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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#1
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733926/perioperative-management-of-endocrine-insufficiency-after-total-pancreatectomy-for-neoplasia
#2
REVIEW
Ajay V Maker, Raashid Sheikh, Vinita Bhagia
PURPOSE: Indications for total pancreatectomy (TP) have increased, including for diffuse main duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and malignancy; therefore, the need persists for surgeons to develop appropriate endocrine post-operative management strategies. The brittle diabetes after TP differs from type 1/2 diabetes in that patients have absolute deficiency of insulin and functional glucagon. This makes glucose management challenging, complicates recovery, and predisposes to hospital readmissions...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731823/maternal-fetal-outcomes-in-34-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-in-sensor-augmented-insulin-pump-therapy
#3
Ana María Gómez, Lisseth Fernanda Marín Carrillo, Carol M Arévalo Correa, Oscar Mauricio Muñoz Velandia, Martín Alonso Rondón Sepúlveda, Jaime Luis Silva Herrera, Diana Cristina Henao Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is associated with increased risk of maternal complications and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Optimizing glycemic control improves these outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of using sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy (SAPT) and SAPT + low-glucose suspension (LGS) on pregnant women with T1D, including neonatal and maternal outcomes. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in women with T1D who started SAPT and SAPT + LGS before or during pregnancy at the San Ignacio University Hospital Diabetes Center in Bogotá, Colombia...
July 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720235/self-efficacy-and-self-care-behaviours-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Melba Sheila D'Souza, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Kader Parahoo, Ramesh Venkatesaperumal, Susan Achora, Arcalyd Rose R Cayaban
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has an impact on an individuals' health and is influenced by glycemic control. AIM: To examine the relationship between glycemic control, demographic and clinical factors on self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with T2DM. DESIGN: A correlational, descriptive study was used. One hundred and forty Omani adults with T2DM were recruited from a public hospital. METHODS: Data on self-efficacy, self-care behaviours and glycemic control were collected between April and July 2016...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717335/evaluation-of-therapeutic-effectiveness-of-prescribed-medications-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#5
Bareera Rana, Allah Bukhsh, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Ammar Sarwar, Muhammad Ovais Omer, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
AIM: The present study was aimed to highlight the current prescribing pattern of oral hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of these therapeutic categories in achieving target glycemic control. METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study of 6 months' duration conducted in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore, Pakistan. RESULTS: The current research recruited 145 patients presented in diabetes management center of a tertiary care hospital in Lahore, Pakistan...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708678/dysglycemia-glycemic-variability-and-outcome-after-cardiac-arrest-and-temperature-management-at-33%C3%A2-c-and-36%C3%A2-c
#6
Ola Borgquist, Matt P Wise, Niklas Nielsen, Nawaf Al-Subaie, Julius Cranshaw, Tobias Cronberg, Guy Glover, Christian Hassager, Jesper Kjaergaard, Michael Kuiper, Ondrej Smid, Andrew Walden, Hans Friberg
OBJECTIVES: Dysglycemia and glycemic variability are associated with poor outcomes in critically ill patients. Targeted temperature management alters blood glucose homeostasis. We investigated the association between blood glucose concentrations and glycemic variability and the neurologic outcomes of patients randomized to targeted temperature management at 33°C or 36°C after cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of the multicenter TTM-trial. Primary outcome of this analysis was neurologic outcome after 6 months, referred to as "Cerebral Performance Category...
August 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706545/effect-of-face-to-face-education-problem-based-learning-and-goldstein-systematic-training-model-on-quality-of-life-and-fatigue-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-diabetes
#7
Reza Masoudi, Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Shahram Baraz, Ashrafalsadat Hakim, Yiong H Chan
BACKGROUND: Education is a fundamental component for patients with diabetes to achieve good glycemic control. In addition, selecting the appropriate method of education is one of the most effective factors in the quality of life. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of face-to-face education, problem-based learning, and Goldstein systematic training model on the quality of life (QOL) and fatigue among caregivers of patients with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Hajar Hospital (Shahrekord, Iran) in 2012...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699089/cardiovascular-safety-of-antidiabetic-drugs-in-the-hospital-setting
#8
REVIEW
Stacey A Seggelke, Mark C Lindsay, Ingrid Hazlett, Rebecca Sanagorski, Robert H Eckel, Cecilia C Low Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with diabetes and/or stress hyperglycemia requires good glycemic control in the hospital setting, often requiring the use of glucose-lowering therapy. Standard-of-care dictates that non-insulin therapy be discontinued, with insulin therapy initiated using a basal-bolus approach. However, insulin is associated with a high risk for hypoglycemia and medical errors. Alternatives to insulin are needed in the inpatient setting, but the cardiovascular (CV) safety of non-insulin therapy is a concern...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698818/the-association-between-the-baseline-bone-resorption-marker-ctx-and-incident-dysglycemia-after-4-years
#9
Ting-Ting Liu, Dong-Mei Liu, Yan Xuan, Lin Zhao, Li-Hao Sun, Dian-Dian Zhao, Xiao-Feng Wang, Yang He, Xing-Zhi Guo, Rui Du, Ji-Qiu Wang, Jian-Min Liu, Hong-Yan Zhao, Bei Tao
Bone is an endocrine organ involved in modulating glucose homeostasis. The role of the bone formation marker osteocalcin (OCN) in predicting diabetes was reported, but with conflicting results. No study has explored the association between baseline bone resorption activity and incident diabetes or prediabetes during follow-up. Our objective was to examine the relationship between the baseline bone resorption marker crosslinked C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and glycemic dysregulation after 4 years. This longitudinal study was conducted in a university teaching hospital...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695169/chemotherapy-and-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-cancer-a-comparative-case-analysis
#10
Denise Soltow Hershey, Sarah Hession
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with diabetes who develop cancer have a worse 5-year overall survival rate and are more likely to develop an infection and/or be hospitalized when compared to those without diabetes. Patients with diabetes and cancer receiving chemotherapy have an increased risk for developing glycemic issues. The relationship between chemotherapy and glycemic control is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between glycemic control, symptoms, physical and mental function, development of adverse events, and chemotherapy reductions or stoppages in adults with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cancer...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693789/real-life-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-2-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#11
Joseph Meyerovitch, Maya Zlotnik, Michal Yackobovitch-Gavan, Moshe Phillip, Shlomit Shalitin
OBJECTIVES: To characterize children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) insured by a large health maintenance organization, and to identify variables associated with treatment quality and disease outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Children and adolescents diagnosed with T2DM over a 9-year period were identified from the database of Clalit Health Services, a large health maintenance organization in Israel (1 213 362 members aged 0-18 years). Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory data were analyzed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683796/effectiveness-of-dapagliflozin-on-vascular-endothelial-function-and-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-early-stage-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-defence-study
#12
Fumika Shigiyama, Naoki Kumashiro, Masahiko Miyagi, Kayoko Ikehara, Eiichiro Kanda, Hiroshi Uchino, Takahisa Hirose
BACKGROUND: Recent studies reported that sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors can potentially reduce the risk of cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there is little or no information on the therapeutic effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on the progression of atherosclerosis. This dapagliflozin effectiveness on vascular endothelial function and glycemic control (DEFENCE) study was designed to determine the effects of dapagliflozin, a SGLT2 inhibitor, on endothelial function in patients with early-stage T2DM...
July 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683239/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-glargine-and-detemir-insulin-in-the-management-of-inpatient-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes
#13
Rodolfo J Galindo, Georgia M Davis, Maya Fayfman, David Reyes-Umpierrez, David Alfa, Limin Peng, Ronald Tamler, Francisco J Pasquel, Guillermo E Umpierrez
OBJECTIVE: Glargine and detemir insulin are the two most commonly prescribed basal insulin analogs for the ambulatory and inpatient management of diabetes. The efficacy and safety of basal insulin analogs in the hospital setting has not been established. METHODS: This observational study compared differences in glycemic control and outcomes in non-ICU patients with blood glucose (BG) >140 mg/dl who were treated with glargine or detemir, between 01/01/2012 and 09/30/2015 in two academic centers...
July 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672734/subclinical-hypothyroidism-does-not-influence-the-metabolic-and-hormonal-profile-of-women-with-pcos
#14
Eftihios Trakakis, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Periklis Panagopoulos, Ioannis Salloum, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Background Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is present in 5%-10% of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. To date, its impact on the metabolic and hormonal profile of those women remains controversial. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the impact of SCH on the glycemic, lipid and hormonal profile of PCOS patients. Materials and methods We conducted a prospective case control study of patients that attended the Department of Gynecological Endocrinology of our hospital. Results Overall, 280 women with PCOS were enrolled during a time period of 7 years (2009-2015)...
June 23, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668719/evaluation-of-the-timing-and-coordination-of-prandial-insulin-administration-in-the-hospital
#15
Dhuha Alwan, Esther Chipps, Po-Yin Yen, Kathleen Dungan
AIMS: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of coordinated insulin delivery and capillary blood glucose (CBG) levels among hospitalized patients and to assess nurse perceptions of insulin administration. METHODS: Hospitalized patients (n=451) receiving rapid acting insulin analog (RAIA) using carbohydrate counting were retrospectively analyzed. Nurses (n=35) were asked to complete an 18-item anonymous survey assessing perception of RAIA dosing...
June 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664634/comparable-glycemic-outcomes-for-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-patients-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-of-western-australia-a-population-based-study
#16
Kiranjit K Joshi, Aveni Haynes, Grant Smith, Timothy W Jones, Elizabeth A Davis
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Western Australia (WA) are managed by a single, specialist multidisciplinary diabetes service based at a central tertiary hospital in the capital city, Perth, which provides outreach care in regional centers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that outcomes for a contemporary, population-based pediatric T1D cohort, managed by a single tertiary service are similar for metropolitan and non-metropolitan patients using this model of care...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664252/nutrition-and-hyperglycemia-management-in-the-inpatient-setting-meals-on-demand-parenteral-or-enteral-nutrition
#17
REVIEW
Andjela T Drincic, Jon T Knezevich, Padmaja Akkireddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to provide the latest evidence and expert recommendations for management of hospitalized patients with diabetes or hyperglycemia receiving enteral (EN), parenteral (PN) nutrition support or, those with unrestricted oral diet, consuming meals on demand. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with and without diabetes mellitus commonly develop hyperglycemia while receiving EN or PN support, placing them at increased risk of adverse outcomes, including in-hospital mortality...
August 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662968/adherence-to-guidelines-for-inpatient-pharmacologic-management-of-type-2-diabetes-and-glycemic-outcomes
#18
Resheed Alkhiari, Hussain Alzayer, Jafar Aljazeeri, Thuva Vanniyasingam, Zubin Punthakee
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is often poorly managed in hospitals. This study assessed the level of adherence to current Canadian practice guidelines for inpatient pharmacologic management of type 2 diabetes and whether it affected the frequency of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. METHODS: Retrospectively, we assessed the first 3 days of routine inpatient capillary blood glucose measurement (CBGM) records for hyperglycemia (>8 mmol/L fasting, >10 mmol/L nonfasting) and hypoglycemia (<4 mmol/L) in adults with drug-treated type 2 diabetes admitted to internal medicine without metabolic decompensation or nil per os (NPO) status at 2 hospitals during October through December 2014...
June 26, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654350/use-of-telehealth-videoconferencing-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-in-oregon
#19
Ines Guttmann-Bauman, Joannie Kono, Amber Laurie Lin, Katrina L Ramsey, Bruce A Boston
INTRODUCTION: We reviewed the impact of telehealth videoconferencing clinics on outcomes of care in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes in rural Oregon. METHODS: We performed a chart review as well as the review of patient satisfaction questionnaires from 27 patients seen in the first year of the program. RESULTS: The number of yearly visits to diabetes clinic increased from average 1.5 to 2.7, which was statistically significant (p < 0...
June 27, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653181/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-the-management-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Talal H Muzaffar, Ahmad Almulla
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is on a continuous rise worldwide, with major studies clearly correlating obesity with the development of chronic metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes. Bariatric surgery has proven to be beneficial in the management of this condition; however, a limited number of studies exist on its effect on type 1 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for the management of patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1)...
June 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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