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regression to the mean

B M Guo, A F Zhu
Objective: To investigate the situation of work engagement among nurses in tertiary level 1st general hospitals and evaluated potential associations between psychological contract, psychological capital, and work Engagement. Methods: A cross - sectional descriptive study design was used. 320 nurses from three tertiary level 1st general hospitals in Jinan was included. Data were gathered with Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) , Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and Psychological Contract Questionnaire...
August 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
C Wang, Z C Wang, Y Ding, M S Zeng, S X Rao
Objective: To evaluate the measured value of gadoxetic disodium - enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance for the prediction of liver damage (LD) including liver fibrosis and inflammation. Methods: Retrospectively analyzed laboratory data of 115 patients with pathological results including prothrombin time (PT), albumin, serum total bilirubin level (TBil), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and magnetic resonance measurements (T1 measurement before and after enhancement and hepatobiliary specific phase T1pre, T1post, and changes in T1 relaxation time before and after enhancement were measured)...
July 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Che-Sheng Chu, Chin-Liang Chu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Ti Lu, Yu-Te Lin, Ming-Yueh Chou, Philip Chik-Keung Chow
OBJECTIVES: The dopaminergic pathway plays a vital role in pain expression. Here, our aim was to investigate the effects of polymorphisms in genes encoding the dopamine active transporter (SLC6A3) and dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) on preoperative pain expression among patients preparing for orthopedic surgery. METHODS: Chinese elderly patients scheduled for orthopedic surgery were enrolled. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain intensity (score range, 0-10; 0 = no pain; 10 = worst pain possible)...
October 14, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Michał Pluta, Tomasz Klocek, Łukasz J Krzych
BACKGROUND: The red blood cell distribution width index (RDW) is one of several parameters routinely analysed in peripheral blood counts. The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of RDW in the prediction of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing high-risk gastroenterological surgery. METHODS: Prospective observation covered 229 patients who underwent surgery, for whom the risk of cardiovascular complications was high due to the type of procedure. The patient's individual risk was assessed using the criteria of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA-PS)...
October 14, 2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Xia Zhong, Norbert Strobel, Annette Birkhold, Markus Kowarschik, Rebecca Fahrig, Andreas Maier
PURPOSE: With the recent introduction of fully assisting scanner technologies by Siemens Healthineers (Erlangen, Germany), a patient surface model was introduced to the diagnostic imaging device market. Such a patient representation can be used to automate and accelerate the clinical imaging workflow, manage patient dose, and provide navigation assistance for computed tomography diagnostic imaging. In addition to diagnostic imaging, a patient surface model has also tremendous potential to simplify interventional imaging...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
C M Lameijer, H J Ten Duis, D Vroling, M T Hartlief, M El Moumni, C K van der Sluis
INTRODUCTION: Outcomes of non-osteoporotic patients who sustained a distal radius fracture (DRF) have not gained much attention in recent literature. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of posttraumatic arthritis (PA), to analyze associations of radiological measurements, clinician-reported and patient-reported outcomes (CROs and PROs) with PA and gain insight into employment changes after DRF in non-osteoporotic patients. METHODS: Non-osteoporotic patients following a DRF were selected...
October 13, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Katherine J Baxter, Heather L Short, Curtis D Travers, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to implement a novel surgeon-reported categorization (SRC) for pediatric appendicitis severity and determine if SRC was associated with outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of appendectomies by 15 surgeons within a single center from January to December 2016. The SRC was defined as: simple (category 1), gangrenous or adherent (category 2A), perforation with localized abscess (category 2B), and perforation with gross contamination (category 2C)...
October 13, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Muhammad Taqi, Ishak Abdul Razak, Norintan Ab-Murat
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and pattern of sugar intake among Pakistani school going children and its association with early carious lesion and caries history. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to May 2016 in seven schools of Bhakkar district in the Punjab province of Pakistan, and comprised of school children aged 11-12 years. Diet diaries were used to assess the frequency of sugar intake while caries was assessed using the Modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Rehana Rehman, Tooba Irfan, Shireen Jawed, Mehwish Hussain, Rabiya Ali
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of good-quality embryos in acquiring pregnancy after intracytoplasmic sperm injection and to predict factors required for development of embryos. METHODS: The quasi-experimental study was conducted from June 2010 to August 2012 at Islamabad Clinic Serving Infertile Couples and comprised infertile females who received long-term gonadotropin agonist protocol for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Basal estradiol and antral follicle count was measured at baseline, while estradiol, progesterone and interleukin levels with pre-ovulatory follicle count were evaluated on the ovulation induction day...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Balwant Lal, Adil Iqbal, Nasir Farooq Butt, Fawad Ahmad Randhawa, Rabia Rathore, Tariq Waseem
OBJECTIVE: : To determine the efficacy of high-dose allopurinol in reducing left ventricular mass in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy by comparing its efficacy with febuxostat.. METHODS: The randomised controlled interventional study was conducted at Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from April to December 2015, comprising patients with left ventricular hypertrophy on echocardiography. They were randomly divided into two equal groups, with Group A receiving allopurinol and Group B receiving febuxostat...
October 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Shang-Ying Tsai, Ariel G Gildengers, Jung-Lung Hsu, Kuo-Hsuan Chung, Pao-Huan Chen, Yu-Jui Huang
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) and aging appear to be associated with inflammatory activation. Inflammatory processes might affect hippocampal function, neurogenesis, and gray matter loss. This study investigated the relationship between BD-specific brain regions and the total gray matter volume, peripheral inflammatory markers, and clinical features in older patients with BD. METHODS: We recruited euthymic patients with bipolar I disorder aged ≥50 years to undergo whole-brain magnetic resonance imaging...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
George Markopoulos, Dimitrios Kitridis, Konstantinos Tsikopoulos, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Ilias Bisbinas
BACKGROUND: Urinary catheters are commonly used in patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty. Bladder training before catheter removal is reported to shorten the time to return to normal bladder function and reduce the incidence of urinary retention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of bladder training in patients with total hip and knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Orthopaedic Department of a tertiary Military Hospital...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Mats Hallgren, Thi-Thuy-Dung Nguyen, Andreas Lundin, Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Felipe Schuch, Rino Bellocco, Ylva Trolle Lagerros
Regular physical activity (PA) appears to protect against the emergence of depression, but prospective studies linked to clinician diagnoses of major depressive disorder (MDD) remain scarce. It is also unclear whether PA levels recommended for general health are prospectively related to depression onset. We explored these relationships in a cohort of adults followed over 13 years. In total, 43,863 Swedish adults were surveyed in 1997 and responses linked to clinician-diagnosed MDD obtained from specialist medical registers until 2010...
October 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Cesar Leos-Toro, Vicki Rynard, Donna Murnaghan, Jo-Ann MacDonald, David Hammond
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance among Canadian youth. The current study examined national trends in cannabis use among Canadian youth from 2004/05 to 2014/15 using nationally representative data from the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CSTADS). Data were collected from students in Grades 7 to 12 as part of the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (formerly the Youth Smoking Survey) using a repeat-cross sectional survey across 6 biennial survey waves between 2004 and 2014 (N = 243,057)...
October 11, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Alexander A Brescia, Caitlin A Harrington, Alyssa Mazurek, Sarah Ward, Jay S J Lee, Hsou Mei Hu, Chad M Brummett, Jennifer F Waljee, Pooja A Lagisetty, Kiran H Lagisetty
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence, misuse, and abuse in the United States continue to rise. Prior studies indicate an important risk factor for persistent opioid use includes elective surgical procedures, though the probability following thoracic procedures remains unknown. We analyzed the incidence and factors associated with new persistent opioid use after lung resection. METHODS: We evaluated data from opioid-naïve cancer patients undergoing lung resection between 2010 and 2014 using insurance claims from the Truven Health MarketScan Databases...
October 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Guohua Zhang, Chengguo Zhang, Yukai Wang, Lijuan Wang, Yuhu Zhang, Haiqun Xie, Jiancong Lu, Kun Nie
OBJECTIVE: It was recently found that structural changes in the substantia nigra (SN) and motor symptoms become more prominent in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with striatal silent lacunar infarction (SSLI) than in those without SSLI. Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) was an independent risk factor for SSLI in PD patients. In this follow-up study, we investigated the relationship between HHCY and structural changes of the SN in PD patients. METHODS: A total of 72 untreated early PD patients without SSLI, divided into control and HHCY groups, were enrolled in this study...
October 5, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Anna R Kahkoska, Scott Isom, Jasmin Divers, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Lawrence Dolan, Amy S Shah, Maryam Afkarian, David J Pettitt, Jean M Lawrence, Santica Marcovina, Sharon H Saydah, Dana Dabelea, David M Maahs, Amy K Mottl
AIMS: To determine among adolescents and young adults with youth-onset type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes the rates and risk factors for albuminuria regression and progression. METHODS: Data from SEARCH, a longitudinal observational study of youth-onset type 1 diabetes (N = 1316) and type 2 diabetes (N = 143) were analyzed. Urine albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR) was measured from random urine specimens at baseline and follow-up visits (mean 7 years later)...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Negin Masoudi Alavi, Saeed Khademalhoseini, Zarichehr Vakili, Fatemeh Assarian
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Treatment of depression in elderly population is a crucial issue. The effect of vitamin D supplementation on treatment of depression in older adults was investigated in this clinical trial. METHODS: It was an 8-week, randomized clinical trial of vitamin D supplementation and placebo in the treatment of depression in 3 psychiatric clinics. The study sample included 78 older adults aged over 60 years with moderate to severe depression. Subjects were randomly allocated to receive 50,000 U vitamin D3 pearl weekly for 8 weeks or placebo (39 subjects in each group)...
September 19, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Camilla Kjersgaard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: To study if parental subfertility is related to the occurrence of the male genital anomalies, cryptorchidism and hypospadias. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 80,220 singleton boys and their mothers from the Danish National Birth Cohort and the Aarhus Birth Cohort. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The two congenital anomalies; cryptorchidism and hypospadias, registered within the Danish National Patient Register up until December 31, 2012...
October 2018: Fertility and Sterility
I-H Lin, T-C Wong, S-W Nien, H-H Wang, Y-J Chiang, S-H Yang
BACKGROUND: The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) is a useful predictor of prognosis in older patients and those receiving hemodialysis. However, the predictive value of the GNRI in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) is unclear. In this study we investigated the correlation between the GNRI and muscle function, as indicated by handgrip strength (HGS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 42 RTRs (50% women), with a mean age of 49.0 ± 10.8 years...
October 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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