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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087840/vibrio-cholerae-cholix-toxin-induced-hepg2-cell-death-is-enhanced-by-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-through-ros-and-intracellular-signal-regulated-kinases
#1
Kohei Ogura, Yasuhiro Terasaki, Tohru Miyoshi-Akiyama, Mika Terasaki, Joel Moss, Masatoshi Noda, Kinnosuke Yahiro
Cholix toxin (Cholix) from Vibrio cholerae is a potent virulence factor exhibiting ADP-ribosyltransferase activity on eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2) of host cells, resulting in inhibition of protein synthesis. Administration of Cholix or its homologue Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PEA) to mice causes lethal hepatocyte damage. In this study, we demonstrate cytotoxicity of Cholix on immortalized human hepatocytes in the presence of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), which has been reported to play a fatal role in PEA administered to mice...
January 13, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078487/the-role-of-the-nox4-derived-ros-mediated-rhoa-rho-kinase-pathway-in-rat-hypertension-induced-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia
#2
Wen Lu, Jing Kang, Ke Hu, Si Tang, Xiufang Zhou, Lifang Xu, Yuanyuan Li, Shuhui Yu
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, which is a risk factor for resistant hypertension, is characterized by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and is associated with many cardiovascular diseases. CIH elicits systemic oxidative stress and sympathetic hyperactivity, which lead to hypertension. Rho kinases (ROCKs) are considered to be major effectors of the small GTPase RhoA and have been extensively studied in the cardiovascular field. Upregulation of the RhoA/ROCK signaling cascade is observed in various cardiovascular disorders, such as atherosclerosis, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke...
January 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075404/advanced-oxidation-protein-products-modified-albumin-induces-differentiation-of-raw264-7-macrophages-into-dendritic-like-cells-which-is-modulated-by-cell-surface-thiols
#3
Silvano Garibaldi, Chiara Barisione, Barbara Marengo, Pietro Ameri, Claudio Brunelli, Manrico Balbi, Giorgio Ghigliotti
Local accumulation of Advanced Oxidation Protein Products (AOPP) induces pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic processes in kidneys and is an independent predictor of renal fibrosis and of rapid decline of eGFR in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In addition to kidney damage, circulating AOPP may be regarded as mediators of systemic oxidative stress and, in this capacity, they might play a role in the progression of atherosclerotic damage of arterial walls. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves activation of innate and adaptive immunity...
January 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067673/a-novel-stat3-inhibitor-ho-3867-induces-cell-apoptosis-by-reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-human-pancreatic-cancer-cells
#4
Yan Hu, Chengguang Zhao, Hailun Zheng, Kongqin Lu, Dengjian Shi, Zhiguo Liu, Xuanxuan Dai, Yi Zhang, Xiuhua Zhang, Wanle Hu, Guang Liang
Pancreatic cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy among solid tumors and has shown an increasing trend year by year. Thus, there is an urgent need for the discovery of new anticancer drugs for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. In recent years, it has been reported that the compound HO-3867, a novel analog of the natural product curcumin, showed antitumor activity with low toxicity. However, the underlying mechanism of this compound's attack on cancer cells is not very clear. In the present study, it was found that HO-3867 showed good antitumor activity at the concentration of 2 μmol/l in PANC-1 and BXPC-3 cells...
January 6, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066832/antioxidant-supplements-and-semen-parameters-an-evidence-based-review
#5
REVIEW
Sedigheh Ahmadi, Reihane Bashiri, Akram Ghadiri-Anari, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh
Many studies have focused on male infertility. There is limited evidence about the influence of nutrition on quality of semen. Approximately, 30-80% of infertility cases are caused by oxidative stress and decreased level of seminal total antioxidant capacity. This study was aimed to review the effects of oral antioxidant supplements on improving major semen parameters such as sperm concentration, motility, morphology, DNA damage, and fertility rate. Data were extracted from PubMed and Google scholar database by using the terms "antioxidant", "multivitamin", "carnitine", "CoQ10", "vitamin C", "vitamin E", "zinc", "folic acid", "N-acetyl cysteine" and "selenium" combined with "male infertility", "semen", and "sperm" to generate a set of relevant citations...
December 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063998/inhibiting-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-autophagy-enhanced-brazilin-induced-apoptosis-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Zhi-Jing He, Fei-Ya Zhu, Shi-Sheng Li, Liang Zhong, Hong-Yu Tan, Kai Wang
Autophagy modulation has been considered a potential therapeutic strategy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). A previous study confirmed that brazilin might possess significant anti-carcinogenic activity. However, whether brazilin induces autophagy and its roles in cell death in HNSCC are still unclear. In this study, we have shown that brazilin induced significant apoptosis in the Cal27 HNSCC cell line but not in oral keratinocyte cell line (OKC). In addition to showing apoptosis induction, we demonstrated the brazilin-induced autophagic response in the Cal27 cells, as evidenced by the formation of GFP-LC3 puncta, and also showed the upregulation of LC3-II and Beclin-1...
January 4, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059488/resveratrol-ameliorates-palmitate-induced-inflammation-in-skeletal-muscle-cells-by-attenuating-oxidative-stress-and-jnk-nf-kb-pathway-in-a-sirt1-independent-mechanism
#7
Asie Sadeghi, Shadi Sadat Seyyed Ebrahimi, Abolfazl Golestani, Reza Meshkani
Resveratrol has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects in a variety of cell types, however, its role in prevention of inflammatory responses mediated by palmitate in skeletal muscle cells remains unexplored. In the present study we investigated the effects of resveratrol on palmitate-induced inflammation and elucidated the underlying mechanisms in skeletal muscle cells. The results showed that palmitate significantly enhanced TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression and protein secretion from C2C12 cells at 12, 24 and 36h treatments...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045034/premature-senescence-of-endothelial-cells-upon-chronic-exposure-to-tnf%C3%AE-can-be-prevented-by-n-acetyl-cysteine-and-plumericin
#8
Shafaat Y Khan, Ezzat M Awad, Andre Oszwald, Manuel Mayr, Xiaoke Yin, Birgit Waltenberger, Hermann Stuppner, Markus Lipovac, Pavel Uhrin, Johannes M Breuss
Cellular senescence is characterized by a permanent cell-cycle arrest and a pro-inflammatory secretory phenotype, and can be induced by a variety of stimuli, including ionizing radiation, oxidative stress, and inflammation. In endothelial cells, this phenomenon might contribute to vascular disease. Plasma levels of the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) are increased in age-related and chronic conditions such as atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and Crohn's disease. Although TNFα is a known activator of the central inflammatory mediator NF-κB, and can induce the intracellular generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the question whether TNFα can induce senescence has not been answered conclusively...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038427/autophagy-regulates-turnover-of-lipid-droplets-via-ros-dependent-rab25-activation-in-hepatic-stellate-cell
#9
Zili Zhang, Shifeng Zhao, Zhen Yao, Ling Wang, Jiangjuan Shao, Anping Chen, Feng Zhang, Shizhong Zheng
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a pivotal event in liver fibrosis, characterized by dramatic disappearance of lipid droplets (LDs). Although LD disappearance has long been considered one of the hallmarks of HSC activation, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate the role of autophagy in the process of LD disappearance, and to further examine the underlying mechanisms in this molecular context. We found that LD disappearance during HSC activation was associated with a coordinate increase in autophagy...
December 21, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035417/gallic-acid-induces-hela-cell-death-via-increasing-gsh-depletion-rather-than-ros-levels
#10
Woo Hyun Park
Gallic acid (GA; 3,4,5-triphydroxyl-benzoic acid) is widely dispersed in various plants, fruits and foods and it shows various biological properties including anticancer effects. This study investigated the effects of GA on HeLa cervical cancer cells in relation to cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH). GA dose-dependently inhibited the growth of HeLa cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) at 24 or 72 h. The susceptibility of HeLa cells to GA was higher than that of HUVEC...
December 23, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025121/tris-1-3-dichloro-2-propyl-phosphate-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-sh-sy5y-cells-involvement-of-ros-mediated-ampk-mtor-ulk1-pathways
#11
Ruiwen Li, Peijiang Zhou, Yongyong Guo, Jae-Seong Lee, Bingsheng Zhou
Tris (1, 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP), an extensively used organophosphorus flame retardant, is frequently detected in the environment and biota. Recent studies have shown that TDCIPP has neurotoxic effects. We hypothesized that the neurotoxicity might occur via the induction of the apoptosis and autophagy pathways. In the present study, we investigated TDCIPP-induced apoptotic death and autophagy in SH-SY5Y cells. Treatment with TDCIPP induced increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and cell apoptosis, as well as autophagy...
December 23, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024936/nanotoxicity-of-cobalt-induced-by-oxidant-generation-and-glutathione-depletion-in-mcf-7-cells
#12
Mohd Javed Akhtar, Maqusood Ahamed, Hisham A Alhadlaq, Aws Alshamsan
There are very few studies regarding the biological activity of cobalt-based nanoparticles (NPs) and, therefore, the possible mechanism behind the biological response of cobalt NPs has not been fully explored. The present study was designed to explore the potential mechanisms of the cytotoxicity of cobalt NPs in human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells. The shape and size of cobalt NPs were characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). The crystallinity of NPs was determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
December 23, 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994057/foxo3-is-essential-for-protecting-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cells-from-oxidative-dna-damage
#13
Carolina L Bigarella, Jianfeng Li, Pauline Rimmelé, Raymond Liang, Robert W Sobol, Saghi Ghaffari
Accumulation of damaged DNA in hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is associated with chromosomal abnormalities, genomic instability and HSC aging, and might promote hematological malignancies with age. Despite this importance, the regulatory pathways implicated in the HSC DNA damage response have not been fully elucidated. One of the sources of DNA damage is reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by both exogenous and endogenous insults. Balancing ROS levels in HSC requires FOXO3, which is an essential transcription factor for HSC maintenance implicated in HSC aging...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989749/ros-jnk1-2-dependent-activation-of-autophagy-is-required-for-the-induction-of-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-dihydroartemisinin-in-liver-fibrosis
#14
Zili Zhang, Mei Guo, Shifeng Zhao, Jiangjuan Shao, Shizhong Zheng
Accumulating evidence identifies autophagy as an inflammation-related defensive mechanism against diseases including liver fibrosis. Therefore, autophagy may represent a new pharmacologic target for drug development to treat liver fibrosis. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on autophagy, and to further examine the molecular mechanisms of DHA-induced anti-inflammatory effects. We found that DHA appeared to play an essential role in controlling excessive inflammation...
October 27, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987315/partial-protection-by-dietary-antioxidants-against-ethanol-induced-osteopenia-and-changes-in-bone-morphology-in-female-mice
#15
Alexander W Alund, Kelly E Mercer, Casey F Pulliam, Larry J Suva, Jin-Ran Chen, Thomas M Badger, Martin J J Ronis
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol consumption leads to increased fracture risk and an elevated risk of osteoporosis by decreasing bone accrual through increasing osteoclast activity and decreasing osteoblast activity. We have shown that this mechanism involves the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by NADPH oxidases. It was hypothesized that different dietary antioxidants, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC; 1.2 mg/kg/d), and α-tocopherol (Vit.E; 60 mg/kg/d) would be able to attenuate the NADPH oxidase-mediated ROS effects on bone due to chronic alcohol intake...
January 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981650/rosbin-a-synthetic-small-molecule-induces-a549-cells-apoptosis-through-a-ros-mediated-pathway
#16
Ting Zhao, Wenling Jin, Hui Pan, Haizhou Li, Yang Zhao, Yang Feng
Rosbin (Thieno [2, 3-c] piperidine-3-carboxamide-2-[(3-methoxy-naphtha-lene-2-carbonyl)-amino]-6-(benzyl)-, hydrochloride), a synthetic piperidinothieno derivative compound obtained from chemical genetics screenings, significantly suppresses the viability of non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells with an IC50 of 2.05 ± 0.31 µM. It only decreases growth of non-tumour MRC-5 cells at the doses higher than 10 µM. Rosbin induces apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner by reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and increasing activities of caspases-3/7 and caspase-9 in A549 cells, without affecting the activity of caspase-8...
December 16, 2016: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941930/erk-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-through-asic1-in-response-to-acidosis
#17
B Chen, J Liu, T-T Ho, X Ding, Y-Y Mo
Acidic microenvironment is a common feature of solid tumors. We have previously shown that neuron specific acid-sensing ion channel 1 (ASIC1) is expressed in breast cancer, and it is responsible for acidosis-induced cellular signaling through AKT, leading to nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation, and cell invasion and metastasis. However, AKT is frequently activated in cancer. Thus, a key question is whether ASIC1-mediated cell signaling still takes place in the cancer cells carrying constitutively active AKT...
December 12, 2016: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932980/tnf-%C3%AE-induced-cpla2-expression-via-nadph-oxidase-reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-cascade-on-human-pulmonary-alveolar-epithelial-cells
#18
Chih-Chung Lin, Wei-Ning Lin, Rou-Ling Cho, Chen-Yu Wang, Li-Der Hsiao, Chuen-Mao Yang
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) triggers activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and then enhancing the synthesis of prostaglandin (PG) in inflammatory diseases. However, the detailed mechanisms of TNF-α induced cPLA2 expression were not fully defined in human pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs). We found that TNF-α-stimulated increases in cPLA2 mRNA (5.2 folds) and protein (3.9 folds) expression, promoter activity (4.3 folds), and PGE2 secretion (4.7 folds) in HPAEpiCs, determined by Western blot, real-time PCR, promoter activity assay and PGE2 ELISA kit...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926485/axitinib-induces-senescence-associated-cell-death-and-necrosis-in-glioma-cell-lines-the-proteasome-inhibitor-bortezomib-potentiates-axitinib-induced-cytotoxicity-in-a-p21-waf-cip1-dependent-manner
#19
Maria Beatrice Morelli, Consuelo Amantini, Massimo Nabissi, Claudio Cardinali, Matteo Santoni, Giovanni Bernardini, Angela Santoni, Giorgio Santoni
Glioblastoma is associated with a poor overall survival despite new treatment advances. Antiangiogenic strategies targeting VEGF based on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are currently undergoing extensive research for the treatment of glioma.Herein we demonstrated that the TKI axitinib induces DNA damage response (DDR) characterized by γ-H2AX phosphorylation and Chk1 kinase activation leading to G2/M cell cycle arrest and mitotic catastrophe in U87, T98 and U251 glioma cell lines. Moreover, we found that p21(Waf1/Cip1) increased levels correlates with induction of ROS and senescence-associated cell death in U87 and T98 cell lines, which are reverted by N-acetyl cysteine pretreatment...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917341/the-effect-of-n-acetyl-cysteine-nac-on-aluminum-phosphide-poisoning-inducing-cardiovascular-toxicity-a-case-control-study
#20
Fakhreddin Taghaddosinejad, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Mahdi Ghazanfari-Nasrabad, Nastaran Eizadi-Mood, Morteza Hajihosseini, Omid Mehrpour
BACKGROUND: Aluminum phosphide (AlP) is a very effective indoor and outdoor pesticide. We investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on the survival time, hemodynamics, and cardiac biochemical parameters at various time intervals in some cases of AlP poisoning. METHODS: This research was a case-control study to evaluate 63 AlP poisoned patients during 2010-2012. Patients with cardiovascular complications of AlP to be treated with intravenous NAC plus conventional treatment were considered as the case group and compared with patients who did not receive NAC...
2016: SpringerPlus
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