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Hearing, audiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346653/how-successful-is-the-fitting-of-digital-hearing-aids-implications-for-the-allocation-of-resources-within-national-health-systems
#1
Petros V Vlastarakos, Alastair I Cameron, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
We conducted a retrospective study to determine the success rate of initial fittings in digital hearing aid (DHA) users. We also addressed the implications of national health systems' continuing to provide access to these devices. We identified 1,597 consecutively presenting adults who had undergone a first fitting or a new fitting (i.e., an upgrade from an analogue hearing aid in the first or second ear) of a behind-the-ear DHA during the previous year. We further sought to identify all nominal reprogram appointments that had taken place within 6 months after the first or new fitting; we found 460 such appointments (28...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346292/bilateral-labyrinthine-and-internal-auditory-canal-enhancement-in-an-infant-with-severe-labyrinthine-dysplasia-a-previously-unreported-phenomenon
#2
Charles L Anzalone, Mai Lan Ho, Neil S Patel, Lisa A Schimmenti, Melissa D DeJong, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel case of congenital profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in a patient with bilateral nodular internal auditory canal and labyrinthine enhancement and temporal bone dysplasia. PATIENTS: A 76-day-old female was referred to the authors' center for evaluation of congenital deafness. Behavioral observations and objective audiometric evaluation demonstrated bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss and a comprehensive multidisciplinary evaluation identified compound heterozygous pathogenic variants in MYO7A, a gene associated with Usher Syndrome Type 1B or DFNB2...
March 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338205/association-between-hepatitis-b-and-hearing-status
#3
S-P Bao
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the correlation between the chronic hepatitis B virus infection and hearing status. This study was performed to investigate the correlation between the chronic hepatitis B virus infection and hearing status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This research was based on 76 hepatitis-B infections as the case group (including 35 HBV carriers and 41 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients) and 54 normal cases as the control group. They were selected sequentially and audiologic tests were performed on the participants...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319495/endoscopic-stapes-surgery-a-comparison-with-microscopic-surgery
#4
Rhona Sproat, Constantina Yiannakis, Arunachalam Iyer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate postoperative audiological outcomes and complication rates for fully endoscopic and microscopic stapes surgery carried out by a single surgeon in one center. PATIENTS: All patients having undergone endoscopic and non-endoscopic stapes surgery for otosclerosis from September 2009 to August 2016 under a single surgeon. INTERVENTION(S): Stapedotomy using either an operating microscope or endoscope for visualization. Stapedotomy was carried out using a standard approach...
March 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319479/brainstem-evoked-potential-indices-of-subcortical-auditory-processing-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Kathy R Vander Werff, Brian Rieger
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to assess subcortical auditory processing in individuals with chronic symptoms after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) by measuring auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to standard click and complex speech stimuli. Consistent with reports in the literature of auditory problems after mTBI (despite normal-hearing thresholds), it was hypothesized that individuals with mTBI would have evidence of impaired neural encoding in the auditory brainstem compared to noninjured controls, as evidenced by delayed latencies and reduced amplitudes of ABR components...
March 17, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304096/insertion-depth-impacts-speech-perception-and-hearing-preservation-for-lateral-wall-electrodes
#6
Brendan P O'Connell, Jacob B Hunter, David S Haynes, Jourdan T Holder, Matt M Dedmon, Jack H Noble, Benoit M Dawant, George B Wanna
OBJECTIVES: 1) Examine angular insertion depths (AID) and scalar location of Med-El (GmbH Innsbruck, Austria) electrodes; and 2) determine the relationship between AID and audiologic outcomes controlling for scalar position. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Postlingually deafened adults undergoing cochlear implantation with Flex 24, Flex 28, and Standard electrode arrays (Med-El) were identified. Patients with preoperative and postoperative computed tomography scans were included so that electrode location and AID could be determined...
March 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300960/brazilian-portuguese-hearing-in-noise-test-hint-different-interpretation-criteria-for-individuals-responses
#7
Rafaela do Couto Melo, Denise Costa Menezes, Fernando Augusto Pacífico, Karina Paes Advíncula, Silvana Maria Sobral Griz
Introduction: The ability to recognize the sounds of speech enables an efficient communication. This ability must always be considered when communication disorders are evaluated. In this study, sentences of the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT), originally developed in English and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese, were used to evaluate speech recognition in silence and in the presence of noise. Although this test can be an important clinical tool, it is noticed that it has not been used in audiological clinical practice in Brazil...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300956/hearing-and-speech-sciences-in-educational-environment-mapping-in-brazil-education-work-and-professional-experience
#8
Letícia Corrêa Celeste, Graziela Zanoni, Bianca Queiroga, Luciana Mendonça Alves
Purpose: To map the profile of Brazilian Speech Therapists who report acting in Educational Speech Therapy, with regard to aspects related to training, performance and professional experience. Methods: Retrospective study, based on secondary database analysis of the Federal Council of Hearing and Speech Sciences on the questionnaires reporting acting with Educational Environment. Results: 312 questionnaires were completed, of which 93.3% by women aged 30-39 years...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292001/-implantable-bone-conduction-and-active-middle-ear-devices
#9
Markus Pirlich, Andreas Dietz, Sylvia Meuret, Mathias Hofer
In case of audiological and/or anatomical limitations in the provision of conventional hearing aids, semi- or fully-implantable hearing systems represent a modern therapy alternative. These hearing systems are divided according to their mode of action into active middle ear implants when stimulating the auditory ossicles or the round window, into bone conduction devices while stimulating the skull directly, into cochlear implants with direct acoustic stimulation to the cochlea with its auditory nerve and finally into auditory brainstem implants by bridging the peripheral auditory structures...
February 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291986/considerations-for-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-unilateral-or-asymmetric-hearing-loss-assessment-device-fitting-and-habilitation
#10
Laura Greaver, Hannah Eskridge, Holly F B Teagle
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical report is to present case studies of children who are nontraditional candidates for cochlear implantation because they have significant residual hearing in 1 ear and to describe outcomes and considerations for their audiological management and habilitation. Method: Case information is presented for 5 children with profound hearing loss in 1 ear and normal or mild-to-moderate hearing loss in the opposite ear and who have undergone unilateral cochlear implantation...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288475/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-congenital-single-sided-deafness
#11
Jan Peter Thomas, Katrin Neumann, Stefan Dazert, Christiane Voelter
OBJECTIVE: To determine audiological and clinical results of cochlear implantation in children with congenital single sided deafness (SSD), with an emphasis on children implanted before and after 6 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS: Twenty one children with congenital SSD who were implanted aged 10 months to 11;3 years. INTERVENTION: Unilateral cochlear implantation...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285424/stapes-surgery-in-sweden-evaluation-of-a-national-based-register
#12
Karin Strömbäck, Lars Lundman, Andreas Bjorsne, Joakim Grendin, Anna Stjernquist-Desatnik, Ylva Dahlin-Redfors
The aim of the National Quality Registries is to monitor the outcome of healthcare given to patients. The Swedish Quality register for otosclerosis surgery is one of the nine official national registers for ear, nose and throat diseases in Sweden. Since 2004, surgical and audiological results and patient satisfaction scores have been systematically collected from a majority of the ear, nose and throat clinics performing stapes surgery in Sweden. The results of 1688 patients who underwent primary operations for otosclerosis were evaluated for 24 out of totally 26 clinics performing stapes surgery, between 2004 and 2010...
March 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277215/audiological-rehabilitation-for-facilitating-hearing-aid-use-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
PURPOSE: This article reviews and critically analyzes the design of studies on the effect of audiological rehabilitation (AR) programs on hearing aid (HA) outcomes, in order to guide future research. RESEARCH DESIGN: The design of this study was a narrative review. Studies were included in the review if they were randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of AR on HA use and outcome between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: Seven articles that met the inclusion criteria were included in the review...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277214/pediatric-minimum-speech-test-battery
#14
Kristin Uhler, Andrea Warner-Czyz, Rene Gifford, Pmstb Working Group
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patient outcomes and documentation of treatment efficacy serves as an essential component of (re)habilitative audiology; however, no standardized protocol exists for the assessment of speech perception abilities for children with hearing loss. This presents a significant challenge in tracking performance of children who utilize various hearing technologies for within-subjects assessment, between-subjects assessment, and even across different facilities. PURPOSE: The adoption and adherence to a standardized assessment protocol could help facilitate continuity of care, assist in clinical decision making, allow clinicians and researchers to define benchmarks for an aggregate clinical population, and in time, aid with patient counseling regarding expectations and predictions regarding longitudinal outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266245/audiologists-communication-behaviour-during-hearing-device-management-appointments
#15
Karen Muñoz, Clarissa W Ong, Stephanie A Borrie, Lauri H Nelson, Michael P Twohig
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this exploratory study was to describe audiologist communication behaviours during appointments for hearing device monitoring and management before and after participation in counselling skills training. DESIGN: The study used a longitudinal design with three assessment points over 6 months. STUDY SAMPLE: The sample included 10 audiologists and audiology graduate students interacting in a professional setting with their clients...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252160/the-effects-of-service-delivery-model-and-purchase-price-on-hearing-aid-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Larry E Humes, Sara E Rogers, Tera M Quigley, Anna K Main, Dana L Kinney, Christine Herring
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine efficacy of hearing aids in older adults using audiology best practices, to evaluate the efficacy of an alternative over-the-counter (OTC) intervention, and to examine the influence of purchase price on outcomes for both service-delivery models. Design: The design of this study was a single-site, prospective, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial with three parallel branches: (a) audiology best practices (AB), (b) consumer decides OTC model (CD), and (c) placebo devices (P)...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248604/middle-ear-obliteration-with-blind-sac-closure-of-the-external-auditory-canal-for-spontaneous-csf-otorrhea
#17
Shawn M Stevens, Ryan Crane, Myles L Pensak, Ravi N Samy
Outcome Objectives To (1) identify unique features of patients who underwent middle ear/mastoid obliteration with blind-sac closure of the external auditory canal for spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea and (2) explore outcomes. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods Adults treated for spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea from 2007 through 2015 were reviewed and stratified into 2 groups based on the surgery performed: (1) 11 patients underwent middle ear/mastoid obliteration with blind-sac closure of the external auditory canal and (2) 26 patients underwent other procedures...
March 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229064/abnormal-auditory-brainstem-response-abr-findings-in-a-near-normal-hearing-child-with-noonan-syndrome
#18
Bahram Jalaei, Mohd Normani Zakaria, Dinsuhaimi Sidek
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is a heterogeneous genetic disease that affects many parts of the body. It was named after Dr. Jacqueline Anne Noonan, a paediatric cardiologist. CASE REPORT: We report audiological tests and auditory brainstem response (ABR) findings in a 5-year old Malay boy with NS. Despite showing the marked signs of NS, the child could only produce a few meaningful words. Audiological tests found him to have bilateral mild conductive hearing loss at low frequencies...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223066/audiological-findings-in-children-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-type-i-iv
#19
María F Vargas-Gamarra, Carlos de Paula-Vernetta, Isidro Vitoria Miñana, Isabel Ibañez-Alcañiz, Laura Cavallé-Garrido, Agustín Alamar-Velazquez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to reflect hearing impairment of 23children diagnosed with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) typeI, II, III and IV. METHODS: Retrospective study of the clinical, audiological and treatment (medical vs surgical) findings of 23children diagnosed with MPS typeI, II, III or IV followed at a Tertiary Referral Hospital between 1997 and 2015. RESULTS: Six cases of MPSI, 8 of MPSII, 4 of MPSIII and 5 of MPSIV were reviewed...
February 18, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219477/autologous-incus-versus-titanium-partial-ossicular-replacement-prosthesis-in-reconstruction-of-austin-type-a-ossicular-defects-a-prospective-randomised-clinical-trial
#20
Amith Naragund, R S Mudhol
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the functional and anatomical outcomes of ossiculoplasty using an autograft incus or a titanium partial ossicular replacement prosthesis for reconstructing Austin type A ossicular defects. METHODS: Patients with Austin A ossicular defects were randomly divided into two groups: one group underwent ossiculoplasty with an autologous incus (the autologous incus group) and the other underwent ossiculoplasty with a titanium partial ossicular replacement prosthesis (the titanium prosthesis group)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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