, such as early retirement. Laws of most high-income countries require workplaces to provide accommodations to enable people with chronic disabilities to manage their condition at work. A barrier to successful implementation of such accommodations can be lack of co-workers' willingness to support people with T2D. This study aimed to examine the willingness to pay (WTP) of people with and without T2D for five workplace initiatives that help individuals with type 2 diabetes manage their diabetes at work...
December 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241437/the-swiss-mental-health-care-system
#16
Andres R Schneeberger, Bruce J Schwartz
The United States and Switzerland are among the world's wealthiest countries. Both are highly innovative and entrepreneurial, ranking high in global competitiveness and innovation and with similar liberal economies. This column highlights features of the health care system in Switzerland, a country with an exclusively private health insurance system, with federally mandated universal health insurance. Residents can choose from about 58 insurance companies. Switzerland regulates these companies and negotiates reimbursement rates...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241429/behavioral-health-coverage-under-the-affordable-care-act-what-can-we-learn-from-marketplace-products
#17
Maureen T Stewart, Constance M Horgan, Dominic Hodgkin, Timothy B Creedon, Amity Quinn, Lindsay Garito, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick
OBJECTIVE: The 2008 federal parity law and the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) sought to expand access to behavioral health services. There was concern that health plans might discourage enrollment by individuals with behavioral health conditions who tend to be higher cost. This study compared behavioral health benefits available in the group insurance market (nonmarketplace) to those sold through the ACA marketplaces to check for evidence of less generous behavioral health coverage in marketplace plans...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241397/static-characteristics-of-a-new-three-dimensional-linear-homeomorphic-saccade-model
#18
Wei Zhou, Xiu Zhai, Alireza Ghahari, G Alex Korentis, David Kaputa, John D Enderle
A linear homeomorphic saccade model that produces 3D saccadic eye movements consistent with physiological and anatomical evidence is introduced. Central to the model is the implementation of a time-optimal controller with six linear muscles and pulleys that represent the saccade oculomotor plant. Each muscle is modeled as a parallel combination of viscosity [Formula: see text] and series elasticity [Formula: see text] connected to the parallel combination of active-state tension generator [Formula: see text], viscosity element [Formula: see text], and length tension elastic element [Formula: see text]...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241264/-smoke-free-psychiatry-in-germany-a-closer-look
#19
Andrea Linhardt, Raphael Haider, Verena Rampeltshammer, Christoph Kröger, Tobias Rüther
Objective In order to protect non-smokers, the federal states of Germany have adopted a law that provides for extensive smoking bans. In many of these federal laws, acute psychiatric facilities are treated as an exception. Therefore, it is often up to the institutions themselves to develop and enforce regulations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation in acute psychiatric facilities. Methods The survey was created on the basis of previously evaluated questionnaires and consisted of 53 questions...
December 14, 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241115/predictors-of-justice-system-involvement-maltreatment-and-education
#20
Angela A Robertson, Courtney S Walker
Decades of research have established that experience of abuse and/or neglect in childhood is related to negative outcomes, such as juvenile delinquency. Existing research has shown that involvement in child welfare services is also related to juvenile delinquency, particularly for children who are victims of neglect. Research has also identified educational factors such as chronic absenteeism as significant predictors of involvement in the juvenile justice system. However, little research has investigated the combined influence of educational factors, child abuse, and involvement in child protective services on justice system involvement...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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