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Adeoye O Akinola
Pre-colonial Africa prides itself on adherence to diverse cultural affinity and traditional belief systems, which defines the place of women in respect to land access, use and ownership. Land resources continue to play important roles in both agrarian and industrial societies; thus the absence of effective land management and gender construction in land allocations has deepened gender inequality, restricted women's capacity building and agricultural development in Africa. This article explores the impact of traditional African practices and cultural beliefs on women's land ownership and use, and also reconciles women's land rights (access and control) with the realities of land reform in post-colonial Africa...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Lei Wang, Sujun Li, Haixu Tang
Large-scale proteomics projects often generate massive and highly redundant tandem mass spectra(MS/MS). Spectral clustering algorithms can reduce the redundancy in these datasets, and thus speed up database searching for peptide identification, a major bottleneck for proteomic data analysis. The key challenge of spectral clustering is to reduce the redundancy in the MS/MS spectra data, while retaining sufficient sensitivity to identify peptides from the clustered spectra. In this paper, we present the software msCRUSH, which implements a novel spectral clustering algorithm based on the locality sensitive hashing (LSH) technique...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Ellen Hawley McWhirter, Douglas Gomez, Ellen D Rau
OBJECTIVE: Latina/o adolescents have been described as less likely to participate in volunteer and civic activities relative to other youth. The present study elicited Latina/o youths' own views of how they can make a difference in their communities. METHOD: Latina/o high school students (N = 686; one third males; Mage = 16.3, SD = 1.2) responded in writing to the open-ended question, "How do you think that Latina and Latino young people can make a difference in our communities?" Data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
December 3, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Carla Gentile, Emanuela Di Gregorio, Vita Di Stefano, Giuseppe Mannino, Anna Perrone, Giuseppe Avellone, Giuseppe Sortino, Paolo Inglese, Vittorio Farina
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) quality is strongly influenced by genotype but individuating the most appropriate harvesting time is essential to obtain high quality fruits. In this trial we studied the influences of the ripening stage at harvest (mature-ripe or green-ripe) on quality of ready to eat mango fruits from nine cultivars (Carrie, Keitt, Glenn, Manzanillo, Maya, Rosa, Osteen, Tommy Atkins and Kensington Pride) grown in the Mediterranean subtropical climate through physicochemical, nutraceutical, and sensory analysis...
March 30, 2019: Food Chemistry
Candida Halton, Tina Cartwright
Objectives: Evidence suggests that immersive learning increases empathy and understanding of the patient experience of illness. This study evaluated a digital training intervention 'In Their Shoes' which immerses participants in the experience of living with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), highlighting the biopsychosocial impact. The simulation program uses a mobile application to deliver time-based tasks and challenges over 36 h, supplemented with telephone role-play and 'kit' items to open and use. This study investigated changes in IBD understanding and connection to patients, empathy and perception of job value in a group of pharmaceutical employees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Hai-Tao Hou, Xi-Zhang, Jun Wang, Li-Xin Liu, Jian-Feng Zhang, Qin Yang, Guo-Wei He
Patent ductus arteriosus is the third most common congenital heart disease and resulted from the persistence of ductal patency after birth. Ductus arteriosus closure involves functional and structural remodeling, controlled by many factors. The changes in plasma protein levels associated with PDA closure are not known. Here we for the first time demonstrate six key differential plasma proteins in human patent ductus arteriosus patients using proteomic technology and present a model to illustrate the constriction and closure of ductus arteriosus...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Anam Fatima, Asad Abbas, Wan Ming, Samira Hosseini, Demi Zhu
AIMS: This study explores the effects of internal and external factors that encourage plagiarism from the perspective of students. METHODS: We collected student data from five public sector universities in Anhui Province, China, by randomly distributing survey questionnaires to 250 students, 176 of which were usable. We analyzed the collected quantitative data through multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Our research results demonstrate that external and internal factors have a great influence on plagiarism...
November 26, 2018: Accountability in Research
S Hennion, W Szurhaj, E Skrobala, J Davière, L Tyvaert, P Derambure, X Delbeuck
Self-conscious emotions (SCEs) with a negative valence (such as shame and guilt) or a positive valence (such as pride) are moral emotions that emerge from self-reflection and self-evaluation processes in social contexts. In some neurologic and psychiatric disorders, experiences of SCEs are dysregulated. The objectives of the present study were to (i) evaluate whether patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) experience SCEs in the same way as nonclinical (control) participants and (ii) probe the relationships between experiences of SCEs on the one hand and the psychological symptoms frequently diagnosed in patients with TLE (anxiety and depression), the patients' clinical characteristics, and their functional outcomes in everyday life on the other...
November 23, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Andrea Santana de Oliveira, Isabella Inês Rodrigues Rosa, Evandro Novaes, Lucas Silva de Oliveira, Lilian Cristiane Baeza, Clayton Luiz Borges, Lennart Marlinghaus, Célia Maria de Almeida Soares, Marcia Giambiagi-deMarval, Juliana Alves Parente-Rocha
This article presents a proteomic dataset generated from a comparative analysis of the exoproteome of Staphylococcus saprophyticus, ATCC 15305, 7108 and 9325 strains. The extract of secreted proteins were obtained after incubation of stationary phase cells in BHI medium. All samples were submitted to nano-ESI-UPLC-MSE , and the spectrum obtained was processed and analyzed by ProteinLynx Global Server (PLGS), Uniprot and Pedant databases, for identification, annotation and functional classification of proteins...
December 2018: Data in Brief
Juliana Heidler, Lucie Valek, Ilka Wittig, Irmgard Tegeder
Upregulations of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS/NOS1) in the mouse brain upon aging suggest a role in age-associated changes of protein homeostasis. We generated a cell model, in which constitutive expression of nNOS in SH-SY5Y cells at a level comparable to mouse brain replicates the aging phenotype i.e. slowing of cell proliferation, cell enlargement and expression of senescence markers. nNOS+ and MOCK cells were exposed to proteostasis stress by treatment with rapamycin or serum-free starvation. The proteomes were analyzed per SILAC or label-free using hybrid liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS)...
December 2018: Data in Brief
Dylan A Cutler, Alana K Shaw, Sheila M Pride, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Anthony P Cheung
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects between 8 and 18% of women and is the leading cause of female anovulatory infertility. Unfortunately, common treatments for women trying to conceive can be ineffective as well as disruptive or harmful to patients' quality of life. Despite evidence that women with PCOS have expressed the need for alternative fertility treatments, lifestyle interventions incorporating a nutritional plan with supplementation, increased physical activity, and techniques for stress management have not been combined as a program and studied in this population...
November 16, 2018: Trials
Vivian A Dzokoto, Annabella Osei-Tutu, Jane J Kyei, Maxwell Twum-Asante, Dzifa A Attah, Daniel K Ahorsu
Proverbs are widely used by the Akan of West Africa. The current study thematically analyzed an Akan proverb compendium for proverbs containing emotion references. Of the identified proverbs, a focus on negative emotions was most typical. Emotion-focused proverbs highlighted four emotion regulation strategies: change in cognition, response modulation, situation modification, and situation selection. A subset of proverbs addressed emotion display rules restricting the expression of emotions such as pride, and emotional contagion associated with emotions such as shame...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Natalija Skorobogatova, Nida Žemaitienė, Kastytis Šmigelskas, Rasa Tamelienė, Eglė Markūnienė, Dalia Stonienė
Our study aimed to find out the views of nurses working in neonatal intensive care units about the limits of professional competencies and to identify situations where the limits are crossed. Methods: The research employed the focus group method. For this research we had three focus groups with nurses working in neonatal intensive care units. The results of the study were analysed using the thematic analysis described in Braun and Clarke. Results and conclusions: Based on our research findings, it can be stated that the limits of professional competence of nursing staff working in neonatal intensive care units are defined and clear, but nurses often perform actions exceeding their competencies...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Thomas Curran, Andrew P Hill
Perfectionism purportedly bestows vulnerability to distress through an interaction with achievement and interpersonal stress. The authors test this by assessing athletes' perfectionism and subsequent self-conscious emotion following repeated competitive failure. A total of 60 college athletes undertook three 4-min competitive sprint trials on a cycle ergometer and were instructed that they had performed the worst of all competitors on each occasion. Measures of perfectionism (self-oriented and socially prescribed) were taken at baseline and measures of pride, guilt, and shame were taken at baseline and three times following each successive failure...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Krysia N Mossakowski
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are gender differences in the psychological effects of ethnic identity and discrimination in Hawai'i. Using data from an anonymous survey of undergraduate students (N = 1,033) at a university in Hawai'i, regression results revealed that higher levels of ethnic identification were associated with significantly lower levels of depressive symptoms. This association was statistically significant (P < .001), adjusting for gender, age, socioeconomic status, racial/ethnic group, mixed racial/ethnic status, years living in Hawai'i, immigrant status, and discrimination...
November 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Henrietta Bolló, Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Gábor Orosz
Pride is a status-related self-conscious emotion. The present study aimed to investigate the nature of status behind pride in four studies with using the two-facet model of pride, status maintenance strategies and with differentiating subjective social status (SSS) and objective social status (OSS). In Studies 1 and 2, we used questionnaire methods with structural equation modeling (SEM) in order to identify the relationship patterns between SSS, OSS, status maintenance strategies and pride. In Studies 3 and 4, we used vignette method and SEM to identify these links...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Athena Starlard-Davenport, Alisa Rich, Titilope Fasipe, Eboni I Lance, Kehinde Adekola, Ariadna Forray, Mesia Steed, Ashley Fitzgerald, Scharri Walker, Betty S Pace
In this perspective, we describe our experience as women of color scientists from diverse backgrounds and similar struggles embarking upon the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute-funded program called PRIDE (Programs to Increase Diversity among Underrepresented Minorities Engaged in Health-Related Research). Under the leadership of our mentor and friend, Betty Pace, MD, a renowned and successful African American physician-scientist, the PRIDE Program was designed to address the difficulties experienced by junior-level minority investigators in establishing independent research programs and negotiating tenure and full professor status at academic institutions...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
Linda R Stanley, Kathleen J Kelly, Randall C Swaim, Danielle Jackman
American Indian (AI) adolescents living on reservations report much higher substance use rates compared to other youth yet there are few effective prevention interventions developed for them. This paper presents findings from formative research undertaken to guide adaptation for AI youth of a prevention intervention, Be Under Your Own Influence (BUYOI), previously found to be effective in reducing substance use among middle-school youth. We conducted focus groups with 7th graders, the primary target audience, and photovoice with 11th graders, the role models who would help deliver the campaign, to inform surface and deep structure adaptation...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Jason W Stull, Erin Bjorvik, Joshua Bub, Glenda Dvorak, Christine Petersen, Heather L Troyer
A veterinary team's best work can be undone by a breach in infection control, prevention, and biosecurity (ICPB). Such a breach, in the practice or home-care setting, can lead to medical, social, and financial impacts on patients, clients, and staff, as well as damage the reputation of the hospital. To mitigate these negative outcomes, the AAHA ICPB Guidelines Task Force believes that hospital teams should improve upon their current efforts by limiting pathogen exposure from entering or being transmitted throughout the hospital population and using surveillance methods to detect any new entry of a pathogen into the practice...
November 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Stephanie S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: AORN Journal
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