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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#1
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#2
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316211/-study-on-li-ting-an-s-contribution-to-military-medicine-during-1932-1943
#3
Y C Li
From 1920, Li Ting'an started to pay attention to military medicine. At the beginning of the Anti-Japanese War, Li Ting'an compiled books of military medicine, restored the health office, participated in the compilation of first aid measures, rehabilitation outlines, and methods of protection practice, and preparing the establishment of hospitals for wounded soldiers in order to support the Anti-Japanese War. At that time, he was appointed as the anti-epidemic commissioner of South China to organize and conduct the epidemic prevention works in the War...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303994/association-of-il-6-c-174g-rs-1800795-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-pakistani-population
#4
Amina Nadeem, Sadaf Mumtaz, Abdul Khaliq Naveed, Qaiser Mansoor, Muhammad Aslam, Arif Siddiqui, Muhammad Ismail
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of interleukin-6 C-174G single nucleotide polymorphism with type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic parameters. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted from June 2012 to December 2013 at the Military Hospital Rawalpindi, the Centre for Research in Experimental and Applied Medicine, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, and the Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering, Islamabad, Pakistan. Two cohorts of subjects were genotyped for the single nucleotide polymorphism...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291469/use-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-in-an-army-interdisciplinary-pain-management-center-lessons-learned-and-future-implications-of-a-10-month-beta-test
#5
Diane M Flynn, Karon Cook, Michael Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Ricke Weickum, Teresa Collins, Ashley Johnson, Dawn Morgan, Kevin Galloway, Kristin Joltes
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Army Comprehensive Pain Management Campaign Plan was launched in 2010 to improve pain outcomes in military populations. Interdisciplinary Pain Management Centers (IPMCs) were established at every Army medical center, each offering a robust array of treatment options including conventional and complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) pain management therapies. The Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR) was developed to assess and track biopsychosocial aspects of pain management and to identify best treatment practices...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291463/streamlining-participant-recruitment-for-tbi-and-ptsd-research-studies
#6
Shristi Joshi, Kerri Dunbar, Patricia Taylor, Kelli L Sullivan, Mariam M Afzal, Christina Song, Maulik Purohit, Michael J Roy
OBJECTIVES: Recruitment of participants for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) studies is a major challenge, causing delays in study timelines and even study failures. To address this challenge, the Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine (CNRM) Recruitment Core developed procedures for identification, screening, and referral of participants from screening studies to a broad range of TBI and PTSD studies. METHODS: Participants were recruited from civilian hospitals, Military Treatment Facilities, and through various events and presentations...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290981/case-report-of-clinical-vignette-osteopetrosis
#7
John B Moore, Thanh D Hoang, Alfred F Shwayhat
INTRODUCTION: Osteopetrosis is a connective tissue disorder resulting from abnormally dense bone predisposing patients to fracture. The clinical pattern of fractures across time and space as well as suggestive radiographic findings usually raises diagnostic suspicion. Multiple genetic mutations resulting in dysfunctional osteoclasts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteopetrosis with variable inheritance patterns. In severe cases, usually inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, the medullary cavity important in the production of normal blood cell progenitors is replaced by defective endochondral bone, leading to pancytopenia and consequential extramedullary hematopoiesis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290967/the-brief-military-career-of-dr-william-h-welch
#8
James K Gilman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to examine the Army service of Dr. William H. Welch during World War I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archival research utilizing prime source documents in the William H. Welch Collection of the Alan M. Chesney Medical Archives for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. RESULTS: Welch joined the Army at the age of 67 after serving as one of the principal transformational forces for reforming medical education in the United States and founding the first academic institution for educating public health professionals in the United States, the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290958/comparative-assessment-of-three-approaches-of-teaching-nonmedically-trained-persons-in-the-handling-of-supraglottic-airways-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Mario Hensel, Willi Schmidbauer, Michael Benker, Paula Schmieder, Thoralf Kerner
BACKGROUND: The use of supraglottic airways has been recommended in combat trauma airway management. To ensure an adequate airway management on the battlefield, suitable training concepts are sought to efficiently teach as many soldiers as possible. Our aim was to compare three approaches of teaching laypersons in the handling of supraglottic airways in a mannequin model. METHODS: In this prospective randomized blinded study, 285 military service men without any medical background were divided into three groups and trained in the use of the Laryngeal Mask Airway Supreme (LMA) and the Laryngeal Tube Disposable (LT-D)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290954/improving-surgical-complications-and-patient-safety-at-the-nation-s-largest-military-hospital-an-analysis-of-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-data
#10
Steve Maturo, Charlotte Hughes, George Kallingal, Stephen Silvey, A J Johnson, Douglas Soderdahl, Evan Renz, Joseph Brennan
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Military Health System cares for over 9 million patients and encompasses 63 hospitals and 413 clinics worldwide. Military medicine balances the simultaneous tasks of caring for those patients wounded in military engagements, treating large numbers of families of service men and women, and training the next generation of health care providers and ancillary staff. Similar to civilian health care delivery in the United States, military medicine has also seen increased scrutiny in the areas of cost and quality...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290949/dod-supported-overseas-training-rotations-in-tropical-medicine-and-global-health-2000-2015
#11
James D Mancuso, Patrick W Hickey, Rodney L Coldren, Amy K Korman, Lisa W Keep, Robert F DeFraites, Maria Smith, Luke J Mancuso, Jose L Sanchez
In 1999, the Department of Defense developed a tropical medicine training program (TMTP) to train military physicians, medical students, and scientists in performing surveillance activities in an overseas environment. This review describes the competencies, educational approach, program participants, institutional collaborations, and process outcomes of the TMTP from 2000 to 2015. TMTP-sponsored rotations addressed a wide variety of interdisciplinary competencies, many of which have military-unique applications...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290942/increased-postdeployment-use-of-medication-for-common-mental-disorders-in-danish-gulf-war-veterans
#12
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Mia Sadowa Vedtofte, Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Jacob Louis Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
BACKGROUND: Gulf War veterans (GWVs) have an elevated risk of reporting symptoms of mental disorders as compared with nondeployed military controls. A difficulty in the Gulf War health research is that most health outcomes are self-reported; therefore, it is highly relevant to study objective outcomes in this line of research. The Danish National Prescription Registry provides an opportunity to use the prescription of drugs as an objective evaluation of the impact of mental health disorders at the individual level...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290940/effects-of-combat-deployment-on-anthropometrics-and-physiological-status-of-u-s-army-special-operations-forces-soldiers
#13
Emily K Farina, Jonathan C Taylor, Gary E Means, Kelly W Williams, Nancy E Murphy, Lee M Margolis, Stefan M Pasiakos, Harris R Lieberman, James P McClung
INTRODUCTION: U.S. Army Special Operations Forces (SOF) soldiers deploy frequently and conduct military operations through special warfare and surgical strike capabilities. Tasks required to execute these capabilities may induce physical and mental stress and have the potential to degrade soldier physiological status. No investigations have longitudinally characterized whether combat deployment alters anthropometrics or biochemical markers of physiological status in a SOF population of frequent deployers...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290932/primary-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-u-s-military-in-the-post-don-t-ask-don-t-tell-era-a-review-of-recent-progress-health-needs-and-challenges
#14
Wesley R Campbell, Mojgan Jahan, Mary F Bavaro, Robert J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: With repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in 2011 and the Supreme Court decision regarding Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in 2013, military providers are now able to openly address unique health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) service members and their same-sex spouse beneficiaries. These federal laws created health care barriers, either real or perceived, between providers and patients and often limited medical research involving LGB patients in the Military Health System (MHS)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290931/prophylactic-ankle-bracing-in-military-settings-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Thomas M Newman, Michael R Gay, W E Buckley
BACKGROUND: Within athletics and the military, ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries with the potential for long-term functional deficits. Incidence rates for ankle sprains within the military are one of the leading causes of limited duty days, especially during basic combat training, parachute training exercises, and in cadet populations. In 2008, the Department of Defense U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventative Medicine report recommended that military personnel should wear semirigid ankle braces during parachuting, basketball, soccer, and other similar high-risk activities to reduce ankle sprain injuries...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290930/medical-effects-of-a-transuranic-dirty-bomb
#16
Asaf Durakovic
The modern military battlefields are characterized by the use of nonconventional weapons such as encountered in the conflicts of the Gulf War I and Gulf War II. Recent warfare in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Balkans has introduced radioactive weapons to the modern war zone scenarios. This presents the military medicine with a new area of radioactive warfare with the potential large scale contamination of military and civilian targets with the variety of radioactive isotopes further enhanced by the clandestine use of radioactive materials in the terrorist radioactive warfare...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290929/advanced-trauma-life-support-time-standards
#17
Andrew B Hall, Felix S Boecker, Joseph M Shipp, Dennis Hanseman
INTRODUCTION: Trauma readiness is critical to military medicine. Without medical centers that include persistent volumes of trauma, simulation has become the means to maintain and practice those skills. To create those simulations, standards for both design and metrics to evaluate practitioners are required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four traumas were monitored and times to completion of the various steps of Advanced Trauma Life Support were recorded and tabulated...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#18
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286724/a-questionnaire-based-survey-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residency-training-in-pakistan
#19
Farooq A Rathore, Aamir W Butt, Nabila Soomro, Noreen Akhtar
Pakistan is one of the three countries in South East Asia that has an active postgraduate physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) training program. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) offers a four-year structured training program in PM&R. It consists of clinical teaching, lectures, rotations in other specialties, and writing a research dissertation. The aim of this survey was to provide an objective analysis of the current PM&R training program, including the facilities available for training, the participation of residents in academic activities, and their participation in different PM&R procedures...
January 31, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285492/admiral-s-log-surgeon-general-vadm-michael-cowan-s-insights-on-military-medicine
#20
Andre Pennardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
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