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Hearing, audiology

Robert J Yawn, Brendan P O'Connell, Robert T Dwyer, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Susan Reynolds, David S Haynes, René H Gifford
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate performance and quality of life changes after sequential bilateral cochlear implantation in patients with preoperative residual hearing functioning in a bimodal hearing configuration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using within-subjects repeated measures design. SETTING: Tertiary otologic center. PATIENTS: Twenty-two adult patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who used bimodal hearing before second cochlear implant (CI) meeting the following criteria: 1) preoperative residual hearing (≤80 dB HL at 250 Hz) in the ear to be implanted, 2) implantation with current CI technology (2013-2016), 3) consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) speech recognition testing in the bimodal condition preoperatively and bilateral CI condition postoperatively...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Sébastien Santurette, Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, Lisbeth Tranebjærg, Ture Andersen, Torben Poulsen, Torsten Dau
Our auditory environment is constantly changing and evolving over time, requiring us to rapidly adapt to a complex dynamic sensory input. This adaptive ability of our auditory system can be observed at different levels, from individual cell responses to complex neural mechanisms and behavior, and is essential to achieve successful speech communication, correct orientation in our full environment, and eventually survival. These adaptive processes may differ in individuals with hearing loss, whose auditory system may cope via "readapting" itself over a longer time scale to the changes in sensory input induced by hearing impairment and the compensation provided by hearing devices...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
K Kshithi, S Vijendra Shenoy, M Panduranga Kamath, Suja Sreedharan, N Manisha, Meera N Khadilkar, Vikranth Kamboj, Jayashree S Bhat
OBJECTIVES: To compare the audiological profiles in postmenopausal women with and without osteoporosis and to study the pattern of hearing loss in osteoporotic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 80 postmenopausal women were evaluated at a tertiary referral center and were divided into normal, osteopenic and osteoporotic based on BMD results. The hearing evaluation was done using PTA, Impedance audiometry and DPOAE and the results were compared between the groups and analyzed...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Dorota Hojan-Jezierska, Wawrzyniec Loba, Marta Worona, Artur Matthews-Brzozowski
A review of numerous case reports was made, in order to demonstrate the possibilities for treatment of dental disorders in patients with Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD). In this paper, our own report, including a diagnosis of the effect on the auditory system, is presented. In addition to the triad of CCD symptoms that include hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, impacted and supernumerary teeth, delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, impairment of the hearing system resulting in conductive hearing loss also occurs...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Elaine C Thompson, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Trent Nicol, Cynthia R LaBella, Nina Kraus
OBJECTIVE: Concussions can result in auditory processing deficits even in the absence of hearing loss. In children and adolescents, the extent to which these impairments have functional consequences for everyday listening, such as the ability to understand speech in noisy environments, is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN: Case-control study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty youth comprised the participants: 20 had sustained a concussion and were recovering from their injury, and 20 controls had sustained non-concussive orthopaedic (e...
March 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Badi Aldosari, Jean-Marc Thomassin
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate our experience with endoscopic repair of ossicular discontinuity at the incudostapedial joint, with or without an intact stapes suprastructure, and present our hearing results. We classify results based on the causative pathology, the type of ossiculoplasty, and type of lesion. We demonstrate the ability to endoscopically place a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), measuring 4.25 mm, between the stapes footplate and the incus remnant to reestablish ossicular continuity...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Günay Kırkım, Başak Mutlu, Yüksel Olgun, Tural Tanriverdizade, Pembe Keskinoğlu, Enis Alpin Güneri, Gülden Akdal
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the auditory findings in vestibular migraine (VM) and migraine patients without a history of vertigo. Methods: This study was conducted on 44 patients diagnosed with definite VM and 31 patients diagnosed with migraine who were followed and treated between January 2011 and February 2015. Also, 52 healthy subjects were included in this study as a control group. All participants underwent a detailed otorhinolaryngological examination followed by audiological evaluation, including pure tone audiometry, speech reception threshold, speech recognition score, and acoustic immitancemetry...
December 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Bong Jik Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Moo Kyun Park, Jun Ho Lee, Seung-Ha Oh, Myung-Whan Suh
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the feasibility of endoscopy in exposing the anterior surface of the malleus and tensor tympani tendon (ASMT) in children with congenital cholesteatoma (CC), and investigated the outcomes of hearing, postoperative complications, and residual or recurrent disease in endoscopic surgical approach cases. METHODS: A retrospective case review was performed in one tertiary referral center. Twelve children with CC involving the ASMT were recruited, and their medical records were reviewed...
March 5, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Theresa Pitt-Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To analyse referral cohorts from School Entry Screening, Hearing (SHS) and Vision Screening (SVS) before and after documented changes. To compare referrals to pre-school specialists with subsequent group SHS outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized cohort, audit analysis of Community Nursing Developmental and SES records (CHRs), plus Audiology file review for SHS referrals. STUDY SAMPLE: Six hundred and sixty-eight mainstream pupils' CHRs were analysed in four birth cohorts, post-SES, using coded anonymized records...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Shibani Myne, Veronica Kennedy
OBJECTIVE: Hyperacusis is commonly seen in clinical paediatric practice and can be distressing for the children and their families. This paper looks at the clinical profile of children seen for hyperacusis in a paediatric audiology service and reviews the possible underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Retrospective study of case notes of 61 children with troublesome hyperacusis seen in the paediatric audiology service, looking at their clinical presentation and presence of other medical conditions...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jeyanthi Kulasegarah, Helen Burgess, Michel Neeff, Colin R S Brown
INTRODUCTION: To compare the audiological results of Bone Conduction Hearing Aid (BCHA) on hard test band and Bonebridge (BB) implant among children with microtia and atresia. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with microtia and atresia who underwent BB implant insertion from September 2014 to February 2017 in Starship Children's Hospital. Preoperative audiological testing using a powered BCHA (Oticon Medical Ponto Pro Power) on a hard test band was used to compare post-operative hearing assessments with the BB...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Niall A M Klyn, Samantha Kleindienst Robler, Razan Alfakir, Donald W Nielsen, James W Griffith, Deborah L Carlson, Larry Lundy, Sumitrajit Dhar, David A Zapala
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of two red flag protocols in detecting ear diseases associated with changes in hearing. DESIGN: The presence of red-flag symptoms was determined in a chart review of 307 adult patients from the Mayo Clinic Florida Departments of Otorhinolaryngology and Audiology. Participants formed a convenience sample recruited for a separate study. Neurotologist diagnosis was the criterion for comparisons...
March 1, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Maria Stella Arantes do Amaral, Ana Cláudia Mirândola B Reis, Eduardo T Massuda, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito
INTRODUCTION: The surgery during which the cochlear implant internal device is implanted is not entirely free of risks and may produce problems that will require revision surgeries. OBJECTIVE: To verify the indications for cochlear implantation revision surgery for the cochlear implant internal device, its effectiveness and its correlation with certain variables related to language and hearing. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients under 18 years submitted to cochlear implant Surgery from 2004 to 2015 in a public hospital in Brazil...
February 16, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Vidya Ramkumar, K R John, K Selvakumar, C S Vanaja, Roopa Nagarajan, James W Hall
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cost and outcome of a community-based hearing screening programme in which village health workers (VHWs) screened children in their homes using a two-step DPOAE screening protocol. Children referred in a second screening underwent tele diagnostic ABR testing in a mobile tele-van using satellite connectivity or at local centre using broadband internet at the rural location. DESIGN: Economic analysis was carried out to estimate cost incurred and outcome achieved for hearing screening, follow-up diagnostic assessment and identification of hearing loss...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Andrew J Vermiglio, Sigfrid D Soli, Xiangming Fang
BACKGROUND: The primary components of a diagnostic accuracy study are an index test, the target condition (or disorder), and a reference standard. According to the Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy statement, the reference standard should be the best method available to independently determine if the results of an index test are correct. Pure-tone thresholds have been used as the "gold standard" for the validation of some tests used in audiology. Many studies, however, have shown a lack of agreement between the audiogram and the patient's perception of hearing ability...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
A V Gurov, Yu V Levina, A L Guseva, Z G Elchueva, S P Efimova, M V Gordienko
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the specific features of the clinical course of acute otitis media as well as the peculiarities of the vestibular function and the microbial paysage associated with this pathological condition under the present-day conditions. The study included 135 patients presenting with acute otitis media (AOM) at different stages of the disease. The discharge obtained from the tympanic cavity of all the patients was examined with the use of polymerase chain reaction in real time, audiological and vestibulogical methods...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
V T Pal'chun, O A Mel'nikov, Yu V Levina, A L Guseva
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of occurrence and clinical features of vertigo spells in the patients presenting with Ménière's disease (MD) associated with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with MD were available for the observation. All of them underwent the comprehensive examination that included the audiological study and vestibular tests, such as the Dix-Hallpike test and the roll-test for BPPV diagnostics...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
A S Lapchenko, A G Kucherov, I V Ivanets, V I Aslamazova, R Ya Order, M A Yushkina
This article was designed to describe the history of the establishment and development of the research divisions based at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the Faculty of General Medicine, N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, including laser, vestibulogical, and audiological laboratories. The authors present an overview of the main research activities and achievements of the Department with special reference to the management of Meniere's disease, cochlear-vestibular disorders associated with sensorineural hearing loss, injuries to the organs of hearing, and diseases of the central nervous system...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Jason A Beyea, Emily Rosen, Trina Stephens, Paul Nguyen, Stephen F Hall
Objective Tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion is the most common ambulatory surgery performed on children. American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Founda-tion (AAO-HNSF) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) recommend hearing testing for all pediatric TT candidates. The aim of this study was to assess audiometric testing in this population. Study Design Retrospective population-based cohort study. Setting All hospitals in the Canadian province of Ontario. Subjects and Methods All patients 12 years of age and younger who underwent at least 1 TT procedure between January 1993 and June 2016...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Theodore R McRackan, William B Clinkscales, Jayne B Ahlstrom, Shaun A Nguyen, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVE: Identify factors associated with benefit of middle ear implants (MEIs) as compared to conventional hearing aids (HAs). STUDY DESIGN: Independent review of audiological data from a multicenter prospective U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clinical trial. Preoperative and postoperative earphone, unaided/aided/implanted pure-tone thresholds, and word recognition scores were evaluated. RESULTS: Ninety-one subjects were included in this study...
February 26, 2018: Laryngoscope
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