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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339791/the-glun2a-subunit-regulates-neuronal-nmda-receptor-induced-microglia-neuron-physical-interactions
#1
Ukpong B Eyo, Ashley Bispo, Junting Liu, Sruchika Sabu, Rong Wu, Victoria L DiBona, Jiaying Zheng, Madhuvika Murugan, Huaye Zhang, Yamei Tang, Long-Jun Wu
Microglia are known to engage in physical interactions with neurons. However, our understanding of the detailed mechanistic regulation of microglia-neuron interactions is incomplete. Here, using high resolution two photon imaging, we investigated the regulation of NMDA receptor-induced microglia-neuron physical interactions. We found that the GluN2A inhibitor NVPAAM007, but not the GluN2B inhibitor ifenprodil, blocked the occurrence of these interactions. Consistent with the well-known developmental regulation of the GluN2A subunit, these interactions are absent in neonatal tissues...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332037/increased-vulnerability-of-the-hippocampus-in-transgenic-mice-overexpressing-app-and-triple-repeat-tau
#2
Andrew Arner, Edward Rockenstein, Michael Mante, Jazmin Florio, Deborah Masliah, Bahar Salehi, Anthony Adame, Cassia Overk, Eliezer Masliah, Robert A Rissman
 Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common tauopathy, characterized by progressive accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau. While pathology associated with the 4-repeat (4R) tau isoform is more abundant in corticobasal degeneration and progressive supranuclear palsy, both 3R and 4R tau isoforms accumulate in AD. Many studies have investigated interactions between Aβ and 4R tau in double transgenic mice, but few, if any, have examined the effects of Aβ with 3R tau. To examine this relationship, we crossed our APP751 mutant line with our recently characterized 3R tau mutant model to create a bigenic line (hAPP-3RTau) to model AD neuropathology...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317612/gamma-oscillatory-activity-in-vitro-a-model-system-to-assess-pathophysiological-mechanisms-of-comorbidity-between-autism-and-epilepsy
#3
D Subramanian, E Pralong, R T Daniel, A G Chacko, R Stoop, K S Babu
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and temporal lobe epilepsy exhibit remarkable comorbidity, but for reasons not clearly understood. To reveal a common pathophysiological mechanism, we here describe and characterize an in vitro epileptiform activity in the rat hippocampus that exhibits common features with in vivo activity in rodent ASD models. We discovered the development of this activity in the CA1 region of horizontal slices after prolonged interictal-like epileptiform activity in the CA3 region that was provoked by incubation in high potassium artificial cerebrospinal fluid...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306053/cd38-is-required-for-dendritic-organisation-in-visual-cortex-and-hippocampus
#4
Thom P Nelissen, Rosemary A Bamford, Shiro Tochitani, Kamuran Akkus, Aurimas Kudzinskas, Kenichiro Yokoi, Hiroshi Okamoto, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, J Peter H Burbach, Hideo Matsuzaki, Asami Oguro-Ando
Morphological screening of mouse brains with known behavioural deficits can give great insight into the relationship between brain regions and their behaviour. Oxytocin- and CD38-deficient mice have previously been shown to have behavioural phenotypes, such as restrictions in social memory, social interactions, and maternal behaviour. CD38 is reported as an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) candidate gene and these behavioural phenotypes may be linked to ASD. To address whether these behavioural phenotypes relate to brain pathology and neuronal morphology, here we investigate the morphological changes in the CD38-deficient mice brains, with focus on the pathology and neuronal morphology of the cortex and hippocampus, using Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, and Golgi staining...
January 3, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281813/loss-of-synapse-repressor-mdga1-enhances-perisomatic-inhibition-confers-resistance-to-network-excitation-and-impairs-cognitive-function
#5
Steven A Connor, Ina Ammendrup-Johnsen, Yasushi Kishimoto, Parisa Karimi Tari, Vedrana Cvetkovska, Takashi Harada, Daiki Ojima, Tohru Yamamoto, Yu Tian Wang, Ann Marie Craig
Synaptopathies contributing to neurodevelopmental disorders are linked to mutations in synaptic organizing molecules, including postsynaptic neuroligins, presynaptic neurexins, and MDGAs, which regulate their interaction. The role of MDGA1 in suppressing inhibitory versus excitatory synapses is controversial based on in vitro studies. We show that genetic deletion of MDGA1 in vivo elevates hippocampal CA1 inhibitory, but not excitatory, synapse density and transmission. Furthermore, MDGA1 is selectively expressed by pyramidal neurons and regulates perisomatic, but not distal dendritic, inhibitory synapses...
December 26, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277679/intermittent-fasting-promotes-prolonged-associative-interactions-during-synaptic-tagging-capture-by-altering-the-metaplastic-properties-of-the-ca1-hippocampal-neurons
#6
Ananya Dasgupta, Joonki Kim, Anoop Manakkadan, Thiruma V Arumugam, Sreedharan Sajikumar
Metaplasticity is the inherent property of a neuron or neuronal population to undergo activity-dependent changes in neural function that modulate subsequent synaptic plasticity. Here we studied the effect of intermittent fasting (IF) in governing the interactions of associative plasticity mechanisms in the pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal area CA1. Late long-term potentiation and its associative mechanisms such as synaptic tagging and capture at an interval of 120 min were evaluated in four groups of animals, AL (Ad libitum), IF12 (daily IF for 12 h), IF16 (daily IF for 16 h) and EOD (every other day IF for 24 h)...
December 19, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277371/repeated-fluvoxamine-treatment-recovers-early-postnatal-stress-induced-hypersociability-like-behavior-in-adult-rats
#7
Haruko Kumamoto, Taku Yamaguchi, Kohtarou Konno, Takeshi Izumi, Takayuki Yoshida, Yu Ohmura, Masahiko Watanabe, Mitsuhiro Yoshioka
Childhood maltreatment is associated with impaired adult brain function, particularly in the hippocampus, and is not only a major risk factor for some psychiatric diseases but also affects early social development and social adaptation in later life. The aims of this study were to determine whether early postnatal stress affects social behavior and whether repeated fluvoxamine treatment reverses these changes. Rat pups were exposed to footshock stress during postnatal days 21-25 (at 3 weeks old: 3wFS). During the post-adolescent period (10-14 weeks postnatal), the social interaction test and Golgi-cox staining of dorsal hippocampal pyramidal neurons were performed...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250747/septo-hippocampal-interaction
#8
REVIEW
Christina Müller, Stefan Remy
The septo-hippocampal pathway adjusts CA1 network excitability to different behavioral states and is crucially involved in theta rhythmogenesis. In the medial septum, cholinergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons form a highly interconnected local network. Neurons of these three classes project to glutamatergic pyramidal neurons and different subsets of GABAergic neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region. From there, GABAergic neurons project back to the medial septum and form a feedback loop between the two remote brain areas...
December 18, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250591/shank-proteins-differentially-regulate-synaptic-transmission
#9
Rebecca Shi, Patrick Redman, Dipanwita Ghose, Yan Liu, Xiaobai Ren, Lei J Ding, Mingna Liu, Kendrick J Jones, Weifeng Xu
Shank proteins, one of the principal scaffolds in the postsynaptic density (PSD) of the glutamatergic synapses, have been associated with autism spectrum disorders and neuropsychiatric diseases. However, it is not known whether different Shank family proteins have distinct functions in regulating synaptic transmission, and how they differ from other scaffold proteins in this aspect. Here, we investigate the role of Shanks in regulating glutamatergic synaptic transmission at rat hippocampal SC-CA1 synapses, using lentivirus-mediated knockdown and molecular replacement combined with dual whole-cell patch clamp in hippocampal slice culture...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225001/dorsal-hippocampal-cannabinergic-and-gabaergic-systems-modulate-memory-consolidation-in-passive-avoidance-task
#10
Mohammad Nasehi, Parisa Gerami, Fatemeh Khakpai, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
In the present research, we examined the possible interaction between the hippocampal CB2 and GABAA receptors on modulation of memory consolidation. In this research, step-down passive avoidance task was used to evaluate memory consolidation in adult male NMRI mice. The results showed that post-training intra-CA1 administration of muscimol (0.05 and 0.1μg/mouse) impaired memory consolidation as evidenced by a decrease in step-down latency on the test day, which was suggestive of drug-produced amnesia. However co-administration of different doses of muscimol (0...
December 7, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213058/interplay-between-global-and-pathway-specific-synaptic-plasticity-in-ca1-pyramidal-cells
#11
Sven Berberich, Jörg Pohle, Marie Pollard, Janet Barroso-Flores, Georg Köhr
Mechanisms underlying information storage have been depicted for global cell-wide and pathway-specific synaptic plasticity. Yet, little is known how these forms of plasticity interact to enhance synaptic competition and network stability. We examined synaptic interactions between apical and basal dendrites of CA1 pyramidal neurons in mouse hippocampal slices. Bursts (50 Hz) of three action potentials (AP-bursts) paired with preceding presynaptic stimulation in stratum radiatum specifically led to LTP of the paired pathway in adult mice (P75)...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205377/adenosine-a2a-receptors-are-required-for-glutamate-mglur5-and-dopamine-d1-receptor-evoked-erk1-2-phosphorylation-in-rat-hippocampus-involvement-of-nmda-receptor
#12
Paraskevi Krania, Eleni Dimou, Maria Bantouna, Stylianos Kouvaros, Eirini Tsiamaki, Costas Papatheodoropoulos, Konstantinos Sarantis, Fevronia Angelatou
Interaction between mGluR5 and NMDA receptors (NMDAR) is vital for synaptic plasticity and cognition. We recently demonstrated that stimulation of mGluR5 enhances NMDAR-responses in hippocampus by phosphorylating NR2B(Tyr1472) subunit, and this reaction was enabled by adenosine A2A receptors(A2A R) (Sarantis et al.2015). In this study, by using in vitro phosphorylation and western blot analysis in hippocampal slices of male Wistar rats, we show, that mGluR5 stimulation or mGluR5/NMDARs co-stimulation, synergistically activate ERK1/2 signaling leading to c-Fos expression...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199957/the-ampa-receptor-associated-protein-shisa7-regulates-hippocampal-synaptic-function-and-contextual-memory
#13
Leanne J M Schmitz, Remco V Klaassen, Marta Ruiperez-Alonso, Azra Elia Zamri, Jasper Stroeder, Priyanka Rao-Ruiz, Johannes C Lodder, Rolinka J van der Loo, Huib D Mansvelder, August B Smit, Sabine Spijker
Glutamatergic synapses rely on AMPA receptors (AMPARs) for fast synaptic transmission and plasticity. AMPAR auxiliary proteins regulate receptor trafficking, and modulate receptor mobility and its biophysical properties. The AMPAR auxiliary protein Shisa7 (CKAMP59) has been shown to interact with AMPARs in artificial expression systems, but it is unknown whether Shisa7 has a functional role in glutamatergic synapses. We show that Shisa7 physically interacts with synaptic AMPARs in mouse hippocampus. Shisa7 gene deletion resulted in faster AMPAR currents in CA1 synapses, without affecting its synaptic expression...
December 4, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191751/hippocampus-ghrelin-receptor-signaling-promotes-socially-mediated-learned-food-preference
#14
Ted M Hsu, Emily E Noble, David J Reiner, Clarissa M Liu, Andrea N Suarez, Vaibhav R Konanur, Matthew R Hayes, Scott E Kanoski
Social cues are potent regulators of feeding behavior, yet the neurobiological mechanisms through which social cues influence food intake are poorly understood. Here we investigate the hypothesis that the appetite-promoting gut-derived hormone, ghrelin, signals in the hippocampus to promote learned social aspects of feeding behavior. We utilized a procedure known as 'social transmission of food preference' (STFP) in which rats ('Observers') experience a social interaction with another rat ('Demonstrators') that recently consumed flavored/scented chow...
November 27, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186681/gamma-oscillations-in-rat-hippocampal-subregions-dentate-gyrus-ca3-ca1-and-subiculum-underlie-associative-memory-encoding
#15
John B Trimper, Claire R Galloway, Andrew C Jones, Kaavya Mandi, Joseph R Manns
Neuronal oscillations in the rat hippocampus relate to both memory and locomotion, raising the question of how these cognitive and behavioral correlates interact to determine the oscillatory network state of this region. Here, rats freely locomoted while performing an object-location task designed to test hippocampus-dependent spatial associative memory. Rhythmic activity in theta, beta, slow gamma, and fast gamma frequency ranges were observed in both action potentials and local field potentials (LFPs) across four main hippocampal subregions...
November 28, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174415/neuroinflammation-induced-by-amyloid-%C3%AE-25-35-modifies-mucin-type-o-glycosylation-in-the-rat-s-hippocampus
#16
Ivan Ramos-Martinez, Pamela Martínez-Loustalot, Liliana Lozano, Tarik Issad, Daniel Limón, Alfonso Díaz, Armando Perez-Torres, Jorge Guevara, Edgar Zenteno
Amyloid-β (Aβ) plays a relevant role in the neurodegenerative process of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The 25-35 peptide of amyloid-β (Aβ25-35) induces the inflammatory response in brain experimental models. Mucin-type O-glycosylation has been associated with inflammation of brain tissues in AD, thus in this work, we aimed at identifying changes in the glycosylation profile generated by the injection of Aβ25-35 into the CA1 of the hippocampus of rats, using histochemistry with lectins. Our results indicate that 100μM Aβ25-35 induce increased recognition of the Amaranthus leucocarpus lectin (ALL) (specific for Galβ1,3-GalNAcα1,0-Ser/Thr); whereas concanavalin A (Con A) (specific for α-Man) showed no differences among treated and control groups of rats...
November 21, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133436/ventral-midline-thalamus-is-necessary-for-hippocampal-place-field-stability-and-cell-firing-modulation
#17
T Cholvin, V Hok, L Giorgi, F A Chaillan, B Poucet
The reuniens (Re) and Rhomboid (Rh) nuclei of the ventral midline thalamus are reciprocally connected with the hippocampus (Hip) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Growing evidence suggests that these nuclei might play a crucial role in cognitive processes requiring Hip-mPFC interactions, including spatial navigation. Here, we tested the effect of ReRh lesions on the firing properties and spatial activity of dorsal hippocampal CA1 place cells as male rats explored a familiar or a novel environment. We found no change in the spatial characteristics of CA1 place cells in the familiar environment following ReRh lesions...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133434/pkd1-promotes-functional-synapse-formation-coordinated-with-n-cadherin-in-hippocampus
#18
Cheng Cen, Li-Da Luo, Wen-Qi Li, Gang Li, Na-Xi Tian, Ge Zheng, Dong-Min Yin, Yimin Zou, Yun Wang
Functional synapse formation is critical for the wiring of neural circuits in the developing brain. The cell adhesion molecule N-cadherin plays important roles in target recognition and synaptogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate the localization of N-cadherin and the subsequent effects remain poorly understood. Here, we show that protein kinase D1 (PKD1) directly binds to N-cadherin at amino acid residues 836-871 and phosphorylates it at Ser 869, 871, 872, thereby increasing the surface localization of N-cadherin and promoting functional synapse formation in primary cultured hippocampal neurons obtained from embryonic day 18 rat embryos of either sex...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121962/direct-interaction-with-14-3-3%C3%AE-promotes-surface-expression-of-best1-channel-in-astrocyte
#19
Soo-Jin Oh, Junsung Woo, Young-Sun Lee, Minhee Cho, Eunju Kim, Nam-Chul Cho, Jae-Yong Park, Ae Nim Pae, C Justin Lee, Eun Mi Hwang
BACKGROUND: Bestrophin-1 (Best1) is a calcium-activated anion channel (CAAC) that is expressed broadly in mammalian tissues including the brain. We have previously reported that Best1 is expressed in hippocampal astrocytes at the distal peri-synaptic regions, called microdomains, right next to synaptic junctions, and that it disappears from the microdomains in Alzheimer's disease mouse model. Although Best1 appears to be dynamically regulated, the mechanism of its regulation and modulation is poorly understood...
November 9, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119925/post-treatment-with-a-hydrogen-sulfide-donor-limits-neuronal-injury-and-modulates-potassium-voltage-gated-channel-subfamily-d-member-2-kv4-2-and-potassium-channel-interacting-protein-3-kchip3-during-transient-global-cerebral-ischemia
#20
Cheng-Ping Bai, ChenLiang Zhao, Lijuan Shen
BACKGROUND: Although the neuroprotective effect of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, a hydrogen sulfide donor) pretreatment has been revealed, the effect of NaHS post-conditioning remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of NaHS post-conditioning against transient global cerebral ischemia (tGCI)-induced hippocampal CA1 injury and its underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: A tGCI rat model was established using the four-vessel occlusion method for 15 min of ischemia...
November 7, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
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