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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643113/-safety-culture-in-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-course-concept-interpersonal-competence-by-the-german-society-for-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou-and-lufthansa-aviation-training
#1
REVIEW
A-K Doepfer, R Seemann, D Merschin, R Stange, M Egerth, M Münzberg, M Mutschler, B Bouillon, R Hoffmann
Patient safety has become a central and measurable key factor in the routine daily medical practice. The human factor plays a decisive role in safety culture and has moved into focus regarding the reduction of treatment errors and undesired critical incidents. Nonetheless, the systematic training in communication and interpersonal competences has so far only played a minor role. The German Society of Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU) in cooperation with the Lufthansa Aviation Training initiated a course system for interpersonal competence...
June 22, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641688/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#2
(no author information available yet)
Mitchell AL. You're the flight surgeon: aviator with myocardial ischemia. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(7):697-700.
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641683/a-review-of-general-aviation-safety-1984-2017
#3
Douglas D Boyd
General aviation includes all civilian aviation apart from operations involving paid passenger transport. Unfortunately, this category of aviation holds a lackluster safety record, accounting for 94% of civil aviation fatalities. In 2014, of 1143 general aviation accidents, 20% were fatal compared with 0 of 29 airline mishaps in the United States. Herein, research findings over the past 30 yr will be reviewed. Accident risk factors (e.g., adverse weather, geographical region, post-impact fire, gender differences) will be discussed...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641678/cognitive-deterioration-in-moderate-and-severe-hypobaric-hypoxia-conditions
#4
Jeremy M A Beer, Barry S Shender, Daren Chauvin, Todd S Dart, Joseph Fischer
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia continues to present risks in military aviation. Hypoxia symptoms include sensory and cognitive effects; of these, it is important to identify which components of operator performance are most vulnerable to hypoxia-induced decline in order to determine which sensory modality is most effective for alerting an impaired aviator of an imminent hypoxic episode. METHODS: A study was performed in a hypobaric chamber to characterize deterioration of cognitive performance under moderate (MH) and severe (SH) hypoxia conditions, culminating in subjects' inability to perform tasks...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639650/mechanisms-of-h-and-co-loss-from-the-uracil-nucleobase-following-low-energy-electron-irradiation
#5
Mark A Fennimore, Tolga N V Karsili, Spiridoula Matsika
Ionising radiation in cells generates secondary low energy electrons (LEEs) which can induce biomolecular damage when incident upon a particular biomolecule. Notable biomolecules include those contained within double-stranded DNA and RNA helices, which upon exposure to LEEs, may form reactive intermediate products that show detriment to their specific structures and functions. Such damaging processes are understood to proceed via dissociative electron attachment (DEA). Using anion resonance stabilisation methods, coupled to state-of-the-art electronic structure methods, and reaction path mapping, the work presented herein highlights the detailed mechanisms associated with molecular elimination of CO and H from the uracil nucleobase following LEE irradiation - providing a rationale for earlier experiments...
June 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617310/development-of-an-automatic-testing-platform-for-aviator-s-night-vision-goggle-honeycomb-defect-inspection
#6
Bo-Lin Jian, Chao-Chung Peng
Due to the direct influence of night vision equipment availability on the safety of night-time aerial reconnaissance, maintenance needs to be carried out regularly. Unfortunately, some defects are not easy to observe or are not even detectable by human eyes. As a consequence, this study proposed a novel automatic defect detection system for aviator's night vision imaging systems AN/AVS-6(V)1 and AN/AVS-6(V)2. An auto-focusing process consisting of a sharpness calculation and a gradient-based variable step search method is applied to achieve an automatic detection system for honeycomb defects...
June 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616639/-assessment-of-physicians-results-of-a-sample-analysis-for-the-selection-of-physicians-for-staff-positions
#7
P Anheuser, J Kranz, K P Dieckmann, J Steffens, V Oubaid
As in aviation and other organizations requiring high levels of safety, medical complications and errors can in most cases be traced back to the human factor as a main cause. The correct selection of medical students and physicians is therefore very important, especially in leadership and key positions. This is not only a necessary safety aspect but also the prerequisite for the stipulated efficiency of modern medicine.
June 14, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614234/motion-based-equilibrium-reprocessing-therapy-a-novel-treatment-method-for-chronic-peripheral-vestibulopathies-a-pilot-study
#8
Mirke S Hondebrink, Agali Mert, Roos van der Lint, J Alexander de Ru, Peter van der Wurff
Rehabilitation for vestibular disease is a safe method to partially alleviate symptoms of vertigo. It was hypothesized that principles of military aviation vestibular desensitization procedures that have a success rate of more than 80% can be extrapolated to chronic vestibular disease as well.The virtual reality motion base computer-assisted rehabilitation environment was used as treatment modality in 17 patients. They were exposed to sinusoidal vertical passive whole body motion in increasing intensity for a maximum of 12 sessions...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613985/safety-management-systems-in-aviation-second-edition
#9
Susan Szasz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593718/metal-immiscibility-route-to-synthesis-of-ultrathin-carbides-borides-and-nitrides
#10
Zixing Wang, Vidya Kochat, Prafull Pandey, Sanjay Kashyap, Soham Chattopadhyay, Atanu Samanta, Suman Sarkar, Praveena Manimunda, Xiang Zhang, Syed Asif, Abhisek K Singh, Kamanio Chattopadhyay, Chandra Sekhar Tiwary, Pulickel M Ajayan
Ultrathin ceramic coatings are of high interest as protective coatings from aviation to biomedical applications. Here, a generic approach of making scalable ultrathin transition metal-carbide/boride/nitride using immiscibility of two metals is demonstrated. Ultrathin tantalum carbide, nitride, and boride are grown using chemical vapor deposition by heating a tantalum-copper bilayer with corresponding precursor (C2 H2 , B powder, and NH3 ). The ultrathin crystals are found on the copper surface (opposite of the metal-metal junction)...
June 8, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588965/long-shadow-of-fear-in-an-epidemic-fearonomic-effects-of-ebola-on-the-private-sector-in-nigeria
#11
Sulzhan Bali, Kearsley A Stewart, Muhammad Ali Pate
BACKGROUND: The already significant impact of the Ebola epidemic on Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, was worsened by a fear of contagion that aggravated the health crisis. However, in contrast to other Ebola-affected countries, Nigeria fared significantly better due to its swift containment of the disease. The objective of our study was to describe the impact of Ebola on the Nigerian private sector. This paper introduces and defines the term fearonomic effect as the direct and indirect economic effects of both misinformation as well as fear-induced aversion behaviour, exhibited by individuals, organisations or countries during an outbreak or an epidemic...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587446/stiff-thermally-stable-and-highly-anisotropic-wood-derived-carbon-composite-monoliths-for-electromagnetic-interference-shielding
#12
Ye Yuan, Xianxian Sun, Minglong Yang, Fan Xu, Zaishan Lin, Xu Zhao, Yujie Ding, Jianjun Li, Weilong Yin, Qingyu Peng, Xiaodong He, Yibin Li
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials for electronic devices in aviation and aerospace not only need lightweight and high shielding effectiveness, but also should withstand harsh environments. Traditional EMI shielding materials often show heavy weight, poor thermal stability, short lifetime, poor tolerance to chemicals, and are hard-to-manufacture. Searching for high-efficiency EMI shielding materials overcoming the above weaknesses is still a great challenge. Herein, inspired by the unique structure of natural wood, lightweight and highly anisotropic wood-derived carbon composite EMI shielding materials have been prepared which possess not only high EMI shielding performance and mechanical stable characteristics, but also possess thermally stable properties, outperforming those metals, conductive polymers, and their composites...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584323/impact-of-special-aviation-gymnastics-instruments-training-on-selected-hormones-in-cadets-blood-serum-and-plasma
#13
Zbigniew Wochyński, Krzysztof Sobiech
OBJECTIVES: This study has aimed at investigating the impact of the Special Aviation Gymnastics Instruments (SAGI) training scheme on the blood serum cortisol, testosterone, insulin, and plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine in comparison with a control group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five cadets, aged 20 years old, participated in the study. Cadets were divided into 2 groups: A (N = 41) - the SAGI-trained, and B (N = 14) - the control group. In both groups, blood was the examined material, sampled twice: before the training session (BT) and after the training session (AT), at the beginning (training session I), during (training session II), and after completion of the SAGI training session (training session III)...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578268/carbon-emission-allowance-allocation-with-a-mixed-mechanism-in-air-passenger-transport
#14
Rui Qiu, Jiuping Xu, Ziqiang Zeng
Air passenger transport carbon emissions have become a great challenge for both governments and airlines because of rapid developments in the aviation industry in recent decades. In this paper, a mixed mechanism composed of a cap-and-trade mechanism and a carbon tax mechanism is developed to assist governments in allocating carbon emission allowances to airlines operating on the routes. Combined this mixed mechanism with an equilibrium strategy, a bi-level multi-objective model is proposed for an air passenger transport carbon emission allowance allocation problem, in which a government is considered as a leader and the airlines as the followers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570332/environmental-neurologic-injuries
#15
Rodolfo Savica
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses neurologic complications resulting from environmental injuries and the treatment modalities for these conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advances include improved management of altitude sickness. Relatively uncommon conditions, such as keraunoparalysis (lightning-induced paralysis) and high-pressure neurologic syndrome, are areas of ongoing study. SUMMARY: Environmental injuries may be associated with serious neurologic sequelae...
June 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567216/the-need-for-an-implant-identification-card-at-airport-security-check
#16
Erden Ali, Dennis Kosuge, Andrew MacDowell
BACKGROUND: Joint replacement surgery is having an increasing demand as national healthcare systems confront an ever ageing population. Surgical complications associated with lower limb arthroplasty are well known but less investigation has been performed examining its effect on air travel, more specifically, unwanted and significant inconvenience caused to travelers going through airport security. METHODS: In lower limb arthroplasty clinics, 50 patients who met our selection criteria were given questionnaires...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557343/progression-of-early-repolarization-patterns-at-a-four-year-follow-up-in-a-female-flight-crew-population-implications-for-aviation-medicine
#17
Gwénolé Rohel, Eric Perrier, Aurélien Delluc, Jonathan Monin, Olivier Manen, Philippe Paule, Marie Piquemal, Jacques Mansourati, Ulric Vinsonneau
BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence, the appearance, and the distribution, as well as the fluctuation over time of early repolarization patterns after four years in a female population derived from the French aviation sector. METHODS: This was a retrospective longitudinal study from 1998 to 2010 of a population of female employees who received a full clinical examination and an electrocardiogram (ECG) upon their recruitment and after a period of four years. RESULTS: A total of 306 women were included (average of 25...
May 30, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550989/biosynthesis-of-medium-chain-length-alkanes-for-bio-aviation-fuel-by-metabolic-engineered-escherichia-coli
#18
Meng Wang, Kaili Nie, Hao Cao, Haijun Xu, Yunming Fang, Tianwei Tan, Jan Baeyens, Luo Liu
The aim of this work was to study the synthesis of medium-chain length alkanes (MCLA), as bio-aviation product. To control the chain length of alkanes and increase the production of MCLA, Escherichia coli cells were engineered by incorporating (i) a chain length specific thioesterase from Umbellularia californica (UC), (ii) a plant origin acyl carrier protein (ACP) gene and (iii) the whole fatty acid synthesis system (FASs) from Jatropha curcas (JC). The genetic combination was designed to control the product spectrum towards optimum MCLA...
September 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543437/the-adenoid-its-history-and-a-cautionary-tale
#19
Robert J Ruben
The existence of the adenoid first appears to have been noted by Conrad Victor Schneider in 1661. James Yearsley reported in 1842 one case in which he improved hearing by removal of a mucus membrane from behind the uvula, which indicates some appreciation of a relationship of the nasopharynx to ear disease. Hans Wilhelm Meyer, in 1868, was the first to demonstrate the relationship of the adenoid to ear disease and to develop an effective, although somewhat difficult, surgical operation to remove the adenoid...
June 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541739/visualization-of-large-scale-narrative-data-describing-human-error
#20
William J Irwin, Saul D Robinson, Stephen M Belt
Objective Introduced is a visual data exploration technique for compiling, reducing, organizing, visually rendering, and filtering text-based narratives for detailed analysis. Background The analysis of data sets provides an increasingly difficult problem. The method of visual representation is considered an effective tool in many applications. The focus of this study was to determine if a latent semantic analysis-based projection of narrative data into a geographic information systems software program provided a useful tool for reducing and organizing large sums of narrative data for analysis...
June 2017: Human Factors
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