keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dehydration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667911/experimental-heat-stress-nephropathy-and-liver-injury-are-improved-by-allopurinol
#1
Carlos A Roncal-Jimenez, Yuka Sato, Tamara Milagres, Ana Andres-Hernando, Gabriela E Garcia, Petter Bjornstad, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Cecilia Sorensen, Lee Newman, Lyndsay Krisher, Magdalena Madero, Jason Glaser, Ramon Garcia-Trabannino, Emmanuel Jarquin-Romero, Zhilin Song, Thomas Jensen, Masanari Kuwabara, Bernardo Rodriguez-Iturbe, Laura-Gabriela Sanchez-Lozada, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson
BACKGROUND: An epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been observed in Central America among workers in the sugarcane fields. One hypothesis is that the CKD may be caused by recurrent heat stress and dehydration, and potentially by hyperuricemia. Accordingly, we developed a murine model of kidney injury associated with recurrent heat stress. In the current experiment, we tested whether treatment with allopurinol (a xanthine oxidase inhibitor that reduces serum urate) provides renal protection against recurrent heat stress and dehydration...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665421/uhplc-q-tof-ms-ms-based-screening-and-identification-of-the-metabolites-in-vivo-after-oral-administration-of-betulin
#2
Wendan Zhang, Honghong Jiang, Miaomiao Jin, Qiao Wang, Qian Sun, Yingfeng Du, Liang Cao, Huijun Xu
Betulin is an active natural pentacyclic triterpene ingredient with valuable anti-cancer and anti-HIV efficacies. In the present study, an efficient approach was developed to screening and identification of metabolites and to assess the metabolic profiles of betulin in vivo using UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS system based on multiple mass defect filter data acquisition (MMDF) and multiple data processing techniques. Based on the proposed method, 56 phase I and 6 phase II metabolites were detected in rats after oral administration of betulin...
April 14, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664371/foodborne-outbreaks-caused-by-human-norovirus-gii-p17-gii-17-contaminated-nori-japan-2017
#3
Naomi Sakon, Kenji Sadamasu, Takayuki Shinkai, Yousuke Hamajima, Hideaki Yoshitomi, Yuki Matsushima, Rika Takada, Fumio Terasoma, Asako Nakamura, Jun Komano, Koo Nagasawa, Hideaki Shimizu, Kazuhiko Katayama, Hirokazu Kimura
Seven foodborne norovirus outbreaks attributable to the GII.P17-GII.17 strain were reported across Japan in 2017, causing illness in a total of 2,094 persons. Nori (dried shredded seaweed) was implicated in all outbreaks and tested positive for norovirus. Our data highlight the stability of norovirus in dehydrated food products.
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664189/hydration-and-nutritional-status-in-patients-on-home-dialysis-a-single-centre-study
#4
Janet S C Li, John Y H Chan, Mandy M Y Tai, So M Wong, S M Pang, Fanny Y F Lam, Carmen H M Chu, Chris S Y Ching, Joseph H S Wong, W L Chak
BACKGROUND: Over-hydration (OH) and malnutrition are prevalent among patients on dialysis therapy. The prevalence of OH and malnutrition as well as the risk factors associated with OH and malnutrition in our patients on home peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home haemodialysis (HD) are examined. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The hydration and nutritional status of the study groups were assessed by a Body Composition Monitor. Patients who were stable on home dialysis therapy for over one year were invited to participate...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663802/reactive-porphyrin-adsorption-on-tio-2-anatase-particles-solvent-assistance-and-the-effect-of-water-addition
#5
Johannes Schneider, Thomas Berger, Oliver Diwald
The surface functionalization of metal oxide nanoparticles with complex organic molecules can lead to optoelectronically very different materials' properties depending on whether adsorption occurs at the solid-gas or solid-liquid interface. Here, we report on two different approaches to decorate anatase TiO2 nanoparticle powders with 2H-tetraphenylporphyrin (2HTPP) molecules: i) porphyrin adsorption in dispersions of organic liquids and ii) gas phase functionalization where evaporated porphyrin molecules attach to dehydrated particle surfaces in the absence of solvent molecules...
April 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663707/engineering-pro-regenerative-hydrogels-for-scarless-wound-healing
#6
REVIEW
Guoming Sun, Yu-I Shen, John W Harmon
Skin and skin appendages protect the body from harmful environment and prevent internal organs from dehydration. Superficial epidermal wounds usually heal without scarring, however, deep dermal wound healing commonly ends up with nonfunctioning scar formation with substantial loss of skin appendage. Wound healing is one of the most complex dynamic biological processes, during which a cascade of biomolecules combine with stem cell influx and matrix synthesis and synergistically contribute to wound healing at all levels...
April 16, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663691/an-evaluation-of-the-antiaging-properties-of-strawberry-hydrolysate-treatment-enriched-with-l-ascorbic-acid-applied-with-microneedle-mesotherapy
#7
Agata Markiewicz, Malwina Zasada, Anna Erkiert-Polguj, Marzena Wieckowska-Szakiel, Elzbieta Budzisz
BACKGROUND: Mature skin is characterized by a loss of elasticity, hyperpigmentation, and dehydration. L-ascorbic acid stimulates the synthesis of collagen type I, inhibits melanogenesis, and helps to maintain correct skin hydration. Combining microneedle mesotherapy with the application of preparations rich in vitamin C results in better therapeutic effects due to the improved absorption of active substances. The study evaluates the effectiveness of the application of strawberry hydrolysate enriched with L-ascorbic acid using microneedle mesotherapy...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662018/rheological-and-mechanical-properties-of-thermoresponsive-methylcellulose-calcium-phosphate-based-injectable-bone-substitutes
#8
Öznur Demir Oğuz, Duygu Ege
In this study, a novel injectable bone substitute (IBS) was prepared by incorporating a bioceramic powder in a polymeric solution comprising of methylcellulose (MC), gelatin and citric acid. Methylcellulose was utilized as the polymeric matrix due to its thermoresponsive properties and biocompatibility. 2.5 wt % gelatin and 3 wt % citric acid were added to the MC to adjust the rheological properties of the prepared IBS. Then, 0, 20, 30 and 50 wt % of the bioceramic component comprising tetracalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite (TTCP/HA), dicalcium phosphate dehydrate (DCPD) and calcium sulfate dehydrate (CSD) were added into the prepared polymeric component...
April 14, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661578/optimization-of-the-etch-and-rinse-technique-new-perspectives-to-improve-resin-dentin-bonding-and-hybrid-layer-integrity-by-reducing-residual-water-using-dimethyl-sulfoxide-pretreatments
#9
Thiago Henrique Scarabello Stape, Leo Tjäderhane, Gabriel Abuna, Mário Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti, Luís Roberto Marcondes Martins, Arzu Tezvergil-Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether bonding effectiveness and hybrid layer integrity on acid-etched dehydrated dentin would be comparable to the conventional wet-bonding technique through new dentin biomodification approaches using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). METHODS: Etched dentin surfaces from extracted sound molars were randomly bonded in wet or dry conditions (30s air drying) with DMSO/ethanol or DMSO/H2 O as pretreatments using a simplified (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive, 3M ESPE: SU) and a multi-step (Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose, 3M ESPE: SBMP) etch-and-rinse adhesives...
April 13, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661312/development-and-characterisation-of-hybrid-polysaccharide-membranes-for-dehydration-processes
#10
Inês T Meireles, Rosa M Huertas, Cristiana A V Torres, Isabel M Coelhoso, João G Crespo
The purpose of this work is the development and characterisation of new hybrid polysaccharide (FucoPol) membranes. These membranes were prepared by incorporation of a SiO2 network homogeneously dispersed by using a sol-gel method with GPTMS as a crosslinker silica precursor. They were further crosslinked with CaCl2 for reinforcement of mechanical properties and improvement of their permeation performance. They were characterised in terms of their structural, mechanical and thermal properties. They presented a dense and homogeneous structure, resistant to deformation, with a Tg of 43 °C and a thermal decomposition between 240 and 251 °C...
July 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661307/effect-of-ph-and-precursor-salts-on-in-situ-formation-of-calcium-phosphate-nanoparticles-in-methylcellulose-hydrogel
#11
Min Hee Kim, Hanna Park, Won Ho Park
Thermo-reversible hydrogels have been widely studied in biomedical research fields, because of their potential performance in drug delivery and tissue engineering. In this study, a novel thermo-sensitive methylcellulose (MC) hydrogel based on calcium phosphate nanoparticles (CaP NPs) was prepared by in situ formation process in which precursor salts induced a salt-out effect in the MC solution. Based on the Hofmeister series, CaCl2 , Na2 HPO4 , and NaH2 PO4 precursor salts with a good salt-out effect were used as the precursor salts for CaP NPs...
July 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661014/a-novel-protocol-for-generating-intact-whole-head-spider-cephalothorax-tissue-sections
#12
Skye M Long
The diversity of spider behavior and sensory systems provides an excellent opportunity for comparative studies of the relationship between the brain and behavior. However, the morphology of spiders poses a challenge for histologists since the spider cephalothorax contains heterogeneous tissues and has both tough external and internal sclerotized regions. Unlike the heads of insects, the cephalothorax is highly pressurized, which can cause tissues to shift during processing and can reduce tissue cohesion in thick sections...
April 2018: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660927/an-explanation-of-the-reversal-of-erythrocyte-echinocytosis-by-incubation-and-storage-by-serum-albumin
#13
P Wong
It is proposed that the specific reversal by serum albumin of the erythrocyte echinocytosis in an inorganic phosphate buffer saline or in a saline, either after 24 h in blood or after a storage of 6-7 weeks in SGAM or PAGGSM media, is due to a cell dehydration by a decrease of the total NaCl and KCl concentrations favoring the stomatocytogenic slow outward transport of inorganic phosphate with a hydrogen ion by band 3 anion exchanger, which was previously proposed to control the erythrocyte shape. This proposal would indicate that the opposition of the erythrocyte echinocytosis by serum albumin is not limited to binding to echinocytogenic amphiphiles, supported by the ability of the band 3-based mechanism of control of the erythrocyte shape to explain a variety of observations on the erythrocyte shape...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659364/-association-between-central-diabetes-insipidus-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Claudia Palumbo, Nora Nicolaci, Andrés A La Manna, Natalia Branek, María N Pissano
Central diabetes insipidus is a rare disease of the hypothalamus and neurohypophysis. It is very unusually found in the adult with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is manifested by a polydipsic polyuric syndrome, which must be distinguished from the poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus. Given the similarity of both entities and the unusual nature of their coexistence, their suspicion is difficult. The case of a 72-year-old male with type 2 diabetes mellitus with poor insulin control (fasting hyperglycemia greater than 180 mg/dl) who had a long-standing polyuric syndrome is here presented...
2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657678/safety-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-sglt2-i-during-the-month-of-ramadan-in-muslim-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Alaaeldin Bashier, Azza Abdulaziz Khalifa, Elamin Ibrahim Abdelgadir, Maryam Ahmad Al Saeed, Amina Adil Al Qaysi, Murad Burhan Ali Bayati, Budoor Alemadi, Fawzi Bachet, Fatheya Alawadi, Mohammed Hassanein
Objectives: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2-I) are a new class of antidiabetic drugs that might increase the risk of dehydration and hypoglycemia, particularly during the month of Ramadan in which Muslims abstain from eating and drinking for 14-16 hours daily. We aimed to provide real-life evidence about the safety of SGLT2-I during Ramadan. Methods: All patients over the age of 18 years on SGLT2-I before Ramadan 2016 who would be fasting during Ramadan were included...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657029/the-hormone-fgf21-stimulates-water-drinking-in-response-to-ketogenic-diet-and-alcohol
#16
Parkyong Song, Christoph Zechner, Genaro Hernandez, José Cánovas, Yang Xie, Varun Sondhi, Martin Wagner, Vanessa Stadlbauer, Angela Horvath, Bettina Leber, Ming Chang Hu, Orson W Moe, David J Mangelsdorf, Steven A Kliewer
Alcohol and ketogenic diets increase water consumption. Here, we show that the hormone FGF21 is required for this drinking response in mice. Circulating levels of FGF21 are increased by alcohol consumption in humans and by both alcohol and ketogenic diets in mice. Pharmacologic administration of FGF21 stimulates water drinking behavior in mice within 2 hr. Concordantly, mice lacking FGF21 fail to increase water intake in response to either alcohol or a ketogenic diet. The effect of FGF21 on drinking is mediated in part by SIM1-positive neurons of the hypothalamus and is inhibited by β-adrenergic receptor antagonists...
April 12, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656050/an-expanded-treatment-protocol-of-panobinostat-plus-bortezomib-and-dexamethasone-in-patients-with-previously-treated-myeloma
#17
Vincent L Hansen, Morton Coleman, Stephanie Elkins, Jeffrey P Letzer, Moshe Yair Levy, Lasika Seneviratne, Jessica Rine, Marina White, Emil T Kuriakose
BACKGROUND: Panobinostat was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and European Commission in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone for patients with multiple myeloma who have received ≥ 2 regimens, including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory drug. The PANEX (panobinostat expansion) treatment protocol provided access to panobinostat and gathered additional safety data before commercial availability. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In treatment phase 1, patients received panobinostat 20 mg 3 times per week plus bortezomib 1...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655811/retrograde-endovenous-laser-therapy-facilitates-great-saphenous-vein-closure-in-the-setting-of-severe-vasospasm
#18
Ravi N Srinivasa, Rajiv N Srinivasa, Nathan Kafity, Michael Cline, Anthony N Hage, Joseph J Gemmete, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
Antegrade access for endovenous laser therapy may be technically challenging due to patient body habitus, vasospasm, dehydration, and poor visibility of vasculature. This report describes a retrograde approach from the contralateral femoral vein to facilitate laser ablation of the great saphenous vein in the setting of vasospasm. Such a technique may provide a viable alternative in technically difficult situations.
April 12, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655775/relationship-between-water-intake-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-elderly-koreans-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Jun-Il Yoo, Hana Choi M D, Sang-Yoon Song, Ki-Soo Park, Dong-Hoon Lee, Yong-Chan Ha
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the correlation between sarcopenia and water intake and investigate lack of daily water intake in the presence of sarcopenia in an elderly population. METHODS: Data from 3656 participants (1582 men and 2074 women) were analyzed using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sarcopenia was defined in accordance with the criteria of the Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia. Water intake was assessed using the dietary water adequacy ratio and was calculated by dividing the daily water intake from fluid by the recommended daily amount of 1000 mL in men and 900 mL in women...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655723/thermal-behavior-of-inosine-5-monophosphate-in-acidic-form-and-as-alkali-and-alkaline-earth-salts
#20
J H F de Jesus, A P G Ferreira, E T G Cavalheiro
Inosine 5'-monophosphate in acidic form and its lithium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, strontium and barium were prepared from the sodium salt, characterized by elemental analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and submitted to thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry coupled to infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) of the volatile products evolved during heating. All the salts were hydrated containing from 4 to 7.5 H2 O...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
37715
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"