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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135458/immediate-effects-of-osteopathic-treatment-versus-therapeutic-exercise-on-patients-with-chronic-cervical-pain
#1
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain Chourraut, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Lars L Andersen, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi Crespo, Mikel Izquierdo Crespo
Context • Alternatives to medication for immediate pain relief are needed because long-term use of pain medication has been associated with adverse effects. High-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation techniques (MTs) and craniocervical flexion (CCF) exercises have been frequently used in the management of chronic cervical pain. Objective • The study intended to compare the immediate effects on pain of a treatment using HVLA manipulation versus one using a CCF exercise protocol. Design • The research team designed a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130594/dna-damage-and-circulating-cell-free-dna-in-greenhouse-workers-exposed-to-pesticides
#2
Akin Çayir, Mahmut Coskun, Munevver Coskun, Hayal Cobanoglu
Pesticides widely used in agriculture and other applications have been linked to cancer and other diseases through several potential mechanisms. The goals of this study were to assess DNA damage in lymphocytes by the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay (CBMN), and to measure circulating cell free DNA (ccf-DNA) in the blood of pesticide-exposed greenhouse workers and matched controls living in the same area. CBMN was applied to peripheral blood lymphocyte samples taken at different times (spring and autumn) for each individual...
November 11, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119170/bimetallic-metal-organic-framework-derived-co3o4-cofe2o4-composites-with-different-fe-co-molar-ratios-as-anode-materials-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#3
Ming Zhong, Dong-Hui Yang, Ling-Jun Kong, Wei Shuang, Ying-Hui Zhang, Xian-He Bu
Developing high-performance electrode materials to replace a traditional graphite electrode is critical for the commercialization of lithium ion batteries, which however still remains a great challenge. Herein, we report a suitable method to synthesize a series of well-dispersed nanostructured Co3O4-CoFe2O4 composites (CCFs) from bimetallic metal-organic frameworks (BiMOFs) with varied Fe(3+)/Co(2+) molar ratios. When used as anodes for lithium ion batteries, the CCF-12 composite exhibits a maximum initial discharge capacity of 1328 mA h g(-1), a reversible capacity of 940 mA h g(-1) at 100 mA g(-1) after 80 cycles, and a better rate capability in comparison with those of pure Co3O4 and other CCF composites...
November 9, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119070/superior-ophthalmic-vein-access-for-embolization-of-an-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistula
#4
Ali S Haider, Prabhat Garg, Dean Leonard, Tijani Osumah, Umair Khan, Steven Vayalumkal, Lyndon K Lee, Phu Nguyen, Grant Gilliland, Kennith F Layton
Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) are defined as abnormal connections between the carotid circulation and cavernous sinus. CCFs can be categorized as being direct or indirect. Direct CCFs are usually associated with trauma, whereas indirect CCFs are associated with revascularization following cavernous sinus thrombosis. We present a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with tinnitus, proptosis, conjunctivitis, and blurry vision. The patient had a recent endovascular transvenous embolization that was only partially successful, with a residual carotid cavernous fistula draining to the left superior ophthalmic vein and multiple cortical veins...
September 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099499/carotid-cavernous-fistula-current-concepts-in-aetiology-investigation-and-management
#5
A D Henderson, N R Miller
A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between arteries and veins within the cavernous sinus and may be classified as either direct or dural. Direct CCFs are characterized by a direct connection between the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the cavernous sinus, whereas dural CCFs result from an indirect connection involving cavernous arterial branches and the cavernous sinus. Direct CCFs frequently are traumatic in origin and also may be caused by rupture of an ICA aneurysm within the cavernous sinus, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV, or iatrogenic intervention...
November 3, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098418/bilateral-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Gavin Docherty, Maryam Eslami, Kailun Jiang, Jason S Barton
Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal vascular shunt from the carotid artery to the cavernous sinus. They are commonly classified based on hemodynamics, etiology or anatomically. Hemodynamic classification refers to whether the fistula is high or low flow. Etiology is commonly secondary to trauma or can occur spontaneously in the setting of aneurysm or medical conditions predisposing to arterial wall defects. Bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas are rare. We present a case of bilateral CCF secondary to trauma...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066082/performance-of-a-simplified-dichotomous-phenotypic-classification-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-to-predict-type-of-valvulopathy-and-combined-aortopathy
#7
Byung Joo Sun, Sahmin Lee, Jeong Yoon Jang, Osung Kwon, Jae Seok Bae, Ji Hye Lee, Dae-Hee Kim, Sung-Ho Jung, Jong-Min Song, Duk-Hyun Kang, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae-Kwan Song
BACKGROUND: A simplified classification of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) morphology using only the orientation of fused cusps was recently proposed. The aim of this study was to test whether it is useful for showing an association with the type of valvulopathy or aortopathy. METHODS: BAV phenotype was retrospectively classified in 681 patients (mean age, 59 ± 12 years; 424 men) who underwent aortic valve surgery. Each BAV was classified using both dichotomous (right and left coronary cusp fusion [CCF] vs mixed cusp fusion [MCF]) and conventional methods, and its association with the dominant valvulopathy (aortic stenosis [AS] vs regurgitation) and concomitant aortic surgery was analyzed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054956/indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistula-mimicking-ocular-myasthenia
#8
Lakshmi Leishangthem, Sudhakar Reddy Satti
71-year-old woman with progressive left-sided, monocular diplopia and ptosis. Her symptoms mimicked ocular myasthenia, but she had an indirect carotid cavernous fistula (CCF). She was diagnosed with monocular myasthenia gravis (negative acetylcholinesterase antibody) after a positive ice test and started on Mestinon and underwent a thymectomy complicated by a brachial plexus injury. Months later, she developed left-sided proptosis and ocular bruit. She was urgently referred to neuro-interventional surgery and was diagnosed with an indirect high-flow left CCF, which was treated with Onyx liquid and platinum coil embolisation...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051755/estimating-primary-production-of-picophytoplankton-using-the-carbon-based-ocean-productivity-model-a-preliminary-study
#9
Yantao Liang, Yongyu Zhang, Nannan Wang, Tingwei Luo, Yao Zhang, Richard B Rivkin
Picophytoplankton are acknowledged to contribute significantly to primary production (PP) in the ocean while now the method to measure PP of picophytoplankton (PPPico) at large scales is not yet well established. Although the traditional (14)C method and new technologies based on the use of stable isotopes (e.g., (13)C) can be employed to accurately measure in situ PPPico, the time-consuming and labor-intensive shortage of these methods constrain their application in a survey on large spatiotemporal scales...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036318/dimm-sc-a-dirichlet-mixture-model-for-clustering-droplet-based-single-cell-transcriptomic-data
#10
Zhe Sun, Ting Wang, Ke Deng, Xiao-Feng Wang, Robert Lafyatis, Ying Ding, Ming Hu, Wei Chen
Motivation: Single cell transcriptome sequencing (scRNA-Seq) has become a revolutionary tool to study cellular and molecular processes at single cell resolution. Among existing technologies, the recently developed droplet-based platform enables efficient parallel processing of thousands of single cells with direct counting of transcript copies using Unique Molecular Identifier (UMI). Despite the technology advances, statistical methods and computational tools are still lacking for analyzing droplet-based scRNA-Seq data...
August 2, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034587/open-fluidics-a-cell-culture-flow-system-developed-over-wettability-contrast-based-chips
#11
Nuno M Oliveira, Rui L Reis, João F Mano
Biological tissues are recurrently exposed to several dynamic mechanical forces that influence cell behavior. On this work, the focus is on the shear stress forces induced by fluid flow. The study of flow-induced effects on cells leads to important advances in cardiovascular, cancer, stem cell, and bone biology understanding. These studies are performed using cell culture flow (CCF) systems, mainly parallel plate flow chambers (PPFC), and microfluidic systems. Here, it is proposed an original CCF system based on the open fluidics concept...
October 16, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033989/effectiveness-of-back-massage-on-sleep-pattern-among-patients-with-congestive-cardiac-failure
#12
Amol Sable, Thangaraj Sivabalan, Akshaya Narayan Shetti
BACKGROUND: Sleep plays an important role in congestive cardiac failure (CCF). Back massage reduces anxiety, discomfort, and physical suffering in CCF patients. Study objective is to assess sleep pattern in CCF patients before and after back massage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in Pravara Rural hospital, Loni, India over 4 months in 2016. Thirty CCF patients were included in the study with purposive sampling. Nurse investigator performed 20-min back massage thrice daily, 5 min for each step from the day of admission till discharge...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024673/not-the-usual-suspect
#13
Andrew G Lee, Jonathan D Shader, Aroucha Vickers, Orlando M Diaz, Jurij R Bilyk
An 82-year-old woman presented with right-sided proptosis, chemosis, and a supraorbital bruit. A dural carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) was suspected, but catheter angiography revealed an intraorbital inferior ophthalmic vein arteriovenous fistula (AVF) supplied by the right ophthalmic artery and infraorbital branch of the internal maxillary artery. A primary orbital AVF can mimic the clinical and radiographic features of the more common CCF.
October 9, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021312/incompletely-obliterated-cranial-arteriovenous-fistulae-are-safely-and-effectively-treated-with-adjuvant-%C3%AE%C2%B5-aminocaproic-acid
#14
Brian M Howard, Jonathan A Grossberg, Adam Prater, C Michael Cawley, Jacques E Dion, Frank C Tong
BACKGROUND: Administration of ε-aminocaproic acid (εACA), as adjuvant therapy following incompletely embolized cranial dural arteriovenous (dAVFs) and direct carotid artery to cavernous sinus fistulae (CCFs), is a strategy to promote post-procedural thrombosis. However, the efficacy of εACA to treat incompletely obliterated dAVFs and CCFs has not been published. The purpose of this study was to determine if administration of εACA following incomplete embolization of cranial dAVFs or CCFs was associated with an increased likelihood of cure on follow-up imaging compared with patients not given adjuvant εACA...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018014/elizabethkingia-meningoseptica-emerging-multidrug-resistance-in-a-nosocomial-pathogen
#15
Sairam Raghavan, Biji Thomas, B A Shastry
A 46-year-old male patient presented with complaints of burning micturition for 2 days. Initial history, physical examination and laboratory investigations were consistent with the diagnosis of congestive cardiac failure (CCF) and concomitant urinary tract infection. CCF was treated with diuretics and a urine culture/sensitivity (C/S) was sent which returned growing Elizabethkingia meningoseptica resistant to all tested drugs. Intravenous cefotaxime which had been started empirically 3 days earlier was withheld at this point, and a repeat urine C/S was sent revealing resistance to all tested drugs (including reserved drugs) barring minocycline...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984496/spending-carveouts-substantially-improve-the-accuracy-of-performance-measurement-in-shared-savings-arrangements-findings-from-simulation-analysis-of-medicaid-acos
#16
Derek DeLia
Accuracy of spending-based provider performance metrics is limited by random variation and components of spending that are uncontrollable by providers. Such components vary according to the care management focus and operational maturity of each provider group. This study uses data from New Jersey Medicaid accountable care organizations (ACOs) to examine how carving out uncontrollable components of spending affects the accuracy of performance measures in shared savings arrangements. Spending on injury care, custodial care in facilities (CCF), and amounts above $100 000 per patient are used as examples of potentially uncontrollable spending...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965908/design-and-evaluation-of-learning-strategies-for-a-group-of-radiographers-in-radiostereometric-analysis-rsa
#17
O Muharemovic, A Troelsen, M G Thomsen, T Kallemose, K K Gosvig
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a radiostereometric analysis (RSA) program aimed at radiographers in order to increase their cognitive and practical skills, thereby increasing image quality and minimizing exposure repetition. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty radiographers were randomized into two identically sized study groups. Training consisted of a theoretical and practical workshop using a phantom. Tests were performed to compare the effect of training to nontraining, and the effect of time duration on the maintenance of RSA skills...
November 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963167/embolization-of-a-cavernous-carotid-fistula-through-the-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-a-new-alternative-transvenous-access-route
#18
Angelos Aristeidis Konstas, Alice Song, Julia Song, Aristomenis Thanos, Ian B Ross
Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) via a transvenous approach is standard, but in rare cases this approach is challenging due to absence or thrombosis of the commonly used venous routes. A 61-year-old woman presented with a symptomatic CCF with all but one of the venous access routes to the CCF thrombosed, leaving an engorged superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV) as the only venous outflow from the cavernous sinus. Access to the CCF was made possible after careful navigation of the sigmoid sinus, the vein of Labbé and the SMCV, bypassing the need for surgical access to the SMCV or for a direct transorbital puncture...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957190/closed-form-expression-for-mutual-intensity-evolution-of-hermite-laguerre-gaussian-schell-model-beams
#19
Eugeny Abramochkin, Tatiana Alieva
We derive a comprehensive closed-form expression for the evolution of the mutual intensity (MI) of Hermite-Laguerre-Gaussian Schell-model beams (HLG-SMBs) during propagation through rotationally symmetric optical systems. We demonstrate that the MI of the beam associated with a given HLG mode at any transverse plane can be presented as a linear superposition of the MIs of the SMBs associated with the equal and lower index modes of the same type, but of complex argument. The obtained expression allows easy analysis of the evolution of the intensity distribution and the CCF of such beams and, in particular, an understanding of the coherence singularity formation and modification during the beam propagation...
October 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955166/comparison-between-two-types-of-abduction-orthotics-in-treating-congenital-clubfoot
#20
Luiz Carlos Ribeiro Lara, Bruno Leite Gil, Lucio Carlos de Azevedo Torres, Tarsila Pagnan Silva Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the effectiveness of two types of abduction orthotics used for the feet, the Denis-Browne type (traditional) and the Dobbs type (dynamic), with regard to maintenance of deformity correction and prevention of recurrence . METHOD: In this comparative retrospective case study, information was collected from the medical records of children with idiopathic congenital clubfoot (CCF). We evaluated a total of 43 feet in 28 patients, which were divided into two groups...
July 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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