keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Law

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458225/-indication-quality-concepts-and-ethical-implications
#1
Andrea Dörries
BACKGROUND: In recent times - also due to new laws - a good "indication quality" has been called for. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the debate about "indication quality" by looking into the meaning of the term "indication" as well as the meaning of an adequate understanding of quality. METHODS: Initially, a conceptual analysis is made of how indication is an integral part of the therapeutic decision-making process between physician and patient, in which, next to evidence-based elements, also normative elements are included (step 1)...
February 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458088/antibiotics-use-among-palestine-refugees-attending-unrwa-primary-health-care-centers-in-jordan-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Maysun Al Baz, Michael R Law, Rawan Saadeh
The irrational use of antibiotics is increasing in Jordanian refugee camps and consequently so too is bacterial resistance. About one-third of health expenditures at UNRWA health centers in Jordan are attributed to antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: We studied knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Palestine refugees attending UNRWA health centers in Jordan regarding antibiotic use in order to plan public health interventions accordingly. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey among 250 adult Palestine refugees at four different health centres was conducted...
February 16, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457965/probing-in-plane-anisotropy-in-few-layer-res-2-using-low-frequency-noise-measurement
#3
Richa Mitra, Bhakti Jariwala, Arnab Bhattacharya, Anindya Das
ReS2 , a layered two-dimensional material popular for its in-plane anisotropic properties, is emerging as one of the potential candidates for flexible electronics and ultrafast optical applications. It is an n-type semiconducting material having a layer independent bandgap of 1.55 eV. In this paper we have characterized the intrinsic electronic noise level of few-layer ReS2 for the first time. Few-layer ReS2 field effect transistor devices show a 1/f nature of noise for frequency ranging over three orders of magnitude...
February 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457475/civil-forensic-psychiatry-part-2-specific-issues
#4
Anthony H Samuels
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the main areas of civil forensic psychiatry (FP) and the skills required by psychiatric experts. Some specific areas of civil FP are discussed, including tort law reform, reliability of psychiatric evidence, contentious psychiatric disorders, and the many domains of civil FP. CONCLUSIONS: Civil FP is an important sub-specialty component of forensic psychiatry that requires greater emphasis in the training and continuing education of psychiatrists...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457243/raising-the-stakes-for-nondiscrimination-protections-in-the-aca
#5
Kristen Underhill
In the struggle over the durability of the Affordable Care Act, defenders of the ACA stand guard at many fronts. A major contribution of the ACA to nondiscrimination law, however, appears increasingly vulnerable. The ACA established significant new nondiscrimination protections for patients under section 1557 and its implementing regulations. Several of these regulations-including protections on the basis of gender identity and pregnancy termination-are now under reconsideration at the Department of Health and Human Services, after a nationwide injunction lasting almost a year...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457142/cross-country-association-of-press-freedom-and-lgbt-freedom-with-prevalence-of-persons-living-with-hiv-implication-for-global-strategy-against-hiv-aids
#6
Xinguang Chen, Amy L Elliott, Shuang Wang
Background: Human behaviors are affected by attitudes and beliefs, which in turn are shaped by higher-level values to which we have ascribed. In this study, we explore the relationship between two higher-level values, press freedom and LGBT freedom, and HIV infection with national data at the population level. Methods: Data were the number of persons living with HIV (PLWH, n = 35,468,911) for 148 countries during 2011-15, press freedom index (PFI) determined by the Reporters Without Borders, and LGBT freedom index (LGBT-FI) based on laws regulating same-sex relationships and expression...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456798/-18-f-radiolabeled-panobinostat-allows-for-positron-emission-tomography-guided-delivery-of-a-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor
#7
Harikrishna Kommidi, Umberto Tosi, Uday B Maachani, Hua Guo, Christopher S Marnell, Benedict Law, Mark M Souweidane, Richard Ting
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition is becoming an increasingly popular approach to treat cancer, as HDAC overexpression is common in many malignancies. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) prevents systemically delivered drugs from reaching brain at effective concentration, making small-molecule-HDAC inhibition in brain tumors particularly challenging. To circumvent the BBB, novel routes for administering therapeutics are being considered in the clinic, and a need exists for drugs whose deliveries can be directly imaged, so that effective delivery across the BBB can be monitored...
February 8, 2018: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456521/mathematical-modeling-of-protein-misfolding-mechanisms-in-neurological-diseases-a-historical-overview
#8
REVIEW
Felix Carbonell, Yasser Iturria-Medina, Alan C Evans
Protein misfolding refers to a process where proteins become structurally abnormal and lose their specific 3-dimensional spatial configuration. The histopathological presence of misfolded protein (MP) aggregates has been associated as the primary evidence of multiple neurological diseases, including Prion diseases, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. However, the exact mechanisms of MP aggregation and propagation, as well as their impact in the long-term patient's clinical condition are still not well understood...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456449/international-comparison-of-five-herbal-medicine-registration-systems-to-inform-regulation-development-united-kingdom-germany-united-states-of-america-united-arab-emirates-and-kingdom-of-bahrain
#9
Azhar H Alostad, Douglas T Steinke, Ellen I Schafheutle
Background: Herbal medicine (HM) regulation is less developed than that of allopathic medicines, with some countries lacking specific regulations. Objective: For the purpose of informing a registration system for HMs in Kuwait, which does not manufacture but imports all HMs, this study compared the similarities and differences between the current HM registration systems of five countries. Methods: The five countries were selected as major source countries of HM in Kuwait (United Kingdom (UK), Germany and United States of America (USA)) or because of geographical proximity or size and approach (United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kingdom of Bahrain)...
2018: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456419/zipf-mandelbrot-law-f-divergences-and-the-jensen-type-interpolating-inequalities
#10
Neda Lovričević, Ðilda Pečarić, Josip Pečarić
Motivated by the method of interpolating inequalities that makes use of the improved Jensen-type inequalities, in this paper we integrate this approach with the well known Zipf-Mandelbrot law applied to various types of f -divergences and distances, such are Kullback-Leibler divergence, Hellinger distance, Bhattacharyya distance (via coefficient), [Formula: see text]-divergence, total variation distance and triangular discrimination. Addressing these applications, we firstly deduce general results of the type for the Csiszár divergence functional from which the listed divergences originate...
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456389/assessment-of-quality-of-prescription-writing-among-dental-and-medical-students-and-practitioners-in-kerala
#11
Naveen Jacob Varghese, Venkitachalam Ramanarayanan, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Joe Joseph
Background: The medical prescription is a valid and legal document. Prescriptions can also be used as a measure of the quality of medical education, observance of the laws and regulations, and sociocultural beliefs. Aims: To assess the quality of prescription written by dental and medical students and practitioners. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three dental and two medical colleges in Kerala covering 345 participants (dental - 235 and medical - 110)...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455889/design-of-an-adaptive-super-twisting-decoupled-terminal-sliding-mode-control-scheme-for-a-class-of-fourth-order-systems
#12
Donya Ashtiani Haghighi, Saleh Mobayen
This paper proposes an adaptive super-twisting decoupled terminal sliding mode control technique for a class of fourth-order systems. The adaptive-tuning law eliminates the requirement of the knowledge about the upper bounds of external perturbations. Using the proposed control procedure, the state variables of cart-pole system are converged to decoupled terminal sliding surfaces and their equilibrium points in the finite time. Moreover, via the super-twisting algorithm, the chattering phenomenon is avoided without affecting the control performance...
February 15, 2018: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455754/are-concussion-laws-making-youth-athletes-safer
#13
EDITORIAL
Ann Glang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455707/the-alignment-of-law-practice-and-need-in-suicide-prevention
#14
Helen M Stallman, Jeneva L Ohan
Help-seeking is important for patients with suicidal ideation. Currently, a risk management paradigm is used with patients who express suicidality; however, this may limit support and increase stigma, reducing future help-seeking. Coping planning is proposed as a paradigm shift that overcomes these problems by focusing on patient needs and strengths. Declaration of interest None.
February 19, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455534/rate-limiting-o-o-bond-formation-pathways-for-water-oxidation-on-hematite-photoanode
#15
Yuchao Zhang, Hongna Zhang, Anan Liu, Chuncheng Chen, Wenjing Song, Jincai Zhao
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation has attracted heightened interest in solar fuel production. It is well accepted that water oxidation on hematite is mediated by surface trapped holes, characterized to be the high valent -Fe=O species. However, the mechanism of the subsequent rate-limiting O-O bond formation step is still a missing piece. Herein we investigate the reaction order of interfacial hole transfer by rate law analysis based on electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurement and probe the reaction intermediates by operando Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy...
February 18, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455118/multivariate-dynamic-tobit-models-with-lagged-observed-dependent-variables-an-effectiveness-analysis-of-highway-safety-laws
#16
Chunjiao Dong, Kun Xie, Jin Zeng, Xia Li
Highway safety laws aim to influence driver behaviors so as to reduce the frequency and severity of crashes, and their outcomes. For one specific highway safety law, it would have different effects on the crashes across severities. Understanding such effects can help policy makers upgrade current laws and hence improve traffic safety. To investigate the effects of highway safety laws on crashes across severities, multivariate models are needed to account for the interdependency issues in crash counts across severities...
February 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455076/from-child-autistic-symptoms-to-parental-affective-symptoms-a-family-process-model
#17
Kevin Ka Shing Chan, Chun Bun Lam, Naska Chung Wa Law, Ryan Yat Ming Cheung
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are prevalent among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but limited research has investigated why parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and increased risks of mental health problems. We responded to this gap in the literature by examining the associations between child autistic symptoms and parental affective symptoms, as well as the potential underlying mechanisms. Guided by a family process theory, we hypothesized that child autistic symptoms would be positively associated with parental depressive and anxiety symptoms, and that these associations would be mediated by parents' concerns about their children's characteristics (future-related worry), parental roles (parenting stress), marital relationships (marital conflicts), and family conditions (family economic pressure)...
February 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454974/proof-of-patient-information-analysis-of-201-judicial-decisions
#18
E Dugleux, H Rached, C Rouge-Maillart
INTRODUCTION: The ruling by the French Court of Cassation dated February 25, 1997 obliged doctors to provide proof of the information given to patients, reversing more than half a century of case law. In October 1997, it was specified that such evidence could be provided by "all means", including presumption. No hierarchy in respect of means of proof has been defined by case law or legislation. The present study analyzed judicial decisions with a view to determining the means of proof liable to carry the most weight in a suit for failure to provide due patient information...
February 15, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454821/mortality-in-single-fathers-compared-with-single-mothers-and-partnered-parents-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Maria Chiu, Farah Rahman, Simone Vigod, Cindy Lau, John Cairney, Paul Kurdyak
BACKGROUND: Single parent families, including families headed by single fathers, are becoming increasingly common around the world. Previous evidence suggests that single parenthood is associated with adverse health outcomes and increased mortality; however, most studies have focused on single mothers, with little known about the health of single fathers. This study aimed to examine mortality in a large population-based sample of Canadian single fathers compared with single mothers and partnered fathers and mothers...
February 14, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454351/disparate-compensation-policies-for-research-related-injury-in-an-era-of-multinational-trials-a-case-study-of-brazil-russia-india-china-and-south-africa
#20
George Rugare Chingarande, Keymanthri Moodley
BACKGROUND: Compensation for research related injuries is a subject that is increasingly gaining traction in developing countries which are burgeoning destinations of multi center research. However, the existence of disparate compensation rules violates the ethical principle of fairness. The current paper presents a comparison of the policies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). METHODS: A systematic search of good clinical practice guidelines was conducted employing search strategies modeled in line with the recommendations of ADPTE Collaboration (2007)...
February 17, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
keyword
keyword
47231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"