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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909769/evaluation-of-131-i-scintigraphy-and-stimulated-thyroglobulin-levels-in-the-follow-up-of-patients-with-dtc-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1420-patients
#1
Jose Manuel Gonzalez Carvalho, Dennis Görlich, Otmar Schober, Christian Wenning, Burkhard Riemann, Frederik Anton Verburg, Alexis Vrachimis
AIM: To study the clinical yield of diagnostic whole body (131)I scintigraphy (DxWBS) in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients in relation to stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) in the initial post-ablation setting, as well as in the setting of repeated monitoring in course of further DTC follow-up. METHODS: Data of 1420 thyroidectomized and radioiodine remnant-ablated DTC patients following a well-defined therapy and standardized follow-up protocol were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907129/meningococcal-carriage-in-military-recruits-and-university-students-during-the-pre-menb-vaccination-era-in-greece-2014-2015
#2
Kyriaki Tryfinopoulou, Konstantinos Kesanopoulos, Athanasia Xirogianni, Nektarios Marmaras, Anastasia Papandreou, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Maria Tsolia, Aftab Jasir, Georgina Tzanakaki
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to estimate the meningococcal carriage rate and to identify the genotypic characteristics of the strains isolated from healthy military recruits and university students in order to provide data that might increase our understanding on the epidemiology of meningococcus and obtain information which helps to evaluate the potential effects on control programs such as vaccination. METHODS: A total of 1420 oropharyngeal single swab samples were collected from military recruits and university students on voluntary basis, aged 18-26 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884414/low-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2011
#3
Jeong-Hyeon Kim, Yong Soon Park
Little is known about the relationship between low muscle mass (LMM) and metabolic risk factors in adolescents. We hypothesized that LMM in adolescents is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Korean adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 1420 participants (749 males and 671 females), aged 12 to 19 years, who participated in the 2009-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass was divided by body weight, and any value below the lower quintile of the study population, according to each age and sex category, was considered to represent LMM...
November 3, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881424/temporal-reduction-in-chronotropic-index-predicts-risk-of-cardiovascular-death-among-healthy-middle-aged-men-a-28-year-follow-up-study
#4
Kristian Engeseth, Christian Hodnesdal, Irene Grundvold, Knut Liestøl, Knut Gjesdal, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Jan E Erikssen, Johan Bodegard, Per Torger Skretteberg
BACKGROUND: Chronotropic index is a standardized measure of heart rate (HR) increment during exercise that reflects the combined effects of age, resting HR, and physical fitness. Low chronotropic index has been reported to predict disease and death. We tested whether temporal change in chronotropic index over 7 years influenced risk of cardiovascular death through up to 28 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chronotropic index was calculated ([achieved maximal HR-resting HR]/[age-predicted maximal HR-resting HR]) after a symptom-limited bicycle ECG exercise test in 1420 healthy men at 2 examinations 7 years apart, in 1972 and 1979...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851056/1420-evaluating-the-clinically-valid-upper-limit-of-pulmonary-vascular-permeability-index-in-septic-shock
#5
Kazuaki Shigemitsu, Hiroshi Rinka, Takaya Morooka, Junichi Ishikawa, Akihiro Fuke, Hideki Arimoto, Toshinori Miyaichi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847419/certain-hormonal-profiles-of-postpartum-anestrus-jersey-crossbred-cows-treated-with-controlled-internal-drug-release-and-ovsynch-protocol
#6
Dayanidhi Jena, S Das, B K Patra, S S Biswal, D N Mohanty, P Samal
AIM: The study was conducted to determine the serum levels of certain hormones in post-partum anestrus cows following treatment with controlled internal drug release (CIDR) and Ovsynch protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 postpartum anestrus cows were divided into three equal groups after thorough gynecoclinical examination. The Group 1 animals received an intravaginal progesterone device on day 0 and 2 ml of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) on day of CIDR removal (7(th) day), Group 2 cows were treated with ovsynch protocol (gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH]-PGF2α-GnRH) on day 0, 7 and 9, respectively, and Group 3 cows were supplemented with mineral mixture and treated as control...
October 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822404/evolution-of-technology-in-teaching-blackboard-and-beyond-in-medical-education
#7
REVIEW
Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Susirith Mendis, Lisha Jenny John, Nisha Shanthakumari, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Rizwana B Shaikh
TEACHING AND LEARNING: the passing of knowledge from one generation to another - has been in existence from the earliest times of human civilization. It began in 1801, with a large piece of slate hung on the wall in a school in Scotland to provide information to a large audience at one time. In the US by mid-19th century, every class room had a blackboard to teach students. The modern version of the blackboard is either green or brown board. This was introduced in late 1960s. The whiteboards came into use during the late 1980s...
October 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819844/sociodemographic-characteristics-cognitive-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-referred-to-memory-assessment-services-in-england
#8
Min Hae Park, Sarah C Smith, Jenny Neuburger, Theopisti Chrysanthaki, A A Jolijn Hendriks, Nick Black
National policy in England is to encourage referral of people with suspected dementia to Memory Assessment Services (MAS). However, little is known about the characteristics of new referrals, which limits our capacity to evaluate these services. The objectives were to: describe the characteristics (age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic deprivation, and comorbidity) of referred patients, and examine the relationships between these characteristics and cognitive function (tertiles of Mini-Mental State Examination score) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) (DEMQOL, DEMQOL-Proxy)...
November 4, 2016: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770633/polymer-fiber-based-models-of-connective-tissue-repair-and-healing
#9
Nancy M Lee, Cevat Erisken, Thomas Iskratsch, Michael Sheetz, William N Levine, Helen H Lu
Physiologically relevant models of wound healing are essential for understanding the biology of connective tissue repair and healing. They can also be used to identify key cellular processes and matrix characteristics critical for the design of soft tissue grafts. Modeling the various stages of repair post tendon injury, polymer meshes of varying fiber diameter (nano-1 (390 nm) < nano-2 (740 nm) < micro (1420 nm)) were produced. Alignment was also introduced in the nano-2 group to model matrix undergoing biological healing rather than scar formation...
October 12, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765077/geographic-distribution-large-scale-spatial-structure-and-diversity-of-parasitoids-of-the-seed-feeding-beetle-acanthoscelides-macrophthalmus
#10
A Wood, E B Haga, V A Costa, M N Rossi
Bruchine beetles are highly host-specific seed feeders during the larval stage. Although some specific parasitoid families have been recorded attacking bruchine beetles, most studies have been done at small spatial scales. Therefore, the current knowledge about the diversity and the geographic distribution of parasitoid species parasitizing bruchines is scarce, especially at a wide geographic area that extends over large distances through a latitudinal cline (i.e. large-scale spatial structure). The present study determined the species richness and evenness of parasitoids attacking the bruchine beetle Acanthoscelides macrophthalmus feeding on Leucaena leucocephala seeds, examined their geographic distribution, and characterized the large-scale spatial structure in parasitoid species composition...
October 21, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763798/a-negative-view-of-menopause-does-the-type-of-symptom-matter
#11
R Sood, C Kuhle, E Kapoor, J Rullo, J Thielen, K Frohmader, K Mara, D Schroeder, S Faubion
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between the type of symptom and women's self-reported view of menopause. METHODS: The study was conducted at Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN, between January 2006 and October 2014. Women aged 40-64 were included. Data from 1420 women were analyzed in a cross-sectional design. The Menopause Health Questionnaire was used for symptom assessment. Odds ratios (ORs) and population attributable risk (PAR) (OR × percent frequency) were calculated for each symptom...
October 20, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688271/comparison-of-vector-efficiency-of-ixodes-scapularis-acari-ixodidae-from-the-northeast-and-upper-midwest-of-the-united-states-for-the-lyme-disease-spirochete-borrelia-mayonii
#12
Lars Eisen, Nicole E Breuner, Andrias Hojgaard, J Charles Hoxmeier, Mark A Pilgard, Adam J Replogle, Brad J Biggerstaff, Marc C Dolan
Borrelia mayonii, a recently recognized species within the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, has been detected in host-seeking Ixodes scapularis Say ticks and found to be associated with Lyme disease in the Upper Midwest. This spirochete has, to date, not been documented from the Northeast, but we previously demonstrated that I. scapularis ticks originating from Connecticut are capable of serving as a vector of B. mayonii In this follow-up study, we compared the vector efficiency for B. mayonii (strain MN14-1420) of I...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669081/intersystem-crossing-in-diplatinum-complexes
#13
Yan Choi Lam, Harry B Gray, Jay R Winkler
Intersystem crossing (ISC) in solid [(C4H9)4N]4[Pt2(μ-P2O5(BF2)2)4], abbreviated Pt(pop-BF2), is remarkably slow for a third-row transition metal complex, ranging from τISC ≈ 0.9 ns at 310 K to τISC ≈ 29 ns below 100 K. A classical model based on Boltzmann population of one temperature-independent and two thermally activated pathways was previously employed to account for the ISC rate behavior. An alternative we prefer is to treat Pt(pop-BF2) ISC quantum mechanically, using expressions for multiphonon radiationless transitions...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641758/gene-expression-profiling-of-cd8-t-cells-induced-by-ovarian-cancer-cells-suggests-a-possible-mechanism-for-cd8-treg-cell-production
#14
Meng Wu, Jianfang Lou, Shuping Zhang, Xian Chen, Lei Huang, Ruihong Sun, Peijun Huang, Shiyang Pan, Fang Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate a possible mechanism of CD8(+) regulatory T-cell (Treg) production in an ovarian cancer (OC) microenvironment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Agilent microarray was used to detect changes in gene expression between CD8(+) T cells cultured with and without the SKOV3 ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line. QRT-PCR was performed to determine glycolysis gene expression in CD8(+) T cells from a transwell culturing system and OC patients...
September 19, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605387/genotype-%C3%A2-mtbdrsl-assay-for-resistance-to-second-line-anti-tuberculosis-drugs
#15
Grant Theron, Jonny Peter, Marty Richardson, Rob Warren, Keertan Dheda, Karen R Steingart
BACKGROUND: Genotype® MTBDRsl (MTBDRsl) is a rapid DNA-based test for detecting specific mutations associated with resistance to fluoroquinolones and second-line injectable drugs (SLIDs) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. MTBDRsl version 2.0 (released in 2015) identifies the mutations detected by version 1.0, as well as additional mutations. The test may be performed on a culture isolate or a patient specimen, which eliminates delays associated with culture. Version 1.0 requires a smear-positive specimen, while version 2...
September 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588280/inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-for-very-large-macular-hole
#16
Mitali Khodani, Pooja Bansal, Raja Narayanan, Jay Chhablani
AIM: To assess the anatomical and visual outcome of idiopathic macular holes greater than 1000 µm using the inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 5 eyes of 5 patients with idiopathic macular hole with base diameter greater than 1000 µm who underwent inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique along with standard 23G pars plans vitrectomy with posterior hyaloid detachment and fluid gas exchange with 12%-14% perfluoropropane (C3F8)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587930/prevalence-awareness-and-reporting-of-symptoms-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-among-hospitalized-adult-patients-in-nigeria-a-multicenter-study
#17
Olufemi Desalu, Cajetan Onyedum, Emmanuel Sanya, Joseph Fadare, Adekunle Adeoti, Fatai Salawu, Rotimi Oluyombo, Micheal Olamoyegun, Micheal Fawale, Babajide Gbadegesin, Hamzat Bello
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea is the most common form of sleep-disordered breathing in adults and children. It is associated with many adverse health consequences. The objectives this study were to determine the prevalence, awareness and reporting of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea among hospitalized adult patients in Nigeria. METHODS: This was a multicenter cross-sectional study involving 1420 adult patients admitted to general medical and surgical wards of selected hospitals from March to April 2013...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558626/borrelia-mayonii-sp-nov-a-member-of-the-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-complex-detected-in-patients-and-ticks-in-the-upper-midwestern-united-states
#18
Bobbi S Pritt, Laurel B Respicio-Kingry, Lynne M Sloan, Martin E Schriefer, Adam J Replogle, Jenna Bjork, Gongping Liu, Luke C Kingry, Paul S Mead, David F Neitzel, Elizabeth Schiffman, Diep K Hoang Johnson, Jeffrey P Davis, Susan M Paskewitz, David Boxrud, Alecia Deedon, Xia Lee, Tracy K Miller, Michelle A Feist, Christopher R Steward, Elitza S Theel, Robin Patel, Cole L Irish, Jeannine M Petersen
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a multisystem disease caused by spirochetes in the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) genospecies complex. We previously described a novel Borrelia species (type strain MN14-1420T) that causes LB among patients with exposures to ticks in the upper midwestern United States. Patients infected with the novel species demonstrated high levels of spirochetemia and differing clinical symptoms as compared to other Bbsl genospecies. The organism was detected from human specimens using polymerase chain reaction, microscopy, serology and culture...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549191/insight-on-the-larval-habitat-of-afrotropical-culicoides-latreille-diptera-ceratopogonidae-in-the-niayes-area-of-senegal-west-africa
#19
Mame T Bakhoum, Assane G Fall, Moussa Fall, Chiavaroli K Bassene, Thierry Baldet, Momar T Seck, Jérémy Bouyer, Claire Garros, Geoffrey Gimonneau
BACKGROUND: Certain biting midges species of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of virus to livestock worldwide. Culicoides larval ecology has remained overlooked because of difficulties to identify breeding sites, methodological constraints to collect samples and lack of morphological tools to identify field-collected individuals to the species level. After the 2007 unforeseen outbreaks of African horse sickness virus (AHSV) in Senegal (West Africa), there is a need to identify suitable and productive larval habitats in horse farms for the main Culicoides species to evaluate the implementation of vector control measures or preventive actions...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542944/determinants-of-parents-decisions-on-childhood-immunisations-at-kumasi-metropolis-in-ghana
#20
Doris Hagan, Deliwe R Phethlu
OBJECTIVE: To describe factors that influence parents' decisions on childhood immunisations at Kumasi Metropolis in Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A sample of 303 parents was obtained from a monthly accessible population of 1420 individuals from the five district hospitals through convenience sampling of respondents at immunisation sessions in Kumasi. Data obtained from the survey were analysed with SPSS version 21 software...
2016: Curationis
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