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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110477/recognition-in-context-implications-for-trade-mark-law
#1
Michael S Humphreys, Kimberley A McFarlane, Jennifer S Burt, Sarah J Kelly, Kimberlee G Weatherall, Robert G Burrell
Context effects in recognition have played a major role in evaluating theories of recognition. Understanding how context impacts recognition is also important for making sound trade mark law. Consumers attempting to discriminate between the brand they are looking for and a look-alike product often have to differentiate products which share a great deal of common context: positioning on the supermarket shelf, the type of store, aspects of the packaging, or brand claims. Trade mark and related laws aim to protect brands and reduce consumer confusion, but courts assessing allegations of trade mark infringement often lack careful empirical evidence concerning the impact of brand and context similarity, and, in the absence of such evidence, make assumptions about how consumers respond to brands that downplay the importance of context and focus on the similarity of registered marks...
January 21, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110260/road-traffic-injuries-among-children-and-adolescents-in-singapore-who-is-at-greatest-risk
#2
Shu-Ling Chong, Arif Tyebally, Su Yah Chew, Yang Chern Lim, Xun Yi Feng, Sock Teng Chin, Lois K Lee
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric road traffic injuries remain a significant cause of death and disability in many countries in Asia, despite the implementation of road traffic safety laws. We aim to describe the injuries, the use of restraints among road users, and risk factors associated with severe injuries for children in Singapore. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of road traffic injuries presenting to the only two pediatric tertiary care hospitals in Singapore, from January 2012 to April 2016...
January 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110143/non-denitrifying-polyphosphate-accumulating-organisms-obviate-requirement-for-anaerobic-condition
#3
A Anisa Cokro, Yingyu Law, Rohan B H Williams, Yeshi Cao, Per H Nielsen, Stefan Wuertz
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) is a widely used process in wastewater treatment that requires anaerobic/aerobic or anaerobic/anoxic cycling. Surprisingly, phosphorus (P) release was observed in the presence of nitrate in the anoxic compartment of the activated sludge tank in a full-scale treatment plant with the Modified Ludzack Ettinger configuration. We therefore studied the potential of this full-scale activated sludge community to perform EBPR under anoxic/aerobic cycling. The polyphosphate accumulating organism (PAO) Candidatus Accumulibacter represented 3...
January 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110107/controller-design-for-global-fixed-time-synchronization-of-delayed-neural-networks-with-discontinuous-activations
#4
Leimin Wang, Zhigang Zeng, Junhao Hu, Xiaoping Wang
This paper addresses the controller design problem for global fixed-time synchronization of delayed neural networks (DNNs) with discontinuous activations. To solve this problem, adaptive control and state feedback control laws are designed. Then based on the two controllers and two lemmas, the error system is proved to be globally asymptotically stable and even fixed-time stable. Moreover, some sufficient and easy checked conditions are derived to guarantee the global synchronization of drive and response systems in fixed time...
December 23, 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109653/an-examination-of-outlaw-motorcycle-gangs-and-their-involvement-in-the-illicit-drug-market-and-the-effectiveness-of-anti-association-legislative-responses
#5
Terry Goldsworthy, Laura McGillivray
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Queensland Government introduced criminal association and mandatory sentencing laws for members of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs). Forms of "criminal association" or "anti-bikie" laws have been introduced in several Australian jurisdictions, and recent High Court decisions upholding their constitutionality will ensure that they remain part of our justice landscape. Generally, the aims of these laws are to declare a specific organisation as "criminal" and impose various legal orders and offences that thwart the consorting of members and address organised crime, such as unexplained wealth regimes...
January 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109551/-economic-impact-of-optimising-antiretroviral-treatment-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-with-suppressed-viral-load-in-spain-by-implementing-the-grade-a-1-evidence-recommendations-of-the-2015-gesida-national-aids-plan
#6
Esteban Ribera, José Manuel Martínez-Sesmero, Javier Sánchez-Rubio, Rafael Rubio, Juan Pasquau, José Luis Poveda, Alejandro Pérez-Mitru, Celia Roldán, Beatriz Hernández-Novoa
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to estimate the economic impact associated with the optimisation of triple antiretroviral treatment (ART) in patients with undetectable viral load according to the recommendations from the GeSIDA/PNS (2015) Consensus and their applicability in the Spanish clinical practice. METHODS: A pharmacoeconomic model was developed based on data from a National Hospital Prescription Survey on ART (2014) and the A-I evidence recommendations for the optimisation of ART from the GeSIDA/PNS (2015) consensus...
January 18, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109411/the-challenge-in-improving-the-diets-of-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-recipients-a-historical-commentary
#7
EDITORIAL
Barry M Popkin
This paper provides a historical background for the current nutrition issues faced by the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The Food Stamp Program evolved into SNAP during a period when U.S. diets, particularly those of the poor, became less healthful. During the 1960s, the U.S. (Kennedy-Johnson era) addressed malnutrition first with a pilot project focused on retail sales and cash food stamps, which showed that low-income consumers purchased relatively healthy foods for a fairly high-quality diet...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109272/opinions-about-the-new-law-on-end-of-life-issues-in-a-sample-of-french-patients-receiving-palliative-care
#8
Augustin Boulanger, Théo Chabal, Marie Fichaux, Mireille Destandau, Jean Marc La Piana, Pascal Auquier, Karine Baumstarck, Sébastien Salas
BACKGROUND: In February 2nd 2016, the French government enacted the Claeys-Leonetti law that forbade euthanasia and established the right to deep and continuous sedation for end-of-life patients. Moreover, the law also obliges clinicians to abide by any advance directives regarding treatment and investigation, except in cases where they are "obviously inappropriate" in a given medical situation, or in cases of emergency, in order to allow medical staff to take time to assess the patient's situation...
January 21, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109267/the-use-of-physical-restraints-in-long-term-care-in-spain-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study
#9
Gabriel J Estévez-Guerra, Emilio Fariña-López, Eduardo Núñez-González, Manuel Gandoy-Crego, Fernando Calvo-Francés, Elizabeth A Capezuti
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint is a procedure used frequently in long-term care. It is a controversial practice because its use is associated with numerous complications and also affects freedom and individual autonomy. The objective of this study was to examine the use of physical restraint of long-term care residents with the ability to move voluntarily. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational and correlational multi-center study. Nine centers agreed to participate...
January 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109135/assessing-the-hydroxyl-radical-and-volatilization-roles-in-the-aquatic-fate-estimations-of-sulfur-heterocycles-dibenzothiophene-derivatives
#10
Parichehr Saranjampour, Kevin L Armbrust, Brian D Marx
Polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocycles (PASHs) and their alkyl derivatives can be released into aquatic systems via crude oil spills or via runoff from petroleum treated areas such as asphalt. Dibenzothiophene (DBT) and its derivatives, C1-DBT, C2-DBT, and C4-DBT were chosen as model compounds to investigate the relative impact of volatilization and hydroxyl radical degradation on estimates of their overall dissipation after entry into aquatic ecosystems as a function of depth using the Exposure Analysis Modeling System (EXAMS)...
January 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109024/computer-assisted-technologies-used-in-oral-rehabilitation-and-the-clinical-documentation-of-alleged-advantages-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Asbjørn Jokstad
The objective of this systematic review is to identify current computer-assisted technologies used for managing patients with a need to re-establish craniofacial appearance, subjective discomfort and stomatognathic function, and the extent of their clinical documentation. Electronic search strategies were used for locating clinical studies in MEDLINE through PubMed and in the Cochrane library, and in the grey literature through searches on Google Scholar. The searches for commercial digital products for use in oral rehabilitation resulted in identifying 225 products per November 2016, used for patient diagnostics, communication and therapy purposes, and for other computer-assisted applications in context with oral rehabilitation...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109011/individual-physician-penalties-resulting-from-violation-of-emtala-a-review-of-office-of-the-inspector-general-patient-dumping-settlements-2002-2015
#12
Sophie Terp, Brandon Wang, Brian Raffetto, Seth A Seabury, Michael Menchine
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of civil monetary penalty settlements levied by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) against individual physicians related to violation of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA). METHODS: Descriptions of all civil monetary penalty settlements between 2002 and 2015 were obtained from the OIG. Characteristics of settlements against individual physicians related to EMTALA violations were described including settlement date, location, amount, whether there was an associated hospital settlement, the medical specialty of the physician involved, and the nature of the allegation...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108993/experience-from-a-multi-country-initiative-to-improve-the-monitoring-of-selected-reproductive-health-indicators-in-africa
#13
Maria Barreix, Özge Tunçalp, Namuunda Mutombo, Ayotunde A Adegboyega, Lale Say
Universal access to sexual and reproductive health remains part of the unfinished business of global development in the Africa. To achieve it, health interventions should be monitored using programmatic indicators. WHO's Strengthening Measurement of Reproductive Health Indicators in Africa initiative, implemented in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, aimed to improve national information systems for routine monitoring of reproductive health indicators. Participating countries developed action plans employing a two-pronged strategy: (1) revising, standardizing, and harmonizing existing information-system reproductive health indicators; and (2) building data-collection capacity through training and supervision at select pilot sites...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108933/modelling-genome-wide-topological-associating-domains-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#14
REVIEW
Y Zhan, L Giorgetti, G Tiana
Chromosome conformation capture (3C)-based techniques such as chromosome conformation capture carbon copy (5C) and Hi-C revealed that the folding of mammalian chromosomes is highly hierarchical. A fundamental structural unit in the hierarchy is represented by topologically associating domains (TADs), sub-megabase regions of the genome within which the chromatin fibre preferentially interacts. 3C-based methods provide the mean contact probabilities between chromosomal loci, averaged over a large number of cells, and do not give immediate access to the single-cell conformations of the chromatin fibre...
January 20, 2017: Chromosome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108875/against-the-odds-syringe-exchange-policy-implementation-in-indiana
#15
Beth E Meyerson, Carrie A Lawrence, Laura Miller, Anthony Gillespie, Daniel Raymond, Kristen Kelley, D J Shannon
Indiana recently passed legislation allowing local governments to establish syringe exchanges. While the effectiveness of syringe exchange programming is established, there is a dearth of studies about associated policy adoption and implementation. This study documents the experiences of 24 Indiana counties engaged in the process of establishing syringe exchange programming under new state law. A mixed method, qualitative, exploratory case study was conducted from May 2015 to April 2016. We observed rapid and widespread policy adoption interest, and yet counties reported significant policy ambiguity, epidemiologic and resource capacity issues...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108307/the-impact-of-a-predator-on-the-outcome-of-competition-in-the-three-trophic-food-web
#16
Partha Sharathi Dutta, Bob W Kooi, Ulrike Feudel
We study the effects of predation on the competition of prey populations for two resources in a chemostat. We investigate a variety of small food web compositions: the bi-trophic food web (two resources-two competing prey) and the three-trophic food web (two resources - two prey - generalist predator) comparing different model formulations: substitutable resources and essential resources, namely Liebig's minimum law model (perfect essential resources) and complementary resources formulations. The prediction of the outcome of competition is solely based on bifurcation analysis in which the inflow of resources into the chemostat is used as the bifurcation parameter...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108003/active-disturbance-rejection-control-based-human-gait-tracking-for-lower-extremity-rehabilitation-exoskeleton
#17
Yi Long, Zhijiang Du, Lin Cong, Weidong Wang, Zhiming Zhang, Wei Dong
This paper presents an active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) based strategy, which is applied to track the human gait trajectory for a lower limb rehabilitation exoskeleton. The desired human gait trajectory is derived from the Clinical Gait Analysis (CGA). In ADRC, the total external disturbance can be estimated by the extended state observer (ESO) and canceled by the designed control law. The observer bandwidth and the controller bandwidth are determined by the practical principles. We simulated the proposed methodology in MATLAB...
January 17, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107916/conformity-assessment-of-multicomponent-materials-or-objects-risk-of-false-decisions-due-to-measurement-uncertainty-a-case-study-of-denatured-alcohols
#18
Ilya Kuselman, Francesca Pennecchi, Ricardo J N B da Silva, D Brynn Hibbert
Risk of a false decision on conformity of a multicomponent material or object due to measurement uncertainty is discussed. Even if conformity assessment for each component of a material sample is successful, the total probability of a false decision (total consumer's risk or producer's risk) concerning the sample as a whole might still be significant. A model of the total probability of such false decisions is formulated based on the law (theorem) of total probability. It is shown that the total risk can be evaluated as a combination of the particular risks of conformity assessment of sample components...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107786/introduction-to-global-health-promotion
#19
Jennifer Torres
Global health education is becoming increasingly prominent in universities throughout the country especially in programs focused on health and behavioral sciences, law, economics, and political science. Introduction to Global Health Promotion is a book that can be used by both instructors and students in the field of global health. The book provides theories and models, human rights, and technology relevant to the field. In addition the book is designed to share best evidence for promoting health and reducing morbidity and mortality in a variety of areas...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107725/photo-release-of-nitrous-oxide-from-the-hyponitrite-ion-studied-by-infrared-spectroscopy-evidence-for-the-generation-of-a-cobalt-n2o-complex-experimental-and-dft-calculations
#20
M Elizabeth Chacón Villalba, Carlos A Franca, Jorge A Güida
The solid state photolysis of sodium, silver and thallium hyponitrite (M2N2O2, M=Na, Ag, Tl) salts and a binuclear complex of cobalt bridged by hyponitrite ([Co(NH3)5-N(O)-NO-Co(NH3)5](4+)) were studied by irradiation with visible and UV light in the electronic absorption region. The UV-visible spectra for free hyponitrite ion and binuclear complex of cobalt were interpreted in terms of Density Functional Theory calculations in order to explain photolysis behavior. The photolysis of each compound depends selectively on the irradiation wavelength...
January 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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