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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627534/assessment-of-the-effects-of-discontinuous-sources-of-contamination-through-biomarker-analyses-on-caged-mussels
#1
A De Los Ríos, B Echavarri-Erasun, M-H Dévier, K Le Menach, H Budzinski, M Ortiz-Zarragoitia, A Orbea, J A Juanes, M P Cajaraville
The present study analysed potential adverse effects of discontinuous sources of contamination, namely the discharge of a combined sewer overflow (CSO) and of runoff in an urban area, the Bay of Santander (North Iberian Peninsula). Water samples and caged mussels were used to analyse concentrations of contaminants and biological responses. Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were transplanted to a marina receiving runoff from a petrol station and to a CSO discharge site. Samples were collected in synchrony with heavy rains along 62days...
September 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916288/anti-apoptotic-and-moderate-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-berberine-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-keratinocytes
#2
Simon Lang, Tanja Popp, Christian Silvester Kriegs, Annette Schmidt, Frank Balszuweit, Georg Menacher, Kai Kehe, Horst Thiermann, Thomas Gudermann, Dirk Steinritz
Skin affections after sulfur mustard (SM) exposure include erythema, blister formation and severe inflammation. An antidote or specific therapy does not exist. Anti-inflammatory compounds as well as substances counteracting SM-induced cell death are under investigation. In this study, we investigated the benzylisoquinoline alkaloide berberine (BER), a metabolite in plants like berberis vulgaris, which is used as herbal pharmaceutical in Asian countries, against SM toxicity using a well-established in vitro approach...
September 1, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850851/suspended-solids-moderate-the-degradation-and-sorption-of-waste-water-derived-pharmaceuticals-in-estuarine-waters
#3
Yann Aminot, Laura Fuster, Patrick Pardon, Karyn Le Menach, Hélène Budzinski
This study focuses on the fate of pharmaceuticals discharged into an estuarine environment, particularly into the Turbidity Maximum Zone (TMZ). Batch experiments were set up to investigate the factors regulating the degradation of 53 selected pharmaceuticals. Treated effluents from Bordeaux city (France) were mixed with water from the estuarine Garonne River during 4weeks under 6 characterized conditions in order to assess the influence of suspended particulates, sterilization, untreated wastewater input and dilution on the degradation kinetics...
January 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417280/recent-tb-transmission-clustering-and-predictors-of-large-clusters-in-london-2010-2012-results-from-first-3-years-of-universal-miru-vntr-strain-typing
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Esther L Hamblion, Arnaud Le Menach, Laura F Anderson, Maeve K Lalor, Tim Brown, Ibrahim Abubakar, Charlotte Anderson, Helen Maguire, Sarah R Anderson
BACKGROUND: The incidence of TB has doubled in the last 20 years in London. A better understanding of risk groups for recent transmission is required to effectively target interventions. We investigated the molecular epidemiological characteristics of TB cases to estimate the proportion of cases due to recent transmission, and identify predictors for belonging to a cluster. METHODS: The study population included all culture-positive TB cases in London residents, notified between January 2010 and December 2012, strain typed using 24-loci multiple interspersed repetitive units-variable number tandem repeats...
August 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773846/thiazole-orange-dimers-in-dna-fluorescent-base-substitutions-with-hybridization-readout
#5
Sina Berndl, Stoichko D Dimitrov, Florian Menacher, Torsten Fiebig, Hans-Achim Wagenknecht
By using (S)-2-amino-1,3-propanediol as a linker, thiazole orange (TO) was incorporated in a dimeric form into DNA. The green fluorescence (λ=530 nm) of the intrastrand TO dimer is quenched, whereas the interstrand TO dimer shows a characteristic redshifted orange emission (λ=585 nm). Steady-state optical spectroscopic methods reveal that the TO dimer fluorescence is independent of the sequential base contexts. Time-resolved pump-probe measurements and excitation spectra reveal the coexistence of conformations, including mainly stacked TO dimers and partially unstacked ones, which yield exciton and excimer contributions to the fluorescence, respectively...
February 12, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26361990/protective-effects-of-the-thiol-compounds-gsh-and-nac-against-sulfur-mustard-toxicity-in-a-human-keratinocyte-cell-line
#6
Frank Balszuweit, Georg Menacher, Annette Schmidt, Kai Kehe, Tanja Popp, Franz Worek, Horst Thiermann, Dirk Steinritz
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical warfare agent causing blistering, inflammation and ulceration of the skin. Thiol compounds such as glutathione (GSH) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) have been suggested as potential antidotes. We investigated SM toxicity in a human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) and used GSH and NAC to counteract its cytotoxic effects. Cells were treated with 1, 5 or 10mM GSH or NAC and exposed to 30, 100 or 300μM SM. Different treatment regimens were applied to model extra- and intra-cellular GSH/NAC effects on SM toxicity...
February 26, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25998726/occurrence-of-pharmaceutical-compounds-and-pesticides-in-aquatic-systems
#7
Maria Gonzalez-Rey, Nathalie Tapie, Karyn Le Menach, Marie-Hélène Dévier, Hélène Budzinski, Maria João Bebianno
This paper deals with the detection and quantification of APIs and other priority substances in the Arade River estuary (Portugal) providing the usefulness of Polar Organic Compound Integrative Samplers (POCIS). Thirteen APIs were detected whose variation was site and time dependent. Caffeine was at the highest concentration (804±209 ng/L) followed by theophylline (184±44 ng/L). Other APIs were analgesic, anticonvulsant, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-lipidemic, anxiolytic and antidepressants...
July 15, 2015: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25521307/time-place-and-people-composition-of-the-epiet-alumni-network-and-its-contribution-to-the-european-public-health-resource-in-2013
#8
L Pezzoli, M Keramarou, G Ladbury, G Jaramillo-Gutierrez, C J Williams, A Le Menach
The EPIET Alumni Network (EAN) is an association of professionals who have completed field epidemiology or public health microbiology training programmes in the European Union. In 2013, we conducted a survey of EAN members to investigate this network's role within European public health. We distributed an online questionnaire to members registered at the time, collecting data on demographics, professional background, and attitudes towards EAN. Out of 362 registered members, 189 (52%) responded; 97% were from Europe; 65% were female...
September 2015: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25175355/influence-of-sediment-composition-on-pah-toxicity-using-zebrafish-danio-rerio-and-japanese-medaka-oryzias-latipes-embryo-larval-assays
#9
Prescilla Perrichon, Florane Le Bihanic, Paco Bustamante, Karyn Le Menach, Hélène Budzinski, Jérôme Cachot, Xavier Cousin
Due to hydrophobic and persistent properties, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have a high capacity to accumulate in sediment. Sediment quality criteria, for the assessment of habitat quality and risk for aquatic life, include understanding the fate and effects of PAHs. In the context of European regulation (REACH and Water Framework Directive), the first objective was to assess the influence of sediment composition on the toxicity of two model PAHs, benzo[a]pyrene and fluoranthene using 10-day zebrafish embryo-larval assay...
December 2014: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24756688/transcriptional-responses-and-embryotoxic-effects-induced-by-pyrene-and-methylpyrene-in-japanese-medaka-oryzias-latipes-early-life-stages-exposed-to-spiked-sediments
#10
Iris Barjhoux, Jérôme Cachot, Patrice Gonzalez, Hélène Budzinski, Karyn Le Menach, Laure Landi, Bénédicte Morin, Magalie Baudrimont
Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos were exposed to sediments spiked with environmental concentrations (300 and 3,000 ng/g dry weight) of pyrene (Pyr) and methylpyrene (MePyr) throughout their development. Embryotoxicity, teratogenicity, and transcriptional responses (qRT-PCR) were analyzed in embryos and newly hatched larvae. The genotoxicity of the two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was also tested in prolarvae using the comet assay. Exposure to each compound had a clear impact on embryonic development and resulted in several teratogenic effects, including cardiovascular injuries, reduced absorption of yolk sac reserves, and jaw and spinal deformities...
December 2014: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24440207/increased-measles-mumps-rubella-mmr-vaccine-uptake-in-the-context-of-a-targeted-immunisation-campaign-during-a-measles-outbreak-in-a-vaccine-reluctant-community-in-england
#11
Arnaud Le Menach, Naomi Boxall, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Liz Maddock, Sooria Balasegaram, Miranda Mindlin
BACKGROUND: Following a measles outbreak in a vaccine-rejecting community between April and September 2011 in South-East England, local health agencies implemented a two-pronged measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunisation campaign from August to October offered at the local general practice where most cases were registered. The campaign included (a) accelerated vaccination of children earlier than scheduled (1st dose at 6-11 months, or 2nd dose at 18-39 months), (b) catch-up of those aged over 18 months who had had no MMR immunisations or were late for second MMR...
February 26, 2014: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24356220/development-of-solid-phase-microextraction-to-study-dissolved-organic-matter-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-interactions-in-aquatic-environment
#12
Chloé de Perre, Karyn Le Ménach, Fabienne Ibalot, Edith Parlanti, Hélène Budzinski
Solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) was developed for the study of interactions between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and dissolved organic matter (DOM). After the determination of the best conditions of extraction, the tool was applied to spiked water to calculate the dissolved organic carbon water distribution coefficient (K(DOC)) in presence of different mixtures of PAHs and Aldrich humic acid. The use of deuterated naphthalene as internal standard for freely dissolved PAH quantification was shown to provide more accuracy than regular external calibration...
January 7, 2014: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24348223/heterogeneity-mixing-and-the-spatial-scales-of-mosquito-borne-pathogen-transmission
#13
T Alex Perkins, Thomas W Scott, Arnaud Le Menach, David L Smith
The Ross-Macdonald model has dominated theory for mosquito-borne pathogen transmission dynamics and control for over a century. The model, like many other basic population models, makes the mathematically convenient assumption that populations are well mixed; i.e., that each mosquito is equally likely to bite any vertebrate host. This assumption raises questions about the validity and utility of current theory because it is in conflict with preponderant empirical evidence that transmission is heterogeneous...
2013: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23672954/duration-of-shedding-of-verocytotoxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-children-and-risk-of-transmission-in-childcare-facilities-in-england
#14
G Dabke, A Le Menach, A Black, J Gamblin, M Palmer, N Boxall, L Booth
Exclusion of children with presumptive Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) from childcare facilities until negative stool specimens are obtained is routine practice that disrupts families. We estimated the shedding and exclusion duration and transmission risk in such facilities. The study population comprised 225 children aged <6 years attending 201 childcare facilities in England with microbiologically confirmed VTEC in 2010-2011. We estimated the interval from onset to first negative specimen, and identified transmission events with secondary cases linked to facilities...
February 2014: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22405722/detection-of-early-effects-of-a-single-herbicide-diuron-and-a-mix-of-herbicides-and-pharmaceuticals-diuron-isoproturon-ibuprofen-on-immunological-parameters-of-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-spat
#15
A Luna-Acosta, T Renault, H Thomas-Guyon, N Faury, D Saulnier, H Budzinski, K Le Menach, P Pardon, I Fruitier-Arnaudin, P Bustamante
In the context of massive summer mortality events of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the aim of this study was to investigate the early effects on genes, enzymes and haemocyte parameters implicated in immune defence mechanisms in C. gigas oysters exposed to a potentially hostile environment, i.e. to an herbicide alone or within a mixture. Following 2 h of exposure to the herbicide diuron at 1 μg L(-1), the repression of different genes implicated in immune defence mechanisms in the haemocytes and the inhibition of enzyme activities, such as laccase-type phenoloxidase (PO) in the plasma, were observed...
June 2012: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22355611/travel-risk-malaria-importation-and-malaria-transmission-in-zanzibar
#16
Arnaud Le Menach, Andrew J Tatem, Justin M Cohen, Simon I Hay, Heather Randell, Anand P Patil, David L Smith
The prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Zanzibar has reached historic lows. Improving control requires quantifying malaria importation rates, identifying high-risk travelers, and assessing onwards transmission.Estimates of Zanzibar's importation rate were calculated through two independent methodologies. First, mobile phone usage data and ferry traffic between Zanzibar and mainland Tanzania were re-analyzed using a model of heterogeneous travel risk. Second, a dynamic mathematical model of importation and transmission rates was used...
2011: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21977669/passive-samplers-for-chemical-substance-monitoring-and-associated-toxicity-assessment-in-water
#17
N Tapie, M H Devier, C Soulier, N Creusot, K Le Menach, S Aït-Aïssa, B Vrana, H Budzinski
The European legislation, and in particular the Water Framework Directive requires the development of cost efficient monitoring tools that can provide the required information for the assessment of water contamination. Passive sampling methods represent one of the novel tools that have a potential to be used in various regulatory monitoring programmes aimed at assessing the levels of chemical pollutants. These methods are particularly interesting for sampling polar organic pollutants in water because they provide representative information of the water quality over extended time periods (days to weeks) in environments with fluctuating contaminant concentrations...
2011: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20862824/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-for-liver-tumors
#18
Yariv Salit, Arie Bitterman, Oleg Lefel, Dorit Eisenberg, Arieh Eden, Menache Barzelai, Mariana Steiner, Eli Zuckerman, Riad Haddad
BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment for liver tumors, whether metastatic or hepatic in origin, traditionally used the open approach through large incisions. In recent years the laparoscopic approach became popular but few centers use this method routinely. OBJECTIVES: To assess the results of our initial experience with liver resection using the laparoscopic approach, in terms of patient safety and oncologic surgical outcome. METHODS: Between August 2007 and April 2008 we performed 10 liver resections in 9 patients using the hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery technique...
July 2010: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20477838/neuroimaging-in-childhood-arterial-ischaemic-stroke-evaluation-of-imaging-modalities-and-aetiologies
#19
Sarah Buerki, Katja Roellin, Luca Remonda, Danielle Gubser Mercati, Pierre-Yves Jeannet, Elmar Keller, Juerg Luetschg, Caroline Menache, Gian Paolo Ramelli, Thomas Schmitt-Mechelke, Markus Weissert, Eugen Boltshauser, Maja Steinlin
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe neuroimaging patterns associated with arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS) in childhood and to differentiate them according to stroke aetiology. METHOD: Clinical and neuroimaging (acute and follow-up) findings were analysed prospectively in 79 children (48 males, 31 females) aged 2 months to 15 years 8 months (median 5 y 3 mo) at the time of stroke by the Swiss Neuropaediatric Stroke Registry from 2000 to 2006. RESULTS: Stroke was confirmed in the acute period in 36 out of 41 children who underwent computed tomography, in 53 of 57 who underwent T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and in all 48 children who underwent diffusion-weighted MRI...
November 2010: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20417553/relationship-between-pah-biotransformation-as-measured-by-biliary-metabolites-and-erod-activity-and-genotoxicity-in-juveniles-of-sole-solea-solea
#20
N Wessel, R Santos, D Menard, K Le Menach, V Buchet, N Lebayon, V Loizeau, T Burgeot, H Budzinski, F Akcha
Polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous contaminants in the marine environment. Their toxicity is mainly linked to the ability of marine species to biotransform them into reactive metabolites. PAHs are thus often detected at trace levels in animal tissues. For biomonitoring purposes, this findings have two main consequences, (i) the determination of the PAH tissue concentration is not suitable for the evaluation of individual exposure to PAHs (ii) it can explain sometimes the lack of correlations obtained with relevant markers of toxicity such as genotoxicity biomarkers...
2010: Marine Environmental Research
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