keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050375/interstitial-fluid-pressure-of-thymic-epithelial-tumours
#1
Takeshi Mori, Wataru Nishi, Tatsuya Yamada, Yamato Motooka, Koei Ikeda, Kenji Shiraishi, Makoto Suzuki
Tumours show an increased interstitial fluid pressure, which correlates with various pathophysiological features. Moreover, interstitial fluid pressure is a prognostic factor for cervical and lung cancer. However, there have been no reports on the usefulness of measuring interstitial fluid pressure in thymic epithelial tumours. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the relationship between interstitial fluid pressure and the clinicopathological characteristics of thymic epithelial tumours. Interstitial fluid pressure was prospectively measured at the centre of the tumour using a 1-Fr Mikro-Tip sensor catheter in 44 patients with thymic epithelial tumours, 40 with thymomas and 4 with thymic carcinomas...
August 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050286/a-prospective-study-of-serum-metabolites-and-glioma-risk
#2
Jiaqi Huang, Stephanie J Weinstein, Cari M Kitahara, Edward D Karoly, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes
Malignant glioma is one of the most lethal adult cancers, yet its etiology remains largely unknown. We conducted a prospective serum metabolomic analysis of glioma based on 64 cases and 64 matched controls selected from Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study. Median time from collection of baseline fasting serum to diagnosis was nine years (inter-decile range 3-20 years). LC/MS-MS identified 730 known metabolites, and conditional logistic regression models estimated odds ratios for one-standard deviation differences in log-metabolite signals...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050280/standardized-tumor-volume-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#3
Ting Liu, Jun Lv, Yutao Qin
The study evaluated the prognostic effect of standardized tumor volume in patients with advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Between Jan 1, 2009 and December 30, 2012, 143 patients diagnosed with NPC in UICC stage III-IVb by histopathology were enrolled in the study. These patients underwent intensity-modulated radiotherapy combined with concurrent chemotherapy. The three-dimensional images of tumor volume were reconstructed automatically by the treatment planning system...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050178/-detection-and-clinical-significance-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-patients-with-colorectal-carcinoma
#4
D Wang, Y C Yang, H W Yao, L Jin, J Wang, Z G Bai, Z T Zhang
Objective: To detect circulating tumor cells (CTC) in patients with colorectal carcinoma and to evaluate the relationship among CTC, clinic-pathological characteristics and prognosis of colorectal carcinoma. Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 109 patients with colorectal carcinoma in Department of General Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2014 to October 2016. There were 60 male and 49 female patients, aging from 33 to 86 years with a mean age of (65±10) years...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050173/-effects-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-the-treatment-of-medullary-sponge-kidney-with-calculi
#5
Y Hong, Q Q Xu, X B Huang, Z J Zhu, H Y Ye, F S Zhang, Q Y Yang, L Z An, T Xu
Objective: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in the treatment of medullary sponge kidney with calculi. Methods: A total of 77 patients (91 renal units) of medullary sponge kidney with calculi (MSK group) and 77 patients (77 renal units) with common kidney stone (control group) received PNL at Department of Urology in Peking University People's Hospital from September 2006 to February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The MSK group included 33 males and 44 females with a mean age of (42...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050172/-the-impact-to-operation-safety-of-preoperative-renal-artery-embolization-for-management-of-diameter%C3%A2-10-cm-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Z Jia, X S Li, C J Zhang, K W Yang, D Peng, J H Yang, C M Ding, C G Xi, Z S He, L Q Zhou
Objective: To study the impact to operation safety of preoperative renal artery embolization for management of ≥10 cm renal cell carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 239 cases with ≥10 cm renal cell carcinoma which all had underwent operation in Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital from January 2002 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three patients underwent preoperative renal artery embolization (therapeutic group) and 186 patients did not (control group). The effect of embolization on operative time, transfusion requirements, hospitalization, ICU stay and perioperative complications were analyzed by comparing the two groups using rank sum test and χ(2) test or Fisher exact test...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050156/-altered-expression-and-clinical-significance-of-plasma-pdgf-in-patients-with-myasthnia-gravis
#7
J J Wang, H X Zhang, X L Zhou, L H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the expression and clinical significance of plasma platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in the patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: Plasma samples from 44 MG patients and 34 healthy people were collected from August 2015 to December 2016 from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. The expression of PDGF was detected by MILLIPLEX MAP Reagent kit. Furthermore, we analyzed the associations between PDGF expression level and quantitative myasthenia gravis score (QMG)...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050147/-association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-with-idiopathic-hypoparathyroidism-phenotypes
#8
T T Quan, M Nie, Y P Li, Y Jiang, M Li, W B Xia, X W Meng, X P Xing, O Wang
Objective: To explore the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP). Methods: Two hundred and three patients with IHP and 209 healthy age- and sex-matched subjects were recruited at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 1987 and December 2015 as case group and control group, respectively. The VDR gene polymorphisms including rs739837, rs3847987 and rs2228570 were analyzed by Sequenom Mass Array. The frequency of different genotypes and alleles was detected, then their association with pathogenesis of IHP was analyzed...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050113/-long-term-follow-up-of-neuroblastoma-in-children-less-than-18-months-of-age
#9
J Zhao, C Pan, M Xu, M Zhou, Y J Gao, W T Hu, J Y Tang
Objective: To assess the clinical features and long-term outcomes of neuroblastoma (NB) in children less than 18 months of age, so as to provide evidence for further improvement of treatment. Method: Clinical data(sex, age, stage, risk group, treatment response, follow-up, etc.) of 155 NB patients under age of 18 months from June 2000 to December 2015 in Shanghai Children's Medical Center were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features were summarized and the long-term follow-up results were evaluated...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050087/-study-on-the-correlation-between-meteorological-factors-and-acute-otitis-media-in-outpatients-of-children-in-beijing
#10
Y X Lu, J Q Liang, Q L Gu, X M Yu, X Yan
Objective: To explore the characteristics of acute otitis media(AOM) in children in Beijing and its correlation with meteorological factors. Methods: Data were collected in 2011-2013 in the Otolaryngology Department of Capital Institute of Pediatrics. AOM in children with relevant information, such as age, sex and season, with the same period of the Beijing municipal meteorological data (the average temperature, average pressure, average wind speed, humidity and PM2.5) were compared to analysis the relationship of meteorological environmental parameters and the onset of AOM in children...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049892/velocity-of-the-muscle-tendon-unit-is-sex-dependent-and-not-altered-with-acute-static-stretch
#11
Carey L Simpson, Rowan R Smart, Dylan Ee Melady, Jennifer M Jakobi
Contraction velocity of a muscle tendon unit (MTU) is dependent upon the interrelationship between fascicles shortening and the tendon lengthening. Altering the mechanical properties of these tissues through a perturbation such as static stretching slows force generation. Females, who have inherently greater compliance compared with males have slower velocity of MTU components. The addition of a static stretch might further exacerbate this sex difference. The purpose of this study was to investigate the velocity of fascicle shortening and tendon lengthening in males and females during isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the plantar flexors prior to and following an acute static stretch...
October 19, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049803/prognostic-significance-of-immune-nutritional-parameters-for-surgically-resected-elderly-lung-cancer-patients-a-multicentre-retrospective-study
#12
Fumihiro Shoji, Naoko Miura, Taichi Matsubara, Takaki Akamine, Yuka Kozuma, Naoki Haratake, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Tomoyoshi Takenaka, Koji Yamazaki, Tatsuro Okamoto, Sadanori Takeo, Yoshihiko Maehara
OBJECTIVES: The world's population is rapidly ageing, and the age of patients with lung cancer will increase as well. The prognostic nutritional index, controlling nutritional status and the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) are useful parameters for evaluating immune-nutritional status. We aimed to perform a multicentre retrospective study to investigate the correlations of these immune-nutritional parameters with postoperative comorbidities or surgical outcomes of elderly patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
October 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049789/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-status-is-strongly-associated-with-smoking-status-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-lung-adenocarcinoma
#13
Yuki Matsumura, Yuki Owada, Takuya Inoue, Yuzuru Watanabe, Takumi Yamaura, Mitsuro Fukuhara, Satoshi Muto, Naoyuki Okabe, Takeo Hasegawa, Mika Hoshino, Jun Osugi, Mitsunori Higuchi, Hiroyuki Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to examine the relationship between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status and clinicopathological factors in a cohort of patients who underwent surgical resections for lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: From the patients who underwent surgical resections for primary lung cancers between 2005 and 2012, 371 consecutive adenocarcinoma patients were enrolled in this study, and their tumours were analysed for EGFR mutations...
July 19, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049731/factors-affecting-mydriasis-free-flicker-ergs-recorded-with-real-time-correction-for-retinal-illuminance-study-of-150-young-healthy-subjects
#14
Kumiko Kato, Mineo Kondo, Ryunosuke Nagashima, Asako Sugawara, Masahiko Sugimoto, Hisashi Matsubara, Daphne L McCulloch, Kengo Ikesugi
Purpose: A small, full-field flicker electroretinogram (ERG) recording system was recently developed to record flicker ERGs without mydriasis (RETeval). The device delivers a stimulus with constant retinal illuminance by adjusting the retinal luminance to compensate for changes in the pupillary area. The purpose of this study was to determine what factors affect the fundamental components of the flicker ERGs recorded by RETeval in young healthy subjects. Methods: Flicker ERGs were recorded with the RETeval system from 150 eyes of 150 young healthy subjects (age, 20-29 years)...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049726/comparison-of-sectoral-structure-function-relationships-in-glaucoma-vessel-density-versus-thickness-in-the-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer
#15
Kimikazu Sakaguchi, Tomomi Higashide, Sachiko Udagawa, Shinji Ohkubo, Kazuhisa Sugiyama
Purpose: To compare the sectoral structure-function relationships in glaucoma between two structural parameters, vessel density (VD) and thickness, in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL). Methods: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (AngioVue/RTVue-XR) for VD and OCT (RS-3000) for peripapillary RNFL thickness were performed in 129 eyes from 129 subjects (94 glaucoma, 17 glaucoma suspects, and 18 normal eyes). Humphrey visual field (VF) tests were performed using a SITA standard 24-2 program...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049612/long-term-change-in-the-risk-of-skin-cancer-after-organ-transplantation-a-population-based-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
Syed Mohammad Husain Rizvi, Bjarte Aagnes, Hallvard Holdaas, Einar Gude, Kristin Muri Boberg, Øystein Bjørtuft, Per Helsing, Torbjørn Leivestad, Bjørn Møller, Petter Gjersvik
Importance: The high risk of skin cancer after organ transplantation is a major clinical challenge and well documented, but reports on temporal trends in the risk of posttransplant cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are few and appear contradictory. Objective: To study temporal trends for the risk of skin cancer, particularly SCC, after organ transplantation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based, nationwide, prospective cohort study of 8026 patients receiving a kidney, heart, lung, or liver transplant in Norway from 1968 through 2012 using patient data linked to a national cancer registry...
October 18, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049584/association-of-insulin-pump-therapy-vs-insulin-injection-therapy-with-severe-hypoglycemia-ketoacidosis-and-glycemic-control-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Beate Karges, Anke Schwandt, Bettina Heidtmann, Olga Kordonouri, Elisabeth Binder, Ulrike Schierloh, Claudia Boettcher, Thomas Kapellen, Joachim Rosenbauer, Reinhard W Holl
Importance: Insulin pump therapy may improve metabolic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes, but the association with short-term diabetes complications is unclear. Objective: To determine whether rates of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis are lower with insulin pump therapy compared with insulin injection therapy in children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based cohort study conducted between January 2011 and December 2015 in 446 diabetes centers participating in the Diabetes Prospective Follow-up Initiative in Germany, Austria, and Luxembourg...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049523/oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-differences-in-prevalence-between-sexes-and-concordance-with-genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-nhanes-2011-to-2014
#18
Kalyani Sonawane, Ryan Suk, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Peihua Qiu, Timothy Wilkin, Alan G Nyitray, Andrew G Sikora, Ashish A Deshmukh
Background: The burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is disproportionately high among men, yet empirical evidence regarding the difference in prevalence of oral HPV infection between men and women is limited. Concordance of oral and genital HPV infection among men is unknown. Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection, as well as the concordance of oral and genital HPV infection, among U.S...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049519/association-of-bone-mineral-density-with-the-risk-of-intracranial-aneurysm
#19
Yong-Won Shin, Kyung-Il Park, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh, Keun-Hwa Jung
Importance: Disruption of extracellular matrix integrity is critically involved in both intracranial aneurysm and bone fragility. Furthermore, both intracranial aneurysm and osteoporosis have a female predominance, and sex hormones are considered to affect this discrepancy. Objective: To evaluate the association between bone mineral density and intracranial aneurysm. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study conducted with 14 328 patients who underwent brain magnetic resonance angiography and bone mineral densitometry as a part of a health examination at a specialized center for comprehensive health examination in Seoul, the largest metropolitan area in the Republic of Korea, between December 2004 and November 2015...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049509/prenatal-air-pollution-and-newborns-predisposition-to-accelerated-biological-aging
#20
Dries S Martens, Bianca Cox, Bram G Janssen, Diana B P Clemente, Antonio Gasparrini, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Harry A Roels, Michelle Plusquin, Tim S Nawrot
Importance: Telomere length is a marker of biological aging that may provide a cellular memory of exposures to oxidative stress and inflammation. Telomere length at birth has been related to life expectancy. An association between prenatal air pollution exposure and telomere length at birth could provide new insights in the environmental influence on molecular longevity. Objective: To assess the association of prenatal exposure to particulate matter (PM) with newborn telomere length as reflected by cord blood and placental telomere length...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
1734
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"