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Siritree Suttajit, Puckwipa Suwannaprom, Teeraporn Supapaan, Suntara Eakanunkul, Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai, Chuenjid Kongkaew, Claire Anderson, Payom Wongpoowarak
Purpose: To serve the higher demands of pharmaceutical services, pharmacy education in Thailand has shifted from 5-year BPharm program to 6-year PharmD program with two specialization tracks: pharmaceutical care (PC) and industrial pharmacy (IP). This study aimed to compare the perceptions regarding professional competencies, pharmacy profession, and planned workplace between graduates with 5-year BPharm and 6-year PharmD and between those with PC and IP specialty. Methods: A cross-sectional national survey using a paper-pencil self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all new graduates attending the pharmacy licensure examination in March 2015...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Sreelakshmi K Sreenivasamurthy, Gourav Dey, Manish Kumar, Ajeet Kumar Mohanty, Ashwani Kumar, T S Keshava Prasad
The data presented in this article is associated with the quantitative proteomic analysis of four mosquito tissues - midgut, Malpighian tubules, ovaries and fat body from female Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes. To identify the proteins that were expressed in a tissue-specific manner, the four mosquito tissues were labelled with iTRAQ labels and analyzed using a high-resolution mass spectrometer. Database searches of the 1,10,616 raw spectra from 23 peptide fractions resulted in the identification of 84,733 peptide spectrum matches corresponding to 16,278 peptides and 3372 proteins...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Adrian Miller, Elizebeth L Young, Valarie Tye, Robert Cody, Melody Muscat, Vicki Saunders, Michelle L Smith, Jenni A Judd, Rick Speare
This paper describes two phases of a community-directed intervention to address strongyloidiasis in the remote Aboriginal community of Woorabinda in central Queensland, Australia. The first phase provides the narrative of a community-driven 'treat-and-test' mass drug administration (MDA) intervention that was co-designed by the Community Health Service and the community. The second phase is a description of the re-engagement of the community in order to disseminate the key factors for success in the previous MDA for Strongyloides stercoralis , as this information was not shared or captured in the first phase...
May 4, 2018: Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Gabriela Livas Stein, Alyson M Cavanaugh, Laura Castro-Schilo, Yesenia Mejia, Scott W Plunkett
OBJECTIVES: Familism values serve to provide key cultural scripts in Latinx families, and these values have been associated with positive psychosocial outcomes for Latinx youth (Stein et al., 2014). Yet, how familism values intersect with the experience of positive emotions remains relatively unknown. In particular, familism pride may be an important positive emotion that links familism values to positive psychosocial outcomes. To fill this gap in the literature, the current study developed a measure of familism pride and examined its unique prediction to psychosocial outcomes...
October 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Seeromanie Harding, Christelle Elia, Peiyuan Huang, Chelsea Atherton, Kyla Covey, Gemma O'Donnell, Elizabeth Cole, Manal Almughamisi, Ursula M Read, Alexandru Dregan, Trevor George, Ingrid Wolfe, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Maria Maynard, Louise M Goff, Majella O'Keeffe
Childhood obesity is a common concern across global cities and threatens sustainable urban development. Initiatives to improve nutrition and encourage physical exercise are promising but are yet to exert significant influence on prevention. Childhood obesity in London is associated with distinct ethnic and socio-economic patterns. Ethnic inequalities in health-related behaviour endure, underpinned by inequalities in employment, housing, access to welfare services, and discrimination. Addressing these growing concerns requires a clearer understanding of the socio-cultural, environmental and economic contexts of urban living that promote obesity...
September 27, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Reem M A Shafi, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Paul E Croarkin, Magdalena Romanowicz
Parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based, behavioral dyadic treatment for caregivers and their children aged 2-7 years old with emotional and behavioral disorders. Here we present a treatment course of a 3-years-old girl with leukoencephalopathy, dysgenesis of the brainstem, and associated global developmental delay who was diagnosed with muscular dystrophy after PCIT completion. At the beginning of PCIT she had the developmental level of an 18 months old with language skills of a 12-18 months old; both her vocabulary and verbal expression were very limited...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Luca Salvatore De Santo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Terrence D Hill, Robert Johnson
This study examines the extent to which ethnic identity is a protective factor and buffers the stress of discrimination among the foreign born compared to the U.S. born in Miami-Dade County. Data were drawn from the 2011 Miami-Dade Health Survey (N = 444), which is a countywide probability sample of adults in South Florida. Two interaction effects were observed: (a) a stronger ethnic identity was associated with less distress among the foreign born than the U.S. born; and (b) a stronger ethnic identity exacerbated the relationship between everyday discrimination and distress among the U...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Mira Chikhaoui, Fadhéla Smail, Fouzia Adda
The Barb horse this famous Maghreb horse, symbol of the pride of the Berber peoples It is particularly significant in the Algerian history, tradition and culture. This study consists in establishing the hematologic values specific to the Barb horse in the national stud farm "Chaou-Chaoua" in Tiaret. Algeria. Age of the study animals varied between 1 and 23 years. The effects of age and sex were analyzed by dividing animals into four groups, A (1 - 2 years, n=5), B (3-5 years, n=5), C (5-10 years, n=5) and D (11-23 years, n=5); for females and E (2 - 3 years, n=5), F (5-7, n=5), G (10, n=5) and H (11-25, n=5) for males...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Aafaque Ahmad Khan, Kiran Kumar Mangalaparthi, Jayshree Advani, T S Keshava Prasad, Harsha Gowda, Deepali Jain, Aditi Chatterjee
Lung cancer is the leading cause of preventable death globally and is broadly classified into adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In this study, we carried out mass spectrometry based quantitative proteomic analysis of lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma primary tissue by employing the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) approach. Proteomic data analyzed using SEQUEST algorithm resulted in identification of 25,998 peptides corresponding to 4342 proteins of which 610 proteins were differentially expressed (≥ 2-fold) between adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Niraj Babu, Sonali Mohan, Vishalakshi Nanjappa, Sandip Chavan, Jayshree Advani, Aafaque Ahmed Khan, Santosh Renuse, Aneesha Radhakrishnan, T S Keshava Prasad, Rekha V Kumar, Jay Gopal Ray, Manjusha Biswas, Saravanan Thiyagarajan, Joseph A Califano, David Sidransky, Harsha Gowda, Aditi Chatterjee
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers in India. Despite improvements in treatment strategy, the survival rates of HNSCC patients remain poor. Thus, it is necessary to identify biomarkers that can be used for early detection of disease. In this study, we employed iTRAQ-based quantitative mass spectrometry analysis to identify dysregulated proteins from a panel of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines. We identified 2468 proteins, of which 496 proteins were found to be dysregulated in at least two out of three HNSCC cell lines compared to immortalized normal oral keratinocytes...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Joanna Busza, Ethel Dauya, Memory Makamba, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Community Health Worker (CHW) programmes are increasingly important in HIV service delivery. CHWs' familiarity with the local context can improve intervention acceptability and sustainability but concerns have been raised about potential exploitation and "burnout" of CHWs as they become emotionally involved in clients' lives. Little attention has been paid to what happens at the end of time-limited CHW interventions. This study aimed to examine the experience of CHWs' withdrawal from clients and their families...
September 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Violeta García-Hernández, Carmen Sánchez-Bernal, Domitille Schvartz, José J Calvo, Jean-Charles Sanchez, Jesús Sánchez-Yagüe
The quantitative proteomics data reported here pertain to the research article entitled "A Tandem Mass Tag (TMT) proteomic analysis during the early phase of experimental pancreatitis reveals new insights in the disease pathogenesis" (García-Hernández et al., 2018) [1]. The development of acute pancreatitis (AP, an important pathological inflammatory state of the exocrine pancreas) would be based on early changes in protein expression and signaling pathways whose unmasking would be crucial for deciphering AP at the molecular level...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Crystal Jing Jing Yeo, Gustavo C Román, David Kusnerik, Trevor Burt, Dottie Mersinger, Shaylor Thomas, Timothy Boone, Suzanne Z Powell
Background: Natural disasters take a heavy toll not only on their victims, but also on physicians who suffer vicarious trauma and burnout. New trainees in Houston, from entering PGY1 residents to entering fellows, underwent even more upheaval and stress during Hurricane Harvey. Many responded to calls for volunteer help. Objective: To investigate the impact of Hurricane Harvey on new trainees at our institution, and correlate volunteerism with measures of burnout and resilience. Methodology: Thirty three new trainees out of 90 (43% of population) from all specialties in our institution voluntarily responded to an online survey on the impact of Hurricane Harvey on their lives, whether or not they volunteered and in what form, and answered questions drawing from the abbreviated Maslach burnout survey and Resiliency Quiz...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Shoba Nayar, Valerie A Wright-St Clair
This study sought to uncover the process through which older Chinese, Indian and Korean immigrants residing in Auckland, New Zealand contribute to, and participate in, local community. There is a paucity of literature addressing the everyday activities of older Asian immigrants living in New Zealand. The few studies that do exist focus solely on one ethnic group with little discussion of how community participation occurs. Grounded theory methodology was employed. Focus groups and individual interviews with 76 Chinese, Indian or Korean older immigrants were recorded, transcribed, translated, and analysed using grounded theory methods of dimensional analysis to develop a theory of participation...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Walker Pride, Alexander Smith, Ryan Joseph
Thyroid storm is a rare complication with an estimated incidence ranging from 0.61 to 0.76 cases per 100,000 people. Common causes include intrinsic hyperthyroidism, such as in Grave's disease, infection, surgery, severe emotional stress, and acute trauma to the thyroid gland. Without immediate treatment, mortality is seen in up to 30% of cases. Here, we report a case of a 46-year-old male who presented with a possible food impaction for the past 48 h. The patient developed extreme hypertension, tachycardia, and diaphoresis immediately following rapid sequence intubation (RSI), which, after further work-up, was due to thyroid storm...
September 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Carmen M Mangion
This article interrogates the complicated understanding of sectarianism in institutional cultures in late-nineteenth-century England through an examination of the practice of religion in the daily life of hospital wards in voluntary hospitals. Voluntary hospitals prided themselves on their identity as philanthropic institutions free from sectarian practices. The public accusation of sectarianism against University College Hospital triggered a series of responses that suggests that hospital practices reflected and reinforced an acceptable degree of 'tolerable intolerance'...
October 2018: Medical History
Gili Regev-Yochay, Michal Chowers, Bibiana Chazan, Elisa Gonzalez, Sharon Gray, Zhou Zhang, Michael Pride
BACKGROUND: Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and is a leading cause of hospitalization in previously healthy individuals without predisposing risk factors or comorbidities. In this study we determined PCV13 serotype distribution in adults aged ≥50 years with radiographically confirmed CAP in Israel. METHODS: Subjects aged ≥50 years were enrolled from one of three hospitals (Emek Medical Center, Meir Medical Center and Sheba Medical Center) from March 2014 to July 2015...
September 6, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Gavin B Sullivan
Collective emotions experienced as existing objectively and widely shared challenge traditional views of emotions based on personal or private interests. This paper extends theories of group and crowd emotions focusing on social appraisal, social identity, emotional contagion, and ecstatic nationalism, and adds an interdisciplinary approach to research on international mega-sporting event impacts and legacies by examining the national-level collective emotions produced by a mega-sport event-the 2010 World Cup in South Africa...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Gabrielle Salazar, Morena Mills, Diogo Veríssimo
Social marketing campaigns use marketing techniques to influence human behavior for the greater social good. In conservation, social marketing campaigns have been used to influence behavior for the benefit of biodiversity as well as society. However, there are few evaluations of their effectiveness. We used General Elimination Methodology, a theory-driven qualitative evaluation method, to assess the long-term impacts of a social marketing campaign on human behavior and biodiversity. We evaluated a 1998 Rare Pride Campaign on the island of Bonaire, designed to increase the population of the lora (Amazona barbadensis), a threatened parrot species...
September 4, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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