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Tae-Jin Song, Soo-Jin Cho, Won-Joo Kim, Kwang Ik Yang, Chang-Ho Yun, Min Kyung Chu
Although tension-type headache (TTH) is a frequent type of headache disorder and imposes a significant burden, there is scant information about the prevalence and impact of comorbid anxiety and depression among individuals with TTH. We investigated the prevalence and clinical impact of anxiety and depression among patients with TTH in the general population. We recruited Korean participants aged 19-69 years using a two-stage clustered random sampling method. To identify the presence of headache type, anxiety, and depression, we used a semi-structured interview using certain questionnaires...
2016: PloS One
Chandhana Paka, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Rebeca Rios, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the anatomic integrity of the external anal sphincter (EAS) detected on transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) with symptoms of anal incontinence (AI) as measured by St Mark's Incontinence Score (SMIS) and the visual analog scale (VAS). METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional analysis of 486 women who presented to a tertiary urogynecological center between May 2013 and August 2014. They underwent a standardized interview and an examination that involved 3-dimensional/4-dimensional TPUS...
October 25, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Fulvia Ceccarelli, Cristiana Barbati, Tania Colasanti, Monica Montepaone, Cristiano Alessandri, Guido Valesini, Ennio Lubrano
OBJECTIVES: Several molecules are involved in the pathogenesis of new bone formation in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum levels of semaphoring 3A in AS and to investigate any correlations with radiographic damage, disease activity, function and treatment. METHODS: AS patients who fulfilled the modified New York criteria were enrolled for this study. Healthy subjects were also enrolled as control group. BASDAI, ASDAS-CRP, BASMI, BASFI, patients and physician VAS, C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were evaluated at baseline visit...
October 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
S Nayak, P K Lenka, A Equebal, A Biswas
Up to now, a cosmetic glove was the most common method for managing transmetacarpal (TMC) and carpometacarpal (CMC) amputations, but it is devoid of markings and body color. At this amputation level, it is very difficult to fit a functional prosthesis because of the short available length, unsightly shape, grafted skin, contracture and lack of functional prosthetic options. A 30-year-old male came to our clinic with amputation at the 1st to 4th carpometacarpal level and a 5th metacarpal that was projected laterally and fused with the carpal bone...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
R Mugnai, N Della Rosa, L Tarallo
Injuries to the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) are the most common cause of carpal instability. A SLIL injury typically follows a fall on an outstretched hand, with the wrist in hyperextension, ulnar deviation and intercarpal supination. We hypothesize that repetitive axial loading on the wrist in hyperextension, during the reception and digging motions of volleyball, can lead to functional overloading of the SLIL. To identify patients and to determine the clinical history and surgical treatment performed, we analyzed hospital records, X-rays, electronic databases containing all the operations performed, and image files (including before and after surgery and follow-up)...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Elizabeth M Yu, Emily V Nosova, Yuri Falkenstein, Priya Prasad, Jeremi M Leasure, Dimitriy G Kondrashov
Study Design Retrospective reliability and validity study. Objective To validate a recently translated Russian language version of the Oswestry Disability Index (R-ODI) using standardized methods detailed from previous validations in other languages. Methods We included all subjects who were seen in our spine surgery clinic, over the age of 18, and fluent in the Russian language. R-ODI was translated by six bilingual people and combined into a consensus version. R-ODI and visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires for leg and back pain were distributed to subjects during both their initial and follow-up visits...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
Federica Ferrari, Maria Camilla Cerlesi, Davide Malfacini, Laila Asth, Elaine C Gavioli, Velvet B Journigan, Uma G Kamakolanu, Michael E Meyer, Dennis Yasuda, Willma E Polgar, Anna Rizzi, Remo Guerrini, Chiara Ruzza, Nurulain T Zaveri, Girolamo Calo
Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) regulates several biological functions via selective activation of the N/OFQ receptor (NOP). In this study novel nonpeptide NOP ligands were characterized in vitro in receptor binding and [(35)S]GTPγS stimulated binding in membranes of cells expressing human NOP and classical opioid receptors, calcium mobilization assay in cells coexpressing the receptors and chimeric G proteins, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) based assay for studying NOP receptor interaction with G protein and arrestin, the electrically stimulated mouse vas deferens and the mouse colon bioassays...
October 22, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Hugo Lara-Sánchez, Candelas Álvarez Nuño, Elisa Gil-Carcedo Sañudo, Agustín Mayo Iscar, Luis Ángel Vallejo Valdezate
INTRODUCTION: Prospective study of patients with nasal obstruction (NO) in order to measure therapeutic success by anterior active rhinomanometry (AAR), Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and to establish the correlation between these tests. METHODS: Patients with NO, on whom we performed an AAR, NOSE and VAS scales at baseline and after medical treatment (topical nasal steroid) or surgery (septoplasty, turbinoplasty or septoplasty and turbinoplasty)...
October 22, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Gláucia E M L Siervo, Fernanda M Ogo, Aline D Valério, Thamara N X Silva, Larissa Staurengo-Ferrari, Tathiana A Alvarenga, Rubens Cecchini, Waldiceu A Verri, Flávia A Guarnier, Monica L Andersen, Glaura S A Fernandes
Good sleep quality has a direct effect on the activity of the neuroendocrine-reproductive control axis and oxidative stress. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether sleep restriction (SR) during the peripubertal period impaired the postnatal development of the epididymis in Wistar rats. After 21 days SR (18h per day), epididymides were collected on Postnatal Day (PND) 62 for evaluation of oxidative stress markers, inflammatory profile, sperm count and histopathological and stereological analyses; in addition, the motility of spermatozoa from the vas deferens was examined...
October 26, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Yong Li, Wen-Bo Zhao, De-Li Wang, Qing He, Qin Li, Fu-Xing Pei, Lei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical results of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) combined with zoledronic acid injection in the treatment of osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly. METHODS: 60 elderly patients with osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures were diagnosed using a dual energy X-ray bone density instrument. Patients were randomly divided into treatment or control groups (30 cases in each group). Patients in both groups were treated by closed/open reduction and internal fixation using PFNA...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Maryna Lapotka, María Ruz, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Olga Ocón Hernández
PURPOSE: This study describes a new methodology-the cold pressor gel test (CPGT)-for delivering an accessible experimental pain stimulus, which is reproducible and safe for functional MRI (fMRI). METHODS: The cold pressor test was modified to put safety precautions into the CPGT. The material used is cool gelled water with a thickening product, which provides a stable temperature at 0.2 °C. Thirteen women with chronic pelvic pain were scanned using a 3 Tesla (T) MR scanner equipped with a 12-channel head coil...
October 25, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Billy Sin, Kimberly Koop, Michelle Liu, Jun-Yen Yeh, Pardeep Thandi
BACKGROUND: The efficacy, safety, opioid-sparing effects, and cost-benefit analyses of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen (APAP) in treating renal colic remain controversial. STUDY QUESTION: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, opioid-sparing effects, and cost-benefits of IV APAP in patients who present with renal colic in the emergency department (ED). DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched PubMed (January 1970 to April 2016). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trials which evaluated IV APAP for renal colic in the ED were eligible...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Kaweh Mansouri, Tarek Shaarawy
PURPOSE: To compare safety, tolerability and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of pattern scanning laser trabeculoplasty (PSLT) with selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in fellow eyes of untreated patients with glaucoma. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine patients (58 eyes) with primary and secondary open angle glaucoma (OAG) were randomized to undergo PSLT or SLT in each eye. METHODS: Pattern scanning laser trabeculoplasty was performed using the Pascal laser (Pascal Streamline 577; Topcon Inc...
October 25, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Kazuha Kizaki, Fumiharu Yamashita, Tomoya Hayashi, Noboru Funakoshi
AIM: This study was designed to investigate which biological agent, infliximab or tocilizumab, would more intensively keep suppressing oxidative stress among well-controlled patients as C-reactive protein (CRP) levels normalized in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, it was intended to clarify indicative factors of oxidative stress among well-controlled patients with RA. METHODS: We recruited 61 well-controlled (CRP < 0.3 mg/dL within normal ranges) patients with RA using biological agents (infliximab n = 33; tocilizumab n = 28), active RA patients with CRP > 1...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Passera, Alberto Bullano, Yoav Mintz, Asaf Kedar, Luigi Boni, Elisa Cassinotti, Riccardo Rosati, Uberto Fumagalli Romario, Mario Sorrentino, Marco Brizzolari, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Achille Lucio Gaspari, Dario Andreone, Elena De Stefani, Giuseppe Navarra, Salvatore Lazzara, Maurizio Degiuli, Kirill Shishin, Igor Khatkov, Ivan Kazakov, Rudolf Schrittwieser, Thomas Carus, Alessio Corradi, Guenther Sitzman, Antonio Lacy, Selman Uranues, Amir Szold, Mario Morino
BACKGROUND: Single-port laparoscopic surgery as an alternative to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy for benign disease has not yet been accepted as a standard procedure. The aim of the multi-port versus single-port cholecystectomy trial was to compare morbidity rates after single-access (SPC) and standard laparoscopy (MPC). METHODS: This non-inferiority phase 3 trial was conducted at 20 hospital surgical departments in six countries. At each centre, patients were randomly assigned to undergo either SPC or MPC...
October 24, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Guido Wierer, Armin Runer, Christian Hoser, Elmar Herbst, Peter Gföller, Christian Fink
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcome of ACL reconstructions in patients older than 40 years of age to younger subjects. It has been hypothesized that patients older than 40 years of age achieve comparable clinical outcomes following acute ACL reconstruction using a hamstring tendon autograft than younger patients. METHODS: Patients with an isolated ACL tear without any concomitant injuries and subsequent ACL reconstruction within 48 h from injury were included in this prospective study...
October 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Max Petzold, Mark Collinson, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Peter Byass
BACKGROUND: Verbal autopsy (VA) is a widely used technique for assigning causes to non-medically certified deaths using information gathered from a close caregiver. Both operational and cultural factors may cause delays in follow-up of deaths. The resulting time lag-from death to VA interview-can influence ways in which terminal events are remembered, and thus affect cause-of-death assignment. This study investigates the impact of recall period on causes of death determined by VA. METHODS: A total of 10,882 deaths from the Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) with complete VAs, including recall period, were incorporated in this study...
2016: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
C Parkinson, P Constantin, C Goyal, C Hall
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate whether addition of an octadecene/maleic anhydride copolymer (O/MA) to a potassium nitrate (KNO3) dentifrice could facilitate delivery of potassium to dentine and enhance its efficacy in dentine hypersensitivity relief. METHODS: This was a randomised, examiner-blind, controlled, parallel group study in 139 healthy subjects with at ≥2 sensitive teeth. Assessment of dentine hypersensitivity to tactile (Yeaple probe) and evaporative (air) stimuli (Schiff Sensitivity Scale, visual analogue scale [VAS]) was carried out at baseline and after 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks twice daily treatment with an experimental 5% KNO3/3% O/MA dentifrice, a comparator 5% KNO3 dentifrice (active comparator), a 0% KNO3/3% O/MA dentifrice (placebo) and a regular fluoride dentifrice (negative control)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Shaoyun Zhang, Bin Xu, Qiang Huang, Huan Yao, Jinwei Xie, Fuxing Pei
There is no consensus as to whether drainage tube should be used and how long it should remain in use after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). As fast-track (FT) program has been implemented in TKA, whether drainage tube could be removed early, and the ideal timing for removal after FT primary TKA has been a new topic. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of early removal of drainage tube when FT program was implemented in primary TKA. A total of 101 patients undergoing FT primary TKA were prospectively allocated into three groups...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
F Franceschi, S Togni, G Belcaro, M Dugall, R Luzzi, A Ledda, L Pellegrini, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Several experimental studies and clinical trials support the potential of Boswellia serrata extracts (BSE) for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this registry study was to assess the safety and the efficacy of a novel lecithin-based delivery form of Boswellia serrata extract (Casperome®) in the supportive management of osteo-muscular pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 52 healthy young rugby players with acute knee pain and inflammation were recruited...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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