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Re-orienting negativity

B R Simon Rosser, Benjamin Capistrant, Beatriz Torres, Badrinath Konety, Enyinnaya Merengwa, Darryl Mitteldorf, William West
The effect of prostate cancer treatment in gay and bisexual men is an under-researched area. In 2015, we conducted in-depth telephone interviews with 19 gay and bisexual men who had undergone radical prostatectomies. Across the respondents' five emotional themes emerged: (1) shock at the diagnosis, (2) a reactive, self-reported "depression", (3) sex-specific situational anxiety, (4) a sense of grief, and, (5) an enduring loss of sexual confidence. Identity challenges included loss of a sense of maleness and manhood, changes in strength of sexual orientation, role-in-sex identity, and immersion into sexual sub-cultures...
2016: Sexual and Relationship Therapy: Journal of the British Association for Sexual and Relationship Therapy
Evangelos Tsiambas, Christos Riziotis
Cervical cancer screening based on the Papanicolaou (Pap) test is a widely applied but not always efficient practice for detecting Human Papillomavirus (HPV) mediated lesions, partially due to a non-systematic and inadequate screening process. Our aim was to introduce an inexpensive easy-to-use direct screening platform for improved detection of abnormal cells indicative of underlying cervical neoplasia as well as persisting HPV infection. By employing a novel, efficient technique of laser-based micromachining, we achieved the fabrication of spatial grids on commercially available coverslips allowing visual segmentation of the slide for efficient screening...
January 2017: Pathology International
Gioia Bottesi, Marta Ghisi, Eleonora Carraro, Nicola Barclay, Rebecca Payne, Mark H Freeston
The Intolerance of Uncertainty Model (IUM) of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) attributes a key role to Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and additional roles to Positive Beliefs about Worry (PBW), Negative Problem Orientation (NPO), and Cognitive Avoidance (CA), in the development and maintenance of worry, the core feature of GAD. Despite the role of the IUM components in worry and GAD has been considerably demonstrated, to date no studies have explicitly assessed whether and how PBW, NPO, and CA might turn IU into worry and somatic anxiety...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Cinzia Bressi, Silvia Fronza, Eleonora Minacapelli, Emanuela Paola Nocito, Elisabetta Dipasquale, Lorenzo Magri, Francesca Lionetti, Lavinia Barone
OBJECTIVES: In depressed patients, recent advances have highlighted impairment in mentalizing: identifying and interpreting one's own or other's mental states. Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) has proven to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving relational/functional abilities in these subjects. Therefore, the first aim of our study was to evaluate effectiveness of STPP with Mentalization-Based Techniques (STMBP) on their clinical outcomes and the second, to investigate Reflective Functioning and alexithymia concerning treatment outcomes in depressed subjects...
November 1, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Angie De La Cruz, Sarah E Morale, Reed M Jost, Krista R Kelly, Eileen E Birch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stereoacuity measurement is a common element of pediatric ophthalmic examinations. Although the Stereo Fly Test is routinely used to establish the presence of coarse stereopsis (3000 arcsecs), it often yields a false negative "pass" due to learned responses and non-stereoscopic cues. We developed and evaluated a modified Stereo Fly Test protocol aimed at increasing sensitivity, thus reducing false negatives. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Stereo Fly Test was administered according to manufacturer instructions to 321 children aged 3-12 years...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
Panida Lertkiatmongkol, Cathy Paddock, Debra K Newman, Jieqing Zhu, Michael J Thomas, Peter J Newman
Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (PECAM-1) is a major component of the endothelial cell intercellular junction. Previous studies have shown that PECAM-1 homophilic interactions, mediated by amino-terminal immunoglobulin homology domain 1, contribute to maintenance of the vascular permeability barrier and to its re-establishment following inflammatory or thrombotic insult. PECAM-1 glycans account for ∼30% of its molecular mass, and the newly solved crystal structure of human PECAM-1 immunoglobulin homology domain 1 reveals that a glycan emanating from the asparagine residue at position 25 (Asn-25) is located within the trans homophilic-binding interface, suggesting a role for an Asn-25-associated glycan in PECAM-1 homophilic interactions...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Philippe Holzmuller, Philippe Nirdé, Frédéric Vezilier, Paul Chuchana
: Macrophages exhibit multifunctional activity and play a central role in the response to infectious agents. It is commonly accepted that the plasticity of the response of macrophages depends on the type of stimuli. Here we re-evaluate whether the macrophage response is only dependent on the stimulus. We analyzed the transcriptomic profile of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) that were activated with several pathogens and multiple in vitro-stimulations. The transcriptomic data were normalized using matched-pair analysis...
October 11, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Geancarlo Zanatta, Gustavo Della Flora Nunes, Eveline Matias Bezerra, Roner F da Costa, Alice Maria Martins, Ewerton Wagner Santos Caetano, Valder Nogueira Freire, Carmem Gottfried
Risperidone is an atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and of symptoms of irritability associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Its main action mechanism is the blockade of D2-like receptors acting over positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia with small risk of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) at doses corresponding to low/moderate D2 occupancy. Such decrease in the side effect incidence can be associated to its fast unbinding from D2 receptors in the nigrostriatal region allowing the recovery of dopamine signaling pathways...
July 19, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Zhen-Hua Cui, Wen-Lu Bi, Xin-Yi Hao, Yan Xu, Peng-Min Li, M Andrew Walker, Qiao-Chun Wang
Stresses caused by viral diseases and drought have long threatened sustainable production of grapevine. These two stresses frequently occur simultaneously in many of grapevine growing regions of the world. We studied responses of in vitro-grown plantlets (Vitis vinifera) to Grapevine leafroll associated virus-3 (GLRaV-3) and PEG-induced drought stress. Results showed that stress induced by either virus infection or drought had negative effects on vegetative growth, caused significant decreases and increases in total soluble protein and free proline, respectively, induced obvious cell membrane damage and cell death, and markedly increased accumulations of [Formula: see text] and H2O2...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Chan-Gun Lee, Nhu-Ngoc Dao, Seonmin Jang, Deokhwan Kim, Yonghun Kim, Sungrae Cho
Sensor fusion techniques have made a significant contribution to the success of the recently emerging mobile applications era because a variety of mobile applications operate based on multi-sensing information from the surrounding environment, such as navigation systems, fitness trackers, interactive virtual reality games, etc. For these applications, the accuracy of sensing information plays an important role to improve the user experience (UX) quality, especially with gyroscopes and accelerometers. Therefore, in this paper, we proposed a novel mechanism to resolve the gyro drift problem, which negatively affects the accuracy of orientation computations in the indirect Kalman filter based sensor fusion...
2016: Sensors
Dmytro S Radchenko, Saskia Kattge, Sezgin Kara, Anne S Ulrich, Sergii Afonin
Yes. To understand the molecular mechanisms of amphiphilic membrane-active peptides, it is essential to study their interactions with lipid bilayers under near-native conditions. Amino acid composition largely determines the non-specific properties of peptides, on the basis of the physicochemical properties of the side chains. The resultant effects on peptides' functional properties include influences on the conformation, structural dynamics and binding affinities within the peptide interactome. Here, we studied the effect of substituting oxidation-prone methionine (Met) with non-oxidizable norleucine (Nle) in the model α-helical antimicrobial peptide PGLa, through systematic comparison of PGLa with the (2)Met/(2)Nle mutant...
September 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Martin Pecaric, Kathy Boutis, Jason Beckstead, Martin Pusic
Collecting and analyzing large amounts of process data for the purposes of education can be considered a big data/learning analytics (BD/LA) approach to improving learning. However, in the education of health care professionals, the application of BD/LA is limited to date. The authors discuss the potential advantages of the BD/LA approach for the process of learning via cognitive simulations. Using the lens of a cognitive model of radiograph interpretation with four phases (orientation, searching/scanning, feature detection, and decision making), they reanalyzed process data from a cognitive simulation of pediatric ankle radiography where 46 practitioners from three expertise levels classified 234 cases online...
May 24, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Dana Hayward, Vicky Bungay, Angela C Wolff, Valerie MacDonald
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to critically examine the factors that contribute to turnover of experienced nurses' including their decision to leave practice settings and seek alternate nursing employment. In this study, we explore experienced nurses' decision-making processes and examine the personal and environmental factors that influenced their decision to leave. BACKGROUND: Nursing turnover remains a pressing problem for healthcare delivery...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Menja Scheer, Heinrich H Bülthoff, Lewis L Chuang
The current study investigates the demands that steering places on mental resources. Instead of a conventional dual-task paradigm, participants of this study were only required to perform a steering task while task-irrelevant auditory distractor probes (environmental sounds and beep tones) were intermittently presented. The event-related potentials (ERPs), which were generated by these probes, were analyzed for their sensitivity to the steering task's demands. The steering task required participants to counteract unpredictable roll disturbances and difficulty was manipulated either by adjusting the bandwidth of the roll disturbance or by varying the complexity of the control dynamics...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Chiara Volpato, Maria Angeles Prats Sedano, Stefano Silvoni, Nicoletta Segato, Marianna Cavinato, Antonio Merico, Francesco Piccione, Arianna Palmieri, Niels Birbaumer
Objective of this study was to evaluate attentional control mechanisms in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using an auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) paradigm. Fifteen mild to moderate ALS patients and 15 healthy controls were administered a brief neuropsychological test battery and an ERPs paradigm assessing selective attention. Four types of auditory stimuli were presented in random order: short standard (200 Hz, 200 ms), long standard (200 Hz, 500 ms), short deviant (1000 Hz, 200 ms) and long deviant (1000 Hz, 500 ms)...
2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Mihoko A Tame, Jonne A Raaijmakers, Pavel Afanasyev, René H Medema
Cortical pulling forces on astral microtubules are essential to position the spindle. These forces are generated by cortical dynein, a minus-end directed motor. Previously, another dynein regulator termed Spindly was proposed to regulate dynein-dependent spindle positioning. However, the mechanism of how Spindly regulates spindle positioning has remained elusive. Here, we find that the misalignment of chromosomes caused by Spindly depletion is directly provoking spindle misorientation. Chromosome misalignments induced by CLIP-170 or CENP-E depletion or by noscapine treatment are similarly accompanied by severe spindle-positioning defects...
March 2016: EMBO Reports
V Sinayko, L Korovina
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of motivational and targeted psychoeducational programs designed for patients with paranoid schizophrenia with abdominal obesity. We observed 34 women aged 18-42 with continuous-flow type paranoid schizophrenia. All patients had a concomitant abdominal obesity, which developed secondarily after long-term administration of second generation antipsychotic medications (at least 1 year). Based on clinical-psychopathological and psychometric methods of assessment and on the analysis of Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire we have developed modules for psychoeducational programs...
January 2016: Georgian Medical News
Silvia Selinski, Stephan Getzmann, Patrick D Gajewski, Meinolf Blaszkewicz, Jan G Hengstler, Michael Falkenstein, Klaus Golka
N-Acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) genotype is associated with age-related declines in basic sensory hearing functions. However, the possible modulatory role of NAT2 for higher cognitive functions has not yet been studied. We tested auditory goal-directed behavior and attentional control in 120 NAT2 genotyped subjects (63-88 years), using an auditory distraction paradigm in which participants responded to the duration of long and short tone stimuli. We studied involuntary shifts in attention to task-irrelevant deviant stimuli and applied event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine which cognitive subprocesses are affected by NAT2 status on a neurophysiological level...
December 2015: Archives of Toxicology
Reena H Doshi, Patrick Mukadi, Calixte Shidi, Audry Mulumba, Nicole A Hoff, Sue Gerber, Emile Okitolonda-Wemakoy, Benoit Kebela Ilunga, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: Large-scale measles outbreaks in areas with high administrative vaccine coverage rates suggest the need to re-evaluate measles prevention and control in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Monitoring of measles Vaccine Effectiveness (VE) is a useful measure of quality control in immunization programs. We estimated measles VE among children aged 12-59 months in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) using laboratory surveillance data from 2010-2012. METHODS: We used the case-based surveillance system with laboratory confirmation to conduct a case-control study using the test negative design...
June 26, 2015: Vaccine
Andrea Madeo, Paolo Piras, Federica Re, Stefano Gabriele, Paola Nardinocchi, Luciano Teresi, Concetta Torromeo, Claudia Chialastri, Michele Schiariti, Geltrude Giura, Antonietta Evangelista, Tania Dominici, Valerio Varano, Elisabetta Zachara, Paolo Emilio Puddu
The assessment of left ventricular shape changes during cardiac revolution may be a new step in clinical cardiology to ease early diagnosis and treatment. To quantify these changes, only point registration was adopted and neither Generalized Procrustes Analysis nor Principal Component Analysis were applied as we did previously to study a group of healthy subjects. Here, we extend to patients affected by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy the original approach and preliminarily include genotype positive/phenotype negative individuals to explore the potential that incumbent pathology might also be detected...
2015: PloS One
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