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Bodyweight exercise

Laure Mathevon, Nicolas Leroux, Céline Piscicelli, Emmanuelle Clarac, Shenhao Dai, Patrice Davoine, Paul Krack, Dominic Perennou
OBJECTIVE: To take care of postural disorders is a major issue in Parkinson's disease (PD). We present a documented observation suggesting the existence of a biased representation of verticality in PD, resulting in a severe retropulsion and recurrent falls. A rehabilitation program aimed to modulate verticality perception dramatically improved the postural perception of the vertical, trunk posture and balance abilities, and reduced retropulsion as well as lastingly fall frequency. OBSERVATIONS: A 68 year-old patient with Parkinson's disease fall backward 3 times a day...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
James R Head, Matthew S Tenan, Andrew J Tweedell, Thomas F Price, Michael E LaFiandra, William S Helton
Prior investigations have shown measurable performance impairments on continuous physical performance tasks when preceded by a cognitively fatiguing task. However, the effect of cognitive fatigue on bodyweight resistance training exercise task performance is unknown. In the current investigation 18 amateur athletes completed a full body exercise task preceded by either a cognitive fatiguing or control intervention. In a randomized repeated measure design, each participant completed the same exercise task preceded by a 52 min cognitively fatiguing intervention (vigilance) or control intervention (video)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Per Lundkvist, C David Sjöström, Sam Amini, Maria J Pereira, Eva Johnsson, Jan W Eriksson
AIMS: Dapagliflozin as well as exenatide reduce bodyweight in patients with type 2 diabetes. We explored the effects of dual therapy with these agents on bodyweight, body composition, glycemic parameters, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in obese nondiabetic adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center, double-blind trial randomized 50 obese nondiabetic adults (aged 18-70 years; body mass index 30-45 kg/m(2) ) to oral dapagliflozin 10 mg once daily plus subcutaneous long-acting exenatide 2 mg once weekly or placebo...
August 23, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
J Derek Kingsley, Yu Lun Tai, Jeremiah Vaughan, Xián Mayo
The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of high-intensity exercise on wave reflection and aortic stiffness. Nine young, healthy men (mean±SD: Age: 22±2 yrs) participated in the study. The high-intensity interval cycling exercise consisted of 3 sets of Wingate Anaerobic Tests (WAT) with 7.5% of bodyweight as resistance and 2 minutes of rest between each set. Measurements were taken at rest and 1 min after completion of the WATs. Brachial and aortic blood pressures, as well as wave reflection characteristics, were measured via pulse wave analysis...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Thomas P Wycherley, Campbell H Thompson, Jonathan D Buckley, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh, Manny Noakes, Gary A Wittert, Grant D Brinkworth
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Very-low carbohydrate diets can improve glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, compared to traditional higher carbohydrate, low fat (HighCHO) diets, they have been associated with impaired endothelial function (measured by flow mediated dilatation [FMD]) that is possibly related to saturated fat. This study aimed to examine the effects of a 12-month hypocaloric very-low carbohydrate, low saturated fat (LowCHO) diet compared to an isocaloric HighCHO diet...
September 2016: Atherosclerosis
Morey J Kolber, William J Hanney, Scott W Cheatham, Paul A Salamh, Michael Masaracchio, Xinliang Liu
Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) has been reported as an etiological source of shoulder pain among weight-training (WT) participants; however, a paucity of evidence exists to describe intrinsic risk factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate specific risk-related joint and muscle adaptations among WT participants identified as having SIS based upon a previously validated clinical testing cluster. Fifty-five men (mean age 27.3) who participated in recreational WT a minimum of 2-days per week were recruited, including 24 individuals with SIS and 31 without SIS serving as controls...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Petr Stastny, James J Tufano, Artur Golas, Miroslav Petr
June 2016: Strength and Conditioning Journal
Yuki Isobe, Masaru Sakurai, Yuki Kita, Yumie Takeshita, Hirofumi Misu, Shuichi Kaneko, Toshinari Takamura
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To investigate the clinical and anthropometrical parameters that are associated with non-exercise activity thermogenesis that is composed of basal energy expenditure (BEE) and diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) in patients with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Body composition was assessed using bioelectrical impedance, and BEE and DIT were measured using indirect calorimetry in 40 Japanese patients with diabetes. RESULTS: BEE correlated positively with bodyweight, body mass index, fat mass, and fat-free mass, and correlated negatively with age in both men and women...
May 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Laís Basuino, Carolina F Silveira
Fertility - the ability to produce offspring - is considered a prerequisite for the development and perpetuation of species. Several factors may positively or negatively affect one's reproductive capabilities, such as regular exercises and maintaining a healthy bodyweight, versus aging, obesity, and stress. Follicular fluid (FF) is a liquid composed primarily of hormones, enzymes, anticoagulants, electrolytes, reactive oxygen species and antioxidants, which fills the follicular antrum and acts as an important mediator in the communication between cells in the antral follicle while bathing and carrying nutrients to the oocyte...
2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Stefan Heber, Alice Assinger, Rochus Pokan, Ivo Volf
PURPOSE: Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) represents a major risk factor for atherosclerosis, and platelets play a key role in the development of this chronic inflammatory disease. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between CRF and platelet function. METHODS: CRF and different aspects of platelet function were assessed in healthy, young, nonsmoking women. Results were compared between groups of low (LF), medium (MF) and high CRF (HF)...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Willemijn A van Gemert, Anne M May, Albertine J Schuit, Blanche Y M Oosterhof, Petra H Peeters, Evelyn M Monninkhof
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of equivalent weight loss, by a hypocaloric diet or mainly exercise, on inflammatory markers and adipokines in overweight postmenopausal women. METHODS: Women were randomized to a diet (n = 97), mainly exercise (n = 98), or control group (n = 48). Goal of both interventions was to lose 5 to 6 kg bodyweight by a hypocaloric diet or an exercise program (4 hours/week) combined with a small caloric intake restriction. Outcomes after 16 weeks included serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), IL6, adiponectin, and leptin...
May 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Denis Xavier, Rajeev Gupta, Deepak Kamath, Alben Sigamani, P J Devereaux, Nisha George, Rajnish Joshi, Janice Pogue, Prem Pais, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Adherence to drugs and healthy lifestyles is low after acute coronary syndrome. We assessed whether trained community health workers could improve adherence to drugs, lifestyle changes, and clinical risk markers in patients with acute coronary syndrome in India. METHODS: In this study done at 14 hospitals in India we randomly assigned (1:1) patients with acute coronary syndrome 1 or 2 days before discharge from hospital to a community health worker-based intervention group or a standard care group...
March 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Lukáš Zlatohlávek, Jaroslav Alois Hubáček, Michal Vrablík, Hana Pejšová, Věra Lánská, Richard Češka
AIM: The aim of the study was to monitor the importance of laboratory, anthropometric and genetic determination of the presence of risk factors for atherosclerosis, obesity, dyslipidemia and components of the metabolic syndrome in obese children and the response to dietary and regimen interventions in obese children. METHODS: As a part of the study, 353 paediatric patients (46% boys, 54% girls) with obesity and dyslipidemia, aged 8-16 years, participated in a one-month lifestyle intervention programme...
November 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Juha J Hulmi, Mia Laakso, Antti A Mero, Keijo Häkkinen, Juha P Ahtiainen, Heikki Peltonen
BACKGROUND: Nutrition intake in the context of a resistance training (RT) bout may affect body composition and muscle strength. However, the individual and combined effects of whey protein and carbohydrates on long-term resistance training adaptations are poorly understood. METHODS: A four-week preparatory RT period was conducted in previously untrained males to standardize the training background of the subjects. Thereafter, the subjects were randomized into three groups: 30 g of whey proteins (n = 22), isocaloric carbohydrates (maltodextrin, n = 21), or protein + carbohydrates (n = 25)...
2015: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Ewan Thomas, Antonino Bianco, Marianna Bellafiore, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Paoli, Antonio Palma
A range of balance between flexor and extensor muscles is fundamental in order to prevent pathologies caused by bad postures or to ensure health of the joint as a measure of prevention of overtraining in specific muscle groups. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the ratio between "pulling" and "pushing" strength in sedentary individuals. 212 healthy participants, of both genders (139 male and 73 female; age 32 ± 13.3 years, weight 70.2 ± 14.1 kg, height 173 ± 9 cm) were retained for investigation...
2015: SpringerPlus
Florent Besnier, Victorine Lenclume, Patrick Gérardin, Adrian Fianu, Jérémy Martinez, Nadège Naty, Sylvaine Porcherat, Karim Boussaid, Stéphane Schneebeli, Eric Jarlet, Sarah Hatia, Georges Dalleau, Chantal Verkindt, Jean-Frédéric Brun, Marie-Paule Gonthier, François Favier
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle combined interventions are a key strategy for preventing type-2 diabetes (T2DM) in overweight or obese subjects. In this framework, LIPOXmax individualized training, based on maximal fat oxidation [MFO], may be a promising intervention to promote fat mass (FM) reduction and prevent T2DM. Our primary objective was to compare three training programs of physical activity combined with a fruit- and vegetable-rich diet in reducing FM in overweight or obese women. DESIGN AND SETTING: A five months non-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) with three parallel groups in La Réunion Island, a region where metabolic diseases are highly prevalent...
2015: PloS One
Celeste B Burness, Lesley J Scott
Dulaglutide (Trulicity™) is a once-weekly subcutaneously administered glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist produced by recombinant DNA technology and approved in numerous countries as an adjunct to diet and exercise for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In randomized controlled trials in patients with T2DM, dulaglutide monotherapy was noninferior to once-daily subcutaneous liraglutide monotherapy and significantly more effective than oral metformin monotherapy in improving glycemic control at 26 weeks...
December 2015: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
William M Kenkel, C Sue Carter
The neuropeptides oxytocin and vasopressin have been implicated in exercise, as well as monogamy and parental behavior. In this study, we compared behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of access to an exercise wheel vs. the sedentary state typical in lab animal housing. Male prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) were studied because of their extensive repertoire of social behaviors including pair bond formation and biparental care, which are influenced by oxytocin and vasopressin. Subjects in one group had access to a running wheel in their cage (wheel), and voluntarily ran approximately 1...
January 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Rossana C Nogueira, Benjamin K Weeks, Belinda R Beck
Sedentarism is associated with obesity and other chronic diseases at all ages. Increasing physical activity with in-school interventions, focusing on energy expenditure and bone loading reduces risk of a number of costly chronic diseases. The aim of the current study was to characterise the metabolic and musculoskeletal load intensity of the recent successful CAPO Kids exercise intervention. Pre and early pubertal children (10.4 ± 0.5 years old) from the CAPO Kids trial wore an armband sensor to estimate energy expenditure during a 10-minute CAPO Kids session...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Sean A Horan, Steven L Watson, Conor Lambert, Benjamin K Weeks
High-load resistance-based exercise is a common approach to facilitating improved neuromuscular performance via postactivation potentiation. Popular field-based warm-up activities, however, have been largely overlooked despite their specificity and practicality for sports performance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of repeated bouts of alternating lunges on neuromuscular performance determined by a maximal vertical jump (VJ). Forty-three healthy young adults (24 women and 19 men: age, 25...
September 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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