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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#1
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793115/estimating-chemical-ecotoxicity-in-eu-ecolabel-and-in-eu-product-environmental-footprint
#2
Erwan Saouter, An De Schryver, Rana Pant, Serenella Sala
The EU Commission Ecolabel and the Product and Environmental Footprint (PEF) aim at promoting the development and consumption of greener products. The product aquatic toxicity score from these 2 methods may lead in some circumstances to opposite conclusions. Although this could be interpreted as an inconsistency, the score should not be compared to each other but used in a complementary way. In short, CDV provided a "full" product formula aquatic toxicity score, even if some chemicals may never reach or persist in freshwater ecosystems...
May 21, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793039/antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-context-of-the-syrian-conflict-drivers-before-and-after-the-onset-of-conflict-and-key-recommendations
#3
REVIEW
Aula Abbara, Timothy M Rawson, Nabil Karah, Wael El-Amin, James Hatcher, Bachir Tajaldin, Osman Dar, Omar Dewachi, Ghassan Abu Sitta, Bernt Eric Uhlin, Annie Sparrow
Current evidence describing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the context of the Syrian conflict is of poor quality and sparse in nature. In this paper we explore and report the major drivers of AMR that were present in Syria pre-conflict and those that have emerged since its onset in March 2011. Drivers which existed before the conflict included a lack of enforcement of existing legislation to regulate over the counter antibiotics and notification of communicable diseases. This contributed to a number of drivers of AMR after the onset of conflict which were also compounded by the exodus of trained staff, the increase in overcrowding and unsanitary conditions, the increase in injuries and economic sanctions limiting the availability of required laboratory medical materials and equipment...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793001/health-literacy-in-chronic-disease-management-a-matter-of-interaction
#4
Iris van der Heide, Iraj Poureslami, Wayne Mitic, Jessica Shum, Irving Rootman, J Mark FitzGerald
Health literacy plays a crucial role in chronic disease management. To comprehensively manage chronic conditions on a daily basis, individuals must be able to assess, understand, evaluate and use health information. Several key publications emphasise that health literacy is not merely a matter of individual skills, but that it is highly dependent on the accessibility of healthcare systems, the communication skills of healthcare professionals, and the level of complexity of health information. However, the literature indicates that health literacy is mainly framed and measured as an individual attribute in research...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792812/ultralow-damping-in-nanometer-thick-epitaxial-spinel-ferrite-thin-films
#5
Satoru Emori, Di Yi, Sam Crossley, Jacob J Wisser, Purnima P Balakrishnan, Behrouz Khodadadi, Padraic Shafer, Christoph Klewe, Alpha T N'Diaye, Brittany T Urwin, Krishnamurthy Mahalingam, Brandon Howe, Harold Y Hwang, Elke Arenholz, Yuri Suzuki
Pure spin currents, unaccompanied by dissipative charge flow, are essential for realizing energy-efficient nanomagnetic information and communications devices. Thin-film magnetic insulators have been identified as promising materials for spin-current technology, since they are thought to exhibit lower damping compared to their metallic counterparts. However, insulating behavior is not a sufficient requirement for low damping, as evidenced by the very limited options for low-damping insulators. Here, we demonstrate a new class of nanometer-thick ultralow-damping insulating thin films, based on design criteria that minimize orbital angular momentum and structural disorder...
May 24, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792771/is-blogging-a-new-form-of-communication-in-palliative-health-care-a-qualitative-research-study
#6
Anneli Ozanne, Ingela Henoch, Susann Strang
AIM: To illuminate experiences of living with life-threatening diseases as described in blogs and the experience of blogging about these matters. METHODS: A secondary analysis of 21 blogs was performed. RESULTS: It was difficult for bloggers to accept what they perceived to be the unacceptable aspects of having an life-threatening disease. They searched for hope and acceptance, and tried to manage their life. They felt strengthened by supportive encounters with health professionals, relatives, friends, and from their blogging...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792733/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-nurse-led-primary-palliative-care-for-older-adults-with-chronic-conditions-a-pilot-study
#7
Shigeko Seiko Izumi, Basilia Basin, Margo Presley, Jean McCalmont, Jon P Furuno, Brie Noble, Judith G Baggs, J Randall Curtis
BACKGROUND: Many older adults live with serious illness for years before their death. Nurse-led primary palliative care could improve their quality of life and ability to stay in their community. OBJECTIVES: To assess feasibility and acceptability of a nurse-led Transitional Palliative Care (TPC) program for older adults with serious illness. METHODS: The study was a pilot trial of the TPC program in which registered nurses assisted patients with symptom management, communication with care providers, and advance care planning...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792693/a-titanium-oxo-cluster-model-study-of-synergistic-effect-of-co-coordinated-dye-ligands-on-photocurrent-responses
#8
Jin-Le Hou, Peng Huo, Zheng-Zhen Tang, Li-Na Cui, Qin-Yu Zhu, Jie Dai
The use of multiple sensitizers in dye sensitized solar cells has been attractive as a promising way to achieve highly efficient photovoltaic performance. However, except for the complementary absorption, synergistic effects among the dye components have not been well understood. Herein, using ferrocene-1-carboxylate (FcCO2 ) and catechol (Cat) as dye ligands, two titanium oxo clusters (TOCs), [Ti3 O(Oi Pr)6 (Cat)(FcCO2 )2 ] (1) and [Ti7 O4 (Oi Pr)8 (Cat)5 (FcCO2 )2 ] (2), were synthesized and structurally characterized...
May 24, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792681/protein-based-electronic-skin-akin-to-biological-tissues
#9
Minsik Jo, Kyungtaek Min, Biswajit Roy, Sookyoung Kim, Sangmin Lee, Ji-Yong Park, Sunghwan Kim
Human skin provides an interface that transduces external stimuli into electrical signals for communication with the brain. There has been considerable effort to produce soft, flexible, and stretchable electronic skin (E-skin) devices. However, common polymers cannot imitate human skin perfectly due to their poor biocompatibility, biofunctionality, and permeability to many chemicals and biomolecules. Herein, we report on highly flexible, stretchable, conformal, molecule-permeable, and skin-adhering E-skins that combine a metallic nanowire (NW) network and silk protein hydrogel...
May 24, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792671/the-chemoattractant-glorin-is-inactivated-by-ester-cleavage-during-early-multicellular-development-of-polysphondylium-pallidum
#10
Daniel Heinrich, Robert Barnett, Luke Tweedy, Robert Insall, Pierre Stallforth, Thomas Winckler
Among the amoebozoan species capable of forming fruiting bodies, the dictyostelid social amoebae stand out since they form true multicellular organisms by means of single cell aggregation. Upon food depletion, cells migrate across gradients of extracellular signals initiated by cells in aggregation centers. The model species that is widely used to study multicellular development of social amoebae, Dictyostelium discoideum, uses cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) as a chemoattractant to coordinate aggregation...
May 24, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792480/the-impact-of-familial-expressed-emotion-on-clinical-and-personal-recovery-among-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-the-mediating-roles-of-self-stigma-content-and-process
#11
Kevin Ka Shing Chan, Chun Bun Lam
The present study examined the associations of familial expressed emotion (EE) with clinical and personal recovery among patients with psychiatric disorders, as well as the potential mechanisms underlying these associations. Guided by the content-process theory of self-stigma, we hypothesized that EE would be negatively associated with clinical and personal recovery and that these associations would be mediated by self-stigma content and process. A total of 311 patients with psychiatric disorders completed questionnaires on their perceptions of EE, self-stigma, and recovery...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792470/the-science-of-teamwork-progress-reflections-and-the-road-ahead
#12
Eduardo Salas, Denise L Reyes, Susan H McDaniel
We need teams in nearly every aspect of our lives (e.g., hospitals, schools, flight decks, nuclear power plants, oil rigs, the military, and corporate offices). Nearly a century of psychological science has uncovered extensive knowledge about team-related processes and outcomes. In this article, we draw from the reviews and articles of this special issue to identify 10 key reflections that have arisen in the team literature, briefly summarized here. Team researchers have developed many theories surrounding the multilayered aspects of teams, such that now we have a solid theoretical basis for teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792462/extreme-teams-toward-a-greater-understanding-of-multiagency-teamwork-during-major-emergencies-and-disasters
#13
Nicola Power
Major emergencies are extreme team decision making environments. They are complex, dynamic, high-stakes and fast paced events, wherein successful resolution is contingent upon effective teamwork. Not only do emergency teams coordinate at the intrateam level (e.g., police team), but they are increasingly required to operate at the interteam level (e.g., police, fire and ambulance teams). This is in response to the desire for networked and cost-effective practice and due to the evolving nature of modern threats, such as extreme weather events and terrorist attacks, which require a multi- rather than single-agency response...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792290/the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-to-improve-patient-experience-cross-sectional-study-in-chinese-public-hospitals
#14
Chuntao Lu, Yinhuan Hu, Jinzhu Xie, Qiang Fu, Isabella Leigh, Samuel Governor, Guanping Wang
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of mobile health apps has greatly changed the way society accesses the health care industry. However, despite the widespread use of mobile health apps by patients in China, there has been little research that evaluates the effect of mobile health apps on patient experience during hospital visits. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine whether the use of mobile health apps improves patient experience and to find out the difference in patient experience between users and nonusers and the characteristics associated with the users of these apps...
May 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792259/going-digital-a-checklist-in-preparing-for-hospital-wide-electronic-medical-record-implementation-and-digital-transformation
#15
Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
Objective In an era of rapid digitisation of Australian hospitals, practical guidance is needed in how to successfully implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as both a technical innovation and a major transformative change in clinical care. The aim of the present study was to develop a checklist that clearly and comprehensively defines the steps that best prepare hospitals for EMR implementation and digital transformation. Methods The checklist was developed using a formal methodological framework comprised of: literature reviews of relevant issues; an interactive workshop involving a multidisciplinary group of digital leads from Queensland hospitals; a draft document based on literature and workshop proceedings; and a review and feedback from senior clinical leads...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792257/a-critique-of-the-shannon-weaver-theory-of-communication-and-its-implications-for-nursing
#16
Debra J Gillespie, Rachel Schiffman
With the Joint Commission's revelation that as much as 65%-70% of the time miscommunication has been discovered to be the root cause of many sentinel events, it may be time to examine a communication theory to support practice improvement efforts. Effective communication has been shown to decrease medical errors, improve patient satisfaction, and increase adherence to treatment plans leading to better health outcomes; yet very few studies have examined communication theories and their applicability to practice...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792189/a-cross-sectional-ecological-analysis-of-international-and-sub-national-health-inequalities-in-commercial-geospatial-resource-availability
#17
Winfred Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Nicola Wardrop, Ademola Adewole, Mair L H Thomas, Jim Wright
BACKGROUND: Commercial geospatial data resources are frequently used to understand healthcare utilisation. Although there is widespread evidence of a digital divide for other digital resources and infra-structure, it is unclear how commercial geospatial data resources are distributed relative to health need. METHODS: To examine the distribution of commercial geospatial data resources relative to health needs, we assembled coverage and quality metrics for commercial geocoding, neighbourhood characterisation, and travel time calculation resources for 183 countries...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792142/collaboration-of-the-joint-research-centre-and-the-european-customs-laboratories-for-identification-of-new-psychoactive-substances
#18
Claude Guillou, Fabiano Reniero, Joana Lobo Pereira Vicente, Margaret Holland, Kamil Kolar, Hubert Chassaigne, Salvatore Tirendi, Herve Schepers
The emergence of designer drugs as substances of abuse has seen a dramatic increase over the last few years. Customs officials are responsible for the control of products entering the European Union (EU) market. This control applies to chemicals in general, pharmaceutical products and medicines. Numerous products imported from non-EU countries, often -declared as 'bath salts' or 'fertilizers', may in fact contain new psychoactive substance (NPS). These are not necessarily controlled under international law, but are subject to monitoring in agreement with EU legislation...
May 23, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792131/management-of-nursing-workplace-incivility-in-the-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#19
Nancy Armstrong
Workplace incivility is a well-documented issue in nursing in the health care setting. It has the potential to cause emotional and physical distress in victims and potentially affects the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to critique and summarize the most recent, available evidence related to interventions in assisting nursing staff working in health care settings in managing incivility. This systematic review of literature yielded 10 studies meeting the criteria. The studies were mostly identified as lower quality research...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792080/stakeholders-resistance-to-telemedicine-with-focus-on-physicians-utilizing-the-delphi-technique
#20
Woo Seok Choi, Joowoong Park, Jin Young Brian Choi, Jae-Suk Yang
Introduction Sufficient infrastructure for information and communications technology (ICT) and a well-established policy are necessary factors for smooth implementation of telemedicine. However, despite these necessary conditions being met, there are situations where telemedicine still fails to be accepted as a system due to the low receptivity of stakeholders. In this study, we analyse stakeholders' resistance to an organization's implementation of telemedicine. Focusing on the physicians' interests, we propose a strategy to minimize conflicts and improve acceptance...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
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