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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207655/internally-randomized-control-trial-of-radiation-exposure-using-ultra-low-radiation-imaging-versus-traditional-c-arm-fluoroscopy-for-patients-undergoing-single-level-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#1
Timothy Y Wang, S Harrison Farber, Scott S Perkins, Adam G Back, Sarah A Byrd, Debbie Chi, David Vincent, Isaac O Karikari
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To compare radiation exposure between ultra-low radiation imaging (ULRI) with image enhancement and standard-dose fluoroscopy for patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although the benefits of MIS are lauded by many, there is a significant amount of radiation exposure to surgeon and operating room personnel...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196569/reflections-on-an-innovative-approach-to-studying-abroad-in-nursing
#2
Nancy Napolitano, Karen V Duhamel
Nursing students are largely excluded from travel-abroad studies because of demanding curricula, lack of time, and cost. A poll was conducted and distributed to bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) and master of science in nursing (MSN) students who participated in 8-day observational trips. Questions were framed around the themes of cultural awareness, global health care perspective, translating theory into practice, and personal and professional growth. The results were compared with traditional long-term study-abroad outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186925/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-methodology-and-quality-of-evidence-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-traditional-chinese-medical-nursing-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#3
Ying-Hui Jin, Guo-Hao Wang, Yi-Rong Sun, Qi Li, Chen Zhao, Ge Li, Jin-Hua Si, Yan Li, Cui Lu, Hong-Cai Shang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and quality of evidence of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of traditional Chinese medical nursing (TCMN) interventions in Chinese journals. These interventions include acupressure, massage, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, electroacupuncture and use of Chinese herbal medicines-for example, in enemas, foot massage and compressing the umbilicus. DESIGN: A systematic literature search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of TCMN interventions was performed...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#4
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181218/collaborative-hiv-care-in-primary-health-care-nurses-views
#5
R N Ngunyulu, M D Peu, F M Mulaudzi, M L S Mataboge, S S Phiri
BACKGROUND: Collaborative HIV care between the nurses and traditional health practitioners is an important strategy to improve health care of people living with HIV. AIM: To explore and describe the views of nurses regarding collaborative HIV care in primary healthcare services in the City of Tshwane, South Africa. METHOD: A qualitative, descriptive design was used to explore and describe the views of nurses who met the study's inclusion criteria...
February 9, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167466/the-curative-effect-analysis-and-nursing-measures-of-the-transvaginal-myomectomy-and-transabdominal-myomectomy
#6
Lingping Meng, Wanxia Li
To analyze the curative effects of the transvaginal myomectomy (TVM) and the traditional transabdominal myomectomy (TAM). The group with traditional TAM received routine preoperative nursing guidance and postoperative care. While the group with TVM received preoperative strengthened psychological care, vaginal preparation and postoperative strengthened vagina nursing, paying attention to the prevention and treatment of complications, and maintaining effective pelvic draining and other nursing measures. After that, the statistical processing and analysis were used to compared the intraoperative blood loss, operating time, postoperative infusion time, hospitalization time, postoperative eating, postoperative ambulation, the usage rate of postoperative analgesic, postoperative morbidity and postoperative complications between the two groups Comparison between TVM group and TAM group showed that the difference of the operating time, postoperative infusion time, hospitalization time, postoperative eating, postoperative ambulation, the usage rate of postoperative analgesic, postoperative morbidity and postoperative complications between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166880/repositioning-a-passive-patient-in-bed-choosing-an-ergonomically-advantageous-assistive-device
#7
Chava Weiner, Leonid Kalichman, Joseph Ribak, Deborah Alperovitch-Najenson
Repositioning of passive patients in bed creates health risks to the nursing personnel. Therefore, appropriate assistive devices should be used. Our aim was to find the optimal assistive device for reducing musculoskeletal load while moving a passive patient in bed. Torso kinematic inputs evaluated by the Lumbar Motion Monitor (LMM) and perceived load (Borg scale) were measured in female nurses performing 27 patient transfers [represented by a mannequin weighing 55 (12 nurses), 65 (24 nurses) and 75 kg (12 nurses) in bed] using a regular sheet, a sliding sheet and a carrier...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160371/effect-of-immersive-workplace-experience-on-undergraduate-nurses-mental-health-clinical-confidence
#8
Christopher Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan, Benjamin Lee-Bates
Preregistration education needs to ensure that student nurses are properly trained with the required skills and knowledge, and have the confidence to work with people who have a mental illness. With increased attention on non-traditional mental health clinical placements, further research is required to determine the effects of non-traditional mental health clinical placements on mental health clinical confidence. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of a non-traditional mental health clinical placement on mental health nursing clinical confidence compared to nursing students undergoing traditional clinical placements...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157644/the-future-for-follow-up-of-gynaecological-cancer-in-europe-summary-of-available-data-and-overview-of-ongoing-trials
#9
REVIEW
S C Leeson, K Beaver, N P M Ezendam, R Mačuks, P L Martin-Hirsch, T Miles, M M Jeppesen, P T Jensen, P Zola
After completing treatment, most patients follow a pre-determined schedule of regular hospital outpatient appointments, which includes clinical examinations, consultations and routine tests. After several years of surveillance, patients are transferred back to primary care. However, there is limited evidence to support the effectiveness and efficiency of this approach. This paper examines the current rationale and evidence base for hospital-based follow-up after treatment for gynaecological cancer. We investigate what alternative models of care have been formally evaluated and what research is currently in progress in Europe, in order to make tentative recommendations for a model of follow-up...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156646/results-from-a-train-the-trainer-communication-program-for-oncology-nurses
#10
Betty R Ferrell, Jo Hanson, Susan Eggly
: 26 Background: Oncology nurses working across the cancer continuum need communication tools in order to navigate between oncology and palliative care for the benefit of patients and their families. An evidence-based communication training course funded by the National Cancer Institute and identified by the acronym COMFORT was provided to 187 oncology nurses across the nation. Launched in 2015, it is the first train-the-trainer communication training course for nurses and addresses communication across the cancer continuum...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156579/snapshot-of-an-outpatient-supportive-care-center-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#11
Maxine Grace De la Cruz, Angelique Wong, Debra Castro, Eduardo Bruera
: 145 Background: Integration of Palliative Care (PC) in oncology has been found to improve symptom distress, quality of life and survival in patients with advanced cancer. Early integration is most appropriate in the outpatient (OP) setting. However, most PC services in the U.S. do not have an OP component. Our study aims to provide a snapshot of the type of patients that are referred to this novel setting for the delivery of early PC. METHODS: We reviewed a day in the SCC to illustrate the structure and process involved in the delivery of outpatient PC...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152746/preoperative-triage-and-multidisciplinary-consultation-for-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-pilot-study-between-surgery-and-medical-oncology
#12
Christine E Simmons, Maryam Eslami, Caroline Illmann, Rebecca Warburton, Elaine McKevitt
: 208 Background: Breast cancer management has become exceedingly collaborative across specialties. Preoperative multidisciplinary input in particular is increasingly needed as indications for neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) continue to expand. In British Columbia, as in many other regions, breast cancer surgery is typically performed by community surgeons working in settings away from medical and radiation oncologists, making preoperative multidisciplinary input challenging. METHODS: This prospective pilot study was designed to enhance and streamline preoperative breast cancer care at the BC Cancer Agency Vancouver Centre (BCCA) and Mount Saint Joseph's Hospital (MSJ)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151072/dismantling-the-man-made-myths-upholding-female-genital-mutilation
#13
Ismael Jiménez Ruiz, Pilar Almansa Martínez, Carolina Alcón Belchí
FGM is internationally considered an affront on human rights and an act of violence against women and young girls. Furthermore, it hierarchizes and perpetuates inequality and denies women and girls the right to physical and psychosexual integrity. The aim of this study is to detect the weak points and false premises underlying male justification of FGM and to present demythologization as a health education tool. We used a qualitative methodology with an ethonursing focus via semi-structured individual and group interviews in 25 men associated with FGM...
February 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142097/a-peer-learning-intervention-for-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-education-a-quasi-experimental-study
#14
Ylva Pålsson, Gunilla Mårtensson, Christine Leo Swenne, Eva Ädel, Maria Engström
BACKGROUND: Studies of peer learning indicate that the model enables students to practice skills useful in their future profession, such as communication, cooperation, reflection and independence. However, so far most studies have used a qualitative approach and none have used a quasi-experimental design to study effects of nursing students' peer learning in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of peer learning in clinical practice education on nursing students' self-rated performance...
January 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133887/pierre-bourdieu-expanding-the-scope-of-nursing-research-and%C3%A2-practice
#15
Stuart Nairn, David Pinnock
Bourdieu is an important thinker within the sociological tradition and has a philosophically sophisticated approach to theoretical knowledge and research practice. In this paper, we examine the implication of his work for nursing and the health sciences more broadly. We argue that his work is best described as a reflexive realist who provides a space for a nonpositivist approach to knowledge that does not fall into the trap of idealism or relativism. We emphasize that Bourdieu was not an abstract theorist, but only utilized theories to understand and explain the social world in all its empirical complexity...
January 30, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132620/development-of-a-skill-mix-and-study-planning-tool-for-research-teams
#16
Paula Tacchi
There are various tools available in acute and primary care settings to support decision making about safe-staffing levels. Calculating safe staffing levels is about more than just the number of people on duty. It must reflect skill mix and tasks, and this is more complex outside traditional nursing roles. It is essential that research nurses, who work in multidisciplinary teams collecting the evidence that underpins safe and effective healthcare, are equipped to practise safely, but staffing level tools do not take their unique roles into account...
January 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132547/student-nurse-preferences-for-their-first-clinical-experience-a-thematic-analysis
#17
Mark Gillespie
Shifts in demographic profiles and in the understanding of how to best deliver health care have seen nurses increasingly caring for non-acute client groups outside traditional clinical settings. Evidence suggests that this does not always sit well with nurses, or with nurses in training. This study sought to investigate the influences on student nurse perceptions of the worth of working with various client groups. Thematic analysis of a focus group discussion led to the identification of several themes suggesting that unhelpful opinions are present in some students on entry to the programme; however, programme-related influences also contribute towards unhelpful attitudes...
January 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131150/using-simulation-in-nursing-phd-education-facilitating-application-of-responsible-conduct-of-research-principles
#18
Margaret F Clayton, Katherine Supiano, Rebecca Wilson, Madeline Lassche, Gwen Latendresse
Simulation is a standard clinical nursing educational approach; however, simulation is rarely used in nonclinical nursing education. In doctor of philosophy (PhD) programs, ethical content about responsible conduct of research (RCR) is traditionally didactic, presented early in the program of study. Ethics content merits review before students begin the dissertation phase; thus, the purpose of this project was to design and implement simulated scenarios to help students apply RCR principles prior to beginning independent research...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131147/expanding-capacity-with-an-accelerated-on-line-bsn-program
#19
Marie Kelly Lindley, Regina Ashwill, Daisha J Cipher, Mary E Mancini
: Colleges of nursing are challenged to identify innovative, efficient, and effective mechanisms to expand enrollment in prelicensure programs. This objective of this project was to identify whether a prelicensure nursing program that is both accelerated and on-line is as effective as a traditional face-to-face program, in terms of graduation rates and National Council Licensure Exam pass rates. METHOD: This analysis of 1,064 students compared demographic and outcomes data between students in a state university's college of nursing who were enrolled in an accelerated, fully on-line bachelors of science in nursing (BSN) program and the traditional on-campus BSN program...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129753/measuring-value-sensitivity-in-medicine
#20
Christian Ineichen, Markus Christen, Carmen Tanner
BACKGROUND: Value sensitivity - the ability to recognize value-related issues when they arise in practice - is an indispensable competence for medical practitioners to enter decision-making processes related to ethical questions. However, the psychological competence of value sensitivity is seldom an explicit subject in the training of medical professionals. In this contribution, we outline the traditional concept of moral sensitivity in medicine and its revised form conceptualized as value sensitivity and we propose an instrument that measures value sensitivity...
January 28, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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