keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Military medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228341/doctors-and-nurses-perceptions-of-military-pre-hospital-emergency-care-when-training-becomes-reality
#1
REVIEW
Sten-Ove Andersson, Lars Lundberg, Anders Jonsson, Pia Tingström, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren
The aim of this study was to identify physicians' and nurses' perceptions of military pre-hospital emergency care before and after an international mission. A qualitative empirical study with a phenomenographic approach was used. The results after pre-deployment training can be categorised as (1) learning about military medicine and (2) taking care of the casualty. The results after an international mission can be categorised as (1) collaborating with others, (2) providing general health care and (3) improving competence in military medicine...
February 19, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219471/a-descriptive-analysis-of-tactical-casualty-care-interventions-performed-by-law-enforcement-personnel-in-the-state-of-wisconsin-2010-2015
#2
Chad M Stiles, Christopher Cook, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
: Introduction Based upon military experience, law enforcement has developed guidelines for medical care during high-threat conditions. The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive analysis of reported outcomes of law enforcement medical interventions. METHODS: This was a descriptive analysis of a convenience sample of cases submitted to the Wisconsin Tactical Medicine Initiative (Wisconsin USA), after the provision of successful patient care, between January 2010 and December 2015...
February 21, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197639/cordycepin-induces-apoptosis-in-sgc%C3%A2-7901-cells-through-mitochondrial-extrinsic-phosphorylation-of-pi3k-akt-by-generating-ros
#3
Moussa Ide Nasser, Muqaddas Masood, Wei Wei, Xiaochun Li, Yifa Zhou, Bao Liu, Jiang Li, Xiaomeng Li
Medicinal plants are affluent sources of several effectual natural drugs. Among them cordycepin which is extracted from Cordyceps militaris is a hopeful chemotherapy agent due to its extensive anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, antioxidant, and antitumor characteristics. This study investigated the efficacy of cordycepin in the context of human gastric cancer SGC‑7901 and searched for the cell death procedure. Cordycepin incorporates mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in SGC‑7901 cells with the help of regulating mitochondrial extrinsic pathways by inhibition of A3AR and drive activation of DR3, which promote the activation of PI3K/Akt protein expression as well as collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP)...
March 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179044/translating-battlefield-practices-to-disaster-health
#4
Kandra Strauss-Riggs, Kevin Yeskey, Aubrey Miller, Stacey Arnesen, Craig Goolsby
We review aspects of the recently released National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report A National Trauma Care System: Integrating Military and Civilian Trauma Systems to Achieve Zero Preventable Deaths After Injury most relevant to disaster health, particularly the concepts of focused empiricism and building a learning health system. The article references battlefield success utilizing these concepts and the emerging Disaster Research Response Program. We call upon disaster health researchers to apply the report's recommendations to their work...
February 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160760/wrist-ankle-acupuncture-increases-pain-thresholds-in-healthy-adults
#5
Hai-Jin Bi, Guo-Cheng Wu, Yu-Yu He, Hong-Yun Chen, Shuang Zhou, Qing-Hui Zhou
Context • Wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) has been used to relieve both chronic and acute pain in China. Some research has shown that WAA can increase the pain thresholds in pain patients, but the ability of WAA to affect the pain thresholds in healthy adults is unknown. Objective • The study intended to assess the influence of WAA on the pain thresholds of healthy adults. Design • This is an observational study. Setting • This study was conducted in the School of Traditional Chinese Medicine at the Second Military Medical University (Shanghai, China)...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159434/-and-if-it-happened-to-children-adapting-medical-care-during-terrorist-attacks-with-multiple-pediatric-victims
#6
L Alix-Séguin, N Lodé, G Orliaguet, E Chamorro, F Kerroué, C Lorge, A Moreira
In light of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe, we need to reconsider the organization of rescue and medical management and plan for an attack involving multiple pediatric victims. To ensure quick surgical management, but also to minimize risk for on-site teams (direct threats from secondary terrorist attacks targeting deployed emergency services), it is crucial to evacuate patients in a swift but orderly fashion. Children are vulnerable targets in terrorist attacks. Their anatomical and physiological characteristics make it likely that pediatric victims will suffer more brain injuries and require more, often advanced, airway management...
January 31, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148262/demographic-factors-associated-with-dietary-supplement-prescriptions-filled-by-united-states-military-service-members-2005-2013
#7
Joseph J Knapik, Rosenie T Jean, Krista G Austin, Ryan A Steelman, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements (DSs) can be purchased over-the-counter but may also be prescribed by medical personnel for specific therapeutic reasons. Few studies have examined this latter source of DSs despite the fact that 79% of physicians and 82% of nurses have recommended DSs to their patients. This investigation examined demographic factors associated with temporal trends in oral DS prescriptions filled by all United States (US) service members (SMs) from 2005 to 2013 (n = 1,427,080 ± 22,139, mean ± standard deviation per year)...
January 31, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127153/a-1911-postcard-of-the-national-hospital-for-the-paralysed-and-epileptic-highlighting-european-medical-specialty-training
#8
Adeel Zubair, Christopher J Boes
The purpose of this study was to describe the historical importance of a 1911 European hospital postcard sent from one American physician to another. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, very few formal residency programs existed in America for training physicians. Most authors rightfully emphasize Johns Hopkins Hospital, founded in 1889, as the site of origin of the American medical residency, but these positions were for a chosen few. Many young physicians would go abroad to study medicine after completing medical school, a decision with many benefits and few drawbacks...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071691/comparative-mitochondrial-genomics-toward-exploring-molecular-markers-in-the-medicinal-fungus-cordyceps-militaris
#9
Shu Zhang, Ai-Jing Hao, Yu-Xiang Zhao, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Yong-Jie Zhang
Cordyceps militaris is a fungus used for developing health food, but knowledge about its intraspecific differentiation is limited due to lack of efficient markers. Herein, we assembled the mitochondrial genomes of eight C. militaris strains and performed a comparative mitochondrial genomic analysis together with three previously reported mitochondrial genomes of the fungus. Sizes of the 11 mitochondrial genomes varied from 26.5 to 33.9 kb mainly due to variable intron contents (from two to eight introns per strain)...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070471/importance-of-mean-red-cell-distribution-width-in-hypertensive-patients
#10
Ahmed Bilal, Junaid H Farooq, Immad Kiani, Salman Assad, Haider Ghazanfar, Imran Ahmed
PURPOSE: Red cell distribution width (RDW), expressed in femtoliters (fl), is a measure of the variation in the size of circulating erythrocytes and is often expressed as a direct measurement of the width of the distribution. We aim to observe the mean value of red cell distribution width (RDW) in hypertensive patients. Increased RDW can be used as a tool for early diagnosis, as an inflammatory marker, and a mortality indicator in hypertensive patients due to its close relation to inflammation...
November 29, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068167/vehicle-exposure-and-spinal-musculature-fatigue-in-military-warfighters-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Roger O Kollock, Kenneth E Games, Alan E Wilson, JoEllen M Sefton
CONTEXT:  Spinal musculature fatigue from vehicle exposure may place warfighters at risk for spinal injuries and pain. Research on the relationship between vehicle exposure and spinal musculature fatigue is conflicting. A better understanding of the effect of military duty on musculoskeletal function is needed before sports medicine teams can develop injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if the literature supports a definite effect of vehicle exposure on spinal musculature fatigue...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048283/we-h-204-03-part-2-history-and-archives-resources-at-aip-for-aapm-and-its-members
#12
M Mueller
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047523/we-h-204-00-history-committee-symposium
#13
Michael Gossman
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046866/we-h-204-01-william-d-coolidge-inventor-of-the-modern-x-ray-tube
#14
D Allard
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046206/we-h-204-02-part-1-history-and-archives-resources-at-aip-for-aapm-and-its-members
#15
G Good
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038491/some-social-aspects-of-discovery-synthesis-and-production-of-cortisone-in-the-1930s-1950s
#16
REVIEW
Daria Jadreškić
A discovery, synthesis and therapeutic application of cortisone present a paradigm for modern translational medicine (Hillier 2007, Saenger 2010), since they represented a joint achievement of discoveries by biochemists, Edward Calvin Kendall and Tadeus Reichstein; large scale synthesis by an industrial chemist, Lewis Hastings Sarett, and therapeutic application by a rheumatologist, Philip Showalter Hench. The goal of translational medicine is to speed up the process between basic research and clinical practice, and to integrate multiple disciplines in order to understand diverse outcomes (Zhang et al...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030941/diagnostics-of-intestinal-parasites-in-light-microscopy-among-the-population-of-children-in-eastern-afghanistan
#17
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Agata Smoleń, Alina Augustynowicz, Anna Lass
OBJECTIVES: The Afghans, living in poor socioeconomic conditions, are estimated to be a community with a high rate of intestinal parasitic infections. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and species of intestinal parasites among children's population in eastern Afghanistan and to present the methods of optimizing the techniques for identification of pathogens in light microscopy. The research was carried out as a part of humanitarian project Capacity building of health care system in Ghazni Province...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009386/detection-of-giardia-intestinalis-infections-in-polish-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan
#18
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Monika Konior, Alina Augustynowicz, Anna Lass, Ewa Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Members of the Polish Military Contingent (PMC) have been stationed in Afghanistan since 2002. They typically serve in areas characterised by low standards of sanitation which often leads to the development of food- and waterborne diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of Giardia intestinalis infections among Polish soldiers deployed to Afghanistan. The research study was conducted as part of a programme for prevention of parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract run by the Polish Armed Forces...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008812/anti-inflammation-properties-of-fruiting-bodies-and-submerged-cultured-mycelia-of-culinary-medicinal-higher-basidiomycetes-mushrooms
#19
Rao-Chi Chien, Lan-Min Lin, Yuan-Hua Chang, Yu-Chieh Lin, Pei-Hsuan Wu, Mikheil D Asatiani, Sophie-Gabrielle Wasser, Maxim Krakhmalnyi, Abed Agbarya, Solomon P Wasser, Jeng-Leun Mau
This research shows the phenolic composition and anti-inflammation properties of fruiting bodies and mycelia of 15 strains of 12 species of higher Basidiomycetes medicinal mushrooms. In this research, 15 extracts were prepared and their effects on inflammation-related mediators in RAW 264.7 cells were evaluated. In the extracts, amounts of total phenols ranged from 8.47 to 70.32 gallic acid equivalents mg/g and amounts of flavonoids ranged from 0.13 to 15.21 rutin equivalents mg/g. The production of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6 was decreased at different levels by these extracts, whereas the production of interleukin-10 was increased by 6 of the extracts...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999509/the-close-exposure-to-radiology-program-educational-benefits-to-medical-students
#20
Guang-Bin Cui, Lin-Feng Yan, Hai-Yan Nan, Xin Zhao, Yu-Chuan Hu, Alan David Kaye, Thea Moran, Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: Radiology clerkships during medical school provide a suboptimal training experience in the Chinese medical doctor training program. Staff radiologists are heavily occupied with clinic tasks which decreases teaching quality. The close exposure to radiology program (CERP) is a novel pathway designed to improve teaching quality, yet students' expectations of the potential benefits of such a program and their willingness to join CERP still have not been investigated among Chinese medical students...
2016: Ochsner Journal
keyword
keyword
2455
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"