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CA1 interactions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774448/the-expression-alteration-of-bc1-rna-and-its-interaction-with-eukaryotic-translation-initiation-factor-eif4a-post-status-epilepticus
#1
Xiangchang Zeng, Wenjing Zong, Qing Gao, Siyu Chen, Lulu Chen, Guirong Zeng, Weihua Huang, Zhenyu Li, Chang Zeng, Yuanyuan Xie, Xiaohui Li, Bo Xiao, Dongsheng-Ouyang, Kai Hu
Abnormal dendritic sprouting and synaptic remodelling are important pathological features of temporal lobe epilepsy. BC1 RNA is a translation repressor involved in the regulation of the dendritic protein synthesis and mRNA transport, which is essential for dendritic development and plasticity. The expression alteration of BC1 RNA in the pilocarpine induced epilepsy model remains unknown. It is unclear if the interactions between BC1 RNA and eukaryotic initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) exists in this model. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression changes of BC1 RNA and its interactions with eIF4A post-status epilepticus (SE)...
May 17, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750314/screening-of-differentially-expressed-genes-in-male-idiopathic-osteoporosis-via-rna-sequencing
#2
Li Feng, Yan Wang, Jing Zhou, Baofang Tian, Bo Xia
As a type of osteoporosis (OP), male idiopathic OP (MIO) is a bone disorder that occurs in young males and is a public health problem worldwide. However, the detailed pathogenesis of MIO remains to be elucidated. In the present study, blood samples of patients with MIO, senile OP, postmenopausal OP and normal controls (NCs) were obtained for RNA sequencing. Compared with the NC group, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the three types of OP were identified. DEGs that were common among the three types of OP and the DEGs that were unique to patients with MIO were determined...
May 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743870/absence-of-wdr13-gene-predisposes-mice-to-mild-social-isolation-chronic-stress-leading-to-depression-like-phenotype-associated-with-differential-expression-of-synaptic-proteins
#3
Shiladitya Mitra, Ghantasala S Sameer Kumar, B Jyothi Lakshmi, Suman Thakur, Satish Kumar
We earlier reported that the male mice lacking the Wdr13 gene ( Wdr13 -/0 ) showed mild anxiety, better memory retention, and up-regulation of synaptic proteins in the hippocampus. With increasing evidences from parallel studies in our laboratory about the possible role of Wdr13 in stress response, we investigated its role in brain. We observed that Wdr13 transcript gets up-regulated in the hippocampus of the wild-type mice exposed to stress. To further dissect its function, we analyzed the behavioral and molecular phenotypes of Wdr13 -/0 mice when subjected to mild chronic psychological stress, namely; mild (attenuated) social isolation...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742958/mitochondrial-zn-2-accumulation-a-potential-trigger-of-hippocampal-ischemic-injury
#4
Sung G Ji, Yuliya V Medvedeva, Hwai-Lee Wang, Hong Z Yin, John H Weiss
Ischemic stroke is a major cause of death and disabilities worldwide, and it has been long hoped that improved understanding of relevant injury mechanisms would yield targeted neuroprotective therapies. While Ca2+ overload during ischemia-induced glutamate excitotoxicity has been identified as a major contributor, failures of glutamate targeted therapies to achieve desired clinical efficacy have dampened early hopes for the development of new treatments. However, additional studies examining possible contributions of Zn2+ , a highly prevalent cation in the brain, have provided new insights that may help to rekindle the enthusiasm...
May 1, 2018: Neuroscientist: a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726877/a-color-tunable-and-white-light-emitting-ca-2-si-5-n-8-ce-3-eu-2-phosphor-via-efficient-energy-transfer-for-near-uv-white-leds
#5
Chao Li, Hongwei Zheng, Hengwei Wei, Shijie Qiu, Ling Xu, Xiaoming Wang, Huan Jiao
Achieving tunable color and white light emission in a single phase phosphor is a challenging issue. Here, a series of Ce3+-Eu2+ co-doped Ca2Si5N8 phosphors were successfully synthesized by a high temperature solid state method. Luminescence properties, energy transfer (ET) and thermal quenching of the as-synthesized samples were investigated in detail. The emission color of as-prepared Ca1.94Na0.03Si5N8:0.03Ce3+,yEu2+ (0.0000 ≤ y ≤ 0.0035) could be tuned from blue to white light and eventually to orange via ET by changing the Ce3+/Eu2+ ratio...
May 4, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723670/circuit-mechanisms-of-hippocampal-reactivation-during-sleep
#6
Paola Malerba, Maxim Bazhenov
The hippocampus is important for memory and learning, being a brain site where initial memories are formed and where sharp wave - ripples (SWR) are found, which are responsible for mapping recent memories to long-term storage during sleep-related memory replay. While this conceptual schema is well established, specific intrinsic and network-level mechanisms driving spatio-temporal patterns of hippocampal activity during sleep, and specifically controlling off-line memory reactivation are unknown. In this study, we discuss a model of hippocampal CA1-CA3 network generating spontaneous characteristic SWR activity...
April 30, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715265/mice-lacking-the-transcriptional-regulator-bhlhe40-have-enhanced-neuronal-excitability-and-impaired-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-hippocampus
#7
Kelly A Hamilton, Yue Wang, Sophia M Raefsky, Sean Berkowitz, Ryan Spangler, Caitlin N Suire, Simonetta Camandola, Robert H Lipsky, Mark P Mattson
Bhlhe40 is a transcription factor that is highly expressed in the hippocampus; however, its role in neuronal function is not well understood. Here, we used Bhlhe40 null mice on a congenic C57Bl6/J background (Bhlhe40 KO) to investigate the impact of Bhlhe40 on neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus. Bhlhe40 KO CA1 neurons had increased miniature excitatory post-synaptic current amplitude and decreased inhibitory post-synaptic current amplitude, indicating CA1 neuronal hyperexcitability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702698/comprehensive-behavioral-analysis-of-the-cdkl5-knockout-mice-revealed-significant-enhancement-in-anxiety-and-fear-related-behaviors-and-impairment-in-both-acquisition-and-long-term-retention-of-spatial-reference-memory
#8
Kosuke Okuda, Keizo Takao, Aya Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa, Masashi Mizuguchi, Teruyuki Tanaka
Mutations in the Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) gene cause severe neurodevelopmental disorders. Recently we have generated Cdkl5 KO mice by targeting exon 2 on the C57BL/6N background, and demonstrated postsynaptic overaccumulation of GluN2B-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the hippocampus. In the current study, we subjected the Cdkl5 KO mice to a battery of comprehensive behavioral tests, aiming to reveal the effects of loss of CDKL5 in a whole perspective of motor, emotional, social, and cognition/memory functions, and to identify its undetermined roles...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686616/estradiol-activates-pi3k-akt-gsk3-pathway-under-chronic-neurodegenerative-conditions-triggered-by-perinatal-asphyxia
#9
G Ezequiel Saraceno, Maria J Bellini, Luis M Garcia-Segura, Francisco Capani
Perinatal asphyxia (PA) remains as one of the most important causes of short-term mortality, psychiatric and neurological disorders in children, without an effective treatment. In previous studies we have observed that the expression of different neurodegenerative markers increases in CA1 hippocampal area of 4-months-old male rats born by cesarean section and exposed for 19 min to PA. We have also shown that a late treatment with 17β estradiol (daily dose of 250 μg/kg for 3 days) was able to revert the brain alterations observed in those animals...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681795/delta-opioid-receptor-signaling-promotes-resilience-to-stress-under-the-repeated-social-defeat-paradigm-in-mice
#10
Mathilde S Henry, Kanchan Bisht, Nathalie Vernoux, Louis Gendron, Angélica Torres-Berrio, Guy Drolet, Marie-Ève Tremblay
The adaptation to chronic stress is highly variable across individuals. Resilience to stress is a complex process recruiting various brain regions and neurotransmitter systems. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of endogenous opioid enkephalin (ENK) signaling in the development of stress resilience in mice. The translational model of repeated social defeat (RSD) stress was selected to mimic the unpredictable disruptions of daily life and induce resilience or vulnerability to stress. As in humans, adult C57BL/6J mice demonstrated a great variability in their response to stress under this paradigm...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679289/cross-state-dependency-of-learning-between-tramadol-and-mk-801-in-the-mouse-dorsal-hippocampus-involvement-of-nitric-oxide-no-signaling-pathway
#11
Majid Jafari-Sabet, Shiva Amiri, Ramin Ataee
RATIONALE: Tramadol, an atypical μ-opioid receptor agonist, as a psychoactive drug, is frequently abused by human beings. Understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of drug-associated learning and memory formation may help prevent drug addiction and relapse. Previous study revealed that dorsal hippocampus (CA1) plays a crucial role in the retrieval of tramadol-associated memory and that its role depends on the expression of CA1 N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (Jafari-Sabet et al...
April 21, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603402/expression-of-crym-in-different-rat-organs-during-development-and-its-decreased-expression-in-degenerating-pyramidal-tracts-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#12
Reiji Hommyo, Satoshi O Suzuki, Nona Abolhassani, Hideomi Hamasaki, Masahiro Shijo, Norihisa Maeda, Hiroyuki Honda, Yusaku Nakabeppu, Toru Iwaki
The protein μ-crystallin (CRYM) is a novel component of the marsupial lens that has two functions: it is a key regulator of thyroid hormone transportation and a reductase of sulfur-containing cyclic ketimines. In this study, we examined changes of the expression pattern of CRYM in different rat organs during development using immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. As CRYM is reportedly expressed in the corticospinal tract, we also investigated CRYM expression in human cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using immunohistochemistry...
March 30, 2018: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601142/relocating-cued-goals-induces-population-remapping-in-ca1-related-to-memory-performance-in-a-two-platform-water-task-in-rats
#13
Justin Quinn Lee, Deryn O LeDuke, Kate Chua, Robert J McDonald, Robert J Sutherland
The activity of CA1 neurons in the rodent hippocampus represents multiple aspects of learning episodes, including cue and place information. Previous reports on cue and place representation in CA1 have examined activity in single neurons and population recordings during free exploration of an environment or when actions are directed to either cue or place aspects of memory tasks. To better understand cue and place memory representation in CA1, and how these interact during goal-directed navigation, we investigated population activity in CA1 during memory encoding and retrieval in a novel water task with two visibly distinct platforms, using mRNA for immediate early genes Arc and Homer1a as markers of neural activity...
March 30, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593510/chronic-stress-alters-behavior-in-the-forced-swim-test-and-underlying-neural-activity-in-animals-exposed-to-alcohol-prenatally-sex-and-time-dependent-effects
#14
Vivian Y Y Lam, Charlis Raineki, Lily E Takeuchi, Linda Ellis, Todd S Woodward, Joanne Weinberg
Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress response has been suggested to play a role in vulnerability to stress-related disorders, such as depression. Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may result in HPA dysregulation, which in turn may predispose individuals to the effects of stress exposure throughout life, and increase their risk of developing depression compared to unexposed individuals. We examined the immediate and delayed effects of chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) in adulthood on behavior of PAE animals in the forced swim test (FST) and the neurocircuitry underlying behavioral, emotional, and stress regulation...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551603/sleep-deprivation-impairs-synaptic-tagging-in-mouse-hippocampal-slices
#15
Christopher G Vecsey, Ted Huang, Ted Abel
Metaplasticity refers to the ability of experience to alter synaptic plasticity, or modulate the strength of neuronal connections. Sleep deprivation has been shown to have a negative impact on synaptic plasticity, but it is unknown whether sleep deprivation also influences processes of metaplasticity. Therefore, we tested whether 5 h of total sleep deprivation (SD) in mice would impair hippocampal synaptic tagging and capture (STC), a form of heterosynaptic metaplasticity in which combining strong stimulation in one synaptic input with weak stimulation at another input allows the weak input to induce long-lasting synaptic strengthening...
March 15, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518566/abstinence-to-chronic-methamphetamine-switches-connectivity-between-striatal-hippocampal-and-sensorimotor-regions-and-increases-cerebral-blood-volume-response
#16
Ji-Kyung Choi, Grewo Lim, Yin-Ching Iris Chen, Bruce G Jenkins
Methamphetamine (meth), and other psychostimulants such as cocaine, present a persistent problem for society with chronic users being highly prone to relapse. We show, in a chronic methamphetamine administration model, that discontinuation of drug for more than a week produces much larger changes in overall meth-induced brain connectivity and cerebral blood volume (CBV) response than changes that occur immediately following meth administration. Areas showing the largest changes were hippocampal, limbic striatum and sensorimotor cortical regions as well as brain stem areas including the pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPTg) and pontine nuclei - regions known to be important in mediating reinstatement of drug-taking after abstinence...
July 1, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510185/targeting-the-dvl-1-%C3%AE-arrestin2-jnk3-interaction-disrupts-wnt5a-jnk3-signaling-and-protects-hippocampal-ca1-neurons-during-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion
#17
Xuewen Wei, JuanJuan Gong, Juyun Ma, Taiyu Zhang, Yihang Li, Ting Lan, Peng Guo, Suhua Qi
It is well known that Wnt5a activation plays a pivotal role in brain injury and β-arrestin2 induces c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK3) activation is involved in neuronal cell death. Nonetheless, the relationship between Wnt5a and JNK3 remains unexplored during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that Wnt5a-mediated JNK3 activation via the Wnt5a-Dvl-1-β-arrestin2-JNK3 signaling pathway was correlated with I/R brain injury. We found that cerebral I/R could enhance the assembly of the Dvl-1-β-arrestin2-JNK3 signaling module, Dvl-1 phosphorylation and JNK3 activation...
March 3, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472564/inhibitory-modulation-of-cytochrome-c-oxidase-activity-with-specific-near-infrared-light-wavelengths-attenuates-brain-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#18
Thomas H Sanderson, Joseph M Wider, Icksoo Lee, Christian A Reynolds, Jenney Liu, Bradley Lepore, Reneé Tousignant, Melissa J Bukowski, Hollie Johnston, Alemu Fite, Sarita Raghunayakula, John Kamholz, Lawrence I Grossman, Karin Przyklenk, Maik Hüttemann
The interaction of light with biological tissue has been successfully utilized for multiple therapeutic purposes. Previous studies have suggested that near infrared light (NIR) enhances the activity of mitochondria by increasing cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity, which we confirmed for 810 nm NIR. In contrast, scanning the NIR spectrum between 700 nm and 1000 nm revealed two NIR wavelengths (750 nm and 950 nm) that reduced the activity of isolated COX. COX-inhibitory wavelengths reduced mitochondrial respiration, reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm ), attenuated mitochondrial superoxide production, and attenuated neuronal death following oxygen glucose deprivation, whereas NIR that activates COX provided no benefit...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427771/neuregulin-1-erbb-signalling-modulates-hippocampal-mgluri-dependent-ltd-and-object-recognition-memory
#19
Ada Ledonne, Dalila Mango, Emanuele Claudio Latagliata, Giulia Chiacchierini, Annalisa Nobili, Robert Nisticò, Marcello D'Amelio, Stefano Puglisi-Allegra, Nicola Biagio Mercuri
The neurotrophic factors neuregulins (NRGs) and their receptors, ErbB tyrosine kinases, regulate neurotransmission, synaptic plasticity and cognitive functions and their alterations have been associated to different neuropsychiatric disorders. Group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRI)-dependent mechanisms are also altered in animal models of neuropsychiatric diseases, especially mGluRI-induced glutamatergic long-term depression (mGluRI-LTD), a form of synaptic plasticity critically involved in learning and memory...
April 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413864/simultaneous-measurements-of-ascorbate-and-glutamate-in-vivo-in-the-rat-brain-using-carbon-fiber-nanocomposite-sensors-and-microbiosensor-arrays
#20
Nuno R Ferreira, Ana Ledo, João Laranjinha, Greg A Gerhardt, Rui M Barbosa
Nanocomposite sensors consisting of carbon fiber microelectrodes modified with Nafion® and carbon nanotubes, and ceramic-based microelectrode biosensor arrays were used to measure ascorbate and glutamate in the brain with high spatial, temporal and chemical resolution. Nanocomposite sensors displayed electrocatalytic properties towards ascorbate oxidation, translated into a negative shift from +0.20V to -0.05V vs. Ag/AgCl, as well as a significant increase (10-fold) of electroactive surface area. The estimated average basal concentration of ascorbate in vivo in the CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus (DG) sub regions of the hippocampus were 276±60μM (n=10), 183±30μM (n=10) and 133±42μM (n=10), respectively...
June 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
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