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Axel R Concepcion, Martin Vaeth, Larry E Wagner, Miriam Eckstein, Lee Hecht, Jun Yang, David Crottes, Maximilian Seidl, Hyosup P Shin, Carl Weidinger, Scott Cameron, Stuart E Turvey, Thomas Issekutz, Isabelle Meyts, Rodrigo S Lacruz, Mario Cuk, David I Yule, Stefan Feske
Eccrine sweat glands are essential for sweating and thermoregulation in humans. Loss-of-function mutations in the Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel genes ORAI1 and STIM1 abolish store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), and patients with these CRAC channel mutations suffer from anhidrosis and hyperthermia at high ambient temperatures. Here we have shown that CRAC channel-deficient patients and mice with ectodermal tissue-specific deletion of Orai1 (Orai1K14Cre) or Stim1 and Stim2 (Stim1/2K14Cre) failed to sweat despite normal sweat gland development...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Ke Ma, Hui Wang, Jiankun Yu, Minjie Wei, Qinghuan Xiao
TMEM16A, also known as anoctamin 1, is a recently identified Ca(2+) -activated chloride channel and the first member of a 10-member TMEM16 family. TMEM16A dysfunction is implicated in many diseases such as cancer, hypertension, and cystic fibrosis. TMEM16A channels are well known to be dually regulated by voltage and Ca(2+) . In addition, recent studies have revealed that TMEM16A channels are regulated by many molecules such as calmodulin, protons, cholesterol, and phosphoinositides, and a diverse range of stimuli such as thermal and mechanical stimuli...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yu Jiang, Bo Yu, Hong Yang, Tonghui Ma
Secretory diarrhea remains a global health burden and causes major mortality in children. There have been some focuses on antidiarrheal therapies that may reduce fluid losses and intestinal motility in diarrheal diseases. In the present study, we identified shikonin as an inhibitor of TMEM16A chloride channel activity using cell-based fluorescent-quenching assay. The IC50 value of shikonin was 6.5 μM. Short-circuit current measurements demonstrated that shikonin inhibited Eact-induced Cl(-) current in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 value of 1...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Yanling Qin, Youfan Jiang, Awais Shafiq Sheikh, Shanshan Shen, Jing Liu, Depeng Jiang
Transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A), a channel underlying the calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) currents, has been shown to be a key regulator of mucus overproduction in airway epithelial cells. However, the precise molecular mechanism involved in the TMEM16A-mediated mucus secretion remains unclear. In the present study, we inquired into a novel signaling mechanism for TMEM16A driving mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) production in human airway epithelial cells. Following treatment for 24-48h with type 13 interleukin (IL-13), an upregulation of TMEM16A expression in both mRNA and protein levels was observed in human bronchial epithelial cell line (HBE16), while signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) inhibition could decrease this elevated expression, suggesting that the regulation of TMEM16A expression by IL-13 was via a STAT6-based transcriptional mechanism...
August 30, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Akihiro Kamikawa, Osamu Ichii, Junpei Sakazaki, Toru Ishikawa
The Cl(-) secretion via Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CaCC) is critical for fluid secretion in exocrine glands like the salivary gland. Also in the mammary gland, it has been hypothesized that CaCC plays an important role in the secretion of Cl(-) and aqueous phase of milk. However, there has been no evidence for the functional expression of CaCC in native mammary secretory (MS) cells of lactating animals. We therefore assessed the membrane current in the MS cells that were freshly isolated from lactating mice using the whole-cell patch-clamp techniques...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Roberta Benedetto, Lalida Sirianant, Ines Pankonien, Podchanart Wanitchakool, Jiraporn Ousingsawat, Ines Cabrita, Rainer Schreiber, Margarida Amaral, Karl Kunzelmann
TMEM16A/anoctamin 1/ANO1 and VRAC/LRRC8 are independent chloride channels activated either by increase in intracellular Ca(2+) or cell swelling, respectively. In previous studies, we observed overlapping properties for both types of channels. (i) TMEM16A/ANO1 and LRRC8 are inhibited by identical compounds, (ii) the volume-regulated anion channel VRAC requires compartmentalized Ca(2+) increase to be fully activated, (iii) anoctamins are activated by cell swelling, (iv) both channels have a role for apoptotic cell death, (v) both channels are possibly located in lipid rafts/caveolae like structures, and (vi) VRAC and anoctamin 1 currents are not additive when each are fully activated...
October 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Yanfeng Han, Annette M Shewan, Peter Thorn
The identification of ANO1/TMEM16A as the likely calcium-dependent chloride channel of exocrine glands has led to a more detailed understanding of its biophysical properties. This includes a calcium-dependent change in channel selectivity and evidence that HCO3 (-) permeability can be significant. Here we use freshly isolated pancreatic acini that preserve the luminal structure to measure intraluminal pH and test the idea that ANO1/TMEM16A contributes to luminal pH balance. Our data show that, under physiologically relevant stimulation with 10 pm cholesystokinin, the luminal acid load that results from the exocytic fusion of zymogen granules is significantly blunted by HCO3 (-) buffer in comparison with HEPES, and that this is blocked by the specific TMEM16A inhibitor T16inh-A01...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yohan Seo, Ho K Lee, Jinhong Park, Dong-Kyu Jeon, Sungwoo Jo, Minjae Jo, Wan Namkung
Anoctamin1 (ANO1)/transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A), a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC), is involved in many physiological functions such as fluid secretion, smooth muscle contraction, nociception and cancer progression. To date, only a few ANO1 inhibitors have been described, and these have low potency and selectivity for ANO1. Here, we performed a high-throughput screening to identify highly potent and selective small molecule inhibitors of ANO1. Three novel ANO1 inhibitors were discovered from screening of 54,400 synthetic small molecules, and they were found to fully block ANO1 channel activity with an IC50 < 3 μM...
2016: PloS One
Balázs Horváth, Krisztina Váczi, Bence Hegyi, Mónika Gönczi, Beatrix Dienes, Kornél Kistamás, Tamás Bányász, János Magyar, István Baczkó, András Varró, György Seprényi, László Csernoch, Péter P Nánási, Norbert Szentandrássy
Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) current (ICl(Ca)) mediated by TMEM16A and/or Bestrophin-3 may contribute to cardiac arrhythmias. The true profile of ICl(Ca) during an actual ventricular action potential (AP), however, is poorly understood. We aimed to study the profile of ICl(Ca) systematically under physiological conditions (normal Ca(2+) cycling and AP voltage-clamp) as well as in conditions designed to change [Ca(2+)]i. The expression of TMEM16A and/or Bestrophin-3 in canine and human left ventricular myocytes was examined...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Lei Zhao, L I Li, Ke-Tao Ma, Yang Wang, Jing Li, Wen-Yan Shi, H E Zhu, Zhong-Shuang Zhang, Jun-Qiang Si
The ability of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to modulate γ-aminobutyrate (GABA)-activated currents via Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRG), was examined in the present study. During the preparation of DRG neurons harvested from Sprague-Dawley rats, the whole-cell recording technique was used to record the effect of NSAIDs on GABA-activated inward currents, and the expression levels of the TMEM16A and TMEM16B subunits were revealed. In the event that DRG neurons were pre-incubated for 20 sec with niflumic acid (NFA) and 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB) prior to the administration of GABA, the GABA-induced inward currents were diminished markedly in the majority of neurons examined (96...
May 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Qian Wang, M Dennis Leo, Damodaran Narayanan, Korah P Kuruvilla, Jonathan H Jaggar
Anoctamin-1 [ANO1, also known as transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A)] is a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel expressed in arterial myocytes that regulates membrane potential and contractility. Signaling mechanisms that control ANO1 activity in arterial myocytes are poorly understood. In cerebral artery myocytes, ANO1 channels are activated by local Ca(2+) signals generated by plasma membrane nonselective cation channels, but the molecular identity of these proteins is unclear. Arterial myocytes express several different nonselective cation channels, including multiple members of the transient receptor potential receptor (TRP) family...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Juan A Contreras-Vite, Silvia Cruz-Rangel, José J De Jesús-Pérez, Iván A Aréchiga Figueroa, Aldo A Rodríguez-Menchaca, Patricia Pérez-Cornejo, H Criss Hartzell, Jorge Arreola
TMEM16A (ANO1), the pore-forming subunit of calcium-activated chloride channels, regulates several physiological and pathophysiological processes such as smooth muscle contraction, cardiac and neuronal excitability, salivary secretion, tumour growth and cancer progression. Gating of TMEM16A is complex because it involves the interplay between increases in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i), membrane depolarization, extracellular Cl(-) or permeant anions and intracellular protons. Our goal here was to understand how these variables regulate TMEM16A gating and to explain four observations...
July 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Cheng-Hai Zhang, Pei Wang, Dong-Hai Liu, Cai-Ping Chen, Wei Zhao, Xin Chen, Chen Chen, Wei-Qi He, Yan-Ning Qiao, Tao Tao, Jie Sun, Ya-Jing Peng, Ping Lu, Kaizhi Zheng, Siobhan M Craige, Lawrence M Lifshitz, John F Keaney, Kevin E Fogarty, Ronghua ZhuGe, Min-Sheng Zhu
Smooth muscle sphincters exhibit basal tone and control passage of contents through organs such as the gastrointestinal tract; loss of this tone leads to disorders such as faecal incontinence. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this tone remain unknown. Here, we show that deletion of myosin light-chain kinases (MLCK) in the smooth muscle cells from internal anal sphincter (IAS-SMCs) abolishes basal tone, impairing defecation. Pharmacological regulation of ryanodine receptors (RyRs), L-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCCs) or TMEM16A Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels significantly changes global cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) and the tone...
2016: Nature Communications
Ambra Gianotti, Loretta Ferrera, Amber R Philp, Emanuela Caci, Olga Zegarra-Moran, Luis J V Galietta, Carlos A Flores
Defective epithelial chloride secretion occurs in humans with cystic fibrosis (CF), a genetic defect due to loss of function of CFTR, a cAMP-activated chloride channel. In the airways, absence of an active CFTR causes a severe lung disease. In mice, genetic ablation of CFTR function does not result in similar lung pathology. This may be due to the expression of an alternative chloride channel which is activated by calcium. The most probable protein performing this function is TMEM16A, a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC)...
June 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Rong-Shan Li, Yong Wang, Hui-Shen Chen, Fang-Yong Jiang, Qiang Tu, Wen-Jun Li, Rui-Xing Yin
Calcium activated chloride channels (CaCCs) are critical in vascular smooth muscle function as they regulate proliferation/apoptosis of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and vascular tone. Transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) was demonstrated to encode CaCCs in basilar artery SMCs (BASMCs) and participate in basilar artery remodeling during hypertension. In addition, TMEM16A has recently been illustrated to contribute to pressure‑induced myogenic response in cerebral vasculature. However, whether TMEM16A is involved in cerebral vasoconstriction that is stimulated by other vasoconstrictors remains unclear...
April 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jun Yamazaki
Cl(-)-permeable channels and transporters expressed on the cell membranes of various mammalian cell types play pivotal roles in the transport of electrolytes and water, pH regulation, cell volume and membrane excitability, and are therefore expected to be useful molecular targets for drug discovery. Both TMEM16A (a possible candidate for Ca(2+)-regulated Cl(-) channels recently identified) and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) (or cAMP-regulated Cl(-) channels) have been known to be involved in Cl(-) secretion and reabsorption in the rat salivary gland...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Honglin Li, Xixin Yan, Rongqin Li, Aili Zhang, Zhiyun Niu, Zhigang Cai, Weisong Duan, Xia Li, Huiran Zhang
UNLABELLED: Transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) regulates a wide variety of cellular activities, including epithelial fluid secretion and maintenance of ion homeostasis. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an outer membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria, is one of the major causes of acute lung injury (ALI). In this study, we investigated the effects of LPS on the expression of TMEM16A in LA795 cells and mouse lung tissue and the potential mechanism. RESULT: We detected the expression of TMEM16A in LA795 cells and mouse lung tissue by RT-PCR, Western blot, and RNA interference techniques...
April 2016: Inflammation
Liang Deng, Jihong Yang, Hongwu Chen, Bo Ma, Kangming Pan, Caikun Su, Fengfeng Xu, Jihong Zhang
TMEM16A plays an important role in cell proliferation in various cancers. However, less was known about the expression and role of TMEM16A in hepatocellular carcinoma. We screened the expression of TMEM16A in patients' hepatocellular carcinoma tissues, and also analyzed the biological function of hepatocellular carcinoma cells by knockdown of TMEM16A, as well as the expression of MAPK signaling proteins, including p38, p-p38, ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, JNK, and p-JNK, and cell cycle regulatory protein cyclin D1 in TMEM16A siRNA-transfected SMMC-7721 cells by Western blot...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Uhtaek Oh, Jooyoung Jung
Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels (CaCCs) are a class of Cl(-) channels activated by intracellular Ca(2+) that are known to mediate numerous physiological functions. In 2008, the molecular identity of CaCCs was found to be anoctamin 1 (ANO1/TMEM16A). Its roles have been studied in electrophysiological, histological, and genetic aspects. ANO1 is known to mediate Cl(-) secretion in secretory epithelia such as airways, salivary glands, intestines, renal tubules, and sweat glands. ANO1 is a heat sensor activated by noxious heat in somatosensory neurons and mediates acute pain sensation as well as chronic pain...
March 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
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