keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

astrocytes and PD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106035/targeting-the-noradrenergic-system-for-anti-inflammatory-and-neuroprotective-effects-implications-for-parkinson-s-disease
#1
REVIEW
Eoin O'Neill, Andrew Harkin
Degeneration of the locus coeruleus noradrenergic system is thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas pharmacological approaches to increase noradrenaline bioavailability may provide neuroprotection. Noradrenaline inhibits microglial activation and suppresses pro-inflammatory mediator production (e.g., tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β & inducible nitric oxide synthase activity), thus limiting the cytotoxicity of midbrain dopaminergic neurons in response to an inflammatory stimulus...
August 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103794/connexin-30-deficiency-attenuates-a2-astrocyte-responses-and-induces-severe-neurodegeneration-in-a-1-methyl-4-phenyl-1-2-3-6-tetrahydropyridine-hydrochloride-parkinson-s-disease-animal-model
#2
Atsushi Fujita, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Ryo Yamasaki, Yiwen Cui, Yuta Matsuoka, Ken-Ichi Yamada, Jun-Ichi Kira
BACKGROUND: The first pathology observed in Parkinson's disease (PD) is 'dying back' of striatal dopaminergic (DA) terminals. Connexin (Cx)30, an astrocytic gap junction protein, is upregulated in the striatum in PD, but its roles in neurodegeneration remain elusive. We investigated Cx30 function in an acute PD model by administering 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) to wild-type (WT) and Cx30 knockout (KO) mice. METHODS: On days 1 and 7 after MPTP administration, we evaluated changes in astrocytic Cx30, Cx43, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and ionised calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 expression by immunostaining and biochemical analysis...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092810/immunotherapy-targeting-toll-like-receptor-2-alleviates-neurodegeneration-in-models-of-synucleinopathy-by-modulating-%C3%AE-synuclein-transmission-and-neuroinflammation
#3
Changyoun Kim, Brian Spencer, Edward Rockenstein, Hodaka Yamakado, Michael Mante, Anthony Adame, Jerel Adam Fields, Deborah Masliah, Michiyo Iba, He-Jin Lee, Robert A Rissman, Seung-Jae Lee, Eliezer Masliah
BACKGROUND: Synucleinopathies of the aging population are an heterogeneous group of neurological disorders that includes Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and are characterized by the progressive accumulation of α-synuclein in neuronal and glial cells. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), a pattern recognition immune receptor, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of synucleinopathies because TLR2 is elevated in the brains of patients with PD and TLR2 is a mediator of the neurotoxic and pro-inflammatory effects of extracellular α-synuclein aggregates...
August 9, 2018: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041414/delivery-of-mirna-targeted-oligonucleotides-in-the-rat-striatum-by-magnetofection-with-neuromag-%C3%A2
#4
Simoneide Souza Titze de Almeida, Camila Hillesheim Horst, Cristina Soto-Sánchez, Eduardo Fernandez, Ricardo Titze de Almeida
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression at posttranscriptional level by triggering RNA interference. In such a sense, aberrant expressions of miRNAs play critical roles in the pathogenesis of many disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). Controlling the level of specific miRNAs in the brain is thus a promising therapeutic strategy for neuroprotection. A fundamental need for miRNA regulation (either replacing or inhibition) is a carrier capable of delivering oligonucleotides into brain cells. This study aimed to examine a polymeric magnetic particle, Neuromag® , for delivery of synthetic miRNA inhibitors in the rat central nervous system...
July 23, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018702/the-lentiviral-mediated-nurr1-genetic-engineering-mesenchymal-stem-cells-protect-dopaminergic-neurons-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Xiaoxiao Wang, Wenxin Zhuang, Wenyu Fu, Xiaocui Wang, E Lv, Fengjie Li, Shuanhu Zhou, Wolf-Dieter Rausch, Xin Wang
Nuclear receptor-related factor 1 (Nurr1) has a crucial role in the development and maturation of mesencephalic dopamine (DA) neurons and also plays a protective role in maintenance of DA neurons by inhibiting the activation of microglia and astrocyte. Moreover, the mutations in Nurr1 gene are associated with familial Parkinson's disease (PD), suggested that Nurr1 modulation is a potential therapeutic target for PD. This study examines the therapeutic effects of transplantation of Nurr1 gene-modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced PD rat models...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006683/telmisartan-ameliorates-astroglial-and-dopaminergic-functions-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-parkinsonism
#6
Sathiya Sekar, Sugumar Mani, Barathidasan Rajamani, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Abid Bhat, Bipul Ray, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Gilles J Guillemin, Saravana Babu Chidambaram
Many studies reported the neuroprotective effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of AT1R blockade on astroglial, in turn, dopaminergic functions in chronic PD is still to be studied. In the present study, telmisartan (TEL; 3 and 10 mg/kg/day; p.o), was used to study the effects AT1R blockade on astrocytic and dopaminergic functions in a chronic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of Parkinsonism (250 mg/kg, i...
July 13, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006609/glucocorticoid-receptor-in-astrocytes-regulates-midbrain-dopamine-neurodegeneration-through-connexin-hemichannel-activity
#7
Layal Maatouk, Chenju Yi, Maria-Angeles Carrillo-de Sauvage, Anne-Claire Compagnion, Stéphane Hunot, Pascal Ezan, Etienne C Hirsch, Annette Koulakoff, Frank W Pfrieger, François Tronche, Luc Leybaert, Christian Giaume, Sheela Vyas
The precise contribution of astrocytes in neuroinflammatory process occurring in Parkinson's disease (PD) is not well characterized. In this study, using GRCx30CreERT2 mice that are conditionally inactivated for glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in astrocytes, we have examined the actions of astrocytic GR during dopamine neuron (DN) degeneration triggered by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). The results show significantly augmented DN loss in GRCx30CreERT2 mutant mice in substantia nigra (SN) compared to controls...
July 13, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959908/manf-protects-dopamine-neurons-and-locomotion-defects-from-a-human-%C3%AE-synuclein-induced-parkinson-s-disease-model-in-c-elegans-by-regulating-er-stress-and-autophagy-pathways
#8
Zhuoyu Zhang, Yijue Shen, Hang Luo, Fen Zhang, Li Jing, Yuanyuan Wu, Xiaofei Xia, Yunping Song, Wei Li, Lingjing Jin
Many studies have demonstrated that mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) has been shown protective effects on neurotoxin based models of Parkinson's disease (PD). It still remains unclear whether MANF can rescue dopaminergic (DA) neurons in an α-synuclein model. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and its related neurturin (NRTN) can protect DA neurons in the neurotoxin but not α-synuclein animal models of PD, it failed in the clinical trials. Since α-synuclein model can better mimic the progression of human PD, in our study we overexpressed MANF specifically in DA neurons by using an α-synuclein Caenorhabditis elegans (C...
June 28, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916143/mast-cell-proteases-activate-astrocytes-and-glia-neurons-and-release-interleukin-33-by-activating-p38-and-erk1-2-mapks-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#9
Duraisamy Kempuraj, Ramasamy Thangavel, Gvindhasamy Pushpavathi Selvakumar, Mohammad Ejaz Ahmed, Smita Zaheer, Sudhanshu P Raikwar, Haris Zahoor, Daniyal Saeed, Iuliia Dubova, Gema Giler, Shelby Herr, Shankar S Iyer, Asgar Zaheer
Inflammatory mediators released from activated microglia, astrocytes, neurons, and mast cells mediate neuroinflammation. Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by inflammation-dependent dopaminergic neurodegeneration in substantia nigra. 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ ), a metabolite of parkinsonian neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), induces inflammatory mediators' release from brain cells and mast cells. Brain cells' interaction with mast cells is implicated in neuroinflammation...
June 18, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907159/jnk-mediated-microglial-dicer-degradation-potentiates-inflammatory-responses-to-induce-dopaminergic-neuron-loss
#10
Qing Wang, Qian He, Yifei Chen, Wei Shao, Chao Yuan, Yizheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Amplified inflammation is important for the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, how this enhanced inflammation is regulated remains largely unknown. Deletion of DICER leads to progressive dopamine neuronal loss and induces gliosis. We hypothesized that the homeostasis of microglial DICER would be responsible for the amplified inflammation in the mouse model of PD. METHODS: The microglia or C57BL/6 mice were treated or injected with l-methyl-4-phenyl-l,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ ), respectively, for the model establishment...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887945/manf-improves-the-mpp-mptp-induced-parkinson-s-disease-via-improvement-of-mitochondrial-function-and-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress
#11
Yigang Liu, Jingxing Zhang, Ming Jiang, Qiong Cai, Jianmin Fang, Lingjing Jin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) on the MPTP/MPP+ -induced model of Parkinson's disease (PD) and the potential mechanism. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice PD model with MPTP-induced were randomly injected bilaterally with MANF or PBS into the striatum. Two weeks later, Rotarod test, immunohistochemistry, and detection of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were performed...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885849/ppar%C3%A3-%C3%AE-agonist-alleviates-nlrp3-inflammasome-mediated-neuroinflammation-in-the-mptp-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Linfang Chen, Liujun Xue, Jinlong Zheng, Xiangyang Tian, Yingdong Zhang, Qiang Tong
Recent studies have indicated that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARß/δ) agonists exert neuroprotective effects in the model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Furthermore, PPARß/δ agonists have been shown to have potential anti-inflammatory activity, but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Emerging evidence indicates that the nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich-repeat-protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-mediated neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of PD. In the present study we investigate whether PPARß/δ agonists alleviate NLRP3-mediated neuroinflammation in the 1- methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD...
June 8, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868300/-n-acetylcysteine-protects-against-motor-optomotor-and-morphological-deficits-induced-by-6-ohda-in-zebrafish-larvae
#13
Radharani Benvenutti, Matheus Marcon, Carlos G Reis, Laura R Nery, Camila Miguel, Ana P Herrmann, Monica R M Vianna, Angelo Piato
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. In addition to its highly debilitating motor symptoms, non-motor symptoms may precede their motor counterparts by many years, which may characterize a prodromal phase of PD. A potential pharmacological strategy is to introduce neuroprotective agents at an earlier stage in order to prevent further neuronal death. N -acetylcysteine (NAC) has been used against paracetamol overdose hepatotoxicity by restoring hepatic concentrations of glutathione (GSH), and as a mucolytic in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by reducing disulfide bonds in mucoproteins...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797340/differential-insular-cortex-subregional-vulnerability-to-%C3%AE-synuclein-pathology-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#14
Y Y Fathy, A J Jonker, E Oudejans, F J J de Jong, A-M W van Dam, A J M Rozemuller, W D J van de Berg
AIM: The insular cortex consists of a heterogenous cytoarchitecture and diverse connections and is thought to integrate autonomic, cognitive, emotional and interoceptive functions to guide behaviour. In Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), it reveals α-synuclein pathology in advanced stages. The aim of this study is to assess the insular cortex cellular and subregional vulnerability to α-synuclein pathology in well-characterized PD and DLB subjects. METHODS: We analysed postmortem insular tissue from 24 donors with incidental Lewy body disease, PD, PD with dementia (PDD), DLB and age-matched controls...
May 24, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786071/dopamine-d2-receptor-restricts-astrocytic-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-via-enhancing-the-interaction-of-%C3%AE-arrestin2-and-nlrp3
#15
Jialei Zhu, Zhaoli Hu, Xiaojuan Han, Dongshuo Wang, Qingling Jiang, Jianhua Ding, Ming Xiao, Cong Wang, Ming Lu, Gang Hu
Astrocytes are involved in the neuroinflammation of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Among the numerous inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) produced by astrocytic Nod-like receptor protein (NLRP) inflammasome is crucial in the pathogenesis of PD. β-arrestin2-mediated dopamine D2 receptor (Drd2) signal transduction has been regarded as a potential anti-inflammatory target. Our previous study revealed that astrocytic Drd2 suppresses neuroinflammation in the central nervous system...
May 21, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782623/astrocytic-hypertrophy-in-the-rat-ventral-tegmental-area-following-chronic-morphine-differs-with-age
#16
Emily C Goins, Dusica Bajic
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is the origin of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system known to play an integral role in mediating reward and development of drug addiction. Although the differences in neuronal plasticity of VTA at various ages remain to be understood, age is known to influence the effects of chronic opioids. In addition, adaptations associated with exposure to opioids within glial populations located in the VTA are poorly understood. The objective of the study was to determine if there are changes in astrocytic immunofluorescent labeling in the VTA following chronic morphine administration in a rat model at different ages: newborn at postnatal day (PD)7 and adult (estimated PD57)...
2018: Journal of neurology and neurorehabilitation research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778792/valproic-acid-attenuates-manganese-induced-reduction-in-expression-of-glt-1-and-glast-with-concomitant-changes-in-murine-dopaminergic-neurotoxicity
#17
James Johnson, Edward Pajarillo, Pratap Karki, Judong Kim, Deok-Soo Son, Michael Aschner, Eunsook Lee
Exposure to elevated levels of manganese (Mn) causes manganism, a neurological disorder with similar characteristics to those of Parkinson's disease (PD). Valproic acid (VPA), an antiepileptic, is known to inhibit histone deacetylases and exert neuroprotective effects in many experimental models of neurological disorders. In the present study, we investigated if VPA attenuated Mn-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity and the possible mechanisms involved in VPA's neuroprotection, focusing on modulation of astrocytic glutamate transporters (glutamate aspartate transporter, GLAST and glutamate transporter 1, GLT-1) and histone acetylation in H4 astrocyte culture and mouse models...
July 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755324/effect-of-chronic-oxidative-stress-on-neuroinflammatory-response-mediated-by-cd4-t-cells-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Helena Solleiro-Villavicencio, Selva Rivas-Arancibia
In a state of oxidative stress, there is an increase of reactive species, which induce an altered intracellular signaling, leading to dysregulation of the inflammatory response. The inability of the antioxidant defense systems to modulate the proinflammatory response is key to the onset and progression of neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of this work is to review the effect of the state of oxidative stress on the loss of regulation of the inflammatory response on the microglia and astrocytes, the induction of different CD4+ T cell populations in neuroinflammation, as well as its role in some neurodegenerative diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751760/regional-microglia-are-transcriptionally-distinct-but-similarly-exacerbate-neurodegeneration-in-a-culture-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Eric Wildon Kostuk, Jingli Cai, Lorraine Iacovitti
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by selective degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SN) while neighboring ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neurons are relatively spared. Mechanisms underlying the selective protection of the VTA and susceptibility of the SN are still mostly unknown. Here, we demonstrate the importance of balance between astrocytes and microglia in the susceptibility of SN DA neurons to the PD mimetic toxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ )...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749529/%C3%AE-%C3%A2-synuclein-induces-apoptosis-of-astrocytes-by-causing-dysfunction-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum%C3%A2-golgi-compartment
#20
Mei Liu, Lixia Qin, Lili Wang, Jieqiong Tan, Hainan Zhang, Jianguang Tang, Xiangmin Shen, Liming Tan, Chunyu Wang
Although previous work has demonstrated that the overexpression of wild‑type or mutant α‑synuclein (α‑syn) can induce cell death via a number of different mechanisms, including oxidative stress, dysfunction of the ubiquitin‑proteasome degradation system, mitochondrial damage and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, research interest has primarily focused on neurons. However, there is accumulating evidence that suggests that astrocytes may be involved in the earliest changes, as well as the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD), though the role of α‑syn in astrocytes has not been widely studied...
July 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
keyword
keyword
165545
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"