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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441807/-the-change-of-female-progesterone-level-and-blood-calcium-concentration-in-perimenopausal-women-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#1
S F Wang, L Zhang, G H Li, W W Zhang, Y P Wang, B Geng
Objective: The estrogen level and blood calcium concentration changes were studied on menopausal women with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2016, 70 menopause women with BPPV in outpatient clinics of Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Inner Mongolia Medical University Affiliated Hospital were included in this study as research group, while 30 menopause healthy women who came to hospital for check-up were included as control group. Serum levels of estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone (PRO), testosterone (T), serum prolactin (PRL) and the calcium concentration were analysed and comparied between research group and control group...
April 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441755/role-of-rheb-in-regulating-differentiation-fate-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-cartilage-and-bone-regeneration
#2
Sajjad Ashraf, In-Bo Han, Hansoo Park, Soo-Hong Lee
Advances in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and cell replacement therapies are promising approaches to treat cartilage and bone defects since substantial differentiation capacities of MSCs match the demands of tissue regeneration. Our understanding of the dynamic process requiring indispensable differentiation of MSCs remains limited. Herein, we describe the role of RHEB (Ras homolog enriched in brain) regulating gene signature for differentiation of human adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) into chondrogenic, osteogenic, and adipogenic lineages...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441704/a-study-of-alcohol-consumption-and-obesity-as-main-risk-factor-for-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-a-case-control-study
#3
Byung Hyo Cha, Ban Seok Lee, Sang Hyub Lee, Seung Joo Kang, Min Jung Park
Background: Gallbladder stone (GBS) is a common gastrointestinal disease that can progress to severe cholecystitis and is a strong risk factor for gallbladder cancer (GBC). The present study was conducted to evaluate region-specific causes of GBS which was proved as major risk factor for GBC in Jeju Island, Korea. Methods: Age and sex match case-control study was performed among 171 pairs of case and controls. The cases were patients who were diagnosed with GBS, had definite clinical symptoms, and underwent a cholecystectomy in Cheju Halla General Hospital, Jeju, Korea during 2010-2014...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441697/hypertension-management-in-a-population-of-older-adults-in-rural-south-africa
#4
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Ryan G Wagner, Alisha Wade, Till W Bärnighausen, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
OBJECTIVE: Assess awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, as an indication of its management, in rural South Africa, especially regarding modifiers of these variables. METHODS: A population-representative sample of adults aged at least 40 years residing in the rural Agincourt subdistrict (Mpumalanga Province) covered by a long-term health and sociodemographic surveillance system was recruited. In-person interviews, physical exams, and dried blood spots were collected...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441695/increased-high-risk-coronary-plaque-burden-is-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-clinical-signs-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-computed-tomography-angiography-study
#5
Kristian L Funck, Esben Laugesen, Kristian Øvrehus, Jesper M Jensen, Bjarne L Nørgaard, Damini Dey, Troels K Hansen, Per L Poulsen
OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis may yield valuable information on cardiovascular risk. We aimed to characterize coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy controls and to investigate the association between baseline arterial stiffness and coronary plaque volumes after 5-year follow-up. METHODS: Data from 45 patients and 61 matched controls were available for coronary plaque assessment...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441693/sex-differences-in-fat-distribution-influence-the-association-between-bmi-and-arterial-stiffness
#6
Inge C L van den Munckhof, Suzanne Holewijn, Jacqueline de Graaf, Joost H W Rutten
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The increase in arterial stiffness in patients with the metabolic syndrome is strongly related to the amount of visceral adipose tissue. In clinical practice, anthropometric measurements such as BMI and waist circumference are commonly used to assess general and abdominal adiposity. Waist circumference is a composite measure of subcutaneous and visceral abdominal adipose tissue. As the distribution of intra-abdominal fat differs between men and women, we investigated the sex-specific associations between different anthropometric measures for general and abdominal obesity with arterial stiffness...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441682/chondrosarcoma-of-the-osseous-spine-an-analysis-of-epidemiology-patient-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-using-the-seer-registry-from-1973-to-2012
#7
Armin Arshi, Justin Sharim, Don Y Park, Howard Y Park, Nicholas M Bernthal, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Arya N Shamie
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiology and prognostic indicators in patients with chondrosarcoma of the osseous spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Chondrosarcoma of the spine is rare, with limited data on its epidemiology, clinicopathologic features, and treatment outcomes. Therapy centers on complete en bloc resection with radiotherapy reserved for subtotal resection or advanced disease. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Registry was queried for patients with chondrosarcoma of the osseous spine from 1973 to 2012...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441629/sex-matters-the-effects-of-biological-sex-on-adipose-tissue-biology-and-energy-metabolism
#8
REVIEW
Teresa G Valencak, Anne Osterrieder, Tim J Schulz
Adipose tissue is a complex and multi-faceted organ. It responds dynamically to internal and external stimuli, depending on the developmental stage and activity of the organism. The most common functional subunits of adipose tissue, white and brown adipocytes, regulate and respond to endocrine processes, which then determine metabolic rate as well as adipose tissue functions. While the molecular aspects of white and brown adipose biology have become clearer in the recent past, much less is known about sex-specific differences in regulation and deposition of adipose tissue, and the specific role of the so-called pink adipocytes during lactation in females...
April 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441596/individual-variation-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-relation-to-stable-isotope-ratios-sex-reproductive-phase-and-oxidative-status-in-scopoli-s-shearwaters-calonectris-diomedea-from-the-southern-mediterranean
#9
David Costantini, Manrico Sebastiano, Martina S Müller, Igor Eulaers, Per Ambus, Govindan Malarvannan, Adrian Covaci, Bruno Massa, Giacomo Dell'Omo
Little is known about the accumulation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and its consequences for seabirds in the Mediterranean basin. We characterised the plasma contaminant profile (polychlorinated biphenyls ΣPCBs; organochlorine pesticides ΣOCPs; polybrominated diphenyl ethers ΣPBDEs) of a population of the seabird Scopoli's shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) that breeds in the southern Mediterranean (Linosa Island) and investigated (i) whether sex, stable isotope ratios (related to diet), reproductive phase (early incubation vs...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441458/evidence-that-promotion-of-male-circumcision-did-not-lead-to-sexual-risk-compensation-in-prioritized-sub-saharan-countries
#10
Chyun-Fung Shi, Michael Li, Jonathan Dushoff
BACKGROUND: WHO and UNAIDS prioritized 14 eastern and southern African countries with high HIV and low male circumcision prevalence for a voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) scale-up in 2007. Because circumcision provides only partial protection against HIV infection to men, the issue of possible risk compensation in response to VMMC campaigns is of particular concern. In this study, we looked at population-level survey data from the countries prioritized by WHO for a VMMC scale-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441444/contexts-of-occurrence-of-child-malnutrition-in-the-district-of-villaguay-entre-r%C3%A3-os-argentina-a-multivariate-analysis
#11
María Laura Bergel Sanchís, María Florencia Cesani, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
The analysis of nutritional status is anthropologically important to address the complex interaction of biological, social, political, economic and cultural factors. To deepen the knowledge about contexts of occurrence of child malnutrition, we analyzed nutritional status in relation to socio-environmental conditions of residence in children between three and six years from Villaguay, Entre Ríos, Argentina. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,435 school children of both sexes. Body weight and height were measured and prevalence of low height/age (LH/A), low weight/age (LW/A), low BMI/age (LBMI/A), overweight (Ow) and obesity (Ob) was calculated using World Health Organization reference charts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441428/increased-long-term-risk-of-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#12
Chung-Shun Wong, Ying-Chin Lin, Li-Chin Sung, Tzu-Ting Chen, Hon-Ping Ma, Yung-Ho Hsu, Shin-Han Tsai, Yuh-Feng Lin, Mei-Yi Wu
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning may cause toxicity to the cardiovascular system. However, the association between CO poisoning and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) remains unestablished. We investigated the incidence of MACE after CO poisoning in Taiwan and evaluated whether CO-poisoned individuals had a higher risk of MACE than did the general population. METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) during 2005-2013, a nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted among patients who experienced CO poisoning between 2005 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441403/chronic-pain-and-sex-differences-women-accept-and-move-while-men-feel-blue
#13
Graciela S Rovner, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Ann Björkdahl, Björn Gerdle, Björn Börsbo, Fredrik Johansson, David Gillanders
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore differences between male and female patients entering a rehabilitation program at a pain clinic in order to gain a greater understanding of different approaches to be used in rehabilitation. METHOD: 1371 patients referred to a specialty pain rehabilitation clinic, completed sociodemographic and pain related questionnaires. They rated their pain acceptance (CPAQ-8), their kinesiophobia (TSK), the impact of pain in their life (MPI), anxiety and depression levels (HAD) and quality of life scales: the SF-36, LiSat-11, and the EQ-5D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441402/sex-discordance-in-asthma-and-wheeze-prevalence-in-two-longitudinal-cohorts
#14
Ryan Arathimos, Raquel Granell, John Henderson, Caroline L Relton, Kate Tilling
Sex discordance in asthma prevalence has been previously reported, with higher prevalence in males before puberty, and in females after puberty; the adolescent "switch". However, cross-sectional studies have suggested a narrowing of this discordance in recent decades. We used a combination of cross-sectional and longitudinal modelling to examine sex differences in asthma, wheeze and longitudinal wheezing phenotypes in two UK birth cohorts, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; born 1991-92 with data from age 0-18 years) and the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS; born 2000-02 with data from age 3-10 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441396/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-meta-analysis
#15
Jin Wang, Xu Zhou, Yu Liu, Zheng Li, Xiang Li
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been investigated as a prognostic marker in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, the results remain controversial. This study aimed to explore the association between NLR and survival outcomes and clinicopathological factors in DLBCL. METHODS: Relevant studies were retrieved by searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. The last search was updated on February 17, 2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441394/maternal-obese-type-gut-microbiota-differentially-impact-cognition-anxiety-and-compulsive-behavior-in-male-and-female-offspring-in-mice
#16
Annadora J Bruce-Keller, Sun-Ok Fernandez-Kim, R Leigh Townsend, Claudia Kruger, Richard Carmouche, Susan Newman, J Michael Salbaum, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
Maternal obesity is known to predispose offspring to metabolic and neurodevelopmental abnormalities. While the mechanisms underlying these phenomena are unclear, high fat diets dramatically alter intestinal microbiota, and gut microbiota can impact physiological function. To determine if maternal diet-induced gut dysbiosis can disrupt offspring neurobehavioral function, we transplanted high fat diet- (HFD) or control low fat diet-associated (CD) gut microbiota to conventionally-housed female mice. Recipient mice were then bred and the behavioral phenotype of male and female offspring was tracked...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441307/90-day-readmission-after-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-in-new-york-state-between-2005-and-2014-a-10-year-analysis-of-a-statewide-cohort
#17
Ali A Baaj, Gernot Lang, Wei-Chun Hsu, Mauricio J Avila, Jialin Mao, Art Sedrakyan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To assess 90-day readmission and evaluate risk factors associated with readmission after lumbar fusion in New York State. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Readmission is becoming an important metric for quality and efficiency of healthcare. Readmission and its predictors following spine surgery are overall poorly understood and limited evidence is available specifically in lumbar fusion. METHODS: The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPACRS) was utilized to capture patients undergoing lumbar fusion from 2005-2014...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441279/congenital-etiology-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-complications-in-adolescents-undergoing-corrective-scoliosis-surgery-comparison-of-in-hospital-comorbidities-using-nationwide-kid-s-inpatient-database
#18
Gregory W Poorman, Cyrus M Jalai, Bassel Diebo, Shaleen Vira, John Buza, Joe Baker, Jared Tishelman, Samantha Horn, Olivia Bono, Kartik Shenoy, Saqib Hasan, Justin Paul, Evan Isaacs, Ian Kaye, Abiola Atanda, Aaron J Buckland, Virginie LaFage, Thomas Errico, Peter G Passias
BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis (CS) is associated with more rigid, complex deformities relative to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) which theoretically increases surgical complications. Despite extensive literature studying AIS patients, few studies have been performed on CS patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate complications associated with spinal fusions for CS and AIS. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) years 2000 to 2009 was performed...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441242/identifying-undiagnosed-pediatric-mental-illness-in-the-emergency-department
#19
La Vonne A Downey, Leslie S Zun
BACKGROUND: It is well known that pediatric psychiatric patients frequent emergency department (ED), but the number of patients with undiagnosed psychiatric illness presenting to an ED is not well known. Identification and referral of these patients may provide an opportunity for improved patient care. The primary study objective was to identify a tool that can screen for unsuspected psychiatric illness in pediatric patients who present to the ED with non-psychiatric-related complaints...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441173/religiosity-in-acute-psychiatric-inpatients-relationship-with-demographics-clinical-features-and-length-of-stay
#20
Noha AbdelGawad, Jigar Chotalia, Ajay Parsaik, Teresa Pigott, Melissa Allen
This study examined the relationship between religiosity in 175 psychiatric inpatients as measured by the subscales of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) and sociodemographic (age, sex, and race), clinical (primary diagnosis, suicidality, and psychotic symptoms), and outcome (length of stay [LOS] and readmission rates) measures. Psychosis was assessed by Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity (CRDPSS) scale. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine the association between the DUREL subscales and the outcome measures...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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