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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922211/transrectal-ultrasonography-of-equine-lumbosacral-nerves-pilot-study-in-28-healthy-warmblood-horses
#1
Pablo Espinosa, Philippe Benoit, Isabel Salazar, Jesús de la Fuente, Philippe Heiles
A noninvasive method for visualizing lumbosacral nerves would be helpful for horses with suspected lumbosacral plexopathy or injury. The aim of this prospective descriptive pilot study was to characterize the ultrasonographic appearance of the lumbosacral nerves in a sample of healthy horses, and expand on the technique for image acquisition. Horses were recruited for inclusion if they were determined to be healthy and sound based on clinical and lameness evaluation. Transrectal ultrasound images of the lumbosacral nerves (L6, S1, and S2) were obtained for both sides...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922210/comparison-between-thoracic-radiographic-findings-and-postmortem-diagnosis-of-thoracic-diseases-in-dyspneic-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#2
Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Philip H Kass, Allison L Zwingenberger
Companion rats are often presented to veterinarians for respiratory difficulties. Dyspnea in rats is most commonly due to infectious pneumonia, and thoracic neoplasia can go undiagnosed ante mortem due to a mistaken interpretation of pneumonia. In domestic carnivores, pulmonary nodular patterns have been shown to correlate with lung neoplastic diseases and infectious diseases. The main objective of this retrospective case series study was to determine whether certain radiographic criteria could be correlated with the presence of thoracic infectious disease and neoplastic disease in companion rats...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922203/vulnerability-to-alcohol-related-problems-a-policy-brief-with-implications-for-the-regulation-of-alcohol-marketing
#3
Thomas F Babor, Katherine Robaina, Jonathan K Noel, E Bruce Ritson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concern that alcohol advertising can have detrimental effects on vulnerable viewers has prompted the development of codes of responsible advertising practices. This paper evaluates critically the concept of vulnerability as it applies to (1) susceptibility to alcohol-related harm and (2) susceptibility to the effects of marketing, and describes its implications for the regulation of alcohol marketing. METHOD: We describe the findings of key published studies, review papers and expert reports to determine whether these two types of vulnerability apply to population groups defined by (1) age and developmental history; (2) personality characteristics; (3) family history of alcoholism; (4) female sex and pregnancy risk; and (5) history of alcohol dependence and recovery status...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922121/sex-differences-in-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-carotid-plaque-among-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#4
Wei Zhao, Yanan Wu, Min Shi, Lingling Bai, Jun Tu, Zaiyu Guo, Rongcai Jiang, Jianning Zhang, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
Although the associations between carotid plaque and cardiovascular disease risk factors have been identified in previous studies, there is limited information on sex-related differences in factors associated with the development of carotid plaque. We aimed to determine sex differences in the prevalence of carotid plaque and associated risk factors in rural China. A total of 3,789 subjects aged ≥45 years without history of stroke or cardiovascular disease were recruited to the study. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to determine the presence of carotid plaque...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921519/different-responses-of-drosophila-subobscura-isofemale-lines-to-extremely-low-frequency-magnetic-field-50%C3%A2-hz-0-5%C3%A2-mt-fitness-components-and-locomotor-activity
#5
Danica Zmejkoski, Branka Petković, Sofija Pavković-Lučić, Zlatko Prolić, Marko Anđelković, Tatjana Savić
PURPOSE: Extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields as essential ecological factor may induce specific responses in genetically different lines. The subject of this study was to investigate the impact of ELF magnetic field on fitness components and locomotor activity of five Drosophila subobscura isofemale (IF) lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Each D. subobscura IF line, arbitrarily named: B16/1, B24/4, B39/1, B57/2 and B69/5, was maintained in five full-sib inbreeding generations...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921360/mortality-in-patients-who-discontinue-low-dose-acetylsalicylic-acid-therapy-after-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#6
Antonio González-Pérez, María Eugenia Sáez, Saga Johansson, Péter Nagy, Luis A García Rodríguez
PURPOSE: Discontinuing low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) therapy after upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) may increase the risk of cardiovascular-related death. Our aim was to compare mortality in UK primary care patients who discontinue ASA after UGIB with that in patients who continue therapy. METHODS: ASA users at the time of UGIB and who were alive 30 days after were selected using The Health Improvement Network. Predictors of survival were assessed using adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models...
December 6, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921326/correlation-of-genetic-results-with-testicular-histology-hormones-and-sperm-retrieval-in-nonobstructive-azoospermia-patients-with-testis-biopsy
#7
W Liu, X Gao, G Ma, L Yan, T Chen, T Li, R-M Yu, J-L Ma
To investigate the frequency and types of genetic results in different testicular histology of patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA), and correlated with hormones and sperm retrieval (SR), a retrospective study was conducted in 286 Chinese NOA patients who underwent testis biopsy and 100 age-matched fertile men as the control group. Chromosome karyotype analyses were performed by the peripheral blood chromosome G-band detection method. Screening of Y chromosome microdeletions of azoospermia factor (AZF) region was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of 11 sequence-tagged sites (STS)...
December 6, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921318/meningococcal-vaccination-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Christopher W Blackwell
Recent outbreaks of meningitis in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Los Angeles, Chicago, New York City, and other locations across the United States have heightened public health concerns regarding the increasing incidence of meningococcal infections in this vulnerable population. MSM have unique risk factors that result in greater threat from certain infectious diseases, including meningococcal infection. Men who have sex with men who are infected with HIV are at even higher risk. This article explores the increased risks among MSM in contracting and communicating meningococcal infection, use of vaccination as primary prevention, and outreach strategies that may help address this issue and lessen the disease burden associated with meningococcal infection in these sexual minorities...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921298/female-induced-remote-regulation-of-sperm-physiology-may-provide-opportunities-for-gamete-level-mate-choice
#9
Jukka Kekäläinen, Jonathan P Evans
In sedentary externally fertilizing species, direct interactions between mating partners are limited and pre-fertilization communication between sexes occur largely at the gamete level. Certain combinations of eggs and sperm often have higher fertilization success than others, which may be contingent on egg-derived chemical factors that preferentially attract sperm from compatible males. Here, we examine the mechanisms underlying such effects in the marine mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, where differential sperm attraction has recently been shown to be associated with variation in offspring viability...
December 6, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921269/graded-structure-in-sexual-definitions-categorizations-of-having-had-sex-and-virginity-loss-among-homosexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women
#10
Ava D Horowitz, Edward Bedford
Definitions of sexual behavior display a robust hierarchy of agreement regarding whether or not acts should be classed as, for example, sex or virginity loss. The current research offers a theoretical explanation for this hierarchy, proposing that sexual definitions display graded categorical structure, arising from goodness of membership judgments. Moderation of this graded structure is also predicted, with the focus here on how sexual orientation identity affects sexual definitions. A total of 300 18- to 30-year-old participants completed an online survey, rating 18 behaviors for how far each constitutes having "had sex" and virginity loss...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921224/hyperacute-peripheral-neuropathy-is-a-predictor-of-oxaliplatin-induced-persistent-peripheral-neuropathy
#11
Hiroyuki Tanishima, Toshiji Tominaga, Masamichi Kimura, Tsunehiro Maeda, Yasutsugu Shirai, Tetsuya Horiuchi
PURPOSE: Chronic peripheral neuropathy is a major adverse response to oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy regimens, but there are no established risk factors pertaining to it. We investigated the efficacy of hyperacute peripheral neuropathy (HAPN) as a predictor of oxaliplatin-induced persistent peripheral neuropathy (PPN). METHODS: Forty-seven cases of stage III colorectal cancer who received adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin after curative surgery between January 2010 and August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921206/periacetabular-osteotomy-provides-higher-survivorship-than-rim-trimming-for-acetabular-retroversion
#12
Corinne A Zurmühle, Helen Anwander, Christoph E Albers, Markus S Hanke, Simon D Steppacher, Klaus A Siebenrock, Moritz Tannast
BACKGROUND: Acetabular retroversion can cause impaction-type femoroacetabular impingement leading to hip pain and osteoarthritis. It can be treated by anteverting periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) or acetabular rim trimming with refixation of the labrum. There is increasing evidence that acetabular retroversion is a rotational abnormality of the entire hemipelvis and not a focal overgrowth of the anterior acetabular wall, which favors an anteverting PAO. However, it is unknown if this larger procedure would be beneficial in terms of survivorship and Merle d'Aubigné scores in a midterm followup compared with rim trimming...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921140/cocaine-administration-dose-dependently-increases-sexual-desire-and-decreases-condom-use-likelihood-the-role-of-delay-and-probability-discounting-in-connecting-cocaine-with-hiv
#13
Matthew W Johnson, Evan S Herrmann, Mary M Sweeney, Robert S LeComte, Patrick S Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Although cocaine use has been linked to sexual HIV risk behavior for decades, the direct effects of cocaine on sexual desire and sexual decision-making are unexamined. Research suggests delay discounting (devaluation of future outcomes) and probability discounting (devaluation of uncertain outcomes) play roles in condom use decisions. This study examined the effect of cocaine administration on sexual desire, hypothetical condom use, and discounting tasks. METHODS: This double-blind, within-subjects study compared the effects of 0, 125, and 250 mg/70 kg oral cocaine HCl in 12 cocaine users...
December 5, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921138/the-apex-of-the-aortic-arch-backshifts-with-aging
#14
N d'ostrevy, F D Ardellier, L Cassagnes, L Ouchchane, K Azarnoush, L Camilleri, L Sakka
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies, involving small numbers of patients, have globally assessed the curvature of the thoracic aorta but without any details concerning the location of the supra-aortic trunks. OBJECTIVES: Using CT to describe normal aortic-arch morphology and its changes with age and sex. METHODS: 344 CT scans were studied. We measured the distances from the apex to the ascending and descending aorta, the curvilinear length of the entire arch, that of the segment, including bifurcations of supra-aortic vessels, and the angle, height, and shift of the arch...
December 5, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921038/the-clinical-manifestation-and-management-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-china
#15
REVIEW
Cheng Xue, Chen-Chen Zhou, Ming Wu, Chang-Lin Mei
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic hereditary kidney disease characterized by progressive enlargement of renal cysts. The incidence is 1-2‰ worldwide. Mutations in two genes (PKD1 and PKD2) cause ADPKD. Currently, there is no pharmaceutical treatment available for ADPKD patients in China. Summary: This review focused on advances in clinical manifestation, gene diagnosis, risk factors, and management of ADPKD in China. There is an age-dependent increase in total kidney volume (TKV) and decrease in renal function in Chinese ADPKD patients...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921017/factors-impacting-mortality-in-the-pre-hospital-period-after-road-traffic-accidents-in-urban-india
#16
Ananthnarayan Chandrasekharan, Aditya J Nanavati, Sandhya Prabhakar, Subramaniam Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India currently has the dubious distinction of experiencing the highest number of road traffic accidents in the world. OBJECTIVES: We believe that this study on road traffic accidents may help to identify factors in the pre-hospital setting that may influence mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in a metro area in India over a period of one year. The study included consecutive patients admitted to the trauma service after road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920973/consumption-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-youth-and-young-adults-in-canada
#17
Jessica L Reid, Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Chantal Martineau, Pat Vanderkooy, Nancy Fenton, David Hammond
The growing market for caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) has caused concern about excessive caffeine intake and potential adverse effects, particularly among young people. The current study examined patterns of CED consumption among youth and young adults in Canada, using data from a national online survey conducted in October 2014. Data from a non-probability sample of 2040 respondents aged 12-24 from a consumer panel was weighted to national proportions; measures of CED consumption were estimated, including prevalence, excessive daily consumption, and context for use (locations and reasons)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920874/leiomyoma-of-deep-soft-tissue-mimicking-calcific-myonecrosis
#18
Valerie A Fitzhugh, Cornelia Wenokor, Kathleen S Beebe, Seena C Aisner
Leiomyoma of deep soft tissue is an unusual entity reported in less than 60 cases in the English literature. The lesion is now accepted as a rare neoplasm. Leiomyomata of deep soft tissue have been divided into 2 groups, those occurring primarily in women in the retroperitoneum, histologically similar to leiomyomata of the uterus, and those occurring equally in both sexes in the somatic deep soft tissues. Irrespective of location, these lesions can demonstrate calcification, and even less commonly ossification...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920834/trends-and-determinant-factors-in-the-use-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-devices-in-japan-analysis-of-the-japan-cardiac-device-treatment-registry-database
#19
Hisashi Yokoshiki, Akihiko Shimizu, Takeshi Mitsuhashi, Hiroshi Furushima, Yukio Sekiguchi, Tetsuyuki Manaka, Nobuhiro Nishii, Takeshi Ueyama, Norishige Morita, Takashi Nitta, Ken Okumura
BACKGROUND: The choice of cardiac resynchronization therapy device, with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator, in patients with heart failure largely depends on the physician׳s discretion, because it has not been established which subjects benefit most from a defibrillator. METHODS: We examined the annual trend of CRT device implantations between 2006 and 2014, and evaluated the factors related to the device selection (CRT-D or CRT-P) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure by analyzing the Japan Cardiac Device Treatment Registry (JCDTR) database from January 2011 and August 2015 (CRT-D, n=2714; CRT-P, n=555)...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920808/risk-factors-of-mortality-during-the-first-year-after-low-energy-osteoporosis-fracture-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#20
Aurore Lloret, Guillaume Coiffier, Tiffen Couchouron, Aleth Perdriger, Pascal Guggenbuhl
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporotic fractures are a major public health problem because of the morbidity and mortality of fracture complications. The objective of this study was to examine predictive factors of mortality during the first year after an osteoporotic fracture. METHODS: It is a retrospective case-control study using data of a group of 1081 patients aged over 50 years with severe osteoporotic fractures by the Rennes university hospital emergency department from August 2007 to September 2008...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
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