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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673433/metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-air-force-prevalence-and-associations-with-bmi-and-physical-fitness
#1
Frank Weber
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that can affect a pilot's health. The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the German Air Force. METHODS: All German military pilots are examined regularly at the German Air Force Center of Aerospace Medicine. The data are stored in a special database designed for that purpose. A database query was performed. The following parameters were analyzed: age, duration of observation, BMI, physical working capacity (PWC 170), blood pressure, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting blood glucose...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669573/medical-specialty-selection-criteria-of-israeli-medical-students-early-in-their-clinical-experience-subgroups
#2
Alexander Avidan, Charles Weissman, Uriel Elchalal, Howard Tandeter, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony
BACKGROUND: Israeli medical school classes include a number of student subgroups. Therefore, interventions aimed at recruiting medical students to the various specialties should to be tailored to each subgroup. METHODS: Questionnaires, distributed to 6 consecutive 5th-year classes of the Hebrew University - Hadassah School of Medicine, elicited information on criteria for choosing a career specialty, criteria for choosing a residency program and the importance of finding a specialty interesting and challenging when choosing a residency...
April 18, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665873/impact-of-paternal-deployment-to-the-conflicts-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-and-paternal-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-children-of-military-fathers
#3
Nicola T Fear, Ruth V Reed, Sarah Rowe, Howard Burdett, David Pernet, Alyson Mahar, Amy C Iversen, Paul Ramchandani, Alan Stein, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the social and emotional well-being of children whose fathers have been deployed to the conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan or who have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).AimsTo examine the emotional and behavioural well-being of children whose fathers are or have been in the UK armed forces, in particular the effects of paternal deployment to the conflicts in Iraq or Afghanistan and paternal PTSD. METHOD: Fathers who had taken part in a large tri-service cohort and had children aged 3-16 years were asked about the emotional and behavioural well-being of their child(ren) and assessed for symptoms of PTSD via online questionnaires and telephone interview...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664613/advanced-materials-and-devices-for-bioresorbable-electronics
#4
Seung-Kyun Kang, Jahyun Koo, Yoon Kyeung Lee, John A Rogers
Recent advances in materials chemistry establish the foundations for unusual classes of electronic systems, characterized by their ability to fully or partially dissolve, disintegrate, or otherwise physically or chemically decompose in a controlled fashion after some defined period of stable operation. Such types of "transient" technologies may enable consumer gadgets that minimize waste streams associated with disposal, implantable sensors that disappear harmlessly in the body, and hardware-secure platforms that prevent unwanted recovery of sensitive data...
April 17, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657459/stress-radiographs-for-evaluating-acromioclavicular-joint-separations-in-an-active-duty-patient-population-what-have-we-learned
#5
K Aaron Shaw, John Synovec, Josef Eichinger, Christopher J Tucker, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada
Introduction: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation is a common entity in athletic patient populations. The surgical treatment of these injuries varies based upon extent of injury, with numerous imaging modalities recommended to differentiate injury severity and treatment options. The use of weighted stress radiographs is controversial in the diagnostic evaluation of AC separation with previous consensus recommending against their use. No study to date has investigated the clinical utilization of diagnostic studies in the evaluation of AC joint separations in a military surgeon population...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648477/acute-intensive-care-unit-management-of-mustard-gas-victims-the-turkish-experience
#6
Ertugrul Kilic, Mesut Ortatatli, Sermet Sezigen, Rusen Koray Eyison, Levent Kenar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is an highly toxic and vesicant chemical weapon that was used in various military conflicts several times in the history. The severity of ocular, dermal, and pulmonary symptoms that may appear following a characteristic asymptomatic period are depending on the SM concentration and exposure duration. The aim of this study is to present the clinical features and share the intensive care unit (ICU) experiences for the medical management of mustard gas victims. Thirteen Free Syrian Army soldiers near Al-Bab region of North Syria were reportedly exposed to oily blackish smoke with garlic smell due to the explosion of a trapped bomb without causing any blast or thermal effect on 26th November 2016...
April 12, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622982/cardiovascular-disease-and-abo-blood-groups-in-africans-are-blood-group-a-individuals-at-higher-risk-of-ischemic-disease-a-pilot-study
#7
Djibril Marie Ba, Mamadou Saidou Sow, Aminata Diack, Khadidiatou Dia, Mouhamed Cherif Mboup, Pape Diadie Fall, Moussa Daouda Fall
Background: Since the discovery of the ABO blood group system by Karl Landsteiner in 1901, several reports have suggested an important involvement of the ABO blood group system in the susceptibility to thrombosis. Assessing that non-O blood groups in particular A blood group confer a higher risk of venous and arterial thrombosis than group O.Epidemiologic data are typically not available for all racial and ethnics groups.The purpose of this pilot study was to identify a link between ABO blood group and ischemic disease (ID) in Africans, and to analyze whether A blood group individuals were at higher risk of ischemic disease or not...
December 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609973/the-burden-of-gunshot-wounding-of-uk-military-personnel-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-from-2003-14
#8
T Stevenson, D J Carr, J G Penn-Barwell, T J Ringrose, S A Stapley
INTRODUCTION: Gunshot wounding (GSW) is the second most common mechanism of injury in warfare after explosive injury. The aim of this study was to define the clinical burden of GSW placed on UK forces throughout the recent Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data from the UK Military Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR). A JTTR search identified records within the 12 year period of conflict between 19 Mar 2003 and 27 Oct 2014 of all UK military GSW casualties sustained during the complete timelines of both conflicts...
March 27, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609792/-the-nurse-and-the-reconstruction-of-military-casualties-through-sport
#9
REVIEW
Marie-Hedwige Boutet-de Basquiat, Anne Paris, Aline Delalande, Lackhéna Sarhok, Aurore Nguyen, Marie Thomas-Pohl
Soldiers are confronted with physical and mental injuries which constitute a social trauma. The French army has put in place tools, notably sports courses, to favour resilience and the reintegration of casualties. Nurses and nurse assistants working in physical medicine and rehabilitation and psychiatry, play a key role using their skills to support this scheme which runs outside the hospital setting.
April 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604210/a-new-triage-method-for-burn-disasters-fast-triage-in-burns-ftb
#10
Agnieszka Surowiecka-Pastewka, Wojciech Witkowski, Marek Kawecki
BACKGROUND There are few triage methods based on patient age and extent of burn. However, in case of mass casualties, age might be hard to define. Burn segregation in mass-casualty accidents requires an easy, fast, and effective method. Triage in burns should also segregate casualties requiring treatment in burn centers. The aim of this study was to create a proprietary segregation algorithm dedicated to mass-casualty incidents. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis of 939 burned patients admitted to the Clinical Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Military Institute of Medicine (MIM) in Warsaw and to the Center for the Treatment of Burns (CTB) in Siemianowice Śląskie in 2012 and 2013 was performed...
March 31, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594343/heat-and-light-stresses-affect-metabolite-production-in-the-fruit-body-of-the-medicinal-mushroom-cordyceps-militaris
#11
Zhang Jiaojiao, Wang Fen, Liu Kuanbo, Liu Qing, Yang Ying, Dong Caihong
Cordyceps militaris is a highly valued edible and medicinal fungus due to its production of various metabolites, including adenosine, cordycepin, N6 -(2-hydroxyethyl)-adenosine, and carotenoids. The contents of these metabolites are indicative of the quality of commercially available fruit body of this fungus. In this work, the effects of environmental abiotic factors, including heat and light stresses, on the fruit body growth and metabolite production in C. militaris were evaluated during the late growth stage...
March 29, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590483/building-capacity-for-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-through-a-large-cross-agency-acupuncture-training-program-lessons-learned-from-a-military-health-system-and-veterans-health-administration-joint-initiative-project
#12
Richard Niemtzow, John Baxter, Rollin M Gallagher, Arnyce Pock, Kathryn Calabria, David Drake, Kevin Galloway, Joan Walter, Richard Petri, Thomas Piazza, Stephen Burns, Lew Hofmann, John Biery, Chester Buckenmaier
Introduction: Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) use in the USA continues to expand, including within the Military Health System (MHS) and Veterans Health Administration (VHA). To mitigate the opioid crisis and provide additional non-pharmacological pain management options, a large cross-agency collaborative project sought to develop and implement a systems-wide curriculum, entitled Acupuncture Training Across Clinical Settings (ATACS). Materials and Methods: ATACS curriculum content and structure were created and refined over the course of the project in response to consultations with Subject Matter Experts and provider feedback...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590447/staying-power-does-the-uniformed-services-university-continue-to-meet-its-obligation-to-the-nation-s-health-care-needs
#13
Ronald M Cervero, Dario Torre, Steven J Durning, Deanna Schreiber-Gregory, Brian V Reamy, Louis N Pangaro, John R Boulet
Introduction: The Uniformed Services University F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine just passed its 45th anniversary, opening in 1972. A goal of the medical school, like those nationally, is the production of high-quality physicians. The purpose of this study is to describe the practice characteristics of our USU graduates and to compare data with the national cohort of U.S. MD graduates. Materials and Methods: To accomplish this, we performed a retrospective analysis of U...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589042/-hemostyptics-for-treatment-of-junctional-vascular-injuries-management-of-traumatic-vascular-injuries-at-the-transition-from-trunk-to-extremities
#14
REVIEW
D C Hinck, S Wipper, E S Debus
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled post-traumatic bleeding is still the leading cause of death among trauma patients. In situations of mass casualty incidents (MASCAL) and military conflicts the treatment of uncontrolled critical bleeding is a challenge and associated with a worse outcome due to the austere environment; however, even under optimal treatment circumstances in situations of individual medicine the severity of vascular trauma is underestimated. As a consequence, this leads to a poorer prognosis for patients with (vascular) injuries...
March 27, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588237/john-c-vangilder-1935-2007-neurosurgical-leader-and-founder-of-the-department-of-neurosurgery-at-the-university-of-iowa
#15
REVIEW
Taylor J Abel, Marshall T Holland, Timothy Walch, Matthew A Howard
John C. VanGilder, the former professor and chairman of neurosurgery at the University of Iowa died on August 27, 2007 after making a lasting impact to the field of neurosurgery both in the United States and abroad. In this manuscript, we review VanGilder's life and achievements. VanGilder was born in 1935 in West Virginia and received his undergraduate education at West Virginia University in Morgantown. He studied medicine at the University of West Virginia, completing his final two years at the University of Pittsburgh, and after serving in the U...
March 24, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582941/-the-new-hadassah-hebrew-university-medical-center-a-leader-in-israeli-public-medicine
#16
Dror Mevorach, Meir Leibergall, Zeev Rothstein
Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center is regaining its lead in Israeli public medicine with clinical excellence, state-of-the art technology, high achievement in research, and outstanding medical education for students and trainees. Hadassah has two campuses at Ein Kerem and Mount Scopus that together offer 1200-hospital beds and 40 hybrid and advanced operating rooms. Hadassah Medical Center, an initiative of Hadassah organization led by Henrietta Szold, is one of the foremost health care providers in Israel...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563164/deployed-military-general-internal-physician-s-toolkit-the-recent-past-and-near-future
#17
Iain Parsons, E J Hutley, I Gibb, J Lentaigne, D Wilson, A T Cox
INTRODUCTION: The role of the military physician in Deployed Hospital Care involves the diagnosis and management of a wide variety of disease states. Broad clinical skills need to be complemented by judicious use of a limited array of investigations. No study has specifically quantified what investigations physicians use on operations. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed to ascertain what investigations were undertaken on all patients managed by the General Internal Medicine teams over a 14 month period during a recent enduring operation in Afghanistan...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562465/-impact-on-platelet-recovery-of-recombinant-human-thrombopoietin-in-severe-aplastic-anemia-patients-with-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Y Song, F Zhou, N X Song, X M Liu, Z Yu, L N Xie, X C Song, X Li
Objective: To investigate and analyze the impact on PLT recovery of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: A retrospective analysis of Hematology Division of General Hospital of Jinan Military Command was conducted in the 85 SAA cases who treated with allo-HSCT from January 2010 to March 2017. According to the administration of medicines for platelets, 85 patients were divided into rhTPO group ( n =29), rhIL-11 group ( n =27) and blank group ( n =29), respectively...
March 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551528/challenges-of-military-health-service-support-in-mountain-warfare
#19
REVIEW
Raimund Lechner, Thomas Küpper, Markus Tannheimer
INTRODUCTION: History is full of examples of the influence of the mountain environment on warfare. The aim of this article is to identify the main environmental hazards and summarize countermeasures to mitigate the impact of this unique environment. METHODS: A selective PubMed and Internet search was conducted. Additionally, we searched bibliographies for useful supplemental literature and included the recommendations of the leading mountain medicine and wilderness medicine societies...
March 16, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547989/pupillometer-use-validation-for-use-in-military-and-occupational-medical-surveillance-and-response-to-organophosphate-and-chemical-warfare-agent-exposure
#20
Luke Mease, Reema Sikka, Randall Rhees
Introduction: To analyze the effectiveness and suitability of pupillometer use in military and occupational medicine, specifically when pupil size is measured as part of medical surveillance. Pupil size is the most sensitive physical exam finding in vapor exposure to substances that inhibit acetylcholinesterase, such as nerve agent (chemical warfare) and organophosphates (used in agriculture). Pupillometer use permits real-time, accurate pupil measurements, which are of significant value in occupational setting where exposure to organophosphates is suspected and in dynamic military settings where it may be unclear if service members were exposed to nerve agent or not...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
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