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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684661/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-adherence-to-and-persistence-with-long-term-statin-therapy-secondary-analysis-from-the-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-vida-study
#1
Zhenqiang Wu, Carlos A Camargo, Kay-Tee Khaw, Debbie Waayer, Carlene M M Lawes, Les Toop, Robert Scragg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long-term statin use increases survival. However, the adherence to and persistence with statin use are challenging and this influences the success of statin treatment. Our aim was to explore if monthly vitamin D supplementation (100,000-IU) improves the adherence to and persistence with long-term statin use in older adults. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a trial comparing data on dispensed statin prescriptions, between participants allocated to vitamin D supplementation or placebo, for those taking statin therapy...
April 7, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684386/valuing-innovative-endoscopic-techniques-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-the-management-of-achalasia
#2
Eric D Shah, Andrew C Chang, Ryan Law
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Unclear reimbursement for new and innovative endoscopic procedures can limit adoption in clinical practice despite effectiveness in clinical trials. The aim of this study was to determine maximum cost-effective reimbursement for per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in treating achalasia. METHODS: We constructed a decision analytic model assessing POEM versus laparoscopic Heller myotomy with Dor fundoplication (LHM) in managing achalasia from a payer perspective over a 1-year time horizon...
April 20, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684326/12-month-discontinuation-rates-of-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-system-13-5mg-and-subdermal-etonogestrel-implant-in-adult-women-a-retrospective-claims-database-analysis
#3
Amy Law, Laura Liao, Jay Lin, Avin Yaldo, Richard Lynen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the 12-month discontinuation rates of levonorgestrel intrauterine system 13.5mg (LNG-IUS 13.5) and subdermal etonogestrel (ENG) implant in the US. STUDY DESIGN: We identified adult women (18-44years) who had an insertion of LNG-IUS 13.5 or ENG implant from the MarketScan Commercial claims database (7/1/2013-9/30/2014). Women were required to have 12months of continuous insurance coverage prior to the insertion (baseline) and at least 12-months after (follow-up)...
April 20, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684302/ensuring-supplies-of-medicines-during-pandemics-in-terms-of-public-procurement
#4
Vít Vlček
OBJECTIVES: This article describes and comments on contemporary legal regulations concerning the supply of medicines during pandemics in terms of public procurement. METHODS: Suggestions are made for removing existing legislative shortcomings, clarifying the diction of existing laws or rendering precision to legal regulation of public procurement given purchases of medicines during periods of imminent threats of pandemics and duration of pandemics. RESULTS: The author reflects on improving legislation concerning the lack of clarity and the doubts concerning the contemporary legal order of the Czech Republic, with reference to speeding up and simplifying public procurement procedures for incident-free purchases of necessary medicines in time of pandemic crisis situation and then effectively supporting the struggle against any pandemic infection...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684202/the-relationship-between-autonomy-and-adult-mental-capacity-in-the-law-of-england-and-wales
#5
Paul Skowron
Judges in England and Wales tell three apparently contradictory stories about the relationship between autonomy and mental capacity. Sometimes, capacity is autonomy's gatekeeper: those with capacity are autonomous, but those without capacity are not. Sometimes, capacity is necessary for autonomy but insufficient; for voluntariness, freedom from undue external influences is also required. Finally, sometimes autonomy survives incapacity, and a person without capacity is nevertheless treated as autonomous. These three accounts coexist, so no story of evolution, in which one account comes to replace another, can be told...
April 18, 2018: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683698/hidden-from-happiness-structural-stigma-sexual-orientation-concealment-and-life-satisfaction-across-28-countries
#6
John E Pachankis, Richard Bränström
OBJECTIVE: Although structural stigma (i.e., discriminatory laws, policies, and community attitudes) toward sexual minorities predicts adverse health and wellbeing, this association has typically only been examined within a single country and potential mechanisms remain unknown. Consequently, we examined the association between structural stigma and sexual minorities' life satisfaction across 28 countries, identity concealment as a potential mechanism of this association, and, in high-stigma countries, the potential for concealment to protect sexual minorities from discrimination and victimization, and therefore even poorer life satisfaction than they would otherwise experience in those countries...
May 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683272/ultrahigh-energy-density-lithium-ion-cable-battery-based-on-the-carbon-nanotube-woven-macrofilms
#7
Ziping Wu, Kaixi Liu, Chao Lv, Shengwen Zhong, Qinghui Wang, Ting Liu, Xianbin Liu, Yanhong Yin, Yingyan Hu, Di Wei, Zhongfan Liu
Moore's law predicts the performance of integrated circuit doubles every two years, lasting for more than five decades. However, the improvements of the performance of energy density in batteries lag far behind that. In addition, the poor flexibility, insufficient-energy density, and complexity of incorporation into wearable electronics remain considerable challenges for current battery technology. Herein, a lithium-ion cable battery is invented, which is insensitive to deformation due to its use of carbon nanotube (CNT) woven macrofilms as the charge collectors...
April 23, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683205/prohibiting-physicians-dual-practice-in-iran-policy-options-for-implementation
#8
Mohammad Bazyar, Arash Rashidian, Nader Jahanmehr, Faranak Behzadi, Javad Moghri, Leila Doshmangir
BACKGROUND: In Iran, based on the recent national policy documents, physician dual practice (PDP) has been prohibited. This study aimed to develop policy options (POs) to implement physicians' dual practice prohibition law in Iran. METHODS: International evidence published in English and local documents published in Persian about PDP analyzed and results (advantages, disadvantages, challenges and requirements to ban PDP, and applied policies to limit the dual practice) were extracted...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683163/the-effect-of-solvent-relaxation-time-constants-on-free-energy-gap-law-for-ultrafast-charge-recombination-following-photoinduced-charge-separation
#9
Valentina A Mikhailova, Roman E Malykhin, Anatoly I Ivanov
To elucidate the regularities inherent in the kinetics of ultrafast charge recombination following photoinduced charge separation in donor-acceptor dyads in solutions, the simulations of the kinetics have been performed within the stochastic multichannel point-transition model. Increasing the solvent relaxation time scales has been shown to strongly vary the dependence of the charge recombination rate constant on the free energy gap. In slow relaxing solvents the non-equilibrium charge recombination occurring in parallel with solvent relaxation is very effective so that the charge recombination terminates at the non-equilibrium stage...
April 23, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683135/designing-a-socio-normative-intervention-to-reduce-anemia-in-odisha-india-a-formative-research-protocol
#10
Erica Sedlander, Rajiv N Rimal, Sameera A Talegawkar, Hagere Yilma, Wolfgang Munar
Background: More than half of women of reproductive age in India are anemic. Anemia is associated with increased risk of preterm delivery, higher maternal mortality and contributes to fatigue, which affects women's work productivity. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends daily oral iron and folic acid (IFA) supplements during pregnancy and weekly supplements for women of reproductive age. Government programs and global donors have distributed and promoted IFA supplements in India for over four decades...
March 20, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682606/poro-elasto-capillary-wicking-of-cellulose-sponges
#11
Jonghyun Ha, Jungchul Kim, Yeonsu Jung, Giseok Yun, Do-Nyun Kim, Ho-Young Kim
We mundanely observe cellulose (kitchen) sponges swell while absorbing water. Fluid flows in deformable porous media, such as soils and hydrogels, are classically described on the basis of the theories of Darcy and poroelasticity, where the expansion of media arises due to increased pore pressure. However, the situation is qualitatively different in cellulosic porous materials like sponges because the pore expansion is driven by wetting of the surrounding cellulose walls rather than by increase of the internal pore pressure...
March 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682252/dental-unit-wastewater-a-current-environmental-problem-a-sistematic-review
#12
REVIEW
M E Cataldi, S Al Rakayan, C Arcuri, R Condò
The dental unit waters are divided in two different groups, because of their chemical and microbial composition proprieties: in the first there is the "incoming dental unit water", drinking water that arrived directly in the dental chair unit through the municipal water system; in the second there is the "waste water", that represents the whole dental unit waste water. Regarding the lack of a complete systematic review on the quality of dental unit wastewater, the aim of the current research was to systematically study the incoming dental unit water and the waste one, focusing the attention on the problem of the wastewater contamination and its regulations...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682037/disappearance-of-intracranial-extradural-hematomas-role-of-diastatic-cranial-fracture-and-intracranial-pressure-an-institutional-experience
#13
Abdul Rashid Bhat, Altaf Rehman Kirmani, Mohammed Afzal Wani
Context: The intracranial extradural hematoma (EDH) occupies space and creates a mass effect on the brain but the tenacious-adhesions of dura to the inner table of skull counters this effect. The intracranial pressure also pushes the hematoma back while it is held by dural tensile-force. Aims: The exploitation of a diastatic fracture, overlying an EDH, by the intracranial pressures to decompress a hematoma out of extradural space into subgaleal/subperiosteal space without surgical intervention...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681773/accuracy-evaluation-of-distance-inverse-square-law-in-determining-virtual-electron-source-location-in-siemens-primus-linac
#14
Hamid Shafaei Douk, Mahmoud Reza Aghamiri, Mahdi Ghorbani, Bagher Farhood, Mohsen Bakhshandeh, Hamid Reza Hemmati
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of the inverse square law (ISL) method for determining location of virtual electron source ( S Vir ) in Siemens Primus linac. Background: So far, different experimental methods have presented for determining virtual and effective electron source location such as Full Width at Half Maximum (FWHM), Multiple Coulomb Scattering (MCS), and Multi Pinhole Camera (MPC) and Inverse Square Law (ISL) methods. Among these methods, Inverse Square Law is the most common used method...
March 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681553/the-radicalization-of-breast-cancer-surgery-joseph-colt-bloodgood-s-role-in-william-stewart-halsted-s-legacy
#15
James R Wright
Johns Hopkins's surgeon William Stewart Halsted is renowned for popularizing the radical mastectomy, a disfiguring procedure that was overutilized during the 1900s. Cancer historians have questioned why Halsted, a meticulous surgical investigator, became more aggressive in his approach to breast cancer surgery when his own data failed to show prolonged patient survival. Joseph Colt Bloodgood, one of Halsted's early surgical residents, Hopkins's head of surgical pathology, and Halsted's primary outcome data analyst, played previously unrecognized roles...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681146/single-parent-family-structure-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-use-among-secondary-school-students-evidence-from-jamaica
#16
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Chinwendu F Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Daniel C Oshi
The aim of this study was to examine the potential relationship between Jamaican secondary students’ alcohol drinking habits and their family structure. Methods: Data collected from a nationally representative survey of 3,365 students were analysed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Results: Out of the 3,365 students, 1,044 (31.0%) were from single-parent families. Single-parent families, married-parent families and common law-parent families were significantly associated with lifetime use of alcohol (AOR= 1...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681079/abortion-law-reform-why-ethical-intractability-and-maternal-morbidity-are-grounds-for-decriminalisation
#17
Andrew McGee, Melanie Jansen, Sally Sheldon
In this paper, we present two grounds for arguing that abortion should be decriminalised. First, we consider the implications of the fact that the long-standing ethical debate concerning the morality of abortion has to date proven intractable. We maintain that because the philosophical literature has failed to demonstrate conclusively that views either for or against abortion's moral acceptability are false, the matter remains at a stalemate in terms of rational debate, contributing to the ongoing absence of political and popular consensus about the issue in our society...
April 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680405/mr-implant-rapid-evidence-based-determination-of-implant-safety-status
#18
Jill S Fay, Hannah S Milch, David Gutman, Amy S Law, Edward Mardakhaev, Mansi Shah Saraiya, Michael L Lipton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680143/-advanced-practice-nurse-in-france-first-outline
#19
Christophe Debout
After several years of discussions and debate, regulations should soon be applied in France allowing for the deployment of advanced practice nurses as provided for by law no. 2016-41 of January 2016 relating to the modernisation of the French health system. The profile of this new category of nurse, whose scope of practice will be extended, will combine clinical practice carried out with patients with stabilised chronic diseases and activities aimed at promoting the continuing development of the nursing teams' skills and at supporting change processes...
April 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679884/the-development-of-territory-based-inferences-of-ownership
#20
Brandon W Goulding, Ori Friedman
Legal systems often rule that people own objects in their territory. We propose that an early-developing ability to make territory-based inferences of ownership helps children address informational demands presented by ownership. Across 6 experiments (N = 504), we show that these inferences develop between ages 3 and 5 and stem from two aspects of the psychology of ownership. First, we find that a basic ability to infer that people own objects in their territory is already present at age 3 (Experiment 1)...
April 18, 2018: Cognition
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