Read by QxMD icon Read


Christopher E Patrick, Santosh Kumar, Geetha Balakrishnan, Rachel S Edwards, Martin R Lees, Leon Petit, Julie B Staunton
Magnetocrystalline anisotropy, the microscopic origin of permanent magnetism, is often explained in terms of ferromagnets. However, the best performing permanent magnets based on rare earths and transition metals (RE-TM) are in fact ferrimagnets, consisting of a number of magnetic sublattices. Here we show how a naive calculation of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the classic RE-TM ferrimagnet GdCo_{5} gives numbers that are too large at 0 K and exhibit the wrong temperature dependence. We solve this problem by introducing a first-principles approach to calculate temperature-dependent magnetization versus field (FPMVB) curves, mirroring the experiments actually used to determine the anisotropy...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Myoung-Kwon Kim, Yu-Won Choe, Young-Jun Shin, Cheng Peng, Eun-Hong Choi
[Purpose] This study examines the effect on muscle strength of lower extremity muscle strength exercise while using a mirror on the non-paretic side in patients with chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were randomly assigned to a non-mirror lower extremity exercise group (n=10), a mirror lower extremity exercise group (n=10), or a mirror lower extremity muscle strength exercise group (n=10). Subjects were asked to do the exercise assigned to their group (5 sets 30 times a day, 5 times weekly for 4 weeks) with general physical therapy in the hospital...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
A V Efimov
In proteins, the polypeptide chain forms a number of right- and left-handed helices and superhelices, right- and left-turned hairpins, and some other structures that are nonsuperimposable, although they are not mirror images of each other as the L-amino acids are not converted to the D-amino acids. This property of protein structures will be referred to here as pseudo-chirality - or handedness. It has been shown that there are two kinds of handedness in proteins - helical handedness and handedness of arrangement...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Christiane Scheffler, Louisa-Marie Krützfeldt, Parasmani Dasgupta, Michael Hermanussen
Body height has traditionally been looked upon as a mirror of the condition of society, short height being an indicator of poor nutritional status, poor education, and low social status and income. This view has recently been questioned. We aimed to quantify the effects of nutrition, education, sibship size, and household income, factors that are conventionally considered to be related to child growth, on body height of children and adolescents raised under urban Indian conditions. Sample and methods: We re-analyzed several anthropometric measurements and questionnaires with questions on sibship size, fathers' and mother's education, and monthly family expenditure, from two cross-sectional growth studies performed in Kolkata, India...
March 15, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Shimao Li, Yunhong Ding, Xiaowei Guan, Heyun Tan, Zhichao Nong, Lin Wang, Lin Liu, Lidan Zhou, Chunchuan Yang, Kresten Yvind, Leif Katsuo Oxenløwe, Siyuan Yu, Xinlun Cai
Photonic integrated devices that emit vortex beam carrying orbital angular momentum are becoming key components for multiple applications. Here we propose and demonstrate a high-efficiency vortex beam emitter based on a silicon micro-ring resonator integrated with a metal mirror. Such a compact emitter is capable of generating vortex beams with a high efficiency and small divergence angle. Vector vortex beams of various topological charges are selectively generated by the emitter at different wavelengths with an emission efficiency of up to 37%...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
N K Stevenson, C T A Brown, J-M Hopkins, M D Dawson, C Kränkel, A A Lagatsky
We report on the first demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of a diode-pumped Tm:LuScO3 laser. Efficient and broadly tunable continuous wave operation in the 1973-2141 nm region and femtosecond mode-locking through the use of an ion-implanted InGaAsSb quantum-well-based semiconductor saturable absorber mirror are realized. When mode-locked, near-transform-limited pulses as short as 170 fs were generated at 2093 nm with an average output power of 113 mW and a pulse repetition frequency of 115.2 MHz...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Alexandre Brieussel, Konstantin Ott, Maxime Joos, Nicolas Treps, Claude Fabre
In this work, we investigate three different compact fibered systems generating vacuum squeezing that involve optical cavities limited by the end surface of a fiber and by a curved mirror and containing a thin parametric crystal. These systems have the advantage to couple squeezed states directly to a fiber, allowing the user to benefit from the flexibility of fibers in the use of squeezing. Three types of fibers are investigated: standard single-mode fibers, photonic-crystal large-mode-area single-mode fibers, and short multimode fibers taped to a single-mode fiber...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Tom Dietrich, Martin Rumpel, Frieder Beirow, Cherry May Mateo, Christof Pruss, Wolfgang Osten, Marwan Abdou Ahmed, Thomas Graf
We report on the generation of kW-class, continuous-wave, radially polarized laser radiation in an Yb:LuAG thin-disk laser (TDL). Output powers of up to 980 W were achieved with optical efficiency of 50.5% with respect to the incident pump power of the TDL. The degree of radial polarization was measured to be 95.5% at maximum output power. This was achieved by the integration of a new generation of broadband, large-area grating-waveguide mirror with unprecedented high polarization discrimination as the end-mirror in the TDL resonator...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Thomas Waltemate, Dominik Gall, Daniel Roth, Mario Botsch, Marc Erich Latoschik
This article reports the impact of the degree of personalization and individualization of users' avatars as well as the impact of the degree of immersion on typical psychophysical factors in embodied Virtual Environments. We investigated if and how virtual body ownership (including agency), presence, and emotional response are influenced depending on the specific look of users' avatars, which varied between (1) a generic hand-modeled version, (2) a generic scanned version, and (3) an individualized scanned version...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Shengfeng Yang, Naixie Zhou, Hui Zheng, Shyue Ping Ong, Jian Luo
First-order interfacial phaselike transformations that break the mirror symmetry of the symmetric ∑5 (210) tilt grain boundary (GB) are discovered by combining a modified genetic algorithm with hybrid Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations. Density functional theory calculations confirm this prediction. This first-order coupled structural and adsorption transformation, which produces two variants of asymmetric bilayers, vanishes at an interfacial critical point. A GB complexion (phase) diagram is constructed via semigrand canonical ensemble atomistic simulations for the first time...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Serhat Tozburun, Cedric Blatter, Meena Siddiqui, Eelco F J Meijer, Benjamin J Vakoc
We present a swept-wavelength optical coherence tomography (OCT) system with a 19 MHz laser source and electronic phase-locking of the source, acquisition clock, and beam scanning mirrors. The laser is based on stretched-pulse active mode-locking using an electro-optic modulator. Beam scanning in the fast axis uses a resonant micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) -based mirror at ~23.8 kHz. Acquisition is performed at 1.78 Gigasamples per second using an external fixed clock. Phase sensitive imaging without need for k-clocking, A-line triggers, or phase-calibration methods is demonstrated...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Patrice Rassam, Kathleen R Long, Renata Kaminska, David J Williams, Grigorios Papadakos, Christoph G Baumann, Colin Kleanthous
Gram-negative bacteria depend on energised protein complexes that connect the two membranes of the cell envelope. However, β-barrel outer-membrane proteins (OMPs) and α-helical inner-membrane proteins (IMPs) display quite different organisation. OMPs cluster into islands that restrict their lateral mobility, while IMPs generally diffuse throughout the cell. Here, using live cell imaging of Escherichia coli, we demonstrate that when transient, energy-dependent transmembrane connections are formed, IMPs become subjugated by the inherent organisation of OMPs and that such connections impact IMP function...
March 14, 2018: Nature Communications
J K Pinnegar
The damselfish Chromis chromis is typically the most abundant fish species in the rocky littoral environment of the Mediterranean Sea, where it feeds in huge shoals on incoming zooplankton and rests near the seabed each night. Research has shown that large populations of C. chromis play a fundamental role by transferring carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus directly from the pelagic system to the littoral in the form of solid and liquid wastes and therefore that this species acts as a vital conduit for nutrients...
March 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Miri Shnayder, Aharon Nachshon, Benjamin Krishna, Emma Poole, Alina Boshkov, Amit Binyamin, Itay Maza, John Sinclair, Michal Schwartz, Noam Stern-Ginossar
Primary infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) results in a lifelong infection due to its ability to establish latent infection, with one characterized viral reservoir being hematopoietic cells. Although reactivation from latency causes serious disease in immunocompromised individuals, our molecular understanding of latency is limited. Here, we delineate viral gene expression during natural HCMV persistent infection by analyzing the massive transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) atlas generated by the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project...
March 13, 2018: MBio
Yolanda Alesanco, Ana Viñuales, Javier Rodriguez, Ramón Tena-Zaera
Electrochromic devices (ECDs) have aroused great interest because of their potential applicability in displays and smart systems, including windows, rearview mirrors, and helmet visors. In the last decades, different device structures and materials have been proposed to meet the requirements of commercial applications to boost market entry. To this end, employing simple device architectures and achieving a competitive electrolyte are crucial to accomplish easily implementable, high-performance ECDs. The present review outlines devices comprising gel electrolytes as a single electroactive layer ("all-in-one") ECD architecture, highlighting some advantages and opportunities they offer over other electrochromic systems...
March 10, 2018: Materials
Tomiko Yakura, Hiroki Yokota, Yusuke Ohmichi, Mika Ohmichi, Takashi Nakano, Munekazu Naito
Several recent studies have claimed that rodents have good visual recognition abilities. However, the extent to which rats can recognize other rats and distinguish between males and females using visual information alone remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the ability of rats to visually recognize mirror, video-recorded, and still images and to discriminate between images of males and females. Rats were tested in a place preference apparatus with a mirror, a video-recorded image of a rat, or a still image of a rat at one end...
2018: PloS One
C Gassner, R Karlsson, F Lipsmeier, J Moelleken
Previously we have introduced two SPR-based assay principles (dual-binding assay and bridging assay), which allow the determination of two out of three possible interaction parameters for bispecific molecules within one assay setup: two individual interactions to both targets, and/or one simultaneous/overall interaction, which potentially reflects the inter-dependency of both individual binding events. However, activity and similarity are determined by comparing report points over a concentration range, which also mirrors the way data is generated by conventional ELISA-based methods So far, binding kinetics have not been specifically considered in generic approaches for activity assessment...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Chan-Chieh Lin, Gareoung Kim, Dianta Ginting, Kyunghan Ahn, Jong Soo Rhyee
Topological insulators generally share commonalities with good thermoelectric materials because of their narrow band gaps and heavy constituent elements. Here we propose that a topological crystalline insulator (TCI) could exhibit a high thermoe-lectric performance by breaking its crystalline symmetry and tuning chemical potential by elemental doping. As a candidate material, we investigate thermoelectric properties of the Cl-doped topological crystalline insulator Pb0.7Sn0.3Se. The infrared absorption spectra reveal that the band gap is increased from 0...
March 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Elena Fimmel, Christian J Michel, Martin Starman, Lutz Strüngmann
Self-complementary circular codes are involved in pairing genetic processes. A maximal [Formula: see text] self-complementary circular code X of trinucleotides was identified in genes of bacteria, archaea, eukaryotes, plasmids and viruses (Michel in Life 7(20):1-16 2017, J Theor Biol 380:156-177, 2015; Arquès and Michel in J Theor Biol 182:45-58 1996). In this paper, self-complementary circular codes are investigated using the graph theory approach recently formulated in Fimmel et al. (Philos Trans R Soc A 374:20150058, 2016)...
March 12, 2018: Theory in Biosciences, Theorie in Den Biowissenschaften
Andrea Talenti, Dayna L Dreger, Stefano Frattini, Michele Polli, Stefano Marelli, Alexander C Harris, Luigi Liotta, Raffaella Cocco, Andrew N Hogan, Daniele Bigi, Romolo Caniglia, Heidi G Parker, Giulio Pagnacco, Elaine A Ostrander, Paola Crepaldi
Through thousands of years of breeding and strong human selection, the dog ( Canis lupus familiaris ) exists today within hundreds of closed populations throughout the world, each with defined phenotypes. A singular geographic region with broad diversity in dog breeds presents an interesting opportunity to observe potential mechanisms of breed formation. Italy claims 14 internationally recognized dog breeds, with numerous additional local varieties. To determine the relationship among Italian dog populations, we integrated genetic data from 263 dogs representing 23 closed dog populations from Italy, seven Apennine gray wolves, and an established dataset of 161 globally recognized dog breeds, applying multiple genetic methods to characterize the modes by which breeds are formed within a single geographic region...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"