keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679924/military-status-and-alcohol-problems-former-soldiers-may-be-at-greater-risk
#1
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Jennifer Fillo, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore differences in alcohol problems as a function of military status (current soldier, previous soldier and civilian spouses), and the possible interaction between sex and military status. We hypothesized that 1) soldiers would be at greater risk for alcohol problems than civilian spouses, and 2) former soldiers would be at greater risk compared to current soldiers. METHODS: Data were drawn from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study examining physical and mental health among U...
April 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679899/postpartum-posttraumatic-and-acute-stress-in-mothers-and-fathers-of-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-cross-sectional-results-from-a-controlled-multicenter-cohort-study
#2
Nadine Helle, Claus Barkmann, Stephan Ehrhardt, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: The birth of a preterm infant can be stressful and traumatic for parents and may cause posttraumatic stress symptoms and disorders. There is a dearth of data from controlled studies regarding level, prevalence, risk, and predictors of these symptoms in parents after preterm birth. METHODS: As part of the longitudinal HaFEn-study, data from parents of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW), and term infants were cross-sectionally analyzed. We recruited parents at the three largest perinatal care centers in Hamburg, Germany...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679852/accident-analysis-to-support-the-development-of-strategies-for-the-prevention-of-brain-injuries-in-car-crashes
#3
Jacobo Antona-Makoshi, Koji Mikami, Mats Lindkvist, Johan Davidsson, Sylvia Schick
This study estimated the frequency and risk of Moderate-to-Maximal traumatic brain injuries sustained by occupants in motor vehicle crashes in the US. National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System crashes that occurred in years 2001-2015 with light vehicles produced 2001 or later were incorporated in the study. Crash type, crash severity, car model year, belt usage and occupant age and sex were controlled for in the analysis. The results showed that Moderate concussions account for 79% of all MAISbrain 2+ injuries...
April 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679840/estimation-of-stature-from-sternum-exploring-the-quadratic-models
#4
Ashish Saraf, Tanuj Kanchan, Kewal Krishan, Navneet Ateriya, Puneet Setia
Identification of the dead is significant in examination of unknown, decomposed and mutilated human remains. Establishing the biological profile is the central issue in such a scenario, and stature estimation remains one of the important criteria in this regard. The present study was undertaken to estimate stature from different parts of the sternum. A sample of 100 sterna was obtained from individuals during the medicolegal autopsies. Length of the deceased and various measurements of the sternum were measured...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679729/a-longitudinal-study-of-disc-height-narrowing-and-facet-joint-osteoarthritis-at-the-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-evaluated-by-computed-tomography-the-framingham-study
#5
Mohamed Jarraya, Ali Guermazi, Amanda L Lorbergs, Elana Brochin, Douglas P Kiel, Mary L Bouxsein, L Adrienne Cupples, Elizabeth J Samelson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Prevalence and progression of disc height narrowing (DHN) and facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) in the thoracic and lumbar regions in non-clinical populations are not well-established. PURPOSE: Use computed tomography (CT) images to determine prevalence and progression of DHN and FJOA according to age, sex, and spinal region. STUDY DESIGN: Six-year longitudinal study SAMPLE: 1,196 members of the Framingham Study (mean baseline age 61 ±9 years) OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared prevalence and progression (new or worsening) of moderate-to-severe DHN and FJOA by age, sex, and spinal region...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679723/comparison-of-hook-plate-with-versus-without-double-tunnel-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-for-repair-of-acute-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Jian Yin, Zhaoyang Yin, Ge Gong, Chao Zhu, Chao Sun, Xinhui Liu
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the surgical outcomes of a hook plate with double-tunnel coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction by conjoined tendon transfer versus single hook plate surgery for the repair of acute type of Rockwood type III and V acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations. METHODS: The study cohort included 62 patients with acute (within 6 weeks after trauma) Rockwood type III and V AC joint dislocations who underwent surgery from February 2012 to September 2015...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679693/bystander-witnessed-cardiac-arrest-is-associated-with-reported-agonal-breathing-and-leads-to-less-frequent-bystander-cpr
#7
P Brinkrolf, B Metelmann, C Scharte, A Zarbock, K Hahnenkamp, A Bohn
AIM: Although the importance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been shown in multiple studies, the rate of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation is still relatively low in many countries. Little is known on bystanders' perceptions influencing the decision to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Our study aims to determine such factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews with bystanders of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests between December 2014 and April 2016 were performed in a prospective manner...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679684/expression-profile-and-reproductive-regulation-of-apgwamide-in-pacific-abalone-haliotis-discus-hannai
#8
Kyeong Seop Kim, Tae Ha Kim, Mi Ae Kim, Jung Sick Lee, Young Chang Sohn
Neuropeptides in the central nervous system regulate reproductive activities in vertebrates. Ala-Pro-Gly-Trp-NH2 (APGWamide), a neuromediator expressed in the neural ganglia of mollusks, controls sexual maturation and reproduction. To clarify the role of APGWamide in sexual behavior regulation and gamete cell maturation in mollusks, we cloned the cDNA of APGWamide precursor (Hdh-APGWamide) and examined the spatiotemporal expression of the transcript in the Pacific abalone Haliotis discus hannai. The 222-amino acid sequence of the precursor deduced from the cDNA sequence showed typical features of gastropod APGWamide precursors...
April 18, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679646/chronic-methamphetamine-exposure-attenuates-neural-activation-in-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-associated-brain-regions-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#9
Jason S Jacobskind, Zachary J Rosinger, Tiffany Gonzalez, Kristen L Zuloaga, Damian G Zuloaga
Sex differences in methamphetamine (MA) abuse and consequences of MA have been reported with females showing an increased addiction phenotype and withdrawal symptoms. One mechanism through which these effects might occur is via sex-specific alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and its associated brain regions. In this study, mice were administered MA (5 mg/kg) or saline for 10 consecutive days. During early withdrawal, anxiety-like behaviors were assessed in the open field, light/dark box, and elevated plus maze...
April 18, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679632/dietary-habits-associated-with-reduced-insulin-resistance-the-nagahama-study
#10
Kaori Ikeda, Tosiya Sato, Takeo Nakayama, Daisuke Tanaka, Kazuaki Nagashima, Fumika Mano, Erina Joo, Shimpei Fujimoto, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Matsuda, Nobuya Inagaki
AIMS: To investigate the association between insulin resistance assessed by a homeostasis model and dietary habits. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using a community-based cohort, the Nagahama Prospective Cohort for Comprehensive Human Bioscience. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with log HOMA-IR or log HOMA- β as the dependent variable and 20 dietary habits, tobacco smoking, medical history, family medical history of diabetes, age and BMI as the simultaneous independent variables in each sex separately...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679631/possible-early-detection-of-coronary-artery-calcium-progression-in-type-1-diabetes-a-case-control-study-of-normoalbuminuric-type-1-diabetes-patients-and-matched-controls
#11
Henrik Ø Hjortkjær, Tonny Jensen, Jannik Hilsted, Helle Corinth, Ulrik M Mogensen, Lars Køber, Andreas Fuchs, Børge G Nordestgaard, Klaus F Kofoed
AIMS: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with cardiovascular (CV) disease and progression of CAC is an independent predictor of mortality. Type 1 diabetes is associated with increased CV risk, especially in persons with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN). This study aimed to examine whether short-term progression of CAC is increased in persons with type 1 diabetes compared to matched controls and if CAN increases risk of CAC progression. METHODS: Fifty-three normoalbuminuric persons with long-term type 1 diabetes (20 with CAN) were matched in a 1:2 ratio with 106 controls without diabetes according to age, sex and baseline CAC...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679614/the-regulation-of-birdsong-by-testosterone-multiple-time-scales-and-multiple-sites-of-action
#12
REVIEW
Beau A Alward, Charlotte A Cornil, Jacques Balthazart, Gregory F Ball
Sex steroid hormones act during early development to shape the circuitry upon which these same hormones act in adulthood to control behavioral responses to various stimuli. The "organizational" vs. "activational" distinction was proposed to explain this temporal difference in hormone action. In both of these cases steroids were thought to act genomically over a time-scale of days to weeks. However, sex steroids can affect behavior over short (e.g., seconds or minutes) time-scales. Here, we discuss how testosterone controls birdsong via actions at different sites and over different time-scales, with an emphasis on this process in canaries (Serinus canaria)...
April 18, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679604/outdoor-play-and-nature-connectedness-as-potential-correlates-of-internalized-mental-health-symptoms-among-canadian-adolescents
#13
Caroline Piccininni, Valerie Michaelson, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
Exposures to outdoor environments have great potential to be protective factors for the mental health of young people. In a national analysis of Canadian adolescents, we explored how such exposures, as well as self-perceptions of connectedness with nature, each related to the prevalence of recurrent psychosomatic symptoms. The data source for this cross-sectional study, consisting of a weighted sample of 29,784 students aged 11-15 years from 377 schools, was the 2013/2014 cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 18, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679598/sleep-in-women-across-the-lifespan
#14
REVIEW
Martino Pengo, Christine Won, Ghada Bourjeily
There are many ways in which women experience sleep differently than men. Women contend with distinct sleep challenges, respond differently to sleep disorders, sleep deprivation and deficiency, and face particular health outcomes as a result of poor sleep. Idiosyncrasies - including changes that occur with the biological life cycles of menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause- make the understanding of sleep in women an important topic to study. Each phase of a woman's life, from childhood to menopause, increases the risk of sleep disturbance in unique ways that may require distinct management...
April 18, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679517/urogenital-function-three-years-after-abdominoperineal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#15
Anna Ledebo, David Bock, Mattias Prytz, Eva Haglind, Eva Angenete
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore urogenital dysfunction and associated risk factors after treatment of rectal cancer, in a large national cohort of patients three years after abdominoperineal excision and to compare outcomes with a reference population and a cohort of patients operated for prostate cancer. METHOD: Patients treated with abdominoperineal excision 2007-2009 were identified using the Swedish ColoRectal Cancer Registry. All consenting patients received a questionnaire...
April 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679510/molecular-characteristics-of-multifocal-brain-histiocytic-sarcoma
#16
Florent Marguet, Nicolas Piton, Homa Adle-Biassette, Florence Renaud, Elodie Bohers, Thomas Boyer, Aline Zarea, Stéphane Derrey, Jean Christophe Sabourin, Annie Laquerrière
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a very uncommon malignant proliferation accounting for less than 1% of all neoplasms of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. According to the 2008 WHO classification of haematological and lymphoid tumours, diagnosis of HS requires histological and immunohistochemical evidence of histiocytic differentiation [1]. The 2016 Central nervous system (CNS) WHO classification parallels the categories of the corresponding WHO classification of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. By definition, diagnosis of HS relies on the expression of at least two of the histiocytic markers, e...
April 21, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679474/population-pharmacokinetics-of-gliclazide-in-normal-and-diabetic-rabbits
#17
Mastan Shaik, Shabana Shaik, Eswar Kumar Kilari
Gliclazide is a second-generation sulphonylurea drug widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, there is no single report to describe the population pharmacokinetics of gliclazide in animal models. This study was aimed to evaluate the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of gliclazide in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits using nonlinear mixed effects modeling. A total of 90 New Zealand white rabbits were administered with 3 doses (4.13, 8.27 and 16.53 mg/kg b.wt) of gliclazide by an oral route...
April 21, 2018: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679437/preoperative-platelet-count-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-posthepatectomy-grade-a-liver-failure-in-right-lobe-donors-for-liver-transplantation
#18
Kenji Yoshino, Kojiro Taura, Yoshinobu Ikeno, Yukihiro Okuda, Takahiro Nishio, Gen Yamamoto, Satoru Seo, Shintaro Yagi, Koichiro Hata, Toshimi Kaido, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
Living donor right hepatectomy (LDRH) is a common procedure in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), but is associated with a higher risk of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) compared with left hepatectomy because of a smaller remnant. We identified risk factors for PHLF and other complications in LDRH, verified the appropriateness of the criteria, and explored the possibility of adjusting the minimum RLV based on individual risk. Between October 2005 and November 2017, 254 donors undergoing LDRH at Kyoto University Hospital were enrolled...
April 20, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679374/relationship-between-relative-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-7-year-longitudinal-study
#19
Gyuri Kim, Seung-Eun Lee, You-Bin Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Jiyeon Ahn, Ji Cheol Bae, Sang-Man Jin, Kyu Yeon Hur, Jae Hwan Jee, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been associated with relative skeletal muscle mass in several cross-sectional studies. We explored the impacts of relative skeletal muscle mass and changes in relative muscle mass over time on the development of incident NAFLD or the resolution of baseline NAFLD in a large, longitudinal, population-based 7-year cohort study. We included 12,624 subjects without baseline NAFLD and 2,943 subjects with baseline NAFLD who underwent health check-up examinations. A total of 10,534 subjects without baseline NAFLD and 2,631 subjects with baseline NAFLD were included in analysis of changes in relative skeletal muscle mass over a year...
April 20, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679316/cost-effectiveness-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reviewing-the-available-evidence
#20
Didik Setiawan, Abrham Wondimu, KohJun Ong, Albert Jan van Hoek, Maarten J Postma
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men require special attention for human papillomavirus vaccination given elevated infection risks and the development of, in particular, anal cancer. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to review the cost effectiveness of human papillomavirus vaccination for both currently vaccine-eligible and non-eligible individuals, particularly the men-who-have-sex-with-men population, and synthesize the available evidence. METHODS: We systematically searched for published articles in two main databases (PubMed and EMBASE)...
April 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
keyword
keyword
1734
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"