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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651390/-cross-sectional-survey-of-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-behaviors-in-adults-in-jiangxi-province-2013
#1
Y Y Chen, L P Zhu, W Yan, J Liu, L Ji, Y Xu
Objective: To describe the prevalence of smoking and smoking cessation in adults of Jiangxi province in 2013. Methods: Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 6 000 individuals aged ≥18 years from 10 chronic and non-communicable disease and risk factor surveillance points of Jiangxi province in 2013. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was carried out to collect information about the risk factors for chronic and non-communicable diseases and 5 997 records were used in final analysis of smoking and smoking cessation...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651344/uterine-responses-to-early-pre-attachment-embryos-in-the-domestic-dog-and-comparisons-with-other-domestic-animal-species
#2
Felix R Graubner, Aykut Gram, Ewa Kautz, Stefan Bauersachs, Selim Aslan, Ali R Agaoglu, Alois Boos, Mariusz P Kowalewski
In the dog there is no luteolysis in the absence of pregnancy. Thus, this species lacks any anti-luteolytic endocrine signal as found in other species that modulate uterine function during the critical period of pregnancy establishment. Nevertheless, in the dog an embryo-maternal communication must occur in order to prevent rejection of embryos. Based on this hypothesis, we performed microarray analysis of canine uterine samples collected during pre-attachment phase (days 10-12) and in corresponding non-pregnant controls, in order to elucidate the embryo attachment signal...
June 23, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651329/high-speed-and-high-ratio-referential-genome-compression
#3
Yuansheng Liu, Hui Peng, Limsoon Wong, Jinyan Li
Motivation: The rapidly increasing number of genomes generated by high-throughput sequencing platforms and assembly algorithms is accompanied by problems in data storage, compression and communication. Traditional compression algorithms are unable to meet the demand of high compression ratio due to the intrinsic challenging features of DNA sequences such as small alphabet size, frequent repeats and palindromes. Reference-based lossless compression, by which only the differences between two similar genomes are stored, is a promising approach with high compression ratio...
June 23, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651227/double-cystic-duct-preoperatively-diagnosed-and-successfully-treated-with-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#4
Atsushi Fujii, Masatsugu Hiraki, Noriyuki Egawa, Hiroshi Kono, Takao Ide, Junichi Nojiri, Junji Ueda, Hiroyuki Irie, Hirokazu Noshiro
INTRODUCTION: A single gallbladder with a double cystic duct is a very rare finding. In addition, few cases with this rare condition are preoperatively diagnosed. However, the preoperative confirmation or suspicion of this rare condition could facilitate safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which is a minimally invasive therapeutic modality for gallbladder disease. We herein present a case of gallstone disease in a patient with a double cystic duct who was preoperatively diagnosed and successfully treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651111/the-rise-of-zika-infection-and-microcephaly-what-can-we-learn-from-a-public-health-emergency
#5
REVIEW
B McCloskey, T Endericks
OBJECTIVES: To consider why Zika was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), why it stopped being one and what we can learn from this for the future. STUDY DESIGN: This paper reviews the sequence of events and evidence base for the decision to declare Zika a PHEIC, the global response to this, the challenges in maintaining an evidence-based approach to outbreak response and identifies learning outcomes. METHODS: Evidence review, all published articles in reputable UK and international journals were identified...
June 23, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650922/randomized-trial-of-reducing-ambulatory-malpractice-and-safety-risk-results-of-the-massachusetts-promises-project
#6
Gordon D Schiff, Harry Reyes Nieva, Paula Griswold, Nicholas Leydon, Judy Ling, Frank Federico, Carol Keohane, Bonnie R Ellis, Cathy Foskett, E John Orav, Catherine Yoon, Don Goldmann, Joel S Weissman, David W Bates, Madeleine Biondolillo, Sara J Singer
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate application of quality improvement approaches to key ambulatory malpractice risk and safety areas. STUDY SETTING: In total, 25 small-to-medium-sized primary care practices (16 intervention; 9 control) in Massachusetts. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled trial of a 15-month intervention including exposure to a learning network, webinars, face-to-face meetings, and coaching by improvement advisors targeting "3+1" high-risk domains: test result, referral, and medication management plus culture/communication issues evaluated by survey and chart review tools...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650843/can-canmeds-competencies-be-developed-in-medical-school-anatomy-laboratories-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Joshua Hefler, Christopher J Ramnanan
Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. Methods: A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650820/terahertz-channel-model-and-link-budget-analysis-for-intrabody-nanoscale-communication
#8
Hadeel Elayan, Raed M Shubair, Josep M Jornet, Pedram Johari
Nanosized devices operating inside the human body open up new prospects in the healthcare domain. In vivo wireless nanosensor networks (iWNSNs) will result in a plethora of applications ranging from intrabody health-monitoring to drug- delivery systems. With the development of miniature plasmonic signal sources, antennas and detectors, wireless communications among intrabody nanodevices will expectedly be enabled at both the Terahertz Band (0.1-10 THz) as well as optical frequencies (400-750 THz). This result motivates the analysis of the phenomena affecting the propagation of electromagnetic signals inside the human body...
June 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650743/identifying-factors-and-root-causes-associated-with-near-miss-or-safety-incidents-in-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy-a-case-control-analysis
#9
Gregory D Judy, Prithima R Mosaly, Lukasz M Mazur, Gregg Tracton, Lawrence B Marks, Bhishamjit S Chera
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with a near-miss or safety incident (NMSI) in patients undergoing radiotherapy and identify common root causes of NMSIs and their relationship with incident severity. METHODS: We retrospectively studied NMSIs filed between October 2014 and April 2016. We extracted patient-, treatment-, and disease-specific data from patients with an NMSI (n = 200; incident group) and a similar group of control patients (n = 200) matched in time, without an NMSI...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650723/hospital-chaplains-through-the-eyes-of-parents-of-hospitalized-children
#10
Pamela K Donohue, Matt Norvell, Renee D Boss, Jennifer Shepard, Karen Frank, Christina Patron, Thomas Y Crowe
BACKGROUND: Chaplain services are available in 68% of hospitals, but hospital chaplains are not yet incorporated into routine patient care. OBJECTIVES: To describe how families of hospitalized children view and utilize hospital chaplains. DESIGN: Telephone survey with 40 questions: Likert, yes/no, and short-answer responses. SUBJECTS: Parents visited by a hospital chaplain during their child's hospitalization in a tertiary care center...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650506/oxidative-dual-c-h-thiolation-of-imidazopyridines-with-ethers-or-alkanes-using-elemental-sulphur
#11
Jun-Rong Zhang, Yan-Yan Liao, Jian-Chao Deng, Kai-Ying Feng, Min Zhang, Yun-Yun Ning, Zi-Wei Lin, Ri-Yuan Tang
Dual C-H thiolation reactions using elemental sulphur remain a challenge. This communication discloses an oxidative radical dual sp(2)/sp(3) C-H thiolation strategy for the coupling of imidazopyridines with ethers or alkanes using elemental sulphur.
June 26, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650446/exosomes-from-plasmodium-infected-hosts-inhibit-tumor-angiogenesis-in-a-murine-lewis-lung-cancer-model
#12
Y Yang, Q Liu, J Lu, D Adah, S Yu, S Zhao, Y Yao, L Qin, L Qin, X Chen
Previous research to investigate the interaction between malaria infection and tumor progression has revealed that malaria infection can potentiate host immune response against tumor in tumor-bearing mice. Exosomes may play key roles in disseminating pathogenic host-derived molecules during infection because several studies have shown the involvement and roles of extracellular vesicles in cell-cell communication. However, the role of exosomes generated during Plasmodium infection in tumor growth, progression and angiogenesis has not been studied either in animals or in the clinics...
June 26, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650440/probing-dark-excitons-in-atomically-thin-semiconductors-via-near-field-coupling-to-surface-plasmon-polaritons
#13
You Zhou, Giovanni Scuri, Dominik S Wild, Alexander A High, Alan Dibos, Luis A Jauregui, Chi Shu, Kristiaan De Greve, Kateryna Pistunova, Andrew Y Joe, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Philip Kim, Mikhail D Lukin, Hongkun Park
Transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers with a direct bandgap feature tightly bound excitons, strong spin-orbit coupling and spin-valley degrees of freedom. Depending on the spin configuration of the electron-hole pairs, intra-valley excitons of TMD monolayers can be either optically bright or dark. Dark excitons involve nominally spin-forbidden optical transitions with a zero in-plane transition dipole moment, making their detection with conventional far-field optical techniques challenging. Here, we introduce a method for probing the optical properties of two-dimensional materials via near-field coupling to surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs)...
June 26, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650395/exosomal-markers-cd63-and-cd9-expression-pattern-using-immunohistochemistry-in-resected-malignant-and-nonmalignant-pancreatic-specimens
#14
Moh'd Khushman, Arun Bhardwaj, Girijesh Kumar Patel, Javier Ariel Laurini, Kelly Roveda, Marcus C Tan, Mary C Patton, Seema Singh, William Taylor, Ajay P Singh
OBJECTIVES: Exosomes are important mediators in intercellular communications and play a role in cancer progression and metastasis. Exosomal membranes are enriched in endosome-specific tetraspanins (CD9 and CD63). Here, we explored the expression of CD63 and CD9 utilizing immunohistochemistry in malignant and nonmalignant cells in 29 resected pancreatic specimens (RPSs) of mixed racial background. METHODS: The pathologic tissues (PTs) and adjacent normal tissues (ANTs) in each RPS were stained for CD63 and CD9...
June 22, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650384/incident-reporting-in-emergency-medicine-a-thematic-analysis-of-events
#15
Emily Loving Aaronson, David Brown, Theodore Benzer, Shaw Natsui, Elizabeth Mort
BACKGROUND: Incident reporting is a recognized tool for healthcare quality improvement. These systems, which aim to capture near-misses and harm events, enable organizations to gather critical information about failure modes and design mitigation strategies. Although many hospitals have employed these systems, little is known about safety themes in emergency medicine incident reporting. Our objective was to systematically analyze and thematically code 1 year of incident reports. METHODS: A mixed-methods analysis was performed on 1 year of safety reporting data from a large, urban tertiary-care emergency department using a modified grounded theory approach...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650346/real-time-monitoring-through-the-use-of-technology-to-enhance-performances-throughout-hiv-cascades
#16
Matthew Avery, Stephen J Mills, Eric Stephan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Controlling the HIV epidemic requires strong linkages across a 'cascade' of prevention, testing, and treatment services. Information and communications technology (ICT) offers the potential to monitor and improve the performance of this HIV cascade in real time. We assessed recent (<18 months) peer-reviewed publications regarding uses of ICT to improve performance through expanded and targeted reach, improved clinical service delivery, and reduced loss to follow-up...
June 23, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650255/patient-navigation-for-traumatic-brain-injury-promotes-community-re-integration-and-reduces-re-hospitalizations
#17
Emily R Rosario, Laura Espinoza, Stephanie Kaplan, Sepehr Khonsari, Earl Thurndyke, Melissa Bustos, Kayla Vickers, Brittney Navarro, Bonnie Scudder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a Navigation programme for patients with traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Prospective programme evaluation. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation facility and community settings. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen individuals who suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI), were between the ages of 16-70 years, and had a Rancho Score greater than IV. INTERVENTION: Patient navigation programme focused on identifying and addressing barriers to positive outcomes, including coordination of care and facilitating communication among the family and healthcare providers, psychosocial support, caregiver support, adherence to treatment, education, community resources and financial issues...
June 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650228/cdc-s-testing-makes-us-stronger-tmus-campaign-was-campaign-exposure-associated-with-hiv-testing-behavior-among-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#18
Nancy Habarta, Vanessa Boudewyns, Hannah Badal, Jennie Johnston, Jennifer Uhrig, Donata Green, Paul Ruddle, Jacqueline Rosenthal, Jo Ellen Stryker
This study assessed exposure among Black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (BMSM) to a communication campaign, Testing Makes Us Stronger (TMUS), and its association with HIV testing to determine campaign effectiveness. Data from an online survey (N = 3,105) were analyzed using propensity score weight-adjusted logistic regression to examine the effect of exposure on HIV testing. Among BMSM aged 18-44 (n = 702), 43.2% reported TMUS exposure. The majority of those exposed were aged 25-34 (54%), HIV-negative (65%), and had some college education (87%)...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650217/a-new-outlook-on-sporadic-flowering-of-bamboo
#19
Rico Gamuyao, Keisuke Nagai, Motoyuki Ashikari, Stefan Reuscher
Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) is a temperate grass species with a tree-like habitus and an unusual reproduction strategy. While flowering is irregular and infrequent, new clonal bamboo shoots are established from an underground rhizome network during the spring season. In our previous study, we performed transcriptome analyses using bamboo shoot buds to understand the initiation of bamboo stem elongation. Interestingly, the expression profile in the shoot apical meristem (SAM) region of young bamboo shoots is similar to that of other plants...
June 26, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650137/how-to-manage-the-biological-risk-in-a-dental-clinic-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#20
Matteo Saccucci, Gaetano Ierardo, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali, Antonella Polimeni
Dental Personnel (DP) may be exposed to pathogens during dental treatment, either through contact contaminated equipment, or with blood and respiratory secretion. On the other hand, health care professionals are constantly exposed to pathogens and opportunists in their work environment. Consequently, the dental healthcare environment is connected with the risk of exposure to biological agents both for patients and dental workers, and involves a wide number of microorganisms that can be present in biological matrices (gingival fluids, saliva, blood), contaminated and/or non-sanitized surfaces, water used in the dental unit, or emitted by patients suffering or carrier of a transmissible disease...
June 23, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
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